CN106049357A - Sand pillow soft mattress and manufacturing process and construction process thereof - Google Patents

Sand pillow soft mattress and manufacturing process and construction process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106049357A
CN106049357A CN201610362452.3A CN201610362452A CN106049357A CN 106049357 A CN106049357 A CN 106049357A CN 201610362452 A CN201610362452 A CN 201610362452A CN 106049357 A CN106049357 A CN 106049357A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sand
pillow
soft raft
reinforced bands
soft
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Granted
Application number
CN201610362452.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106049357B (en
Inventor
谭炜强
刘德进
程志磊
徐加峰
姜立志
冯海暴
胡子军
杨亮
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CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
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CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610362452.3A priority Critical patent/CN106049357B/en
Publication of CN106049357A publication Critical patent/CN106049357A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106049357B publication Critical patent/CN106049357B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/122Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/122Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips
    • E02B3/127Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips bags filled at the side

Abstract

The invention relates to a sand pillow soft mattress and a manufacturing process and construction process thereof and belongs to the technical field of hydraulic engineering. At present, no device capable of effectively protecting a bagged sand dike core exists, and the technical blank is filled up by the sand pillow soft mattress and the manufacturing process and construction process thereof. The sand pillow soft mattress comprises a soft mattress and a sand pillow. Reinforced belts I are arranged on the upper surface of the soft mattress longitudinally and provided with binding rings I. The tail ends of the reinforced belts I are provided with reinforced rings. Reinforced belts II are arranged on the surface of the sand pillow and provided with binding rings II. The upper surface of the sand pillow is provided with sand filling openings. The sand pillow is located on the upper surface of the soft mattress. The binding rings I and the binding rings II are connected. The sand pillow soft mattress and the manufacturing process and construction process thereof are used for protecting a bagged sand dike core.

Description

Sand rests the head on soft raft and processing technology thereof and construction technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to sand pillow soft raft and processing technology thereof and construction technology, belong to hydraulic engineering technical field.
Background technology
Replace jackstone to make the sloping breakwater of the dike heart with bagged sand, have adaptable to soft base, speed of application is fast, cost is low Advantage, 20 century 70s, large-size sand-filled bags structure introduces China.First it is widely used in river sea dykes at Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces one band Engineering, all achieves satisfied effect.But in actual application, due to dike heart outer layer it is generally required to jackstone mask, or Engineering is passed the flood period when requiring, the outer layer protection of bagged-sand dike core needs emphasis in work progress to consider, it is to avoid to dike heart sand pocket Damage, and current, also do not have a kind of device can be effectively protected bagged-sand dike core.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve the drawbacks described above that prior art exists, it is proposed that a kind of sand pillow soft raft and system thereof Making technique and construction technology, it can be effectively protected bagged-sand dike core.
The present invention is to use following technical scheme to realize: a kind of sand pillow soft raft, rests the head on including soft raft and sand, software Row's upper surface is longitudinally provided with reinforced bands I, and reinforced bands I is provided with colligation ring I, and reinforced bands I end is provided with reinforcement ring, and sand pillow surface sets Having reinforced bands II, reinforced bands II to be provided with colligation ring II, sand pillow upper surface is provided with and fills Sha Kou, and sand pillow is positioned at soft raft upper surface, Colligation ring I is connected with colligation ring II.
As preferably, on soft raft, the spacing between adjacent two reinforced bands I is identical, adjacent two reinforced bands II in sand pillow surface Between spacing and soft raft on spacing between adjacent two reinforced bands I identical.
As preferably, colligation ring I is linked together by rope with colligation ring II.
As preferably, filling sand mouth half and be positioned at sand pillow outside, it is internal that second half is positioned at sand pillow.
As preferably, soft raft head and afterbody are respectively provided with a horizontal reinforced bands III, prevent isostere from tearing.
The processing technology of a kind of sand pillow soft raft, including soft raft making step, sand pillow making step and sand pillow and software Row's Connection Step.
Soft raft making step, is included in single width geotextiles and measures line in length and breadth, determines reinforced bands I position, will Reinforced bands I sews in geotextiles and leaves colligation ring I, splices arranged adjacent, makes soft raft.
