CN106034422A - Mulching film recovery device applicable to farmland - Google Patents

Mulching film recovery device applicable to farmland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106034422A
CN106034422A CN201610486999.4A CN201610486999A CN106034422A CN 106034422 A CN106034422 A CN 106034422A CN 201610486999 A CN201610486999 A CN 201610486999A CN 106034422 A CN106034422 A CN 106034422A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brush
reel
slide
farmland
perforation
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Pending
Application number
CN201610486999.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏正付
Original Assignee
夏正付
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 夏正付 filed Critical 夏正付
Priority to CN201610486999.4A priority Critical patent/CN106034422A/en
Publication of CN106034422A publication Critical patent/CN106034422A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B43/00Gatherers for removing stones, undesirable roots or the like from the soil, e.g. tractor-drawn rakes

Abstract

The invention relates to agricultural machinery, particularly to a mulching film recovery device applicable to a farmland. The mulching film recovery device comprises a rack, a winding drum, a brush, a battery, a motor and wheels, wherein the rack is provided with a chute I and a chute II which are corresponding to shapes of a sliding block I and a sliding block II of the brush, the brush is arranged on one side of the winding drum, the distance between the brush and the winding drum is adjustable, and plate spines are fixedly connected with the surface of the winding drum. The mulching film recovery device applicable to the farmland further comprises a sliding shaft and a spring, wherein the sliding shaft is connected to the back of a brush body of the brush by welding, a corresponding position of the rack is provided with a perforative through hole, the sliding shaft can slide in the through hole, and the spring is threaded on the sliding shaft and is positioned between the brush body and the through hole. The distance between the brush and the winding drum can be adjusted automatically, a pressing force is provided, and the distance between one end of the brush and the winding drum is equal to the distance between the other end of the brush and the winding drum, so that the problem that soil on the surface of a mulching film on the winding drum cannot be removed cleanly and uniformly is solved.

Description

A kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland
Technical field
The invention mainly relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, more particularly, to a kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland.
Background technology
Covering with ground sheeting is a ripe agriculture cultivation technology, water conservation fertilizer conservation, holding humidity, is effectively increased and extends work Thing trophophase, it is ensured that the raising of crop yield.Along with the development of agricultural modernization, rural area uses mulch film to become true Protect the important means of agricultural year stable yields.At present, agricultural mulching uses artificial plastic film mulch, machinery plastic film mulch, is widely used, but Recovery after mulch film uses is extremely difficult and numerous and diverse.Along with the prolongation of the plastic film mulching cultivation time limit, the residual mulching film response rate Low, easily cause Plastic-film pollution.After the crop of covering with ground sheeting is gathered, field stayed by remaining mulch film, can affect crop next time Growth, it is therefore necessary to remove clean.Being presently used for removing the machinery of mulch film seldom, and the bodily form is big, structure is complicated, cost Height, ground membrane removal can only manually be carried out, and labor intensity is big.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland, brush and reel Between distance can be automatically adjusted and there is thrust, ensure that brush two ends are equal with the distance of reel simultaneously, solve On reel, mulch film surface earth does not cleans up and uneven problem.
For solve above-mentioned technical problem, the ground Membrane recovery unit MRU of the present invention by frame, reel, brush, battery, motor, The part composition such as press button and wheel.Reel is movably connected in by the bearing block I of band bearing and the bearing block II of band bearing In frame, motor drive it to rotate clockwise, and controlled rotation and the stopping of reel by press button.The side of reel Equipped with brush, for removing the earth on mulch film.Brush little scope can move in frame, thus regulate brush and reel it Between distance.During promoting ground Membrane recovery unit MRU to advance, control motor rotation by press button, and passed by band Dynamic drive spool turns, is wound into the mulch film on ground on reel, and in winding process, brush can remove the earth on mulch film.Pass through This device, can remove ground mulch film quickly and easily.
Additionally, this device also includes slide-bar and spring, slide-bar is welded to connect the back side of the brush body at brush, the correspondence of frame Perforation and slide-bar that position is provided through can slide in perforation, and spring is altered on slide-bar, is positioned at the centre of brush body and perforation, Make the distance between brush and reel can be automatically adjusted and have thrust, ensure that brush two ends and reel simultaneously Apart from equal, solve mulch film surface earth on reel and do not clean up and uneven problem.
As the further optimization of the present invention, the diameter of described spring is more than the diameter of perforation, and its one end heads on brush body, separately One end heads on perforation.
As the further optimization of the present invention, described spring is stage clip.
As the further optimization of the present invention, described slide-bar is positioned at the middle part of brush body.
As the further optimization of the present invention, the perforation of described slide-bar, spring and correspondence at least.
As the further optimization of the present invention, the length of described slide-bar is more than the distance between perforation and brush body.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention will be further described in detail with specific implementation method below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural upright schematic diagram of present invention ground Membrane recovery unit MRU.
Fig. 2 is the front view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural upright schematic diagram of frame 1 in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is the front view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is the left view of Fig. 4.
Figure 10 is the top view of Fig. 4.
Figure 11 is the structural upright schematic diagram of reel 2 in Fig. 1.
Figure 12 is the front view of Figure 10.
Figure 13 be in Figure 11 A-A to amplification view.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of multidiameter I 2-2 in Figure 11.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of multidiameter II 2-3 in Figure 11.
Figure 16 is the structural upright schematic diagram of brush 3 in Fig. 1.
Figure 17 is the front view of Figure 15.
Figure 18 is the partial enlarged drawing of Figure 16.
Figure 19 is the enlarged left view of Figure 15.
In figure: frame 1;Battery holder 1-1;Through hole I 1-2;Through hole II 1-3;Through hole III 1-4;Through hole IV 1-5;Chute I 1-6; Through hole V 1-7;Through hole VI 1-8;Chute II 1-9;Through hole VII 1-10;Through hole VIII 1-11;Wheel link 1-12;Right handgrip 1- 13;Left hand is 1-14;Perforation 1-15;Reel 2;Plate thorn 2-1;Multidiameter I 2-2;Shaft part 2-2-1;Shaft part 2-2-2;Shaft part 2-2- 3;Multidiameter II 2-3;Shaft part 2-3-1;Shaft part 2-3-2;Shaft part 2-3-3;Keyway 2-3-4;Shaft part 2-3-5;Cylinder 2-4;Brush 3;Brush body 3-1;Slider I 3-2;Cylinder I 3-3;Slide block II 3-4;Cylinder II 3-5;Bristle 3-6;Battery 4;Motor 5;Button leaves Close 6;Big timing belt pulley 7;Little timing belt pulley 8;Timing Belt 9;Bearing block I 10 with bearing;Bearing block II 11 with bearing; Wheel 12;Axletree 13;Wing nut I 14;Wing nut II 15;Slide-bar 16;Spring 17.
Detailed description of the invention
In Fig. 1,2,3,4: ground Membrane recovery unit MRU is by frame 1, reel 2, brush 3, battery 4, motor 5, press button 6, big timing belt pulley 7, little timing belt pulley 8, Timing Belt 9, the bearing block I 10 of band bearing, the bearing block II 11 of band bearing, car Wheel 12, axletree 13, wing nut I 14 and wing nut II 15 composition.Reel 2 is by the bearing block I 10 of band bearing and tape spool The bearing block II 11 held is movably connected in frame 1, can axially rotate.Reel 2 is provided power by motor 5, by little same Step belt pulley 8, Timing Belt 9 and big timing belt pulley 7 transmit power, thus band movable reel 2 rotates clockwise.The one of motor 5 Side is provided with battery 4.The side of reel 2 is equipped with brush 3, and brush 3 is used to the earth on removing mulch film surface, and brush 3 Little scope can move in frame 1, thus regulate the distance between brush 3 and reel 2.When just starting working, it is wound around mulch film Thickness little, the distance between brush 3 and reel 2 should be little;After work a period of time, the mulch film of winding becomes many, the thickness of mulch film Degree becomes big, and the distance between brush 3 and reel 2 should suitably increase, it is simple to reel 2 normal rotation.Wheel 12 is internal with axle Hold, be connected in frame 1 by axletree 13.During promoting ground Membrane recovery unit MRU to advance, press button 6 can be passed through Control motor 5 to rotate, thus control reel 2 and rotate.When reel 2 rotates clockwise, just the mulch film on ground can be wound into On reel 2, in winding process, brush 3 can remove the earth on mulch film.By this device, can quick and convenient must remove on ground Mulch film.
Additionally, this ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland also includes slide-bar 16 and spring 17, slide-bar 16 is welded to connect The back side of the brush body 3-1 of brush 3, perforation 1-15 and slide-bar 16 that the correspondence position of frame 1 is provided through can be at perforation 1-15 Interior slip, spring 17 is altered on slide-bar 16, is positioned at brush body 3-1 and the centre of perforation 1-15.One end of slide-bar 16 is welded to connect The back side of the brush body 3-1 of brush 3, the other end, through perforation 1-15, can slide in perforation 1-15, thus regulate brush 3 and volume Distance between cylinder 2.Spring 17 is gone here and there on slide-bar 16, is positioned at brush body 3-1 and the centre of perforation 1-15, and spring 17 one end heads on brush Body 3-1, the other end heads on the perforation 1-15 in frame 1, so that brush 3 can be close to the mulch film surface on reel 2, i.e. Make, between brush 3 and reel 2, there is thrust, it is possible to removed by the earth on mulch film surface clean.Meanwhile, it is capable to guarantee brush 3 two ends are equal with the distance of reel 2, solve mulch film surface earth on reel 2 and remove uneven problem.Owing to brush 3 compares Longer, easily and not parallel between reel 2, namely the distance between brush 3 diverse location distance reel 2 is unequal.
Distance between brush 3 and reel 2 is so regulation: when normally working, wing nut I 14 and wing nut II 15 all screw, but brush 3 will not be made to be secured firmly in frame 1;When the mulch film on reel 2 is thickening, during extruding brush 3, machine Spring 17 between frame 1 and brush 3 is under pressure, and is compressed, and spring 17 length shortens, and slide-bar 16 slides in perforation 1-15, Distance between the brush body 3-1 and perforation 1-15 of brush 3 shortens, i.e. brush 3 slides backward the most automatically.And by Having certain degree of depth in perforation 1-15, similar cylinder, one end of slide-bar 16 is in perforation 1-15, and the other end is welded on brush On the brush body 3-1 of 3 so that brush 3 cannot move left and right, thus ensure that the distance between brush 3 diverse location distance reel 2 Equal, it is possible to uniformly to remove the earth on mulch film surface, do not have one end and remove vigour, the other end cannot remove clean feelings Condition.
In Fig. 5,6,7,8,9,10: the rear end of frame 1 is welded with battery holder 1-1, it is used for laying battery 4.Frame 1 powers on The side of stall 1-1 is provided with through hole I 1-2, through hole II 1-3, through hole III 1-4 and through hole IV 1-5, for fixed motor 5.Frame The both sides of 1 are respectively symmetrically and are provided with chute I 1-6 and chute II 1-9, are used for connecting brush 3.The both sides, front end of frame 1 are respectively symmetrically It is provided with through hole V 1-7, through hole VI 1-8 and through hole VII 1-10, through hole VIII 1-11, for bearing block I 10 and the band of fixing band bearing The bearing block II 11 of bearing.Four feet of frame 1 welded to each wheel link 1-12, is used for connecting wheel 12.Frame 1 is also Including right handgrip 1-13 and left hand 1-14, wherein on right handgrip 1-13, press button 6 is installed.
In Figure 11,12,13: reel 2 is stung 2-1, multidiameter I 2-2, multidiameter II 2-3 and cylinder 2-4 by plate and forms.Plate Thorn 2-1 is welded on the surface of cylinder 2-4, is uniformly distributed.Multidiameter I 2-2 and multidiameter II 2-3 is welded on cylinder 2-4 two end On face, and multidiameter I 2-2, multidiameter II 2-3, cylinder 2-4 are coaxial.Multidiameter I 2-2 of reel 2 is connected to the axle of band bearing Bearing II 11, multidiameter II 2-3 is connected to the bearing block I 10 of band bearing.Bearing block I 10 with bearing and the bearing block of band bearing II 11 realize axially location by the shaft shoulder and round nut, and are fixed in frame 1 by screw bolt and nut, thus are lived by reel 2 It is automatically connected in frame 1.
In fig. 14: multidiameter I 2-2 is made up of shaft part 2-2-1, shaft part 2-2-2 and shaft part 2-2-3.Shaft part 2-2-2 and band The bearing block II 11 of bearing coordinates.Shaft part 2-2-3 is provided with external screw thread, is used for connecting round nut and realizes axially location.
In fig .15: multidiameter II 2-3 is by shaft part 2-3-1, shaft part 2-3-2, shaft part 2-3-3, keyway 2-3-4 and shaft part 2- 3-5 forms.Shaft part 2-3-2 coordinates with the bearing block I 10 of band bearing.Shaft part 2-3-3 is provided with keyway 2-3-4, with the most synchronize skin Belt wheel 7 coordinates.Shaft part 2-3-5 is provided with external screw thread, is used for connecting round nut, thus realizes the most fixed of big timing belt pulley 7 Position.
In Figure 16,17,18,19: brush 3 is by brush body 3-1, slider I 3-2, cylinder I 3-3, slide block II 3-4, cylinder II 3- 5 and bristle 3-6 compositions.The two ends of brush body 3-1 are symmetrically welded with slider I 3-2, cylinder I 3-3 and slide block II 3-4, cylinder II 3-5, Wherein slider I 3-2 and slide block II 3-4 are cuboid, coordinate with chute I 1-6 in frame 1 and chute II 1-9 respectively, cylinder I 3-3 and cylinder II 3-5 is provided with external screw thread, coordinates with wing nut I 14 and wing nut II 15 respectively.Bristle 3-6 is fixed on On brush body 3-1.
In conjunction with Fig. 1-19, further illustrate preferred version:
The diameter of described spring 17 diameter more than perforation 1-15, its one end heads on brush body 3-1, and the other end heads on perforation 1- 15。
Described spring 17 is stage clip.
Described slide-bar 16 is positioned at the middle part of brush body 3-1.
The perforation 1-15 of described slide-bar 16, spring 17 and correspondence at least one.
The length of described slide-bar 16 is more than the distance between perforation 1-15 and brush body 3-1.

Claims (6)

1. it is applicable to the ground Membrane recovery unit MRU in farmland, including frame (1), reel (2), brush (3), battery (4), motor And wheel (12) (5), for being flexibly connected between frame (1) and reel (2), for flexible connection between frame (1) and brush (3), Frame (1) is provided with the chute I (1-6) corresponding with the slider I of brush (3) (3-2) and slide block II (3-4) shape and chute II (1-9), the side of reel (2) has brush (3), the distance between brush (3) and reel (2) to regulate, the surface of reel (2) Being fixedly connected plate thorn (2-1), one end of reel (2) is fixedly connected multidiameter I (2-2), and the other end is fixedly connected ladder Axle II (2-3) is characterized in that: this ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland also includes slide-bar (16) and spring (17), slide-bar (16) it is welded to connect at the back side of the brush body (3-1) of brush (3), the perforation (1-that the correspondence position of frame (1) is provided through 15) and slide-bar (16) can slide in perforation (1-15), spring (17) alters on slide-bar (16), is positioned at brush body (3-1) and bores a hole (1-15) centre.
A kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described spring (17) Diameter more than perforation (1-15) diameter, its one end heads on brush body (3-1), and the other end heads on perforation (1-15).
A kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: described spring (17) it is stage clip.
A kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described slide-bar (16) It is positioned at the middle part of brush body (3-1).
A kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described slide-bar (16), spring (17) and corresponding perforation (1-15) at least.
A kind of ground Membrane recovery unit MRU being applicable to farmland the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described slide-bar (16) Length more than perforation (1-15) and brush body (3-1) between distance.
CN201610486999.4A 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 Mulching film recovery device applicable to farmland Pending CN106034422A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610486999.4A CN106034422A (en) 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 Mulching film recovery device applicable to farmland

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610486999.4A CN106034422A (en) 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 Mulching film recovery device applicable to farmland

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106034422A true CN106034422A (en) 2016-10-26

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106034422A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1553060A (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-08 友达光电股份有限公司 Method for spring screw set and adjusting element gap
CN201601954U (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-10-13 农八师石河子市农牧业机械化技术推广站 Drum-type mulching film reclaimer
EP2129208B1 (en) * 2007-02-28 2011-12-28 Roger Gerber Farming implement for separating ground elements
CN203057856U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-07-17 辽宁省农业机械化研究所 Integrated unit for harvesting potatoes and recycling mulching film
CN104186041A (en) * 2014-09-09 2014-12-10 夏正付 Mulching film recovery device
CN104521350A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-22 广西大学 Mulching film recycling device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1553060A (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-08 友达光电股份有限公司 Method for spring screw set and adjusting element gap
EP2129208B1 (en) * 2007-02-28 2011-12-28 Roger Gerber Farming implement for separating ground elements
CN201601954U (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-10-13 农八师石河子市农牧业机械化技术推广站 Drum-type mulching film reclaimer
CN203057856U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-07-17 辽宁省农业机械化研究所 Integrated unit for harvesting potatoes and recycling mulching film
CN104186041A (en) * 2014-09-09 2014-12-10 夏正付 Mulching film recovery device
CN104521350A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-22 广西大学 Mulching film recycling device

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Application publication date: 20161026

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication