CN106065732B - A kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior steel plated - Google Patents

A kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior steel plated Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106065732B
CN106065732B CN201610526910.2A CN201610526910A CN106065732B CN 106065732 B CN106065732 B CN 106065732B CN 201610526910 A CN201610526910 A CN 201610526910A CN 106065732 B CN106065732 B CN 106065732B
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prefabricated
bulkhead plate
plate
layer
prefabricated bulkhead
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CN106065732A (en
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刘丽华
张洁
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刘丽华
张洁
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/24Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H2007/225Silos with retaining wall type wall elements, e.g. trench silos

Abstract

A kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, including the prefabricated bulkhead plate of orlop, polylith, silo roof, multiple function, reinforcing prop, periphery enable prefabricated bulkhead plate to be attached with adjacent bulkhead plate, multiple function or reinforcing prop by attachment device;The multiple function positions bulkhead plate, anchors into depth in soil and is more than storehouse bottom plate depth;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer is equipped on the inside of top layer's first segment, reinforcing prop is first equipped on the inside of second segment, so that reinforcing prop medial surface is concordant with the prefabricated bulkhead plate medial surface of first layer, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer is equipped in reinforcing prop medial surface so that first and second layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate part overlap joint again;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate part overlap joint overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate;Steel plate is connect with outside concrete using holdfast on the inside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate, and the outside of outside concrete is equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, and bulkhead plate is equipped with cornerite.

Description

A kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior steel plated
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground granary technical fields, and in particular to a kind of interior ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangle of steel plated Lower silo.
Background technology
Underground granary is built under shallow layer surface, long-term low-temperature grain-storage, is kept grain quality, is inhibited insect pest, avoids It is stifling using toxic agents, corollary failure and dual-purpose equal many merits of drawing are resisted, many experts are consistent with scholar to think reasonable Promote and apply underground grain storehouse new system and new technology, can realize low-temperature environment-friendly, it is energy saving save land, detraction of guaranteeing the quality, ecological grain storage.
The existing underground granary in China generally in the lower general loess of level of ground water and is suitble to being stained with property regional, such as cave dwelling Storehouse, loudspeaker storehouse, double curvature arch storehouse, semi-underground bin, hole shape loudspeaker storehouse;Underground bin built simultaneously is mostly brickwork construction, and capacity is small, accounts for Ground area is big, mechanization degree is low.
It is useful in the Novel underground silo that level of ground water is higher, complex geological condition region can promote and apply in order to build, Some national patents and document also proposed circular grain bin, the large space Underground Rectangular that cylinder, semicircular cylinder surround, and combined type is enclosed in stake The storehouses such as underground bin type, but the popularization and application of above-mentioned new storehouse type, there is also some urgent problems to be solved, such as:(1) underground grain storage Storehouse has high standard waterproof, moisture-proof requirement.Ensure that warehouse is water-tight within service life, it is impermeable;The web material of use is easy Aging, working procedure is complicated, and difficulty is big, is susceptible to construction quality problem.(2) the wet construction environment construction period of deep basal pit It is long.After excavation of foundation pit, precipitation, orlop plate is cast-in-place, bulkhead slding form operation needs to carry out in wet construction environmental condition for a long time, and labour is strong Big, long construction period is spent, construction cost is high.(3) pattern foundation pit supporting structure is costly.For such deep basal pit, " piling bar+waist rail+water shutoff steel Plate " pattern foundation pit supporting structure is relatively inexpensive mode, but expense accounts for the 25-30% of civil engineering construction cost, and construction cost is higher.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207155.1, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead Covered with Angles, waterproof that steel plate can be separately as bulkhead, damp-proof layer, also can bulkhead connect to be formed with steel member with steel plate The bulkhead of composite structure carrys out waterproof, moisture-proof.The shape of underground granary bulkhead be linear or curved shape, as cylindrical shape, square tube shape, Semicircle bulkhead etc..The invention solves the problems, such as the waterproof and dampproof of orlop plate by encased steel plate.It constructs simultaneously in orlop When, steel plate accelerates speed of application as template, reduces construction cost, but its construction, which is cast in situs, constructs, and the construction The deficiencies of method needs to carry out excavation of foundation pit, and it is of high cost to there is integral constructing in this way, long construction period.
