CN106037849B - Control circuit and electric stapling stapler - Google Patents

Control circuit and electric stapling stapler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106037849B
CN106037849B CN 201610516006 CN201610516006A CN106037849B CN 106037849 B CN106037849 B CN 106037849B CN 201610516006 CN201610516006 CN 201610516006 CN 201610516006 A CN201610516006 A CN 201610516006A CN 106037849 B CN106037849 B CN 106037849B
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relay
switch
contact
power supply
connected
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CN 201610516006
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106037849A (en )
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尚韬
田晰
赵宇
刘青
曲超
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北京派尔特医疗科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种吻合器控制电路,包括:供电电源、第一放电元件、电源控制开关、导通回路、控制驱动回路;所述电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口连接,且所述电源控制开关控制所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电;所述导通回路与所述第一放电元件并联;所述控制驱动回路与所述导通回路并联;所述控制驱动回路包括直流电机、第一继电器、第二继电器和开关电路,所述开关电路控制所述直流电机的正转、反转、正转刹车停止、反转刹车停止和旋转量;只用一个电机,完成腔镜吻合器的所有控制操作;工作效率高,成本相对较低减轻了患者的负担;并且在有限的时间内将供电电源的电量耗尽,解决了原有的电池环境污染的问题。 The present invention discloses a stapling control circuit, comprising: a power supply, a first discharge element, the power control switch circuit is turned on, the drive control circuit; said power control switch controls the power supply circuit and the power supply input port, and the power control switch for controlling the first discharging element for discharging said power supply; the conducting path and the first discharge element connected in parallel; controlling the driving circuit through the circuit in parallel with the guide; the controlling the drive circuit comprises a direct current motor, the first relay, second relay and a switching circuit, the switching circuit for controlling the DC motor forward, reverse, forward brakes to stop, stop, and reverse rotation amount of the brake; only a motor, the control operation is completed all of the endoscopic stapler; high efficiency, relatively low cost, reducing the burden on the patient; and the battery power supply is depleted within a limited time, to solve the problem of environmental pollution original cell .

Description

吻合器控制电路及电动吻合器 Control circuit and electric stapling stapler

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及吻合器控制领域,尤其涉及吻合器控制电路及电动吻合器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a stapler control, and in particular relates to a control circuit and electric stapling stapler.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 医用吻合器已成为辅助于刀口缝合过程中不可缺少的一种医疗器械,随着医学科技的发展,越来越多具有不同功能的吻合器产品已应用于临床。 [0002] The medical stapler has become secondary to the edge stitching process indispensable a medical device, with the development of medical technology, more and more consistent products with different functions have been used clinically. 目前在微创手术领域中使用的腔镜吻合器,在击发缝钉的同时刀片从中间切断组织,同时两边各三排缝钉完成对组织的缝合、止血等功能。 Currently used in the field of minimally invasive surgery, endoscopic stapler, the staple firing to sever tissue while the blade from the middle, while three rows of staples on each side of the tissue stapling is completed, bleeding and other functions. 手术的操作过程是:将腔镜吻合器的一次性使用的末端执行器组装到器械上,末端执行器包括钉仓组件和砧座,所述钉仓组件和砧座可闭合或打开的连接,将闭合状态下的末端执行器穿过与吻合器配套使用的穿刺器进入人体组织,再手动调整钉仓组件的位置,待到合适位置后,打开钉仓组件的钉仓与抵钉座将组织夹持到其中,然后击发器械手柄对组织进行切割及钉合,切割、钉合完成后,打开钉仓组件以松开组织,将钉仓组件再次闭合后通过穿刺器取出。 Surgical operation is: assembling the end effector disposable endoscopic stapler to the instrument, the end effector includes a staple cartridge assembly and the anvil, the cartridge assembly and the anvil can be closed or open connection, through the end effector in the closed state of the stapler supporting the use of the trocar into the body tissue, the cartridge assembly and then manually adjust the position of the place until the open staple cartridge assembly and the anvil tissue wherein the clamping and firing tissue cutting instrument handle and stapling, cutting, after completion of stapling, the staple cartridge assembly opens to release the tissue, the cartridge assembly will be closed again taken out by puncture.

[0003] 上述腔镜吻合器没有外加动力源,仅靠医生手动击发,导致击发力不平稳,切割不均匀,使组织出现毛边,导致被操作的组织受力不均匀,致使组织本身的弹性变得不均衡, 影响了手术效果。 [0003] The endoscopic stapler no external power source, the doctor alone manual firing, firing force resulting in jerky, uneven cutting, burr occurs tissue, causing tissue to be operated discontinuity, resulting in elastic tissue itself become unbalanced, affecting the outcome. 为了解决该问题,出现了具有动力源的电动吻合器,现有的电动腔镜吻合器主要有三种: To solve this problem, there has been an electric stapler having a power source, the existing electric endoscopic staplers there are three:

[0004] —种是半电动腔镜吻合器,是通过手动控制将钉仓组件闭合或打开,当钉仓组件进入组织后,操作者需要用另一只手拨动旋钮控制钉仓组件的左右摆动,或手动调节钉仓组件的位置,再手动击发扳机以控制吻合器的切割和缝合,在切割的击发、回位动作是电动控制,除此之外,其余均是通过手动控制。 [0004] - species are half mirrors electric stapler, by manually controlling the opening or closing of the cartridge assembly, when the cartridge assembly into tissue, the operator needs to dial knob with the other hand around the control cartridge assembly swing, or manually adjusting the position of the cartridge assembly, the firing trigger manually to control cutting and stapling stapler, firing the cutting, the return operation is an electric control, in addition, the rest are controlled manually. 这种半电动腔镜吻合器,在整个操作过程中,医生无法用单手实现,工作效率不高,使用不方便。 This semi-electric endoscopic stapler, throughout the operation, the doctor can not be achieved with one hand, efficiency is not high, inconvenient to use.

[0005] 另一种是包括控制电路,但是控制电路只能完成驱动末端执行器的闭合或/和打开,或者只能完成驱动末端执行器缝合或切割,或者现有的控制驱动在完成驱动过程中至少使用了三个以上的电机来进行控制,比如一个电机控制驱动缝合,另一个电机控制运转闭合,再用一个电机控制驱动缝合的停止等等。 [0005] Another is a control circuit, the control circuit can only be completed actuating an end closure and / or opening, or only to complete the conventional control driving end stapling or cutting, or the driving process is completed It is used at least three or more motors to be controlled, such as a motor drive control suture, the other controlling the operation of the motor is closed, and then a control to stop the motor driving the suture and the like. 只能完成一种驱动功能的控制电路需要辅助装置,比如传感器等或是手动辅助完成;多个电机控制的结构复杂,成本较高,尤其是只针对一个病人使用的腔镜吻合器,成本相对过高,导致较高的负担,产生浪费。 A drive can only be accomplished by control circuit requires an auxiliary means such as sensors or the like to complete the manual assist; a plurality of motor control complicated structure, high cost, especially for a patient using only endoscopic staplers, the cost is relatively too high, resulting in a higher burden, resulting in waste.

[0006] 再一种是全电动智能腔镜吻合器,全电动智能腔镜吻合器是由蓄电池、MCU控制电路系统、电机、传动结构系统等组成。 [0006] Yet another fully electric smart endoscopic staplers, endoscopic staplers intelligent all-electric is a battery, the MCU control circuitry, the motor, the transmission structure system components. 通过MCU智能控制芯片强大的运算控制功能与电机相结合,能够用单手实现操作腔镜吻合器的闭合和打开动作,实现了电动控制钉仓左右旋转、 击发、切割、回位等动作;虽然操作上相较于半电动腔镜吻合器简单、便捷,但是制造成本更高,很多手术都是一次性使用,或者是较少次数重复使用,增加了患者负担,影响产品的广泛应用。 Intelligent control through the MCU chip combining powerful computing machine control function can be achieved endoscopic stapler closing operation by one hand and the opening operation, to achieve the rotation of the cartridge about the electric control, the firing, the cutting, the return operation and the like; While semi-electric operation compared to the endoscopic stapler is simple and convenient, but higher manufacturing costs, many are single-use surgical, or less frequently reused, increasing the burden on the patient, the affected product widely used.

[0007] 而且在现有的腔镜吻合器中,在电能供能方面一种使用的是直接安装在器械内的电池给整个器械供电,使得器械本体一直处于被供电的状态,器械本体是随时被启动状态, 这种器械随时被启动的状态使得器械在使用时安全性降低,很可能出现误操作或误接触而启动器械的情况;并且这种电能供能方式因器械的一次性使用而造成电池的电量未被完全用尽,电池随着器械本体被遗弃后对环境造成严重污染。 [0007] In the conventional and endoscopic staplers, for use in terms of power supply can be mounted within the instrument directly to the battery to power the entire device, so that the body of the device has been in a power state, the device body at any time the activated state, the instrument is activated any time a state such that the safety device is lowered, in use, it is likely to malfunction or incorrect contact start instrument case; and such electric energy by way of energy supplied disposable instrument caused by battery power is not completely exhausted, the body of the device with battery causing serious pollution to the environment after being abandoned. 另一种是在器械上设置供电接口, 利用外部电源与供电接口的连接给其供电,这种设置在使用时要对供电接口单独进行全面消毒,此部分消毒操作较为复杂而且要求较高,很不方便。 Another power supply interface is disposed on the instrument, and the external power source is connected to its power supply interface, which is provided to the power supply when using the interface thoroughly disinfected separately, this section disinfection operation is more complex and demanding, it is inconvenient.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明目的是提供一种吻合器控制电路,解决了原有手动腔镜吻合器操作不方便费时费力的问题,而且电路结构相对成本较低,仅利用一个电机完成了对器械的末端执行器的闭合,打开,缝合,切割,闭合到位后的刹车控制,左旋转到位的停止控制及右旋转到位的停止控制,击发到位后的刹车控制及击发后回位控制和回位刹车停止控制,即只用一个电机,完成腔镜吻合器的所有控制操作;相对现有的半电动腔镜吻合器,功能完善更加智能,工作效率高;相对全电动智能腔镜吻合器,解决了高成本问题,并且功能完善;因为是一次性使用,减轻了患者的负担; [0008] The object of the present invention to provide a stapling control circuit, to solve the problem existing manually operated endoscopic stapler convenient time-consuming, and relatively low cost circuit configuration, a motor with only the tip of the instrument to complete the actuator is closed, open, stapling, cutting, braking control after the closure in place, the left rotation place stop control and right rotation stop control in place, the braking control and the firing after the return control and return the brake after firing place stop control that all control operations with only one motor, complete endoscopic stapler; relatively conventional endoscopic staplers semi-electric, fully functional smarter, high efficiency; relatively intelligent all-electric endoscopic stapler, eliminating the cost premium problems, and functional; because it is a one-time use, reducing the burden on the patient;

[0009] 并且本发明提供的吻合器控制电路,供电电源并非一直处于给整个器械供电状态,操作者可以根据情况选择供电的启动,提高了器械的安全性,同时在器械使用后的有限时间内供电电源的电量自动耗尽,并不会对环境造成污染,解决了电池随着器械被弃之后对环境造成污染的问题,且无需使用供电接口供电,解决了要对供电接口进行复杂的消毒工作的问题,操作更加方便,安全可靠。 [0009] and the present invention provides a stapling control circuit, the power supply is not always in the whole device power state, the operator can choose to start the power supply according to the situation, improving the safety of the device, within a limited time while in the instrument for use power supply is depleted automatic power does not pollute the environment, to solve the battery problem is caused by pollution to the environment as the instrument after abandoned, without the use of power interface, power supply, power supply interface to solve the complex disinfection the problem, more convenient, safe and reliable.

