CN106054626B - Convenient for customized building automation system - Google Patents

Convenient for customized building automation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106054626B
CN106054626B CN201610398834.1A CN201610398834A CN106054626B CN 106054626 B CN106054626 B CN 106054626B CN 201610398834 A CN201610398834 A CN 201610398834A CN 106054626 B CN106054626 B CN 106054626B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
system
space
automation system
building automation
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610398834.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106054626A (en
Inventor
S·M·麦瑞斯
S·M·麦考伊
D·M·理查兹
E·本迪克特
J·S·西沃德
J·布林克
D·A·迈克耐尔
D·德姆林
J·K·基斯特勒-罗宾森
Original Assignee
传恩国际股份有限公司
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Publication date
Priority to US11/208,773 priority Critical
Priority to US11/208,773 priority patent/US8050801B2/en
Priority to US11/316,697 priority
Priority to US11/316,702 priority
Priority to US11/316,698 priority patent/US8055387B2/en
Priority to US11/316,703 priority
Priority to US11/316,699 priority
Priority to US11/316,702 priority patent/US8024054B2/en
Priority to US11/316,410 priority patent/US8290627B2/en
Priority to US11/316,699 priority patent/US7904186B2/en
Priority to US11/316,687 priority
Priority to US11/316,697 priority patent/US8055386B2/en
Priority to US11/316,703 priority patent/US7917232B2/en
Priority to US11/316,410 priority
Priority to US11/316,698 priority
Priority to US11/316,695 priority
Priority to US11/316,695 priority patent/US7870090B2/en
Priority to US11/316,687 priority patent/US8099178B2/en
Priority to PCT/US2006/031863 priority patent/WO2007024573A2/en
Priority to USPCT/US2006/31863 priority
Application filed by 传恩国际股份有限公司 filed Critical 传恩国际股份有限公司
Priority to CNA200680039349XA priority patent/CN101589351A/en
Publication of CN106054626A publication Critical patent/CN106054626A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106054626B publication Critical patent/CN106054626B/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B15/00Systems controlled by a computer
    • G05B15/02Systems controlled by a computer electric
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/26Pc applications
    • G05B2219/2642Domotique, domestic, home control, automation, smart house

Abstract

The present invention is provided to dynamic extending and the building automation system automatically configured (building automation system;BAS) interact and customize the system and method for the BAS.In one embodiment, graphic user interface (the graphical user interface of the BAS;It GUI) include building summary page.The invention further relates to space abstract page and the device Summary pages.

Description

Convenient for customized building automation system

It is " 200680039349.X " the present invention be directed to application number, entitled " convenient for customized building The divisional application of the patent application of automated system ".

Technical field

The present invention relates generally to building automation system.More particularly it relates to building automation User's customization of system information, communication and configuration and interface.

Background technique

Building automation system (building automation system;BAS) for coordinating, managing and controlling automatically Various environment, physics and electrical building subsystems, especially HAVC and climate controlling are made, but also comprising security personnel, lightning-arrest, confession Electricity etc..Common existing BAS system is to be realized by hardwire, or linked using proprietary communication standard or agreement each Subsystem and the user for providing system scope access and control.

The durable fixed system being customized for specific facilities can be formed by carrying out hardwire and artificial programming to BAS. However, these systems usually need to carry out extensive customization for each building or place.The necessary artificial programming of one BAS And other installation elements may be not particularly suited for other systems, cause installation operating cost relevant to these systems high and consume It is time-consuming.

In addition, hardwired systems and those be difficult using the system of proprietary communication standard and agreement, even can not with not System component, panel and other components with manufacturer or different generations are integrated.For example, at more of the BAS by being equipped with upgrading In the campus that building is constituted, there may be existing former generation (to leave) system and the system purchased from a more than manufacturer.Herein In kind situation, installing BAS simultaneously makes its meeting compatible with existing system very time-consuming, needs to carry out a large amount of manual maintenance and programming Existing device can be integrated and build up the BAS of customization.Manual maintenance is usually to be provided by system integrator.Although due to expense And the reasons such as interruption, BAS owner and manager do not have an optimistic view of system integrator, however system integrator is many BAS Manufacturer and manufacturer form income after sale and initially installation BAS and carry out a key side of the management mode of live contact Face.Therefore, BAS manufacturer and manufacturer are reluctant to change its management mode always and cancel its system integrator.

With BACnetTM(a kind of U.S. heating, refrigeration and air-conditioning man's Association of Engineers (American Society of Heating,Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers;) and American National Standard ASHRAE Meeting (American National Standards Institute;ANSI) standard) and LonTalkTM(it is a kind of by The protocol integration method of Echelon exploitation) introducing, various standards and communication in the industry have been achieved with certain unification. BACnetTMOriginally it is to formulate HVAC interoperability standard, now acts as the solution of entire industry-wide issues.However, In use, BACnetTMThere are miscellaneous editions, and include the various non-standard feature functions of using for manufacturer.Many manufacturers Regulation will realize the compatibility of system, it is necessary to use specific BACnetTMVersion, thus BAS user is forced to be updated.Cause This, BACnetTMVarious versions and feature between can not cooperate with use completely.In addition, current BAS is usually single agreement frame Structure.Therefore, although set BAS can be compatible with a consensus standard, BAS is inherently only compatible with single agreement, such as BACnetTM, another standard agreement or specialized protocol.

Simply likened, BAS can be compared to the book of a bookbinding.Each equipment in BAS be this this book not Same reader.This this book may include multiple chapters and sections or part, and for each reader's custom written and must carry out professional bookbinding.Such as The compatible multiple protocol versions of fruit BAS or manufacturer, then each chapters and sections can be write respectively with different language.It is various in book to read Different language, reader, which needs to be looked up the dictionary with hand, translates into each chapters and sections the mother tongue or preferred language of reader.It may need Want more dictionaries.Reader possibly can not translate each language completely, or certain chapters and sections may can only be translated into non-preference Language-i.e. reader be only familiar with but sinistrous language, therefore reader may basic comprehension one or more chapters and sections.For example, A chapter in book can be the first language, represent the preferred BAS BACnet of particular vendorTMVersion or mother tongue version, and book In another rule and regulation represent another manufacturer second of language BACnetTMVersion.If reader cannot understand second of language, Then reader can only grasp second of language by being translated using dictionary come minimally.Due to being not exclusively proficient in, thus This this book cannot help reader that advanced tasks or communication is effectively performed.Certain language possibly can not be translated, and reader consultation is needed Translator carrys out human translation this or these chapters and sections.Human translation especially expends the time and cost is very high, and if translation is whole Chapter content then must professionally rebind this this book, for good and all to include translated content.If the weight without profession New bookbinding, then will need to re-start human translation when reader reads this this book next time.

In addition, BAS installation and maintenance are still to generally require the customized task for expending a large amount of manpowers, these tasks are because of each system The embodiment of system and it is different.Upgrading, extension and update or removal system component and service are especially also extremely complex Task, this is because existing BAS may both support that new device and must manually perform may not also be supported to reconfigure It can recognize that and comprising changing.In typical scenario, manage a building place and the building place tool there are two The user of the control unit run in existing BAS wants to increase third control unit in the side building of building created.This When, the new version that existing control unit must be upgraded to third control unit by user just can make system consistent with each other, because being System can not adapt to multiple versions or integrate new control unit.

The metaphor of book is returned, at this point, when needing to be updated the chapters and sections in book, or when the new content for increasing whole chapter When, it is necessary to whole book foldback time original author is written over and then carries out rebinding for profession.Any dictionary is also necessary Accordingly updates and repeat human translation.Therefore, it is updated and increases very labor intensive and time.

The user interface-of these BAS is usually graphic user interface (the graphical user by Computer display interface;GUI)-it is usually static, and user is forced to execute task and browsing information in a predefined manner.To change The working method of user interface then needs to be customized, and this will exceed the ability of ordinary user, because these users are generally not Computer programming training is received.

Existing BAS can not provide management tool desired by accessibility, customization and system user.Current BAS is difficult progress management on large-and is for example managed by regional or nationwide retailer or other tissues, and in pipe It is very cumbersome in communication aspects when reason.In addition, although having had now and having used based on internet and addressable system, so And there are several defects for these systems.Many existing internet BAS are the attachmentes as existing BAS and are formed, thus are had Integrated, dedicated design.These systems cannot provide with non-native systems and sub- carry out interface needed for suitability and Scalability, this is particular problem existing when building large scale system in existing structure.Existing system can not provide Higher level scalability, configurability and customization tools.

