CN106049786B - A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard - Google Patents

A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106049786B
CN106049786B CN201610426041.6A CN201610426041A CN106049786B CN 106049786 B CN106049786 B CN 106049786B CN 201610426041 A CN201610426041 A CN 201610426041A CN 106049786 B CN106049786 B CN 106049786B
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layer
parts
insulating layer
uniformly mixed
decorative
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CN106049786A (en
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王德全
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Anhui Dequan New Building Materials Technology Co Ltd
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Anhui Dequan New Building Materials Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0875Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B26/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing only organic binders, e.g. polymer or resin concrete
    • C04B26/02Macromolecular compounds
    • C04B26/10Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C04B26/12Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones
    • C04B26/122Phenol-formaldehyde condensation polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/045Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against fire

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, including basic unit, ccf layer, tack coat, decorative mortar layer, insulating layer, emulsion layer, decorative coveringn and wearing layer;Ccf layer is covered in above basic unit;Ccf layer is filled with filler by multiple parallel or be staggered and form the workpiece of filled cavity and form in filled cavity;Tack coat is covered in above ccf layer, decorative mortar layer is covered in above tack coat, insulating layer is covered in above decorative mortar layer, emulsion layer is covered in above insulating layer, emulsion layer upper surface forms decorative coveringn coated with decorative paint, and decorative coveringn upper surface forms wearing layer coated with transparent wear-resistant paint.

Description

A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard
Technical field
The present invention relates to wallboard technical field, more particularly to a kind of elastic fireproof wallboard.
Background technology
It is higher and higher recently as attention of the country to building, requirement of the people to wallboard.Wallboard is pressed using function point Class is divided into two major class of lining and Side fascia.Lining has sound insulation and fireproof as a kind of new house decorative material Function, suitable for medium-to-high grade decoration, has the characteristics that lightweight, moisture-proof, easy processing, installation are simple, current lining is deposited mostly Fire protecting performance is poor the defects of.
The content of the invention
Based on technical problem existing for background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, prevents with excellent Fiery performance, from fiery self-extinguishment, toughness and intensity are high, and elasticity is good.
A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard proposed by the present invention, including basic unit, ccf layer, tack coat, decorative mortar layer, insulation Layer, emulsion layer, decorative coveringn and wearing layer;Ccf layer is covered in above basic unit;Ccf layer is by multiple parallel or be staggered simultaneously The workpiece composition of filled cavity is formed, filler is filled with filled cavity;Tack coat is covered in above ccf layer, and decorative mortar layer covers Cover above tack coat, insulating layer is covered in above decorative mortar layer, and emulsion layer is covered in above insulating layer, emulsion layer upper surface Decorative coveringn is formed coated with decorative paint, decorative coveringn upper surface forms wearing layer coated with transparent wear-resistant paint.
Preferably, the raw material of insulating layer includes by weight:It is poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)50~60 parts, diphenyl phosphate chloride 75~ 80 parts, 3~3.5 parts of vermiculite power, 2.5~3 parts of zeolite powder, 3~4 parts of dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide, phenolic resin 12 ~15 parts, 15~20 parts of foaming agent, 6~8 parts of blowing promotor, 7~10 parts of expanded graphite, 15~18 parts of calcium silicates, mineral wool 7~ 10 parts, 3~6 parts of nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, 1~2 part of carbon fiber, 12~15 parts of tossa, 22~25 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 2~3 parts of antioxidant.
Preferably, in the raw material of insulating layer, gather(4- ethyl -phenols), diphenyl phosphate chloride, vermiculite power, zeolite powder, diformazan Base two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide, the weight ratio of phenolic resin are 52~55:76~78:3.2~3.4:2.6~2.8:3.3~ 3.8:13~14.
Preferably, in the raw material of insulating layer, expanded graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon are fine Dimension, the weight ratio of tossa are 8~9:16~17:8~9:4~5:1.5~1.8:13~14.
Preferably, the preparation method of insulating layer is as follows:
S1, will diphenyl phosphate chloride add tetrahydrofuran in be uniformly mixed obtain diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- second Base phenol)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution is added dropwise, then heat up, Flow back, nitrogen protection is carried out in reflux course, is then cleaned, vacuum drying obtains mixed material;
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder, be uniformly mixed by S2, then carries out hydro-thermal reaction, is washed out, dry, adds diformazan Base two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide is uniformly mixed, and is heated up, insulation, is not stopped to stir in insulating process, is stood cooling, wash to filtrate Middle no bromide ion, dry, grinding obtains organic filler;
S3, by mixed material be warming up to molten condition, adds organic filler and phenolic resin after mixing, then plus Enter expanded graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, tossa, magnesium hydroxide, antioxidant to mix Close uniformly, then add foaming agent and blowing promotor is uniformly mixed, coated in decorative mortar layer surface, then heat up, keep the temperature To insulating layer.