[0010] 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种电动吻合器,相对现有电动吻合器成本低,功能完善全面,操作更加方便,相对全电动智能腔镜吻合器成本低,并且供电电源在器械使用后有限的时间内自动耗尽电量,既不需要做复杂的消毒工作也不会因为电量没消耗的电源对环境造成污染。 [0010] Another object of the present invention is to provide an electric stapler, the conventional electric stapler relatively low cost, fully functional, more convenient operation, all electric relatively low cost intelligent endoscopic stapler, the instrument and the power supply after using the automatic running out of power within a limited period of time, it does not require complex disinfection work will not cause pollution to the environment because the power consumption is not consumption.

[0011] 本发明解决第一个技术问题采用如下技术方案:一种吻合器控制电路,包括:供电电源、第一放电元件、电源控制开关、导通回路、控制驱动回路; [0011] The present invention addresses a technical problem of the following technical solutions: A stapling control circuit, comprising: a power supply, a first discharge element, the power control switch circuit is turned on, the drive control circuit;

[0012] 所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电; [0012] The first discharging element for discharging said power supply;

[0013] 所述电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口连接,且所述电源控制开关控制所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电; [0013] The power switch control circuit controls the supply of the power supply input port, the power control switch and the first discharge element controls the discharge power supply;

[0014] 所述导通回路与所述第一放电元件并联; [0014] The conducting path and the first discharge element connected in parallel;

[0015] 所述控制驱动回路与所述导通回路并联; [0015] The driving control circuit via circuit in parallel with the guide;

[0016] 所述控制驱动回路包括直流电机、第一继电器、第二继电器和开关电路,吻合器本体通过所述直流电机施加驱动力; [0016] The drive control circuit includes a DC motor, the first relay, second relay and a switching circuit, said stapler body by a direct current motor driving force is applied;

[0017] 所述直流电机的一端与所述第一继电器的公共端连接,所述直流电机的另一端与所述第二继电器的公共端连接; [0017] One end of the DC motor and the common terminal of said first relay is connected to other end of the direct current motor is connected to a common terminal of said second relay;

[0018] 所述第一继电器的常开触点通过所述开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第一继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接;所述第二继电器的常开触点通过所述开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第二继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接; [0018] The first normally open relay contact through the switching circuit connected to the positive supply voltage, the first relay normally closed contact connected to the negative power supply; the second relay via the normally open contact said switching circuit is connected to the positive power supply, and the normally closed contact of the second relay power supply negative connector;

[0019] 所述开关电路控制所述直流电机的正转、反转、正转刹车停止、反转刹车停止和旋转量。 [0019] The switching circuit controls the DC motor forward, reverse, forward brakes to stop, reverse rotation and rotation of the brakes to stop.

[0020] 优选的,所述供电电源为可拆卸电源,所述供电电源可拆卸的与所述电路供电输入端口连接。 [0020] Preferably, the power supply is a removable power supply, the power supply is detachably connected to the supply input port of said circuit.

[0021] 优选的,所述供电电源为多个电池所组成的电池组;所述电池组包括正极、负极和公共极; [0021] Preferably, the power supply is a battery pack consisting of a plurality of cells; the battery pack includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a common electrode;

[0022] 所述第一放电元件包括第一子放电元件和第二子放电元件,所述第一子放电元件一端与电池组正极连通,所述第一子放电元件的另一端与电池组公共极连通;所述第二子放电元件的一端与电池组公共极连通,所述第二子放电元件的另一端与电池组负极连通。 [0022] The first discharging element comprises a first element and a second sub-discharging sub-discharge element, an end of the first sub-discharging member communicating with the positive electrode of the battery pack, the other end of the first sub-discharging the battery pack common element communicating pole; the second sub-discharge element group common electrode at one end in communication with the battery, the other end of the second sub-discharging battery negative electrode and device communication.

[0023] 优选的,所述电源控制开关包括第十四触点开关和第十三触点开关,所述第十四触点开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口的连接,并设于靠近所述第一子放电元件的一端;所述第十三触点开关控制所述第二子放电元件与电路供电输入端口的连接。 [0023] Preferably, the power control switch comprises a fourteenth switch and a contact switch contacts the thirteenth, the fourteenth switch contact is connected to control the power supply circuit and the power supply input port, and disposed in near the discharge end of the first sub-element; the thirteenth switch contacts to control the second sub-discharge port connected to the input element and the power supply circuit.

[0024] 优选的,还包括第一触点开关,且所述导通回路包括第一电阻和第一发光二极管; 所述第一电阻与所述第一发光二极管串联后通过第一触点开关与所述第一放电元件并联。 [0024] Preferably, further comprising a first switch contact and the first conductive circuit comprises a first resistor and a light emitting diode; a first contact through the first resistor in series with the switch after the first light emitting diode in parallel with said first discharging element.

[0025] 优选的,所述开关电路包括第二选择开关、第三选择开关、第四选择开关、第五选择开关、第六选择开关和第七选择开关; [0025] Preferably, the switching circuit comprises a second selection switch, a third selection switch, a fourth selection switch, a fifth selection switch, the sixth switch and the seventh selector switch selection;

[0026] 所述第二选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通,所述第二选择开关的两个静触点分别与所述第四选择开关的两个静触点连接,所述第四选择开关的动触点与所述第六选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第六选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第三选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第三选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第五选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第五选择开关的动触点与所述第二继电器线圈的一端连接;所述第三选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通;所述第六选择开关的动触点与所述第七选择开关的动触点连接,所述第七选择开关的一个静触点与所述第二继电器线圈的一端连接,所述第七选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第一继电器线圈的一端连接;所述第一继电器线圈的另一端与所述电源负极连通,所述第二继电器线圈的另一端与电源负极连通。 Movable contact communication with the positive power supply [0026] The second selection switches, two stationary contacts of said second selection switches are connected to two stationary contacts of the fourth selection switch, the fourth selector switch movable contact and a stationary contact connected to said sixth selector switch, the sixth switch selecting another stationary contact connected to the third stationary contact a of the selection switch, the third another selector switch fixed contact of said fifth selector switch connected to a stationary contact, movable contact and the fifth selection switch end connected to the second relay coil; the third selection switch movable contact communication with the positive supply voltage; sixth movable contacts of the selector switch and the movable contact is connected to the seventh selection switch, a fixed contact of the second relay coil of the seventh selection switch connected with one end of the seventh selector switch fixed contact of the other end of the first relay coil is connected; other end of the relay coil with the first negative power supply communication, the other of the second relay coil One end of the negative power supply communication.

[0027] 优选的,所述开关电路还包括第八选择开关、第九选择开关、第十触点开关、第十一触点开关、第十二触点开关、第三继电器、第四继电器和第五继电器;所述第三继电器包括第一公共端、第二公共端、第一常闭触点和第二常闭触点; [0027] Preferably, the switching circuit further comprises an eighth selector switch, a ninth selector switch, switch contacts tenth, eleventh contact switch, the twelfth switch contacts, the third relay, and a fourth relay the fifth relay; said third relay comprises a first common terminal, a second common terminal, a first normally closed contact and the second normally closed contact;

[0028] 所述第八选择开关的动触点与所述电源正极连通,所述第八选择开关的一个静触点与所述第三继电器的第一公共端连接,第三继电器的第一常闭触点与所述第四继电器的常闭触点连接,第三继电器的第二常闭触点与第五继电器的公共端连接,第三继电器的第二公共端与第九选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第九选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通; Movable contact [0028] the eighth selector switch in communication with the positive power source, a stationary contact of said eighth selector switch to the first common terminal of said third relay is connected, a first relay of the third normally closed contact and the normally closed contact of the fourth relay is connected, the third relay and the second normally closed contact of the fifth relay connected to a common terminal, the third terminal of the second common relay of the ninth selection switch connected to a stationary contact, movable contact and the positive electrode of the ninth power source selection switch communication;

[0029] 所述第十触点开关的一端与电源正极连通,所述第十触点开关的另一端与第三继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上; [0029] One end of the positive electrode and the tenth power source contact switch in communication, the other end of the tenth coils in series with the third relay contact switch is connected to a negative power supply;

[0030] 所述第十一触点开关的一端与电源正极连通,所述第十一触点开关的另一端与第四继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上;所述第四继电器的公共端与所述第一继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上; [0030] The positive power supply end communicating with an eleventh contact switch, the other end of the eleventh series with the coil of the fourth relay contact switch is connected to a negative power supply; the fourth relay common after the end of the first relay coil is connected in series to the negative power supply;

[0031] 所述第十二触点开关与所述第五继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上;所述第五继电器的常闭触点与第一继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上。 [0031] After the twelfth coil connected in series with the switching contacts of the fifth relay connected to a power cathode; connects to the normally closed contact of the first relay coil is connected in series to a fifth relay of the power supply negative .

