CN106052418A - On-off switchable air cooling and water cooling composite cooling tower for air cooling radiator and operation mode - Google Patents

On-off switchable air cooling and water cooling composite cooling tower for air cooling radiator and operation mode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106052418A
CN106052418A CN201610489894.4A CN201610489894A CN106052418A CN 106052418 A CN106052418 A CN 106052418A CN 201610489894 A CN201610489894 A CN 201610489894A CN 106052418 A CN106052418 A CN 106052418A
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China
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water
cooling
air
air cooling
heat radiator
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CN201610489894.4A
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CN106052418B (en
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徐宝安
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Zibo Huanneng Haichen Env Prot Tech Services Co Ltd
Zibo Huanneng Haichen Environmental Protection Technology Services Co Ltd
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Zibo Huanneng Haichen Env Prot Tech Services Co Ltd
Zibo Huanneng Haichen Environmental Protection Technology Services Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610489894.4A priority Critical patent/CN106052418B/en
Publication of CN106052418A publication Critical patent/CN106052418A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C1/00Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers
    • F28C1/14Direct-contact trickle coolers, e.g. cooling towers comprising also a non-direct contact heat exchange
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F27/00Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus
    • F28F27/02Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus for controlling the distribution of heat-exchange media between different channels

Abstract

The invention provides an on-off switchable air cooling and water cooling composite cooling tower for an air cooling radiator and an operation mode. The composite cooling tower combines the advantages of a cooling tower, a closed cooling tower and an air cooling tower; when water is cooled by the cooling tower, heat exchange between the water and air is sufficiently utilized, thereby increasing the air humidity and improving the heat absorption capacity; and by utilization of the characteristic that the air dry-bulb temperature is reduced, the air cooling radiator is cooled. According to the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of a conventional air cooling radiator, the air cooling radiator of which the operation state can be automatically adjusted according to the environmental climate conditions as well as the inlet and outlet temperature of a to-be-cooled fluid is provided by the invention; when the temperature and humidity of the external environment or the inlet and outlet temperature of the to-be-cooled fluid is changed, the water flow rates and the air supply rates of atomizing nozzles and spraying nozzles are respectively controlled by an automatic control system; the operation mode of the provided air cooling radiator is automatically adjusted, so that the provided air cooling radiator can remain in the most economical operation mode; and accordingly, compared with the conventional air cooling radiator, the provided air cooling radiator further saves water and electricity, and is better in economy.

Description

The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation
Technical field
The present invention relates to cooling tower, belong to chiller application.
Background technology
At present, known cooling tower mainly includes cold water formula, air-cooled type, air cooling cold water combined type and closed loop evaporation The four principal foums such as formula.These four cooling tower has again natural convection ventilation cooling tower and mechanical-draft cooling tower.Due to cooling Tower is mainly affected by air's wet bulb temperature, is to dispel the heat by evaporation of water and conduction, and therefore it is the biggest to the consumption of water. And air cooling compressor is to utilize conduction to make air heat absorption realize heat radiation, mainly affected by air dry-bulb temperature.Due to air Dry-bulb temperature is higher, and specific heat is little, and heat absorption capacity is limited, and cooling effectiveness is low, accordingly, it would be desirable to air cooling heat radiator has the biggest surface Long-pending so that air cooling heat radiator cost is high.For making up the shortcoming of dry-type air cooler, occur in that dry and wet combines air cooler, The working mechanism of dry and wet associating air cooler is atomized water spraying at air intake, makes intake air humidifying cooling, after humidification Cryogenic air remove the water droplet carried secretly, more horizontal heat exchange coil of plunderring through water-stop sheet, thus increase inlet air temp and hot fluid The temperature difference between outlet temperature to conduct heat outside enhanced tube.Residue after dry and wet associating air cooler water evaporation can be attached to wing Sheet pipe root, causes heat exchange coil fouling, can affect the heat transfer effect of tube bank after using a period of time.Existing air cooler without Method is adjusted according to the temperature of outside climatic condition and fluid to be cooled, at transition season or cold season, air cooler Also full load operation, waste electric energy and water resource.Existing closed cooling tower uses shower water outside heat exchanger tube, by pipe The evaporation endothermic of outer surface moisture film cools down tube fluid, but existing closed cooling tower cannot be according to outside climatic condition with treat cold But the temperature of fluid is adjusted, at transition season, and cooler also full load operation, waste electric energy and water resource.
And at first patent of invention " air cooled water composite cooling tower " application number CN02131789.5 Authorization Notice No. Although CN100412490 solves many problems of current cooling tower, but, still suffer from following problem: in spring, autumn, due to Circulation is open system, accordingly, there exist circulation aquatic algae, fouling, generation foundry loam, has a strong impact on cooler heat exchange effect Rate, and there is the problem that water circulating pump power consumption is serious.And if use simple closed air cooling system, then can not meet following The requirement of ring water cooling effect.This defect so that formerly invention exists can not meet annual cooling operating mode to cooling effect Requirement.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide for one " air cooling heat radiator opening and closing changeable air cooling cold water combined type Cooling tower ", it is that existing closed cooling tower is carried out technological improvement, and it can make up earlier patent application completely, and " air cooling is cool Water Complex-cooling tower " deficiency, it is achieved the optimization to whole system.Realization can be according to ambient temperature, humidity, fluid to be cooled Initial temperature and final cooling temperature change the operational mode of cooler, in order to reach cooler performance driving economy optimization, fall The consumption of low electric energy and the consumption of water resource.Making cooling tower systems more economize on water, more energy-efficient, the reliability of system is more High so that rate of return on investment is substantially improved.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and operation Mode, including cooling tower cylinder, water distribution water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiator, charge for remittance water-distributing device, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, corrugated plating Water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, water circulating pump, thermic load heat exchanger, bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, automaton, catchment Pond, water-in and water-out pipeline.Corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder, and spray cloth Lower wind direction on the lower wind direction of water device, or the water water collection device that wafts, is provided with and is fixed on support, multiple air cool down Unit connects the air cooling heat radiator of composition.
