CN106037958A - Preparation method of multilayer braces - Google Patents

Preparation method of multilayer braces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106037958A
CN106037958A CN201610558517.1A CN201610558517A CN106037958A CN 106037958 A CN106037958 A CN 106037958A CN 201610558517 A CN201610558517 A CN 201610558517A CN 106037958 A CN106037958 A CN 106037958A
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mouthpiece
dental
braces
film
inner
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CN201610558517.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106037958B (en
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姚峻峰
查凯
李莉
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上海正雅齿科科技有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C7/00Orthodontics, i.e. obtaining or maintaining the desired position of teeth, e.g. by straightening, evening, regulating, separating, or by correcting malocclusions
    • A61C7/08Mouthpiece-type retainers or positioners, e.g. for both the lower and upper arch

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of multilayer braces. The multilayer braces are not less than 2 layers, and the total thicknesses of the multilayer braces are 0.2 to 1.2mm. The preparation method is implemented according to the following sequence of steps: (1) manufacturing a three-dimensional (3D) dental model; (2) trimming the dental model; (3) pressing inner-layer braces; (4) pressing sub-layer braces; (5) pressing N-layer braces, and finally preparing the multilayer braces. With the adoption of the multi-layer pressing method, technical parameters in the pressing process are controlled, and the personalized multilayer braces are finally manufactured. The preparation method of the multilayer braces disclosed by the invention is suitable for preparation of the multilayer braces.

Description

多层牙套的制备方法 The method of preparing a multilayer mouthpiece

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于牙齿矫治领域,涉及一种牙套的制备方法,具体涉及一种多层牙套的制备方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of appliances, the method for making a mouthpiece, the specific method for making a multilayer mouthpiece.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 传统的牙齿矫治主要是在齿列表面设置托槽和弓丝,起到矫治作用,通过扭转和推移的方式进行矫治。 [0002] The main conventional orthodontic brackets and arch wires disposed in the list of the tooth surfaces, play a role in treatment, for correction by twisting and displaceable manner. 为了美观,牙套由唇侧转移到了舌侧,外观上看不出来,但是这种方法对医生的要求较高,患者口腔内炖上较大,不仅异物感增强,并且造价较高。 For aesthetic, the dental mouthpiece by the lingual side to the lip, appearance does not come out, but this method is the high requirements for the doctor, the patient's mouth stew large, foreign body sensation not only enhanced, and higher cost. 随着技术的进步,隐形矫治越来越被患者接纳和使用,无托槽隐形矫治是一种计算机辅助设计和制作的透明弹性材料活动矫正装置,它是一序列连续的矫治装置,通过不断地小范围牙齿移动, 达到牙齿的矫治目的。 As technology advances, more and more invisible appliance is received and used in patients, no brackets invisible appliance is a computer-aided design and a transparent elastic material orthosis production activities, which is a sequence of continuous treatment apparatus, by constantly small tooth movement, to achieve the purpose of correction of teeth. 该牙套不仅可以控制矫治力的大小,而且可以控制矫治力作用的时间,不同阶段仅某些牙齿可以移动,而另外的牙齿作为支抗,从而完成牙齿的矫正。 The dental mouthpiece can not only control the size of the treatment force, and force can be controlled treatment time, different stages may be moved only some teeth, and the other teeth as anchorage to complete straightening teeth. 在隐形矫治领域,使用牙套进行矫治越来越被患者选择和接受,但是现有技术中使用的隐形牙套均为单层的,其膜片的厚度大约为0.6~0.75mm,选择性较小,对于牙周病患者或者粘贴有附件的患者的摘带造成了困难,并且牙套越厚患者佩戴的异物感越强,舒适度下降。 In the field of invisible appliance using braces for correction is selected and accepted by more and more patients, but invisible braces are used in the prior art single layer, the thickness of the membrane is about 0.6 ~ 0.75mm, less selective, for patients with periodontal disease or paste the attachment with the pick it caused difficulties, and the stronger the thicker the patient wears braces foreign body sensation, decreased comfort.