Preferably, in the S1 of insulating layer preparation method, diphenyl phosphate chloride is added into uniformly mixed in tetrahydrofuran obtain Diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then be added dropwise Diphenyl phosphate chloride solution, time for adding are 2~2.5h, are then warming up to 70~72 DEG C, and flow back 5~5.5h, in reflux course Nitrogen protection is carried out, is then cleaned, vacuum drying obtains mixed material.
Preferably, in the S2 of insulating layer preparation method, vermiculite power and zeolite powder are uniformly mixed, it is anti-then to carry out hydro-thermal Should, the temperature of hydro-thermal reaction is 150~160 DEG C, and the time of hydro-thermal reaction is 10~12h, is washed out, dry, adds two Methyl two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide is uniformly mixed, and is warming up to 55~65 DEG C, is kept the temperature 5~6h, is not stopped to stir in insulating process, quiet Cooling is put, is washed into filtrate without bromide ion, dry, grinding obtains organic filler.
Preferably, in the S3 of insulating layer preparation method, 50~60 DEG C are warming up to, keeps the temperature 1~1.5h.
In the insulating layer preparation process of the present invention, using poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)Reacted, made with diphenyl phosphate chloride Diphenyl phosphate chloride is easy to slough chlorine atom, so as to be connected on poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)Phenolic hydroxyl group on, while obtain hydrogen chloride, Diethylamine is added in reaction process, promotes reaction equation to carry out to the right, is improved poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)And diphenyl phosphate chloride Reaction speed, gained mixed material contains diphenyl phosphate group.
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder are subjected to hydro-thermal reaction, get through the vermiculite power micropore different with script estrangement in zeolite powder, Increase micropore volume, and partial pore can be made to be expanded into mesoporous under high pressure, cause average pore size to increase, add diformazan Base two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide is uniformly mixed, and vermiculite power and zeolite powder surface are modified, are easy to compatible with mixed material, Improve the uniformity that organic filler disperses in mixed material.
Organic filler cooperation phenolic resin is dispersed in mixed material, and organic filler is with less layer unit and phenolic aldehyde Resin is evenly distributed in mixed material, and for the piece layer unit of organic filler as two-dimensional nano particle, interaction force is stronger, mixes Compound material coordinates its strand to be fettered with the two, and locomitivity declines, and the specific surface area of organic filler is big, with mixture Material has big, the very strong interface interaction of contact interface, so that organic filler and phenolic resin play phase in microstructure When in the effect of crosslinking points, and carbon fiber, tossa promote mixed material to form three-dimensional crosslinking structure in macrostructure, on State five and complement each other to form fine and close crosslinked net structure, material is produced more micro-cracks and plasticity when being impacted Deformation, so as to absorb more impact energys, improves toughening effect and intensity.
Due to containing diphenyl phosphate group in mixed material, phosphorus atoms content in mixed material is improved, makes the present invention In combustion, since bond energy of the bond energy of C-C keys more than C-P is big, the phosphorus-containing compound of heated energy force difference takes the lead in decomposing Go out phosphoric acid and a variety of organic phospho acids play the role of covering, also cause polymer to be dehydrated to form heat-insulated, oxygen barrier carbon residue layer, prevent Heat internally transmits.Phenyl ring is as rigid radical in mixed material, and P-O key compliances are higher, phenyl ring and P-O key phase interworkings Close, the rigidity of mixed material and flexibility is reached balance, on the one hand enable that mixed material is water-fast, heat-resisting and resistance against compression is increased By force, improve the adhesive force of mixed material, be on the other hand improved the impact flexibility of mixed material, make mixed material be suitable for making For insulating layer.