Each other, the air cooling unit of air cooling heat radiator, with cooling tower cylinder for the air cooling unit of air cooling heat radiator Without cooling wind short-circuit leakage passage between body wall.It is uniformly distributed and is mounted on and natural convection ventilation cooling tower load bearing support, On the air cooling heat radiator support connected.
In the upwind of air cooling heat radiator, it is provided with and bypasses the spraying and sprinkling evaporation device that Sprayer Circulation water pump is connected.Bypass spray Drench water circulating pump and humidify recirculated water from collecting-tank extraction bypass, by pipe control valve member, be connected with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle is controlled by automaton.
Or the upwind at air cooling heat radiator, it is provided with and bypasses another road individual spray humidification that Sprayer Circulation water pump is connected System.Bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump is from ad hoc tank extraction bypass humidification recirculated water, by independent pipe control valve group Part, is connected with ad hoc nozzle matrix, the distribution of ad hoc nozzle matrix, is equal to the distribution that arranges of original spraying and sprinkling evaporation device. By the nozzle of another road individual spray humidification system, spray to from corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer.It is formed at nature The bottom enclosure interior of ventilation by forced draft cooling tower cylinder, is followed successively by water distribution water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiator, charge for remittance cloth from the top down Water device, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, packing layer load bearing support, air intake distribute cavity volume, catchment The cooling stack framework in pond.
Or it is formed at the bottom enclosure interior of natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder, it is followed successively by water distribution water distribution dress from the top down Put, air cooling heat radiator, charge for remittance water-distributing device, the water water collection device that wafts, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, Packing layer load bearing support, air intake distribution cavity volume, the cooling stack framework of collecting-tank.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing, is divided into three kinds of operational modes:
The first: for the open operational mode of air cooling heat radiator direct fountain cooling circulation, this pattern is summer operation mould Formula:
Cooling circulating water inlet channel mother manages, and is arranged at the water distribution water-distributing device of top layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body Connecting, water distribution water-distributing device, be connected with the air cooling unit upper end pipeline of air cooling heat radiator, the cooling of air cooling heat radiator air is single The lower end of unit, is connected with charge for remittance water-distributing device, and charge for remittance water-distributing device is connected with pipe control valve member.Pipe control valve group Part, is directly connected to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device.Or pipe control valve member, through wafing water water collection device, with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device even Connect.
Wherein, the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and for opening UNICOM's state between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device.Pipeline control Valve member processed, and between water circulating pump, for closing current floe condition.The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank In.Valve between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, for closing current floe condition.
Or the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and for opening UNICOM's state between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device.Pipe control Between valve member, and water circulating pump, also for opening UNICOM's state, by regulation and control pipeline control valve door assembly, it is achieved to entrance The control of water circulating pump cooling circulating water temperature.The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank.Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device And valve between bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, for closing current floe condition.
Cooling circulating water, by spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle, cooling circulating water falls corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb filler On layer, the water that wafts of spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle formation rises, and directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator.Or spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle shape The water that wafts become rises, and by wafing, water water collection device is collected dirty.Fall the trickle on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, pass The luminal surface of corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and ascending air heat exchange.By the sensible heat of cooling circulating water, by evaporation Be converted to the latent heat of vaporization.Ascending air is then increased by air humidity, makes dry-bulb temperature reduce, and wet bulb temperature raises and realizes cold But circulation evaporation of water conduction cooling.The cooling that cooling circulating water distributes in cavity volume at the air intake of cooling tower cylinder body bottom and enters After the further heat exchange of wind, fall into the cooling procedure completing cooling circulating water in collecting-tank.Through overcooled cooling circulating water, pass through Open the valve between collecting-tank and water circulating pump, by cooling circulating water by outlet conduit, pump into thermic load heat exchanger, cooling After recirculated water absorbs heat in thermic load heat exchanger, managed by cooling circulating water inlet channel mother, enter water distribution water-distributing device, air cooling Radiator, it is achieved the open cycle of air cooling heat radiator cooling circulating water.
Cooling wind, by the air intake passage of natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body bottom, enters air intake distribution cavity volume, with under The cooling circulating water initial contact heat exchange drenched, afterwards, cooling wind enters corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and along corrugated plating The dirty cooling circulating water of water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer tube wall carries out counter current heat exchange, makes air humidity increase, follows cooling Ring water for cooling.After cooling wind rises and flows out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, carry secretly and blow afloat from spraying and sprinkling evaporation device The cooling circulating water drenched.Being entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that wafts to rise, through wafing water water collection device, the water water collection device that wafts is collected Retain the water that partly wafts, be still entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that partly wafts and continue to rise, contact with air cooling heat radiator, make to satisfy Wafing water with the humid air cooling part carried secretly of wind, with the touching heat absorption evaporation of air cooling heat radiator surface, the water that wind waftd makes full use of. Saturated moist air cooling wind is raised by air cooling heat radiator surface heat temperature raising, dry-bulb temperature, and air humidity reduces and becomes insatiable hunger And air, atmospheric density declines, enhances cooling tower cylinder inside and outside cross-ventilation.