Recently, ASHRAE has issued XML and BACnetTMNetwork service interface specification.According to ASHRAE, which intends It remains neutral to communication protocol, because the network service of defined can be used together with any basic agreement.Such method is Minimum common ground (common denominator) method, is applicable to multiple BACnetTMVersion Spec, wherein BAS is serviced It is to be supported by the built-in function of agreement.However, such method there is still a need for using gateway or translation by special or dedicated function It can standardize, and also need to be translated or standardized between protocols rather than more, rather than further smoothly inherently run each Kind agreement.In addition, cannot usually provide complete semanteme for data although can various functions be translated and be standardized Or context.In other words, although minimum denominator systems can identify data be it is red, blue or green, these systems cannot Distinguish the depth of these colors, and when being only unified into mass-tone, data can lose a degree of meaning.

Therefore, it is necessary to one kind especially from user perspective, have communication, the pipe of advanced level user's customization function and enhancing The intelligent BAS of reason and control option.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is that essence meets the demand, and in one embodiment, the present invention relates to building automation systems (BAS) the page in graphic user interface (GUI).

In one embodiment, the summary page of a composition at least part of building of BAS includes: at least one can navigate Link, link to another part of the GUI;Static building information part;And dynamic building information part.It is dynamic State building information part includes alarm list and space list, and alarm list includes to alarm with existence or non-existence in building Related static and multidate information, space list then include the static state and dynamic letter about multiple spaces related with the building Breath, wherein static information includes an at least equipment setpoint, and multidate information then includes observed by related with set point at least one State, wherein the space list be defined as in related with the building multiple spaces of display all or less than space, and its In those of be selectively shown in this multiple space in the space list space be included in set point and observed state it Between with maximum deviation space.

In other embodiments, the present invention relates to space abstract page and the device Summary pages.

Summary description of the invention is not intended to above to describe each illustrated embodiment of the invention or each embodiment party Case.It attached drawing and is illustrated below and will more specifically illustrate these embodiments.

Detailed description of the invention

The detailed description hereafter to various embodiments of the present invention is read in conjunction with the figure, will be understood more fully the present invention, In attached drawing:

Fig. 1 is the schema of building automation system according to an embodiment of the invention (BAS);

Fig. 2 is the operation architecture diagram of BAS according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the data model block diagram of BAS according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the navigation picture of user interface according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 5 A is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 5 B is another user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 6 is attributed graph according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 A is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 B is the detail drawing of the user interface page shown in Fig. 7 A according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 C is another detail drawing of the user interface page shown in Fig. 7 A according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 D is another user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 8 is user interface navigation figure according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 9 A is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 9 B is the detail drawing of the user interface page shown in Fig. 9 A according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 10 is data logging block diagram according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 11 A is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 11 B is the detail drawing of the user interface page shown in Figure 11 A according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 11 C is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 12 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 13 A is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 13 B is the detail drawing of the user interface page shown in Figure 13 A according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 13 C is another detail drawing of the user interface page shown in Figure 13 A according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 14 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 15 is user interface navigation figure according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 16 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 17 is user interface navigation figure according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 18 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 19 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 20 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 21 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 22 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention;

Figure 23 is user interface navigation figure according to an embodiment of the invention;And

Figure 24 is the user interface page according to an embodiment of the invention.

Although the present invention be easy various modification can be adapted and alternative form, will show by way of example in the accompanying drawings and Detail of the invention is described in detail below.However, it should be understood that being not intended to limit the invention to tool as described herein Body embodiment.On the contrary, being belonged in the spirit and scope of the present invention that appended claim is defined it is intended that covering All modifications, equivalent and alternative form.

Specific embodiment

The present invention relates to for interacting with dynamic extending and the BAS automatically configured and being customized to it System and method.In one embodiment, pass through graphical user interface displays and realize user's customization option.Except offer is for user Outside the port of access, management and customization BAS, user interface itself can also be according to the dynamic extensibility of system and dynamic with system State scalability is complementally customized.For example, in one embodiment, when the enterprise server engine of BAS finds new object When, can automatically or under user guided selectively customized user interface.User interface also allows user to customize place or build Build the gradation directory of object.The place or building can be searched for from user interface, and search result can be used for then customizing institute State catalogue.In one embodiment, user interface also includes instrument panel display, roughly to show the letter about building system Breath.Instrument panel display includes the summary info about the space in building, building or particular device in building.

The BAS and framework that these system and methods are particularly suitable for dynamic extending and can automatically configure.Referring to Fig.1-24 And be illustrated below, it is more readily understood that the present invention.Although the application that present invention is not necessarily limited to be particularly shown, utilize The present invention hereinafter particularly can be best understood to example embodiments description.

Referring to Fig. 1, in one embodiment, user passes through graphical user circle that is presented on one or more computer installations 22 Face (graphical user interface;GUI or " user interface (user interface) ") come access BAS 10 and with BAS 10 interacts.In one embodiment, BAS 10 is the system for the object-oriented that can be scaled automatically and intelligently, is being divided More site management abilities are provided in the geographic area being distributed in local or broad range.In one embodiment of this invention, BAS 10 framework resides in enterprise server engine (enterprise server engine;ESE) in 20.BAS 10 and ESE 20 include general and durable processor-based control system, has and does not distinguish the front end of communication protocol, for from being in It operationally supports to the air-conditioning system in one or more buildings in any building or far from building central location System (HVAC) and other subsystems are managed.BAS 10 preferably networks, and so as to user's access, such as passes through one or more calculating Machine device 22 or any other hardware for being communicatively coupled to communication network, firmware or software user interface device carry out Access.An embodiment of user interface is described more fully below.In one embodiment, it is run as on network server The application program with network function, BAS can pass through the meter on one of Intranet 32 or internet 30 or both by user Calculation machine system accesses.Web application provides operation service for HVAC and other subsystems.

In one embodiment, BAS 10 can support and integrate leaving, existing and next-generation component and subsystem. BAS 10 can also be by intelligently identifying these systems and/or subsystem and being easily integrated in the movable of BAS 10 In the framework of state extension, and support the system of common vendor or manufacturer and the system of rival factory.Such flexibility makes BAS 10 framework can support additional application program and new control panel and subsystem types and version, may be not present again Problem is edited and reissued, and can be extended, be customized and special BAS 10 according to specific requirements in specific embodiments. In addition, dynamic extensibility makes complicated system be capable of providing the versatility and availability of enhancing.

The metaphor of above-mentioned book is returned to, BAS of the invention is library, rather than being equally that single this is ineffective in the prior art The book permanently bound living.The book of its own is put into stack room by each terminal installation of BAS of the present invention.Each book is not Bookbinding, but dissipate page, acceptant supplement or revision.Therefore, reader needs not rely on Dan Ben great, not flexible bookbinding Such book of book-Palingraphia and must rebind the chapters and sections that just can be updated or augment, and include multilingual, thus It needs to translate according to possible limited dictionary or by translator.But the stack room include multi-lingual librarian (ESE) Access each book as needed, wherein these books are newest always.When adding new book into stack room, librarian's meeting Existing book is automatically updated, to be included in the information collected from the material of update.In addition, the stack room include card catalogue, card catalogue Each book is not only described, but also further relates to the correlation and similarity in stack room between more books.When new to stack room addition When book, card catalogue is also automatically updated.BAS of the invention essentially forms an automation librarian, can consult individual book, It says any desired language and learns newspeak at a gallop as needed.Therefore, it is a kind of unlimited to be considered as BAS of the invention Or universal Turing machine, and previous BAS can only be incorporated into as finite state machine.

Referring again to Fig. 1, each device 22 is communicatively coupled to BAS 10, and BAS 10 is preferably dynamic extending And the BAS of customization.The dynamic extensibility of BAS 10 allows users to customize and control using user interface BAS 10, and nothing Need to use reprogram or update code.

The user interface of BAS 10 can be actually communicatively coupled with visual display unit and by any with BAS 10 Device 22 provides.Certain examples of these devices are personal desktop computer, laptop computer or portable computer (portable computer;PC);Portable or personal digital assistant (portable digital assistant;PDA); Mobile phone;And other similar devices.In general, the connection between device 22 and BAS 10 is by internet 30, Intranet 32 and/or some other local area and wide area communication network provide, although can also be used other connection means and connection combination.Example Such as, if the connection at least partly includes radio honeycomb communication net using the mobile phone with internet network savvy Network.