Application No. is a kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of CN200910207154.7, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead is divided into inner and outer wall, is linked to be entirety using connector between inner wall and outer wall, forms cavity between inner wall and outer wall, The cavity is used for the detection and reparation of underground granary leak, and for underground granary ventilation and the detection of grain feelings.The invention silo It is also required to excavation of foundation pit, there is the deficiencies of high construction trouble, construction cost, long construction period.
Prefabricated construction is one of the effective way for realizing building structure industrialization and building energy conservation section row, for a long time with Come, concrete construction mainly use site operation traditional work mode, industrialization degree is low, water consume, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, Quantity of wastewater effluent is big, does not meet the Sustainable development policies of national energy-saving and environmental protection.It, can be pre- with factory using fabricated construction System, assembled in situ, realize building structure industrialization, while can effectively improve material building energy conservation and structural behaviour effect Rate, energy saving and resource, reduce the harmful effect of building waste and environment, reduce construction site limitation etc..Therefore, in order to carry For it is a kind of " it is fast, good, save " the new storehouse type of underground grain storage, research and develop prefabricated assembled Novel underground storehouse have become it is required.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of interior ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of steel plated, the prefabricated dresses Waterproof roll and bulkhead internal layer reinforcing bar can be replaced using interior steel plated with formula underground granary, there is preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect And comprehensive benefit;Prefabricated bulkhead plate can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, and processing and manufacturing quality effectively can be controlled and be saved Can environmental protection, Prefabricated Assembling, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.In addition, prefabricated warehouse Structure can be used as foundation pit supporting system, save pattern foundation pit supporting structure cost, reduce construction investment.
The present invention solution be:The flat shape of a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, the underground granary is rectangle, Including orlop, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of polylith, silo roof, multiple function, reinforcing prop, the prefabricated bulkhead plate is rectangle prefabricated chunk, There is attachment device on periphery, can be carried out with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, multiple function or reinforcing prop by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device Connection;The multiple function positions bulkhead, anchors into depth in soil and is more than storehouse bottom plate depth, be subject to soil pressure, Pressure and the main bearing member for resisting buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, top layer It is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer on the inside of first segment, is first equipped with reinforcing prop on the inside of second segment so that reinforcing prop medial surface and first The prefabricated bulkhead plate medial surface of layer is concordant, then is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer in reinforcing prop medial surface so that first and second layer prefabricated Bulkhead plate part overlaps;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate part overlap joint overlaps always to most One layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate below forms ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary;The prefabricated bulkhead plate is inside steel plate Integral structure, inside steel plate is combined to be connect using holdfast with outside concrete with the concrete slab in outside, outside concrete Outside be equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, have L-type cornerite in prefabricated bulkhead plate top, have U on the prefabricated bulkhead plate left side, the right and bottom right side Type cornerite.
The present invention is characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function and reinforcing prop use steel column or the coagulation equipped with steel embedded part Earth pillar, multiple function are connect with reinforcing prop by bolt or soldered, and multiple function or reinforcing prop are equipped with and position rigid component.It is more Functional column and reinforcing prop will ensure that the connecting elements of itself and surrounding forms a common stress of entirety, in this way, with steel column or being equipped with The concrete column of steel embedded part can simply and easily be connected thereto Member Welding;Multiple function passes through bolt or soldered with reinforcing prop An entirety is connected into, and with the increase of depth, the global sections size that the two is formed is increasing, in this way, can have Effect ground is resisted from top to bottom with the increased soil pressure of depth, and structure design is more economically reasonable.The positioning steel of multiple function Component can accurately be positioned when prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, while be provided before prefabricated bulkhead plate and multiple function welding Fixed function.
