CN106069150A - A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106069150A
CN106069150A CN201610563606.5A CN201610563606A CN106069150A CN 106069150 A CN106069150 A CN 106069150A CN 201610563606 A CN201610563606 A CN 201610563606A CN 106069150 A CN106069150 A CN 106069150A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rhizoma pinelliae
soil
implantation methods
tuber
rhizoma
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610563606.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴伟
舒佳宾
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qujiang Quzhou District Help You Rich Family Farm Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qujiang Quzhou District Help You Rich Family Farm Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qujiang Quzhou District Help You Rich Family Farm Co Ltd filed Critical Qujiang Quzhou District Help You Rich Family Farm Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610563606.5A priority Critical patent/CN106069150A/en
Publication of CN106069150A publication Critical patent/CN106069150A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae, including field transformation, whole, select excellent kind, sowing, soil improvement, weeding, detoxify, topdress, gather in the crops;The implantation methods of the present invention use wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber as breeding seed, the moss growth as Rhizoma Pinelliae is cultivated with plant in soil, plantation whole process does not use any chemical fertilizer, use and do not have Rhizoma Pinelliae the herbicides special of any injury carry out weeding and timely use antidote Rhizoma Pinelliae is detoxified, to keep the wild nature of Rhizoma Pinelliae, once plantation can be gathered in the crops 80 to ten years, and planting cost is low and every per mu yield high, and the property of medicine of the Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of results is strong.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese herbal medicine cultivating and growing technical field, be specifically related to the implantation methods of a kind of Chinese crude drug Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Background technology
The Rhizoma Pinelliae is the important medical material of the one in Chinese medicine treasure-house, and the place of production only has China and the Japan in Asia, is Rhizoma Arisaematis Section's medicinal plants, medicinal part is tuber.Yu Xia, season in autumn two stem and leaf luxuriant time excavate, remove crust and fibrous root, dry or dry Dry, it is Rhizoma Pinelliae.Because its toxicity is relatively big, use, according to the concocting method difference point-score Rhizoma Pinelliae, Rhizoma Pinelliae (processed with Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens), Rhizoma Pinelliae after many processes of preparing Chinese medicine Deng.Its acrid in the mouth, warm in nature, poisonous;Return spleen, stomach, lung meridian.Function drying dampness to eliminate phlegm, and middle stomach invigorating, stopping nausea and vomiting by lowering the adverse flow of QI, dissolving lump and resolving mass, external Can reducing swelling and alleviating pain.
At present, the output of the Rhizoma Pinelliae derives from wild and artificial growth, and along with the development of Chinese medicinal material industry, Rhizoma Pinelliae consumption is increasingly Greatly, wild resource the most substantially can not meet demand, and in order to improve the quantum of output of the Rhizoma Pinelliae, people have carried out the artificial growth of the Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Notification number is the technical scheme that the Chinese patent of CN103181288B discloses such a artificial growth: A. Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis Forest land selection of land wholely, selects height above sea level 800-3100m, annual rainfall 850~1200mm, air humidity 60-90%, soil thickness extremely The sloping upland plantation Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis of few 40cm, Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis seed of forest plant line-spacing 2.5~3 × 4m;In front 2-3, summer loosens the soil ridging, the winter Draw in season and cover with soil after mixed fertilizer is inserted by annular ditch;Every two years execute a base manure later, plough deeply soil 30~40cm winter, The season of growth shallow earth of digging, when grass has just grown and has been in early growth period, uses herbicide chemical weed control, in tree growth season 3~6 Execute twice instant nitrogenousfertilizer month and promote that it is nourished and grown;When the rudiment bar setting head grows to 1.0~1.5m height, substantially breaks up, Carry out choosing to sprout and determine strain, stay that to sprout density be 80-90 strain every mu;The autumn of interplanting Fructus Forsythiae the previous year, the plowed soils degree of depth is at least 25cm, at least keeps 20cm with the distance of Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis trees when turning over, and removes plant Weeds Around in germinating Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis forest land, every mu Apply decomposed dung or compost 2000-2500kg, plough under and soil is made base manure, be made wide 1.3 m, the furrow of high 0.20m, the most whole carefully Rake, in order to interplanting Fructus Forsythiae;B. interplant Fructus Forsythiae, plantation next year March of Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis~April, by seeding row spacing 130cm × 160cm, footpath, cave 25~30cm, to execute miscellaneous fertilizers 5kg, mix with soil, every cave plants into the Fructus Forsythiae seedling 2-3 cultivated by prior art Strain;The weeding