In BAS 10, operationally one or more in device 22 and BAS 10 of enterprise server engine (ESE) 20 Communication link is provided between field device, terminal installation and/or control/sensor device 40,41,42,44 and 46, to execute Installation, setting, integrated, control and support function and task.For example, ESE 20 is the setting ginseng of device/object 40,42,44 and 46 Number provides interface, these setting parameters include the address IP of each, subnet mask (subnet mask), gateway and service Device title (as applicable).ESE 20 more provides a kind of for being arranged and the method and/or function of the webpage at customized user interface 160 With, and provide to webpage and announce figure and content, wherein the webpage can include template and the independent page simultaneously.

In one embodiment, ESE 20 includes software, firmware, hardware and/or the other programmings for carrying out following operation Component: selectively building the dynamic extensibility capability of BAS, logical to be established by various communications protocols and this multiple terminal installation Believe and control this multiple terminal installation;Selectively build BAS automatically configures ability, to support by determining each terminal dress At least one feature for setting and add terminal installation into this multiple terminal installation;And based in part on at least one Feature, at least part of relational directory for this multiple terminal installation that collect.In another embodiment, ESE 20 includes for converging Compile about at least part terminal installation in this multiple terminal installation and about space associated with this multiple terminal installation, The hardware of system, subsystem, building and the static state in campus and multidate information, firmware and/or software programming component, Yi Jiyong In software, firmware and/or the hardware number of at least one feature for storing the static state and multidate information and each terminal installation According to library component.The Database Component can also store relational directory.These and other spy of ESE 20 is described more fully below Sign.

Fig. 2 is the operation architecture diagram according to the BAS 10 of an embodiment.In the BAS 10 of dynamic extending and scaling, Object is existed in the form of classification or taxonomic structure.For example, each data object, site objects and panel object are interrelated simultaneously It opposite can be defined, wherein each object includes or associated with respective object definition 58, these object definitions 58 are, for example, Type, version, manufacturer etc. are stored in database 60 and by BAS 10 in applications engine/structure with ESE 20 It is interpreted in frame 62, to determine how BAS 10 handles special object.Internal meta-object management 50, data object management 52, Site management 54 and panel and 56 representation of telecommunication management carry out applications engine/framework 62 and external source and entity Interface, to manage the object in BAS 10.Then, BAS 10 is situated between by network server 64 by applications engine/framework 62 It is connected to outer interface.External user interface according to an embodiment of the invention be using web browser 66, by internet 30, Intranet 32 or alternative communication network are shown.

The main data entities of BAS 10 are painted in Fig. 3.On most basic level, each place 110 is one or more The set of a panel 112 (panel object), and each panel 112 is the set of one or more objects, in system BAS Operability is realized in 10, the one or more object may need to extend 130.Place 110 can be to be managed by ESE 20 Single place (i.e. building) or be a series of places.Place 110 further includes the information for background task.Panel 112 Be the known single panel 112 in place 110 or a series of panels and ESE 20 manage these particular panels needed for letter Breath.In one embodiment, which may include panel type, version, manufacturer and ignore-tag symbol (ignore flag).It is right As 120 be a series of objects being present in each panel 112, for being navigated, being shown and managed.Object extension 130 is The information for being exclusively used in every an object 120 being stored on ESE 20 is retouched by metadata associated with every an object 120 It states.Object extension 130 is for example for driving user interface 160, for determining for example such as the following item: when an object presses object When configuration is in different families, which family which belongs to.

In one embodiment, place 110 and object 120 are integrated into is to be realized in BAS 10 by a discovery procedure. For example, installing new panel object 112 (panel 40 in Fig. 1) at a position, and new panel object 112 will be incorporated to BAS 10 In.ESE 20 is operable to carry out one or more algorithms, the 112 (panel of new panel object in the algorithm discovery BAS 10 40) existing programming is analyzed, and then to first determine whether panel object 112 is strictly new or whether previously in BAS Panel object 112 was found in 10.Once judge panel object 112 be it is newly-increased, ESE 20 is just then come from and is closed In any relevant or necessary information of panel object 112, such as manufacturer, version and the agreement supported, by panel 40 It is integrated in BAS 10, then executes ongoing reconfigure.In other embodiments, by place 110 and/or object 120 to be integrated in BAS 10 be manual to initiate and/or complete.

In discovery or manual integrating process, ESE 20 can get the advanced or low-level information about an object.In one kind In situation, ESE 20 judges that the first newfound object is known object, for example, from common manufacturer or be similar to or One or more known objects being identical in BAS 10.Such judgement is usually by ESE 20 based in part on by being sent out Information provided by existing self-description sex object and make.Therefore, ESE 20 can be obtained or be learnt about the first new discovery The more advanced information of object, and it is automatic and establish more complicated communication with the object with not needing user intervention.In contrast, Two newfound objects may be not familiar with for ESE 20 or be familiar with not as good as first Finding Object, because of the second object It is associated with different vendor, run new version or with some other feature not being included in BAS 10 before this.It is general and Speech, ESE 20 can be communicated with establishing as the object the second new discovery object, but establish the communication of lower level.However, To establish higher level, even basic communication, it may be necessary to which user provides information, and unfamiliar object is added to In BAS 10 or replenish information obtained in discovery procedure.

In addition, visualization of information provided by user needs and is selectively provided to BAS 10, especially ESE 20, with for User provides convenient and realization administrative purposes.For example, in one embodiment, it is set that BAS 10 and ESE 20 also allow user to define The attribute in place, to realize grouping purpose or other purposes.In one embodiment, at least, each place 110 with geographical and class Type attribute is associated, and provides function of search to allow user's search in or groups of place.ESE 20 is preferably suitable for Increase, removal and the general management in entire place 110 in BAS 10.

These and other customization and management role are to be implemented by user by user interface.In general, user interface is Visual display is carried out under the communications assistance of ESE 20 by device 22.The page with network function of the user interface to be linked Form shows 10 information of BAS of the building, place or the space correlation that are managed with BAS 10, wherein the page includes tool There is the interactive form of button and link.Fig. 2 is seen also, device 22 includes web browser 66, and web browser 66 can operate Ground is communicatively coupled to server 64, to load and show user interface.

General information in BAS 10 about space in building generally include the type of equipment in the space, temperature, Set point, the deviation relative to set point and equipment are that positive provide heats or freeze.Dedicated or customization equipment can provide Other information.Certain or all information in the general information for browsing in the user interface.It can also be by starting a button It and is current state by shown information update.It is empty that other buildings can be accessed by the navigation link in user interface Between.It can be according to representative particular terminal device come customized user interface.For example, ESE 20 and user interface can collect and come from The information, the information from self-describing terminal installation, Lai Zicong terminal installation for being supplied to the definition of ESE 20 are read The information of information and information from the terminal installation manually programmed, to form the user interface page.The page can basis Template is formed, wherein adding or removing each element and information according to the information to be collected.

The other states for describing the space include temperature, flow rate, occupancy, mode (heating or refrigeration), set Standby state and outdoor air temperature and humidity.Equipment state refers to the state of particular device in space.Each can individually be treated to set It is standby, a part of subsystem group can also be regarded as.For example, the information about a subsystem group can be directly displayed in In the interface of family, such as to have the form for leading to the link of particular device in the group to be shown.It can be fetched by chain Access the more information about status of equipment.It can also be closed by user's custom data set.Can follow intuitive chain fetch browsing it is other Spatiality and value.In one embodiment, user can update manually the information about BAS 10 by user interface.

Referring now to Fig. 4,5A and 5B, an embodiment of user interface 160 includes homepage 200, can be visited from homepage 200 Ask multiple extra pages.The information being shown on the page that can be accessed by user interface 160 relates generally to certain wider classes Not, such as data point related with the state in space and equipment.Information can also be in a preferential order organized in the page, these pages Show the various alarms triggered by the space and equipment state of deviation preassigned.The information and the page are in BAS 10 It is searched in building feature 228 etc. in one higher level including, for example, with different levels building index or relational directory 230 and one Appearance and one group of navigation options card 202.Catalogue 230 is the catalogue of each page in user interface 160 navigated.Navigation options Card 202 is not that homepage 200 is exclusive, and will generally be provided in most of pages in user interface 160, fast to realize Speed, efficient navigation.Table 202 includes user interface master options card 204, enterprise's alert options card 206, user preference choosing Item card 208 and management options card 210.In other embodiments, according to user's customization capability of user interface 160, homepage 200 It can be according to the wish of user and including increasing, reducing and/or other tabss.Can also have general with display The related other options of behavior of customization and user interface 160.