The present invention is further characterized in that the circumferential outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is horizontal concordant, outside and multiple function or reinforcing prop It is welded to connect, is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate;In multiple function or reinforcing prop and contiguous prefabricated storehouse The water-proof concrete with prefabricated bulkhead plate ad eundem is poured in the cavity that siding and junction steel plate surround.In this way, in prefabricated storehouse It ensure that inside steel plate is kept for one with multiple function or reinforcing prop in circumferential direction with multiple function or reinforcing prop welding on the outside of siding It is whole, so as to carry out effective waterproof to prefabricated bulkhead;In addition, be welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, On the one hand there is the second waterproof measure increased at node, and make multiple function or reinforcing prop and prefabricated bulkhead and its it Between concrete form overall structure, keep stress more reasonable, the simpler convenience of node construction.
The present invention is further characterized in that upper and lower two layers vertical dislocation lap joint of prefabricated bulkhead plate, upper and lower two layers of prefabricated bulkhead plate The elongated fillet weld seam of overlapping part.Upper and lower two layers vertical dislocation lap joint mode of prefabricated bulkhead plate makes neighbouring prefabricated It is very convenient when the junction construction of bulkhead plate, it can preferably ensure construction quality;The overlap joint of upper and lower two layers of prefabricated bulkhead plate On the one hand the elongated fillet weld at position makes steel plate be formed after seamless welding up and down whole, to prevent well subsurface flow into or It infilters inside underground bin, so that upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead plate is become an entirety in structure, with positioning column or reinforcing prop It is common to resist the external force such as soil pressure.
The present invention, which is further characterized in that at upper and lower two layers of dislocation lap joint of prefabricated bulkhead plate, is equipped with oblique stiffening plate, reinforces Plate is welded with prefabricated bulkhead plate up and down.It can there are grains when grain export, at upper and lower two layers of dislocation lap joint of prefabricated bulkhead plate Food, grain cleans relatively difficult herein;On the one hand the oblique stiffening plate that lap-joint is equipped with certain slope makes grain by flowing into certainly In putting in storage, second waterproof guarantee on the other hand can be provided for bulkhead lap-joint, while on can reinforcing in terms of the structure design The connection of lower bulkhead.
The present invention is further characterized in that at upper and lower two layers of dislocation lap joint of prefabricated bulkhead plate that circumferentially spaced be provided with is put more energy into Rib;The ribbed stiffener cuts away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, and the ribbed stiffener and adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate up and down are vertical Welding;Ribbed stiffener is polylith, and vertically prefabricated bulkhead plate overlapping part circumferential direction is uniformly distributed.Upper and lower two layers of prefabricated bulkhead plate The ribbed stiffener of circumferentially spaced setting is the connection for reinforcing neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate at dislocation lap joint, puts more energy into what floor was equipped with The welding of corner cut formula ribbed stiffener does not conflict spatially with the elongated fillet weld of the overlapping part of upper and lower two layers prefabricated bulkhead plate;Add Strength rib makes the ability that junction at bulkhead improves its resist torque and shearing with the adjacent prefabricated equal vertical welding of bulkhead plate up and down.
The present invention is further characterized in that orlop uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, on bottom plate lower steel plate and its between Concrete using holdfast connect.This two-sided composite structure bulkhead light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, section The operating expenses for saving bulkhead reduces the difficulty of construction of bulkhead, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure carries The high rigidity and intensity of bulkhead, is effective against soil pressure and pressure, is conducive to underground bin and is sent out to the direction of deeper bigger , the scope of application of the storehouse type is increased, and be more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The present invention be further characterized in that multiple function and reinforcing prop use section form for the open tubular column of straight line or curve or Solid post.
The present invention is further characterized in that silo roof uses concrete-armor Plate.In this way, above structure gives full play to The resistance to compression of concrete and the tensile capacity of steel plate keep large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and can be used when construction Steel plate significantly reduces difficulty of construction, while can also accelerate speed of application as template.