when height of seedling 20 centimetres, loosening the soil and thinning, during thinning, 1-2 strain is stayed in every cave;Top is cut off during trunk height 70-80 centimetre The tip, 2-3 vigorous branches of later selecting and remain on major branch is cultivated into secondary major branch, is released side shoot, monthly carry out pruning;C. interplanting half In the summer, turning over once by ground before the Fructus Forsythiae sylvan life surface cover kind Rhizoma Pinelliae, interplanting, when turning over, the trees with Fructus Forsythiae woods keep at least 15cm, In order to avoid injuring tree root, applying decomposed manure at least 3000kg in conjunction with turning over every mu and making base fertilizer, then leveling rake is thin, on the ground With tree row arrange shallow ridges, ditch away from 15~18cm, furrow width 6~8cm, then in every ditch, arrange the Rhizoma Pinelliae by spacing in the rows 7~13cm Tuber, Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber bud head upwards, blinding after cultivation;When height of seedling 20cm, execute that low urea is fertile or thin people and animals' liquid dung sprinkles and waters Yu Tubiao;Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber just can be excavated autumn and winter the most then in spring, diameter below 1cm give over to plant, mixed with wet fine sand Closing storage custody, again plant spring in Second Year, diameter is removed the peel at the tuber of more than 1cm and is dried and get product.This method It is the restriction brought for northern cold climate, but the tuber of the Rhizoma Pinelliae there will be rotten due to the very cold in the north Phenomenon, it addition, at the longest bulbil of the Rhizoma Pinelliae of north and Buddhist flame, the mode of interplanting makes yielding poorly of the Rhizoma Pinelliae every mu.
Notification number be the technical scheme that the Chinese patent application of CN103190280B discloses such a artificial growth: a, Seed selection: select the Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of block footpath 0. 5-1.1cm to be used as kind of a stem;B, whole: carefully to rake whole for furrow face, furrow width 1.3-1.8m, Ditching on furrow face, furrow width 10-15cm, deep 6-10cm, ditch is away from 12-18cm;C, plantation: in the first ten-day period of the March, before and after lunar calendar Spring Equinox Sowing, the bottom ditched on furrow face and two sides place mat fabric or cloth-like thing, fabric or cloth-like thing width are Can contact with the bottom ditched and two sides and rout up on ditch two along each 2-6 cm, press 3-by kind of stem or through the kind stem of accelerating germination The spacing of 8cm is placed on the gauze of bottom of trench, covers the mixing loam of 4~lOcm;D, management: the wet of soil after plantation, should be kept Profit, should water later in time, ridging of topdressing, soil moisture conservation of shading, and keeps the moistening of soil and nutriment in a fertilizer to gather to Rhizoma Pinelliae maturation;Described should Watering in time, ridging of topdressing refers to, the opportunity of topdressing is: carries out once after the neat Seedling of the Rhizoma Pinelliae, carries out one when bulbil is completely formed Secondary, carry out once after the Rhizoma Pinelliae Seedling, carry out once when Rhizoma Pinelliae new talent neat Seedling;Ridging way on opportunity is: have the bulbil of maturation Combine when falling within successively with seed on the ground and use phosphorus, potassium mixing fertilizer is earthed up, and way is to take fine earth to be sprinkling upon equably on furrow face, Thickness about 1~2cm, covers bulbil;At Rhizoma Pinelliae the middle and late growth stage, within every 10 days, spray a 0.2-0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate or/and seek Supporting element, described nutrient is: it is by nucleoside hydrochlorate, glucose or/and middle trace element forms, and its percentage by weight is: nucleoside Hydrochlorate 10-30%, glucose 40-80%, middle trace element 10-30%, the concentration at spray liquid nucleotide salt is 100- 200ppm.E, gather: collecting time: determine collecting time in a conventional manner;When gathering, from side pull-up and the bottom ditched And two sides contact and rout up fabric or the cloth-like thing on edge on ditch, the tuber produced on extremely short subterraneous stem and a large amount of palpus Root and Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber connect soil and plough under in container, sieve, sort out tuber, tuber and fibrous root, classification Storage.This plantation side In method, the purpose using fabric or cloth-like thing is to promote tuber to breed, but uses the mode of embedment bottom of trench so that fiber Fabric or cloth-like thing exist in the whole growth course of Rhizoma Pinelliae all the time, and when temperature height, fabric or cloth-like thing can add The loss of acute soil moisture, is unfavorable for the growth of the Rhizoma Pinelliae, causes the Rhizoma Pinelliae withered phenomenon occur because of hydropenia.It addition, the Rhizoma Pinelliae Can fall Seedling, growth time is inadequate, and the property of medicine is weak, uses phosphorus, potassium mixing fertilizer to earth up, and the chemical fertilizer in soil will weaken the Rhizoma Pinelliae significantly The property of medicine, meanwhile, the Rhizoma Pinelliae is substantially liked calcium and is not liked phosphorus, and all contains phosphorus in chemical fertilizer, use chemical fertilizer can suppress the Rhizoma Pinelliae on the contrary Growth, even there will be rotten phenomenon.It addition, the use cost of nutrient is high, it is not suitable for implant mass.