Initially enter the cooling circulating water of air cooling heat radiator, in air cooling heat radiator, obtain pre-cooling, it is achieved enter spray and steam Before transmitting apparatus, cooling temperature of circulating water declines to a great extent, and through the cooling circulating water of spraying and sprinkling evaporation device spray, passes through evaporative heat loss The water consumption of cooling declines to a great extent, and cooling circulating water concentrates speed and is greatly reduced, and the blowdown flow rate of cooling circulating water declines to a great extent.Cooling The cooling effect of recirculated water is the best.
The second: for air cooling heat radiator closed cooling circulation, bypass sprays the cooling mode of operation of air wetting circulation, For operational mode in spring and autumn.
Cooling circulating water inlet channel mother manages, and is arranged at the water distribution water distribution of top layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body Device connects, and water distribution water-distributing device is connected with the air cooling unit upper end pipeline of air cooling heat radiator, and air cooling heat radiator air is cold But the lower end of unit, is connected with charge for remittance water-distributing device, and charge for remittance water-distributing device is connected with pipe control valve member.Pipeline control valve Door assembly, is directly connected to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device.Or pipe control valve member, through wafing water water collection device, fill with spraying and sprinkling evaporation Put connection.Wherein, the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, for closing current floe condition.With circulation Between water pump, for opening UNICOM's state.The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank.Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device with Valve between bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, for opening UNICOM's state.
After cooling circulating water absorbs heat in thermic load heat exchanger, managed by cooling circulating water inlet channel mother, enter water distribution Water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiator, air cooling heat radiator, after air cools down, enters charge for remittance water-distributing device, afterwards, dissipates through air cooling The recirculated water of hot device cooling, by the valve opened between water circulating pump, by cooling circulating water by outlet conduit, pumps into heat Load heat exchanger, it is achieved the closed cooling circulation of air cooling heat radiator cooling circulating water.The pipe-line system of closed cooling circulation On, it is provided with water expansion drum.
Bypass pipe control valve member between Sprayer Circulation water pump, and spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, is located at unlatching UNICOM shape State, bypasses Sprayer Circulation water pump, from collecting-tank extraction bypass humidification recirculated water, bypasses the outlet conduit of Sprayer Circulation water pump, logical Cross the spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle being attached thereto.Cooling circulating water is fallen on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and spray steams The water that wafts of transmitting apparatus trickle formation rises, and directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator.Or spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle formed waft waterborne Rising, by wafing, water water collection device is collected dirty.Fall the trickle on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, through corrugated plating water distribution The luminal surface of heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and ascending air heat exchange humidification.By the sensible heat of ascending air, by evaporation humidification conversion For the latent heat of vaporization.Ascending air is made to be increased by air humidity, it is achieved the reduction of cooling air dry-bulb temperature.Bypass humidification circulation Water, the air intake at cooling tower cylinder body bottom distributes in cavity volume, and after the cooling wind humidification heat exchange entered, falls in collecting-tank, complete Become the bypass humidification recirculated water humidification cooling procedure to cooling wind.By opening collecting-tank, and between bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump Valve, by bypass humidification recirculated water by outlet conduit, pump into spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, bypass humidification recirculated water is to cooling wind After moistening and lowering temperature, fall into collecting-tank, it is achieved the open moistening and lowering temperature circulation to cooling wind of the bypass humidification recirculated water.
Or individual spray humidification water pump, connect another road individual spray humidification system.Another road individual spray humidification system Nozzle distribution, with original spraying and sprinkling evaporation device arrange distribution be equal to.Spray by another road individual spray humidification system Cooling wind, to cooling wind atomized water spraying, is humidified, reduces dry-bulb temperature, improve the heat absorption capacity of cooling wind, another road by mouth The water that wafts that the nozzle spray of individual spray humidification system is formed, by contact air cooling heat radiator surface evaporation, improves air cooling and dissipates The cooling effect of hot device, it is achieved that air cooling heat radiator evaporation conduction composite radiating.
Cooling wind, by the air intake passage of natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body bottom, enters air intake distribution cavity volume, with under The bypass humidification recirculated water initial contact heat exchange drenched, afterwards, cooling wind enters corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and along ripple Card water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer tube wall dirty bypass humidification recirculated water carry out counter current heat exchange, make air humidity increase. Flow out after corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer when cooling wind rises, carry secretly and blow afloat the bypass drenched from spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and add Wet recirculated water.It is entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that wafts to rise, directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator, make saturated moist air cold But the part that wind is carried secretly is waftd water, and with the touching heat absorption evaporation of air cooling heat radiator surface, the water that wind waftd makes full use of.Maybe when cooling wind Rise after flowing out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, carry secretly and blow afloat the bypass humidification circulation drenched from spraying and sprinkling evaporation device Water.Being entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that wafts to rise, with through wafing water water collection device, the water water collection device that wafts is collected to retain and is partly waftd Water, is still entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that partly wafts and continues to rise, contact with air cooling heat radiator, make saturated moist air cold But the part that wind is carried secretly is waftd water, and with the touching heat absorption evaporation of air cooling heat radiator surface, the water that wind waftd makes full use of.And saturated wet sky Air cooling wind, then by air cooling heat radiator surface heat temperature raising, make the dry-bulb temperature of air raise, and air humidity reduces, and becomes Unsaturated air, atmospheric density declines, enhances cooling tower cylinder inside and outside cross-ventilation.Improve the cooling effect of cooling circulating water Really.
