CN106058645B - Airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod and control method - Google Patents

Airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod and control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106058645B
CN106058645B CN201610605608.6A CN201610605608A CN106058645B CN 106058645 B CN106058645 B CN 106058645B CN 201610605608 A CN201610605608 A CN 201610605608A CN 106058645 B CN106058645 B CN 106058645B
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China
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lightning rod
cylinder
jacking
hydraulic
solenoid directional
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CN201610605608.6A
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CN106058645A (en
Inventor
金凯
付佳
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YUNNAN YU TIAN LIGHTING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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YUNNAN YU TIAN LIGHTING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01TSPARK GAPS; OVERVOLTAGE ARRESTERS USING SPARK GAPS; SPARKING PLUGS; CORONA DEVICES; GENERATING IONS TO BE INTRODUCED INTO NON-ENCLOSED GASES
    • H01T19/00Devices providing for corona discharge
    • H01T19/04Devices providing for corona discharge having pointed electrodes

Abstract

The present invention relates to apparatus for preventing thunderbolt field, and in particular to a kind of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod and control method.The lightning rod includes the lightning rod that band is fixed on installation base surface, in addition to control system, hydraulic system and cylinder jacking mechanism, and lightning rod is by the horizontal upset with vertical direction of cylinder jacking mechanism controls;Cylinder jacking mechanism is connected by hydraulic oil pipe with hydraulic system, and control system is electrically connected with by cable and hydraulic system.Present invention also offers the control method of the lightning rod.The present invention solves the problems, such as that existing airplane parking area lightning protection device can cause potential safety hazard to takeoff and landing, and can make the best results of lightning protection.Lightning rod is driven to carry out the horizontal upset with vertical direction by cylinder jacking mechanism; lightning rod usually place by horizontal storage; takeoff and landing are not interfered with; the effect of the lightning rod lightning protection is good, wind loading rating is strong; maximum can resist more than 10 grades of wind-force, and reliable guarantee is provided for airport hardstand lightning protection.