The totality of the part and user interface 160 that can be accessed by tabs 222,224 and 226 in user interface 160 is led Boat and function are related.When user navigates in user interface 160, master options card 204 provides one and returns to homepage 200 Convenient link.Alert options card 206 corresponds to alarm portion 222, and preference options card 208 corresponds to preferred partial 224, pipe It manages tabs 210 and then corresponds to administrative section 226, these parts will be described in more detail below.By these parts, The page, tabs and user interface 160 are whole, and user can navigate in interface 160, and can be by executing order (often Normal order button or chain by the page fetches starting) BAS 10 is added, edited, classified, customizes and controlled.It opens Moving these buttons just can navigate to user in one or more pages, so that user can execute task simultaneously by the page Realize various customized parameters.The behavior and operation of user's also customizable user interface 160 itself.

Features described above can refer to following instance and be illustrated, and following instance illustrates how to lead user interface 160 It navigates and utilizes user interface customization and control BAS 10.In one embodiment, it is connecting and is completing any desired with BAS 10 After security routine (such as logining, the identification of password entry and identity code), user just enters homepage 200.

Homepage 200 has many other features shared with other pages of user interface 160, including link, operator control panel Data and offer on curtain can be used to customize the interface of BAS 10.As other pages that user is seen, homepage 200 Both including, for example, contents such as building indexes 230, also including, for example, navigational tools such as tabss 202.In the specific reality of index 230 In example, it is shown as being used for the super of the building summary page of building selected by user guiding when the building in 230 will be indexed When grade link, content is integrated in together with navigational tool.Building summary page will be described in greater detail below.

Homepage 200 may include the customized graphics that can be navigated, for example, in figure 5B shown in building map 231, with replace Or it is additional to except the hyperlink of index 230.In different embodiments of the invention, map 231 can be integrated with index 230 Together, be depicted in (as shown in Fig. 5 A and 5B) or can describe from the different pages that homepage 200 is reached by hyperlink In homepage 200 rather than in text index 230.What map 231 can preferably navigate, wherein specific buildings may be selected with quilt in user It is oriented to the page of the building.

Homepage 200 includes a search input field 228, for executing search to building catalogue 230 and its subdirectory.It is logical Cross cooperating for network server 64 and browser 66 and database, the cacheable user couple in interface 160 and the specific page and mesh The access of the interaction of record, and the list 238 of the cache information is provided, to allow users to quickly be back to frequently The page of access.Interface 160 also allows user to introduce the page link customized by the link 242 on homepage 200.It can also Customization link is removed by link 244.

Building index 230 is dynamic extending and custom-made content and navigation characteristic in homepage 200.Index 230 compared with Good mode in a manner of by different level is relatively more intuitive or by being subject to tissue in a manner of user-defined by some other couple of user.Example Such as, user interface 160 acquiescently can alphabet sequence list building.However, with minimal amount information from the user In the case of, user interface 160 can be grouped building by geographical location, such as by ZIP code.User can also pass through regulation Another kind customizes index 230 to arrange the attribute (such as title, term or building number) of building.In school zone In, each building can be arranged by by user-defined type (such as primary school and senior middle school).Then, user can be by clicking directly on Or the link towards the building is clicked after finding building of concern in expansion index list, and be readily determined Building object location simultaneously selects the building.

Alternatively, user can be searched in the database that can search for using Lookup Field (find field) 228 and determine system The position of system building.In one embodiment, if user inputs a search terms or character string in field 228 and finds completely Matched item, then user interface 160 will show the building summary page of the occurrence.Building summary page will below more It is described in detail.

In one embodiment, when the building link in selected catalogue 230 or map 231, user be directed to as Specific building summary page 250 shown in Fig. 7 A.Similar to homepage 200, building summary page 250 includes content and leads Boat tool.Navigational tool includes building information tabs 252.Building information tabs 252 includes: Summary tab 254, link to summary page 250;Alert options card 256;Spaces tab 258;Device option card 260;Subsystem option Card 262;Scheduling option card 264;Data log tab 266;And Advanced Options card 268.These choosings in user interface 160 The information that item card and each tabs are linked to will illustrate in further detail below, but it is generally shown in user interface On multiple pages in 160, these pages include similar content, with provide it is consistent, be easy the format to navigate.Building Information option card 250 is preferably dynamic, based on specific buildings that are being found and/or being available in summary page 250, Or the data and information of the particular space or equipment on the other pages of user interface 160.

In general, the content of building summary page 250 is related to building equipment and building space.Building equipment Include panel related with the operation in building, HVAC unit and other electrical and mechanical systems.Building space is building By the equipment management, control or the room of influence, ground or other regions in object.Both space and equipment are with BAS's 10 Operation is related, and is interested to the user of user interface 160.

Specifically, the content of building summary page 250 and other pages of user interface 160 include that state is crucial Information.Therefore, in one embodiment, the content of summary page 250 includes part 310 and the space abstract part 330 of making a summary of alarming, Rapidly to make event summary and the status items recorded be supplied to user.User interface 160 believes certain state keys Breath is intuitively shown near other relevant or important information.

Referring to Fig. 7 B, alarm abstract part 310 includes report associated with the building on the page 250 for being summarized in Fig. 7 A It is alert.Abstract part 310 provides the table organizational form of the more detailed information about each alarm, this can improve user's evaluation alarm And to the ability that alarm is reacted, these information include alarm severity 312, time of origin 314, type 316, alarm carefully Section 318 and alarm source 320.160. in alarm abstract part 310, relevant device and information can automatic hyperlink to user circle The other parts in face 160.For example, alarm source 320 can hyperlink to issue alarm equipment the device Summary page (for example, Related description referring to Figure 11 A and 11B and hereafter).

Referring to Fig. 7 C, space abstract part 330 includes information related with the space in the building of summary page 250, Allow the user to browsing current set value, browsing current state and operation and link to rapidly about the more detailed of space Information.Space abstract part 330 includes space name 332, device type identifier 334, the space sensed customizable by a user Temperature 336, current spatial temperature set-point 338, calculated deviation 340 and operational mode 342.Calculated deviation 340 is to work as Difference between front space set point 338 and institute's sensing space temperature 336.

In fig. 7 c, 25 between set point and institute's sensing temperature with maximum deviation are listed in abstract part in space Space (in the screenshotss of Fig. 7 A and 7C, and not all 25 spaces can be seen).Degree of deviation meeting relative to set point Guidance user pays attention to the spatiality that most probable needs to pay attention to.User can be by 346 regulation of selection link in space abstract portion Dividing includes more or fewer spaces in 330.In other embodiments of the invention, it is customized according to the user of user interface 160 Feature, user could dictate which particular space summarized in the abstract part 330 of space, rather than include sky according to set point deviation Between.

Referring to Fig. 7 A- Fig. 7 D, the content of the page 250 can be simultaneously comprising static and multidate information related with building.? In one embodiment, static information includes position and the contact information 270 of building.It can also be by static and dynamic information integration in can On the building plan view reached by architectural plan (floor plan) link 272.In fig. 7d, building is built Building plane diagram page 274 includes static buildings layout 276, and in one embodiment, static buildings layout 276 includes dynamic State building space status information.For example, occupied room 278 can be schematically shown as the first color, and it is associated with alarm or Uncomfortable room 280 is registered as in BAS 10 can then be shown as the second color.And state has been modified or uncomfortable Property another room 282 for having been remedied can then be highlighted as another color so that user can determine rapidly related sky Between position and determine current state at a glance.Then, a particular room may be selected, for example to reach a space page, set The standby page or alarm log.

It is contained in summary page 250, the dynamic in architectural plane diagram page 274 and user interface 160 on other pages Information can update in several ways.On the page 250, alarm abstract part 310 and space abstract part 330 include dynamic Information, the multidate information automatically can regularly update or refresh.In one embodiment, BAS 10 and ESE 20 can be every ten minutes Multidate information is updated it is primary, although the frequency refreshed in other embodiments can also be higher or lower or can be by user It is customized in setup parameter.Higher renewal frequency will increase the burden of BAS 10, and therefore in one embodiment, user It can be selected from predefining in the refreshing frequency that will not have an adverse effect to the performance of BAS 10.

Multidate information can be updated as needed.User can refresh 332 starting of alarm link to report by activation one The on-demand refreshing of police's abstract part 310, and the starting of airlink 344 can be refreshed by activation to space abstract part 330 Refresh on demand.Performance, safety and the vital certain priority of integrality run in user interface 160 for BAS 10 Feature (such as alarm) is associated with one automatic dynamic reminding (such as new warning note 324).To make the bandwidth to BAS 10 The influence of performance minimizes, and ESE 20 can provide prompt 314, and reminding user to carry out artificial refresh may be helpful, rather than Alarm abstract part 310 is continually updated when not having more new information.

