CN106034985A - Method of drip irrigation under plastic film through employing ferulic acid plant protection agent, and application of method in hibiscus planting in saline and alkaline lands - Google Patents

Method of drip irrigation under plastic film through employing ferulic acid plant protection agent, and application of method in hibiscus planting in saline and alkaline lands Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106034985A
CN106034985A CN201610372170.1A CN201610372170A CN106034985A CN 106034985 A CN106034985 A CN 106034985A CN 201610372170 A CN201610372170 A CN 201610372170A CN 106034985 A CN106034985 A CN 106034985A
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Prior art keywords
parts
drip irrigation
under
protection agent
plant protection
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CN201610372170.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Sunway Garden Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610372170.1A priority Critical patent/CN106034985A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants

Abstract

The invention provides a method of drip irrigation under plastic film through employing a ferulic acid plant protection agent, and the method comprises the following steps: dropper setting; and mixing. In the step of mixing, the protection agent is mixed with water according to a certain proportion. The protection agent comprises the following components by weight: organic acid, nitrogen phosphorus and potassium compound fertilizer, medium element fertilizer, microelement fertilizer, aloe extractive, propiconazole, cocklebur fruit suspension liquid, ammonium molybdate, choline, forchior fennron, protein active enzyme, pimacol, chia seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide, and ferulic acid. The invention also provides an application of the method in hibiscus planting in saline and alkaline lands. The method is small in water consumption, enables plants to fully absorb the nutritional ingredients, is good in good for preventing common plant pests, improves the capability of plants for resisting common diseases, and greatly improves the nutritive value and ornamental value of the plants.

Description

A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent and plantation in salt-soda soil thereof The application of Hibiscus syriacus L.
Technical field
The invention belongs to drip irrigation under film field, be specifically related to a kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent And in salt-soda soil, plant the application of Hibiscus syriacus L..
Background technology
Water is Source of life, and the 70% of human body is water.The living necessities water of the mankind, our life and Economical service life Operating all be unable to do without this base substance of water.At present, global water resource is fewer and feweri, and the population also having more than 1,000,000,000 is used The water of not upper cleaning, the mankind have 3,100,000 people ill death because drinking impure water every year.Tellurian water 97.5% is salt water, nothing Method is drunk, and what the mankind really were able to utilization is a part for rivers, lake and subsoil water, only accounts for earth total Water 0.26%.Freshwater resources distributed pole is uneven in the world, and the freshwater resources of about 65% concentrate on less than 10 countries, and account for the world 80 countries and regions but serious water shortages of population 40%.Global shortage of water resources problem is increasingly sharpened;Therefore, 47 United Nations General Assembly determine that annual March 22 was World Water Day.The World Water Day of 2012, Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon refers to Go out: " cleaning drinking-water has become as scarce resource, and along with the arrival of climate change will become more rare ".
The available freshwater resources of the mankind can be divided into domestic water, water for industrial use and agricultural irrigation water by purposes, and agriculture Industry irrigation water proportion in mankind's water is very big, substantially in 70%(developed country) to 90%(developing country) between. But, irrigation application efficiency is the lowest, and the most only about 50%, the water yield about in irrigated area is both introduced by engineering measure Partly lost.Therefore, under conditions of water resource is the most in short supply, it is extremely urgent for popularizing and popularize water-saving irrigation technique in an all-round way , the most imperative.At present, drip irrigation under film is widely used in China, but existing drip irrigation under film effect Fruit is the most less desirable, such as:
1, existing under-film drip irrigation method water consumption is big, and water waste phenomenon is serious;
2, existing under-film drip irrigation method is wasted more when using plant protection agent, and plant is absorbance when absorbing the nutrition of plant protection agent Low;
3, existing under-film drip irrigation method is poor to plant common insect pests prevention effect;
4, use existing under-film drip irrigation method poor to plant Common Diseases resistivity;
5, use existing under-film drip irrigation method planting plants, be of low nutritive value;
6, the plant florescence using existing under-film drip irrigation method to plant is short, and ornamental value is low.
In summary, prior art there will naturally be inconvenience and defect in actual use, it is therefore necessary to improved.