Description

Airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod and control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to apparatus for preventing thunderbolt field, and in particular to a kind of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod and controlling party Method.
Background technology
Lightning rod is the device for protecting building etc. to avoid thunderbolt.When producing thundercloud in the air, lightning rod makes ground Face electric field is distorted, and forming internal field on lightning rod top concentrates, and guiding thunder and lightning is to lightning-arrest needle-discharging, then passes through downlead Lightning current is introduced into the earth with earthing or grounding means, so that protected object body exempts from thunderbolt.Spacious airplane parking area during thunderstorm it may be said that It is most dangerous place, the aircraft to berth is subject to a variety of danger such as direct thunder, induced lightening, mine transmitting device and ground potential counterattack Evil, it is therefore desirable to which lightning rod lightning protection is set.And the body of rod of traditional lightning rod is higher, and setting height(from bottom) is fixed, and can influence aircraft Landing.And although a small number of lightning rods possess Telescopic, but the fixed core exposed still can cause safety to the landing of aircraft Hidden danger.Therefore a kind of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod is needed to be made to solve existing airplane parking area lightning protection device to takeoff and landing The problem of into potential safety hazard, and the best results of lightning protection can be made.
The content of the invention
The present invention in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, provides a kind of simple and reasonable airplane parking area automatic-lifting type and taken shelter from the thunder Pin solves the problems, such as that existing airplane parking area lightning protection device can cause potential safety hazard to takeoff and landing, and can make the effect of lightning protection Most preferably.
The technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:A kind of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod is fixed on peace including band The lightning rod on basal plane is filled, the lightning rod is grounded by earth cable, it is characterised in that the airplane parking area automatic-lifting type is taken shelter from the thunder Pin also includes control system, hydraulic system and cylinder jacking mechanism, the lightning rod by cylinder jacking mechanism controls its it is horizontal with The upset of vertical direction;The cylinder jacking mechanism is connected by hydraulic oil pipe with hydraulic system, and the control system passes through electricity Cable is electrically connected with hydraulic system.
Preferably, the cylinder jacking mechanism includes a column oil cylinder, and the column oil cylinder includes what is be connected with lightning rod Piston rod and the cylinder barrel being hinged with installation base surface, the lightning rod bottom is hinged with installation base surface.
Preferably, described hydraulic system includes providing the hydraulic gear pump and motor, locking oil of pressure for magnetic overflow valve Jacking cylinder, bidirectional hydraulic lock, the first solenoid directional control valve and the second solenoid directional control valve of cylinder lifting body;The jacking cylinder pushes away Dynamic column oil cylinder steadily rises and pulls column oil cylinder steady fall.
Preferably, the cylinder jacking mechanism tilts are set, and the cylinder jacking mechanism is provided with hydraulic lock.
The earth cable is accommodated in the lightning rod body of rod by automatic winding plant.
Insulated between its top of described cylinder jacking mechanism and lightning rod, its bottom is insulated with installation base surface.
Present invention also offers the control method of above-mentioned machine level ground automatic-lifting type lightning rod, it is characterised in that:Including following Step:
A motor and hydraulic gear pump), are started, after operating steadily, electromagnetic relief valve electromagnet obtains electric construction and founds its pressure;
B), the right position of the second solenoid directional control valve is obtained electric, and jacking cylinder promotes column oil cylinder steadily to establish, and column oil cylinder, which reaches, to be referred to Positioning postpones, the second solenoid directional control valve dead electricity, and jacking cylinder pins two chambers by bidirectional hydraulic lock;
C), the right position of the first solenoid directional control valve obtains electric, and column oil cylinder rises with lightning rod, after reaching specified location, first The right position dead electricity of solenoid directional control valve, two chambers are pinned by bidirectional hydraulic lock;
D), all electromagnet dead electricity, motor and hydraulic gear pump are shut down, and lightning rod is started working in place;
E), when lightning rod end-of-job needs storage, start motor and hydraulic gear pump, electromagnetic relief valve electromagnet obtain Electric construction founds its pressure;
F), the left position of the first solenoid directional control valve obtains electric, and column oil cylinder declines with lightning rod, after reaching specified location, first Solenoid directional control valve dead electricity;
G), the left position of the second solenoid directional control valve is obtained electric, and jacking cylinder pulls column oil cylinder steady fall, and column oil cylinder, which reaches, to be referred to Positioning postpones, the second solenoid directional control valve dead electricity;
H), electromagnetic relief valve dead electricity, motor and hydraulic gear pump shut down, and lightning rod recovery terminates.
The present invention solves defect present in background technology, has the advantages that:
Automatic-lifting type lightning rod in airplane parking area provided by the invention and control method solve existing airplane parking area lightning protection device meeting The problem of potential safety hazard is caused to takeoff and landing, and the best results of lightning protection can be made.Driven and kept away by cylinder jacking mechanism Thunder pin carries out the horizontal upset with vertical direction, and lightning rod usually place by horizontal storage, does not interfere with takeoff and landing, thunderstorm weather Automatic vertical upset is driven in place by hydraulic system.It is slow to be provided in lightning rod again switching process by setting jacking cylinder Punching, improves the stationarity in switching process, the vibrations for preventing from jacking and falling when in place.The effect of the lightning rod lightning protection It is good, wind loading rating is strong, maximum can resist more than 10 grades of wind-force, and reliable guarantee is provided for airport hardstand lightning protection.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod;