From summary page 250, user may have access to the more detailed information in the space about selected building.Fig. 8 signal It shows in one embodiment of this invention to property, how user can navigate from summary page 250.From 160 institute of user interface In the summary page 250 of display and other pages, each vertical tabs alarm 256, space 258, equipment 260, subsystem 262, Scheduling 264, data logging 266 and advanced 268 provide quick navigation link.As previously described, user can make a summary from building It navigates in the alarm abstract part 310 and space abstract part 230 of the page 250.For example, from the abstract part 230 of space User can be brought to the space page joined with selected space correlation by selecting a space (332) i.e..It is painted space page in figure 9 a Face example 350.Space page 350 includes a spatiality table 352 (being shown in detail in Fig. 9 B), is listed about involved sky Between information.

In BAS 10, each space can be grouped according to the default rule or customized rule of BAS 10 and fixed Justice, and the information can be shown in the state key letter about equipment or building, space, system or subsystem at a glance Near breath and other important informations.The explanation and Figure 11 A about homepage 200 and building index 230 are seen above together The page 394 shown in the shown page 380 and Figure 12.For example, a nationwide retailer may be selected its shop by geographical or pin It sells region, be grouped by shop type or format, by time zone or by some other feature.BAS 10 can default by geographical position It sets and space is grouped.In one embodiment, current group belonging to the correlation space of the page 350 is arranged to one close to mark The group link 353 of topic " ... Member of ".Group link 353 can also be used for determining that be responsible for one by what or by whom specific Building, space, equipment or system.Link 353 also provides navigation to other group members and information.If being arranged or finding Group information, female information and/or sub-information are provided, show or appeared in the process, then ESE 20 dynamically has found group information. Therefore, user can determine rapidly related group belonging to a space, and by selecting group link 353 to retrieve user circle One provides the page of group's abstract and group's edit capability in face 160.For example, national retailer's editable noted earlier Set point relevant to its all position in a specific time zone, with by the value that entire group is changed on the single page come The advance door opening time of festivals or holidays sale is adapted to, rather than edits the information of each group member respectively.

User also dynamically creates and editor group, because group allocation is not fixed and does not need to be customized volume Journey.It operates application program 70 referring to Fig. 1 and 6, ESE 20 together and finds building 72.By the discovery procedure, ESE 20 is learnt About the building and its panel and the standard attribute of equipment 74.Standard attribute 74 is stored in database 60.It ESE 20 and answers The building index 230 of default can be then worked out according to standard attribute with program 70.As described above, user can pass through user Interface 160 provides custom attributes 75 to ESE 20 and application program 70.Custom attributes are also stored in database 60.Then, it uses Family can provide a customization according to custom attributes 75 or according to the combination of standard attribute 74 and custom attributes 75 at any time Building index 230.If editor updates an attribute 74,75 or finds that new building, ESE 20 can be changed and be applied immediately Line index 230 and related group, for being shown in user interface 160.Further, if it find that common standard attribute or Custom attributes 74,75, ESE 20 dynamically automatically update group and index 230.

User interface 160 can also relay the information about space hold state.Occupancy property indicator is provided on the page 350 354, scheduling indicator 355 and next event indicator 356.The information can help to realize maintenance, scheduling and/or value modification mesh 's.For example, user may be not desired to edit certain set points when a space is occupied, but until the space is no longer occupied Editor.Alternatively, user may wish to determine or update scheduling information relevant to occupancy property.

Scheduling indicator 355 also provides open-and-shut control information for user, for example, equipment be acceptor's scheduling controlling also It is by special scheduling controlling.Master scheduling is that the entity run in BAS 10 (such as building, space, unit, is System and subsystem) main one group of operation characteristic.In one embodiment, master scheduling control basic operation and set point.It can hold The special scheduling of row adapts to limited operation or short-term change, such as the change during festivals or holidays, to be adapted to maintenance or special Event or some other reason.Special scheduling is preferably used for short-term or temporary incident, cover master scheduling to prevent Special scheduling is only enabled unintentionally.Special scheduling also provide it is a kind of it is not necessary to modify master schedulings can be to momentary event or thing The approach being scheduled.Next event indicator 356 provides the brief scheduling preview to next event scheduled in equipment. Group member, occupancy property, control and event information are tightly against each other provided on the page 350 and allow users to rapid determination Status information that is current and will occurring, and the multiple pages of nonessential access or navigated and can just find information needed.

Referring to Fig. 9 A and Fig. 9 B, space table 352 includes a space condition portion 358 and system mode part 359. Space table 352 thus includes may be very crucial for state and to the space page for accessing user interface 160 first Most important information for 350 user.Space table 352 keeps space condition portion 358 and system status portion 359 mutually tight It is shown by ground, to allow users to rapid evaluation system situation, access other information and editor's set point when needed.

In one embodiment, space condition portion 358 include available space situation 360, currently sensed situation 362, New value field 364 and data logging selector 366.System status part 359 includes similar information.The shape currently sensed Condition 362 may include temperature, humidity and other real-time sensing values.In one embodiment, space table 352 includes the temperature sensed in real time Angle value simultaneously shows currently active set point.User can input desired value in corresponding new value field 364 and pass through select button 368 come indicate BAS 10 apply the new value, thus easily and conveniently modified in user interface 160 it is desired heating or Cryogenic temperature set point.It without the system of interrupting or updates, BAS 10 can be included in the update immediately.

About data logging selector 366, user using " setting data logging " sequence to data collection mode into Row customization.Correspond to the daily record data frame 316 and one setting data logging button 326 of activation of particular device, user by checking Data collection intervals can be set and adjust the time cycle of data collection.User can and a non-selection date range as data The time cycle of collection, but selection fixed quantity sample.The example of a data logging sequence is painted in Figure 10.

A device Summary page 380 is painted in Figure 11 A.Building summary page 250 similarly as described above and space Summary page 350, when user selects device option card 260 or navigates in user interface 160 in other ways, Ji Kefang Ask the page relevant to particular device in user interface 160.It is plucked similar to above with respect to from the space of building summary page 250 It wants to select a space in part 330 to navigate to described in this part of space abstract page 350, when the alarm from Fig. 7 A and Fig. 7 B It, also can be by the one device Summary page 380 of user guiding when selecting an alarm source (320) in abstract part 310.The skill of fields Art personnel will be understood that usually there are several modes for navigating to any given page in user interface 160;To define user circle Total body tissue, layout and the process of one embodiment in face 160, are described herein certain guidance paths.

On the page 380, various available devices classifications occur below tabs 260 in the form of subtitle 382, such as " Chiller (cooler) ", " Air Handler (air regulator) " and " Programmable Controller (can be compiled Range controller) ".Select desired subtitle 382 will be by the specific unit list in each classification of user guiding, Cong Zhongke A particular device unit is selected to show the equipment state page.

If front is referring to as described in Fig. 9 A and Fig. 9 B, current shape is shown on the page 380 in equipment state abstract part 384 State value and set point and group data 353,354 and the link 386 towards the other information about the equipment.For example, equipment Status page 340 is related to cooler.Referring to Figure 11 A and Figure 11 B, cooler State Summary part 384 is divided into cooler shape Condition part 388 and status sections 390, and list static state and real-time dynamic information about the specific cooler, such as the cooling The current value 392 of the various aspects of device state and performance.Being painted in Figure 11 C can be set by what equipment graphical link 386 reached Standby graphical page 381.Equipment graphical page 381 is also comprising about particular device and system associated with the equipment and sky Between related static and motion graphics and text.

In addition, also providing the page and link similarly as described above for the equipment of other classifications in BAS 10.In Figure 11 A In, it is to be painted cooler status page 380, but also including, for example, other equipment such as air regulator in user interface 160 Other status pages.The example of an air regulator status page 394 of user interface 160 is painted in Figure 12.It can also be to BAS The 10 any other equipment for controlling or managing use the similar status page customized of institute in user interface 160.For example, with The replaceable certain new values in family, set point as elucidated before, heating/refrigeration mould including the programmable device controlled of BAS 10 Formula and outlet air temperature.BAS 10 can receive newly to be worth at a gallop, without updating code, restarting system or with certain Kind other way is interrupted or the normal activity of tentative BAS 10.

