CN106051032B - A kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process - Google Patents

A kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106051032B
CN106051032B CN201610681718.0A CN201610681718A CN106051032B CN 106051032 B CN106051032 B CN 106051032B CN 201610681718 A CN201610681718 A CN 201610681718A CN 106051032 B CN106051032 B CN 106051032B
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China
Prior art keywords
mass block
shock absorption
housing
powered
damping
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CN201610681718.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106051032A (en
Inventor
张永康
郇学东
罗红平
肖体兵
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Guangdong University of Technology
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Guangdong University of Technology
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/023Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using fluid means
    • F16F15/0232Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using fluid means with at least one gas spring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/023Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using fluid means
    • F16F15/027Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using fluid means comprising control arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F9/00Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium
    • F16F9/32Details
    • F16F9/50Special means providing automatic damping adjustment, i.e. self-adjustment of damping by particular sliding movements of a valve element, other than flexions or displacement of valve discs; Special means providing self-adjustment of spring characteristics

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of powered shock absorption devices for hoisting process, including housing and it is arranged at housing periphery attachment device, enclosure interior is equipped with mass block and support construction, mass block is slidably supported in support construction, the periphery of mass block is connected with multiple damping shock absorptions pair, damping shock absorption is to including the hydraulic damper and air spring that are arranged side by side, one end of hydraulic damper is articulated with mass block outer wall and the other end is articulated with the inner wall of housing, and the axis of both ends hinge is each perpendicular to the supporting surface of support construction, one end of air spring is connected to mass block outer wall and the other end is connected to inner walls, further include hydraulic damping regulating device and air spring regulating device.The articulated connection of hydraulic damper and mass block and housing can ensure that mass block moves freely on the support structure, so as to fulfill multidirectional shock attenuation result in a plane;Damped coefficient and coefficient of elasticity are adjustable, ensure that the device is widely portable to different wind loads and different segmentations.

Description

A kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process
Technical field
Hoisting technical field more particularly to a kind of moving for hoisting process the present invention relates to marine engineering equipment Power shock-absorbing means.
Background technology
For the Large-Scale Equipment of ocean engineering, large vessel, drilling platforms etc. are in building course, it is necessary to continually Welding is assembled or is placed using large-scale crane lifting segmentation.The raising of the work efficiency of lifting not only decides entire construction The efficiency of process improves, while can also reduce cost, improve resource utilization.However, the raising of the efficiency of lifting often exists It is restricted in the case of two kinds:First, in strong wind weather, segmentation is subject to wind load to generate vibration and has to reduce the mobile speed of lifting Degree, even resulting in can not construct;Second is that lifting hanging segmentation needs to adjust position to meet segmentation positional precision, this is because Segmentation is subject to wind load and generates vibration so that adjustment process becomes difficult.And it is exactly that use subtracts to solve the problems, such as one of these approach Vibrating device absorbs the vibration of segmentation, so that hoisting process is more steady, efficient.
Existing lifting vibration absorber plays buffer shock-absorbing, to direct generally with sunpender or function of wire in connecting pin The absorbing effect for the big quality segmentation that wind load is subject to encourage and is vibrated is limited, and the vibration being especially horizontally oriented fails It is absorbed to effective.Meanwhile the controllability of existing lifting vibration absorber is poor, it can not be to the different Vibration Conditions of different lifting segmentations Carry out effective vibration damping.
Therefore, how the vibration of the segmentation of hoisting process is effectively absorbed and improves the applicability of shock-absorbing means, be The current technical issues that need to address of those skilled in the art.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process, which inhales Vibrating device not only can carry out effective absorbing to the segmentation of lifting, improve lifting efficiency, and controllability is good, applicability is high.
To achieve these goals, the present invention provides following technical solutions:
A kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process, including housing and be arranged at the housing periphery be used for Segmentation connects fixed attachment device, and the enclosure interior is provided with mass block and support construction, and the mass block is slideably It is supported on the supporting surface of the support construction, the periphery of the mass block is connected with multiple damping shock absorptions pair, each resistance Buddhist nun's absorbing is articulated with the quality to including the hydraulic damper and air spring that are arranged side by side, one end of the hydraulic damper Block outer wall and the other end are articulated with the inner wall of the housing, and the axis of the hinge at the hydraulic damper both ends is each perpendicular to described The supporting surface of support construction, one end of the air spring is connected to the mass block outer wall and the other end is connected to the housing Inner wall, the hydraulic damper is connected with hydraulic damping regulating device, and the air spring is connected with air spring and adjusts dress It puts.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the housing is arranged in the two sides up and down of the mass block The support construction.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the support construction include be arranged at the enclosure interior and The multiple ball bearings contacted with the mass block surface scrolls.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, multiple ball bearings are distributed in circular ring shape.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the quantity of the damping shock absorption pair is more than or equal to three, and multiple institutes Damping shock absorption is stated to being evenly arranged in the circumferential direction of the mass block.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the section of the mass block is square, four of the mass block Side wall is all connected with there are one the damping shock absorption pair.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the housing is round box structure, and the mass block is arranged in institute The center of housing is stated, and each damping shock absorption is to the radial arrangement along the housing.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the attachment device is internally provided with electromagnet, and the connection dress Put the electromagnetic control apparatus for being connected with to control the magnet switching electricity.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the periphery of the housing is provided with multiple attachment devices.