Sand pillow making step, is included in geotextiles and measures line in length and breadth, determines reinforced bands II and fills the position of sand mouth Putting, sew in geotextiles by reinforced bands II and leave colligation ring II, Sha Kou is filled in sewing, and splicing geotextiles makes sand pillow.
Sand pillow and soft raft Connection Step, be placed across its upper surface including by sand pillow along soft raft, by colligation ring I with Colligation ring II links together with rope.
As preferably, when reinforced bands I and reinforced bands II sew in geotextiles, sewing line uses 35 three strands of terylene Line, two-wire sews, and the spacing of stitch is the most straight.
As preferably, making soft raft, during splicing arranged adjacent, use the splicing of overseam method, two-wire sews, between stitch Away from straight uniformly.
The construction technology of a kind of sand pillow soft raft, comprises the following steps:
The first step: completed packed core dike construction area is carried out bathymetric surveying and side scan sonar sweeps survey;
Second step: will the coordinate input GPS locating and monitoring system of construction area, and generate construction area electronic chart, Tugboat and anchor ship assist Working Ships to cast anchor location, and adjustment anchor hawser makes Working Ships in place;
3rd step: the sand processed pillow soft raft cargo ship is transported to Working Ships limit, uses Working Ships loop wheel machine to hang Deposit to deck;
4th step: sealing off on the deck before soft raft being winched to Working Ships reel with loop wheel machine and launch, checking soft raft dispatches from the factory Whether the size of the quality certification is consistent with design size, and by satisfactory soft raft volume row;
5th step: by colligation on soft raft sand pillow charge, sand mouth will be charged after having charged and all tighten, Unclamp reel brake, utilize sand pillow deadweight, drive soft raft to decline;
6th step: loosen reel piecemeal, after Working Ships shifts certain distance every time, stops moving ship, and sandstone charging pipe is on swash plate Sand pillow is charged, continues after having charged to move a certain distance, unclasp reel, carry out filling sand, so circulate, until whole Sand pillow soft raft charges complete;
7th step: after having charged, extracts sand pillow soft raft out and connects rope, and shifting ship is to next accommodation, and arranges survey crew In time the sand pillow soft raft laid is swept survey.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
One: the sand pillow soft raft integrity of the present invention is reliable, and filling is full, and packed core dike can be formed effectively protection.
Two: the sand pillow soft raft of the present invention separates due to sand pillow and arrangement, even if sand pillow destroys, arrangement still can be to the dike heart Form protection.
Three: the sand pillow soft raft of the present invention is provided with reinforced bands so that isostere and sand pillow are the most solid reliably.
Four: the sand pillow soft raft of the present invention is rested the head on due to isostere and sand and separated, the packed core dike undesirable to molding can root According to being actually needed colligation sand pillow, and adjustment charges thickness, repairs the molding effect of packed core dike.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of soft raft;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sand pillow;
Fig. 3 is sand pillow schematic layout pattern on soft raft;
Fig. 4 is sand pillow and soft raft connection diagram;
In figure: 1 soft raft 2 colligation ring I 3 reinforced bands I 4 reinforcement ring 5 sand is rested the head on 6 reinforced bands II 7 and filled sand mouth 8 colligation Ring II.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, described sand pillow soft raft, rest the head on 5 including soft raft 1 and sand, soft raft 1 upper surface is longitudinally (left and right directions shown in Fig. 1) is provided with many reinforced bands I 3, the general wide 5cm of reinforced bands I 3, and spacing 1m is arranged, reinforced bands I 3 Being provided with colligation ring I 2, reinforced bands I 3 end is provided with reinforcement ring 4, and the diameter of reinforcement ring 4 is generally 150mm, reinforcement ring 4 during deep water Being 3 layers, reinforcement ring 4 is for being connected with the sling on Working Ships reel.Soft raft 1 head and afterbody respectively set one and soft raft Horizontal reinforced bands III (not shown) that 1 width is consistent.Soft raft 1 uses 500g/ composite earthwork cloth (380g/ machine Weave cotton cloth+150g/ non-woven fabrics) make.