[0003] 因此,研究一种具有个性化定制的不同厚度的牙套,具有重要的意义。 [0003] Therefore, the study of a kind of customization braces different thickness, is of great significance.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题,是提供一种多层牙套的制备方法,采用多层压制的方法,控制压制过程中的技术参数,最终制作成具有个性化的多层牙套。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem, is to provide a method for preparing a multilayer mouthpiece using a multilayer pressed, control parameters during pressing, and finally made into a personalized multilayer dental mouthpiece.

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采取的技术方案是: 一种多层牙套的制备方法,所述的多层牙套的层数多2层,总厚度为0.2~1.2mm,它按照以下步骤顺序进行: (1) 3D牙颂模型的制作在3D打印机上对已经采集的牙颂模型数据进行打印,之后对牙颂模型进行清洗、固化; (2) 牙颂模型的修整在牙颂模型中非连续的牙齿间隙部分进行修整; (3) 内层牙套的压制A) 对膜片进行识别; B) 采用厚度为0.1~1.0mm的膜片进行预热,预热时间为3~35s,预热温度为160~190 °C; C) 将预热后的膜片扣在牙颂原型上进行真空压制,保压时间为5~60s,气压为0.3~ 0.8bar; D) 将压好膜的牙颂模型进行多余膜片裁剪,然后将覆膜摘除,对牙套进行切割、抛光, 最终制得内层牙套; (4) 次层牙套的压制将步骤(3)中制备的内层牙套戴在牙颂模型上,进行二次压膜; A) 对膜片进行识别; B) 采 [0005] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution by the present invention is: A method for preparing a multilayer mouthpiece, the mouthpiece of the large number of layers of the multilayer layer 2, a total thickness of 0.2 ~ 1.2mm, according to which the following sequence of steps carried out: production (. 1) 3D dental Chung model print tooth Chung model data has been collected on a 3D printer, then the tooth Chung model washing, curing; trim (2) dental Chung model tooth Chung model noncontiguous teeth gap portion trimmed; (3) pressing the inner mouthpiece a) for identifying the membrane; B) using the preheated film having a thickness of 0.1 ~ 1.0mm, the preheating time of 3 ~ 35s , the preheating temperature is 160 ~ 190 ° C; C) to the preheated film was vacuum pressing on the buckle teeth Chung prototype, dwell time 5 ~ 60s, the pressure is 0.3 ~ 0.8bar; D) the pressure good dental Chung model excess membrane film is cut, and then the coating removed, braces for cutting, polishing, to obtain the final inner braces; preparation inner braces (4) of the pressing step sublayer mouthpiece (3) Chung model worn on the teeth, the secondary film; A) for identifying the membrane; B) mining 厚度为0.1~1.0mm的膜片进行预热,预热时间为3~35s,预热温度为160~190 °C; C) 将预热后的膜片扣在带有内层牙套的牙颂原型上进行真空压制,保压时间为5~ 60s,气压为0 • 3 ~0 • 8bar; D) 将压好膜的牙颂模型进行多余膜片裁剪,对牙套进行切割、抛光,最终制得次层牙套; (5)N层牙套的压制其中,层数与压膜的次数相同,第N层牙套即为第N次压膜,,其中N多2压膜方式与步骤(4)相同,最终制得多层牙套。 Preheating film having a thickness of 0.1 ~ 1.0mm, the preheating time of 3 ~ 35s, preheating [deg.] Temperature of 190 ~ C 160.; Chung with the inner tooth mouthpiece C) the preheated film buckle vacuum pressing performed on a prototype, dwell time 5 ~ 60s, the pressure is 0 • 3 ~ 0 • 8bar; D) pressing the Chung model good dental film is cut extra membrane, braces for cutting, polishing, to obtain a final sublayer braces; press (. 5) wherein N layer dental mouthpiece, and the same number of laminated layers, namely the N-th film ,, wherein the same plurality N 2 film mode in step (4) of the N layer dental mouthpiece, finally obtained multilayer mouthpiece.

[0006] 作为本发明的一种限定,所述的步骤(2)中所述的牙颂模型的修整方法为采用人工填充修补或者软件设计填充修补。 [0006] a limitation on the present invention, the step (2) of the dressing method in Chung model for dental filling artificial patch design or software patches filled.