Preferably, in above-mentioned powered shock absorption device, the periphery of the housing equably sets there are four the connections to fill It puts.
Provided by the present invention for the powered shock absorption device of hoisting process, including housing and the use of housing periphery is arranged at In connecting fixed attachment device with segmentation, enclosure interior is provided with mass block and support construction, and mass block slidingly supports On the supporting surface of support construction, the periphery of mass block is connected with multiple damping shock absorptions pair, and each damping shock absorption is to including side by side The hydraulic damper and air spring of setting, one end of hydraulic damper is articulated with mass block outer wall and the other end is articulated with housing Inner wall, the axis of the hinge at hydraulic damper both ends is each perpendicular to the supporting surface of support construction, one end connection of air spring The inner wall of housing is connected in mass block outer wall and the other end, hydraulic damper is connected with hydraulic damping regulating device, air bullet Spring is connected with air spring regulating device.
The powered shock absorption device is placed in segmentation before lifting, placement direction ensures the opposite hydraulic pressure resistance of two of which Buddhist nun's device direction is identical with maximum wind load direction, and housing is fixed in segmentation using attachment device.Segmentation, monitoring segmentation are lifted Vibration Condition, adjust the damped coefficient of hydraulic damper by controlling hydraulic damping regulating device, meanwhile, pass through control it is empty Gas spring regulating device adjusts the coefficient of elasticity of air spring.It is significantly dropped come the vibration for being segmented lifting by dynamic regulation It is low, and be finally stopped and adjust hydraulic damper and air spring, reach effectiveness in vibration suppression so as to stablize lifting and lifting position Put adjusting.After the completion of lifting, unclamping attachment device makes the powered shock absorption device be separated with segmentation.
The articulated connection of hydraulic damper and mass block and housing in the present invention can ensure mass block on the support structure It moves freely, so as to fulfill multidirectional shock attenuation result in a plane;The damped coefficient of hydraulic damper and air spring Coefficient of elasticity is adjustable, ensure that the broad applicability of the powered shock absorption device, you can be suitable for different wind loads and not The situations such as same lifting segmentation.
Description of the drawings
It in order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the powered shock absorption device overall structure diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the powered shock absorption device in the specific embodiment of the invention.
In Fig. 1 and Fig. 2:
1- housings, 2- mass blocks, 3- damping shock absorptions to, 4- hydraulic dampers, 5- air springs, 6- attachment devices, 7- electricity Magnetic controller, 8- air springs regulating device, 9- hydraulic dampings regulating device, 10- hinges, 11- support constructions.
Specific embodiment
Core of the present invention is to provide a kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process, which not only may be used To carry out effective absorbing to the segmentation of lifting, lifting efficiency is improved, and controllability is good, applicability is high.
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without making creative work Embodiment belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Referring to Fig.1 and 2, Fig. 1 is the powered shock absorption device overall structure diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention, figure 2 be the front view of the powered shock absorption device in the specific embodiment of the invention.
It, should the present invention provides a kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process in a kind of specific embodiment scheme Powered shock absorption device includes housing 1 and is arranged at being used for and the fixed attachment device 6 of segmentation connection, housing 1 for 1 periphery of housing Mass block 2 and support construction 11 are internally provided with, mass block 2 is slidably supported on the supporting surface of support construction 11, quality The periphery of block 2 is connected with multiple damping shock absorptions to 3, and each damping shock absorption includes the hydraulic damper 4 and air that are arranged side by side to 3 Spring 5, one end of hydraulic damper 4 is articulated with 2 outer wall of mass block and the other end is articulated with the inner wall of housing 1, hydraulic damper 4 The axis of the hinge 10 at both ends is each perpendicular to the supporting surface of support construction 11, and one end of air spring 5 is connected to 2 outer wall of mass block And the other end is connected to the inner wall of housing 1, hydraulic damper 4 is connected with hydraulic damping regulating device 9, and air spring 5 is connected with Air spring regulating device 8.