And organic filler, phenolic resin, expanded graphite and magnesium hydroxide cooperate, when insulating layer high temperature, intercalation Compound rapid vaporization produces graphite flake layer huge axial thrust, expanded graphite is expanded hundreds and thousands of times along c-axis direction, shape Into the graphite worm with level Four pore structure, combined with organic filler, phenolic resin and be collectively forming insulating course;And magnesium hydroxide is warm Decompose, discharge the crystallization water, oxygen in play the role of absorbing heat cooling effect and diluent air, on the other hand, hydrogen at high temperature Magnesia decomposes generation magnesia, is attached to one layer of glassy state inorganic intumescent layer of formation on the surface of polymer;Insulating course, glass Phosphoric acid and a variety of organic phospho acids and carbon residue layer cooperate in state inorganic intumescent layer, mixed material, on the one hand prevent the combustion heat Measure and conducted to matrix, prevent matrix from being thermally decomposed;On the other hand fuel gas is prevented to external diffusion and oxygen mix, effectively cut-out The transmission channels of combustion system heat and material, interrupt " combustion triangle shape ", insulating layer is met fire fire-retardant, from fiery self-extinguishment.
Using modified poly- in the insulating layer of the present invention(4- ethyl -phenols)As major ingredient, coordinate organic filler, phenolic resin, Expanded graphite, magnesium hydroxide, make the fireproofing and heat resistant excellent performance of insulating layer, toughness and adhesive force are high, and adhesive strength is high;Foaming Agent, blowing promotor, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel cooperate, and substantially reduce the thermal conductivity factor and density of insulating layer, Improve heat-proof quality of the present invention;And carbon fiber, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, magnesium hydroxide phase interworking Close, make insulating layer tenacity excellent, compression resistant ability is outstanding, while can restrict foaming agent and excessively foam, and promotes foam hole aperture equal It is even consistent.
Being provided with beneficial to weight is mitigated due to filled cavity, saves material, the setting of supporting layer in the ccf layer of the present invention Be conducive to, by by galassing stand to multiple workpiece of ccf layer, avoid ccf layer due to unreliable caused by workpiece discontinuity Property.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of elastic fireproof wallboard proposed by the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of elastic fireproof wallboard middle frame layer proposed by the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of schematic diagram of elastic fireproof wallboard middle frame layer proposed by the present invention.
Embodiment
In the following, technical scheme is described in detail by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figs. 1-3, Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of elastic fireproof wallboard proposed by the present invention, and Fig. 2 proposes for the present invention A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard middle frame layer schematic diagram, Fig. 3 is a kind of elastic fireproof wallboard middle frame layer proposed by the present invention Schematic diagram.
With reference to Fig. 1-3, a kind of elastic fireproof wallboard proposed by the present invention, including basic unit 1, ccf layer 2, tack coat 3, plastering Screed 4, insulating layer 5, emulsion layer 6, decorative coveringn 7 and wearing layer 8;Ccf layer 2 is covered in the top of basic unit 1;Ccf layer 2 is by more It is a parallel or be staggered and form the workpiece 21 of filled cavity 20 and form, is filled with filler in filled cavity 20;Tack coat 3 covers Above ccf layer 2, decorative mortar layer 4 is covered in the top of tack coat 3, and insulating layer 5 is covered in the top of decorative mortar layer 4, latex Layer 6 is covered in the top of insulating layer 5, and 6 upper surface of emulsion layer forms decorative coveringn 7,7 upper surface of decorative coveringn coated with decorative paint Wearing layer 8 is formed coated with transparent wear-resistant paint.
Embodiment 2
A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, including basic unit 1, ccf layer 2, tack coat 3, decorative mortar layer 4, insulating layer 5, emulsion layer 6th, decorative coveringn 7 and wearing layer 8;Ccf layer 2 is covered in the top of basic unit 1;Ccf layer 2 is by multiple parallel or be staggered and formed The workpiece 21 of filled cavity 20 forms, and filler is filled with filled cavity 20;Tack coat 3 is covered in the top of ccf layer 2, decorative mortar Layer 4 is covered in the top of tack coat 3, and insulating layer 5 is covered in the top of decorative mortar layer 4, and emulsion layer 6 is covered in the top of insulating layer 5, breast 6 upper surface of glue-line forms decorative coveringn 7 coated with decorative paint, and 7 upper surface of decorative coveringn is coated with transparent wear-resistant paint shape Into wearing layer 8.
The raw material of insulating layer 5 includes by weight:It is poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)50 parts, 80 parts of diphenyl phosphate chloride, vermiculite power 3 Part, 3 parts of zeolite powder, 3 parts of dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide, 15 parts of phenolic resin, 15 parts of foaming agent, 8 parts of blowing promotor, 7 parts of expanded graphite, 18 parts of calcium silicates, 7 parts of mineral wool, 6 parts of nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, 1 part of carbon fiber, tossa 15 Part, 22 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 3 parts of antioxidant.