Existing artificial method for planting also cannot use the herbicide sold on the market, because weeds dispelled by herbicide Also terminating the growth of the Rhizoma Pinelliae, it has to use the mode of artificial weeding all the time, artificial weeding not only needs to spend more simultaneously Time, and cost of labor is high, adds the most again the planting cost of the Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome shortcoming present in prior art, it is provided that a kind of planting cost is low, yield is high, product The Rhizoma Pinelliae implantation methods that matter is good, the property of medicine is strong.
To achieve these goals, the method for the present invention comprises the following steps:
Soil improves: after planting, uses the main fertile pouring soil rich in microorganism, makes soil reach fertile state, and spread one Layer mulch film, the optimum the bread worm of Rhizoma Pinelliae is 9-27 DEG C, and mulch film plays warming effect, accelerates the proliferative speed of kind of stem, And it is rotten to still prevent tuber.When Rhizoma Pinelliae stem tuber germination is begun to crop up, throw off mulch film.It addition, microorganism promotes fertile soil Superficial growth goes out moss, and moss plays to effect of soil heat preservation moisturizing, and improves the breathability of soil.
Weeding: after kind of stem germinates while long Seedling, the weeds in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground also begin to growth, and the vitality of weeds is prosperous Contain, and the plant of Rhizoma Pinelliae is short and small, when weeds grow to animated period, it will the serious growth suppressing Rhizoma Pinelliae, now spray certainly The herbicides special of preparation terminates the growth of weeds.Herbicides special is to prepare by a certain percentage with conventional several herbicides Form, to Rhizoma Pinelliae without any injury, use the weeding system of herbicides special than the low cost of artificial weeding and the shortest.
Removing toxic substances: second day after weeding, sprays antidote to Rhizoma Pinelliae, and antidote is to human non-toxic, and antidote is in order to protect Hold the wild nature of Rhizoma Pinelliae and make Rhizoma Pinelliae reach the state without herbicides special residual.The property of medicine of wild Rhizoma Pinelliae is higher, chemistry Herbicide stop for a long time can weaken the property of medicine of Rhizoma Pinelliae, therefore, it is necessary to use antidote to detoxify in time.
Further, before soil improves, further comprising the steps of:
Field is transformed: before plantation Rhizoma Pinelliae, builds zanjon drainage system and grou1ndwater irrigation system on the field choose plantation System.Rhizoma Pinelliae happiness horse race water, it is necessary to carrying out growth necessity environment of drainage system guarantee Rhizoma Pinelliae, irrigation system is in summer Period provides enough moisture to Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Wholely: on the soil completing field transformation, play arc ridge.Arc ridge is slope, and the draining on slope is fast, is difficult to Hydrops, is more beneficial for the growth of Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Select excellent kind, from local wild Rhizoma Pinelliae, select that plant growing way is good, Rhizoma Pinelliae kind ball is full, without pest and disease damage dip-dye Wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber as breeding seed.
Sowing: before and after the rainwater of the twenty-four solar terms, open longitudinal ditch, furrow width 1.2-1.5 rice, ditch depth 8-10 on arc ridge Centimetre, kind of stem away from 15-20 centimetre, is placed in bottom of trench by the spacing of 2-4 centimetre, covers the earth of 3-7 centimetre by ditch.Place kind of a stem Time, without bud mouth upward, arbitrarily to place, Rhizoma Pinelliae can stand up by nature in growth course.