The third: is for air cooling heat radiator closed natural convection ventilation cooling mode of operation, for winter operation pattern:
Cooling circulating water inlet channel mother manages, and is arranged at the water distribution water-distributing device of top layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body Connecting, water distribution water-distributing device, be connected with the air cooling unit upper end pipeline of air cooling heat radiator, the cooling of air cooling heat radiator air is single The lower end of unit, is connected with charge for remittance water-distributing device, and charge for remittance water-distributing device is connected with pipe control valve member.Pipe control valve group Part, is directly connected to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device.Or pipe control valve member, through wafing water water collection device, with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device even Connect.Wherein, the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, for closing current floe condition.With water circulating pump Between, for opening UNICOM's state.The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank.Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and bypass Valve between Sprayer Circulation water pump, for closing current floe condition.
After cooling circulating water absorbs heat in thermic load heat exchanger, managed by cooling circulating water inlet channel mother, enter water distribution Water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiator, air cooling heat radiator, after air cools down, enters charge for remittance water-distributing device, afterwards, dissipates through air cooling The recirculated water of hot device cooling, by the valve opened between water circulating pump, by cooling circulating water by outlet conduit, pumps into heat Load heat exchanger, it is achieved the closed cooling circulation of air cooling heat radiator cooling circulating water.The pipe-line system of closed cooling circulation On, it is provided with water expansion drum.
Three of the above cooling mode of operation can be with any switching laws.Heat recirculated water pass through water distribution water-distributing device, wait flow path, etc. Pressure, it is uniformly distributed water distribution in air cooling heat radiator, by the recirculated water of air cooling heat radiator pre-cooling, also to wait flow path, equipressure, uniformly Requirement, collects, by charge for remittance water-distributing device, the recirculated water that confluxes.Through the recirculated water that air cooling heat radiator precools, by cloth water control valve Door, controls spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and controls water spray, be distributed in by water on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and recirculated water is at ripple In card water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, after the air heat exchange cooling risen, lower drench in collecting-tank.By regulation and control pipeline control Valve member processed, controls air cooling heat radiator cooling water, cools down the water water supply ratio to water circulating pump with by spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, Realize the supply water temperature of water circulating pump is regulated and controled by each season.
The cooling wind air intake passage by natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body bottom, entrance air intake distribution cavity volume, afterwards, Cooling wind enters corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, flows out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer when cooling wind rises After, cooling wind rises, and directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator, maybe flows out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer when cooling wind rises After, through wafing water water collection device, contacting with air cooling heat radiator, cooling wind, then by air cooling heat radiator surface heat temperature raising, makes air Dry-bulb temperature raise, air humidity reduce, make atmospheric density decline, enhance cooling tower cylinder inside and outside cross-ventilation.Improve The cooling effect of cooling circulating water.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator air is cold But unit is cooling tube, and cooling tube is light pipe, or is finned tube.Or air cooling heat radiator air cooling unit is cooling heat pipe, cold But heat pipe is light pipe, or is finned tube.Cooling heat pipe includes metal tube, glass tubing, plastic pipe.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator support is used Metal, concrete or plastic-steel and macromolecule organic composite material make, and air cooling heat radiator support is fixed on the load-bearing of cooling tower and props up On support body.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator hangs on On air cooling heat radiator fixed support or be placed on air cooling heat radiator support, fixed also by key, bolt fastening assembly.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its water inlet pipe, collection pipe with Air cooling gas water inlet is connected by pipeline and interface, and the female pipe of water inlet is arranged in air cooling heat radiator water inlet side and is dissipated by air cooling Hot device support supports fixing, and collection pipe is connected by pipe and joint with air cooling heat radiator outlet, and collection pipe is dispelled the heat by air cooling Device support supports fixing.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its water water collection device that wafts is fixed on The air inlet of air cooling heat radiator, is connected combination or is fixed on air cooling heat radiator fixed support with air cooling heat radiator.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its spray water-distributing device is pacified Equipped with the valve controlling water.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of cold heat sink opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator is with herringbone Shape, V-arrangement or polyhedron shape press matrix or sector format layout arrangement with one heart, are fixed on air cooling heat radiator support.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, the valve on its collection pipe is used In the independent operating and the variable load operation that control air cooling heat radiator.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator air is cold But unit is cooling tube, and cooling tube is light pipe, or is finned tube;Cooling tube includes metal tube, plastic pipe;Or air cooling heat radiator is empty Air cooling unit is cooling heat pipe, and cooling heat pipe is light pipe, or is finned tube;Cooling heat pipe includes metal tube, glass tubing, plastic cement Pipe;Air cooling unit is homogenous material pipe manufacture, or is composite material tube manufacture.