[0007] 作为上述限定的进一步限定,所述的人工填充方法为人工填充牙科用錯或者填充牙科石膏;软件设计填充为在进行3D打印之前对牙颂模型数据进行编辑填充。 [0007] As further defined as defined above, the method for filling an artificial filling dental artificial filling dental gypsum or wrong; software designed for the dental filling Chung model data for editing 3D filled prior to printing.

[0008] 作为本发明的另一种限定,所述的步骤(3)中A)步骤所述的对膜片的识别方法为在压膜机上进行扫描识别。 [0008] As another limitation of the present invention, a method for the identification of the diaphragm as identified on the scanned laminator according to step (3) in A) said step.

[0009] 作为本发明的第三种限定,所述的步骤(3)中D)步骤在进行牙套切割过程中的切割后,内层牙套的形状为与次层牙套相同、内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度、 内层牙套仅包覆唇侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆舌侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆单颗牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆多颗连续的牙冠或者内层牙套仅包覆多颗非连续牙冠中的一种。 After [0009] As a third invention defined in said step (3) in D) the step of performing the cutting process of cutting the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece shape of the inner sublayer is the same as braces, braces the inner cladding crown length less than the length of the mouthpiece sublayer, covering only the labial inner crown dental mouthpiece, covering only the inner lingual crown dental mouthpiece, covering only the inner mouthpiece single tooth crowns, dental mouthpiece cover only the inner layer multiple satellites continuous inner crown mouthpiece cover only one or multiple pieces of discontinuous crown.

[0010] 作为上述限定的进一步限定,所述的内层牙套的形状为内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度时,其长度范围为牙冠咬合端唇舌侧向下o.lmm的高度< 内层牙套牙冠包覆的高度< 次层牙套牙冠包覆的高度;如果是3层及以上的牙套,从内向外每层从牙冠咬合端唇舌侧向下的高度逐渐增加。 [0010] As further defined as defined above, the inner shape of the mouthpiece of the length of the mouthpiece inner cladding sublayer crown smaller than the length of the mouthpiece, which tongue length of the crown lateral end o the nip. the height of lmm <inner cladding mouthpiece crown height <cladding sublayer mouthpiece crown height; if layer 3 and above the mouthpiece, the height of the lower outwardly from each end of the dental crown occlusal gradually from the inner side of tongue increase.

[0011] 作为本发明的第四种限定,所述的步骤(3)中采用膜片厚度为0.1mm时,膜片的预热时间为3~5s,预热温度为160~170°C,保压时间为5~10s;膜片厚度为0.5mm时,膜片的预热时间为15~25s,预热温度为160~190°C,保压时间为10~20s;膜片厚度为0.75mm时, 膜片的预热时间为25~35s,预热温度为160~190°C,保压时间为20~60s;膜片厚度为1.0mm时,膜片的预热时间为25~35s,预热温度为160~190°C,保压时间为30~60s。 [0011] defined as a fourth invention, the step (3) used in the membrane thickness is 0.1mm, the preheating time of the diaphragm 3 ~ 5s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 170 ° C, dwell time of 5 ~ 10s; when the film thickness is 0.5mm, preheating time of the diaphragm is 15 ~ 25s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C, dwell time of 10 ~ 20s; film thickness 0.75 mm, the preheating time of the diaphragm is 25 ~ 35s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C, dwell time is 20 ~ 60s; film thickness is 1.0mm, the preheating time is 25 ~ 35s diaphragm , the preheating temperature is 160 ~ 190 ° C, dwell time is 30 ~ 60s.

[0012] 作为本发明的第五种限定,所述的步骤(4)中C)步骤在二次压膜时,首先在牙颂模型上进行易撕式粘性膜的涂刷,然后待粘性膜干燥后再将内层牙套戴在牙颂模型上,最后进行二次压膜,待压膜完成后再将易撕式粘性膜除去。 [0012] As defined in the fifth invention, the step (4), C) during a secondary lamination step, the first formula for brushing easily tearable adhesive film on teeth Chung model, and then wait for the adhesive film the inner layer was dried and then dental braces worn on the Chung model, and finally the second film, after the completion of the film to be easily tearable adhesive film formula removed.

