CN106049665B - 轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法 - Google Patents

轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法 Download PDF

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CN106049665B
CN106049665B CN201610613062.9A CN201610613062A CN106049665B CN 106049665 B CN106049665 B CN 106049665B CN 201610613062 A CN201610613062 A CN 201610613062A CN 106049665 B CN106049665 B CN 106049665B
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程晓波
龙加明
吴文刚
邓欢
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CITIC Guoan Construction Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/383Connection of concrete parts using adhesive materials, e.g. mortar or glue
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • E04B2/68Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete made by filling-up wall cavities
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B2001/4192Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete attached to concrete reinforcing elements, e.g. rods or wires

Abstract

本发明涉及轻质砌块墙现浇芯体及施工方法,结构主要包括:下层楼板、上层楼板、框架柱、砼砌块马牙槎、楼板预埋钢筋、预留灌注孔、芯柱竖向插筋、芯柱箍筋、芯柱水平支筋、竖向嵌合槽、芯柱、模数砖、轻质砌块、水平芯体、水平芯体纵筋、水平芯体箍筋、水平嵌合槽、砼砌块外边框、钢丝网、封孔预制块、对拉螺杆、紧固螺栓、砌体垫层、框架柱预留筋。主要施工步骤包括:1)预埋件和槽口预留;2)砌体墙砌筑;3)芯体砌块砌筑;4)芯体浇筑。本发明涉及的施工方法芯体能与砌体墙同步施工,无需额外支模,具有较好的经济技术效益。