Referring briefly back to Fig. 7 A, subsystems tab 262, which provides, leads to the chain of each section and the page in user interface 160 It connects, described each section and the page show information related with the device systems of BAS 10 and subsystem.For example, Figure 13 A- Figure 13 C It is painted subsystem summary page example 400 related with cooler arrangement in user interface 160.Although the page 400 is specifically related to Cooler arrangement, however the equipment in this example is optional, and in user interface 160 and BAS 10, the page 400 General characteristics are generally relevant to practical any device systems or subsystem.Different values and information will be relevant to different equipment System;Therefore, 3A- Figure 13 C is depicted referring to Fig.1 and the particular instance of description in certain variations in other device systems pages On also will be present.If front is referring to as described in other pages of user interface 160, the page 400 includes related with equipment subsystem State table, including subsystem state part 402.Subsystem summary page 400 also includes equipment state part 404.

To simplify the shown information about complication system and subsystem, the displaying format customization screen in user interface 160 And the page (such as page 400).The initial data shown by the intuitive page 400 of user and letter are not edited and are customized to Breath may make one to be at a loss, therefore not be suitable for general user.However, user browse state key can believe from the page 400 It ceases and accesses the more detailed data and information about complication system and subsystem as needed.

Subsystem state part 402 shown in Figure 13 A and 13B includes the information about cooler arrangement, and cooler is set Standby is one or more chiller units as group's operation.The information include and cooler arrangement situation and current operational information 408 related current statics and dynamic value 406.Quiescent value 406 is, for example, current set point, and the dynamic value 406 in table 362 It is then return water or supply water temperature.Operation information 408 provides scheduling and maintenance information and user's control feature.For the page 400 Cooler arrangement, can to cooler revolving speed 410, increase by 412, reduce and 414 be scheduled, wherein current scheduling 416 is shown in On the page 400.By and large, its in relationship, time and/or BAS 10 in BAS 10 between each object is defined in scheduling meeting Its object.In one embodiment of this invention, user can define or modify scheduling related with object.User can also pass through the page 400 or by other pages of user interface 160, as needed or expectation and manually perform or force to carry out revolving speed setting, increasing Add deduct few cooler.In addition, also providing basic running state information.

The page 400 also shows equipment state part 404, this includes the device identifier link 418 of each cooler, such as schemes Shown in 13A and Figure 13 C.Identifier link 418 can be customized title or obtain in discovery or integrating process Default system value.In the example of the page 400, by three coolers of BAS 10 be identified as Chiller (cooler) 1, Chiller 2 and Chiller 3.These device identifiers by the other parts of hyperlink (418) to user interface 160 and The page.For listed cooler in the equipment state part 404 of the page 400, device identifier link 418 guides user Return the device page (DPAGE) 380 of each independent cooler (referring to Figure 13 A).User can also be manually controlled selected by status sections 404 The value and setting value of cooler, for example, by select button or link 420, label selector field 422, from drop-down menu 424 It is selected or by other information editor or import pathway.For the cooler arrangement of the page 400, user can be using new value 426, start a failure reset 428 or the specific cooler in the cooler arrangement is enable to be used or unavailable 430.

To other equipment subsystems of BAS 10, such as heat pump circuit and variable air subsystem, also provide similar each The group page.The page of these equipment subsystems is also configured to the Proprietary Information of display particular subsystem.For example, such as Figure 14 institute Show, the variable air page 440 includes the list information 442 for being identified and being classified according to customized information 444.In this reality In example, information is classified by personnel's name.Personnel can be maintenance or the administrative staff for being responsible for a space in one aspect, or Person, the personnel can join with the space correlation in the other type, such as by tangible office or working space distribution condition.Cause This, user can be using known relevance, identifier and reference marker come customized web page 440 and other pages, to make BAS 10 are easier to understand and are managed by user interface 160.

Explanation to the above-mentioned specific page and describing elaborates BAS 10, particularly user interface 160 by way of example Gross function and operation provide a context, according to an embodiment, can understand in the context hereafter to user interface 160 explanations carried out.As previously described, user interface 160 provides various user's customizations and controlling feature.By display space and Link on the page of facility information, user can change set point, control data record and create customized web page.

Management links 210 for the administrative section 226 of user guiding user interface 160, in one embodiment, administrative section 226 are organized into the page shown in figure 15 comprising a series of.The administrative section 226 of user interface 160 provides the management to BAS 10 Customization and control, this, which is related generally to, increases as previously described or removes data shown on each device page (DPAGE), management system Ability, installation new building, management alarm routing and the browsing system task of user.

In one embodiment, BAS 10 provides user's access of more than one level.High-level user can be used by management The Ministry of Revenue divides 226A and manages the access level for granting other users in administrative section 226.Also other user management choosings may be present ?.It can be logined by user, password and/or other user's identification process are come the access of control hierarchy time.User is usually its duty Duty is usually directed to monitoring or controls the personnel of BAS 10, without participating in programming or updating software code.High-level use Family or management user are then usually the user generally to system control function and customization function with higher level access right.Example Such as, it can be provided for management user and login code, to authorize it to access the page that general user cannot access.Although have it is such more High access right, however as general user, it is contemplated that management user, which is generally also not involved in, to reprogram or updates Come customized user interface 160 or BAS 10.According to the management access level of user, the administrative section 226 of user interface 160 can be whole A ground or partly for users to use.The administrative section 226 of user interface 160 also includes following function: installation building 226B, Management alarm routing 226C, browsing system task 226D, and execute advanced tasks 226E, such as configuration system parameter, creation and The page that management custom attributes, creation dispatch list and customization can browse in user interface 160.

Figure 16 is painted building installation page instance 518.The dynamic extensibility of BAS 10 is able to achieve to new building Or regular discovery, increase or the upload of panel.The page 518 includes the progress and shape for carrying out each building of installation process Polymorphic segment 519, it includes about the information of communications status between ESE 20 and new building (or panel) and institute's loading surface plate Quantity beyond panel sum.

User is also browsable and management system task 226D.Advanced tasks 226E is shown in greater detail in Figure 17.It is advanced Task 226E includes that the custom-built system page 502, the custom attributes 504 for managing building, management alarm setting value 506 and management are adjusted Spend application setting value 508.

The custom-built system page 502 is simultaneously comprising content and layout control option.Referring to Figure 18, the system customization page 510 is wrapped Containing user's selectivity option for customizing display of the building in the index on homepage 200.User can be by needed for selection The index level 512 of quantity simultaneously assigns the general and particular packet attribute 514,516 of respective numbers to implement to customize.Work as use When one index level, building is grouped according to a general property.And when using two index levels, then one As building is grouped by specific properties in attribute.Packet attributes 514,516 are to index with each building in building Display and arrangement in 230 is related (referring to Fig. 5 A), and for example in the form of group link 353 (referring to Fig. 9 A).Index level Quantity determine special and general property how to influence index 230 arrangement and appearance.And when without index level, implement one In example, owned building is alphabetically shown in index all in accordance with BAS 10 and the default setting of user interface 160 together In 230.

Other page customizations are related to the link that can have on homepage 200 and increase or the removing device page and equipment Shown data on subsystem page.Referring to Figure 19, it is painted a customization system page face 520.The page 520 is more particularly to increase Or the data (for example, see above-mentioned Figure 11 A, 12 and 13A) to show in equipment or subsystem page are removed, but its format is only It is the data for illustrating and being substantially relevant to increase or remove on homepage 200 or on other pages of user interface 160.User is first Equipment or the subsystem data to be customized first are selected in 522.Then, user is directed to a table, which shows that this sets Standby or subsystem all currently displayed data points and default show setting value, such as institute on the page 534 in Figure 20 Display.User can be customized display and selecting in selecting table 526 as needed or cancelling data point.

User can also be increased and introducing and removing customization and link to homepage 200 and to other pages of user interface 160 Add or remove link.Increased customization link can lead to other pages of user interface 160, or can also be internal links. The increased link of institute can also be external linkage, such as towards Webpage or internet web page.User may want to link to can News or weather web site publicly available on the internet.User can also link to the private page or information.For example, if BAS 10 is related to campus, then user can link to internal campus incident calendar or information page, such as employee and all religions Member's catalogue.Customization link can be increased in the page of user interface 160, management BAS is deemed helpful in actually integrated user 10 any information.

Therefore, user interface 160, which provides, be condensed into user can by interface 160 only comprising chain relevant to user task The mode connect.In addition, in one embodiment, BAS 10 allows each user at interface 160 to be customized according to its preference and task The page and link.Therefore, it is responsible for the customized user interface of different task or the user creatable their own with different responsibilities 160.BAS 10 customize by saving these and (such as by the login routine) offer that makes that it is associated with user identifier and Load correct customized user interface 160.In another embodiment, only management user can Custom Interface in this manner 160, thus only single user interface 160 is provided for the user of index bed.