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator is by multiple Air cooling unit forms, and air cooling unit is light pipe, or is the pipe of band cooling fins;Air cooling unit is by metal material Or the good material of heat conductivility is by welding, riveting, expanded joint, casting, bonding, rolling, expressing technique making molding, cooling wing Sheet pipe is made shape extrusion made by metal rolled, extrusion, and the fin above section bar processed is screw-like;Air cooling dispels the heat Device by with pipeline, multiple air cooling unit sections of jurisdiction are tightly connected;Or air cooling heat radiator by with pipeline, by multiple air Cooling unit heat pipe is tightly connected;Constitute the air cooler assembly of parallelepiped;The water inlet of air cooler assembly with The flow paths such as outlet are arranged, are provided with air cooler inter-module every support between section of jurisdiction and section of jurisdiction;Air cooling heat radiator with herringbone, Or polyhedron shape, by matrix, or sector format arranges arrangement with one heart, is fixed on air cooling heat radiator support.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its air cooling heat radiator support is used Metal, concrete, fiberglass or plastic-steel and macromolecule organic composite material make, and air cooling heat radiator support is fixed on cooling tower Load bearing support body on;Or air cooling heat radiator hangs on air cooling heat radiator fixed support, or it is placed in air cooling heat radiator support On, by including that slotting key, bolt fastening component are fixed.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its water inlet pipe, collection pipe with Air cooler entery and delivery port is tightly connected, and the female pipe of water inlet is arranged in air cooling heat radiator water inlet side, air cooling heat radiator prop up Frame supports fixing, collection pipe and air cooling heat radiator outlet, is connected by pipe and joint, and collection pipe passes through air cooling heat radiator support Support fixing.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its water water collection device that wafts is fixed on The air inlet of air cooling heat radiator, is connected combination or is fixed on air cooling heat radiator fixed support with air cooling heat radiator.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, the valve on its collection pipe is used In the independent operating and the variable load operation that control air cooling heat radiator;On spray water-distributing device, autocontrol valve is installed.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, its water circulating pump, bypass spray Drench the water inlet of water circulating pump, or on outlet, be provided with ultrasound wave algae removal device.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, the benefit of its bypass shower water Water, for softening water.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The invention provides the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, this invents combination The advantage of cooling tower, closed cooling tower and air cooling compressor, with the heat exchange of air when making full use of the cooled tower cooler of water, makes Air humidity increases, and heat absorption capacity improves the spy that (water vapour specific heat is close to 2 times of air specific heat) and air dry-bulb temperature reduce Point, cools down air cooling heat radiator with it.By the analysis to existing air air cooling heat radiator pluses and minuses, it is proposed that Yi Zhongke To be automatically adjusted the air cooling heat radiator of running status according to environmental weather conditions and fluid inlet and outlet temperature to be cooled, work as the external world When ambient temperature and humidity or fluid inlet and outlet temperature to be cooled change, the present invention passes through automatic control system, controls mist respectively Change shower nozzle, the discharge of spray nozzle and intake, automatically adjust the operational mode of air cooler so that air cooler is in the most all the time Economic operational mode, compares existing air cooling heat radiator more water-saving and electricity-saving, and economy is more preferable.The multiple Working mould of the present invention Formula, is respectively suitable for different ambient outdoor air humiture situations.Air cooling heat radiator is utilized to precool tube fluid, and open The cooling mode of operation of spraying and sprinkling evaporation, it is adaptable to the meteorological condition that surrounding air humiture is the highest;Adiabatic humidiflcation evaporation cooling fortune Row mode is applicable to the transition season that ambient temperature and humidity is moderate, effectively utilizes the Meteorological Elements in China of transition season, compares spray Drench evaporation cooling mode of operation and i.e. decrease the consumption of water, disclosure satisfy that again and change thermal requirement;The dry calibration fortune of blower fan operating Row mode be applicable to ambient temperature relatively low time.Natural cooling operational mode is applicable to ambient temperature low-down winter, this pattern Lower blower fan is closed, and only utilizes the Cryogenic air of environment and the interior high-temperature heat flux heat transfer free convection of pipe to carry out stream in cooling tube Body.Owing to design cooling hot water initially enters air cooling heat radiator, with high humility, the air inversion heat exchange of low dry-bulb temperature, cooling Water in air cooling heat radiator.Meanwhile, air cooling heat radiator heated the air of high humility so that it is density reduces, and reduces cooling tower Pressure in air duct, improves the speed of air ascension, adds the cooling intake of cooling tower.Through air cooling heat radiator pre-cooling Coolant-temperature gage reduce, then be distributed on the cloth water cooling heat exchange filler of cooling tower through water distribution spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, cooling dissipates Heat, decreases evaporation of water, meanwhile, reduces the dry-bulb temperature of air, makes again the cooling heat transferring effect that air cooling heat radiator has had Really.The coolant-temperature gage being distributed on cooling tower cloth water cooling heat exchange filler due to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device is low, therefore, can reduce water A large amount of evaporations, thus decrease scattering and disappearing and blowdown of water, define and make full use of that air is dry, wet bulb temperature.Air cooling heat radiator is opened Close changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower, air cooling heat radiator ground can be realized temperature is low when and naturally run, maximum Limit realizes using water wisely.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 be the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing without water collection device bypass circuit, its air cooling dispel the heat Device is rectangular polygon matrix arrangements structural representation;
Fig. 2 is that the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing without water collection device bypass circuit and increases spraying, Its air cooling heat radiator is rectangular polygon matrix arrangements system structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is that the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing is provided with water collection device bypass circuit, and its air cooling dissipates Hot device is herringbone arrangement schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing without water collection device bypass circuit and increases spraying, Its air cooling heat radiator is herringbone arrangement system structural representation.