The preparation method of insulating layer 5 is as follows:
S1, will diphenyl phosphate chloride add tetrahydrofuran in be uniformly mixed obtain diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- second Base phenol)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution is added dropwise, then heat up, Flow back, nitrogen protection is carried out in reflux course, is then cleaned, vacuum drying obtains mixed material;
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder, be uniformly mixed by S2, then carries out hydro-thermal reaction, is washed out, dry, adds diformazan Base two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide is uniformly mixed, and is heated up, insulation, is not stopped to stir in insulating process, is stood cooling, wash to filtrate Middle no bromide ion, dry, grinding obtains organic filler;
S3, by mixed material be warming up to molten condition, adds organic filler and phenolic resin after mixing, then plus Enter expanded graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, tossa, magnesium hydroxide, antioxidant to mix Close uniformly, then add foaming agent and blowing promotor is uniformly mixed, coated in 4 surface of decorative mortar layer, then heat up, keep the temperature To insulating layer 5.
Embodiment 3
A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, including basic unit 1, ccf layer 2, tack coat 3, decorative mortar layer 4, insulating layer 5, emulsion layer 6th, decorative coveringn 7 and wearing layer 8;Ccf layer 2 is covered in the top of basic unit 1;Ccf layer 2 is by multiple parallel or be staggered and formed The workpiece 21 of filled cavity 20 forms, and filler is filled with filled cavity 20;Tack coat 3 is covered in the top of ccf layer 2, decorative mortar Layer 4 is covered in the top of tack coat 3, and insulating layer 5 is covered in the top of decorative mortar layer 4, and emulsion layer 6 is covered in the top of insulating layer 5, breast 6 upper surface of glue-line forms decorative coveringn 7 coated with decorative paint, and 7 upper surface of decorative coveringn is coated with transparent wear-resistant paint shape Into wearing layer 8.
The raw material of insulating layer 5 includes by weight:It is poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)60 parts, 75 parts of diphenyl phosphate chloride, vermiculite power 3.5 Part, 2.5 parts of zeolite powder, 4 parts of dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide, 12 parts of phenolic resin, 20 parts of foaming agent, blowing promotor 6 Part, 10 parts of expanded graphite, 15 parts of calcium silicates, 10 parts of mineral wool, 3 parts of nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, 2 parts of carbon fiber, jute fibre 12 parts of dimension, 25 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 2 parts of antioxidant.
The preparation method of insulating layer 5 is as follows:
S1, will diphenyl phosphate chloride add tetrahydrofuran in be uniformly mixed obtain diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- second Base phenol)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution is added dropwise, then heat up, Flow back, nitrogen protection is carried out in reflux course, is then cleaned, vacuum drying obtains mixed material;
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder, be uniformly mixed by S2, then carries out hydro-thermal reaction, is washed out, dry, adds diformazan Base two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide is uniformly mixed, and is heated up, insulation, is not stopped to stir in insulating process, is stood cooling, wash to filtrate Middle no bromide ion, dry, grinding obtains organic filler;
S3, by mixed material be warming up to molten condition, adds organic filler and phenolic resin after mixing, then plus Enter expanded graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, tossa, magnesium hydroxide, antioxidant to mix Close uniformly, then add foaming agent and blowing promotor is uniformly mixed, coated in 4 surface of decorative mortar layer, then heat up, keep the temperature To insulating layer 5.
Embodiment 4
A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, including basic unit 1, ccf layer 2, tack coat 3, decorative mortar layer 4, insulating layer 5, emulsion layer 6th, decorative coveringn 7 and wearing layer 8;Ccf layer 2 is covered in the top of basic unit 1;Ccf layer 2 is by multiple parallel or be staggered and formed The workpiece 21 of filled cavity 20 forms, and filler is filled with filled cavity 20;Tack coat 3 is covered in the top of ccf layer 2, decorative mortar Layer 4 is covered in the top of tack coat 3, and insulating layer 5 is covered in the top of decorative mortar layer 4, and emulsion layer 6 is covered in the top of insulating layer 5, breast 6 upper surface of glue-line forms decorative coveringn 7 coated with decorative paint, and 7 upper surface of decorative coveringn is coated with transparent wear-resistant paint shape Into wearing layer 8.
The raw material of insulating layer 5 includes by weight:It is poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)52 parts, 78 parts of diphenyl phosphate chloride, vermiculite power 3.2 Part, 2.8 parts of zeolite powder, 3.3 parts of dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide, 14 parts of phenolic resin, 16 parts of foaming agent, blowing promotor 7.5 parts, 8 parts of expanded graphite, 17 parts of calcium silicates, 8 parts of mineral wool, 5 parts of nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, 1.5 parts of carbon fiber, jute 14 parts of fiber, 23 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 2.5 parts of antioxidant.