Sand pillow 5 is a bag, and its surface is provided with reinforced bands II 6, and reinforced bands II 6 is provided with colligation ring II 8, table on sand pillow 5 Face is provided with 4-6 and fills sand mouth 7, fills sand mouth 7 and ensures point-blank, fills the employing of sand mouth 7 raw material and rests the head on 5 identical materials with sand Material, according to filling the design attitude of sand mouth 7, uses fourth stitch will fill sand mouth 7 and sews on unit lamina, and usually, it is 2m that sand rests the head on 5 Width, surface spacing about 1m arranges 5cm reinforced bands II 6, fills sand mouth 7 diameter 35cm, length 1.4m, stretches out bag 70cm, bag 70cm is stayed in inside.Filling sand mouth 7 sand pillow 5 and be positioned at soft raft 1 upper surface, colligation ring I 2 is connected with colligation ring II 8.
The present invention sand pillow soft raft processing length determine according to following methods, formulate sand pillow soft raft fabrication plan it Before, first packed core dike of constructing is measured, according to packed core dike contour line situation, formulate sand pillow soft raft and add section chief Degree.Sand pillow soft raft processing length, on the basis of sectional drawing measures, respectively adds the rich length of about 5m.
The sand pillow soft raft working width of the present invention determines according to following methods, and sand pillow soft raft design is laid width and is 25m, adjacent sand pillow soft raft ensures reality overlap joint 3m, soft raft working width affluence 5m.In work progress, use many ripples in time Bundle detects laying sand pillow soft raft, and according to laying sand pillow soft raft actual laying width, dynamically adjustment sand pillow is soft Body row's working width.
The processing technology of sand pillow soft raft, including soft raft making step, sand pillow making step and sand pillow with soft raft even Connect step.
Soft raft making step is as follows:
The first step: dice is rule.Rest the head on soft raft design drawing according to sand, single width geotextiles is measured in length and breadth and draws Line, to ensure that reinforced bands I position is accurate, meanwhile, according to the difference of single width combining form, carries out special marking to every piece of single width, Determine the processing sequence of every piece of single width.
Second step: reinforced bands I sews, according to reinforced bands I scribing position, sews in geotextiles by reinforced bands I and leaves Colligation ring I, when reinforced bands I sews in geotextiles, sewing line uses 35 three strands of polyester threads, and two-wire sews, the spacing of stitch The most straight.
3rd step: spelling width, the width about 3.8m of the every cloth of geotextiles, soft raft needs polylith geotextiles to be stitched together, system Becoming soft raft, adjacent geotextiles uses the splicing of overseam method, and two-wire sews, and stitch is straight uniformly, and sewing intensity is not less than source textile The 70% of intensity.
It is as follows that sand rests the head on 5 making steps, measures line in geotextiles in length and breadth, determines reinforced bands II 6 and fills sand mouth 7 Position, and leaves colligation ring II 8 by reinforced bands II 6 sewing in geotextiles, and sand mouth 7 is filled in sewing, and splicing geotextiles makes sand pillow 5.When reinforced bands II 6 sewing is in geotextiles, sewing line uses 35 three strands of polyester threads, and two-wire sews, and the spacing of stitch is uniform Straight.Sand pillow length is equal with soft raft width, sand pillow width 500g/ composite earthwork cloth (the 380g/ woven fabric of about 4m + 150g/ non-woven fabrics) doubling sewing, sand pillow periphery sewing reinforced bands II, spacing is identical with soft raft reinforced bands I.
After soft raft and sand pillow acceptance(check), pack, post label in notable position, use black woven cloth bag Wrap up in.
Sand pillow 5 when being connected with soft raft 1, is placed across its upper surface along soft raft 1 by sand pillow 5, by colligation ring I 2 and Colligation ring II 8 links together with rope.
Mode colligation ring typically being used to patch ring or doubling sewing is made, and can realize connecting between sand pillow 5 and soft raft 1 The function connect.
The construction technology of sand pillow soft raft, comprises the following steps:
The first step: before construction, levee body scope sweeps survey.Before construction, packed core dike construction area is carried out under water by project management department Shape measure and side scan sonar sweep survey, according to work before bathymetric surveying achievement to when sidescan-sonar image formed analyze knot Really.With construction survey single inspection form measurement result reported supervision office, pending after, carry out sand pillow soft raft construction.
Second step: will the coordinate input GPS locating and monitoring system of construction area, and generate construction area electronic chart, Tugboat and anchor ship assist Working Ships to cast anchor location, and adjustment anchor hawser makes Working Ships the most in place.
3rd step: the sand pillow soft raft processed transports temporary wharf shipment near job site, and cargo ship is transported to Working Ships limit, uses Working Ships loop wheel machine to hang and deposits to deck.