[0013] 作为本发明的第六种限定,所述的步骤(4)中内层牙套佩戴的牙颂模型与步骤(3) 中的牙颂模型为相同或者不同矫治步骤的牙颂模型。 [0013] As defined in the sixth invention, the step (4) Chung model dental mouthpiece and the inner step Chung model worn teeth (3) are the same or different dental treatment steps Chung model.

[0014] 本发明还有一种限定,所述的多层牙套之间为可分离式结构或粘接为一体。 [0014] Yet another of the present invention is defined, between the dental mouthpiece is a separable multi-layer structure or bonding integrally.

[0015] 由于采用了上述的技术方案,本发明与现有技术相比,所取得的技术进步在于: 本发明采用多层压制的方法,控制压制过程中的技术参数,最终制作成具有个性化的多层牙套。 [0015] By adopting the technical solution of the present invention compared to the prior art, the technical progress achieved in that: the method of the present invention uses a multilayer press, control parameters during pressing, and finally made into a personalized the multi-layered braces. 采用的牙套为多层结构,其结构可为多种,为内层牙套的形状为与次层牙套相同、内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度、内层牙套仅包覆唇侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆舌侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆单颗牙齿、内层牙套仅包覆多颗连续的牙齿或者内层牙套仅包覆多颗非连续牙齿中的一种,在方便患者摘带的同时,能够起到矫治效果,能够针对不同症状的患者进行个性化治疗,多层牙套能够缩短整个矫治时间,佩戴的舒适度增加。 Dental mouthpiece using a multilayer structure, which structure may be more, the inner shape of the dental mouthpiece to be the same sublayer braces, braces the inner cladding sublayer is smaller than the length of the crown of the length of the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece cover only the inner layer crown labial, lingual inner crown dental mouthpiece cover only the inner layer cover only a single tooth dental mouthpiece, the mouthpiece cover only the inner tooth or multiple satellites continuous inner mouthpiece cover only multiple satellites discontinuous teeth one, in the convenience of patients with a pick while, can play the effect of treatment can be personalized treatment for patients with different symptoms, multi-layered braces can shorten the overall treatment time, increase the wearing comfort.

[0016] 采用本发明所提供的方法在进行次层牙套压制的过程中,能够有效的放置牙颂模型填充过程中牙科用蜡或者石膏对于牙套内侧的污染,在使用牙科用蜡进行填充时,不仅会对牙套内侧进行污染,不易清洗之外,还对后续的牙套切割和打磨过程有影响,使得切割打滑,切割边缘不符合要求,还对切割和打磨的器具有影响,缩短了器具的使用寿命。 [0016] The method of the present invention provides a process of pressing the mouthpiece sublayer is performed, can effectively be placed in the tooth filling process Chung model dental wax or plaster for contamination inside the braces, the dental filling when using wax, not only on the inner side braces of pollution, addition difficult to clean, but also for the subsequent cutting and polishing processes affect the mouthpiece, so that the slip cutting, the cutting edge does not meet the requirements, also affect the cut and polished appliances, shorten the use of the appliance life. 多层牙套的制备,其中所涉及的技术参数对最终的矫治效果有直接影响,由于牙齿矫治过程中的病例种类具有差异性,因此多层牙套能够针对这些差异性,对患者进行个性化治疗,如针对牙周病患者,多层牙套中每层的厚度可能较薄,距离颈缘线的高度增加,方便患者的摘带,并且不会进一步对患者的牙龈造成损伤。 Making a multilayer braces, which relates to technical parameters directly influence the final treatment effect, since the type of orthodontic cases have a difference in the process, and therefore can be a multilayer braces, the patient individualized treatment for these differences, as for periodontal disease, the thickness of each layer in the multilayer mouthpiece may be thin, the neck height increases from the edge line, patient convenience with a pick, and does not cause further damage to the patient's gums.

[0017] 本发明适用于多层牙套的制备。 [0017] The present invention is applicable in the preparation of multilayer mouthpiece.