Description

轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及轻质砌块墙的施工方法。
背景技术
[0002] 随着建筑业的不断发展,多种形式、轻质、节能的砌体材料取代了原有的粘土砖等 墙体材料,在现代建筑墙体中得了广泛应用。芯柱、芯梁与轻质砌体组合砌筑施工方法,极 大地减少了砌体施工中现浇圈梁、构造柱的工作量,组合施工中圈梁、构筑柱与砌体同时施 工,同时成型,省去了支设模板工序、以及支设模板、浇筑砼的工作间歇,避免了因现浇施工 中圈梁、构造柱的涨模引起的墙体平整度偏差,从而既加快了施工进度,又提高了施工质 量,使墙体表面平整度达到了直接上装饰层的效果,省去了抹灰工序,避免了空鼓开裂等抹 灰形成的质量通病。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法,为实现上述目的,本发 明米用了以下技术方案:
[0004]轻质砌块墙现浇芯体,包括:下层楼板、上层楼板、框架柱、砼砌块马牙槎、楼板预 埋钢筋、预留灌注孔、芯柱竖向插筋、芯柱箍筋、芯柱水平支筋、竖向嵌合槽、芯柱、模数砖、 轻质砌块、水平芯体、水平芯体纵筋、水平芯体箍筋、水平嵌合槽、砼砌块外边框、钢丝网、封 孔预制块、对拉螺杆、紧固螺栓、砌体垫层和框架柱预留筋;框架柱沿高度方向设有水平嵌 合槽,水平嵌合槽中部埋设框架柱预留筋,框架柱预留筋伸出框架柱;紧靠框架柱外侧设有 竖向嵌合槽,竖向嵌合槽内埋设楼板预留钢筋,楼板预留钢筋伸出竖向嵌合槽的槽口;上层 楼板设有预留灌注孔,预留灌注孔两侧埋设楼板预留钢筋;框架柱预留筋伸入芯柱,芯柱水 平支筋埋设在轻质砌块墙接缝处,伸入芯柱,对拉螺杆通过封孔预制块固定砼砌块外边框 两侧。
[0005] 轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法,包括以下施工步骤:
[0006] 1)预埋件和槽口预留:在框架柱浇筑前沿高度方向预留水平嵌合槽,水平嵌合槽 中部埋设框架柱预留筋,框架柱预留筋伸出框架柱,在下层楼板浇筑前,紧靠框架柱外侧预 留竖向嵌合槽,竖向嵌合槽内埋设楼板预留钢筋,楼板预留钢筋伸出竖向嵌合槽的槽口,上 层楼板浇筑前插入PVC管形成预留灌注孔,预留灌注孔两侧埋设楼板预留钢筋;
[0007] 2)砌块墙砌筑:先进行砌体垫层铺设,再进行模数砖墙体砌筑,轻质砌块墙砌筑至 水平芯体底部,竖向预留马牙槎;
[000S] 3)芯体砌块砌筑:先砌筑水平芯体空心砼砌块,砌筑完毕后水平芯体与上层楼板 同时浇筑混凝土,水平芯体与芯柱交界处位置不浇筑,水平芯体浇筑完毕后,砌筑芯柱空心 砼砌块,砌筑完毕后在空心砼砌块空腔处放入钢丝网,然后放入绑扎好的钢筋笼,最后通过 对拉螺杆固定芯柱上下两侧;
[0009] 4)芯体浇筑:通过预留灌注孔进行自上而下混凝土的浇筑;
[0010] 作为优选:步骤3)中所述空心砼砌块为普通砼砌块做去掉封闭底部处理,对拉螺 杆沿空心砌块长向对称设置,穿过封孔预制块通过紧固螺栓固定。
[0011] 有益效果:
[0012] (1)减少了砌体施工过程中构造柱和圈梁的工作量,避免了模板胀模等问题的出 现。
[0013] (2)加快了施工进度,又提高了施工质量,使墙体表面平整度达到了直接上装饰层 的效果,省去了抹灰工序,避免了空鼓开裂等抹灰形成的质量通病。
附图说明
[0014] 图1是轻质砌块墙现浇芯体结构示意图;
[0015] 图2是芯柱剖面示意图;
[0016] 附图标记说明:1.下层楼板;2.上层楼板;3 •框架柱;4 •砼砌块马牙槎;5.楼板预埋 钢筋;6.预留灌注孔;7.芯柱竖向插筋;8.芯柱箍筋;9•芯柱水平支筋;10 •预留竖向嵌合槽; 11 •芯柱;12 •模数砖;13.轻质砌块;14 •水平芯体;15 •水平芯体纵筋;16.水平芯体箍筋;17. 水平嵌合槽;18 •砼砌块外边框;19.钢丝网;20 •封孔预制块;21.对拉螺杆;22.紧固螺栓; 23.砌体垫层;24.框架柱预留筋。
具体实施方式
[0017] 本实施方式钢结构焊接工艺、螺栓连接施工工艺、模板设置工艺等本实施中就不 在累述,重点阐述本发明涉及结构的实施方式。
[0018]轻质砌块墙现浇芯体,包括:下层楼板1、上层楼板2、框架柱3、砼砌块马牙槎4、楼 板预埋钢筋5、预留灌注孔6、芯柱竖向插筋7、芯柱箍筋8、芯柱水平支筋9、竖向嵌合槽1〇、芯 柱11、模数砖12、轻质砌块13、水平芯体14、水平芯体纵筋15、水平芯体箍筋16、水平嵌合槽 17、砼砌块外边框18、钢丝网I9、封孔预制块2〇、对拉螺杆21、紧固螺栓22、砌体垫层23、框架 柱预留筋24。框架柱预留筋24伸入芯柱3,芯柱水平支筋9埋设在轻质砌块13墙接缝处,伸入 芯柱3,对拉螺杆21通过封孔预制块20固定砼砌块外边框两侧。
[0019] 轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法,包括以下施工步骤:
[0020] 1)预埋件和槽口预留:在框架柱3浇筑前沿高度方向预留水平嵌合槽17,水平嵌合 槽17中部埋设框架柱预留筋24,框架柱预留筋24伸出框架柱3,在下层楼板1浇筑前,紧靠框 架柱3外侧预留竖向嵌合槽10,竖向嵌合槽10内埋设楼板预留钢筋5,楼板预留钢筋5伸出槽 口,上层楼板2浇筑前插入PVC管形成预留灌注孔6,预留灌注孔6两侧埋设楼板预留钢筋5; [0021] 2)砌块墙砌筑:先进行砌体垫层23铺设,再进行模数砖12墙体砌筑,轻质砌块13墙 砌筑至水平芯体14底部,竖向预留马牙槎;
[0022] 3)芯体砌块砌筑:先砌筑水平芯体14空心砼砌块,砌筑完毕后水平芯体14与上层 楼板2同时浇筑混凝土,水平芯体14与芯柱11交界处位置不浇筑,水平芯体14浇筑完毕后, 砌筑芯柱11空心砼砌块,砌筑完毕后在空心砼砌块空腔处放入钢丝网19,然后放入绑扎好 的钢筋笼,最后通过对拉螺杆21固定芯柱3上下两侧;
[0023] 4)芯体浇筑:通过预留灌注孔6进行自上而下混凝土的浇筑;
[0024]步骤3)中所述空心砼砌块为普通砼砌块做去掉封闭底部处理,对拉螺杆21沿空心 砌块长向对称设置,穿过封孔预制块20通过紧固螺栓22固定。
[00^5]参照图1所示,图中:水平嵌合槽17沿框架柱3高度方向每隔500mm设置,每个槽口 沿高度方向长度可设2〇0〜25〇mm,宽度方向长度为100〜15〇111111,槽口位置为芯柱n与框架 柱3齐平处往内100mm,沿芯柱丨丨短向对称布置。 ⑽26]参照图1所示,图中:竖向嵌合槽1〇宽为芯柱11底宽往两侧各加50mm,深入下层楼 板1内30〜50mm。