Further, after removing toxic substances, further comprising the steps of:
Topdress: when Rhizoma Pinelliae Seedling grows to 22-23 centimetre animated period, use main fertilizer and lime water that Rhizoma Pinelliae is topdressed.This Time Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber start grow, add fertilizer be conducive to accelerate tuber the speed of growth.Rhizoma Pinelliae is afraid of alkali happiness weak acid, Calx Water provides the soil environment of weak acid for Rhizoma Pinelliae, provides sufficient calcium to promote the growth of Rhizoma Pinelliae, the most also for Rhizoma Pinelliae simultaneously Play the effect of sterilization, parasite killing.
The first round gathers in the crops: before and after lunar calendar Grain Full, when the Rhizoma Pinelliae leaf of 1/3rd is withered and yellow, uses small harvester The tuber of Rhizoma Pinelliae is carried out first round results, and in results, bulbil and Buddhist flame on the plant of reservation Rhizoma Pinelliae and plant exist In Rhizoma Pinelliae ground.Every strain Rhizoma Pinelliae can grow 6-10 diameter bulbil between 0.4-0.6 centimetre, the direct long in bulk of bulbil Stem, the seed in Buddhist flame can germinate naturally, and plant again can be as the fertilizer of soil after rotting.
Further, after the first round gathers in the crops, turn over and whole, carry out soil improvement, after moss grows, repave one layer Rice husk is to cover moss, and uses groundwater irrigation system once to spray water Rhizoma Pinelliae, makes rice husk be sufficiently humidified so as to, it After, the step repeat weeding, detoxifying and topdressing, it is achieved take turns results Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber in November then second, meanwhile, retain drought Bulbil on the plant of the Rhizoma Pinelliae and plant and Buddhist flame are in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground.
Preferably, in whole ground, the height on arc ridge is not less than 25 centimeters.
Preferably, in sowing, the wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of every mu 50-70 kilogram is sowed.
Preferably, main fertilizer is natural methane liquid, and every mu uses 200-400 kilogram, and natural methane liquid makes Rhizoma Pinelliae Stem Seedling, not aestivation, in order to extend the growth time of Rhizoma Pinelliae, thus strengthens the property of medicine of Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Preferably, in topdressing, every mu of rapeseed cake fermented using 140-160 kilogram.
Preferably, when topdressing, every mu of natural methane liquid using 250-350 kilogram.
Preferably, when topdressing, every mu of lime water using 4-6 kilogram.
The property of medicine of wild Rhizoma Pinelliae is strong, uses the Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of wild high-quality to breed, the most whole at Rhizoma Pinelliae Growth course does not use chemical fertilizer, maintains the originality of wild Rhizoma Pinelliae so that the Rhizoma Pinelliae of results still has and wild drought The property of medicine that the Rhizoma Pinelliae is the strongest.
The use cost of natural methane liquid is low, provides sufficient nutrient for Rhizoma Pinelliae, it is not necessary to re-use chemical fertilizer, remains The property of medicine of wild Rhizoma Pinelliae, improves the quality of artificial growth.It addition, natural methane liquid can play and kill harmful bacteria and protection has Benefit bacterium, parasite killing and prevent the effect that kind of stem rot is rotten, and promote soil surface to grow moss, moss is completely covered soil, and accompanies Whole growth course with Rhizoma Pinelliae so that the moisture in soil is sufficient, meanwhile, the fertile root growth making Rhizoma Pinelliae of soil Prosperity, directly defines Rhizoma Pinelliae and can face sunlight directly, it is not necessary to interplanting or greenhouse gardening.
Every time after the tuber of results Rhizoma Pinelliae, the bulbil that plant grows and Buddhist flame are stayed in the ground, after turning over, bulbil Buried to underground with Buddhist flame, become follow-up breeding kind, meanwhile, on the premise of not using chemical fertilizer, it is ensured that the open country of Rhizoma Pinelliae Property, and suppress the insect pest pathological changes of Rhizoma Pinelliae well, it is achieved once plantation can be gathered in the crops 80 to ten years, has saved annual kind stem and has become This.When the seedling density of Rhizoma Pinelliae reaches certain value, treat that Rhizoma Pinelliae enters the florescence, extract a part of pistil, in order to avoid plant mistake Close and the undergrowth that causes.