The preparation method of insulating layer 5 is as follows:
S1, will diphenyl phosphate chloride add tetrahydrofuran in be uniformly mixed obtain diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- second Base phenol)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution, time for adding is added dropwise For 2h, 72 DEG C are then warming up to, flow back 5h, carries out nitrogen protection in reflux course, then cleans, vacuum drying obtains mixture Material;
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder, be uniformly mixed by S2, then carries out hydro-thermal reaction, the temperature of hydro-thermal reaction is 160 DEG C, water The time of thermal response is 10h, is washed out, dry, adds dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide and is uniformly mixed, is warming up to 65 DEG C, 5h is kept the temperature, does not stop to stir in insulating process, stands cooling, washed into filtrate without bromide ion, dry, grinding is had Machine filler;
S3, by mixed material be warming up to molten condition, adds organic filler and phenolic resin after mixing, then plus Enter expanded graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, tossa, magnesium hydroxide, antioxidant to mix Close uniformly, then add foaming agent and blowing promotor is uniformly mixed, coated in 4 surface of decorative mortar layer, then heat to 60 DEG C, Insulation 1h obtains insulating layer 5.
Embodiment 5
A kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, including basic unit 1, ccf layer 2, tack coat 3, decorative mortar layer 4, insulating layer 5, emulsion layer 6th, decorative coveringn 7 and wearing layer 8;Ccf layer 2 is covered in the top of basic unit 1;Ccf layer 2 is by multiple parallel or be staggered and formed The workpiece 21 of filled cavity 20 forms, and filler is filled with filled cavity 20;Tack coat 3 is covered in the top of ccf layer 2, decorative mortar Layer 4 is covered in the top of tack coat 3, and insulating layer 5 is covered in the top of decorative mortar layer 4, and emulsion layer 6 is covered in the top of insulating layer 5, breast 6 upper surface of glue-line forms decorative coveringn 7 coated with decorative paint, and 7 upper surface of decorative coveringn is coated with transparent wear-resistant paint shape Into wearing layer 8.
The raw material of insulating layer 5 includes by weight:It is poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)55 parts, 76 parts of diphenyl phosphate chloride, vermiculite power 3.4 Part, 2.6 parts of zeolite powder, 3.8 parts of dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide, 13 parts of phenolic resin, 19 parts of foaming agent, blowing promotor 6.5 parts, 9 parts of expanded graphite, 16 parts of calcium silicates, 9 parts of mineral wool, 4 parts of nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, 1.8 parts of carbon fiber, jute 13 parts of fiber, 24 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 2.3 parts of antioxidant.
The preparation method of insulating layer 5 is as follows:
S1, will diphenyl phosphate chloride add tetrahydrofuran in be uniformly mixed obtain diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- second Base phenol)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution, time for adding is added dropwise For 2.5h, 70 DEG C are then warming up to, flow back 5.5h, carries out nitrogen protection in reflux course, then cleans, vacuum drying is mixed Compound material;
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder, be uniformly mixed by S2, then carries out hydro-thermal reaction, the temperature of hydro-thermal reaction is 150 DEG C, water The time of thermal response is 12h, is washed out, dry, adds dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide and is uniformly mixed, is warming up to 55 DEG C, 6h is kept the temperature, does not stop to stir in insulating process, stands cooling, washed into filtrate without bromide ion, dry, grinding is had Machine filler;
S3, by mixed material be warming up to molten condition, adds organic filler and phenolic resin after mixing, then plus Enter expanded graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, tossa, magnesium hydroxide, antioxidant to mix Close uniformly, then add foaming agent and blowing promotor is uniformly mixed, coated in 4 surface of decorative mortar layer, then heat to 50 DEG C, Insulation 1.5h obtains insulating layer 5.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of elastic fireproof wallboard, it is characterised in that including basic unit(1), ccf layer(2), tack coat(3), decorative mortar layer (4), insulating layer(5), emulsion layer(6), decorative coveringn(7)And wearing layer(8);Ccf layer(2)It is covered in basic unit(1)Top;Frame Rack-layer(2)By multiple parallel or be staggered and form filled cavity(20)Workpiece(21)Composition, filled cavity(20)Inside it is filled with Filler;Tack coat(3)It is covered in ccf layer(2)Top, decorative mortar layer(4)It is covered in tack coat(3)Top, insulating layer (5)It is covered in decorative mortar layer(4)Top, emulsion layer(6)It is covered in insulating layer(5)Top, emulsion layer(6)Upper surface is coated with Decorative paint forms decorative coveringn(7), decorative coveringn(7)Upper surface forms wearing layer coated with transparent wear-resistant paint(8);