[0032] 优选的,所述开关电路还包括检测支路,所述检测支路与所述第三继电器的线圈并联,并对所述第三继电器的线圈的通电情况进行检测。 [0032] Preferably, the switching circuit further comprises a detection branch, the branch in parallel with the detection coil of the third relay and the third relay energization of the coil is detected.

[0033] 优选的,所述检测支路包括第二电阻和第二发光二极管,所述第二电阻和所述第二发光二极管串联。 [0033] Preferably, the detection branch comprising a second resistor and a second light emitting diode, the second resistor and the second light emitting diodes in series.

[0034] 优选的,所述开关电路还包括第三电阻和第三发光二极管,所述第四选择开关的动触点与所述第三电阻和所述第三发光二极管串联后连接到电源负极上。 [0034] Preferably, the switching circuit further comprises a third resistor and a third light emitting diode, the fourth movable contacts of the selector switch and the third resistor and the third light emitting diodes connected in series to the power supply negative on.

[0035] 优选的,所述第一子放电元件为第四电阻,所述第二子放电元件为第五电阻; [0035] Preferably, the first sub-discharging a fourth resistance element, the second sub-discharge to a fifth resistance element;

[0036] 所述第五电阻的阻值为100欧姆,所述第四电阻的阻值为100欧姆;所述第一继电器线圈的工作电流为I OmA,第一继电器的常闭触点和常开触点的工作电流为IA至5A。 [0036] The resistance value of the fifth resistor is 100 ohms, the resistance of the fourth resistor is 100 ohms; operating current of the relay coil of the first I OmA, a first normally closed relay contacts and normally open contacts operating current IA to 5A.

[0037] 本发明解决另一个技术问题采用如下技术方案:一种电动吻合器,包括末端执行器击发控制系统,所述击发控制系统控制所述末端执行器进行闭合和打开以及对组织的切割和缝合,所述击发控制系统包括以上所述的吻合器控制电路和击发部件,所述击发部件通过对所述吻合器控制电路对末端执行器进行控制。 [0037] Another technical problem the present invention solves the following technical solution: an electric stapler, the end effector comprising a firing control system, the control system controls the firing of the end effector closing and opening as well as for cutting tissue and suture, the firing control system comprising the above-described control circuit and the stapling firing member, the firing member of the end effector is controlled by the control circuit stapler.

[0038] 本发明具有一个如下有益效果:吻合器控制电路,因设置控制驱动回路中的直流电机给器械给出驱动力,开关电路控制所述直流电机完成末端执行器的闭合,打开,缝合, 切割,闭合到位后的刹车控制,左旋转到位的停止控制,右旋转到位停止控制,击发到位后的刹车控制及击发后回位控制和回位刹车停止控制;相对现有的半电动腔镜吻合器功能更加完善,更加智能,操作更加便捷;相对现有的全电动智能腔镜吻合器成本大大降低,功能完善,减轻患者负担。 [0038] The present invention has an advantageous effect as follows: stapling closed control circuit, the control provided by the drive circuit DC give driving force to the apparatus, the switching circuit controls the DC motor to complete the end effector, open, suture, cutting, braking control after the closure in place, the left rotation stop control in place, place right rotation stop control, the braking control after the firing and return brake control and the return stop control in place after firing; opposite half the conventional electric endoscopic stapling function more perfect, more intelligent, more convenient operation; opposite the existing all-electric smart endoscopic stapler greatly reduce the cost, improve function, reduce the burden on the patient. 因设置有电源控制开关,电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口连接,且所述电源控制开关控制所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电;使得操作者在需要的时候选择性的使供电电源进行供电,同时操作者可以选择性的使第一放电元件对供电电源进行放电;在需要时通过导通回路继续放电的同时对电路进行供电,直到电池的电量耗尽,解决了原有的电池环境污染的问题;并且提高了器械的安全性,不会因为误操作或误接触而启动器械;同时省去了对供电部分消毒清洁的工作。 There is provided by the power control switch, the power switch controls the power supply control of the power supply circuit connected to the input port and the first power control switch for controlling the discharging member discharging the power supply; such that an operator is required when selectively supplying power so that power supply, while the operator can selectively discharging the first discharge element to the power supply; if necessary continue to discharge through the conducting path of the circuit while the power supply until the battery is exhausted, solve the problem of the original battery of environmental pollution; and improved safety equipment, not because of misuse or incorrect contact activate the instrument; at the same time eliminating the need for power supply part of the disinfection work.

[0039] 本发明具有另一个如下有益效果:电动吻合器,因设置有上述吻合器控制电路,操作简单,不仅在大大降低成本的同时实现了全自动操作,节省成本保护环境、提高了器械的安全性,省去了部分复杂的消毒工作。 [0039] The present invention has another advantageous effect as follows: the electric stapler, because there is provided the above-described control circuit stapling, simple operation, while not only greatly reduce the cost to achieve a fully automatic operation, to protect the environment cost savings, improved instrument security, eliminating the need for complex partial disinfection.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0040] 图1为吻合器控制电路示意图。 [0040] FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of the control stapler.

[0041] 图中标记示意为: [0041] FIG schematically labeled as:

Figure CN106037849BD00081

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0044] 下面结合实施例及附图对本发明的技术方案作进一步阐述。 [0044] The following examples and the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments of the aspect of the present invention will be further explained.

[0045] 实施例1 [0045] Example 1

[0046] 本实施例提供了一种吻合器控制电路,包括:供电电源、第一放电元件、电源控制开关、导通回路、控制驱动回路; [0046] The present embodiment provides a stapling control circuit, comprising: a power supply, a first discharge element, the power control switch circuit is turned on, the drive control circuit;

[0047] 所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电; [0047] The first discharging element for discharging said power supply;

[0048] 所述电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口连接,且所述电源控制开关控制所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电; [0048] The power switch control circuit controls the supply of the power supply input port, the power control switch and the first discharge element controls the discharge power supply;

[0049] 所述导通回路与所述第一放电元件并联; [0049] The conducting path and the first discharge element connected in parallel;

[0050] 所述控制驱动回路与所述导通回路并联; [0050] The driving control circuit via circuit in parallel with the guide;

[0051] 所述控制驱动回路包括直流电机、第一继电器、第二继电器和开关电路,所述吻合器本体通过所述直流电机施加驱动力; [0051] The drive control circuit includes a DC motor, the first relay, second relay and a switching circuit, the DC motor driving force is applied by the stapler body;

[0052] 所述直流电机的一端与所述第一继电器的公共端连接,所述直流电机的另一端与所述第二继电器的公共端连接; [0052] One end of the DC motor and the common terminal of said first relay is connected to other end of the direct current motor is connected to a common terminal of said second relay;

[0053] 所述第一继电器的常开触点通过开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第一继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接;所述第二继电器的常开触点通过开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第二继电器的常闭触点与所述电源负极连接; [0053] The first normally open relay contact through the switch circuit connected to the positive supply voltage, the first relay normally closed contact connected to the negative power supply; the second relay normally open contact and through the switch circuit connected to the positive power, the second relay normally closed contact and the power supply negative connector;

[0054] 所述开关电路控制所述直流电机的正转、反转、正转刹车停止、反转刹车停止和旋转量。 [0054] The switching circuit controls the DC motor forward, reverse, forward brakes to stop, reverse rotation and rotation of the brakes to stop.

[0055] 这里具体描述的是腔镜吻合器的控制电路,设置电源控制开关,所述电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口的连接,且所述电源控制开关控制所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电;这里所说的电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端的连接,并不单一指控制所述供电电源对电路供电,也可指控制所述供电电源处于供电状态(电路是否得电的状态)。 [0055] specifically described herein are endoscopic stapler control circuit is provided to control the power switch, the power control switch is connected to control the power supply circuit of the power supply input port, and wherein said first power control switch controls discharging member discharging the power supply; where said power control switch controlling the power supply is connected to the supply input circuit, does not refer to a single power supply for the control circuitry can also control the power supply means It is powered on (the circuit is energized state).

[0056] 当需要供电电源对器械进行供电时,利用电源控制开关,启动供电电源与供电输入端口的连接,同时启动第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电;在此之前供电电源相当于独立个体存在,本身不放电不消耗电量,避免了供电电源在器械运作之前就浪费电量的问题,同时也使得器械本体不会一直处于被供电状态,不会出现误操作或误接触而启动器械的情况。 [0056] When the power supply of the equipment required for power, using the power control switch connected to the power supply to start power supply input port, a first discharge element at the same time start the discharge power supply; corresponding to the power supply before independence individual existence itself is not discharged Needless power consumption, avoiding the operating power supply before the instrument wasted power problem, but also makes the device body is not always in a powered state, not to misuse or incorrect contact activate the instrument case . 这里可以设置电源控制开关同时对所述供电输入端口和第一放电元件作用。 Here the power may be provided while the power switch control input port and a first discharge element effect. 此时第一放电元件开始对供电电源开始放电,因所述导通回路与所述第一放电元件并联,所述控制驱动回路与所述导通回路并联,所以此时供电电源处于对导通回路和控制驱动回路的供电状态;由此可以看出,启动电控控制开关后,第一放电元件开始对供电电源持续的放电的同时对器械本体开始提供电能,导通回路因得到电而导通,对得到电情况进行检测和显示;控制驱动回路可以在得电的情况下控制器械本体开始吻合操作;在吻合操作完毕之后控制驱动回路停止运作,第一放电元件仍然持续的对所述供电电源放电,直至将供电电量耗尽。 At this time, a first discharge element starts power supply starts discharging, due to the parallel guide via a first discharging circuit and the element, said drive circuit through the control circuit in parallel with the guide, so in this case the power supply is turned on the control circuit and drive circuit of the power supply state; can be seen, after starting electric control switch, the power supply starts while continuously discharging the first discharge element starts supplying power to the device body, obtained by conducting path is electrically turned Tong, on power up to detect and give a display; driving control circuit may control the device body in the case of stapling operation starts energized; driving control circuit cease to function stapling operation is completed, the first member continues to discharge the power supply discharge power supply, the power supply until the battery runs out. 这样器械一次性使用后电池随着器械被遗弃,电池电量会自动耗尽,不会造成对环境的污染;这种设计也免去了给供电接口单独消毒的操作,使用方便。 After such single-use instrument as the instrument is abandoned battery, battery automatically exhausted, does not pollute the environment; this design also eliminates the need for a separate power supply interface sterilization, easy to use.

