CN106035156A - Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura - Google Patents

Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106035156A
CN106035156A CN201610388423.4A CN201610388423A CN106035156A CN 106035156 A CN106035156 A CN 106035156A CN 201610388423 A CN201610388423 A CN 201610388423A CN 106035156 A CN106035156 A CN 106035156A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
odontobutis obscura
rye grass
water
raised
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610388423.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾爱东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taicang Yafeng Farm Professional Cooperatives
Original Assignee
Taicang Yafeng Farm Professional Cooperatives
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taicang Yafeng Farm Professional Cooperatives filed Critical Taicang Yafeng Farm Professional Cooperatives
Priority to CN201610388423.4A priority Critical patent/CN106035156A/en
Publication of CN106035156A publication Critical patent/CN106035156A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of (1) tidying a pond; (2) sowing the ryegrass; (3) putting fries; (4) performing daily management; and (5) performing fishing. Through the adoption of the method disclosed by the invention, the planting of the ryegrass and the breeding of the odontobutis obscura are performed in the pond, so that the utilization rate of land resources is increased; and besides, the ryegrass can effectively increase the content of nutrients including organic matters, nitrogen, phosphorus and the like in water quality, and absorb heavy metal elements in the water, so that the improvement of the breeding environment of the odontobutis obscura is facilitated, and the yield and the quality of the odontobutis obscura are increased.