Claims (2)

1.一种轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法,包括:下层楼板Q)、上层楼板(2)、框架柱 (3)、砼砌块马牙槎(4)、楼板预埋钢筋(5)、预留灌注孔(6)、芯柱竖向插筋(7)、芯柱箍筋 (8)、芯柱水平支筋(9)、竖向嵌合槽(10)、芯柱(U)、模数砖(12)、轻质砌块(13)、水平芯体 (14)、水平芯体纵筋(15)、水平芯体箍筋(16)、水平嵌合槽(17)、砼砌块外边框(18)、钢丝网 (19)、封孔预制块(20)、对拉螺杆(21)、紧固螺栓(22)、砌体垫层(23)和框架柱预留筋(24); 框架柱⑶沿高度方向设有水平嵌合槽(17),水平嵌合槽(17)中部埋设框架柱预留筋(24), 框架柱预留筋(24)伸出框架柱(3);紧靠框架柱(3)外侧设有竖向嵌合槽(1〇),竖向嵌合槽 (10)内埋设楼板预留钢筋⑸,楼板预留钢筋⑸伸出竖向嵌合槽(10)的槽口;上层楼板⑵ 设有预留灌注孔(6),预留灌注孔(6)两侧埋设楼板预留钢筋(5);框架柱预留筋(24)伸入芯 柱(11),芯柱水平支筋(9)埋设在轻质砌块(13)墙接缝处,伸入芯柱(11),对拉螺杆(21)通 过封孔预制块(20)固定砼砌块外边框两侧,其特征在于,包括以下施工步骤: 1) 预埋件和槽口预留:在框架柱(3)浇筑前沿高度方向预留水平嵌合槽(17),水平嵌合 槽(17)中部埋设框架柱预留筋(24),框架柱预留筋(24)伸出框架柱⑶,在下层楼板⑴浇 筑前,紧靠框架柱⑶外侧预留竖向嵌合槽(10),竖向嵌合槽(10)内埋设楼板预留钢筋(5), 楼板预留钢筋(5)伸出竖向嵌合槽(10)的槽口,上层楼板(¾浇筑前插入PVC管形成预留灌 注孔⑹,预留灌注孔⑹两侧埋设楼板预留钢筋⑸; 2) 砌块墙砌筑:先进行砌体垫层(23)铺设,再进行模数砖(12)墙体砌筑,轻质砌块(13) 墙砌筑至水平芯体(14)底部,竖向预留马牙槎; 3) 芯体砌块砌筑:先砌筑水平芯体(14)空心砼砌块,砌筑完毕后水平芯体(14)与上层 楼板⑵同时浇筑混凝土,水平芯体(14)与芯柱(11)交界处位置不浇筑,水平芯体(14)浇筑 完毕后,砌筑芯柱(11)空心砼砌块,砌筑完毕后在空心砼砌块空腔处放入钢丝网(19),然后 放入绑扎好的钢筋笼,最后通过对拉螺杆(21)固定芯柱(11)上下两侧; 4) 芯体浇筑:通过预留灌注孔⑹进行自上而下混凝土的浇筑。
2.根据权利要求1所述的轻质砌块墙现浇芯体的施工方法,其特征在于,步骤3)中所述 空心砼砌块为普通砼砌块做去掉封闭底部处理,对拉螺杆(21)沿空心砌块长向对称设置, 穿过封孔预制块(20)通过紧固螺栓(22)固定。
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