By constantly testing, make and all weeds can be made to stop growing simultaneously to special without any injury of Rhizoma Pinelliae With herbicide, use nontoxic antidote in time Rhizoma Pinelliae to be detoxified simultaneously, reach not injure Rhizoma Pinelliae and the most do not weaken it The purpose of the property of medicine.This herbicides special is the most formulated with conventional several herbicides, its purchase cost and Spray the cost cost of labor well below artificial weeding, and herbicidal effect is good, thorough.
Accompanying drawing explanation
For the technical scheme being illustrated more clearly that in the present invention, embodiment will be described below used in accompanying drawing do Simple introduction, it should be apparent that, drawings discussed below is only one embodiment of the present of invention, for ordinary skill From the point of view of personnel, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the picture that soil surface moss covers.
Fig. 2 is the picture of Rhizoma Pinelliae plant spacing in the 3rd year plantation Rhizoma Pinelliae field.
Fig. 3 is the picture of Rhizoma Pinelliae bulbil.
Fig. 4 is the picture of Rhizoma Pinelliae Buddhist flame.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing of the present invention, the scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.
Embodiment 1, the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae sequentially includes the following steps:
Field is transformed: build zanjon drainage system and groundwater irrigation system on the field choose plantation.Rhizoma Pinelliae happiness is run Ma Shui, it is necessary to carry out growth necessity environment of drainage system guarantee Rhizoma Pinelliae, irrigation system gives Rhizoma Pinelliae during summer Enough moisture is provided.
Wholely: on the soil completing field transformation, play arc ridge.Arc ridge is slope, and the draining on slope is fast, is difficult to Hydrops, is more beneficial for the growth of Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Select excellent kind: from local wild Rhizoma Pinelliae, select that plant growing way is good, Rhizoma Pinelliae kind ball is full, without pest and disease damage dip-dye Wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber as breeding seed.
Sowing: before and after lunar calendar rainwater, opens longitudinal ditch, furrow width 1.3 meters, ditch depth 9 centimeters on arc ridge, and ditch is public away from 18 Point, kind of stem is placed in bottom of trench by the spacing of 3 centimeters, covers the earth of 5 centimeters, every mu of kind stem using 60 kilograms.Place kind of a stem Time, without bud mouth upward, arbitrarily to place, Rhizoma Pinelliae can stand up by nature in growth course.
Soil improves: after sowing, and every mu uses 300 kilograms of natural methane liquid pouring soil, makes soil reach fertile State, and layer overlay mulch film, mulch film plays warming effect, accelerates the proliferative speed of kind of stem, and it is rotten to still prevent kind of stem rot. When kind of stem germinates and begins to crop up, throw off mulch film.It addition, microorganism promotes fertile soil superficial growth to go out moss, as it is shown in figure 1, Moss plays to effect of soil heat preservation moisturizing, and improves the breathability of soil.Natural methane liquid can play kills harmful bacteria also Protect probiotics, parasite killing and prevent the effect that kind of stem rot is rotten, being possible not only to provide nutrient into Rhizoma Pinelliae, also instead of insecticide, Reduce the planting cost of Rhizoma Pinelliae.
Weeding: after Rhizoma Pinelliae germinates while long Seedling, the weeds in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground also begin to growth, the vitality of weeds Vigorous, and the plant of Rhizoma Pinelliae is short and small, when weeds grow to animated period, it will the serious growth suppressing Rhizoma Pinelliae, now use From preparation, Rhizoma Pinelliae is carried out weeding without the herbicides special of any injury so that the wholly off growth of weeds.This weeding Mode is than the low cost of artificial weeding and the shortest.
Removing toxic substances: second day after weeding, sprays antidote to Rhizoma Pinelliae, and antidote is in order to keep the wild nature of Rhizoma Pinelliae and to make Rhizoma Pinelliae reaches the state without herbicides special residual.
Topdress: when Rhizoma Pinelliae Seedling grows to 22-23 centimetre animated period, with the rapeseed cake of 150 kilograms every mu, Rhizoma Pinelliae is entered Row topdresses, and now the tuber of Rhizoma Pinelliae starts to grow, and adds fertilizer and is conducive to accelerating the speed of growth of tuber, meanwhile, with every mu 4 Kilogram lime water spray on soil, for Rhizoma Pinelliae provide calcium nutrient, promote Rhizoma Pinelliae growth, also function to sterilization, parasite killing Effect.