Insulating layer(5)Preparation method it is as follows:
S1, will diphenyl phosphate chloride add tetrahydrofuran in be uniformly mixed obtain diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- ethylo benzenes Phenol)Add in tetrahydrofuran and be uniformly mixed, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution is added dropwise, then heat up, return Flow, nitrogen protection is carried out in reflux course, is then cleaned, vacuum drying obtains mixed material;
Vermiculite power and zeolite powder, be uniformly mixed by S2, then carries out hydro-thermal reaction, is washed out, dry, adds dimethyl two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide is uniformly mixed, and is heated up, insulation, is not stopped to stir in insulating process, is stood cooling, wash into filtrate nothing Bromide ion, dry, grinding obtains organic filler;
S3, by mixed material be warming up to molten condition, adds organic filler and phenolic resin after mixing, is subsequently added into swollen Swollen graphite, calcium silicates, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, tossa, magnesium hydroxide, antioxidant mixing are equal It is even, then add foaming agent and blowing promotor is uniformly mixed, coated in decorative mortar layer(4)Surface, then heats up, and insulation obtains Insulating layer(5).
2. elastic fireproof wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that insulating layer(5)Raw material include by weight:It is poly- (4- ethyl -phenols)50~60 parts, 75~80 parts of diphenyl phosphate chloride, 3~3.5 parts of vermiculite power, 2.5~3 parts of zeolite powder, diformazan 3~4 parts of base two (octadecyl) ammonium bromide, 12~15 parts of phenolic resin, 15~20 parts of foaming agent, 6~8 parts of blowing promotor are swollen Swollen 7~10 parts of graphite, 15~18 parts of calcium silicates, 7~10 parts of mineral wool, 3~6 parts of nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber 1~ 2 parts, 12~15 parts of tossa, 22~25 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 2~3 parts of antioxidant.
3. elastic fireproof wallboard according to claim 2, it is characterised in that insulating layer(5)Raw material in, gather(4- ethylo benzenes Phenol), diphenyl phosphate chloride, vermiculite power, zeolite powder, dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide, the weight ratio of phenolic resin be 52 ~55:76~78:3.2~3.4:2.6~2.8:3.3~3.8:13~14.
4. elastic fireproof wallboard according to claim 2, it is characterised in that insulating layer(5)Raw material in, expanded graphite, silicon Sour calcium, mineral wool, nanometer titanium dioxide silica aerogel, carbon fiber, the weight ratio of tossa are 8~9:16~17:8~9:4~ 5:1.5~1.8:13~14.
5. elastic fireproof wallboard according to claim 3, it is characterised in that insulating layer(5)In the S1 of preparation method, by chlorine phosphorus Diphenyl phthalate, which adds to be uniformly mixed in tetrahydrofuran, obtains diphenyl phosphate chloride solution;Will be poly-(4- ethyl -phenols)Add tetrahydrochysene furan It is uniformly mixed in muttering, diethylamine is then added dropwise, then diphenyl phosphate chloride solution is added dropwise, time for adding is 2~2.5h, is then heated up To 70~72 DEG C, flow back 5~5.5h, carries out nitrogen protection in reflux course, then cleans, vacuum drying obtains mixed material.
6. elastic fireproof wallboard according to claim 3, it is characterised in that insulating layer(5)In the S2 of preparation method, by vermiculite Powder and zeolite powder are uniformly mixed, and then carry out hydro-thermal reaction, and the temperature of hydro-thermal reaction is 150~160 DEG C, the time of hydro-thermal reaction For 10~12h, it is washed out, it is dry, add dimethyl octadecyl ammonium bromide and be uniformly mixed, be warming up to 55~65 DEG C, 5~6h is kept the temperature, does not stop to stir in insulating process, stands cooling, is washed into filtrate without bromide ion, dry, grinding is had Machine filler.
7. elastic fireproof wallboard according to claim 3, it is characterised in that insulating layer(5)In the S3 of preparation method, hair is added Infusion and blowing promotor are uniformly mixed, coated in decorative mortar layer(4)Surface, then heats up, and is warming up to 50~60 DEG C, insulation 1 ~1.5h obtains insulating layer(5).
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