Description

A kind of method that rye grass and Odontobutis obscura are raised together with
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural technical field of aquaculture, a kind of method raised together with particularly to rye grass and Odontobutis obscura.
Background technology
Pond be aquatic animal life place, the quality of environmental condition directly influence aquatic animal survive and Growth.Science carries out breeding water body regulating and controlling water quality, is to improve the breed variety speed of growth, reaches to reduce disease, it is achieved high yield, excellent The key of matter purpose, and the improvement of substrate is the important component part of breeding water body regulating and controlling water quality undoubtedly.Pond is through one section The use of time, the organic particulate matter such as a part of residual bait and aquatic animal feces sinks under water and the organism remains of death are sent out After ferment decomposes, the thing such as husky with pond bed mud is mixed to form bed mud.Certain thickness bed mud can play fertilizer, fertilizer conservation and regulation and buffering The effect of pond water quality sudden change.But, bed mud is blocked up in addition to making the vivosphere of aquatic animal and diminishing, and also have accumulated and has in a large number Machine thing, consumes oxygen in a large number during decomposition, cause water body lower floor long term hypoxia, and ammonia nitrogen, methane, hydrogen sulfide isoconcentration are too high, water quality Deteriorate, acid increase, pathogenic bacteria amount reproduction.As can be seen here, bottom material of pond for breeding deteriorates is to cause aquatic animal poor growth, bait system Several litres height, anoxia floating head, fulminant disease, main cause that mortality rate is high.The ecological functions positive for giving full play to bed mud, suppression Its negative influence, it is necessary to periodically improving pond substrate.Disinfectant measure conventional in process of production divides physics, chemistry, biology side Method, physical method, mainly in the case of not draining water, absorbs too much mud with slush pump, and it is blocked up that this method is applied to mud Situation, also needs to after desilting the most chemically sterilize, the power consumption compared, consumption manpower.Chemical method mainly uses life Calx carries out the dry pool or the sterilization of the wet pool, this method be applied to mud normal time, sterilize after being exposed to the sun, there is after sterilization certain toxicity, To shift to an earlier date water inlet in 7 days before putting Seedling, seed is prelibation to be done test before putting in a suitable place to breed.Biological method is typically to use biological preparation, can not only Improve substrate and water quality, and can control pathogenic microorganism and disease thereof spread diffusion, but cost and operation require higher, as Really misoperation effect also can be inconspicuous.
Phytoremediation technology is that a kind of emerging green plants that utilizes adsorbs pollution in contaminated water quality, mud and deposit The method of thing, be grow up early 1990s a kind of economical and effective, environmental friendliness, be applicable to light to moderate pollution The bioremediation technology of water quality.
Use plant to improve the green method of pond culture benefit accordingly, it would be desirable to a kind of.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problem of above-mentioned existence, it is an object of the invention to provide the plantation side of a kind of booth Germinatus Phragmitis interplanting Fructus Capsici Method.Described method carries out the plantation of rye grass and the cultivation of Odontobutis obscura in pond, improves land resources utilization rate;And rye grass The content of the nutrients such as the organic matter in water quality, nitrogen, phosphorus, the heavy metal element in absorption water quality can be effectively improved, be conducive to carrying The breeding environment of high Odontobutis obscura, improves yield and the quality of Odontobutis obscura.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme is that
A kind of method that rye grass and Odontobutis obscura are raised together with, comprises the following steps:
(1) arrangement in pond: eliminating mud too much at the bottom of pond, water inlet 40-50cm bleaching powder in pond is sterilized, and changes water, pond Water depth is 100-120cm;
(2) rye grass sowing: select the ryegrass seed of full grains, sterilized, seed soaking, after accelerating germination, by rye (Secale cereale L.) grass seeds Son is sowed in the subsoil earth of pond, and every mu of sowing 1-1.5kg, depth of planting is 1.2-2cm;
(3) fry is thrown in: throw in Odontobutis obscura fry at the beginning of 6 months to pond, every mu of injected volume is 1000-1500 tail, selects The a length of 3-4.5cm of fry;
(4) daily management: water temperature controls between 15-22 DEG C, 2-3 feedstuff of throwing something and feeding in pond every day, feeding volume is The 0.3-2.5% of Odontobutis obscura gross weight;
(5) fish for: in Second Year first arrival in March mid-April, Odontobutis obscura is fished for, after Odontobutis obscura harvesting, drains pond Water, concentrates harvesting to the rye grass of residual at the bottom of pond, stays 2.5-4cm rye grass, carry out the cultivation of next year Odontobutis obscura after sterilization.
Separately, in described step (1), disinfecting time is 10-15 days.
Further, in described step (3) carry out disinfection ryegrass seed, concrete grammar is 40% carbendazim 300-500 times Immersion kind 24 hours.
Separately, the feedstuff in described step (4) be protein content be the feedstuff of 30-40%.
Meanwhile, described pond is provided with aerator and carries out oxygen supplement.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
Compared with prior art, present invention have an advantage that in pond, carry out the plantation of rye grass and supporting of Odontobutis obscura Grow, improve land resources utilization rate;And rye grass can be effectively improved the content of the nutrients such as the organic matter in water quality, nitrogen, phosphorus, inhale Heavy metal element in attached water matter, is conducive to improving the breeding environment of Odontobutis obscura, improves yield and the quality of Odontobutis obscura.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, the most detailed below in conjunction with embodiment Describe in detail bright.
Embodiments of the invention, concrete grammar comprises the following steps:
Embodiment 1
A kind of method that rye grass and Odontobutis obscura are raised together with, comprises the following steps:
(1) arrangement in pond: eliminating mud too much at the bottom of pond, water inlet 40cm bleaching powder in pond is sterilized, and changes water, and water is deep Degree is 100cm, is provided with aerator and carries out oxygen supplement;
(2) rye grass sowing: select the ryegrass seed of full grains, sterilized 10 days, 300 times of immersions of 40% carbendazim After kind 24 hours, accelerating germination, being sowed by ryegrass seed in the subsoil earth of pond, every mu of sowing 1kg, depth of planting is 1.2cm;
(3) fry is thrown in: throw in Odontobutis obscura fry at the beginning of 6 months to pond, every mu of injected volume is 1000 tails, selects fry length Degree is 3-4.5cm;
(4) daily management: water temperature controls at 22 DEG C, 2 protein contents of throwing something and feeding in pond every day are the feedstuff of 30%, throw Amount of feeding is for the 0.3% of Odontobutis obscura gross weight;
(5) fish for: in Second Year first arrival in March mid-April, Odontobutis obscura is fished for, after Odontobutis obscura harvesting, drains pond Water, concentrates harvesting to the rye grass of residual at the bottom of pond, stays 4cm rye grass, carry out the cultivation of next year Odontobutis obscura after sterilization.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method that rye grass and Odontobutis obscura are raised together with, comprises the following steps:
(1) arrangement in pond: eliminating mud too much at the bottom of pond, water inlet 45cm bleaching powder in pond is sterilized, and changes water, and water is deep Degree is 110cm, is provided with aerator and carries out oxygen supplement;
(2) rye grass sowing: select the ryegrass seed of full grains, sterilized 12 days, 400 times of immersions of 40% carbendazim After kind 24 hours, accelerating germination, being sowed by ryegrass seed in the subsoil earth of pond, every mu of sowing 1.3kg, depth of planting is 1.6cm;
(3) fry is thrown in: throw in Odontobutis obscura fry at the beginning of 6 months to pond, every mu of injected volume is 1200 tails, selects fry length Degree is 3-4.5cm;
(4) daily management: water temperature controls at 15 DEG C, 3 protein contents of throwing something and feeding in pond every day are the feedstuff of 35%, throw Amount of feeding is for the 2% of Odontobutis obscura gross weight;
(5) fish for: in Second Year first arrival in March mid-April, Odontobutis obscura is fished for, after Odontobutis obscura harvesting, drains pond Water, concentrates harvesting to the rye grass of residual at the bottom of pond, stays 2.5cm rye grass, carry out the cultivation of next year Odontobutis obscura after sterilization.
Embodiment 3
A kind of method that rye grass and Odontobutis obscura are raised together with, comprises the following steps:
(1) arrangement in pond: eliminating mud too much at the bottom of pond, water inlet 50cm bleaching powder in pond is sterilized, and changes water, and water is deep Degree is 120cm, is provided with aerator and carries out oxygen supplement;
(2) rye grass sowing: select the ryegrass seed of full grains, sterilized 15 days, 500 times of immersions of 40% carbendazim After kind 24 hours, accelerating germination, being sowed by ryegrass seed in the subsoil earth of pond, every mu of sowing 1.5kg, depth of planting is 2cm;
(3) fry is thrown in: throw in Odontobutis obscura fry at the beginning of 6 months to pond, every mu of injected volume is 1500 tails, selects fry length Degree is 3-4.5cm;
(4) daily management: water temperature controls at 20 DEG C, 3 protein contents of throwing something and feeding in pond every day are the feedstuff of 40%, throw Amount of feeding is for the 2.5% of Odontobutis obscura gross weight;
(5) fish for: in Second Year first arrival in March mid-April, Odontobutis obscura is fished for, after Odontobutis obscura harvesting, drains pond Water, concentrates harvesting to the rye grass of residual at the bottom of pond, stays 3cm rye grass, carry out the cultivation of next year Odontobutis obscura after sterilization.
Before and after in above-described embodiment 1-3, Odontobutis obscura culturing pool is planted by rye grass, the testing result of pond environment change is shown in Table 1。
Table 1
Comparative example is not carry out the plantation of rye grass, and other control measures keep consistent.
From the above data, it can be seen that described method can be effectively improved the content of the nutrients such as the organic matter in water quality, nitrogen, Heavy metal element in absorption water quality, is conducive to improving the breeding environment of Odontobutis obscura, improves yield and the quality of Odontobutis obscura.
It should be noted that above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted.Although with reference to relatively The present invention has been described in detail by good embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the technology of invention Scheme is modified or equivalent, and without deviating from the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should contain the power in the present invention In profit claimed range.

Claims (5)

1. the method that a rye grass is raised together with Odontobutis obscura, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) arrangement in pond: eliminating mud too much at the bottom of pond, water inlet 40-50cm bleaching powder in pond is sterilized, and changes water, and water is deep Degree is 100-120cm;
(2) rye grass sowing: select the ryegrass seed of full grains, sterilized, seed soaking, after accelerating germination, broadcasts ryegrass seed Being sprinkling upon in the subsoil earth of pond, every mu of sowing 1-1.5kg, depth of planting is 1.2-2cm;
(3) fry is thrown in: throw in Odontobutis obscura fry at the beginning of 6 months to pond, every mu of injected volume is 1000-1500 tail, selects fry A length of 3-4.5cm;
(4) daily management: water temperature controls between 15-22 DEG C, 2-3 feedstuff of throwing something and feeding in pond every day, feeding volume is the husky pool The 0.3-2.5% of murrel gross weight;
(5) fish for: in Second Year first arrival in March mid-April, Odontobutis obscura is fished for, after Odontobutis obscura harvesting, drains water, right At the bottom of pond, the rye grass of residual concentrates harvesting, stays 2.5-4cm rye grass, carries out the cultivation of next year Odontobutis obscura after sterilization.
The method that a kind of rye grass the most according to claim 1 is raised together with Odontobutis obscura, it is characterised in that described step (1) Middle disinfecting time is 10-15 days.
The method that a kind of rye grass the most according to claim 1 is raised together with Odontobutis obscura, it is characterised in that described step (3) In ryegrass seed is carried out disinfection, concrete grammar is 300-500 times of immersion kind of 40% carbendazim 24 hours.
The method that a kind of rye grass the most according to claim 1 is raised together with Odontobutis obscura, it is characterised in that described step (4) In feedstuff be protein content be the feedstuff of 30-40%.
The method that a kind of rye grass the most according to claim 1 is raised together with Odontobutis obscura, it is characterised in that set in described pond It is equipped with aerator and carries out oxygen supplement.
CN201610388423.4A 2016-06-02 2016-06-02 Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura Pending CN106035156A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610388423.4A CN106035156A (en) 2016-06-02 2016-06-02 Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610388423.4A CN106035156A (en) 2016-06-02 2016-06-02 Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106035156A true CN106035156A (en) 2016-10-26