4th step: with loop wheel machine, sand being rested the head on opening on the deck before soft raft winches to Working Ships reel and launch, checking sand pillow is soft Whether the size of body row's product certificate is consistent with design size, and by satisfactory sand pillow soft raft volume bag.On reel often 1m sets and hangs one, nose, hangs nose and connects bifilar Ф 25 polypropylene rope (long 30m × 2 black soy sauce), and it is straight that the polypropylene rope other end and the last person stitch in advance The reinforcement ring of footpath 150mm connects.Starting reel and start volume row, during volume row, soft raft both sides are strained by paving bag operator, it is ensured that Soft raft take-up roll is even.
5th step: sand resting the head on colligation to soft raft, behind sand carrier alongside Working Ships side, on ship, slush pump is hung in by loop wheel machine Sand carrier storehouse, puts into sandpipe and fills sand mouth and tighten, and with giant, sand in sand carrier is diluted to mortar, slush pump pumping sand Starch and rest the head on into sand, after having charged, irrigation is filled sand mouth and all tightens.Slowly decline swash plate, straight at 35 ° of stoppings, and mechanical lock Fixed, under positioning software instructs, strain anchor hawser, finely tune accommodation, make swash plate front end be in the end line start position of design.According to item Mesh portion hydrologic monitoring result, before high water level, 1.5h flow velocity is more slow, descends file leader to be conducive to file leader's position control at this moment.Lower file leader Time, transfer according to mud face absolute altitude, water level and the swash plate of actual measurement under needing when the factor such as angle, swash plate length calculates file leader's implantation Degree of lengthening, 1.5h flow velocity relatively time slack before high water level, unclamp reel brake, utilize the deadweight that sand rest the head on to drive isostere decline slowly until Implantation, it is ensured that file leader position is accurate.
7th step: under the instruction of positioning software, along design axis, regulation anchor hawser slowly moves accommodation, loosens volume piecemeal Cylinder, makes soft raft be laid on riverbed.Mud face absolute altitude according to actual measurement, water level, swash plate transfer angle, swash plate length and move ship away from From etc. factor calculate and transfer isostere length every time, move ship distance by 5m control every time.After Working Ships displacement 5m, stop moving ship, open Dynamic sand pump carries out sand pillow and charges, and after reaching to charge thickness, continues to move to, unclasps reel, carries out filling sand, so circulate, until whole Individual soft raft charges complete.After sand pillow soft raft has been laid, untie nylon rope knot that can be undone by a pull and sandstone charging pipe is extracted out.
Certainly, foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is impossible to be considered for limiting inventive embodiment Scope.The present invention is also not limited to the example above, and those skilled in the art are in the essential scope of the present invention Impartial change and the improvement etc. made, all should belong to patent covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a sand pillow soft raft, it is characterised in that: including soft raft (1) and sand pillow (5), soft raft (1) upper surface longitudinally sets Having reinforced bands I (3), reinforced bands I (3) to be provided with colligation ring I (2), reinforced bands I (3) end is provided with reinforcement ring (4), sand pillow (5) table Face is provided with reinforced bands II (6), and reinforced bands II (6) is provided with colligation ring II (8), and sand pillow (5) upper surface is provided with and fills Sha Kou (7), sand Pillow (5) is positioned at soft raft (1) upper surface, and colligation ring I (2) is connected with colligation ring II (8).
Sand the most according to claim 1 pillow soft raft, it is characterised in that: upper adjacent two reinforced bands I (3) of soft raft (1) it Between spacing identical, the spacing between sand pillow (5) surface adjacent two reinforced bands II (6) and upper adjacent two reinforced bands I of soft raft (1) (3) spacing between is identical.
Sand the most according to claim 1 pillow soft raft, it is characterised in that: colligation ring I (2) and colligation ring II (8) are by rope Son links together.
Sand the most according to claim 1 pillow soft raft, it is characterised in that: fill Sha Kou (7) half and be positioned at sand pillow (5) outside, It is internal that second half is positioned at sand pillow (5).