One can be related to the custom attributes 504 of building by the associated custom function that advanced tasks 226E is accessed.Referring to Figure 20, certain producing building object attribute management page 530 allows users to create and management BAS 10 is currently managed and needs It was found that building custom attributes.In one embodiment, using the attribute 532 of four seed types.The attribute of first seed type There are two types of options for 534 tools;Define two values for needing to carry out the mutual exclusion of selection.Second Type 536 is fixed list, wherein from Selection is carried out in the list or with hand input options.Third type 538 is open-ended list, for that can be mended by user The initial list filled.4th type 540 is free form value, is unique value of the building of user creatable.Work as creation When customizing building attribute, user can assign default value of the new attribute as all new discovery buildings, and also may be selected should Attribute is come for customizing the index of the building on homepage 200.

2A-B referring to fig. 2, BAS management and control an importance be efficiently receive and processing system alarm 506. An embodiment according to the present invention can be customized the management and response of alarm in BAS 10 by user, this is generally by alarm Tabs 206 (for example, see Fig. 5 A) carries out.

Figure 23 shows the navigation according to an embodiment in user interface 160 to alarm map page.Alert options card 256 With an image priority sub-tab 257, it is used for the one alarming and managing page 550 of user guiding, such as institute in Figure 22 A-B The page shown, user can on this page Selection Floater type 552, browse different type panel list 553 and according to face Plate priority carrys out image alarm priority 554.The page 550 also allows users to increase new panel type 556, such as Figure 24 institute Show.

It is that panel assigns priority level that alarm image, which refers to according to panel type,.In one embodiment, user could dictate that It is assigned to the alarm priority of system panel Yu the still not found panel of system.By alarming for still not found panel assignment Priority, user interface 160 allow users to how control builds in the case where increasing panel or building to BAS in future The dynamic extensibility of BAS 10.

BAS 10 can generate alarm in a variety of situations, such as when temperature deviation being recorded and relative to predetermined set-points When there are other deviations.In one embodiment, user can be customized the alert process of BAS 10.For example, alert notice can It is automatically sent to one or more specified Emails or text message account.BAS 10 can also send automatically audible notification or its Its text and visual notice, such as be sent to beeper, mobile phone, network broadcast message etc..In user interface 160, In addition to email message, the alarm of table or tabular form can be also shown in building summary page, or with such report It is alert to replace email message.

226C is routed according to alarm, certain panel types that user can also may be found that in the future for ESE 20 deliver electronics postal Part notice.Can by make it is each alarm attribute it is corresponding with one or more specific email recipients come customize alarm routing and Display.Alarm attribute can be related to type of alarm, time of fire alarming, alarm trigger event, alert locations, generation or repeat multiple reports Alert, alarm pattern or a certain other feature or feature combination.Therefore, in one example, can be specified in BAS 10 in BAS 10 The alert notice of each alarm relevant to the building is received at one place as the user of the manager of specific buildings.? In another example, each member in place manager and the electrical service employee of building may specify to receive and the building The relevant alert notice of electric fault.In a further example, user can each day according to the daily period or weekly determine Make different alert notice recipient and format.It is generally directly interacted by device 22 with user interface 160 in user It could dictate that table is carried out in building summary page to be shown daytime.After several hours, using Email and/or biography It calls through and knows to replace or compensate the alert notice in user interface 160.

The panel that can also be will be seen that by ESE 20 customizes alert process and priority in advance.It can be not according to user preference The panel assignment alarm priority status come.User can be according to known today in specific buildings or any face that will be found Plate assigns general alarm priority or response.Alarm priority can also be assigned according to panels feature.If hereafter discovery tool There is the panel of a certain feature, then BAS 10 can assign automatically priority or processing alarm according to the feature selected by user.

In another embodiment, BAS 10 can be acquiescently by being associated to newfound panel the same as or similar to known System panel simultaneously assigns the similar characteristics of management, to assign priority and management alarm.For example, user passes through one response of regulation Program customizes the alert process of particular panel.In the future, if BAS 10 has found new panel and if the newfound panel Be set response panel have common feature, then BAS 10 can there is no it is related with new discovery panel instruction or The alarm of new discovery panel is similarly processed in the case where customization.

Therefore, the present invention provide it is related with user interface 160 it is various can be by customized management tool, with raising The efficiency and operability of BAS 10.The implementable present invention is other concrete forms, this is without departing from essential attributes of the present invention Spirit;Therefore, illustrated embodiment should all be considered as illustrative and non-limiting in any way, indicate the scope of the present invention When, it should refer to appended claim and reference should not be made to be described above.

Claims (42)