It should be noted that support housing of the housing 1 as entire powered shock absorption device, damping shock absorption fills when internal Put, outside be attachment device 6.In order to further improve the applicability of the powered shock absorption device, it is preferable that the housing of this programme 1 is arranged with support construction 11 in the two sides up and down of mass block 2.As shown in Fig. 2, support construction 11 is designed as symmetrical above and below point Cloth, housing 1 also just without the differentiation of positive and negative, thus can cause entire powered shock absorption device that can both be placed on segmentation Above, and section underneath can be suspended on.It should be noted that when in use, housing 1 is horizontally disposed, i.e. support construction 11 Supporting surface is horizontal plane, and mass block 2 then can be free to slide in the horizontal plane.It is of course also possible to the support by support construction 11 Face is horizontal by certain angle.
It should be noted that the effect of support construction 11 is to provide brace foundation for mass block 2, in order to enable mass block 2 It is enough to be slided more freely on the supporting surface of support construction 11, it is preferable that the support construction 11 in this programme includes being arranged at Multiple ball bearings that are inside housing 1 and being contacted with 2 surface scrolls of mass block, these ball bearings form support mass block 2 supporting surface while mass block 2 inside supporing shell 1, can make mass block 2 opposite under smaller frictional resistance Support construction is slided.It is further preferred that multiple ball bearings are distributed in circular ring shape.As shown in Fig. 2, support construction 11 is located at housing Center position inside 1, and distribution symmetrical above and below.Support construction 11, which specifically includes, is uniformly fixed on housing inner wall about 1 Multiple ball bearings in circular ring shape distribution, the size of these ball bearing distributed areas, so as under support working condition Mass block 2 determines for principle.
It should be noted that damping shock absorption is used as an individual absorbing unit to 3, it can be used for absorption segmentation should on edge Therefore damping shock absorption, is disposed with damping shock absorption to 3 on more multi-direction, can just absorb more to the vibration on 3 extending direction The vibration in direction.For the ease of absorbing vibration of the segmentation along more direction, it is preferable that damping shock absorption in this programme to 3 number Amount needs to be more than or equal to three, further, these damping shock absorptions to 3 is evenly arranged in the circumferential direction of mass block 2, can realized More uniformly absorbing is carried out to segmentation.
It should be noted that being connected with damping shock absorption around mass block 2 to 3, mass block 2 is placed by support construction 11 In the central area of housing 1.The shape in 2 section of mass block can be triangle, rectangle, square, hexagon, octagon or its His irregular shape, it is preferable that the mass block 2 in this programme is square, as shown in Figure 1, damping shock absorption is four to 3 quantity A, i.e. four side walls of mass block 2 are respectively connected with hydraulic damper 4 and air spring 5.
Preferably, the housing 1 in this programme is designed as round box structure, and mass block 2 is arranged in the centre bit of housing 1 Put, and each damping shock absorption to 3 along housing 1 radial arrangement.So set, when the powered shock absorption device is installed, it will Two of which hydraulic damper 4 positioned opposite (such as 2 left and right sides of mass block, two hydraulic dampings positioned opposite in Fig. 1 Device 4) extending direction it is identical with maximum wind load direction, so that it may so that mass block 2 directly moves 3 extending direction along damping shock absorption It is dynamic, reduce twist motion, improve shock attenuation result.
The both ends of hydraulic damper 4 are hinged respectively by hinge 10 and mass block 2 and housing 1, therefore, allow to swing, The damped coefficient of hydraulic damper 4 can be changed by changing hydraulic pressure simultaneously.Hydraulic damper 4 with hydraulic damping tune Regulating device 9 connects, and hydraulic damping regulating device 9 provides pressure for hydraulic damper 4, while can be adjusted by adjusting pressure Damped coefficient.
Air spring 5 is distributed side by side with hydraulic damper 4, and the both ends of air spring 5 are connected to mass block 2 and housing 1, it can be by adjusting air pressure come regulation elasticity coefficient.Air spring 5 is connected with air spring regulating device 8, air spring Regulating device 8 provides air pressure for air spring 5, while can adjust the coefficient of elasticity of air spring 5 by adjusting air pressure.
It should be noted that the effect of attachment device 6 is that entire powered shock absorption device is fixed on to the segmented surface of lifting, It can realize that connection is fixed by a variety of fixed forms, such as bolt is fixed, magnet adsorption is fixed, it is fixed etc. to be buckled, excellent Selection of land, attachment device 6 in this programme are internally provided with electromagnet, and when the solenoid is energized, housing 1 can be filled by the connection It puts and is stably fixed in segmentation.Further, attachment device 6 is connected with to control the electromagnetic control apparatus of magnet switching electricity 7, the power on/off of the electromagnet of attachment device 6 is controlled by electromagnetic control apparatus 7, and then controls entire powered shock absorption device with dividing The connection of section improves the convenience of operation, high degree of automation with separating.