Summary of the invention
For solving technical problem present in prior art, the present invention provides a kind of lower of film using ferulic acid plant protection agent Irrigation method and plant the application of Hibiscus syriacus L. in salt-soda soil, to realize following goal of the invention:
1, after the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention uses plant protection agent, the absorbance of Plant To Nutrient reaches 97.5%~99.5%;
2, use the plant of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation of the present invention, be greatly improved the nutritive value of plant.As a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., wood The rose of Sharon in spending coarse-fibred content be 2.1g/100g~2.8g/100g, in Flos Hibisci the content of reducing sugar be 3.5g/100g~ 3.9g/100g。
3, the under-film drip irrigation method water consumption of the present invention is few;
4, the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention is good to plant common insect pests prevention effect;
5, the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention, improves plant to Common Diseases resistivity;
6, use the plant of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation of the present invention, improve the ornamental value of plant.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is as follows:
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent, comprises the following steps: dropper is arranged;Mixing.
The following is and the further of technique scheme is improved:
In described blend step, plant protection agent is mixed according to the volume ratio of 1:650~750 with water;
Described plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer, Aloe extract, propiconazole, Fructus Xanthii suspension, Ammonium molybdate, choline, forchlorfenuron, protein active enzyme, Nafusaku, Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide, ferulic acid.
Described plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 1.5~2.5 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 60~66 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 3~5 parts, trace element fertilizer 0.8~2.4 Part, Aloe extract 2~4 parts, propiconazole 1~3 parts, Fructus Xanthii suspension 2~4 parts, ammonium molybdate 0.5~1.5 parts, choline 1~3 Part, forchlorfenuron 3~5 parts, protein active enzyme 2~4 parts, Nafusaku 0.5~1.5 parts, Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder 1~3 parts, ferrocyanide Potassium 2~4 parts, ferulic acid 1.5~2.5 parts.
Described plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 2 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 63 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 4 parts, trace element fertilizer 1.6 parts, Aloe extract 3 parts, third Ring azoles 2 parts, Fructus Xanthii suspension 3 parts, ammonium molybdate 1 part, 2 parts of choline, forchlorfenuron 4 parts, protein active enzyme 3 parts, Nafusaku 1 Part, 2 parts of Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide 3 parts, ferulic acid 2 parts.
Described organic acid be concentration be the propanoic acid of 90%;
Described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer includes: carbamide, ammonium phosphate, potassium nitrate;
Carbamide, ammonium phosphate, the ratio of weight and number of potassium nitrate are 2.5:1:2;
Wherein: in carbamide, the content of nitrogen element is 30%;In ammonium phosphate, the content of P elements is 18%;In potassium nitrate, potassium element contains Amount is 19%;
Described moderate-element fertilizer includes: calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate;
Calcium superphosphate, magnesium carbonate, the ratio of weight and number of sulfur are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in calcium superphosphate, the content of calcium constituent is 20%;In magnesium carbonate, the content of magnesium elements is 12%;Element sulphur in zinc sulfate Content be 15%;
Described trace element fertilizer includes: sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, copper sulphate pentahydrate;
Sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, the ratio of weight and number of copper sulphate pentahydrate are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in sodium molybdate, the content of molybdenum element is 36%;In sodium pentaborate, the content of boron element is 23%;Copper in copper sulphate pentahydrate The content of element is 28%;
Described Aloe extract includes: rheum emodin;The content of described rheum emodin is 97%;
The extracting method of described Aloe extract includes: filtration step, elution step, extraction step;
Reflux, extract, 4 times after soaking with 10 times amount 80% ethanol waters in described filtration step, filters after extracting 3h every time;
Upper macroporous adsorptive resins in described elution step, after washing desaccharide, with 82% ethanol water eluting;
Successively with the dichloromethane of 14 times amount, the ethyl acetate of 9 times amount, the n-butanol extraction of 4 times amount in described extraction step.
Described dropper is arranged:
Laying arm on earth's surface, arm is mounted parallel to the dropper that ground is arranged, adjacent branch interval is 120~140cm, with On one arm, adjacent dropper spacing is 50~70cm, and a bore is 20mm;Propping up thickness of pipe wall is 3mm;Dropper internal diameter is 16mm;Drip Thickness of pipe wall is 2mm.
Also include that covering with ground sheeting, described covering with ground sheeting comprise the following steps:
Selection thickness is 0.18mm, the mulch film of wide 80cm utilizes machinery that arm and dropper are carried out all standing overlay film laying, lays At mulch film limit earthing 3cm, earthing 3cm in the middle part of mulch film after completing.