[0057] 控制驱动回路中的直流电机对器械施加驱动力,因为设置有所述第一继电器的常开触点通过开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第一继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接;所述第二继电器的常开触点通过开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第二继电器的常闭触点与所述电源负极连接;开关电路控制所述直流电机的正转、反转、正转刹车停止、反转刹车停止和旋转量。 [0057] Control of the DC motor driving circuit applying a driving force to the apparatus, since the first relay is provided with a normally open contact with the positive power supply through the switch circuit is connected to the normally closed contact of the relay and the first negative power supply ; said second normally open relay contact through the switch circuit connected to the positive power supply, the second relay normally closed contact and the negative power supply is connected; a switching circuit for controlling the DC motor forward, reverse , forward brakes to stop, stop, and reverse brake the amount of rotation. 应当理解为,开关电路通过第一继电器和第二继电器控制直流电机,直流电机通过正转、反转、正转刹车停止、反转刹车停止和旋转量来控制末端执行器的钉仓组件和砧座的闭合、打开、闭合停止和打开停止,末端执行器的整体角度旋转,末端执行器对组织的切割、 缝合、切割缝合停止,切割缝合后的回位和回位到位的停止。 It should be understood that the switching circuit is controlled by the first and second relays DC motor, DC motor through the forward, reverse, forward brakes to stop, stop, and reverse rotation of the brake to control the amount of the cartridge assembly and the anvil of the end effector Block closing, opening, closing and opening stop to stop, the overall rotation angle of the end effector, the end effector to cut tissue, suturing, stapling stop cutting, after cutting and stapling the return of the return stop in place.

[0058] 解决了原有手动腔镜吻合器操作不方便费时费力的问题,而且电路结构相对成本较低,仅利用一个电机完成了对器械的末端执行器的闭合,打开,缝合,切割,闭合到位后的刹车控制,左旋转到位的停止控制,右旋转到位的停止控制,击发到位后的刹车控制及击发后回位控制和回位刹车停止控制,也就是说只用一个电机,完成腔镜吻合器的所有控制操作;相对现有的电动控制成本较低的同时功能更加完善更加智能;相对全电动智能腔镜吻合器,解决了高成本问题,并且功能完善;因为是一次性使用,减轻了患者的负担。 [0058] solve the problem of existing manually operated endoscopic stapler convenient time-consuming, and the circuit configuration is relatively low cost, by using only one motor to complete the closure of the end effector of the instrument, open, stapling, cutting, closing after the brake control in place, left rotation in place of the stop control, right rotation in place of the stop control, brake control in place after the firing and the firing after the return control brakes to stop and return control, which means that only one motor, complete endoscopic All control operations stapler; relatively low cost of a conventional electric control while function better more intelligent; intelligent all-electric relatively endoscopic stapler to solve the problem of high cost, and functional; because it is a one-time use, reduce the burden on the patient.

[0059] 本实施例优选的,所述供电电源为可拆卸电源,所述供电电源可拆卸的与所述电路供电输入端口连接。 [0059] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the power supply is a removable power supply, the power supply is detachably connected to the supply input port of said circuit. 应当理解为可拆卸供电源与所述电路输入端口和电路输出端口连接后为不可再从器械上拆卸下来,当然也可以设置成可以从器械上拆卸下来,这样设置,可以选择性的安装供电电源,为了方便,因为设置有电源控制开关,有效的控制供电电源的供电情况,所以供电电源为连接后为不可再从器械上拆卸下来的情况较为方便。 It should be understood that for the detachable output power supply circuit and the input port and the circuit port is no longer removed from the instrument down, of course, also be provided so as to be detachable from the instrument, arranged such, the power supply may be selectively installed for convenience, since the power supply controlling switch is provided, where the effective power control of the power supply, the power supply for the case where the connection is no longer removed from the more convenient the instrument down.

[0060] 本实施例优选的,所述供电电源为多个电池所组成的电池组;所述电池组包括正极、负极和公共极; Preferred embodiments [0060] of the present embodiment, the power supply is a battery pack consisting of a plurality of cells; the battery pack includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a common electrode;

[0061] 所述第一放电元件包括第一子放电元件和第二子放电元件,所述第一子放电元件一端与电池组正极连通,所述第一子放电元件的另一端与电池组的公共极连通;所述第二子放电元件的一端与电池组公共极连通,所述第二子放电元件的另一端与电池组负极连通。 [0061] The first discharging element comprises a first element and a second sub-discharging sub-discharging member, the first sub-discharge end of the cathode member in communication with the battery pack, the other end of the first sub-discharging of the battery pack element a common electrode communication; the second sub-discharge element group common electrode at one end in communication with the battery, the other end of the second sub-discharge member communicating with the negative electrode of the battery pack.

[0062] 这里的电池组包括正极、负极和公共极,应当理解为电池组包括多个电池,单个电池与单个电池之间无论是串联、并联或串并联形成的,只要形成整个电池组的正极、负极和公共极均包含在本申请的请求保护范围之内。 [0062] where the battery pack includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a common electrode, should be understood to include either a battery pack in series, parallel, or formed between a plurality of cells, a single cell with a single battery, a positive electrode is formed as long as the entire battery pack , a negative electrode and a common electrode are included within the scope of the present disclosure claimed. 这里应当理解所述的供电源的公共极为既可成为正极又可成为负极的电极;例如:当电池组包括4个电池时,4个电池串联成电池组,分别为第一电池串联第二电池后串联第三电池后串联第四电池,其中第一电池的正极与第二电池负极的连接点可作为公共极,既为第一电池的正极,又可为第二电池的负极;同上所述第二电池的正极与第三电池的负极的连接点和第三电池的正极与第四电池的负极的连接点均可作为公共极,此种情况下,第四电池的正极为电池组的正极,第一电池的负极为电池组的负极;在此不再赘述。 It should here be understood that the common power supply can be extremely positive electrode became a negative electrode in turn; for example: When the battery pack 4 includes a battery, the battery cells in series into four groups, namely a first series connection of the second battery cell after the fourth series after the third battery cells in series, wherein the positive electrode of the first battery and the second battery negative electrode can be used as a connection point, either a common positive electrode of the first battery, but also for the negative electrode of the second battery; the above the positive and negative electrodes negative electrode junction connection point of the cathode of the second cell and the third cell and a third cell and the fourth cell can be used as a common electrode, a positive electrode in this case, the positive electrode is the fourth battery cell stack , the negative electrode is the negative electrode of the first battery cell stack; omitted herein.

[0063] 这样设置,当供电电源开始放电之后,第一子放电元件和第二子放电元件分别对电池组中的电池的电量分批放电,避免了可能出现的大电流对电池的损害及其造成对电路板放电电阻过热,电流过大,电路板过热等对电池有损耗的问题。 [0063] Thus arranged, when the power supply starts discharging, the first sub-discharge member and the second sub-discharge of the battery element, respectively, of the battery charge and discharge batch, to avoid a large current that may occur and damage to the battery causing the discharge resistor to the circuit board overheat, overcurrent, overheating and the like on circuit boards have a problem of loss of battery.

[0064] 本实施例优选的,所述电源控制开关包括第十四触点开关和第十三触点开关,所述第十四触点开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口的连接,并设于靠近所述第一子放电元件的一端;所述第十三触点开关控制所述第二子放电元件与电路供电输入端口的连接。 [0064] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the power control switch comprises a fourteenth switch and a contact switch contacts the thirteenth, the fourteenth switch contact is connected to control the power supply circuit and the power supply input port, and provided near one end of the first sub-discharge member; and the thirteenth switch contacts to control the second sub-discharge port connected to the input element and the power supply circuit. 如图,这样设置第十四触点开关控制供电电源对整个电路的供电情况的同时也控制第一子放电元件的放电,第十三触点开关控制第二子放电元件的放电情况。 As shown, this contact switch is provided a fourteenth control power supply while the power supply to the entire circuit also controls the discharge of the first sub-discharge cell, a thirteenth control of the second sub-discharge switch contacts discharge element case. 可以设置第十四触点开关和第十三触点开关同时操作或同一操作按键。 A fourteenth switch contacts may be provided and operated simultaneously or contact switch thirteenth same operation key.

[0065] 本实施例优选的,还包括第一触点开关,且所述导通回路包括第一电阻和第一发光二极管;所述第一电阻和第一发光二极管串联后通过第一触点开关与所述第一放电元件并联。 Preferred embodiments [0065] of the present embodiment, further comprising a first switch contact and the first conductive circuit comprises a first resistor and a light emitting diode; a first resistor and a first rear light emitting diodes connected in series through the first contact and the first discharge switching elements connected in parallel.

[0066] 这样设置,第一放电元件和第一电阻会继续对电源继续放电,所述的第一发光二极管会因为电路的导通而发亮,这样对安装上的执行器末端的安装情况起到一个指示作用。 [0066] Thus arranged, a first resistor and a first discharge element will continue to continue to discharge power, said first light emitting diode is turned on because the circuit and shiny, so that installation of the actuator is mounted on the end of play to indicate a role. 使得操作者对器械组装后电路的状态有个清楚的了解,更加方便。 So that the operator have a clear understanding of the state of the circuit device assembled, it is more convenient. 设置第一触点开关可以对导通回路的导通指示进行控制,供操作者做选择。 A first contact switch is turned on can be controlled to indicate the conducted circuit, for the operator to make choice.

[0067] 本实施例优选的,所述开关电路包括第二选择开关、第三选择开关、第四选择开关、第五选择开关、第六选择开关和第七选择开关; [0067] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the switching circuit comprises a second selection switch, a third selection switch, a fourth selection switch, a fifth selection switch, the sixth switch and the seventh selector switch selection;

[0068] 所述第二选择开关的动触点与所述电源正极连通,所述第二选择开关的两个静触点分别与所述第四选择开关的两个静触点连接,所述第四选择开关的动触点与所述第六选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第六选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第三选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第三选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第五选择开关的一个静触点连接, 所述第五选择开关的动触点与所述第二继电器线圈的一端连接;所述第三选择开关的动触点与所述电源正极连通;所述第六选择开关的动触点与所述第七选择开关的动触点连接, 所述第七选择开关的一个静触点与所述第二继电器线圈的一端连接,所述第七选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第一继电器线圈的一端连接;所述第一继电器线圈的另一端与所述电源负极连通,所述第二继电器线圈的另一端与所述电源 Two stationary contacts movable contact [0068] the second selection switch is in communication with the positive power source, said second selection switches are connected to two stationary contacts of the fourth selection switch, the fourth selection switch movable contact with a stationary contact of said sixth selection switch is connected, the other of the sixth selection switch connected to the third stationary contact of a stationary contact selection switch, the another third stationary contact is connected to the selection switch selecting switch a fifth stationary contact, the movable contact of the fifth selection switch connected to one end of the second relay coil; the third selection switch movable contact communication with the positive power supply; the sixth selection switch connected to the movable contact of the movable contact seventh selection switch, the selection switch of a seventh contact and the second stationary One end is connected to two relay coil, said seventh selector switch fixed contact of the other end of the first relay coil is connected; other end of the relay coil of the first communication with the negative power source, the second the other end of the relay coil to the power supply 极连通。 Extreme connectivity.