The present invention is further characterized in that construction method includes the following steps:It (1) will be more in precalculated position according to design requirement Certain depth is driven underground in functional column;(2) it is surrounded in multiple function and excavates first layer soil in region;(3) excavating first layer soil Afterwards, the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function;(4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer, continuation is dug down Except second layer soil;(5) first layer reinforcing prop is installed on the inside of multiple function;(6) second layer is installed on the inside of first layer reinforcing prop Prefabricated bulkhead plate;(7) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4) one (6) step, prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed downwards successively, until orlop Position;(8) orlop construction is carried out;(9) construction for finally carrying out Hold Ceiling and beam, that is, complete the overall structure of underground granary.It is more Depth is driven underground depending on foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors synthesis in functional column, When foundation bearing capacity cannot meet engine request, positioning column and reinforcing prop can be transmitted instead of pile by silo vertical at this time Pressure;In addition, multiple function and reinforcing prop can also replace the buoyancy that uplift pile resists underground water to silo;Multiple function can be right Prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically positioned with circumferential direction, ensures that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertical vertical, and circumferential direction forms an annulus, from And keep stress more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height, fractional layer is installed from top to bottom;It is pre- in every layer of installation When bulkhead plate processed, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is greater than or equal to the sky of warehouse overall diameter Between, while ensureing that the soil body does not cave in digging process, could giving prefabricated bulkhead plate installation in this way, there are construction spaces, ensure pre- Bulkhead plate construction safety processed is smoothed out;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, precipitation is first carried out, is then opened It digs;After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, the slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate, in this way, the soil body, slurry and Prefabricated bulkhead plate forms a closely knit entirety, ensures that this layer soil body does not cave in when excavating next layer soil body, under ensureing Safety when layer soil excavates.When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate installation, first by prefabricated bulkhead plate and adjacent multiple function or reinforcing prop Welding, ensures that prefabricated bulkhead plate is reliably connected with multiple function or reinforcing prop, then uses junction steel plate weld horizontal contiguous prefabricated Bulkhead plate;After the prefabricated bulkhead plate installation of adjacent upper layer and lower layer is in place, first with the neighbouring bulkhead of elongated fillet weld seam, then edge Weld seam circumferential direction installs ribbed stiffener, finally installs oblique stiffening plate;After neighbouring bulkhead construction, in horizontally adjacent prefabricated storehouse Siding pours the water-proof concrete with prefabricated bulkhead plate ad eundem.By this construction method, the soil body and peace are excavated successively from top to bottom Prefabricated bulkhead plate is filled, the cylinder warehouse structure that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is formed can be used as foundation pit supporting system, in this way, well will Silo warehouse structure is combined into one with foundation pit supporting system, has not only saved cost caused by independent progress pattern foundation pit supporting structure, greatly It is big to reduce construction investment, and substantially reduce the construction period of entire engineering.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 underground bin floor plans
Fig. 2 underground bin section layout drawings
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of Fig. 3 monolithics
Fig. 4 first segment precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagrames
Fig. 5 second segments and following paragraphs precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram
Fig. 6 first segments corner precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram
Fig. 7 second segments and following paragraphs corner precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram
Fig. 8 bulkhead node schematic diagrames
In attached drawing:1 is multiple function;2 be reinforcing prop;3 be prefabricated bulkhead;4 be silo roof;5 be orlop;6 be junction steel plate; 7 be ribbed stiffener;8 be oblique stiffening plate;9 elongated fillet welds;10 be earthing;12 be water-proof concrete;13 be outside plate;14 are Special-Shaped Column;15 be grain outlet.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 8:Present embodiments provide a kind of ladder-like prefabricated dress of interior steel plated With formula rectangular underground granary.Including orlop 5, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, reinforcing prop 2, described is prefabricated Bulkhead plate 3 is rectangle prefabricated chunk, and there is attachment device on periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device 3 Plate 3, multiple function 1 or reinforcing prop 2 are attached;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead 3.Multiple function 1 is from top to bottom It is divided into several sections, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of first layer is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, reinforcing prop 2 is first equipped on the inside of second segment so that 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop is concordant with prefabricated 3 medial surface of bulkhead plate of first layer, then is equipped with the prefabricated storehouse of the second layer in 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop Siding 3 so that first and second layer of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated bulkhead 3 part of plate overlaps, and overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, forms ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary;It is described Prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 combines integral structure, inside steel plate to be adopted with outside concrete for inside steel plate and the concrete slab in outside It is connected with holdfast, the outside of outside concrete is equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, has L-type cornerite in prefabricated 3 top of bulkhead plate, in prefabricated bulkhead plate There is U-shaped cornerite on 3 left sides, the right and bottom right side.