[0018] 本发明下面将结合具体实施例作进一步详细说明。 [0018] The invention will in conjunction with the specific embodiments described in further detail.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 实施例1 一种多层牙套的制备方法一种双层牙套的制备方法,总厚度为1.0_,它按照以下步骤顺序进行: (1) 3D牙颂模型的制作在3D打印机上对已经采集的牙颂模型数据进行打印,之后对牙颂模型进行清洗固化; (2) 牙颂模型的修整在牙颂模型中非连续的牙齿间隙部分进行修整;其中,修整方法为采用人工填充或者软件设计填充,所述的人工填充方法为人工填充牙科用蜡或者填充牙科石膏;软件设计填充为在进行3D打印之前对牙颂模型数据进行编辑填充; (3) 内层牙套的压制A) 对膜片进行识别,其识别方法为在压膜机上进行扫描识别; B) 采用厚度为0.5mm的膜片进行预热,预热时间为20s,预热温度为190°C; C) 将预热后的膜片扣在牙颂原型上进行真空压制,保压时间为60s,气压为0.4bar; D) 将压好膜的牙颂模型进行裁剪,然后将覆膜摘除,对牙套进行切割、 [0019] Preparation Example 1 A multilayer mouthpiece embodiment of a method for preparing a double braces, the total thickness of 1.0_, which follow the following sequence of steps: production (1) 3D model of the teeth in the Chung 3D printer dental Chung model already acquired data for printing, after the tooth cleaning curing Chung model; trim (2) trimmed dental model in Chung noncontiguous teeth gap portion Chung model tooth; where trimming method filled or artificial software design is filled, the filling method according artificial artificial filling dental dental wax or gypsum is filled; software designed for the dental filling Chung model data for editing 3D printing prior to filling; (3) pressing the inner mouthpiece a) of diaphragm identification, identification method which is identified on the scanned laminator; B) using the preheating, the preheating time is 20s film having a thickness of 0.5mm, the preheating temperature of 190 ° C; C) preheated after vacuum pressing button membrane on dental prototype Chung, dwell time 60s, pressure was 0.4bar; D) the pressure is good film cutting teeth Chung model, and then the coating removal, cutting of the braces, 光,最终制得内层牙套;内层牙套的形状为与次层牙套相同、内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度、内层牙套仅包覆唇侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆舌侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆单颗牙齿、内层牙套仅包覆多颗连续的牙齿或者内层牙套仅包覆多颗非连续牙齿中的一种。 Light, inner mouthpiece finally obtained; inner shape of the dental mouthpiece is a sublayer same mouthpiece, the mouthpiece cover inner crown a length less than the length of the mouthpiece sublayer, covering only the inner labial dental mouthpiece crown, the inner layer lingual crown dental mouthpiece cover only the inner layer cover only a single tooth dental mouthpiece, the mouthpiece cover only the inner tooth or multiple satellites continuous inner mouthpiece cover only one non-continuous multiple pieces of teeth. 所述的内层牙套的形状为内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度时,其长度范围为牙冠咬合端唇舌侧向下0.1mm的高度< 内层牙套牙冠包覆的高度< 次层牙套牙冠包覆的高度。 When the inner shape of the dental mouthpiece is coated crown length less than the length of the inner sublayer mouthpiece mouthpiece, which end length of the dental crown occlusal height 0.1mm <crown covering the mouthpiece inner side of tongue the height <mouthpiece cover crown height sublayer.

[0020] (4)次层牙套的压制将步骤(3)中制备的内层牙套戴在牙颂模型上,进行二次压膜; A) 在牙颂模型上进行易撕式粘性膜的涂刷; B) 对膜片进行识别,其识别方法为在压膜机上进行扫描识别; C) 采用厚度为0.5mm的膜片进行预热,预热时间为20s,预热温度为190°C; D) 待粘性膜干燥后再将将预热后的膜片扣在带有内层牙套的牙颂原型上进行真空压制,保压时间为60s,气压为0.4bar; E) 待压膜完成后再将易撕式粘性膜除去; F) 将压好膜的牙颂模型进行裁剪,对牙套进行切割、抛光,最终制得双层牙套。 [0020] (4) pressing the mouthpiece sublayer of step (3) prepared in the inner mouthpiece worn on teeth Chung model, the second film; A) for the easily tearable adhesive film Formula Chung model painted on teeth brushes; B) for identifying the membrane, which is the identification method on the scan identification laminator; C) film with a thickness of 0.5mm was preheated, the preheating time is 20s, the preheating temperature was 190 ° C; after E) film to be completed; D) to be dried and then the adhesive film to the preheated film was vacuum button pressed on a prototype with the inner teeth braces Chung, dwell time 60s, pressure of 0.4bar and then removing the tear-off adhesive film; F.) the Chung model of good dental pressed film is cut, cutting of the braces, polished, double mouthpiece finally obtained.