1. a kind of building automation system, includes:
Server engine includes:
General and durable processor-based control system has the front end for not distinguishing communication protocol, described to have not area The front end of point communication protocol is used to operationally supporting from any building or far from building central location pair Air-conditioning system and other subsystems in one or more buildings are managed and network, so as to user's access;
It is logical to be established with multiple terminal installations for building the device of the dynamic extensibility capability of the building automation system Believe and control the multiple terminal installation, the multiple terminal installation is associated at least one or more buildings respectively;
For building the device for automatically configuring ability of the building automation system, for supporting by determining each terminal At least one feature of device and to the multiple terminal installation increase terminal installation;
Graphic user interface under communications assistance, the graphic user interface include to constitute building automation system at least one The summary page of the building divided, the summary page includes:
At least one can navigation link, link to another part of the graphic user interface;
Static building information part;And
Dynamic building information part, it includes:
Alarm list it includes static information related with the one or more alarms of existence or non-existence in the building and moves State information, wherein the alarm list can be configured to according to severity or timestamps ordering by the user to present State multiple alarms;And
Space list, it includes the static information and multidate information about multiple spaces related with the building, wherein institute The static information for stating space list includes an at least equipment setpoint, and the multidate information of the space list includes An at least observation state related with the set point,
Wherein, the space list is defined as automatically showing in the multiple space related with the building at least One space and non-display the multiple space all related with the building, and at least one described space is described With the space of maximum deviation between set point and the observation state.
2. building automation system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that it is described at least one can navigation link include The graphic user interface navigation options card of at least one other page in the graphic user interface is linked to respectively.
3. building automation system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the graphic user interface navigation options card Comprising selected from by least one tabs in following composed set: Summary tab, alert options card, space option Card, device option card, subsystems tab, scheduling option card, data log tab and management options card.
4. building automation system as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that the institute of the alarm list Stating static and multidate information includes selected from by least one of following composed set: alarm severity, time of fire alarming Stamp, type of alarm, alarm source and alarm detail.
5. building automation system as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the time of fire alarming stamp is timely comprising the date Between.
6. building automation system as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the alarm detail includes alarm diagnosis.
7. building automation system as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that the institute of the alarm list State static and multidate information include link at least one other page in the graphic user interface can navigation link.
8. building automation system as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that the equipment setpoint packet Containing temperature set-point, and wherein, the observation state includes measured temperature.
9. building automation system as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that the institute about multiple spaces It states static and multidate information to further include selected from by least one of following composed set: space name, equipment class Type is relevant to the deviation and mode of the set point and the observation state.
10. building automation system as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that the static buildings letter Breath part is comprising selected from by least one of following composed set: building name builds object location, building contact Mode and at least part of graphical representation of the building.
11. building automation system as claimed in claim 10, it is characterised in that the graphical representation is by linking to State another page in graphic user interface can navigation link provide.
12. building automation system as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that the static buildings letter At least one of breath part and the dynamic building information part further include user-defined information.
13. building automation system as claimed in claim 12, it is characterised in that the user-defined information includes to connect Be connected to the customized graphics user interface page can navigation link.
14. a kind of building automation system, includes:
Server engine includes:
General and durable processor-based control system has the front end for not distinguishing communication protocol, described to have not area The front end of point communication protocol is used to operationally supporting from any building or far from building central location pair Air-conditioning system and other subsystems in one or more buildings are managed and network, so as to user's access;
It is logical to be established with multiple terminal installations for constructing the device of dynamic extensibility capability for the building automation system Believe and control the multiple terminal installation, the multiple terminal installation is associated at least one or more buildings respectively;
For automatically configuring the device of ability for building automation system building, for by determining each terminal installation At least one feature and support to the multiple terminal installation increase terminal installation;
Graphic user interface under communications assistance, the graphic user interface includes:
Space abstract page indicates at least part of space comprising the building automation system, the space abstract The page includes:
At least one can navigation link, link to another part of the graphic user interface;
Space information portion, it includes between the space and at least one other element of the building automation system At least one representation of relationship in building automation system;And
Space status portion, it includes:
Space condition portion, it includes the information that static, dynamic related with the space and user can define;And
System status portion, it includes the static state, dynamic and user Ke Ding about at least one system related with the space The information of justice;And
Building summary page indicates at least part of building comprising the building automation system, described
Building summary page includes:
At least one can navigation link, link to another part of the graphic user interface;
Static building information part;And
Dynamic building information part, it includes:
Alarm list, it includes in the building presence or absence of single alarm or the related static information of multiple alarms And multidate information, wherein the alarm list can be configured to according to severity or timestamps ordering by the user to be in Existing the multiple alarm;And
Space list, it includes the static informations and multidate information about multiple spaces related with the building;
Wherein, the static information of the space list includes an at least equipment setpoint, and the space list is described Multidate information includes an at least observation state related with the set point;
Wherein, the space list is defined as automatically showing in the multiple space related with the building at least One space and non-display the multiple space all related with the building, and at least one portion space is described With the space of maximum deviation between set point and the observation state.
15. building automation system as claimed in claim 14, it is characterised in that the building in the space is automatic Relationship includes the membership for group in the space in change system.
16. the building automation system as described in claims 14 or 15, it is characterised in that the building automation system Another element include selected from by it is following it is composed set at least one of: building, campus, space, system, son System and terminal installation.
17. the building automation system as described in claims 14 or 15, it is characterised in that the space information portion is into one Occupied state of the step comprising the space, the control scheduling in the space and the next event in the space.
18. building automation system as claimed in claim 17, it is characterised in that the next event packet in the space Containing event indicator and event time schedule.
19. building automation system as claimed in claim 15, it is characterised in that the group member in the space provides What lattice were shown as linking to another page of the graphic user interface can navigation link.
20. the building automation system as described in claims 14 or 15, it is characterised in that the space condition portion includes Select at least one of set composed by Free-air Temperature and equipment setpoint.
21. building automation system as claimed in claim 20, it is characterised in that the information that the user can define includes Equipment setpoint.
22. the building automation system as described in claims 14 or 15, it is characterised in that the space condition portion and institute Stating the information that the user of system status portion at least one of them can define includes data logging request symbol.
23. the building automation system as described in claims 14 or 15, it is characterised in that the system status portion includes At least one terminal installation associated with the system.
24. the building automation system as described in claims 14 or 15, it is characterised in that at least one described chain that can navigate Connect the graphic user interface navigation options card comprising being respectively connected at least one other page in the graphic user interface.
25. building automation system as claimed in claim 24, it is characterised in that the graphic user interface navigation options Card is comprising selected from by least one tabs in following composed set: Summary tab, alert options card, space option Card, device option card, subsystems tab, scheduling option card, data log tab and management options card.
26. building automation system as claimed in claim 14, it is characterised in that the graphic user interface also includes to set Standby summary page, the device Summary page includes:
At least one can navigation link, link to another part of the graphic user interface;
Facility information part, it includes building between the equipment and at least one other element of the building automation system Build at least one representation of relationship in object automated system;And
Equipment state part, it includes:
Status of equipment part, it includes the information that the static state, dynamic and user with the device-dependent can define;And
Equipment state part, it includes the running state informations that the static state, dynamic and user about the equipment can define.
27. building automation system as claimed in claim 26, it is characterised in that the equipment is selected from by following group At set in device:
Panel, sensor, controller, the device controlled by microprocessor, converter, self-operated thermostatic controller, furnace, heating system System, cooler, refrigeration system, air conditioner, air filter, air purifier, fire prevention and life safety system, security system, Alarm system, occupancy property sensor, electrical system monitor and controller, lighting system monitors and controller, ventilating system Monitor and controller, smoke detectors, optical sensor, motion sensor, humidity sensor, pump, air processor, fluid and Air is mobile and haulage equipment, terminal installation, life science and pharmacology control equipment and monitoring system, and positive pressure purification room is born Press clean room, industrial automation and control equipment and system and programmable logic controller (PLC).
28. the building automation system as described in claim 26 or 27, it is characterised in that the building of the equipment Relationship includes the membership for group of the equipment in automated system.
29. building automation system as claimed in claim 28, it is characterised in that the institute of the building automation system Stating another element includes selected from by least one of following composed set: building, campus, space, system, subsystem System and terminal installation.
30. building automation system as claimed in claim 28, it is characterised in that further wrap the facility information part The control scheduling of occupied state, the equipment containing the equipment and the next event of the equipment.
31. building automation system as claimed in claim 30, it is characterised in that the next event packet of the equipment Containing event indicator and event time schedule.
32. building automation system as claimed in claim 28, it is characterised in that the group member of the equipment provides What lattice were shown as linking to another page of the graphic user interface can navigation link.
33. the building automation system as described in claim 26 or 27, it is characterised in that the status of equipment part includes Selected from least one of following composed set: temperature, output state, input state, pressure, flow regime, equipment group Part state and set point.
34. building automation system as claimed in claim 33, it is characterised in that the apparatus assembly state is relevant to end At least part of end device, the terminal installation are selected from by following composed set:
Panel, sensor, controller, the device controlled by microprocessor, converter, self-operated thermostatic controller, furnace, heating system System, cooler, refrigeration system, air conditioner, air filter, air purifier, fire prevention and life safety system, security system, Alarm system, occupancy property sensor, electrical system monitor and controller, lighting system monitors and controller, ventilating system Monitor and controller, smoke detectors, optical sensor, motion sensor, humidity sensor, pump, air processor, fluid and Air is mobile and haulage equipment, terminal installation, life science and pharmacology control equipment and monitoring system, and positive pressure purification room is born Press clean room, industrial automation and control equipment and system and programmable logic controller (PLC).
35. building automation system as claimed in claim 34, it is characterised in that wrap the part of the terminal installation Containing pump, pipeline, condenser, fan or air door.
36. building automation system as claimed in claim 33, it is characterised in that the information that the user can define includes Equipment setpoint.
37. the building automation system as described in claim 26 or 27, it is characterised in that the status of equipment part and institute Stating the information that the user of equipment state part at least one of them can define includes data logging request symbol.
38. the building automation system as described in claim 26 or 27, it is characterised in that the running state information includes Dynamic measurement related with apparatus assembly.
39. the building automation system as described in claim 26 or 27, it is characterised in that at least one described chain that can navigate Connect the graphic user interface navigation options card comprising being respectively connected at least one other page in the graphic user interface.
40. building automation system as claimed in claim 39, it is characterised in that the graphic user interface navigation options Card is comprising selected from by least one tabs in following composed set: Summary tab, alert options card, space option Card, device option card, subsystems tab, scheduling option card, data log tab and management options card.
41. building automation system as claimed in claim 26, it is characterised in that the equipment includes cooler arrangement, and Wherein the equipment state part includes at least one cooler of the cooler arrangement.
42. building automation system as claimed in claim 41, it is characterised in that at least one described cooler is shown For link to the graphic user interface the cooler page can navigation link.
CN201610398834.1A 2005-08-22 2006-08-17 Convenient for customized building automation system CN106054626B (en)

Priority Applications (21)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/208,773 2005-08-22
US11/208,773 US8050801B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-08-22 Dynamically extensible and automatically configurable building automation system and architecture
US11/316,698 US8055387B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system data management
US11/316,703 2005-12-22
US11/316,699 2005-12-22
US11/316,702 US8024054B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system facilitating user customization
US11/316,410 US8290627B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Dynamically extensible and automatically configurable building automation system and architecture
US11/316,699 US7904186B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system facilitating user customization
US11/316,687 2005-12-22
US11/316,697 US8055386B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system data management
US11/316,703 US7917232B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system data management
US11/316,410 2005-12-22
US11/316,698 2005-12-22
US11/316,695 2005-12-22
US11/316,695 US7870090B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system date management
US11/316,687 US8099178B2 (en) 2005-08-22 2005-12-22 Building automation system facilitating user customization
US11/316,702 2005-12-22
US11/316,697 2005-12-22
USPCT/US2006/31863 2006-08-15
PCT/US2006/031863 WO2007024573A2 (en) 2005-08-22 2006-08-15 Dynamically extensible and automatically configurable building automation system and architecture
CNA200680039349XA CN101589351A (en) 2005-08-22 2006-08-17 Building automation system facilitating user customization

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