The multiple function 1 and reinforcing prop 2 use steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part, multiple function 1 with plus Strong column 2 by bolt or is welded to connect, and multiple function 1 or reinforcing prop 2 are equipped with and position rigid component.
The circumferential outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is horizontal concordant, and outside is welded to connect with multiple function 1 or reinforcing prop 2, phase Adjacent prefabricated 3 inside junction steel plate 6 of bulkhead plate is welded to connect;Multiple function 1 or reinforcing prop 2 and contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 with And water-proof concrete 12 with prefabricated 3 ad eundem of bulkhead plate is poured in the cavity that surrounds of junction steel plate 6.
The overlapping part of 3 upper and lower two layers vertical dislocation lap joint of the prefabricated bulkhead plate, upper and lower two layers of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is used Elongated fillet weld 9 is welded.At upper and lower two layers of dislocation lap joint of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 be equipped with oblique stiffening plate 8, reinforcing plate 8 with Prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 welds up and down.
It is circumferentially spaced at upper and lower two layers of dislocation lap joint of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 to be provided with ribbed stiffener 7.It is described to put more energy into Rib 7 cuts away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, the ribbed stiffener 7 and adjacent 3 equal vertical welding of prefabricated bulkhead plate up and down;It puts more energy into Rib 7 is polylith, and vertically 3 overlapping part circumferential direction of prefabricated bulkhead plate is uniformly distributed.
The storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material may be implemented in the underground granary.
Embodiment two:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangle underground grain of interior steel plated Storehouse.Including orlop 5, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, reinforcing prop 2, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is rectangle There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk, periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device 3 Or reinforcing prop 2 is attached;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead 3.Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, most upper It is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of first layer on the inside of the first segment of layer, is first equipped with reinforcing prop 2 on the inside of second segment so that 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop It is concordant with prefabricated 3 medial surface of bulkhead plate of first layer, then it is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer 3 in 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop so that the One, two layers of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint, It overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, forms ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Integral structure, inside steel plate is combined to be connect using holdfast with outside concrete for inside steel plate and the concrete slab in outside, The outside of outside concrete is equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, has L-type cornerite in prefabricated 3 top of bulkhead plate, on prefabricated 3 left side of bulkhead plate, the right There is U-shaped cornerite with bottom right side.
The orlop 5 is pyramidal structure, and the orlop 5 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure.This steel plate coagulation Native composite structure light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, need not construction when be laid with reinforcing bar, save bulkhead Operating expenses reduces the difficulty of construction of orlop, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves bulkhead Rigidity and intensity, be effective against soil pressure and pressure, be conducive to underground granary and develop to the direction of deeper bigger, increase The scope of application of the storehouse type, and it is more advantageous to the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The silo roof 4 uses two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure, the silo roof 4 that grain port 15, the silo roof 4 is arranged Earthing 10 is arranged in top.Two-sided steel plate concrete composite structure structure has given full play to the resistance to compression of concrete and the tension energy of steel plate Power keeps large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and steel plate can be used as template when construction, significantly reduces and applies Work difficulty, while can also accelerate speed of application.Grain port setting is modernized into equipment of putting out cereal, convenient for grain storage and carry It takes.
The storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material may be implemented in the underground granary.The underground granary seals Property and supportive it is fine, can also realize the storage to powder, liquid material, coordinate different chargings and discharging equipment, apply It is very extensive.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of construction method of the ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior steel plated, packet Include following steps:
1) multiple function 1 is driven underground by certain depth in precalculated position according to design requirement;
2) it is surrounded in multiple function 1 and excavates first layer soil in region;
3) after excavating first layer soil, in the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the inside of multiple function 1 installation first layer 3;
4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate of first layer 3, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
5) in 1 inside installation first layer reinforcing prop 2 of multiple function;
6) in the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the inside of the first layer reinforcing prop 2 installation second layer 3;
7) according to above-mentioned 4) -6) construction method of step, prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is installed downwards successively, until orlop position;
8) orlop 5 is carried out to construct;
9) construction for finally carrying out Hold Ceiling 4 and beam, that is, complete the overall structure of underground granary.
Depth is driven underground according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors in multiple function Depending on synthesis, when foundation bearing capacity cannot meet engine request, positioning column and reinforcing prop can replace pile by silo at this time The vertical pressure transmitted;In addition, multiple function and reinforcing prop can also replace the buoyancy that uplift pile resists underground water to silo;It is more Functional column can vertically position prefabricated bulkhead plate with circumferential direction, ensure that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertical vertical, circumferential direction is formed One annulus, to keep stress more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along height, fractional layer is installed from top to bottom; When installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, height is excavated first and is greater than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter is greater than or equal to storehouse The space of outer diameter, while ensureing that the soil body does not cave in digging process, could giving prefabricated bulkhead plate installation in this way, there are apply Work space ensures that prefabricated bulkhead plate construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, first to be dropped Then water is excavated;After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, the slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate, this Sample, the soil body, slurry and prefabricated bulkhead plate form a closely knit entirety, ensure that this layer soil body is not when excavating next layer soil body Landslide, safety when to ensure that subsoil excavates.When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate installation, first by prefabricated bulkhead plate with it is adjacent more Functional column or reinforcing prop welding, ensure that prefabricated bulkhead plate is reliably connected with multiple function or reinforcing prop, are then welded with junction steel plate Water receiving puts down contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate;After the adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate installation of upper layer and lower layer is in place, first with above and below elongated fillet weld seam Then adjacent bulkhead installs ribbed stiffener along weld seam circumferential direction, finally installs oblique stiffening plate;After neighbouring bulkhead construction, The water-proof concrete with prefabricated bulkhead plate ad eundem is poured in horizontally adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate.By this construction method, from top to bottom The soil body is excavated successively and prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, and the cylinder warehouse structure that every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is formed can be used as pattern foundation pit supporting structure body System, in this way, being well combined into one silo warehouse structure with foundation pit supporting system, has not only saved independent carry out pattern foundation pit supporting structure Caused cost substantially reduces construction investment, and substantially reduces the construction period of entire engineering.
Example IV
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangle underground grain of interior steel plated Storehouse.Including orlop 5, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, reinforcing prop 2, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is rectangle There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk, periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device 3 Or reinforcing prop 2 is attached;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead 3.Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, most upper It is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of first layer on the inside of the first segment of layer, is first equipped with reinforcing prop 2 on the inside of second segment so that 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop It is concordant with prefabricated 3 medial surface of bulkhead plate of first layer, then it is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer 3 in 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop so that the One, two layers of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint, It overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, forms ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Integral structure, inside steel plate is combined to be connect using holdfast with outside concrete for inside steel plate and the concrete slab in outside, The outside of outside concrete is equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, has L-type cornerite in prefabricated 3 top of bulkhead plate, on prefabricated 3 left side of bulkhead plate, the right There is U-shaped cornerite with bottom right side.
Prefabricated 3 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:115 parts of asphalt, 7 parts of glass fibre, 8 parts of bentonite, 6 parts of emulsifier, 1.5 parts of dispersant, 1.5 parts of stabilizer are organic 25 parts of fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 2.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment five
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangle underground grain of interior steel plated Storehouse.Including orlop 5, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, reinforcing prop 2, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is rectangle There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk, periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device 3 Or reinforcing prop 2 is attached;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead 3.Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, most upper It is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of first layer on the inside of the first segment of layer, is first equipped with reinforcing prop 2 on the inside of second segment so that 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop It is concordant with prefabricated 3 medial surface of bulkhead plate of first layer, then it is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer 3 in 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop so that the One, two layers of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint, It overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, forms ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Integral structure, inside steel plate is combined to be connect using holdfast with outside concrete for inside steel plate and the concrete slab in outside, The outside of outside concrete is equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, has L-type cornerite in prefabricated 3 top of bulkhead plate, on prefabricated 3 left side of bulkhead plate, the right There is U-shaped cornerite with bottom right side.