[0021] 由于二次压膜时,膜片的放置方式与首次压膜时使用的方式不同,即覆膜的方向为相反方向,首次压膜时,覆膜在靠近牙颂模型侧,可以方便撕除,以免填充时的牙科用蜡粘贴在牙套的内侧,二次压膜时,覆膜的方向为牙颂模型的外侧,如果在内侧时内层牙套和次层牙套之间就会有覆膜,不方便移除,因此在进行二次压膜时,首先在牙颂模型上进行易撕式粘性膜的涂刷,然后待粘性膜干燥后再将内层牙套戴在牙颂模型上,最后进行二次压膜,待压膜完成后再将易撕式粘性膜除去,能够有效的减少二次压膜时牙科用蜡粘贴在牙套内侧的程度,更加方便后续的清洗、打磨和抛光等步骤。 [0021] Since the secondary film, the placement of the membrane used for the first embodiment with different film, i.e., in the direction opposite to the direction of the coating film, when the first film, the coating film near the side teeth Chung model can be easily tearing, to avoid filling a dental wax coated on the inside with a mouthpiece, the secondary lamination, coating the outer tooth direction Chung model, if there will be a mouthpiece cover between the inner layer and the secondary layer at the inner side braces film inconvenient to remove, so during the second film, a first type for brushing easily tearable adhesive film on teeth Chung model, then an adhesive film to be dry before the inner teeth braces worn on the Chung model, Finally, the second film, after the completion of the film to be easily tearable adhesive film was removed formula, can effectively reduce the extent of the secondary film dental wax coated on the inside of the mouthpiece, more convenient subsequent cleaning, grinding and polishing step.

[0022] 所述的步骤(4)中内层牙套佩戴的牙颂模型与步骤(3)中的牙颂模型为相同或者不同矫治步骤的牙颂模型,当采用不同矫治步骤的牙颂模型进行压膜时,通常情况下位采用相邻矫治步骤中的牙颂模型。 [0022] The step (4) in the inner Chung model dental mouthpiece worn teeth Chung model of step (3) are the same or different dental treatment steps Chung model, the model with different song when the dental treatment step is performed when the film, usually the adjacent bit model using dental appliance Chung step.

[0023] 所述的多层牙套之间为可分离式结构或粘接为一体,当为分离式结构时,可进行分层的佩戴。 [0023] between the dental mouthpiece is a separable multi-layer structure, or an adhesive as a whole, when the structure is separated, delamination may be worn.

[0024]实施例2-11多层矫治器的制备方法实施例2-11分别为一种多层矫治器的制备方法,与实施例1的步骤相似,不同之处仅在于:制备过程中所涉及的技术参数的不同,具体如下表所示: [0024] Preparation Example 2-11 Example 2-11 multilayer appliance were prepared in a multilayer appliance, the embodiment is similar to the procedure of Example 1, except that only: during the preparation according to the different technical parameters, as shown in the following table:

Figure CN106037958AD00081

Figure CN106037958AD00091

以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非是对本发明作其它形式的限定,任何熟悉本专业的技术人员可能利用上述技术内容作为启示加以变更或改型为等同变化的等效实施例。 The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not for other forms of the present invention is defined, any skilled skilled in the art could use the techniques described above, as the content of revelation alterations or modifications as equivalent variations equivalent Example. 但是凡是未脱离本发明技术方案内容,依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作出的简单修改,等同变化与改型,仍属于本发明权利要求的保护范围。 However, all without departing from the technical contents of the present invention, simple modification based on the technical spirit of the present invention made by the above embodiments, equivalents, changes and modifications still fall within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的多层牙套的层数多2层,总厚度为0.2 ~1.2mm,它按照以下步骤顺序进行: (1) 3D牙颂模型的制作在3D打印机上对已经采集的牙颂模型数据进行打印,之后对牙颂模型进行清洗、固化; (2) 牙颂模型的修整在牙颂模型中非连续的牙齿间隙部分进行修整; (3) 内层牙套的压制A) 对膜片进行识别; B) 采用厚度为0.1~1.0mm的膜片进行预热,预热时间为3~35s,预热温度为160~190 °C; C) 将预热后的膜片扣在牙颂原型上进行真空压制,保压时间为5~60s,气压为0.3~ 0.8bar; D) 将压好膜的牙颂模型进行多余膜片裁剪,然后将覆膜摘除,对牙套进行切割、抛光, 最终制得内层牙套; (4) 次层牙套的压制将步骤(3)中制备的内层牙套戴在牙颂模型上,进行二次压膜; A) 对膜片进行识别; B) 采用厚度为0.1~1.0mm的膜片进行预热,预热时间 A method for producing a multilayer mouthpiece, wherein: said plurality of layers of the multilayer mouthpiece 2 layers with a total thickness of 0.2 ~ 1.2mm, it is performed in the following sequence of steps: (1) 3D model of the tooth Chung produced in the Chung model tooth 3D printer already acquired print data, after the Chung model tooth cleaning, curing; trim (2) trimmed dental model in Chung noncontiguous teeth gap portion Chung model tooth; ( 3) pressing the inner mouthpiece a) for identifying the membrane; B) using the preheated film having a thickness of 0.1 ~ 1.0mm, the preheating time of 3 ~ 35s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C; C ) after preheating the membrane vacuum press on a button teeth Chung prototype, dwell time 5 ~ 60s, the pressure is 0.3 ~ 0.8bar; D) pressing the Chung model good dental film is cut excess film, then the coating removed, braces for cutting, polishing, to obtain the final inner braces; (4) braces sublayer pressing step (3) prepared in the inner mouthpiece worn on teeth Chung model, the second film ; a) for identifying the membrane; B) using the preheating, the preheating time of film thickness of 0.1 ~ 1.0mm 3~35s,预热温度为160~190 °C; C) 将预热后的膜片扣在带有内层牙套的牙颂原型上进行真空压制,保压时间为5~ 60s,气压为0 · 3 ~0 · 8bar; D) 将压好膜的牙颂模型进行多余膜片裁剪,对牙套进行切割、抛光,最终制得次层牙套; (5) N层牙套的压制其中,层数与压膜的次数相同,第N层牙套即为第N次压膜,其中N多2压膜方式与步骤(4)相同,最终制得多层牙套。 3 ~ 35s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C; C) to the preheated film was vacuum button pressed on a prototype with the inner teeth braces Chung, dwell time 5 ~ 60s, the pressure is 0 · 3 ~ 0 · 8bar; D) pressing the Chung model good dental film is cut extra membrane, braces for cutting, polishing, finally obtained sublayer braces; (5) N layer, wherein the mouthpiece is compressed, and the number of layers film of the same number of times, the first N layer dental mouthpiece is the N-th film, wherein (4) the same N 2 film mode and a multi-step, the finally obtained multilayer mouthpiece.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤(2)中所述的牙颂模型的修整方法为采用人工填充修补或者软件设计填充修补。 The multilayer production method according to claim 1 mouthpiece, characterized in that: the trimming method (2) in the Chung model of step dental filling artificial patch design or software patches filled.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的人工填充方法为人工填充牙科用蜡或者填充牙科石膏;软件设计填充为在进行3D打印之前对牙颂模型数据进行编辑填充。 3. Preparation of the multilayer mouthpiece according to claim 2, characterized in that: the method for filling an artificial filling dental wax or artificial filling dental gypsum; software design 3D printing prior to filling the tooth Chung Model data editing filling.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤(3)中A)步骤所述的对膜片的识别方法为在压膜机上进行扫描识别。 