5. the processing technology of the sand pillow soft raft described in a claim 1-4 any claim, it is characterised in that: include soft Body row's (1) making step, sand pillow (5) making step and sand pillow (5) and soft raft (1) Connection Step;
Soft raft (1) making step, is included in single width geotextiles and measures line in length and breadth, determines reinforced bands I (3) position, Reinforced bands I (3) sewing and is left colligation ring I (2) in geotextiles, splices arranged adjacent, make soft raft (1);
Sand pillow (5) making step, is included in geotextiles and measures line in length and breadth, determine reinforced bands II (6) and fill Sha Kou (7) Position, reinforced bands II (6) sewing and is left colligation ring II (8) in geotextiles, Sha Kou (7) is filled in sewing, splices geotextiles Make sand pillow (5);
Sand pillow (5) and soft raft (1) Connection Step, be placed across its upper surface including by sand pillow (5) along soft raft (1), will Colligation ring I (2) links together with rope with colligation ring II (8).
The processing technology of sand the most according to claim 5 pillow soft raft, it is characterised in that: reinforced bands I (3) and reinforced bands II (6) when sewing is in geotextiles, sewing line uses 35 three strands of polyester threads, and two-wire sews, and the spacing of stitch is the most straight.
The processing technology of sand the most according to claim 5 pillow soft raft, it is characterised in that: make soft raft (1), splice phase During adjacent arrangement, using the splicing of overseam method, two-wire sews, and the spacing of stitch is straight uniformly.
8. described in a claim 1-4 any claim sand pillow soft raft construction technology, it is characterised in that: include with Lower step,
The first step: completed packed core dike construction area is carried out bathymetric surveying and side scan sonar sweeps survey;
Second step: will the coordinate input GPS locating and monitoring system of construction area, and generate construction area electronic chart, tugboat And anchor ship assists Working Ships to cast anchor location, adjustment anchor hawser, make Working Ships in place;
3rd step: the sand processed pillow soft raft cargo ship is transported to Working Ships limit, uses Working Ships loop wheel machine to hang to first Plate is deposited;
4th step: sealing off on the deck before soft raft (1) being winched to Working Ships reel with loop wheel machine and launch, checking soft raft (1) goes out Whether the size of factory's quality certification is consistent with design size, and by satisfactory soft raft (1) volume row;
5th step: colligation sand pillow (5) on soft raft (1) is charged, will charge after having charged and fill Sha Kou (7) all Tighten, unclamp reel brake, utilize sand pillow (5) deadweight, drive soft raft (1) to decline;
6th step: loosen reel piecemeal, after Working Ships shifts certain distance every time, stop move ship, sandstone charging pipe on swash plate to sand Pillow (5) charges, and continues to move a certain distance, unclasps reel, carry out filling sand, so circulate after having charged, until whole Sand pillow soft raft charges complete;
7th step: after having charged, extracts sand pillow soft raft out and connects rope, and shifting ship is to next accommodation, and arranges survey crew timely The sand pillow soft raft laid is swept survey.
CN201610362452.3A 2016-05-26 2016-05-26 Sand rests the head on the construction technology of soft raft Active CN106049357B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110965522A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-04-07 中国铁建港航局集团有限公司 Software row serial laying construction method
CN111564810A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-08-21 山东海盛海洋工程集团有限公司 Laying process of marine interlocking row

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CN205152888U (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-04-13 上海交通建设总承包有限公司 An anchor bag and a concrete interlocking software volleyball association body structure
CN205636646U (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-10-12 中交第一航务工程局有限公司 Sand pillow software row

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007138331A1 (en) * 2006-06-01 2007-12-06 Analox Environmental Technology Limited Bag filled with swelling material upon contact with water
CN202099774U (en) * 2011-04-20 2012-01-04 中交上海航道局有限公司 Bagged sand bag applied to buffer layer construction on underwater drainage body
CN202745013U (en) * 2012-08-02 2013-02-20 许建军 Concrete body interlocking block soft mattress
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CN103046553A (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-04-17 安徽水利开发股份有限公司 Method for carrying out deepwater laying on large-volume reinforced mud-filling tubular bags by using geotextiles-laying vessels
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CN205152888U (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-04-13 上海交通建设总承包有限公司 An anchor bag and a concrete interlocking software volleyball association body structure
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110965522A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-04-07 中国铁建港航局集团有限公司 Software row serial laying construction method
CN111564810A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-08-21 山东海盛海洋工程集团有限公司 Laying process of marine interlocking row

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