Prefabricated 5 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:110 parts of asphalt, 10 parts of glass fibre, 9 parts of bentonite, 7.5 parts of emulsifier, 2 parts of dispersant, 2 parts of stabilizer are organic 30 parts of fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Embodiment six
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide a kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangle underground grain of interior steel plated Storehouse.Including orlop 5, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, reinforcing prop 2, the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is rectangle There is attachment device on prefabricated chunk, periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 by the prefabricated bulkhead plate of attachment device 3 Or reinforcing prop 2 is attached;The multiple function 1 positions bulkhead 3.Multiple function 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, most upper It is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of first layer on the inside of the first segment of layer, is first equipped with reinforcing prop 2 on the inside of second segment so that 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop It is concordant with prefabricated 3 medial surface of bulkhead plate of first layer, then it is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate of the second layer 3 in 2 medial surface of reinforcing prop so that the One, two layers of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint;With above-mentioned set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated 3 part of bulkhead plate overlap joint, It overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, forms ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary;The prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Integral structure, inside steel plate is combined to be connect using holdfast with outside concrete for inside steel plate and the concrete slab in outside, The outside of outside concrete is equipped with bar-mat reinforcement, has L-type cornerite in prefabricated 3 top of bulkhead plate, on prefabricated 3 left side of bulkhead plate, the right There is U-shaped cornerite with bottom right side.
Prefabricated 5 outer surface of bulkhead plate sprays mask coating, and the mask coating includes the material system of following parts by weight At:105 parts of asphalt, 13 parts of glass fibre, 10 parts of bentonite, 9 parts of emulsifier, 2.5 parts of dispersant, 2.5 parts of stabilizer have 35 parts of machine fluorine richness styrene-acrylic emulsion, 3.5 parts of antifreeze.
The emulsifier uses hydrogenated tallow amine, the dispersant that glyceryl monostearate, the stabilizer is used to use Sulfate, the antifreeze use ethylene glycol.
Example IV provides the special mask coating in prefabricated bulkhead plate outer surface to six, to prefabricated bulkhead plate play protection, Corrosion-resistant acts on, and plays the role of antiseepage, sealing to bulkhead, can spray when prefabricated bulkhead plate is prefabricated or organize at the scene binning Sprayed when wall, fundamentally solve corner, gap, irregular structure junction leakage etc. technical barriers, enhance underground The water resistance of silo.Glass fibre is added in mask coating, the toughness and tensile strength of coating is considerably increased, delays The time of coating cracking increases its service life, and also has certain supporting role for bulkhead.The antifreezing agent of addition can To reduce damage of the low temperature to mask coating, the safe operation of cold district winter underground granary ensure that.
Finally illustrate, the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting, this field is common Other modifications or equivalent replacement that technical staff makes technical scheme of the present invention, without departing from technical solution of the present invention Spirit and scope, be intended to be within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, the flat shape of the underground granary is rectangle, including orlop (5), polylith are prefabricated Prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), silo roof (4), multiple function (1), reinforcing prop (2), the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) are rectangle prefabricated board There is attachment device on block, periphery, can be with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), multiple function (1) by the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) of attachment device Or reinforcing prop (2) is attached;The multiple function (1) positions prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), and the depth anchored into soil is big In orlop (5) depth, it is subject to soil pressure, pressure and the main bearing member for resisting buoyancy;It is characterized in that:It is multi-functional Column (1) is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) of first layer is equipped on the inside of the first segment of top layer, second segment inside is first Equipped with reinforcing prop (2) so that reinforcing prop (2) medial surface is concordant with prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) medial surface of first layer, then in reinforcing prop (2) medial surface is equipped with the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) of the second layer so that first and second layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) part overlaps;With above-mentioned Set-up mode so that second and third layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) part overlaps, and overlaps always to bottom one layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), ladder-like assembled rectangular underground granary is formed;The prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is the coagulation of inside steel plate and outside The whole structure of the hardened synthesis of soil, inside steel plate are connect with outside concrete using holdfast, and the outside of outside concrete is equipped with steel Muscle net, has L-type cornerite in prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) top, has U-shaped packet on prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) left side, the right and bottom right side Angle.