In figure: 1 electromotor, 2 steam turbines, 3 turbine rotors, 4 condensers, 5 condensate pumps, 6 heat recirculated water water delivery mothers pipe, 7 water circulating pumps, 8 recirculated water feed pipes, 9 air opening and closing circulating switching valve a, 10 air opening and closing circulating switching valve b, 11 air coolings Device closed cycle return pipe, 12 collecting-tanks, 13 honeycomb wave water distribution cooling layers, 14 water-locators, 15 cloth water control valves, 16 charges for remittance Pipe, 17 rhones, 18 air coolers, 19 cooling tower cylinders, 20 expansion tanks, 21 recirculated water water intaking mother's pipes, 22 blowdowns control Valve, 23 blow-off pipes, 24 female pipe control valves a of spray, 25 charge for remittance mother's pipe control valves, 26 circulating cooling make-up water pipes, 27 circulating cooling make-up waters are inverse Only valve, 28 bypass spray water intaking control valves, 29 bypass Sprayer Circulation water pumps, 30 female pipe control valves b of spray, 31 spray mother's pipes, 32 Atomizer control valve, 33 independent humidification water inlet control valves, 34 independent humidification water pumps, 35 independent humidification feed main control valves, 36 independent humidification feed mains, 37 independent humidification water storage boxes, 38 air inlet-outlet pipes, 39 water compensating valves, 40 filling pipes, 41 atomizers, 42 water collection devices.

Claims (10)

1. the changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing and the method for operation, including cooling tower cylinder, water distribution Water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiator, charge for remittance water-distributing device, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, recirculated water Pump, thermic load heat exchanger, bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, automaton, collecting-tank, water-in and water-out pipeline, is characterized in that: Corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder, and the lower wind direction of spray water-distributing device, or Waft the lower wind direction on water water collection device, is provided with and is fixed on support, multiple air cooling units connect the sky formed Cold heat sink;
Each other, the air cooling unit of air cooling heat radiator, with cooling tower cylinder body wall for the air cooling unit of air cooling heat radiator Between without cooling wind short-circuit leakage passage;It is uniformly distributed and is mounted on and natural convection ventilation cooling tower load bearing support, connect Air cooling heat radiator support on;
In the upwind of air cooling heat radiator, it is provided with and bypasses the spraying and sprinkling evaporation device that Sprayer Circulation water pump is connected;Bypass spray follows Ring water pump, from collecting-tank extraction bypass humidification recirculated water, by pipe control valve member, is connected with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, passes through Automaton controls spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle;
Or the upwind at air cooling heat radiator, it is provided with and bypasses another road individual spray humidification system that Sprayer Circulation water pump is connected System;Bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump is from ad hoc tank extraction bypass humidification recirculated water, by independent pipe control valve member, It is connected with ad hoc nozzle matrix, the distribution of ad hoc nozzle matrix, is equal to the distribution that arranges of original spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Pass through The nozzle of another road individual spray humidification system, sprays to from corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer;It is formed at free convection The bottom enclosure interior of aerating and cooling tower cylinder, is followed successively by water distribution water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiator, charge for remittance water distribution dress from the top down Put, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, packing layer load bearing support, air intake distribution cavity volume, collecting-tank Cooling stack framework;
Or be formed at the bottom enclosure interior of natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder, be followed successively by from the top down water distribution water-distributing device, Air cooling heat radiator, charge for remittance water-distributing device, the water water collection device that wafts, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, filler Layer load bearing support, air intake distribution cavity volume, the cooling stack framework of collecting-tank;
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing, is divided into three kinds of operational modes:
The first: for the open operational mode of air cooling heat radiator direct fountain cooling circulation, this pattern is summer operation mould Formula:
Cooling circulating water inlet channel mother manages, and is arranged at the water distribution water-distributing device of top layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body Connecting, water distribution water-distributing device, be connected with the air cooling unit upper end pipeline of air cooling heat radiator, the cooling of air cooling heat radiator air is single The lower end of unit, is connected with charge for remittance water-distributing device, and charge for remittance water-distributing device is connected with pipe control valve member;Pipe control valve group Part, is directly connected to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Or pipe control valve member, through wafing water water collection device, with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device even Connect;
Wherein, the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and for opening UNICOM's state between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Pipeline control valve Between door assembly, and water circulating pump, for closing current floe condition;The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank;Spray Drench valve between vaporising device and bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, for closing current floe condition;
Or the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and for opening UNICOM's state between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Pipe control valve Between assembly, and water circulating pump, also for opening UNICOM's state, by regulation and control pipeline control valve door assembly, it is achieved to entering circulation The control of water pump cooling circulating water temperature;The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank;Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device is with other Valve between the Sprayer Circulation water pump of road, for closing current floe condition;
Cooling circulating water, by spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle, cooling circulating water is fallen on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, The water that wafts of spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle formation rises, and directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator;Or the formation of spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle The water that wafts rises, and by wafing, water water collection device is collected dirty;Fall the trickle on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, through ripple The luminal surface of plate water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and ascending air heat exchange;By the sensible heat of cooling circulating water, changed by evaporation For the latent heat of vaporization;Ascending air is then increased by air humidity, makes dry-bulb temperature reduce, and wet bulb temperature raises and realizes following cooling The conduction cooling of ring evaporation of water;Cooling circulating water enters with the cooling wind entered within the air intake of cooling tower cylinder body bottom distributes cavity volume After one step heat exchange, fall into the cooling procedure completing cooling circulating water in collecting-tank;Through overcooled cooling circulating water, by opening Valve between collecting-tank and water circulating pump, by cooling circulating water by outlet conduit, pumps into thermic load heat exchanger, cooling circulation After water absorbs heat in thermic load heat exchanger, managed by cooling circulating water inlet channel mother, enter water distribution water-distributing device, air cooling heat radiation Device, it is achieved the open cycle of air cooling heat radiator cooling circulating water;