Also include that under-film drip irrigation, described under-film drip irrigation comprise the following steps:
Condition: at pressure 110kPa, maximum moist diameter is to carry out drip irrigation under conditions of 150cm/ root dropper;
Drip irrigation first: the time is 3 hours, and the amount of dripping is 13 cubic metres/mu, oozes 80 ~ 100cm, ground moistening degree under soil moisture It is 60%;
Secondary drip irrigation: away from drip irrigation 18 first~carrying out secondary drip irrigation after 24 hours, the time is 3 hours, the amount of dripping is 15 cubic metres/ Mu, oozes 100~110cm under soil moisture, ground moistening degree is 70%;
Later stage drip irrigation: away from last time 20~25 days drip irrigation once, each drip irrigation time 2 h, the amount of dripping is 8 cubic metres/mu, soil Oozing 80~100cm under earth moisture, ground moistening degree is 60%;
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent plants the application of Hibiscus syriacus L. in salt-soda soil,
The Hibiscus syriacus L. selecting trunk height to be 120~150cm is planted, and plantation hole and dropper one_to_one corresponding, plantation hole is away from mulch film 5 ~10cm, the degree of depth in plantation hole is 22~25cm.
Compared with prior art, the invention have the benefit that
1, after the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention uses plant protection agent, the absorbance of Plant To Nutrient reaches 97.5%~99.5%.
2, use the plant of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation of the present invention, be greatly improved the nutritive value of plant.With Hibiscus syriacus L. it is Example, in Flos Hibisci, the content of protein is 2.0g/100g~3.0g/100g, and in Flos Hibisci, coarse-fibred content is 2.1g/100g ~2.8g/100g, in Flos Hibisci, the content of reducing sugar is 3.5g/100g~3.9g/100g, and in Flos Hibisci, amino acid whose content is 1.8g/100g~2.5g/100g.
3, the under-film drip irrigation method water consumption of the present invention is few, is the 9.0%~10.0% of common irrigation water capacity.
4, the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention is good to plant common insect pests prevention effect, as a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., common to Hibiscus syriacus L. Insect: red spider, aphid, psychid, noctuid, the prevention effect of Anoplophorae seu Aprionae respectively reach 88.5~95.5%, 90.1~94.6%, 90.7 ~95.0%, 89.7~94.8%, 90.2~94.3%.
5, the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention, improves plant to Common Diseases resistivity, as a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., makes Hibiscus syriacus L. Disease to common: anthrax, leaf blight, the disease-resistant rate of powdery mildew respectively reach 90.0~97.5%, 92.2~97.4%, 90.5 ~96.7%.
6, use the plant of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation of the present invention, improve the ornamental value of plant.As a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., Making the Flos Hibisci florescence is 200~230 days, hence it is evident that extends the Hibiscus syriacus L. florescence, improves the ornamental value of Hibiscus syriacus L..
Detailed description of the invention
Below by way of specific embodiment, the present invention is described, but the present invention is not merely defined in these embodiments.
Embodiment 1 one kinds uses the under-film drip irrigation method of ferulic acid plant protection agent
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent comprises the following steps:
Step 1, dropper is arranged:
Laying arm on earth's surface, arm is mounted parallel to the dropper that ground is arranged, adjacent branch interval is 120cm, same On pipe, adjacent dropper spacing is 50cm, and a bore is 20mm;Propping up thickness of pipe wall is 3mm;Dropper internal diameter is 16mm;Dropper wall thickness is 2mm。
Step 2, covering with ground sheeting:
Selection thickness is 0.18mm, the mulch film of wide 80cm utilizes machinery that arm and dropper are carried out all standing overlay film laying, lays At mulch film limit earthing 3cm, earthing 3cm in the middle part of mulch film after completing.
Step 3, mixing: plant protection agent is mixed according to the volume ratio of 1:750 with water;
Step 4, under-film drip irrigation:
Condition: at pressure 110kPa, maximum moist diameter is to carry out drip irrigation under conditions of 150cm/ root dropper;
Drip irrigation first: the time is 3 hours, and the amount of dripping is 13 cubic metres/mu, oozes 80 ~ 100cm, ground moistening degree under soil moisture It is 60%;
Secondary drip irrigation: away from drip irrigation 18 first~carrying out secondary drip irrigation after 24 hours, the time is 3 hours, the amount of dripping is 15 cubic metres/ Mu, oozes 100~110cm under soil moisture, ground moistening degree is 70%;
Later stage drip irrigation: away from last time 15~20 days drip irrigation once, each drip irrigation time 2 h, the amount of dripping is 8 cubic metres/mu, soil Oozing 80~100cm under earth moisture, ground moistening degree is 60%.