[0069] 因设置有直流电机一端与所述第一继电器的公共端连接,所述直流电机另一端与所述第二继电器的公共端连接;当电源给第一继电器通电时,第一继电器导通,它的常开触点闭合,因第一继电器的常开触点与电源正极连接,直流电机的一端与第一继电器的公共端连接,所以此时第一继电器通过常开触点的闭合给到电机一端的直流电刷上连接的是正极;又因为此时,第二继电器并没有通电导通,第二继电器的常闭触点与所述电源负极连接,直流电机另一端电刷与所述第二继电器的公共端连接,所以电源负极通过第二继电器的常闭触点给到电机另一端电刷上的是负极;此时控制电机旋转,定义为电机旋转方向为正转。 [0069] There is provided by one end connected to a common DC terminal of said first relay, the other end of the DC terminal of the second common relay connection; when the power supply to the first relay is energized, the first relay is turned on, its normally open contacts closed, because the first normally open relay contact connected to the positive supply voltage, one end of the common terminal of the first DC motor is connected to the relay, so in this case the first relay by closing the normally open contacts is connected to the upper end of the DC brush motor is a positive electrode; and because this time, the second relay is not energized and turned on, the second relay normally closed contact and the power supply negative connector, the other end of the DC motor and the brush a common terminal of said second relay is connected to the negative power supply so that the other end of the motor to the brush through the normally closed contact of the second relay is a negative electrode; controlling rotation of the motor at this time is defined as the motor rotation direction is forward. 当电源给第二继电器通电时,第二继电器导通,第二继电器的常开触点与电源正极连接,直流电机的另一端电刷通过第二继电器与电源正极连接,此时,第一继电器没有通电导通,所述第一继电器的常闭触点与所述电源负极连接,所以直流电机的一端电刷通过第一继电器与电源负极连接;此时控制电机旋转,定义为电机旋转方向为反转。 When the power to the second relay is energized, the second relay is turned on, the normally open contact connected to the positive supply voltage, the other end of the brush DC motor via a second relay connected to the positive power source and the second relay, this time, the first relay no power is turned on, the first relay normally closed contact and the power supply negative connector, the end of the brushless DC motor by a first relay connected to the negative power supply; controlling rotation of the motor case, the motor rotation direction is defined as reverse.

[0070] 与器械结构相互配合,腔镜吻合器的操作过程为:将具有电池的器械安装上末端执行器,将末端执行器操作为闭合状态,将闭合状态下的末端执行器穿过穿刺器靠近需要操作的组织,再将末端执行器操作为打开状态,旋转末端执行器的角度,调整到合适角度后,闭合末端执行器对组织进行夹持,夹持后对组织进行缝合和切割,之后将末端执行器调整为打开状态以松开被操作的组织。 [0070] The structure cooperating with the device, during operation of the endoscopic stapler is: an instrument having a battery mounted on the end effector, the end effector is operated to a closed state, the end effector in the closed state through the trocar after the tissue near the need to operate, the end effector then operated to an open state, the angle of rotation of the end effector, adjusted to the appropriate angle, closing the end effector to clamp tissue, the tissue stapling and cutting the nip, after the end effector is adjusted to an open state to release the tissue to be operated.

[0071] 此时常态下,第五选择开关的第一静触点SW5-1与第五选择开关的动触点SW5-2并未连接,处于断开状态,当末端执行器需要闭合时,触发第三选择开关,第三选择开关的动触点SW3-2与第三选择开关的第一静触点SW3-1连接;需要说明的是,当第三选择开关被触发的同时,第五选择开关也同时被连带触发,使得第五选择开关的第一静触点SW5-1与动触点SW5-2连接;因在此时常态下,第六选择开关的第二静触点SW6-3与第六选择开关的动触点SW6-2连接,第七选择开关的第二静触点SW7-3与第七选择开关的动触点SW7-2连接,因此与第七选择开关的第二静触点SW7-3的第一继电器得电导通,从而使得第一继电器的常开触点闭合导通,电源正极加载到直流电机一端的电刷上;此时,第二继电器并不导电,第二继电器的常闭触点与所述电源负极连通,所以直流电机的另一端的电 [0071] Under normal case, a first movable contact SW5-2 fifth stationary contact selection switch SW5-1 of the fifth selection switch is not connected, in an open state, when the need to close the end effector, trigger third selection switch, a first movable contact stationary contacts SW3-1 and SW3-2 third selection switch connected to the third selection switch; should be noted that, when the third selection switch is triggered at the same time, the fifth selection switch is also triggered jointly, so that the fifth selector switch SW5-1 of the first fixed contact and the movable contact is connected SW5-2; at this time due to normal, a second stationary contact sixth selection switch SW6- movable contact 3 is connected to the sixth selection switches SW6-2, SW7-3 second stationary contact connected to the seventh selection switch SW7-2 seventh selector switch movable contact, and thus the first selection switch and the seventh the first relay have two stationary contacts SW7-3 of conduction, so that the first normally open relay contact closes, and loaded onto a positive power supply end of the brushless DC motor; At this time, the second relay is not electrically conductive a second normally closed relay contact and the negative power supply communication, the other end of the DC electrical machine 加载到电源负极上,形成整个回路,控制电机的正转。 Loaded onto a negative power, the entire circuit is formed, to control the motor rotation. 当电机运转到所连通的机械结构触动第六选择开关, 第六选择开关的第二静触点SW6-3与所述第六选择开关的动触点SW6-2断开,第六选择开关的第一静触点SW6-1与所述第六选择开关的动触点SW6-2闭合,上述回路不通,电机运转停止,对末端执行器的驱动停止,达到所需效果;同时,因为静触点第一SW6-1与动触点SW6-2 闭合使得第一静触点SW6-1连通的第二选择开关和第四选择开关处于被通电准备的状态, 为后续的操作做准备。 When the motor to the mechanical structure of the touch communication sixth selection switch, the sixth selector switches SW6-3 second fixed contacts and the movable contact of the sixth selection switch SW6-2 is turned off, the sixth selection switch a first stationary contact movable contact SW6-2 and SW6-1 the sixth selection switch is closed the barrier circuit, the motor operation is stopped, the driving of the end stop, to achieve the desired effect; the same time, because the stationary contact a first movable contact point SW6-2 and SW6-1 closed such that the first stationary contact of the second selection switch SW6-1 communication and the fourth selection switch is in a state ready to be energized, in preparation for subsequent operations.

[0072] 因为设置有第五选择开关,当在电机正转控制执行器末端闭合到位需要再对执行器末端操作为打开状态时,此时松开第三选择开关的触点,第三选择开关自动回弹到原始状态,即第三选择开关的第一静触点SW3-3与第三选择开关的动触点SW3-2连接;此时触动第五选择开关,使得第五选择开关的第一静触点SW5-1和第五选择开关的动触点SW5-2连接,这样使得第二继电器通电导通,第二继电器的常开触点导电,闭合连通,通过第二继电器加载到直流电机另一端的电刷上;此时第一继电器不通电,第一继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连通,第一继电器连接直流电机的一端的电刷,形成整个回路,所以控制电机反转, 这样使得机械部分反方向驱动操作控制末端执行器打开。 [0072] Since there is provided a fifth selection switch, when in normal rotation control motor actuators need to place the end of the closed end of the operation of the actuator to the open state, then release the third selection switch contacts, the third selection switch automatically spring back to its original state, i.e., a first stationary contact SW3-3 third selection switch SW3-2 is connected to the movable contact of the third selection switch; touch fifth selector switch case so that the first fifth selector switch a movable contact SW5-2 and SW5-1 stationary contact is connected to the fifth selector switch, so that the second relay is energized turned, the second conductive relay normally open contact, closed communication via a second load to the DC relay the other end of the brush motor; while the first relay is not energized, normally closed contact of the first relay and the negative power supply communication, the first relay connector at one end of the brush DC motor, is formed around the loop, the control motor reverse , so that the mechanical part of the counter direction driving control operation to open the end effector.

[0073] 通过第二选择开关、第四选择开关、第六选择开关和第七选择开关来控制末端执行器的缝合和切割及击发到位后的刹车控制及击发后回位控制和回位刹车停止控制;可以设置机械结构此时将直流电机有驱动闭合或打开的驱动部件换档位驱动缝合和切割的驱动杆。 [0073] by the second selection switch, a fourth selection switch, the sixth switch and the seventh selection switch to control the selection of the end effector and the cutting and stapling in place after firing of the firing after the braking control and return control of the brakes and stop the return control; bit shift drive member may be provided at this time the mechanical structure for driving the DC motor driven closing or opening of the drive rod stapling and cutting.