In order to further ensure housing 1 and the firm connection of segmentation, it is preferable that set in this programme in the periphery of housing 1 There are multiple attachment devices 6, further, equably set there are four attachment device 6, such as Fig. 1 in the periphery of housing 1 in this programme It is shown.
The use process of powered shock absorption device provided by the invention is as follows:
Before lifting, which is placed on segmentation upper surface and is either segmented lower surface or above and below segmentation Surface is placed in pairs, and the placement direction of each powered shock absorption device ensures two of which 4 direction of hydraulic damper positioned opposite It is identical with maximum wind load direction.The electromagnet that electromagnetic control apparatus 7 controls attachment device 6 is controlled to be powered, makes powered shock absorption device With being segmented firm connection.Segmentation has been lifted, has monitored the Vibration Condition of segmentation.Hydraulic damping regulating device 9 is controlled to adjust hydraulic pressure The damped coefficient of damper 4, meanwhile, air spring regulating device 8 is controlled to adjust the coefficient of elasticity of air spring 5.By dynamic The vibration that state adjusts to be segmented lifting is greatly reduced, and is finally stopped and adjusts hydraulic damper 4 and air spring 5, reaches and subtracts It shakes effect, is adjusted so as to stablize lifting and Hoisting Position.After the completion of lifting, the control control connection of electromagnetic control apparatus 7 The electromagnet power-off of device 6, makes powered shock absorption device be separated with segmentation.
As it can be seen that the distribution characteristics and hydraulic damper 4 and mass block 2 and housing 1 of four hydraulic dampers 4 of the present invention Articulated connection mode can ensure the moving freely in a plane of mass block 2, so as to fulfill multi-direction in a plane Absorbing;The adjustability of the damped coefficient of hydraulic damper 4 and the coefficient of elasticity of air spring 5, ensure that powered shock absorption device Broad applicability, you can be suitable for different wind loads, different liftings segmentation etc. situations.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables professional and technical personnel in the field to realize or use the present invention. A variety of modifications of these embodiments will be apparent for those skilled in the art, it is as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, it is of the invention The embodiments shown herein is not intended to be limited to, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The most wide scope caused.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process, which is characterized in that including housing (1) and be arranged at the housing (1) periphery be used for connect fixed attachment device (6) with segmentation, the housing (1) is internally provided with mass block (2) and support Structure (11), the mass block (2) are slidably supported on the supporting surface of the support construction (11), the mass block (2) Periphery be connected with multiple damping shock absorptions to (3), the hydraulic damper that each damping shock absorption includes being arranged side by side to (3) (4) and air spring (5), one end of the hydraulic damper (4) is articulated with the mass block (2) outer wall and the other end is articulated with The inner wall of the housing (1), the axis of the hinge (10) at hydraulic damper (4) both ends are each perpendicular to the support construction (11) supporting surface, one end of the air spring (5) is connected to the mass block (2) outer wall and the other end is connected to the shell The inner wall of body (1), the hydraulic damper (4) are connected with hydraulic damping regulating device (9), and the air spring (5) is connected with Air spring regulating device (8), the attachment device (6) is internally provided with electromagnet, and the attachment device (6) connection is useful In the electromagnetic control apparatus (7) for controlling the magnet switching electricity.
2. powered shock absorption device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the housing (1) is in the mass block (2) Upper and lower two sides are arranged with the support construction (11).
3. powered shock absorption device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the support construction (11) includes being arranged at institute State multiple ball bearings that housing (1) is internal and is contacted with the mass block (2) surface scrolls.
4. powered shock absorption device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that multiple ball bearings are in circular ring shape point Cloth.
5. powered shock absorption device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the damping shock absorption is more than the quantity of (3) Equal to three, and multiple damping shock absorptions are evenly arranged in (3) circumferential direction of the mass block (2).
6. powered shock absorption device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the section of the mass block (2) is square, Four side walls of the mass block (2) be all connected with there are one the damping shock absorption to (3).
7. powered shock absorption device according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the housing (1) be round box structure, institute State the center that mass block (2) is arranged in the housing (1), and each damping shock absorption to (3) along the housing (1) Radial arrangement.
8. powered shock absorption device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the periphery of the housing (1) is provided with multiple The attachment device (6).
9. powered shock absorption device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the periphery of the housing (1) is equably set There are four the attachment devices (6).
CN201610681718.0A 2016-08-17 2016-08-17 A kind of powered shock absorption device for hoisting process Active CN106051032B (en)

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CN106758765B (en) * 2016-11-09 2019-03-05 东南大学 A kind of multidimensional tuned mass damper
CN106895108B (en) * 2017-03-28 2019-06-18 北京金风科创风电设备有限公司 Powered shock absorption device, pylon and wind power generating set
CN113217571A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-08-06 陕西国防工业职业技术学院 Electromechanical device damping device

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