The first round gathers in the crops: uses small harvester to gather in the crops Rhizoma Pinelliae before and after the Grain Full of the twenty-four solar terms, retains Bulbil on the plant of Rhizoma Pinelliae and plant and Buddhist flame in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground, every mu of Rhizoma Pinelliae that can gather in the crops 600 kilograms, drought half The diameter of summer tuber is between 2.5-3 centimetre.
Second take turns plantation then: after results, turn over and whole, carry out soil improvement, after moss grows, repave one layer of water Rice husk is to cover moss, and uses groundwater irrigation system once to spray water Rhizoma Pinelliae, makes rice husk be sufficiently humidified so as to, Oryza sativa L. Shell plays to effect of soil heat preservation moisturizing, and Rhizoma Pinelliae plays the work of double insurance for high temperature season to be entered into With.Afterwards, the step repeat weeding, detoxifying and topdressing, again gather in the crops Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber in November then, retain Rhizoma Pinelliae Seed on plant and plant is in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground, and every mu of Rhizoma Pinelliae that can gather in the crops 300 kilograms, the diameter of Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber is big Little between 2-2.5 centimetre.
First round next year plants: then second take turns results after, turn over and whole, repeat soil improvement, weeding, detoxify and chase after Fertile four steps, gather in the crops Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber, every mu of Rhizoma Pinelliae that can gather in the crops 800 kilograms, Rhizoma Pinelliae block before and after the Grain Full of next year The diameter of stem is between 2.5-3 centimetre.
Next year second takes turns plantation: after first round next year results, turns over and whole, repeats soil and improves, paving rice husk, removes Grass, the step detoxified and topdress, results Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber before and after the Grain Full of next year, every mu of Rhizoma Pinelliae that can gather in the crops 600 kilograms, The diameter of Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber is between 2-2.5 centimetre.
The 3rd year first round planted: after next year second takes turns results, turned over and whole, repeat soil improvement, weeding, removing toxic substances and Topdressing four steps, the plant at Rhizoma Pinelliae enters the florescence, optionally extracts a part of pistil, to control the growth of Rhizoma Pinelliae Density, reaches stable yields, plantation picture as shown in Figure 2.Before and after the Grain Full of the 3rd year, gather in the crops Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber, can gather in the crops for every mu The Rhizoma Pinelliae of 1200 kilograms, the diameter of Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber between 2.5-3 centimetre, per mu yield profit up to 2.25 ten thousand yuan with On.
Within 3rd year second, take turns plantation: after the 3rd year first round results, turn over and whole, repeat soil improve, paving rice husk, Weeding, the step detoxified and topdress, gathered in the crops Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber, every mu of drought half that can gather in the crops 1200 kilograms the November of the 3rd year In the summer, the diameter of Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber is between 2-2.5 centimetre, and per mu yield profit is up to more than 2.25 ten thousand yuan.
During sowing, the tuber total amount of every mu of wild Rhizoma Pinelliae used is few, the Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of the first round results of First Year Being essentially the wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber that sowing is gone down, therefore yield is the highest, but the wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of high-quality is difficult to find, Purchase cost is high, and the appropriate wild Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber of use carries out sowing can make the seed costs of every mu can reduce by 15000 yuan of left sides Right.The breeding every strain of Rhizoma Pinelliae out can grow 6-10 diameter bulbil (as shown in Figure 3) between 0.4-0.6 centimetre, the Second tuber taking turns results of 1 year is grown up to by bulbil, and owing in the time period of growth, amount of rainfall is few, and summer is hot, leads The tuber diameter causing results is less, and every per mu yield that every per mu yield was planted than the first round of First Year is low.But Buddhist flame is (such as Fig. 4 institute Show) in seed content many, under suitable soil environment can after 1 to two year naturally germinate, this allows for the 3rd year kind In planting, the seedling density of Rhizoma Pinelliae has reached every 3 centimeter of one strain.Now, follow-up each take turns plantation be required for carrying out controlling Seedling with Guarantee that Rhizoma Pinelliae has good growing environment, and reach the purpose of stable yields.
Plantation whole process does not use any chemical fertilizer, greatly suppresses the insect pest pathological changes of Rhizoma Pinelliae, maintains the wild nature of Rhizoma Pinelliae. Soil is played insulation, moisturizing and improves the effect of the gas permeability of soil by the moss that natural methane liquid cultivates naturally.Natural Methane liquid provides the nutrient of abundance for Rhizoma Pinelliae growth, and use cost is low, also has effect of sterilization, parasite killing, meanwhile, natural natural pond Gas-liquid makes stem Seedling, the not aestivation of Rhizoma Pinelliae, has elongated the growth time of Rhizoma Pinelliae, so that Rhizoma Pinelliae reaches Gao Pin The purpose of matter.