[0074] 触发第二选择开关SW2,第二选择开关的动触点SW2-2与第二选择开关的第一静触点SW2-1连接,此时第二选择开关的第一静触点SW2-1与第四选择开关的第二静触点SW4-3 连接与第四选择开关的动触点SW4-2连接与第六选择开关的第一静触点SW6-1连接与第六选择开关的动触点SW6-2连接与第七选择开关的动触点SW7-2连接于所述第七选择开关的第二静触点SW4-3连接的第一继电器连通,所以此时第一继电器导通,第二继电器不导通, 同上所述的原理一样,控制电机正转,驱动末端执行器对组织进行缝合和/或切割,设置机械机构,在缝合和/或切割完毕之后机械结构会同时触发第四选择开关和第七选择开关,使得第四选择开关第一静触点SW4-1和动触点SW4-2闭合,第七选择开关的第一静触点SW7-1 和动触点SW7-2闭合,这样第一继电器失常,其常开触点断开,第一继电器断电的 [0074] triggers the second selection switch SW2, a first movable contact stationary contacts SW2-1 and SW2-2 second selection switch is connected to the second selection switch, a first stationary contact at this time the second selection switch SW2 a second stationary contact and the fourth selection switch SW4-3 -1 is connected to the fourth selector switches SW4-2 first fixed contact connected to the movable contact of the sixth selection switch connected to the sixth selection switch SW6-1 the first relay second stationary contacts SW4-3 SW7-2 movable contact movable contact connected to the seventh selection switch SW6-2 is connected to the seventh selection switch connected to the communication, so in this case the first relay turned on, the second relay is non-conducting, the principles as above, control the motor forward, the drive end of the tissue stapling and / or cutting, a mechanical means, will stapling and / or cutting after the completion of the mechanical structure fourth selection switch triggered simultaneously and the seventh selector switch, such that the fourth selection switch SW4-1 of the first stationary contact and the movable contact closure SW4-2, SW7-1 a first stationary contact and the movable contact seventh selection switch closing SW7-2 point, such that the first relay disorders that normally open contacts, the first relay is de-energized 时,直流电机两端的电刷分别通过第一继电器和第二继电器的常闭触点短接,形成对电机原有正转运动的方向电势,从而形成对电机的“刹车”作用,及时阻断了因电机正转时,即使断电也会因正转方向的惯性产生的正转对驱动杆的进一步驱动,从而达到了立即停止缝钉及切割的运动。 When both ends of a brushless DC motor, respectively, through the normally closed contacts shorting the first and second relays, is formed on the positive direction of pivotal movement of the original potential of the motor, thereby forming a "brake" effect on the motor, timely block when the motor is transferred because, even if power is interrupted the normal rotation direction by the inertia generated by the normal rotation of the driving rod further, so as to achieve an immediate halt of staples and cutting motion.

[0075] 此时再触发第二选择开关,第二选择开关动触点SW2-2与第二选择开关第二静触点SW2-3闭合,第二选择开关动触点SW2-2与第二选择开关第一静触点SW2-1断开,由此电源正极经第二选择开关SW2,经第四选择开关的动触点SW4-2与第四选择开关的第二静触点SW4-3,经第六选择开关的动触点SW6-2与第六选择开关的第一静触点SW6-1,经第七选择开关的动触点SW7-2与第七选择开关的第一静触点SW7-1加载到第二继电器上,第二继电器通电导通,第二继电器的常开触点导电,闭合连通,通过第二继电器加载到直流电机另一端的电刷上;此时,第一继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接,形成整个回路,使得电机反转,带动机械结构反向运动,吻合器击发回位。 [0075] At this time, the second selection switch trigger again, the second selection switch SW2-2 movable contact and a second stationary contact of the second selection switch SW2-3 is closed, the second selection switch and a second movable contact SW2-2 first fixed contact selection switch SW2-1 is turned off, whereby the positive power supply via the second selection switch SW2, a second stationary contact by the movable contact of the selection switch SW4-2 of the fourth and the fourth selection switch SW4-3 , the sixth selector switch SW6-2 movable contact with the first stationary contact sixth selection switches SW6-1, SW7-2 movable contact via a seventh switch and the seventh selection switch selecting a first stationary contact SW7-1 point loaded onto a second relay, the second relay is energized conductive, electrically conductive contact normally open, closes communication loaded onto the other end of the brush DC motor via a second relay a second relay; At this time, the first normally closed contact and a relay connected to the negative power supply, the entire circuit is formed, so that reversing the motor drive mechanical structure reverse movement, a stapler firing return. 一直运动到第四选择开关SW4和第七选择开关SW7被触发,第四选择开关的第一静触点SW4-1和第四选择开关的动触点SW4-2断开,第四选择开关的第二静触点SW4-3和第四选择开关的动触点SW4-2闭合,第七选择开关的第一静触点SW7-1和第七选择开关的动触点SW7-2断开,第四选择开关的第二静触点SW4-3和第四选择开关的动触点SW4-2闭合;使得第二继电器此时所在的支路断电,第二继电器常开触点断开,电机断电停止反方向运动,电机断电的同时,电机两端的电刷分别通过第一继电器和第二继电器的常闭触点短接,形成阻碍运动的反势,从而形成“刹车”作用,阻碍停止时电机的惯性运动,从而及时停止击发回位运动。 Has been moved to select the fourth switch SW4 and the seventh switch SW7 is activated to select, a first movable contact SW4-2 fourth selection switch SW4-1 stationary contact and the fourth selection switch is turned off, the fourth selection switch a second movable contact and the stationary contact SW4-3 to SW4-2 fourth selection switch is closed, a first movable contact SW7-2 SW7-1 seventh stationary contacts and the seventh selection switch selection switch is turned off, fourth selection switch movable contact of the second stationary contact and a fourth selection switches SW4-3 SW4-2 closed; at this time so that the branch is located off the second relay, the second relay normally open contacts, motor power to stop the movement in the opposite direction, while the power from the motor, the brush across the motor are shorted by a first normally-closed contact of the relay and a second relay, a barrier to movement potential anti, thereby forming a "brake" effect, hinder the movement of inertia when the motor is stopped, thereby stopping the firing timely return movement.

[0076] 这样设置的开关电路控制完成了电机对末端执行器的闭合,打开,缝合,切割,闭合到位后的刹车控制,击发到位后的刹车控制及击发后回位控制和回位刹车停止控制。 [0076] The switch circuit thus arranged controls the completion of the closing motor of the end effector, is opened, stapling, cutting, braking control after the closure in place, the braking control after the firing place and the firing after the return control and the return brake stop control . 成本相对较低的同时,功能完善。 While relatively low cost, fully functional.

[0077] 本实施例优选的,所述开关电路还包括第八选择开关、第九选择开关、第十触点开关、第十一触点开关、第十二触点开关、第三继电器、第四继电器和第五继电器;所述第三继电器包括第一公共端、第二公共端、第一常闭触点和第二常闭触点; [0077] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the switching circuit further comprises an eighth selector switch, a ninth selector switch, switch contacts tenth, eleventh contact switch, the twelfth switch contacts, the third relay, the first four relays and the fifth relay; said third relay comprises a first common terminal, a second common terminal, a first normally closed contact and the second normally closed contact;

[0078] 所述第八选择开关的动触点与所述电源正极连通,所述第八选择开关的一个静触点与所述第三继电器的第一公共端连接,第三继电器的第一常闭触点与所述第四继电器的常闭触点连接,第三继电器的第二常闭触点与第五继电器的公共端连接,第三继电器的第二公共端与第九选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第九选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通; Movable contact [0078] the eighth selector switch in communication with the positive power source, a stationary contact of said eighth selector switch to the first common terminal of said third relay is connected, a first relay of the third normally closed contact and the normally closed contact of the fourth relay is connected, the third relay and the second normally closed contact of the fifth relay connected to a common terminal, the third terminal of the second common relay of the ninth selection switch connected to a stationary contact, movable contact and the positive electrode of the ninth power source selection switch communication;

[0079] 所述第十触点开关的一端与电源正极连通,所述第十触点开关的另一端与第三继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上; [0079] One end of the positive electrode and the tenth power source contact switch in communication, the other end of the tenth coils in series with the third relay contact switch is connected to a negative power supply;

[0080] 所述第十一触点开关的一端与电源正极连通,所述第十一触点开关的另一端与第四继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上;所述第四继电器的公共端与所述第一继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上; [0080] The positive power supply end communicating with an eleventh contact switch, the other end of the eleventh series with the coil of the fourth relay contact switch is connected to a negative power supply; the fourth relay common after the end of the first relay coil is connected in series to the negative power supply;

[0081] 所述第十二触点开关与所述第五继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上,所述第五继电器的常闭触点与第一继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上。 [0081] After the twelfth coil connected in series with said fifth relay contact switch connected to the negative power supply, the coil in series with the first normally-closed contact of the fifth relay connected to the power supply relay negative .

[0082] 这里设置第十触点开关,被设定为当器械的末端执行器安装到器械上时,对所述第十触点开关进行触发,第十触点开关触发后,第三继电器的线圈通电,第三继电器的常闭触点断开,此时若第八选择开关被触发,由于第三继电器的常闭触点与第四继电器的常闭触点连接,所述第八选择开关不能起到使得第三继电器通过第四继电器让第一继电器线圈通电的作用,从而不能对直流电机进行控制作用。 [0082] Here tenth contact switch is provided, is set to end when the instrument is mounted to the instrument, the tenth switch contact trigger, a trigger contact switch after the tenth, a third relay the coil is energized, the normally closed contact of the third relay is interrupted, and the switch is triggered when the eighth selection, since the third relay normally closed contact and the normally closed contact of the fourth relay is connected to a selector switch eighth the third relay can not play such that the first through the fourth relay coil is energized so that the relay action, thus not acting on the DC motor control. 末端执行器安装上后,在器械的机械结构的作用下,不再对第十触点开关发生作用,第三继电器的线圈不再得电,此时触发第八选择开关,因为第三继电器的第一常闭触点与第四继电器的常闭触点连接,第四继电器的公共端与第一继电器的线圈串联,所以此时第一继电器的线圈得电,结合以上所述,此时控制直流电机正转,从而控制末端执行器旋转(设定此次旋转为向右旋转);当直流电机控制末端执行器旋转到一定位置时(设定此位置为向右旋转的最大限定位置),第十一触点开关会被触动,当第十一触点开关被触动后,第四继电器的线圈得电,第四继电器的常闭触点断开, 这样使得上述的第一继电器就不再得电,进而直流电机停止旋转,控制末端执行器右旋转停止。 Mounted on the rear end, under the action of the mechanical structure of the instrument, no longer takes place on the tenth switch contacts, the third relay coil is not energized, the eighth selector switch triggering, because the third relay a first normally-closed contact and the normally closed contact of the fourth relay is connected to the common terminal of the first coils in series to a fourth relay of the relay, the first relay coil is energized at this time, in conjunction with the above, the control will DC motor normal rotation, thereby controlling the rotation of the end effector (the set as the rotation to the right); when the DC motor controls the rotation of the end effector to a location (the location is set to the right maximum rotation position defined), an eleventh switch contact is touched, when the eleventh switch contact is actuated, the coil of the fourth relay is energized, normally closed relay contacts open fourth, such that said first relay is no longer is energized, thereby stopping the rotation of the DC motor, the control right rotation end stops. 这样就限定了末端执行器的右旋转角度。 This defines a right rotation angle of the end effector.