The multilayer production method according to claim 1 mouthpiece, wherein: the identification method of the diaphragm is identified on the scanned laminator according to step (3) in A) said step.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤(3)中D)步骤在进行牙套切割过程中的切割后,内层牙套的形状为与次层牙套相同、内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度、内层牙套仅包覆唇侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆舌侧牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆单颗牙冠、内层牙套仅包覆多颗连续的牙冠或者内层牙套仅包覆多颗非连续牙冠中的一种。 The multilayer production method according to claim 1 mouthpiece, wherein: said step (3) in D) the step of performing a cutting process of cutting the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece with the shape of the inner sublayer the same as braces, braces the inner cladding sublayer is smaller than the length of the crown of the length of the mouthpiece, the inner labial dental mouthpiece cover only the crown, the inner cladding lingual crown dental mouthpiece only, only the inner cladding single tooth dental mouthpiece crown, dental mouthpiece cover only the inner layer of the multiple satellites continuous inner crown mouthpiece cover only one or multiple pieces of discontinuous crown.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的内层牙套的形状为内层牙套包覆牙冠的长度小于次层牙套的长度时,其长度范围为牙冠咬合端唇舌侧向下0.1mm的高度< 内层牙套牙冠包覆的高度<次层牙套牙冠包覆的高度;如果是3层及以上的牙套,从内向外每层从牙冠咬合端唇舌侧向下的高度逐渐增加。 The production method of the multilayer mouthpiece 5 of the preceding claims, characterized in that: the inner shape of the dental mouthpiece is a length less than the inner length of the crown dental mouthpiece Baofu sublayer mouthpiece, the length of which end of the tongue side of the dental crown occlusal height 0.1mm <inner cladding mouthpiece crown height <cladding sublayer mouthpiece crown height; if layer 3 and above braces, each layer from the inside out from the crown occlusal height of the lower end of the tongue side gradually increases.
7. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤(3)中采用膜片厚度为0.1mm时,膜片的预热时间为3~5s,预热温度为160~170°C,保压时间为5~10s; 膜片厚度为〇. 5mm时,膜片的预热时间为15~25s,预热温度为160~190 °C,保压时间为10~ 20s;膜片厚度为0.75mm时,膜片的预热时间为25~35s,预热温度为160~190°C,保压时间为20~60s;膜片厚度为1.0mm时,膜片的预热时间为25~35s,预热温度为160~190 °C,保压时间为30~60s。 The multilayer production method according to claim 1 mouthpiece, wherein: said step of using (3) the film thickness is 0.1mm, the preheating time of the diaphragm 3 ~ 5s, preheating temperature of 160 ~ 170 ° C, dwell time 5 ~ 10s; 0:00 diaphragm thickness is 5mm, the preheating time of the diaphragm is 15 ~ 25s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C, dwell time. 10 ~ 20s; film thickness is 0.75mm, the preheating time of the diaphragm is 25 ~ 35s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C, dwell time is 20 ~ 60s; when the film thickness is 1.0mm, the film sheet preheating time is 25 ~ 35s, a preheat temperature of 160 ~ 190 ° C, dwell time is 30 ~ 60s.
8. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤(4)中C)步骤在二次压膜时,首先在牙颂模型上进行易撕式粘性膜的涂刷,然后待粘性膜干燥后再将内层牙套戴在牙颂模型上,最后进行二次压膜,待压膜完成后再将易撕式粘性膜除去。 The multilayer preparing dental mouthpiece according to claim 1, wherein: said step (4), C) during a secondary lamination step, first, the adhesive film easy to tear on the teeth of formula Chung Model brushing, and then drying the adhesive film to be the inner teeth braces worn on the Chung model, and finally the second film, after the completion of the film to be easily tearable adhesive film formula removed.
9. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的步骤(4)中内层牙套佩戴的牙颂模型与步骤(3)中的牙颂模型为相同或者不同矫治步骤的牙颂模型。 9. The production method of multiple dental mouthpiece according to claim 1, wherein: said step (4) in the inner Chung model dental mouthpiece worn teeth Chung model of step (3) are the same or different Chung model dental treatment steps.
10. 根据权利要求1所述的多层牙套的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的多层牙套之间为可分离式结构或粘接为一体。 10. A method of preparing a multilayer mouthpiece according to claim, characterized in that: between the dental mouthpiece is a separable multi-layer structure or bonding integrally.
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