All weeds can be made to stop growing from the herbicides special of preparation, and to Rhizoma Pinelliae without any injury, by right Rhizoma Pinelliae is detoxified by the antidote of human non-toxic in time so that Rhizoma Pinelliae, without the residual of herbicides special, keeps its property of medicine, Relative to the mode of artificial weeding, the cost of herbicides special is used to be significantly less than cost of labor.
Planting the Rhizoma Pinelliae of gained as stated above, be one mu with sampling basic number, specification is that the Rhizoma Pinelliae of 100 grams/bag is Sample, carries out property of medicine inspection by Chinese Pharmacopoeia version one ministerial standard in 2015, draws following assay:
Inspection project Standard specifies Assay
Character identification Regulation should be met Meet regulation
Thin layer chromatography Test sample the color of aobvious principal spot should be identical with reference substance with position Identical with reference substance
Thin layer chromatography Test sample the color of aobvious principal spot should be identical with control medicinal material with position Identical with control medicinal material
Being shown by above-mentioned assay, specification is that the Rhizoma Pinelliae of 100 grams/bag checks above-mentioned item by Chinese Pharmacopoeia version one in 2015 Mesh, result meets regulation.
It should be pointed out that, and be described above embodiments of the invention.But, art technology it is to be understood by the skilled artisans that The present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, and the principle that the present invention is simply described described in above-described embodiment, without departing from this On the premise of invention scope, the present invention also has multiple changes and improvements, and these changes and improvements both fall within claimed this In bright scope.

Claims (11)

1. the implantation methods of a Rhizoma Pinelliae, it is characterised in that the method comprises the following steps:
Soil improves: after sowing, uses the main fertile pouring soil rich in microorganism, makes soil reach fertile state, promote Soil surface grows moss, and described moss plays to effect of soil heat preservation moisturizing, and improves the breathability of soil;
Weeding: after kind of stem germinates while long Seedling, the weeds in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground also begin to growth, treat that weeds grow to animated period Time, use from preparation herbicides special carry out weeding, described herbicides special to Rhizoma Pinelliae without any injury;
Removing toxic substances: second day after weeding, sprays antidote to Rhizoma Pinelliae, and described antidote is in order to keep the wild nature of Rhizoma Pinelliae and to make Rhizoma Pinelliae reaches the state without herbicides special residual.
The implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that before described soil improves, also Comprise the following steps:
Field is transformed: build zanjon drainage system and groundwater irrigation system on the field chosen;
Wholely: on the soil completing field transformation, play arc ridge;
Select excellent kind: from local wild Rhizoma Pinelliae, select the open country that plant growing way is good, Rhizoma Pinelliae kind ball is full, contaminate without pest and disease damage Raw Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber is as breeding seed;
Sowing: in mid-February, before and after lunar calendar rainwater, opens longitudinal ditch, furrow width 1.2-1.5 rice on arc ridge, and ditch depth 8-10 is public Point, kind of stem, away from 15-20 centimetre, is placed in bottom of trench by the spacing of 2-4 centimetre by ditch, covers the earth of 3-7 centimetre, and on arc ridge Spread one layer of mulch film.
The implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that after described removing toxic substances, also include Following steps:
Topdress: when Rhizoma Pinelliae Seedling grows to 22-23 centimetre animated period, use natural methane liquid and lime water or the Semen Allii Tuberosi fermented Rhizoma Pinelliae is topdressed by cake and lime water.
4. first round results: before and after lunar calendar Grain Full, when the Rhizoma Pinelliae leaf of 1/3rd is withered and yellow, the tuber of Rhizoma Pinelliae is entered The row first round gathers in the crops, and in described results, retains the bulbil on the plant of Rhizoma Pinelliae and plant and Buddhist flame in Rhizoma Pinelliae ground.
The implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that after the described first round gathers in the crops, Turn over and whole, carry out soil improvement, after moss grows, repave one layer of rice husk to cover moss, and use grou1ndwater irrigation Rhizoma Pinelliae is once sprayed water by system, makes rice husk be sufficiently humidified so as to, afterwards, and the step repeat weeding, detoxifying and topdressing, it is achieved Results Rhizoma Pinelliae tuber, meanwhile, the bulbil on the plant of reservation Rhizoma Pinelliae and plant and Buddhist flame is taken turns in November then second In Rhizoma Pinelliae ground.