[0083] 相对上述末端执行器的右旋转,当需要末端执行器左旋转时,触动第九选择开关, 这里设置的第九选择开关和第八选择开关是不能被同时触动的;在常态下,触点第九选择开关后,电源正极通过第三继电器的第二公共端与第三继电器的第二常闭触点的连接,又因为设置第三继电器的第二常闭触点与第五继电器的公共端连接,通过与第五继电器的公共端连接的第五继电器的常闭触点连接的第二继电器的线圈供电,此时使得第二继电器的线圈得电,结合上述,此时直流电机相对的反转,从而控制末端执行器旋转(相对上述设定的右转,现在为左转);当末端执行器旋转到左转的一定角度,第十二触点开关被触发,第五继电器得电,第五继电器的常闭触点与公共端断开,电源不再给第二继电器供电,因此进而直流电机停止旋转,控制末端执行器左旋 [0083] relative to the end effector right rotation, left rotation when required end effector, touch selection switch ninth, the eighth and the ninth selection switch selecting switch provided herein can not be touched simultaneously; in a normal state, after the ninth selection switch contact, the positive power supply through the second normally-closed contact of the second relay and the third common terminal connected to the third relay, the third relay is provided and because the second normally closed contact of the fifth relay a common terminal connected to the power supply through the coil of the second relay normally closed contact connected to the fifth relay connected to a common terminal of the fifth relay, in which case such that the second relay coil is energized, the combination of the above, when the DC motor inverted relative to control rotation of the end effector (relative to the setting of the right turn, left turn now); when the end effector is rotated to the left at an angle, the contact switch is triggered twelfth, fifth relay energized, normally closed contact and the common terminal of the fifth relay is disconnected, no power supply to the second relay, thus stopping further rotation of the DC motor, controlling the end effector L 停止。 stop. 这样就限定了末端执行器的左旋转角度。 This defines the left end of the rotational angle.

[0084] 本实施例优选的,所述开关电路还包括检测支路,所述检测支路与所述第三继电器的线圈并联,并对所述第三继电器线圈的通电情况进行检测。 [0084] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the switching circuit further comprises a detection branch, the branch in parallel with the detection coil of the third relay, and power is applied to said third relay coil is detected. 因设置检测支路与第三继电器的线圈并联,当末端执行器安装到器械上时,第十触点开关被触发,检测支路导通,检测支路对通电情况进行检测,说明末端执行器安装到位,对安装起到提示检测的作用,增强了安全性。 Provided parallel to the coil due to the detection branch of the third relay, when the end effector is mounted to the instrument, the tenth contact switch is triggered, conducting branches detected, detection branch of the power is applied to detect the end effector described in place of the installation play a role in prompt detection, enhanced security.

[0085] 本实施例优选的,所述检测支路包括第二电阻和第二发光二极管,所述第二电阻和第二发光二极管串联。 [0085] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the detection branch comprising a second resistor and a second light emitting diode, the second resistor and the second light emitting diode in series. 当末端执行器安装到器械上,检测支路导通,第二发光二极管亮, 对安装起到了提示作用,增强安全性。 When the end effector is mounted to the instrument is turned on detection branch, a second light emitting diode, mounted on the role played tips to enhance security.

[0086] 本实施例优选的,所述开关电路还包括第三电阻和第三发光二极管,所述第四选择开关的动触点与所述第三电阻和第三发光二极管串联后连接到电源负极上。 [0086] Preferred embodiments of the present embodiment, the switching circuit further comprises a third resistor and a third light emitting diode, the fourth movable contacts of the selector switch and the third resistor and a third light emitting diodes connected in series to a power supply the negative. 当第二选择开关和第四选择开关作用使得第三电阻和第三发光二极管得电,第三发光二极管亮,起到提示的作用,使得电路更加智能。 When the second selection switch and the fourth selection switch such that a third resistor and a third action of the light emitting diode is energized, a third light emitting diode light, functions suggested, makes the circuit more intelligent.

[0087] 本实施例优选的,所述第一子放电元件为第四电阻,所述第二子放电元件为第五电阻; [0087] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the first sub-discharging a fourth resistance element, the second sub-discharge to a fifth resistance element;

[0088] 所述第五电阻的阻值为100欧姆,所述第四电阻的阻值为100欧姆;所述第一继电器线圈的工作电流为I OmA,第一继电器的常闭触点和常开触点的工作电流为I-5A。 [0088] The resistance value of the fifth resistor is 100 ohms, the resistance of the fourth resistor is 100 ohms; operating current of the relay coil of the first I OmA, a first normally closed relay contacts and normally open contacts operating current I-5A.

[0089] 这样设置,控制驱动回路因设置第一继电器和第二继电器控制直流电机,第一继电器和第二继电器的常闭触点和常开触点的工作电流为安级电流,而第一继电器和第二继电器的线圈为毫安级的电流,可以减少控制驱动回路中的电流对控制开关电路电流的干扰,将安级的控制驱动回路独立出来,在选择元器件耐压和耐流等级时,可以针对不同的工作电流选择不同额定电流大小的元器件,从而可以节省元器件的成本和体积大小;这样设置可以在绘制电路板元器件布局时,将模块内的元器件布局在一起,这样元器件管脚彼此之间的连接较短,电流回路走过的路径也较短,从而电流路径上产生的消耗和辐射达到较小的程度;这样设置改变了现有好多产品在电路设计上,只能通过安级电流控制多个电机, 使得在回路中耗能较大,在控制中电机也很容易受到 [0089] Thus arranged, the drive control circuit is provided by a first and second relays to control the DC motor, the first and second relays normally closed contact and the normally open contact operating current of a current security level, and the first and the second relay coil of the relay is milliamp current, current control driver circuit may reduce interference control current switch circuit, the security level control independent drive circuit, the choice of components and pressure-resistant flow class when, may be selected for different operating currents of different nominal current magnitude components, which can save cost and size of the volume components; this can be provided when the layout drawing circuit board components, the layout of the components together in the module, such pins are connected between each component short circuit current path traversed is shorter, so that consumption and radiation generated in the current path to achieve a lesser extent; this changes the current provided on the circuit design of many products , by only controlling a plurality of motor current security level, so that the large energy consumption in the circuit, the motor control is also very susceptible to 开关电路的干扰。 Interference switching circuit.

[0090] 本实施例优选的,还包括热敏电阻,在所述第一继电器的常开触点与电源正极之间设置有热敏电阻;当直流电机在驱动转动时,若受到阻力,直流电机的电流会变大,电流的变大会对直流电机本身及相关的电路造成影响,热敏电阻将对上述情况下的电路及直流电机起到保护作用,可以对电路在操作过程中做进一步的保护。 [0090] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, further comprising a thermistor, the normally open contact between the positive supply voltage of the first relay is provided with a thermistor; when the DC motor is driven to rotate, if subjected to resistance, DC motor current becomes large, the variable DC current Assembly itself and the associated circuitry and cause circuit under the influence of the DC motor, the thermistor will protect the above, it can be further during operation of the circuit protection.

[0091] 实施例2 [0091] Example 2

[0092] 本实施例提供了一种电动吻合器,包括末端执行器击发控制系统,所述击发控制系统控制所述末端执行器进行闭合和打开以及对组织的切割和缝合,所述击发控制系统包括上述实施例1中所述的吻合器控制电路和击发部件,所述击发部件通过所述吻合器控制电路对末端执行器进行控制。 [0092] The present embodiment provides an electric stapler, the end effector comprising a firing control system, the control system controls the firing of the end effector for closing and opening as well as the cutting and stapling of tissue, the firing control system in the embodiment described above comprises a control circuit and a stapling firing member, the firing of the stapler by means of a control circuit for controlling the end effector.

[0093] 这里以腔镜吻合器为例,设置有腔镜吻合器控制电路控制击发部件,击发部件对所述末端执行器进行驱动控制,因设置有上述实施例1中的击发控制系统,即只用一个电机,完成腔镜吻合器的所有控制操作;相对现有的电动控制成本较低的同时功能更加完善更加智能;相对全电动智能腔镜吻合器,解决了高成本问题,并且功能完善;因为是一次性使用,减轻了患者的负担;并且电池在器械使用后的有限的时间内自动耗尽电量,并不会对环境造成污染,解决电池被弃之之后对环境造成污染的问题,且无需使用供电接口供电解决了要对供电接口进行复杂的消毒工作的问题,操作更加方便,安全可靠。 [0093] In endoscopic stapler here as an example, is provided with a control circuit controls the endoscopic stapler firing member, the firing drive member for controlling the end effector, by providing the above-described embodiment, the firing control system 1, i.e., All control operations with only one motor, complete endoscopic stapler; relatively low cost of a conventional electric control while function better more intelligent; intelligent all-electric relatively endoscopic stapler to solve the problem of high cost, and functional ; because it is a one-time use, reducing the burden on the patient; and automatic battery running out of power within a limited time after the use of the device, does not pollute the environment, the batteries are discarded after resolving problems caused by pollution of the environment, without the use of power interface, power supply problems to solve complex disinfection of power supply interface, more convenient, safe and reliable.

[0094] 以上实施例的先后顺序仅为便于描述,不代表实施例的优劣。 Sequence [0094] The above embodiments are merely convenience of description, the embodiments do not represent the merits embodiment.

[0095] 最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换; 而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0095] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the present invention has been described in detail embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: may still be made to the technical solutions described in each embodiment of the modified or part of the technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention and scope.

Claims (12)

  1. 1. 一种吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,包括:供电电源、第一放电元件、电源控制开关、 导通回路、控制驱动回路; 所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电; 所述电源控制开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口的连接,且所述电源控制开关控制所述第一放电元件对所述供电电源进行放电; 所述导通回路与所述第一放电元件并联; 所述控制驱动回路与所述导通回路并联; 所述控制驱动回路包括直流电机、第一继电器、第二继电器和开关电路,吻合器本体通过所述直流电机施加驱动力; 所述直流电机的一端与所述第一继电器的公共端连接,所述直流电机的另一端与所述第二继电器的公共端连接; 所述第一继电器的常开触点通过所述开关电路与电源正极连接,所述第一继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接;所述第二继电器的常开触点通过所述开 A stapling control circuit, characterized by comprising: a power supply, a first discharge element, the power control switch circuit is turned on, controls the driving circuit; a first discharging element for discharging said power supply; the said power control switch is connected to control the power supply circuit of the power supply input port and said first power control switch controls the discharge element discharges the power supply; the conducting path and the first discharge element parallel; controlling the drive circuit in parallel with the conducting path; controlling said drive circuit comprises a direct current motor, the first relay, second relay and a switching circuit, a stapler body by applying a driving force of the DC motor; said DC One end of the motor and the common terminal of said first relay is connected to the other end of the DC motor connected to the common terminal of the second relay; the first normally open relay contact through the switching circuit and the positive power supply connected to a first normally closed relay contact connected to the negative power supply; a second normally open relay contact through said opening 关电路与电源正极连接, 所述第二继电器的常闭触点与电源负极连接; 所述开关电路控制所述直流电机的正转、反转、正转刹车停止、反转刹车停止和旋转量。 Switch circuit connected to the positive power supply, the second relay is normally closed contact connected to the negative power source; a switching circuit for controlling the DC motor forward, reverse, forward brakes to stop, reverse rotation and rotation of the brakes to stop .
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述供电电源为可拆卸电源, 所述供电电源可拆卸的与所述电路供电输入端口连接。 The stapler according to claim 1, wherein the control circuit, wherein said power supply is detachable power supply of said power supply input port is connected detachably to the circuit.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述供电电源为多个电池所组成的电池组;所述电池组包括正极、负极和公共极; 所述第一放电元件包括第一子放电元件和第二子放电元件,所述第一子放电元件一端与电池组正极连通,所述第一子放电元件的另一端与电池组公共极连通;所述第二子放电元件的一端与电池组公共极连通,所述第二子放电元件的另一端与电池组负极连通。 The stapler according to claim 1, wherein the control circuit, wherein said power supply is a battery pack consisting of a plurality of cells; the battery pack includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a common electrode; the first discharge element comprising a first member and a second sub-discharging sub-discharge element, an end of the first sub-discharging member communicating with the positive electrode of the battery pack, the other end of the first sub-element of the common discharge electrode in communication with the battery pack; the second sub-discharge One end of the battery element and a common electrode group communication, the other end of the second sub-discharging battery negative electrode and device communication.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述电源控制开关包括第十四触点开关和第十三触点开关,所述第十四触点开关控制所述供电电源与电路供电输入端口的连接,并设于靠近所述第一子放电元件的一端;所述第十三触点开关控制所述第二子放电元件与电路供电输入端口的连接。 The stapler according to claim 3, wherein the control circuit, wherein the power control switch comprises a fourteenth switch and a contact switch contacts the thirteenth, the fourteenth switch contact for controlling the supply power supply is connected to the input port of the circuit, and is provided near an end of the first sub-discharge member; the thirteenth switch contacts to control the second sub-discharge port connected to the input element and the power supply circuit.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,还包括第一触点开关,且所述导通回路包括第一电阻和第一发光二极管;所述第一电阻与所述第一发光二极管串联后通过第一触点开关与所述第一放电元件并联。 5. A stapler as claimed in claim 4, wherein the control circuit further comprising a first switch contact and the first conductive circuit comprises a first resistor and a light emitting diode; a first resistor and the the first light emitting diodes connected in series after the first contact in parallel with the first switching element discharges through.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求5所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述开关电路包括第二选择开关、第三选择开关、第四选择开关、第五选择开关、第六选择开关和第七选择开关; 所述第二选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通,所述第二选择开关的两个静触点分别与所述第四选择开关的两个静触点连接,所述第四选择开关的动触点与所述第六选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第六选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第三选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第三选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第五选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第五选择开关的动触点与所述第二继电器线圈的一端连接;所述第三选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通;所述第六选择开关的动触点与所述第七选择开关的动触点连接,所述第七选择开关的一个静触点与所述第二继电器线圈的一端连接,所述第七 6. A stapler as claimed in claim 5, wherein the control circuit, wherein the switching circuit comprises a second selection switch, a third selection switch, a fourth selection switch, a fifth selection switch, the sixth switch and the seventh selection selection switch; movable contact of the second selection switch is in communication with the positive power supply, two stationary contacts of said second selection switches are connected to two stationary contacts of the fourth selection switch, the fourth selector switch movable contact and a stationary contact connected to said sixth selector switch, the sixth switch selecting another stationary contact connected to the third stationary contact a of the selection switch, the third another selector switch fixed contact of said fifth selector switch connected to a stationary contact, movable contact and the fifth selection switch end connected to the second relay coil; the third selection switch movable contact communication with the positive supply voltage; sixth movable contacts of the selector switch and the movable contact is connected to the seventh selection switch, a fixed contact of the second relay coil of the seventh selection switch connected with one end of the seventh 选择开关的另一个静触点与所述第一继电器线圈的一端连接;所述第一继电器线圈的另一端与所述电源负极连通, 所述第二继电器线圈的另一端与电源负极连通。 Selector switch fixed contact of the other end of the first relay coil is connected; other end of the relay coil with the first negative power supply communication, the other end of the second power source negative communication relay coil.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求6所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述开关电路还包括第八选择开关、第九选择开关、第十触点开关、第十一触点开关、第十二触点开关、第三继电器、第四继电器和第五继电器;所述第三继电器包括第一公共端、第二公共端、第一常闭触点和第二常闭触点; 所述第八选择开关的动触点与所述电源正极连通,所述第八选择开关的一个静触点与所述第三继电器的第一公共端连接,第三继电器的第一常闭触点与所述第四继电器的常闭触点连接,第三继电器的第二常闭触点与第五继电器的公共端连接,第三继电器的第二公共端与第九选择开关的一个静触点连接,所述第九选择开关的动触点与电源正极连通; 所述第十触点开关的一端与电源正极连通,所述第十触点开关的另一端与第三继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上; 所述第十 The stapler according to claim 6, wherein the control circuit, wherein the switching circuit further comprises an eighth selector switch, the ninth switch selection, the tenth switch contacts, contact switch eleventh, twelfth contact switch, the third relay, the fourth and fifth relays relay; said third relay comprises a first common terminal, a second common terminal, a first normally closed contact and the second normally closed contact; the eighth selector switch movable contact is connected to the positive power supply communication, a stationary contact of said eighth selector switch to the first common terminal of said third relay, the third relay normally closed contact and the first a fourth stationary contact connected to the normally closed contact of the relay, the third relay and the second normally closed contact of the fifth relay connected to a common terminal, the third terminal of the second common relay of the ninth selection switch is connected, the said movable contact and communication with the positive electrode of the ninth power source selection switch; end communicating with the positive electrode of the tenth power source contact switch, the other end of the coil in series with the tenth third relay contact switch connected to the supply negative ; said tenth 触点开关的一端与电源正极连通,所述第十一触点开关的另一端与第四继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上;所述第四继电器的公共端与所述第一继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上; 所述第十二触点开关与所述第五继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上;所述第五继电器的常闭触点与第一继电器的线圈串联后连接到电源负极上。 One end of the positive contact switch in communication with the power supply, the other end of the coil in series with a fourth switching contact of the eleventh relay are connected to the negative power supply; common terminal of the fourth relay and the first relay after the coil is serially connected to the negative power supply; coils in series after the twelfth switch and the fifth relay contact is connected to a power cathode; coils in series with the first normally-closed contact of the fifth relay relay after the power supply is connected to the negative electrode.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求7所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述开关电路还包括检测支路,所述检测支路与所述第三继电器的线圈并联,并对所述第三继电器的线圈的通电情况进行检测。 The stapler according to claim 7, wherein the control circuit, wherein the switching circuit further comprises a detection branch, the branch in parallel with the detection coil of the third relay and the third relay the case of the energization coil is detected.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求8所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述检测支路包括第二电阻和第二发光二极管,所述第二电阻和所述第二发光二极管串联。 9. A stapler as claimed in claim 8, said control circuit, characterized in that the detection branch comprises a second light emitting diode and a second resistor, said second resistor and said second light emitting diodes in series.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求8所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述开关电路还包括第三电阻和第三发光二极管,所述第四选择开关的动触点与所述第三电阻和所述第三发光二极管串联后连接到电源负极上。 10. A stapler according to claim 8, said control circuit, wherein the switching circuit further comprises a third resistor and a third light emitting diode, the fourth selection switch movable contact and the third resistor, and after the third light emitting diode is connected in series to the negative power supply.
  11. 11. 根据权利要求3至10中任意一项所述的吻合器控制电路,其特征在于,所述第一子放电元件为第四电阻,所述第二子放电元件为第五电阻; 所述第五电阻的阻值为100欧姆,所述第四电阻的阻值为100欧姆;所述第一继电器线圈的工作电流为I OmA,第一继电器的常闭触点和常开触点的工作电流为IA至5A。 According to claim 3 to 10 in any one of the stapling control circuit, characterized in that the first sub-discharging a fourth resistance element, the second sub-discharge to a fifth resistance element; the fifth resistor resistance of 100 ohms, the resistance of the fourth resistor is 100 ohms; operating current of the relay coil of the first I OmA, a first normally closed relay contacts and normally open contacts work current IA to 5A.
  12. 12. —种电动吻合器,包括末端执行器击发控制系统,所述击发控制系统控制所述末端执行器进行闭合和打开以及对组织的切割和缝合,其特征在于,所述击发控制系统包括权利要求1至11中任意一项所述的吻合器控制电路和击发部件,所述击发部件通过所述吻合器控制电路对末端执行器进行控制。 12. - Species electric stapler, the end effector comprising a firing control system, the control system controls the firing of the end effector closing and opening as well as for cutting and stapling tissue, wherein said control system includes a firing claim of claims 1 to 11 in any one of the control circuit and stapling firing member, the firing of the stapler by means of a control circuit for controlling the end effector.
CN 201610516006 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Control circuit and electric stapling stapler CN106037849B (en)

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CN106821437A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-13 北京派尔特医疗科技股份有限公司 Control circuit of anastomat and electric anastomat

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