In described blend step, plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 1.5 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 60 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 3 parts, trace element fertilizer 0.8 part, Aloe extract 2 parts, Propiconazole 1 part, Fructus Xanthii suspension 2 parts, ammonium molybdate 0.5 part, 1 part of choline, forchlorfenuron 3 parts, protein active enzyme 2 parts, naphthalene second Acid 0.5 part of sodium, 1 part of Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide 2 parts, ferulic acid 1.5 parts;
Described organic acid be concentration be the propanoic acid of 90%;
Described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer includes: carbamide, ammonium phosphate, potassium nitrate;
Carbamide, ammonium phosphate, the ratio of weight and number of potassium nitrate are 2.5:1:2;
Wherein: in carbamide, the content of nitrogen element is 30%;In ammonium phosphate, the content of P elements is 18%;In potassium nitrate, potassium element contains Amount is 19%;
Described moderate-element fertilizer includes: calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate;
Calcium superphosphate, magnesium carbonate, the ratio of weight and number of sulfur are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in calcium superphosphate, the content of calcium constituent is 20%;In magnesium carbonate, the content of magnesium elements is 12%;Element sulphur in zinc sulfate Content be 15%;
Described trace element fertilizer includes: sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, copper sulphate pentahydrate;
Sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, the ratio of weight and number of copper sulphate pentahydrate are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in sodium molybdate, the content of molybdenum element is 36%;In sodium pentaborate, the content of boron element is 23%;Copper in copper sulphate pentahydrate The content of element is 28%;
Described Aloe extract includes: rheum emodin;The content of described rheum emodin is 97%;
The extracting method of described Aloe extract includes: filtration step, elution step, extraction step;
Reflux, extract, 4 times after soaking with 10 times amount 80% ethanol waters in described filtration step, filters after extracting 3h every time;
Upper macroporous adsorptive resins in described elution step, after washing desaccharide, with 82% ethanol water eluting;
Successively with the dichloromethane of 14 times amount, the ethyl acetate of 9 times amount, the n-butanol extraction of 4 times amount in described extraction step.
Embodiment 2 one kinds uses the under-film drip irrigation method of ferulic acid plant protection agent
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent comprises the following steps:
Step 1, dropper is arranged:
Laying arm on earth's surface, arm is mounted parallel to the dropper that ground is arranged, adjacent branch interval is 140cm, same On pipe, adjacent dropper spacing is 60cm, and a bore is 20mm;Propping up thickness of pipe wall is 3mm;Dropper internal diameter is 16mm;Dropper wall thickness is 2mm。
Step 2, covering with ground sheeting:
Selection thickness is 0.18mm, the mulch film of wide 80cm utilizes machinery that arm and dropper are carried out all standing overlay film laying, lays At mulch film limit earthing 3cm, earthing 3cm in the middle part of mulch film after completing.
Step 3, mixing: plant protection agent is mixed according to the volume ratio of 1:700 with water;
Step 4, under-film drip irrigation:
Condition: at pressure 110kPa, maximum moist diameter is to carry out drip irrigation under conditions of 150cm/ root dropper;
Drip irrigation first: the time is 3 hours, and the amount of dripping is 13 cubic metres/mu, oozes 80 ~ 100cm, ground moistening degree under soil moisture It is 60%;
Secondary drip irrigation: away from drip irrigation 18 first~carrying out secondary drip irrigation after 24 hours, the time is 3 hours, the amount of dripping is 15 cubic metres/ Mu, oozes 100~110cm under soil moisture, ground moistening degree is 70%;
Later stage drip irrigation: away from last time 20~25 days drip irrigation once, each drip irrigation time 2 h, the amount of dripping is 8 cubic metres/mu, soil Oozing 80~100cm under earth moisture, ground moistening degree is 60%.
In described blend step, plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 2 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 63 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 4 parts, trace element fertilizer 1.6 parts, Aloe extract 3 parts, third Ring azoles 2 parts, Fructus Xanthii suspension 3 parts, ammonium molybdate 1 part, 2 parts of choline, forchlorfenuron 4 parts, protein active enzyme 3 parts, Nafusaku 1 Part, 2 parts of Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide 3 parts, ferulic acid 2 parts;
Described organic acid be concentration be the propanoic acid of 90%;
Described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer includes: carbamide, ammonium phosphate, potassium nitrate;
Carbamide, ammonium phosphate, the ratio of weight and number of potassium nitrate are 2.5:1:2;
Wherein: in carbamide, the content of nitrogen element is 30%;In ammonium phosphate, the content of P elements is 18%;In potassium nitrate, potassium element contains Amount is 19%;
Described moderate-element fertilizer includes: calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate;
Calcium superphosphate, magnesium carbonate, the ratio of weight and number of sulfur are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in calcium superphosphate, the content of calcium constituent is 20%;In magnesium carbonate, the content of magnesium elements is 12%;Element sulphur in zinc sulfate Content be 15%;
Described trace element fertilizer includes: sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, copper sulphate pentahydrate;
Sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, the ratio of weight and number of copper sulphate pentahydrate are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in sodium molybdate, the content of molybdenum element is 36%;In sodium pentaborate, the content of boron element is 23%;Copper in copper sulphate pentahydrate The content of element is 28%;
Described Aloe extract includes: rheum emodin;The content of described rheum emodin is 97%;
The extracting method of described Aloe extract includes: filtration step, elution step, extraction step;
Reflux, extract, 4 times after soaking with 10 times amount 80% ethanol waters in described filtration step, filters after extracting 3h every time;
Upper macroporous adsorptive resins in described elution step, after washing desaccharide, with 82% ethanol water eluting;
Successively with the dichloromethane of 14 times amount, the ethyl acetate of 9 times amount, the n-butanol extraction of 4 times amount in described extraction step.
Embodiment 3 one kinds uses the under-film drip irrigation method of ferulic acid plant protection agent
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent comprises the following steps:
Step 1, dropper is arranged:
Laying arm on earth's surface, arm is mounted parallel to the dropper that ground is arranged, adjacent branch interval is 140cm, same On pipe, adjacent dropper spacing is 70cm, and a bore is 20mm;Propping up thickness of pipe wall is 3mm;Dropper internal diameter is 16mm;Dropper wall thickness is 2mm。
Step 2, covering with ground sheeting:
Selection thickness is 0.18mm, the mulch film of wide 80cm utilizes machinery that arm and dropper are carried out all standing overlay film laying, lays At mulch film limit earthing 3cm, earthing 3cm in the middle part of mulch film after completing.
Step 3, mixing: plant protection agent is mixed according to the volume ratio of 1:650 with water;
Step 4, under-film drip irrigation:
Condition: at pressure 110kPa, maximum moist diameter is to carry out drip irrigation under conditions of 150cm/ root dropper;
Drip irrigation first: the time is 3 hours, and the amount of dripping is 13 cubic metres/mu, oozes 80 ~ 100cm, ground moistening degree under soil moisture It is 60%;
Secondary drip irrigation: away from drip irrigation 18 first~carrying out secondary drip irrigation after 24 hours, the time is 3 hours, the amount of dripping is 15 cubic metres/ Mu, oozes 100~110cm under soil moisture, ground moistening degree is 70%;
Later stage drip irrigation: away from last time 25~30 days drip irrigation once, each drip irrigation time 2 h, the amount of dripping is 8 cubic metres/mu, soil Oozing 80~100cm under earth moisture, ground moistening degree is 60%.
In described blend step, plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 2.5 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 66 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 5 parts, trace element fertilizer 2.4 parts, Aloe extract 4 parts, Propiconazole 3 parts, Fructus Xanthii suspension 4 parts, ammonium molybdate 1.5 parts, 3 parts of choline, forchlorfenuron 5 parts, protein active enzyme 4 parts, naphthalene second Acid 1.5 parts of sodium, 3 parts of Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide 4 parts, ferulic acid 2.5 parts;
Described organic acid be concentration be the propanoic acid of 90%;
Described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer includes: carbamide, ammonium phosphate, potassium nitrate;
Carbamide, ammonium phosphate, the ratio of weight and number of potassium nitrate are 2.5:1:2;
Wherein: in carbamide, the content of nitrogen element is 30%;In ammonium phosphate, the content of P elements is 18%;In potassium nitrate, potassium element contains Amount is 19%;
Described moderate-element fertilizer includes: calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate;
Calcium superphosphate, magnesium carbonate, the ratio of weight and number of sulfur are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in calcium superphosphate, the content of calcium constituent is 20%;In magnesium carbonate, the content of magnesium elements is 12%;Element sulphur in zinc sulfate Content be 15%;
Described trace element fertilizer includes: sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, copper sulphate pentahydrate;
Sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, the ratio of weight and number of copper sulphate pentahydrate are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in sodium molybdate, the content of molybdenum element is 36%;In sodium pentaborate, the content of boron element is 23%;Copper in copper sulphate pentahydrate The content of element is 28%;
Described Aloe extract includes: rheum emodin;The content of described rheum emodin is 97%;
The extracting method of described Aloe extract includes: filtration step, elution step, extraction step;
Reflux, extract, 4 times after soaking with 10 times amount 80% ethanol waters in described filtration step, filters after extracting 3h every time;
Upper macroporous adsorptive resins in described elution step, after washing desaccharide, with 82% ethanol water eluting;
Successively with the dichloromethane of 14 times amount, the ethyl acetate of 9 times amount, the n-butanol extraction of 4 times amount in described extraction step.
Embodiment 4 one kinds uses the application that the under-film drip irrigation method of ferulic acid plant protection agent plants Hibiscus syriacus L. in salt-soda soil
(1) alkaline land improving
Using saline-alkali land soil conditioner, carry out alkaline land improving, after improvement, the indices in salt-soda soil is: 0~30cm soil layer Salinity is 0.27~0.30%, and soil pH is 6.6~6.8, and the ventilative hole of soil is 17.0~18.0%, soil moisture content It is 17.5~19.5%.
The mass ratio of each component of described saline-alkali land soil conditioner is:
13 parts of peat, 3 parts of flyash, magnesium hydrogen phosphate 2 parts, water-retaining agent 1 part, photosynthetic bacteria 2 parts, fermentation pig manure 5 parts, compound sodium nitrophenolate 1.5 parts, 3 parts of rice straw powder, microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts, hydroxyproline salt 1 part, grifolan 2.5 parts.
Described photosynthetic bacteria uses commercially available mode to obtain, and described photosynthetic bacteria living bacteria count is: 20,000,000,000/g.
(2) Hibiscus syriacus L. plantation
Planting season plants, according to the film of embodiment 1~3 early March, the Hibiscus syriacus L. selecting trunk height to be 120~150cm The tubing that lower drip irrigation method is laid digs plantation hole, plantation hole and dropper one_to_one corresponding, and plantation hole, away from mulch film 5~10cm, is planted The degree of depth planting hole is 22~25cm.
(3) drip irrigation
The under-film drip irrigation method of 1~3 carries out drip irrigation first when Hibiscus syriacus L. is planted according to embodiments of the present invention;After Hibiscus syriacus L. is planted Within 20-24 hour, carry out secondary drip irrigation;Later stage carries out later stage drip irrigation in terms of natural law.
(4) management
In autumn and winter, deadwood, the weak branch of disease pest, decline secateurs are gone;Hibiscus syriacus L. plant is carried out pruning, and pruning is preferably in the autumn Season is carried out after falling leaves.
(5) removal
When planting season is 24-36 month, trunk height is the Hibiscus syriacus L. removal of 300~350cm.
Percent in above-described embodiment, in addition to specified otherwise, for mass percent.
Result detects:
(1) the under-film drip irrigation method water consumption of the present invention is few, is the 9.0%~10.0% of common irrigation water capacity, and specific targets are shown in Table 1;
The under-film drip irrigation method of table 1 present invention irrigates the percentage ratio statistics with common irrigation water capacity
(2), after the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention uses plant protection agent, the absorbance of Plant To Nutrient reaches 97.5%~99.5%;
(3) under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention is good to plant common insect pests prevention effect, as a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., and evil common to Hibiscus syriacus L. Worm: red spider, aphid, psychid, noctuid, the prevention effect of Anoplophorae seu Aprionae respectively reach 88.5~95.5%, 90.1~94.6%, 90.7~ 95.0%, 89.7~94.8%, 90.2~94.3%, specific targets are shown in Table 2;
The under-film drip irrigation method of table 2 present invention prevention effect to Hibiscus syriacus L. common insect pests
(4) under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention, improves plant to Common Diseases resistivity, as a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., makes Hibiscus syriacus L. pair Common disease: anthrax, leaf blight, the disease-resistant rate of powdery mildew respectively reach 90.0~97.5%, 92.2~97.4%, 90.5~ 96.7%, specific targets are shown in Table 3;
After table 3 uses the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention, the disease-resistant rate of Common Diseases is added up by Hibiscus syriacus L.
(5) use the plant of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation of the present invention, be greatly improved the nutritive value of plant.As a example by Hibiscus syriacus L., In Flos Hibisci, the content of protein is 2.0g/100g~3.0g/100g, in Flos Hibisci coarse-fibred content be 2.1g/100g~ 2.8g/100g, in Flos Hibisci, the content of reducing sugar is 3.5g/100g~3.9g/100g, and in Flos Hibisci, amino acid whose content is 1.8g/100g~2.5g/100g, be specifically shown in Table 4;
Table 4 uses the under-film drip irrigation method plantation Hibiscus syriacus L. of the present invention, the content statistics of nutritional labeling
Comparison: use traditional irrigation method plantation Hibiscus syriacus L..
(6) use the plant of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation of the present invention, improve the ornamental value of plant.With Hibiscus syriacus L. it is Example, making the Flos Hibisci florescence is 200~230 days, hence it is evident that extends the Hibiscus syriacus L. florescence, improves the ornamental value of Hibiscus syriacus L., be specifically shown in Table 5;
Table 5 uses the florescence statistics of the under-film drip irrigation method plantation Hibiscus syriacus L. of the present invention
Comparison: use traditional irrigation method plantation Hibiscus syriacus L..
Other plant is also tested by the under-film drip irrigation method of the present invention, and test effect is good, a not string at this Go out.
Finally it is noted that the foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not limited to the present invention, Although being described in detail the present invention with reference to previous embodiment, for a person skilled in the art, it still may be used So that the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments to be modified, or wherein portion of techniques feature is carried out equivalent. All within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (10)

1. the under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent, it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps:
Dropper is arranged;Mixing.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
In described blend step, plant protection agent is mixed according to the volume ratio of 1:650~750 with water;
Described plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, moderate-element fertilizer, trace element fertilizer, Aloe extract, propiconazole, Fructus Xanthii suspension, Ammonium molybdate, choline, forchlorfenuron, protein active enzyme, Nafusaku, Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide, ferulic acid.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Described plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 1.5~2.5 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 60~66 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 3~5 parts, trace element fertilizer 0.8~2.4 Part, Aloe extract 2~4 parts, propiconazole 1~3 parts, Fructus Xanthii suspension 2~4 parts, ammonium molybdate 0.5~1.5 parts, choline 1~3 Part, forchlorfenuron 3~5 parts, protein active enzyme 2~4 parts, Nafusaku 0.5~1.5 parts, Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder 1~3 parts, ferrocyanide Potassium 2~4 parts, ferulic acid 1.5~2.5 parts.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Described plant protection agent includes the component of following weight portion:
Organic acid 2 parts, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 63 parts, moderate-element fertilizer 4 parts, trace element fertilizer 1.6 parts, Aloe extract 3 parts, third Ring azoles 2 parts, Fructus Xanthii suspension 3 parts, ammonium molybdate 1 part, 2 parts of choline, forchlorfenuron 4 parts, protein active enzyme 3 parts, Nafusaku 1 Part, 2 parts of Salvia Hispanica L. seed powder, potassium ferrocyanide 3 parts, ferulic acid 2 parts.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Described organic acid be concentration be the propanoic acid of 90%;
Described nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer includes: carbamide, ammonium phosphate, potassium nitrate;
Carbamide, ammonium phosphate, the ratio of weight and number of potassium nitrate are 2.5:1:2;
Wherein: in carbamide, the content of nitrogen element is 30%;In ammonium phosphate, the content of P elements is 18%;In potassium nitrate, potassium element contains Amount is 19%;
Described moderate-element fertilizer includes: calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate;
Calcium superphosphate, magnesium carbonate, the ratio of weight and number of sulfur are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in calcium superphosphate, the content of calcium constituent is 20%;In magnesium carbonate, the content of magnesium elements is 12%;Element sulphur in zinc sulfate Content be 15%;
Described trace element fertilizer includes: sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, copper sulphate pentahydrate;
Sodium molybdate, sodium pentaborate, the ratio of weight and number of copper sulphate pentahydrate are 1:1:1;
Wherein: in sodium molybdate, the content of molybdenum element is 36%;In sodium pentaborate, the content of boron element is 23%;Copper in copper sulphate pentahydrate The content of element is 28%;
Described Aloe extract includes: rheum emodin;The content of described rheum emodin is 97%.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The extracting method of described Aloe extract includes: filtration step, elution step, extraction step;
Reflux, extract, 4 times after soaking with 10 times amount 80% ethanol waters in described filtration step, filters after extracting 3h every time;
Upper macroporous adsorptive resins in described elution step, after washing desaccharide, with 82% ethanol water eluting;
Successively with the dichloromethane of 14 times amount, the ethyl acetate of 9 times amount, the n-butanol extraction of 4 times amount in described extraction step.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Described dropper is arranged:
Laying arm on earth's surface, arm is mounted parallel to the dropper that ground is arranged, adjacent branch interval is 120~140cm, with On one arm, adjacent dropper spacing is 50~70cm, and a bore is 20mm;Propping up thickness of pipe wall is 3mm;Dropper internal diameter is 16mm;Drip Thickness of pipe wall is 2mm.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Also include that covering with ground sheeting, described covering with ground sheeting comprise the following steps:
Selection thickness is 0.18mm, the mulch film of wide 80cm utilizes machinery that arm and dropper are carried out all standing overlay film laying, lays At mulch film limit earthing 3cm, earthing 3cm in the middle part of mulch film after completing.