6. according to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae described in claim 2 or 4, it is characterised in that in described whole ground, arc ridge Height be not less than 25 centimeters.
The implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that in described sowing, by every mu of 50- The kind stem of 70 kilograms is sowed.
8. according to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that institute in the improvement of described soil The main fertilizer used is natural methane liquid, and every mu uses 200-400 kilogram.
9. according to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that described in topdress in fermented Rapeseed cake every mu use 140-160 kilogram.
10. according to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that described in topdress in natural natural pond Gas-liquid every mu uses 250-350 kilogram.
11. according to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Pinelliae described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that described in topdress middle lime water Every mu uses 4-6 kilogram.
CN201610563606.5A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae Pending CN106069150A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610563606.5A CN106069150A (en) 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610563606.5A CN106069150A (en) 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106069150A true CN106069150A (en) 2016-11-09

Family

ID=57220532

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610563606.5A Pending CN106069150A (en) 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106069150A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107173129A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-09-19 裴国平 A kind of tuber of pinellia Block stem rotten sickness prevention and controls
CN107306630A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-11-03 新苑阳光农业有限公司 The implantation methods of the tuber of pinellia
CN108522190A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-09-14 安徽霍山县东方大地生态农林有限公司 A kind of drought tuber of pinellia cultural method
CN111616008A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-09-04 衢州市恒辉农业科技有限公司 Pinellia ternata planting method capable of achieving harvest for many years through one-time sowing

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李西文等: "不同除草剂在半夏种植中初步筛选及其应用研究", 《时针国医国药》 *
胡本祥: "《北方中草药种植指南》", 30 November 2003, 第四军医大学出版社 *
赵训焕等: "半夏人工栽培中除草剂的应用研究", 《中药材》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107306630A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-11-03 新苑阳光农业有限公司 The implantation methods of the tuber of pinellia
CN107173129A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-09-19 裴国平 A kind of tuber of pinellia Block stem rotten sickness prevention and controls
CN108522190A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-09-14 安徽霍山县东方大地生态农林有限公司 A kind of drought tuber of pinellia cultural method
CN111616008A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-09-04 衢州市恒辉农业科技有限公司 Pinellia ternata planting method capable of achieving harvest for many years through one-time sowing

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103975728B (en) A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi
CN103814723A (en) Efficient cultivation method for high-altitude area radix dipsaci
CN106069150A (en) A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Pinelliae
CN101536656A (en) Method of culturing of seedling and standardized planting protection of seeds of shinyleaf yellowhorn
CN104025857A (en) Platycodon grandiflorum cultivation method
CN100388876C (en) Five-finger fig root standarded and industrilized seed breeding planting method
CN108157115A (en) A kind of Arid Desert Area oil Paeonia papaveracea composite plant method
CN103181288A (en) Compound cultivation method of pinellia ternata
CN106561237A (en) Planting technology for Moringa oleifera Lam. in northeastern Sichuan
CN101595800A (en) The cultivation method of UC157 common F 1 variety American asparagus
CN107466626A (en) A kind of organic implantation methods of tuniclike psammosilene root
CN104855104A (en) Environment-friendly no-tillage flower cultivation method
CN106665047A (en) Cultivation method for greenhouse muskmelons
CN106233997A (en) A kind of rice field-upland field rotation organic cultivation method of long season Fructus Capsici
CN105123254A (en) Multiple-cropping method of early-mature potato, celery and leafy vegetables in arched shed
CN104938182A (en) Seedling method for improving polygonatum kingianurn reproductive rate
CN104686173A (en) Method for jointly planting osmunda and loquat in farmland
CN104686159A (en) Method for planting selenium-rich vegetable and fruit in farmland
CN105248082B (en) A kind of method of quickly breeding prairie pine bulb
CN103385110A (en) Raising method for blumea balsamifera seedlings
CN110558144A (en) Planting method of fructus evodiae
CN104718945A (en) Method for cultivating selenium-rich vegetables in improved farmland
CN104686162A (en) Selenium-enriched fruit and vegetable high-yield interplanting technology
CN109452065A (en) A kind of organic tea fertilizing and planting method
CN109874617A (en) A kind of implantation methods of asparagus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination