CN106034555A - Fresh corn harvester - Google Patents

Fresh corn harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106034555A
CN106034555A CN201510956276.1A CN201510956276A CN106034555A CN 106034555 A CN106034555 A CN 106034555A CN 201510956276 A CN201510956276 A CN 201510956276A CN 106034555 A CN106034555 A CN 106034555A
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China
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assembly
header
cutting
harvester
framework
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CN201510956276.1A
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马源
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马源
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Priority to CN201510956276.1A priority Critical patent/CN106034555A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/02Harvesting of standing crops of maize, i.e. kernel harvesting
    • A01D45/021Cornheaders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D47/00Headers for topping of plants, e.g. stalks with ears

Abstract

The invention provides a fresh corn harvester. The fresh corn harvester comprises a frame assembly, a header assembly, a transmission assembly, a granary assembly, a steering assembly and a driving assembly, wherein the header assembly, the transmission assembly, the steering assembly, the granary assemble and the driving assembly are connected to the frame assembly; and the header assembly and the granary assembly are arranged at two ends of the transmission assembly, and the steering assembly and the driving assembly provide power to drive the whole machine. Compared with the prior art, the fresh corn harvester provided by the invention realizes excellent functions of performing harvesting without corn ear damages, causing less pressure losses to farmlands, being efficient in harvesting in a row misaligning mode, and harvesting both stalks and ears, thereby realizing entire process mechanized nondestructive harvesting of fresh corns and filling up a big blank in the field of fresh corn harvesting.

Description

Fresh edible maize harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to automated agricultural machine equipment, specifically, relate to a kind of fresh edible maize harvester, especially full-automatic stem Fringe stalk harvesting type fresh edible maize harvester.
Background technology
Semen Maydis is divided into grain Semen Maydis, silagecorn, fresh edible maize three major types.Grain Semen Maydis is our modal common jade Rice, mainly gathers in the crops the fruit ear seed after wax ripeness (when moisture content is minimum), famine year can as grain, the good year can as feedstuff or Liquor-making raw material, straw is used as fuel, is also used for feed domestic animal after field or yellow storage;Silagecorn is mainly gathered in the crops late milk stage Whole strain crop, after fruit ear is pulverized together with stem stalk, storage is fermented, and uses as livestock feed;Fresh edible maize is then similar to Fruit, its fruit ear is in premilk stage (when moisture content is the highest) results, and predominantly human consumption, the straw after results is typically lost Abandon also field, or the standby ensilage as animal husbandry.
It is reported, China's grain Semen Maydis harvesting technology has tended to ripe, and its technical process is: use grain corn picker Carrying out harvesting (referred to as station stalk harvesting) under corn growth state, under the effect of snapping bar and harvesting plate, fruit ear handle is pulled off. Sickle is from root entering disintegrating mechanism chopping after straw cutting, after chopping, straw lands naturally.Then fruit ear is transported to field On, carry out peeling with peeling machine, threshing after dry in the sun.Present stage, the research of domestic and international corn picker has become with production Ripe, the harvesting of the Hesperian Semen Maydis such as the U.S., Germany, Ukraine, Russia (including seed and crushed stalk) are the most basic Achieve do mechanization operation.Various countries, according to area condition and the difference of tillage method, take corresponding harvesting mode respectively: In the U.S., Canada and every Western Europe country, owing to during harvesting, the moisture content of corn kernel is relatively low, typically at grain combine On change the outfit corn harvesting bench, use the harvesting mode of direct threshing directly to store up big and long-pending use grain combine (straight Corn kernel is cut in reception);And some are national in Russia, Ukraine and Eastern Europe, owing to Semen Maydis is high at harvest time grain water content, Being not suitable for direct threshing, therefore use special corn combine harvesting corn fruit ear, wide variety of is special corn Harvesting machinery (harvesting corn fruit ear), can carry out harvesting, fruit ear peeling and stalk disintegrating integration of operation, it is achieved stalk-spike-reaping. The harvesting mode of China is mainly gathered in based on whole fringe, and the type of direct harvesting corn seed is less, grain corn picker master Want that type is divided into single file formula, backpack, towed, multirow is self-propelled, stalk-spike-reaping formula and not parallel type, especially with backpack Mode is main.
It will be further appreciated that, for relative grain Semen Maydis harvesting technology, the fresh edible maize mechanical harvesting of China only gropes rank Section, still has a large amount of technological gap, and under the background that Re-search on Urbanization degree is deepened, government encourages Farmer Labors in City to work, stay-at-home The size of population reduces year by year, and population ages of being engaged in agriculture raises year by year, and cost of labor is more and more higher, for reducing cost, respectively eats jade raw The rice place of production tends to Mechanization Development.But due to the limitation of prior art, fresh edible maize harvesting technology is in the development of China Encounter following problem:
One, adopt the harvesting of grain Semen Maydis and send out method fruit ear damage ratio height
The cardinal principle of grain Semen Maydis harvesting is that Semen Maydis utilizes after wax ripeness and breaks fruit ear handle under the effect of snapping bar and harvesting plate, Need dependence to hale roller separation fruit ear and stem stalk, but owing to fresh edible maize is to gather in the crops in milk stage, water content is the highest, grain Food Semen Maydis harvesting drop-down roller is haled harvesting mode easily damage and stem stalk contact fruit ear bottom seed, fruit ear damage ratio Too high, therefore peasant household is relatively low to the acceptance level of above-mentioned corn picker, grain corn picker is completely unsuitable for fresh edible maize Harvesting.
Two, the planting environment in the China fresh edible maize place of production is not suitable for by external machinery
United States Patent (USP) US2014/0059994 A1 discloses a kind of fresh edible maize harvester, and this fresh edible maize harvester is to aim at U.S. The concentration large area dry farming in flakes of state locality is ploughed and is designed, and is only limitted to row harvesting, nearly ten tons of weights of complete machine, fuselage nearly ten Rice is long, and this type of fresh edible maize harvester is mainly manufactured by Oxbo company of the U.S., and cost intensive, price reaches more than 200 ten thousand yuan of people Coin, for the common plantation family of China, cost is high cannot bear, and is only limitted to the ultra-large type of medium green group at present in China Fresh edible maize planting base uses.
And the most domestic the most also do not have molding fresh edible maize harvester to sell, due to China's fresh edible maize producing region the most such as Under several planting environments: do not play little area level land or the hillside fields of furrow, and the paddy field of the band furrow of moist soft easy depression. These fields are the highest to the requirement of corn picker device, it usually needs cross ditch ridge, climb and carry out not to row harvesting, and Only external fresh edible maize harvesting apparatus not only can not meet the demand do not gathered in row, and its harvesting approach has easily Falling into car, radius of turn is big, and harvesting efficiency is low, and grounding pressure is big, easily collapses soil reclamation dell hydrops and destroys farmland moisture condition, Cause many defects such as crop failure.
Three, do not possesses stalk-spike-reaping function
Disclose according to China Statistical Yearbook in 2014, the Two Mainstays industry produced as Chinese agriculture, by the end of the year 2013, in The total cultivated area of crops of state is up to 164626.9 thousand hectares, and wherein maize sown area is 36318.4 thousand hectares;China Livestock rearing number is up to 11853.2 ten thousand, and wherein herding cattle breeding number is 10385.1 ten thousand.Semen Maydis is as a kind of main Industrial crops, relate to the field such as new forms of energy, chemical industry, have indispensable status, and also often enter for raw material with Semen Maydis The raising of row herding cattle.Such as: niblet can be used as food process raw material, animal feeding-stuff and industrial processes raw material, and beautiful Rice straw can be as fertilizer also field or the high energy feed of domestic animal particularly cattle, and more valuable, corn straw can generation For part corn kernel pasture, it is substantially reduced feeding cost.But only fresh edible maize harvester does not possesses Stalk-spike-reaping function, machine can only accomplish to cut off corn straw, after fringe separates with stem stalk whole strain straw directly throw aside in Field, the straw so abandoned causes rolling of machine most probably, not only needs manually to pick up, and reclaims difficulty, after recovery also Artificial field is needed to carry, bundling, entrucking, also to carry out follow-up grinding and processing process again, extremely inconvenient, and also time-consuming Longer, make straw moisture drain evaporation during this complexity of harvesting, cause yield and economic loss, it is impossible to realize Machinery replaces artificial high efficiency to complete to gather in the superiority of overall process, and marketing prospect is poor.
Four, mechanization degree is low
Owing to the selenium of fresh edible maize is higher than 8~10 times of conventional corn, in seed, oil, protein, lysine are above common jade Rice, and containing abundant vitamin, and be to gather in when the highest i.e. quality of water content is the highest, so per mu yield is high, economical Benefit is far above common grain Semen Maydis, and the fresh edible maize plantation of China presents the trend ramped.
Current China progressively develops the big fresh edible maize in formation north and south two and produces district, and one is northern fresh edible maize district, including northeast, The areas such as Inner Mongol;Two is fresh edible maize district, south, and the area such as including Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, middle part also has Suitable planting scale.But owing to cost of labor is high, efficiency is low, constrains the expansion of cultivated area, in this year, 350,000 mu, Compounds in Dongfang City of Hainan Province, the township sweet corn of sweet corn occurs due to the plantation of blindness extensive magnitude, not only mechanical but also nothing abundance Manpower results, cause results time Quality Down, cost increase and cause the most unsalable the most rotten nobody shows any interest in the ground new Hear.
Therefore, if there being mechanized harvest, then can expand cultivated area, harvesting cost be greatly reduced, improve working performance, Gather in transhipment in time, not only solve manpower, unsalable problem, and be added significantly to the income at fresh edible maize plantation family, with Time be that the high-volume export processing of China's high-quality fresh edible maize provides strong support and guarantee.
Summary technical problem understands, and the fresh edible maize mechanized harvest technical elements of China is not the most also started to walk, it has also become The serious bottleneck restricting fresh edible maize industry development;Especially at current multiple cropping pattern and in the case of depositing, fresh edible maize Stalk-spike-reaping, not exploitation to the row technology such as harvesting, fruit ear not damaged results, fruit ear remove impurity have special realistic meaning, Break through fresh edible maize harvesting machineryization for this and become the task of top priority.
Summary of the invention
The problems referred to above existed for prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide the field entire mechanization harvesting of fresh edible maize, To realize field the most not to row harvesting, the lossless results of fruit, straw automatic crushing send storage, thus possesses splendid economic effect Benefit, environmental benefit and social benefit, therefore its application prospect is the most wide.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as described in following detailed description:
Fresh edible maize harvester, this fresh edible maize harvester include frame assembly, ceding of Taiwan assembly, transmit assembly, silo assembly, Drive assembly and drive assembly.Wherein ceding of Taiwan assembly, transmission assembly, driving assembly, silo assembly and drive assembly are connected to On frame assembly;Ceding of Taiwan assembly and silo assembly are located at the two ends transmitting assembly, drive assembly and drive assembly provides power to drive Dynamic complete machine.
Preferably, frame assembly uses double bar track structure, and it is big that track structure has contact area than wheeled construction, Less than pressure, thus have and be difficult to depression, it is difficult to damage by pressure the feature in farmland;And the characteristic of track structure one side brake is permissible Less radius of turn is provided, improves the work efficiency of machine.
It is highly preferred that frame assembly is by the direction of machine travel, rear drive sprocket connecting drive assembly by spline provides to crawler belt Walking power.It should be noted that for improving by performance, frame assembly is positioned at the element lowest part in the middle of two crawler belts, Contact to earth the 350mm of bottom surface higher than crawler belt.
Preferably, frame assembly is steel structure support, is welded and fixed integral vehicle frame, as the carrier integrating other assemblies.
Preferably, for realizing the function of stalk-spike-reaping, ceding of Taiwan assembly is made up of upper header, lower cutting table, is respectively used to process fresh The fruit ear of food Semen Maydis and stem stalk.
It is highly preferred that upper header includes stem stalk clamping device, upper header framework, the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear, and upper header is high Degree governor motion composition;Wherein upper header framework as upper header carrier hinge on frame assembly, cane clamping device and fruit The lossless separating mechanism of fringe is both connected on upper header framework, and stem stalk clamping device is articulated with the lower section of upper header framework and is positioned at fruit The top of the lossless separating mechanism of fringe, correspondingly, the lower end being articulated with upper header framework of the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear and be positioned at stem The underface of stalk clamping device, the two ends of upper header height adjustment mechanism connecting vehicle frame assembly and upper header framework respectively.
As one preferably embodiment, the rear end of upper header framework is hinged on frame assembly.
As one preferably embodiment, upper header height adjustment mechanism is then made up of a pair hydraulic mandril, and two ends are cut with scissors respectively It is connected on frame assembly and upper header framework, through length change upper header framework and the angle of frame assembly of regulation hydraulic mandril Spend thus reach to regulate the purpose of whole upper header front height, meet Semen Maydis harvesting adapting to differing heights with this..
As one preferably embodiment, stem stalk clamping device is mainly protected relatively by the wide face of two parallel rubber V-belts Hold compression laminating, thus the top clamping corn stem carries;The belt wheel offer power of V-type band rear end, and V-type band The a series of belt wheel side by side in front end then keeps the compression to two parallel rubber V-belts to fit.Wherein with upper header framework 213 Plane be kept at an angle, this angle is not more than 70 degree and not less than 20 degree.
As one preferably embodiment, the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear and is revolved in harvester direction of advance relatively by pair of parallel The long roller turned completes, the hydraulic motor of end provide rotary power;Additionally, be positioned at the long roller on the right side of harvester direction of advance For rotating counterclockwise, it is positioned at the long roller on the left of harvester direction of advance for turning clockwise.Therefore, press from both sides when stem stalk clamping device Hold the corn stem with fruit ear by this to the gap of long roller time, this can make the fruit ear of central collision to the rotary motion of long roller Impact force is constantly shed, simultaneously because the parallel clearance between long roller is less than by this along the normal direction with roller Cylindrical Surfaces Contact Fruit ear diameter and more than stem stalk diameter, cause stem stalk can by and stop fruit ear to pass through, so that stem stalk and fruit ear are nondestructively Separate.
It is highly preferred that lower cutting table is by stubble cutting machine structure, lower cutting table framework, stalk disintegrating mechanism and lower cutting table height adjustment mechanism structure Becoming, wherein lower cutting table framework is as lower cutting table carrier hinge on frame assembly, and stalk disintegrating mechanism is connected to lower cutting table framework On.
As one preferably embodiment, stalk disintegrating mechanism is then connected in the top, stage casing of lower cutting table framework by bolt fastening Position.
As one preferably embodiment, stubble cutting machine structure, for whole strain Semen Maydis is cut off ground, is then carried out stem by upper header The lossless separation of fringe, then the stem stalk after fruit ear will be separated by lower cutting table and carry out pulverization process.Refer to wheat harvester cuts stubble Mechanism uses linear reciprocating cutting.Wherein, the fastening of stubble cutting machine structure bolt is connected in the bottom position of lower cutting table frame front end.
As one preferably embodiment, lower cutting table height adjustment mechanism is then made up of a pair hydraulic mandril, every hydraulic top One end of bar is hinged on frame assembly, and the other end is hinged on lower cutting table framework, thus realizes the liftoff height of lower cutting table front end Spend adjustable, obtain the adaptability (note: have furrow plantation plot or plantation plot, level land) in different corn planting plot with this, and And improve harvester entirely through performance.
As one preferably embodiment, stalk disintegrating mechanism is rigidly fixed on lower cutting table framework by bolt, is integrally located at The position rearward, lower section of the lossless separating mechanism of upper header fruit ear.
As one preferably embodiment, stalk disintegrating mechanism by dialling standing grain unit, drop-down to roller unit and rotary head structure Become;Dial standing grain unit and be hinged on the drop-down front end to roller unit;The drop-down rear end that roller unit is hinged on group standing grain unit and swivel knife The upper end of dish;Rotary head is hinged on the drop-down underface to roller unit;Stem stalk after separating fruit ear is by upper header fruit ear After lossless separating mechanism, the standing grain unit of dialling of stalk disintegrating mechanism front end catches the bottom of stem stalk, the opposite direction advanced to harvester Dialling in, now stem stalk top not yet departs from stem stalk clamping device.When stem stalk top eventually disengages from the stem stalk clamping device of upper header After, also have disengaged from dialling standing grain unit bottom stem stalk now and run in the drop-down parallel clamping gap to roller unit, right to roller To rotation make flight thereon by stem stalk bottom gradually push the drop-down section haling rib being welded on roller cylinder, from And the rotary head being disposed below is sent in the overall stem stalk clamping that top constantly has been detached from the stem stalk clamping device of upper header Carry out comminution process.
It is another object of the present invention to the harvesting efficiency in order to improve fresh edible maize, ceding of Taiwan assembly achieves not to row harvesting Function;Be equipped with carding mechanism in the front end of upper header Yu lower cutting table, this carding mechanism be respectively provided at the upper and lower ceding of Taiwan before End, for making the multi-strain maize cutting off ground obtain effective combing sequence simultaneously, enters the harvester of ceding of Taiwan assembly seriatim In structure, upper header carding mechanism is made up of rice-pulling chain group, point straw, both sides comb unit and central authorities' comb unit, wherein dials Standing grain chain group is hinged on upper header framework lower section foremost, and point straw is then respectively welded at the both sides of the forefront of upper header framework And middle, both sides comb unit is weldingly fixed on upper header framework upper end and the front end of rice-pulling chain group, and central authorities' comb unit is hinged Medium position foremost at upper header framework.
And lower cutting table carding mechanism is identical with the carding mechanism of upper header, therefore not to repeat here, it should be noted that lower cutting table comb Reason mechanism is connected and fixed in lower cutting table front end, and during operation, rice-pulling chain group keeps Tong Bu with the speed of ratchet and upper header, combing Being the end portion of cane, stem stalk lower end is departing from after carding mechanism in free state, and stem stalk upper end now departs from comb By clamped by the clamping device of upper header after reason mechanism.
Preferably, transmit assembly and be made up of fruit ear connecting gear and pulverizing stem stalk connecting gear the most respectively, be respectively used to transmit fruit Fringe and stem stalk are in corresponding silo.
It is highly preferred that for avoiding driving assembly and the interference of ceding of Taiwan assembly part mechanism, fruit ear connecting gear is by level Four transmission On band composition, difference bolt fastening connection lower cutting table and vehicle frame are total, it are used for the fruit ear by the separation of ceding of Taiwan assembly falls and are sent to It is positioned in the spike collecting storehouse on the right side of harvester rear end and harvester direction of advance.
It is highly preferred that pulverize stem stalk connecting gear to include fan and air duct, fan pulverizing stem stalk is blowed to being positioned at Harvester rear end, in the pulverizing stem stalk collecting bin on the left of harvester direction of advance, for avoiding driving assembly and ceding of Taiwan assembly portion The interference of sub-agencies, the air duct part of fan uses the mode that segmentation tilts upward.As one preferably embodiment, Pulverize stem stalk connecting gear and be positioned at the lower section of stalk disintegrating mechanism in lower cutting table, drive the assembly left side along direction of advance, stem stalk The front end of collecting bin, and the fastening of overall bolt is connected on frame assembly.
Preferably, silo assembly is made up of spike collecting storehouse and pulverizing stem stalk collecting bin;It is preferred that along harvester direction of advance The most placed side by side, spike collecting storehouse and pulverizing stem stalk collecting bin are articulated with on frame assembly, and respective hinged hydraulic mandril machine Structure is to control unloading angle.
Preferably, frame is sailed assembly and is bolted bottom fastening surrounding on frame assembly, general corn picker drive Room is constituted, and as manipulation center, for ease of observing the working condition of each assembly, driver's cabin surrounding is clear glass, position It is in the rear of ceding of Taiwan assembly, transmits the centre of assembly, the front of silo assembly.It is preferred that the operation being sitting in driver's cabin The horizontal line sight line of person is higher than the situation being easy to observe traveling front of sentencing to the maximum of ceding of Taiwan assembly, and both sides, top, driver's cabin front Devise the rearview mirror of long-armed suspention, in order to the situation at rear when observing reversing, to ensure safety traffic.Drive assembly Highest point is highest point overall when harvester travels, and not higher than 3500mm, to ensure that vehicle travels in the field of live wire Or the car load of road passing by bridge culvert when transhipment passes through performance.
Preferably, drive assembly is made up of Mechanical Driven part and hydraulic-driven part, the mechanical movement of the most each mechanism Power and operating mechanism are provided.
Compared with prior art, the fresh edible maize harvester of the present invention achieves the harvesting of corn ear not damaged, less crushing agriculture Field, the most not to row harvesting, and the excellent function of stalk-spike-reaping, it is achieved that the lossless harvesting of fresh edible maize entire mechanization, Fill up a big blank in fresh edible maize harvesting field.
Accompanying drawing explanation
A kind of preferred implementation schematic diagram of the fresh edible maize harvester that Fig. 1 provides for the present invention;
The harvesting assembly axonometric chart that Fig. 2 provides for the present invention;
One preferred embodiment fundamental diagram of the upper header that Fig. 3 provides for the present invention;
Another preferred embodiment fundamental diagram of the lower cutting table that Fig. 4 provides for the present invention;
The Semen Maydis branch that Fig. 5 provides for the present invention clamps and the fundamental diagram of the lossless harvesting of fruit ear;
A kind of better embodiment schematic diagram of the stalk disintegrating mechanism that Fig. 6 provides for the present invention;
Fig. 7 pulls over for the stem stalk that the present invention provides and pulverizes the fundamental diagram of harvesting;
The fundamental diagram of the fruit ear connecting gear that Fig. 8 provides for the present invention;
The fundamental diagram pulverizing stem stalk connecting gear that Fig. 9 provides for the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is made the most in detail below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, intactly illustrates.
A kind of preferred implementation schematic diagram of the fresh edible maize harvester that Fig. 1 provides for the present invention, as it is shown in figure 1, this is fresh Food corn picker includes frame assembly 1, ceding of Taiwan assembly 2, transmits assembly 3, silo assembly 4, driving assembly 5 and drive Assembly 6.Before wherein ceding of Taiwan assembly 2, transmission assembly 3, driving assembly 5, silo assembly 4 and drive assembly 6 press machine Enter direction to be connected in turn on frame assembly 1;Ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 and silo assembly 4 are located at two ends before and after transmission assembly 3, Drive assembly 5 and drive assembly 6 provides power drive complete machine to make mechanical movement.
Frame assembly 1 in the present embodiment, preferably by double bar track structures, track structure has than wheeled construction Contact area is big, less than pressure, thus has and be difficult to depression, is difficult to damage by pressure the feature in farmland;And the monolateral system of track structure Dynamic characteristic can provide less radius of turn, improves the work efficiency of machine.Frame assembly 1 presses the direction of machine travel, Connected the drive assembly 6 crawler belt to both sides by rear drive sprocket by spline (not shown) and walking power is provided;Need Bright, for improving by performance, frame assembly 1 is positioned at the element lowest part in the middle of two crawler belts, contacts to earth at the end higher than crawler belt The 350mm in face.
Frame assembly 1 in the present embodiment is then steel structure support, is welded and fixed integral, on frame assembly 1, makees For integrating the carrier of other assemblies.
The structure of the ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 in the present embodiment as in figure 2 it is shown, be the function realizing stalk-spike-reaping, ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 by Upper header 21 forms with lower cutting table 22, is respectively used to process fruit ear and the stem stalk of fresh edible maize.Preferably implement as one Mode, is first cut off ground by the stubble cutting machine structure 221 in lower cutting table 22 front by whole strain Semen Maydis, is then carried out stem by upper header 21 The lossless separation of fringe, then the stem stalk after fruit ear will be separated by lower cutting table 22 and carry out pulverization process.
In order to improve the harvesting efficiency of fresh edible maize, inventor achieves the function do not gathered in row on ceding of Taiwan assembly 2.Make For one preferably embodiment, the stubble cutting machine structure 221 in the present embodiment uses straight line with reference to the stubble cutting machine structure of wheat harvester Reciprocating cutting.After stubble cutting machine structure 221 will not cut off ground to the Semen Maydis gone, in order to avoid congested, inventor exists respectively Upper header 21 all devises carding mechanism (211,222) with the front end of lower cutting table 22, so that the many strains cutting off ground are beautiful simultaneously Rice obtains effective combing sequence, enters in the harvest mechanism of ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 seriatim, the wherein carding mechanism of upper header 21 211 operation principles as it is shown on figure 3, carding mechanism 222 operation principle of lower cutting table 22 the most as shown in Figure 4.
Wherein the carding mechanism 211 of upper header is by rice-pulling chain assembly 2111, point straw unit 2112, both sides combing assembly 2113, Middle combing assembly 2114 is constituted, as shown in Figure 3;Wherein rice-pulling chain assembly 2111 totally two groups, are respectively hinged at upper header The both sides of framework 211 front end, are made up of one group of sprocket wheel and band moving tooth chain, the V band of stem stalk clamping device 212 provide dynamic Power, its role is to be gathered the corn stem upper end of both sides to centre by the rice-pulling tooth on chain;And therein point of straw Unit 2112 is then respectively welded and is fixed on the both sides, front end of upper header framework 213 and middle position, is made up of round bar, its Feature is paracone and the widest, and its effect is that along gradually cross direction, the corn stem of contact is imported carding mechanism;And it is therein Both sides combing assembly 2113 then by straw separating plate, ratchet, connecting rod forms, totally four groups, two groups a pair, welded by connecting rod Being fixed on upper header framework 213 front end, position is distributed on rice-pulling chain assembly 2111 dead ahead, both sides combing assembly 2113 Effect is to be imported in ratchet along the gradually cross direction of straw separating plate by the corn stem in the zone of action, and ratchet pushes away due to corn stem Dynamic passive rotation combing one by one, be then fed in the operation area of rice-pulling chain assembly 2111;And centre combing assembly 2114 Then it is made up of a pair ratchet, is respectively welded at the lower section of the middle V belt wheel of stem stalk clamping device 212, belt wheel provides power, Its effect be by the combing one by one of the corn stem of the zone of action and send into stem stalk clamping device 212 clamping belt in.
Wherein the carding mechanism 222 of lower cutting table is then by rice-pulling chain assembly 2221, both sides straw separating plate 2222, both sides combing assembly 2223, middle combing assembly 2224, middle straw separating plate 2225 is constituted, as shown in Figure 4, its theory of constitution and upper header combing Mechanism is identical, and therefore not to repeat here, it is pointed out that each component mounting position of carding mechanism 222 of lower cutting table is affixed to On lower cutting table framework 223, corresponding power is provided by multi-chain gear wheel chain drive in drive assembly, and the position of combing is The lower end of corn stem, and the rear end acaulescence stalk clamping device of carding mechanism, lower cutting table combing structure structure and upper header carding mechanism Run-in synchronism, to ensure that whole strain corn stem keeps the state of opposed vertical to enter in the clamping device of upper header, so that beautiful Rice stem stalk is difficult to produce at upper end retaining part fracture.
Upper header 21 described in the present embodiment is by carding mechanism 211, stem stalk clamping device 212, upper header framework 213, fruit ear Lossless separating mechanism 214, upper header height adjustment mechanism 215 forms;The overall structure of upper header 21 as shown in Figure 2, Operation principle is as shown in Figure 5.
Wherein upper header framework 213 is as the carrier of mechanism, and its rear end is hinged on frame assembly 1.
Upper header height adjustment mechanism 215 is then made up of a pair hydraulic mandril, and one end of every hydraulic mandril is hinged on vehicle frame On assembly 1, the other end is hinged on upper header framework 213, thus realizes the height adjustable of upper header 21 front end, full with this Foot adapts to the Semen Maydis harvesting of differing heights.
Stem stalk clamping device 212 is main is relatively kept compression by the wide face of two parallel rubber V-belts, clamps corn stem Top carry, operation principle is as shown in Figure 5
The operation principle of the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear 214 mainly by pair of parallel in harvester direction of advance and the length that rotates against Roller completes, the hydraulic motor of end provide rotary power, and being positioned at the long roller on the right side of harvester direction of advance is rotation counterclockwise, It is positioned at the long roller on the left of harvester direction of advance for turning clockwise.When stem stalk clamping device 212 clamps the Semen Maydis with fruit ear Stem stalk by this to the gap of long roller time, the rotary motion of long roller can be made the fruit ear of central collision connect along with the roller face of cylinder by this The normal direction touched constantly sheds impact force, simultaneously because this is less than fruit ear diameter to the parallel clearance between long roller and is more than stem Stalk diameter, causes stem stalk can pass through and stop fruit ear to pass through, so that stem stalk and fruit ear nondestructively separate, operation principle is such as Shown in Fig. 5.
Lower cutting table 22 described in the present embodiment is by stubble cutting machine structure 221, carding mechanism 322, lower cutting table framework 223, stalk disintegrating Mechanism 224, lower cutting table height adjustment mechanism 225 is constituted, and the overall structure of lower cutting table 22 is as shown in Figure 2.
Wherein lower cutting table framework 223 is as the carrier of mechanism, and its rear end is hinged on frame assembly 1.And lower cutting table height is adjusted Joint mechanism 225 is then made up of a pair hydraulic mandril, and one end of every hydraulic mandril is hinged on frame assembly 1, and the other end cuts with scissors It is connected on lower cutting table framework 223, thus the terrain clearance realizing lower cutting table 22 front end is adjustable, obtain different corn planting with this The adaptability in plot (note: have furrow plantation plot or plantation plot, level land), and improve harvester entirely through performance.
The stalk disintegrating mechanism 224 of lower cutting table 22 is rigidly fixed on lower cutting table framework by bolt, is integrally located at upper header 21 The position rearward, lower section of the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear 214.
As shown in Figure 6, operation principle is as shown in Figure 7 for the particular make-up structure of stalk disintegrating mechanism 224.After separating fruit ear Stem stalk by after the upper header 21 lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear 214, stalk disintegrating mechanism 224 front end dial standing grain unit 2241 Catching the bottom of stem stalk, the opposite direction advanced to harvester is dialled in, and now stem stalk top not yet departs from stem stalk clamping device 212. After stem stalk top eventually disengages from the stem stalk clamping device 212 of upper header, also have disengaged from bottom stem stalk now dialling standing grain unit 2241 run to the drop-down parallel clamping gap to roller unit 2242, and counter-rotation to roller makes flight thereon by stem stalk Bottom gradually pushes the drop-down section haling rib being welded on roller cylinder, thus constantly top is had been detached from upper header The overall stem stalk clamping of stem stalk clamping device 212 send into the rotary head 2243 that is disposed below and carry out comminution process.
Now, ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 completes the function of the lossless separation of fruit ear and stalk disintegrating the most respectively.
The transmission assembly 3 of the present embodiment is made up of fruit ear connecting gear 31 and pulverizing stem stalk connecting gear 32 the most respectively.
The fruit ear that wherein fruit ear connecting gear 31 is responsible for ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 separation falls is sent to be positioned at harvester rear end, harvesting In spike collecting storehouse 41 on the right side of machine direction of advance, for avoiding driving assembly 5 and the interference of ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 part body, Fruit ear connecting gear 31 is by first order conveyer belt 311, third level conveyer belt 312, third level conveyer belt 313, fourth stage transmission Band 314 composition, operation principle wherein first order conveyer belt 311 is hinged on the front end of lower cutting table framework 223, Being responsible for the fruit ear fallen along being longitudinally sent to second level conveyer belt 312, second level conveyer belt 312 is then hinged on lower cutting table frame The medium position of frame 223, is responsible for then cutting with scissors the fruit ear cross drive collected to third level conveyer belt 313, third level conveyer belt It is connected on the lower cutting table framework 223 right side along the direction of machine travel, is responsible for longitudinally the fruit ear of collection is sent to fourth stage conveyer belt 314;Fourth stage conveyer belt 314 is then hinged on frame assembly 1, is positioned at the rear of third level conveyer belt 313, and fruit ear is received The front in collection storehouse 41, inclined angle upwards, the fruit ear being responsible for collecting the most at last is sent in spike collecting storehouse 41.
And wherein pulverize stem stalk connecting gear 32 and be fastened on frame assembly 1 by overall bolt, it is responsible for lower cutting table stalk powder The pulverizing stem stalk that broken mechanism 224 falls is collected, and utilizes fan 321 to blow pulverizing stem stalk to being positioned at harvester rear end, In pulverizing stem stalk collecting bin 42 on the left of harvester direction of advance, for avoiding driving assembly 5 and ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 part body Interference, the air duct part 322 pulverizing stem stalk connecting gear 32 uses the mode that segmentation tilts upward, operation principle such as Fig. 9 Shown in.
The function of the corresponding stalk-spike-reaping of the silo assembly 4 of the present embodiment, is received by spike collecting storehouse 41 and pulverizing stem stalk the most respectively Collection storehouse 42 forms, the most placed side by side, as shown in fig. 1 along harvester direction of advance.Spike collecting storehouse 41 and pulverizing stem Stalk collecting bin 42 is articulated with on frame assembly 1, and respective hinged hydraulic mandril mechanism is to control unloading angle.
The frame of the present embodiment is sailed assembly 6 and is bolted bottom fastening surrounding on frame assembly 1, by general Semen Maydis harvesting Machine driver's cabin is constituted, and as manipulation center, for ease of observing the working condition of each assembly, driver's cabin surrounding is clear glass, Position is in the rear of ceding of Taiwan assembly 2, transmits the centre of assembly 3, the front of silo assembly 4.The behaviour being sitting in driver's cabin The horizontal line sight line of author is higher than the situation being easy to observe traveling front of sentencing to the maximum of ceding of Taiwan assembly 2, and top, driver's cabin front Both sides devise the rearview mirror of long-armed suspention, in order to the situation at rear when observing reversing, to ensure safety traffic.Drive total The highest point becoming 5 is highest point overall when harvester travels, and not higher than 3500mm, to ensure the vehicle field at live wire Between travel or the car load of road of passing by bridge culvert when transhipment passes through performance.
The drive assembly 6 of the present embodiment is made up of Mechanical Driven part and hydraulic-driven part, the machinery of the most each mechanism Motion provides power and operating mechanism.
In the present embodiment, as preferably preferred version, the operation whole process of fresh edible maize harvester is: operator is driving Sail internal cutting height and the upper header 21 its clamped height to stem stalk being adjusted lower cutting table 22 by drive assembly 6 of assembly 7, Then driving fresh edible maize harvester to walk in corn field, during advancing, ceding of Taiwan assembly 2 completes not to row harvesting, The lossless results of fruit and stem stalk automatic crushing, and by transmitting assembly 3, the corn ear of harvesting and pulverizing stem stalk are passed respectively Deliver to the spike collecting storehouse 41 of silo assembly 4 and pulverize stem stalk collecting bin 42, after silo collection is full, being transported to unloading place completes Unloading operates, and is finally completed the process of the automatic stalk-spike-reaping of entire mechanization of whole fresh edible maize.
Finally it is necessary described herein: above example is served only for saying technical scheme in further detail Bright, it is impossible to be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention, those skilled in the art makes according to the foregoing of the present invention Some nonessential improvement and adjustment belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. fresh edible maize harvester, it is characterised in that: include frame assembly, ceding of Taiwan assembly, transmit assembly, silo assembly, driving Assembly and drive assembly;Wherein ceding of Taiwan assembly, transmission assembly, driving assembly, silo assembly and drive assembly are connected to car On frame assembly;Ceding of Taiwan assembly and silo assembly are located at the two ends transmitting assembly, drive assembly and drive assembly provides power to drive Dynamic complete machine.
2. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: ceding of Taiwan assembly is made up of upper header, lower cutting table, is respectively used to Process fruit ear and the stem stalk of fresh edible maize.
3. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: upper header includes stem stalk clamping device, upper header framework, really The lossless separating mechanism of fringe, and upper header height adjustment mechanism composition;Wherein upper header framework exists as upper header carrier hinge On frame assembly, cane clamping device and the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear are both connected on upper header framework, stem stalk clamping device It is articulated with the lower section of upper header framework and is positioned at the top of the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear, correspondingly, the lossless separating mechanism of fruit ear The lower end being articulated with upper header framework and be positioned at the underface of stem stalk clamping device, the two ends of upper header height adjustment mechanism Connecting vehicle frame assembly and upper header framework respectively.
4. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: lower cutting table is by stubble cutting machine structure, lower cutting table framework, stalk disintegrating Mechanism and lower cutting table height adjustment mechanism are constituted, wherein lower cutting table framework as lower cutting table carrier hinge on frame assembly, Stalk disintegrating mechanism is connected on lower cutting table framework.
5. harvester as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: upper header is equipped with carding mechanism with the front end of lower cutting table, comb Reason mechanism is respectively provided at the upper and lower ceding of Taiwan foremost, for making the multi-strain maize cutting off ground obtain effective combing simultaneously Sequence, enters ceding of Taiwan assembly seriatim and completes harvesting.
6. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: transmit assembly the most respectively by fruit ear connecting gear and pulverizing stem stalk Connecting gear forms, and is respectively used to transmit fruit ear and stem stalk in corresponding silo.
7. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: silo assembly is by spike collecting storehouse and pulverizes stem stalk collecting bin group Become.
8. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: assembly sailed by frame, and to be bolted surrounding bottom fastening total in vehicle frame Cheng Shang, is made up of general corn picker driver's cabin.
9. harvester as claimed in claim 30, it is characterised in that: driver's cabin surrounding is clear glass, and position is in the ceding of Taiwan The rear of assembly, transmits the centre of assembly, the front of silo assembly.
10. harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: drive assembly is by Mechanical Driven part and hydraulic-driven Part is constituted, and the mechanical movement of the most each mechanism provides power and operating mechanism.
CN201510956276.1A 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 Fresh corn harvester Pending CN106034555A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111758382A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-13 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 Fresh corn picking and corn straw harvesting all-in-one machine
CN113141857A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-07-23 江南大学 Corn peeling device and peeling method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202285585U (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-07-04 山东常林农业装备股份有限公司 Straw-returning double-row crawler type maize harvesting machine
CN202679991U (en) * 2012-02-22 2013-01-23 山东理工大学 Spike-stalk harvesting type maize harvesting machine header
US20140083073A1 (en) * 2012-08-27 2014-03-27 Arthur Charles Doerscher, SR. Corn Stalk Harvester
CN203872593U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-10-15 邹平永兴农机有限公司 Universal self-propelled corn green feed harvester

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202285585U (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-07-04 山东常林农业装备股份有限公司 Straw-returning double-row crawler type maize harvesting machine
CN202679991U (en) * 2012-02-22 2013-01-23 山东理工大学 Spike-stalk harvesting type maize harvesting machine header
US20140083073A1 (en) * 2012-08-27 2014-03-27 Arthur Charles Doerscher, SR. Corn Stalk Harvester
CN203872593U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-10-15 邹平永兴农机有限公司 Universal self-propelled corn green feed harvester

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111758382A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-13 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 Fresh corn picking and corn straw harvesting all-in-one machine
CN113141857A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-07-23 江南大学 Corn peeling device and peeling method
CN113141857B (en) * 2021-02-26 2022-04-19 江南大学 Corn peeling device and peeling method

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