A kind of under-film drip irrigation method using ferulic acid plant protection agent the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Also include that under-film drip irrigation, described under-film drip irrigation comprise the following steps:
Condition: at pressure 110kPa, maximum moist diameter is to carry out drip irrigation under conditions of 150cm/ root dropper;
Drip irrigation first: the time is 3 hours, and the amount of dripping is 13 cubic metres/mu, oozes 80 ~ 100cm, ground moistening degree under soil moisture It is 60%;
Secondary drip irrigation: away from drip irrigation 18 first~carrying out secondary drip irrigation after 24 hours, the time is 3 hours, the amount of dripping is 15 cubic metres/ Mu, oozes 100~110cm under soil moisture, ground moistening degree is 70%;
Later stage drip irrigation: away from last time 20~25 days drip irrigation once, each drip irrigation time 2 h, the amount of dripping is 8 cubic metres/mu, soil Oozing 80~100cm under earth moisture, ground moistening degree is 60%.
10. one kind uses the application that the under-film drip irrigation method of ferulic acid plant protection agent plants Hibiscus syriacus L. in salt-soda soil, it is characterised in that:
The Hibiscus syriacus L. selecting trunk height to be 120~150cm is planted, and plantation hole and dropper one_to_one corresponding, plantation hole is away from mulch film 5 ~10cm, the degree of depth in plantation hole is 22~25cm.
CN201610372170.1A 2016-05-31 2016-05-31 Method of drip irrigation under plastic film through employing ferulic acid plant protection agent, and application of method in hibiscus planting in saline and alkaline lands Withdrawn CN106034985A (en)

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CN1329818A (en) * 2001-07-17 2002-01-09 刘旭启 Film tube fr drip irrigation and ground film method using said film tube for cultivating crops
CN101698627A (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-04-28 北京理工大学 Multifunctional microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
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CN103828590A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-06-04 曾建 Method for planting elderberries in saline-alkali land
CN104003799A (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-08-27 河南农业大学 Nutritive drought resistant agent for crops
CN104186161A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 宁夏固农农牧业科技有限公司 Method for drip irrigation vegetable planting below dry slope land membrane
CN104737735A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 中国科学院植物研究所 Method for ecological afforestation of coastal saline-alkali areas and/or mud flat saline-alkali areas by means of original soil cultivation
CN105076371A (en) * 2014-05-22 2015-11-25 刘静兵 Aloe extract and application thereof
CN205124335U (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-04-06 张掖市农业科学研究院 Liquid manure unifies and drips irrigation device under membrane

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1329818A (en) * 2001-07-17 2002-01-09 刘旭启 Film tube fr drip irrigation and ground film method using said film tube for cultivating crops
CN101698627A (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-04-28 北京理工大学 Multifunctional microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102807416A (en) * 2011-06-01 2012-12-05 中国科学院化学研究所 All-nutritional compound type liquid fertilizer for being sprayed to plant leaf surfaces and preparation method thereof
CN104737735A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 中国科学院植物研究所 Method for ecological afforestation of coastal saline-alkali areas and/or mud flat saline-alkali areas by means of original soil cultivation
CN103828590A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-06-04 曾建 Method for planting elderberries in saline-alkali land
CN105076371A (en) * 2014-05-22 2015-11-25 刘静兵 Aloe extract and application thereof
CN104003799A (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-08-27 河南农业大学 Nutritive drought resistant agent for crops
CN104186161A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 宁夏固农农牧业科技有限公司 Method for drip irrigation vegetable planting below dry slope land membrane
CN205124335U (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-04-06 张掖市农业科学研究院 Liquid manure unifies and drips irrigation device under membrane

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