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of hydraulic system;
In figure:1- control systems, 2- hydraulic systems, 3- hydraulic oil pipes, 4- lightning rods, 5- cylinder jackings mechanism, 6- installations Basal plane, 11- liquid level oil thermometers, 12- air cleaners, 13- oil-suction oil filters, 14 hydraulic gear pumps, 15- motors, 16- oil returns filter Oily device, 17- hydraulically-controlled one-way valves, 18- electromagnetic relief valves, 19- pressure gauges, the solenoid directional control valves of 20- first, the electromagnetic switch of 21- second Valve, 22- bidirectional hydraulic locks, 23- jacking cylinders, 24- column oil cylinders.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
A kind of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod as shown in Figure 1, including band are fixed on the lightning rod on installation base surface 6 4, the lightning rod 4 is grounded by earth cable, and airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod also includes control system 1, the and of hydraulic system 2 Cylinder jacking mechanism 5, lightning rod 4 by the controlled level of cylinder jacking mechanism 5 and vertical direction upset;Cylinder jacking mechanism 5 is logical Cross hydraulic oil pipe 3 to be connected with hydraulic system 2, control system 1 is electrically connected with by cable and hydraulic system 2.Cylinder jacking machine Structure 5 includes a column oil cylinder 24, and column oil cylinder 24 includes the piston rod being connected with lightning rod 4 and the cylinder being hinged with installation base surface 6 Cylinder, the bottom of lightning rod 4 are be hinged with installation base surface 6.Cylinder jacking mechanism 5 is obliquely installed, and the cylinder jacking mechanism 5 is provided with hydraulic pressure Lock.Earth cable is accommodated in the body of rod of lightning rod 4 by automatic winding plant.Cylinder jacking mechanism 5 its top with lightning rod 4 it Between insulate, its bottom is insulated with installation base surface 6.
The fundamental diagram of hydraulic system as shown in Figure 2, hydraulic system 2 include providing the liquid of pressure for magnetic overflow valve 18 Knob wheel pump 14 and motor 15, the jacking cylinder 23 of locking cylinder jacking mechanism 5, bidirectional hydraulic lock 22, the first solenoid directional control valve 20th, the second solenoid directional control valve 21, liquid level oil thermometer 11, air cleaner 12, oil-suction oil filter 13, return oil filter 16 and prevent The hydraulically-controlled one-way valve 17 of backflow.Jacking cylinder 23 promotes column oil cylinder 24 steadily to rise and pulls the steady fall of column oil cylinder 24.
Present invention also offers a kind of control method of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod, it is characterised in that:Including with Lower step:
A motor 15 and hydraulic gear pump 14), are started, after operating steadily, the electromagnet of electromagnetic relief valve 18 obtains electric construction and founds its pressure Power;
B), 21 right position of the second solenoid directional control valve obtains electric, and jacking cylinder 23 promotes column oil cylinder 24 steadily to establish, column oil cylinder After 24 reach specified location, the dead electricity of the second solenoid directional control valve 21, jacking cylinder 23 pins two chambers by bidirectional hydraulic lock 22;
C), 20 right position of the first solenoid directional control valve obtains electric, and column oil cylinder 24 rises with lightning rod 4, after reaching specified location, First dead electricity of solenoid directional control valve 20 right, two chambers are pinned by bidirectional hydraulic lock 22;
D), all electromagnet dead electricity, motor 15 and hydraulic gear pump 14 are shut down, and lightning rod 4 is started working in place;
E), when the end-of-job of lightning rod 4 needs storage, motor 15 and hydraulic gear pump 14, electromagnetic relief valve 18 are started Electromagnet obtains electric construction and founds its pressure;
F), 20 left position of the first solenoid directional control valve obtains electric, and column oil cylinder 24 declines with lightning rod, after reaching specified location, The dead electricity of first solenoid directional control valve 20;
G), 21 left position of the second solenoid directional control valve obtains electric, and jacking cylinder 23 pulls the steady fall of column oil cylinder 24, column oil cylinder After 24 reach specified location, the dead electricity of the second solenoid directional control valve 21;
H), the dead electricity of electromagnetic relief valve 18, motor 15 and hydraulic gear pump 14 shut down, and lightning rod recovery terminates.
The present invention the course of work be:Lightning rod usually place by horizontal storage, does not interfere with takeoff and landing.When running into thunderstorm Weather is, it is necessary to which lightning rod flip horizontal to vertical direction is operated.Instruction is sent by the control system 1 in operating room, Start motor 15, after operating steadily, the electromagnet of electromagnetic relief valve 18 obtains electric construction and founds its pressure, and 21 right position of the second solenoid directional control valve obtains Electricity, jacking cylinder 23 promote column oil cylinder 24 steadily to establish, after column oil cylinder 24 reaches specified location, the second solenoid directional control valve 21 Dead electricity, jacking cylinder 23 pin two chambers by bidirectional hydraulic lock 22.First solenoid directional control valve, 20 right position obtain it is electric, column oil cylinder 24 with Lightning rod 4 rises, and after reaching specified location, that is, is turned to vertical direction.First dead electricity of solenoid directional control valve 20 right, by two-way liquid Pressure lock 22 pins two chambers.All electromagnet dead electricity, motor 15 shut down, and lightning rod is in vertical state, in place to start working.When After the end-of-job of lightning rod 4, it is necessary to when storing lightning rod, start motor 15, the electromagnet of electromagnetic relief valve 18 obtains electric construction and founds its pressure Power, 20 left position of the first solenoid directional control valve obtain electric, and column oil cylinder 24 declines with lightning rod, after reaching specified location, the first electromagnetism The dead electricity of reversal valve 20,21 left position of the second solenoid directional control valve obtain electric, the steady fall of the pulling column of jacking cylinder 23 oil cylinder 24, column oil After cylinder 24 reaches specified location, that is, it is turned to horizontal direction.The dead electricity of second solenoid directional control valve 21, the dead electricity of electromagnetic relief valve 18, electricity Machine 15 shuts down, and lightning rod recovery terminates.The present invention drives lightning rod to carry out horizontal and vertical side by cylinder jacking mechanism To upset, lightning rod usually placed by horizontal storage, does not interfere with takeoff and landing, and thunderstorm weather is driven automatic by hydraulic system Vertical upset is in place.By setting jacking cylinder, to provide buffering in lightning rod again switching process, improve in switching process Stationarity, the vibrations for preventing from jacking and falling when in place.The effect of the lightning rod lightning protection is good, wind loading rating is strong, and maximum can Anti- more than 10 grades wind-force, reliable guarantee is provided for airport hardstand lightning protection.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the scope of the protection with principle.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod, including band are fixed on the lightning rod (4) on installation base surface (6), this is lightning-arrest Pin (4) is grounded by earth cable, it is characterised in that the airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod also include control system (1), Hydraulic system (2) and cylinder jacking mechanism (5), the lightning rod (4) control its horizontal and vertical side by cylinder jacking mechanism (5) To upset;The cylinder jacking mechanism (5) is connected by hydraulic oil pipe (3) with hydraulic system (2), the control system (1) It is electrically connected with by cable and hydraulic system (2);The cylinder jacking mechanism (5) includes a column oil cylinder (24), described vertical Post oil cylinder (24) includes the piston rod being connected with lightning rod (4) and the cylinder barrel being hinged with installation base surface (6), the lightning rod (4) Bottom is be hinged with installation base surface (6);Described hydraulic system (2) includes providing the hydraulic gear pump of pressure for magnetic overflow valve (18) And motor (15), the jacking cylinder (23) of locking cylinder jacking mechanism (5), bidirectional hydraulic lock (22), the first electromagnetic switch (14) Valve (20) and the second solenoid directional control valve (21);The jacking cylinder (23) promotes column oil cylinder (24) steadily to rise and pulls column Oil cylinder (24) steady fall.
2. automatic-lifting type lightning rod in airplane parking area according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cylinder jacking mechanism (5) it is obliquely installed, the cylinder jacking mechanism (5) is provided with hydraulic lock.
3. automatic-lifting type lightning rod in airplane parking area according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The earth cable passes through certainly Dynamic winding plant is accommodated in lightning rod (4) body of rod.
4. automatic-lifting type lightning rod in airplane parking area according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described cylinder jacking mechanism (5) insulated between its top and lightning rod (4), its bottom is insulated with installation base surface (6).
5. a kind of control method of the airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod based on described in any one of Claims 1 to 4, its feature It is:Comprise the following steps:
A motor (15) and hydraulic gear pump (14)), are started, after operating steadily, electromagnetic relief valve (18) electromagnet obtains electric construction and stands it Pressure;
B), the second solenoid directional control valve (21) right position obtains electric, and jacking cylinder (23) promotes column oil cylinder (24) steadily to establish, column oil After cylinder (24) reaches specified location, the second solenoid directional control valve (21) dead electricity, jacking cylinder (23) is pinned by bidirectional hydraulic lock (22) Two chambers;
C), the first solenoid directional control valve (20) right position obtains electric, and column oil cylinder (24) rises with lightning rod (4), reaches specified location Afterwards, the right position dead electricity of the first solenoid directional control valve (20), two chambers are pinned by bidirectional hydraulic lock (22);
D), all electromagnet dead electricity, motor (15) and hydraulic gear pump (14) are shut down, and lightning rod (4) is started working in place;
E), when lightning rod (4) end-of-job needs storage, motor (15) and hydraulic gear pump (14), electromagnetic relief valve are started (18) electromagnet obtains electric construction and founds its pressure;
F), the first solenoid directional control valve (20) left position obtains electric, and column oil cylinder (24) declines with lightning rod, after reaching specified location, First solenoid directional control valve (20) dead electricity;
G), the second solenoid directional control valve (21) left position obtains electric, and jacking cylinder (23) pulls column oil cylinder (24) steady fall, column oil After cylinder (24) reaches specified location, the second solenoid directional control valve (21) dead electricity;
H), electromagnetic relief valve (18) dead electricity, motor (15) and hydraulic gear pump (14) shut down, and lightning rod recovery terminates.
CN201610605608.6A 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Airplane parking area automatic-lifting type lightning rod and control method Active CN106058645B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107147007B (en) * 2017-05-28 2018-06-19 国网山东省电力公司无棣县供电公司 A kind of lightning arrester and lightning-protection type electric pole
CN107834359B (en) * 2017-12-29 2020-09-11 江西雷尔盾威电气有限公司 Lightning arrester of base station convenient to installation
CN108082515A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-05-29 天津大学 A kind of Bridge Crack identification device based on UAV system imaging
CN108233184B (en) * 2018-01-16 2019-11-19 宁夏中科天际防雷检测有限公司 A kind of packaged type airplane parking area lift lightning protection electric installation
CN108598871A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-09-28 送飞实业集团有限公司 A kind of airplane parking area audio identification lifting/lowering lighting rod
CN112421380A (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-02-26 叶发梅 Waterproof and windproof lightning arrester

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US8956556B2 (en) * 2008-07-02 2015-02-17 Eaton Corporation Dielectric isolators
CN203094023U (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-07-31 金华中兴通信技术有限公司 Tower mast turning type emergency communication vehicle
CN203300952U (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-11-20 国家无线电监测中心成都监测站 Direction finding antenna field lightning protection system of short wave fixed station
CN104564859B (en) * 2013-10-21 2017-01-11 湖北华舟重工应急装备股份有限公司 Hydraulic control system of three-dimensional adjusting machine
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CN205882392U (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-11 云南宇恬防雷材料有限公司 Air park automatic rising formula lightning rod

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