The cooling wind air intake passage by natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body bottom, enters air intake distribution cavity volume, with lower pouring Cooling circulating water initial contact heat exchange, afterwards, cooling wind enters corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and along corrugated plating water distribution The dirty cooling circulating water of heat exchange honeycomb packing layer tube wall carries out counter current heat exchange, makes air humidity increase, to cooling circulating water Cooling;After cooling wind rises and flows out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, carry secretly and blow afloat pouring from spraying and sprinkling evaporation device Cooling circulating water;Being entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that wafts to rise, through wafing water water collection device, the water water collection device that wafts is collected and is retained Partly waft water, is still entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that partly wafts and continues to rise, contacts with air cooling heat radiator, make saturated wet The air cooling part carried secretly of wind is waftd water, with the touching heat absorption evaporation of air cooling heat radiator surface;
The second: for air cooling heat radiator closed cooling circulation, the cooling mode of operation of bypass spray air wetting circulation, for the spring Autumn operational mode;
Cooling circulating water inlet channel mother manages, and is arranged at the water distribution water-distributing device of top layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body Connecting, water distribution water-distributing device, be connected with the air cooling unit upper end pipeline of air cooling heat radiator, the cooling of air cooling heat radiator air is single The lower end of unit, is connected with charge for remittance water-distributing device, and charge for remittance water-distributing device is connected with pipe control valve member;Pipe control valve group Part, is directly connected to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Or pipe control valve member, through wafing water water collection device, with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device even Connect;Wherein, the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, for closing current floe condition;With water circulating pump Between, for opening UNICOM's state;The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank;Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and bypass Valve between Sprayer Circulation water pump, for opening UNICOM's state;
After cooling circulating water absorbs heat in thermic load heat exchanger, managed by cooling circulating water inlet channel mother, enter water distribution water distribution Device, air cooling heat radiator, air cooling heat radiator, after air cools down, enters charge for remittance water-distributing device, afterwards, through air cooling heat radiator The recirculated water of cooling, by the valve opened between water circulating pump, by cooling circulating water by outlet conduit, pumps into thermic load Heat exchanger, it is achieved the closed cooling circulation of air cooling heat radiator cooling circulating water;In the pipe-line system of closed cooling circulation, if There is water expansion drum;
Bypass pipe control valve member between Sprayer Circulation water pump, and spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, is located at unlatching UNICOM state, other Road Sprayer Circulation water pump, from collecting-tank extraction bypass humidification recirculated water, the outlet conduit of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, by therewith The spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle connected;Cooling circulating water is fallen on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, spraying and sprinkling evaporation device The water that wafts of trickle formation rises, and directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator;Or the water that wafts that spraying and sprinkling evaporation device trickle is formed rises, pass through The water water collection device that wafts is collected dirty;Fall the trickle on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, through corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeybee The luminal surface of nest packing layer, and ascending air heat exchange humidification;By the sensible heat of ascending air, be converted to vaporization by evaporation humidification Latent heat;Ascending air is made to be increased by air humidity, it is achieved the reduction of cooling air dry-bulb temperature;Bypass humidification recirculated water, In the air intake distribution cavity volume of cooling tower cylinder body bottom, and after the cooling wind humidification heat exchange entered, fall in collecting-tank, complete bypass The humidification recirculated water humidification cooling procedure to cooling wind;By opening collecting-tank, and the valve between bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, By bypass humidification recirculated water by outlet conduit, pumping into spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, bypass humidification recirculated water is to cooling wind humidification fall Wen Hou, falls into collecting-tank, it is achieved the open moistening and lowering temperature circulation to cooling wind of the bypass humidification recirculated water;
Or individual spray humidification water pump, connect another road individual spray humidification system;The spray of another road individual spray humidification system Mouth is distributed, and is equal to the distribution that arranges of original spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Nozzle pair by another road individual spray humidification system Cooling wind atomized water spraying, humidifies cooling wind, reduces dry-bulb temperature, improve the heat absorption capacity of cooling wind, and another road is independent The water that wafts that the nozzle spray of spraying humidification system is formed, by contact air cooling heat radiator surface evaporation, improves air cooling heat radiator Cooling effect, it is achieved that air cooling heat radiator evaporation conduction composite radiating;
The cooling wind air intake passage by natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body bottom, enters air intake distribution cavity volume, with lower pouring Bypass humidification recirculated water initial contact heat exchange, afterwards, cooling wind enters corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and along corrugated plating Water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer tube wall dirty bypass humidification recirculated water carry out counter current heat exchange, make air humidity increase;When cold But wind rises and flows out after corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, carries secretly and blows afloat the bypass humidification drenched from spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and follow Ring water;It is entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that wafts to rise, directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator, make saturated moist air cool down wind The part carried secretly is waftd water, and with the touching heat absorption evaporation of air cooling heat radiator surface, the water that wind waftd makes full use of;Maybe rise when cooling wind After flowing out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, carry secretly and blow afloat the bypass humidification recirculated water drenched from spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Folder With wafing, water saturation humid air cooling wind rises, and with through wafing water water collection device, the water water collection device that wafts is collected and retained the water that partly wafts, still It is entrained with the water saturation humid air cooling wind that partly wafts to continue to rise, contacts with air cooling heat radiator, make saturated moist air cool down wind The part carried secretly is waftd water, with the touching heat absorption evaporation of air cooling heat radiator surface;