2. prefabricated assembled underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The multiple function (1) and reinforcement Column (2) uses steel column or the concrete column equipped with steel embedded part, multiple function (1) by bolt or to be welded to connect with reinforcing prop (2), Multiple function (1) or reinforcing prop (2), which are equipped with, positions rigid component.
3. prefabricated assembled underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is circumferential outer Side is horizontal concordant, and outside is welded to connect with multiple function (1) or reinforcing prop (2), contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) inside connection Steel plate (6) is welded to connect;It is enclosed with contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) and junction steel plate (6) in multiple function (1) or reinforcing prop (2) At cavity in pour water-proof concrete (12) with prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) ad eundem.
4. prefabricated assembled underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) upper and lower two The overlapping part of the vertical dislocation lap joint of layer, upper and lower two layers of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is welded with elongated fillet weld (9).
5. prefabricated assembled underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) it is upper and lower Oblique stiffening plate (8) is equipped at two layers of dislocation lap joint, reinforcing plate (8) is welded with prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) up and down.
6. prefabricated assembled underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) it is upper and lower It is circumferentially spaced at two layers of dislocation lap joint to be provided with ribbed stiffener (7).
7. underground granary as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:The ribbed stiffener (7) is cut away by right angled triangle steel plate Right angle forms, the ribbed stiffener (7) and the adjacent equal vertical welding of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) up and down;Ribbed stiffener (7) is polylith, vertically Prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) overlapping part circumferential direction is uniformly distributed.
8. prefabricated assembled underground granary as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Solid-state may be implemented in the underground granary The storage of particle, powder material or liquid material.
9. a kind of construction method built such as the prefabricated assembled underground granary of claim 1-8 any one of them, feature exist In:The construction method includes the following steps:
(1) multiple function (1) is driven underground by certain depth in precalculated position according to design requirement;
(2) it is surrounded in multiple function (1) and excavates first layer soil in region;
(3) after excavating first layer soil, the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) of first layer is installed on the inside of multiple function (1);
(4) after installing the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) of first layer, second layer soil is excavated in continuation down;
(5) the installation first layer reinforcing prop (2) on the inside of multiple function (1);
(6) the prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) of the second layer is installed on the inside of first layer reinforcing prop (2);
(7) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4)-(6) step, prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is installed downwards successively, until orlop position;
(8) orlop (5) is carried out to construct;
(9) construction for finally carrying out Hold Ceiling (4) and beam, that is, complete the overall structure of underground granary.
CN201610526910.2A 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 A kind of ladder-like prefabricated assembled rectangular underground granary of interior steel plated Active CN106065732B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2180719Y (en) * 1994-01-29 1994-10-26 成孝君 Multi-layer plastic grain storagehouse
CN2307074Y (en) * 1997-09-29 1999-02-10 任桂良 Steel-bamboo combined storehouse
CN2397071Y (en) * 1999-08-24 2000-09-20 王金山 Fire-proof waterproof anticorrosive grain bin
CA2479412C (en) * 2004-08-26 2010-06-08 Larry Bertelsen Method of fabricating a tall multi-stage work piece
CN201649755U (en) * 2009-12-09 2010-11-24 河南工业大学 Bulk-grain building bin with hollow column
CN202831751U (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-03-27 成都赛珞仓储工程设计有限公司 Two-way dense rib type storage pocket barricade
CN206189969U (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-05-24 刘丽华 Prefabricated assembled rectangle underground granary of interior steel plated echelonment

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