Family

ID=57169477

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610388423.4A Pending CN106035156A (en) 2016-06-02 2016-06-02 Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106035156A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107232090A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-10-10 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of method for improving water quality stability in blue or green bamboo fish culture
CN107410104A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-01 安徽江鲜渔业有限公司 A kind of the Changjiang river fish method for breeding

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1223787A (en) * 1997-12-26 1999-07-28 李明忠 Pond culture and planting alternating method
CN101836606A (en) * 2010-04-22 2010-09-22 浙江海洋学院 Comprehensive breeding method for macrobrachium nipponensis
CN101897268A (en) * 2010-07-01 2010-12-01 余姚市水产技术推广中心 Culture method for improving pond sediment by planting ryegrasses and breeding fowls
KR20140090735A (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-18 전라남도 exhibition seagrass water tank with the device for circulating
CN104521654A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-04-22 上海海洋大学 Method for managing pool eutrophication by planting rice
CN104756911A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-07-08 江苏农牧科技职业学院 Ecological 3D breeding method of bitterling and odontobutis obscura

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1223787A (en) * 1997-12-26 1999-07-28 李明忠 Pond culture and planting alternating method
CN101836606A (en) * 2010-04-22 2010-09-22 浙江海洋学院 Comprehensive breeding method for macrobrachium nipponensis
CN101897268A (en) * 2010-07-01 2010-12-01 余姚市水产技术推广中心 Culture method for improving pond sediment by planting ryegrasses and breeding fowls
KR20140090735A (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-18 전라남도 exhibition seagrass water tank with the device for circulating
CN104521654A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-04-22 上海海洋大学 Method for managing pool eutrophication by planting rice
CN104756911A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-07-08 江苏农牧科技职业学院 Ecological 3D breeding method of bitterling and odontobutis obscura

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107232090A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-10-10 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of method for improving water quality stability in blue or green bamboo fish culture
CN107410104A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-01 安徽江鲜渔业有限公司 A kind of the Changjiang river fish method for breeding

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104488686B (en) Fish and vegetable co-existing system and use and control method thereof
CN104430079B (en) Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined
CN100361571C (en) Method for breeding crabs in paddy field utilizing ecology regulation and control
CN106900437B (en) Method for preventing and controlling farmland non-point source pollution by using rice and crab co-cropping
CN106316021A (en) Slit conditioner for agricultural ponds and preparing method thereof
CN102613143A (en) Technology for culturing leech at high yield in organic rice field
CN106889002A (en) A kind of box breeding consubstantiality ecologic breeding floating bed
CN101385445A (en) Green langouste breeding technique in paddy field
CN108633792B (en) Method for comprehensive planting and breeding of fishery-agriculture in saline-alkali soil
CN110073924A (en) A kind of method of mixed breed in rice field
CN206559930U (en) A kind of box breeding consubstantiality ecologic breeding floating bed
CN105706886A (en) Composite culturing device and method suitable for urban household
CN106035156A (en) Method for mixed culturing of ryegrass and odontobutis obscura
CN102657110A (en) Method for ecologically breeding river crabs
CN104798700A (en) Fry pond management method
CN105706965A (en) Method for cultivating fingerling of field fish
Rahmatullah et al. Suitable stocking density of tilapia in an aquaponic system
CN107231989B (en) Method for culturing fish in rice field by using biogas manure under rice and fish symbiotic mode
CN104719215A (en) Young-tor-brevifilis net cage ecological breeding method
CN104230002B (en) The method of aquaculture sustained release improvement water quality
CN110558167B (en) Ecological restoration method for heavy metal pollution of soil
CN109418094A (en) A kind of breeding method that rice shrimp makees altogether
Yadav et al. The role of free living nematode population in the organic matter recycling
CN110574649A (en) Ecological co-culture method for rice and shrimp
CN205320805U (en) Compound breeding device who is fit for city family

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20161026