The third: is for air cooling heat radiator closed natural convection ventilation cooling mode of operation, for winter operation pattern:
Cooling circulating water inlet channel mother manages, and is arranged at the water distribution water-distributing device of top layer in natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body Connecting, water distribution water-distributing device, be connected with the air cooling unit upper end pipeline of air cooling heat radiator, the cooling of air cooling heat radiator air is single The lower end of unit, is connected with charge for remittance water-distributing device, and charge for remittance water-distributing device is connected with pipe control valve member;Pipe control valve group Part, is directly connected to spraying and sprinkling evaporation device;Or pipe control valve member, through wafing water water collection device, with spraying and sprinkling evaporation device even Connect;Wherein, the switching valve of pipe control valve member, and between spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, for closing current floe condition;With water circulating pump Between, for opening UNICOM's state;The intake pipe of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, is placed in collecting-tank;Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device and bypass Valve between Sprayer Circulation water pump, for closing current floe condition;
After cooling circulating water absorbs heat in thermic load heat exchanger, managed by cooling circulating water inlet channel mother, enter water distribution water distribution Device, air cooling heat radiator, air cooling heat radiator, after air cools down, enters charge for remittance water-distributing device, afterwards, through air cooling heat radiator The recirculated water of cooling, by the valve opened between water circulating pump, by cooling circulating water by outlet conduit, pumps into thermic load Heat exchanger, it is achieved the closed cooling circulation of air cooling heat radiator cooling circulating water;In the pipe-line system of closed cooling circulation, if There is water expansion drum;
Three of the above cooling mode of operation can be with any switching laws;Heat recirculated water passes through water distribution water-distributing device, waits flow path, equipressure, all Even distribution water distribution is in air cooling heat radiator, by the recirculated water of air cooling heat radiator pre-cooling, also to wait flow path, equipressure, uniform requirement, The recirculated water that confluxes is collected by charge for remittance water-distributing device;Through the recirculated water that air cooling heat radiator precools, by cloth water control valve, control Spraying and sprinkling evaporation device processed controls water spray, is distributed in by water on corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, and recirculated water is at corrugated plating In water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, after the air heat exchange cooling risen, lower drench in collecting-tank;By regulation and control pipeline control valve Door assembly, controls air cooling heat radiator cooling water, cools down the water water supply ratio to water circulating pump with by spraying and sprinkling evaporation device, it is achieved The supply water temperature of water circulating pump is regulated and controled by each season;
The cooling wind air intake passage by natural convection ventilation cooling tower cylinder body bottom, enters air intake distribution cavity volume, afterwards, cooling Wind enters corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, after cooling wind rises and flows out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, cold But wind rises, and directly contacts with air cooling heat radiator, maybe after cooling wind rises and flows out corrugated plating water distribution heat exchange honeycomb packing layer, wears Crossing the water water collection device that wafts, contact with air cooling heat radiator, cooling wind, then by air cooling heat radiator surface heat temperature raising, makes the dry bulb of air Temperature raises, and air humidity reduces, and makes atmospheric density decline, enhances cooling tower cylinder inside and outside cross-ventilation.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: air cooling heat radiator air cooling unit is cooling tube, cooling tube is light pipe, or is finned tube;Cooling tube includes gold Belong to pipe, plastic pipe;Or air cooling heat radiator air cooling unit is cooling heat pipe, cooling heat pipe is light pipe.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: finned tube;Cooling heat pipe includes metal tube, glass tubing, plastic pipe;Air cooling unit is homogenous material control Make, or be composite material tube manufacture.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: air cooling heat radiator is made up of multiple air cooling units, air cooling unit is light pipe, or is band cooling fins Pipe;Air cooling unit by the good material of metal material or heat conductivility by welding, riveting, expanded joint, casting, bonding, roll System, expressing technique make molding, and cooling fins pipe is made shape extrusion made by metal rolled, extrusion, the section bar processed Fin above is screw-like;Air cooling heat radiator by with pipeline, multiple air cooling unit sections of jurisdiction are tightly connected;Or air cooling Radiator by with pipeline, multiple air cooling unit heat pipes are tightly connected;Constitute the air cooler group of parallelepiped Part;The flow paths such as the water inlet of air cooler assembly and outlet are arranged, are provided with air cooler assembly between section of jurisdiction and section of jurisdiction Interval supports;Air cooling heat radiator is with herringbone, or polyhedron shape, and by matrix, or sector format arranges arrangement with one heart, installs fixing On air cooling heat radiator support.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: air cooling heat radiator support metal, concrete, fiberglass or plastic-steel and macromolecule organic composite material make, empty Cold heat sink support is fixed on the load bearing support body of cooling tower;Or air cooling heat radiator hangs on air cooling heat radiator fixed support On, or be placed on air cooling heat radiator support, by including that slotting key, bolt fastening component are fixed.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: water inlet pipe, collection pipe are tightly connected with air cooler entery and delivery port, the female pipe of water inlet is arranged in air cooling heat radiator Water inlet side, is supported fixing by air cooling heat radiator support, and collection pipe and air cooling heat radiator outlet are connected by pipe and joint Connecing, collection pipe supports fixing by air cooling heat radiator support.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: the water water collection device that wafts is fixed on the air inlet of air cooling heat radiator, be connected combination with air cooling heat radiator or be fixed on sky On cold heat sink fixed support.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: the valve on collection pipe is for controlling independent operating and the variable load operation of air cooling heat radiator;Spray water-distributing device On autocontrol valve is installed.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: water circulating pump, the water inlet of bypass Sprayer Circulation water pump, or on outlet, be provided with ultrasound wave algae removal device.
The changeable air cooled water composite cooling tower of air cooling heat radiator opening and closing the most according to claim 1 and the method for operation, It is characterized in that: the moisturizing of bypass shower water, for softening water.
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