CN106025591B - Casing device, connection structure and terminal device - Google Patents

Casing device, connection structure and terminal device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106025591B
CN106025591B CN201610575449.XA CN201610575449A CN106025591B CN 106025591 B CN106025591 B CN 106025591B CN 201610575449 A CN201610575449 A CN 201610575449A CN 106025591 B CN106025591 B CN 106025591B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spring
pear
end
shaped
housing
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610575449.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106025591A (en
Inventor
左州全
Original Assignee
广东欧珀移动通信有限公司
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Priority to CN201610575449.XA priority Critical patent/CN106025591B/en
Publication of CN106025591A publication Critical patent/CN106025591A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106025591B publication Critical patent/CN106025591B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact, i.e. touching one another; Means for effecting or maintaining such contact; Electrically-conductive connections having two or more spaced connecting locations for conductors and using contact members penetrating insulation
    • H01R4/28Clamped connections, spring connections
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R12/00Structural associations of a plurality of mutually-insulated electrical connecting elements, specially adapted for printed circuits, e.g. printed circuit boards [PCBs], flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures, e.g. terminal strips, terminal blocks; Coupling devices specially adapted for printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures; Terminals specially adapted for contact with, or insertion into, printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures
    • H01R12/70Coupling devices
    • H01R12/71Coupling devices for rigid printing circuits or like structures
    • H01R12/712Coupling devices for rigid printing circuits or like structures co-operating with the surface of the printed circuit or with a coupling device exclusively provided on the surface of the printed circuit
    • H01R12/716Coupling device provided on the PCB
    • H01R12/718Contact members provided on the PCB without an insulating housing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/16Constructional details or arrangements
    • G06F1/1613Constructional details or arrangements for portable computers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/44Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas using equipment having another main function to serve additionally as an antenna, e.g. means for giving an antenna an aesthetic aspect
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q13/00Waveguide horns or mouths; Slot antennas; Leaky-waveguide antennas; Equivalent structures causing radiation along the transmission path of a guided wave
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R12/00Structural associations of a plurality of mutually-insulated electrical connecting elements, specially adapted for printed circuits, e.g. printed circuit boards [PCBs], flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures, e.g. terminal strips, terminal blocks; Coupling devices specially adapted for printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures; Terminals specially adapted for contact with, or insertion into, printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures
    • H01R12/70Coupling devices
    • H01R12/71Coupling devices for rigid printing circuits or like structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact, i.e. touching one another; Means for effecting or maintaining such contact; Electrically-conductive connections having two or more spaced connecting locations for conductors and using contact members penetrating insulation
    • H01R4/28Clamped connections, spring connections
    • H01R4/48Clamped connections, spring connections utilising a spring, clip, or other resilient member
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact, i.e. touching one another; Means for effecting or maintaining such contact; Electrically-conductive connections having two or more spaced connecting locations for conductors and using contact members penetrating insulation
    • H01R4/28Clamped connections, spring connections
    • H01R4/48Clamped connections, spring connections utilising a spring, clip, or other resilient member
    • H01R4/4854Clamped connections, spring connections utilising a spring, clip, or other resilient member using a wire spring
    • H01R4/4863Coil spring
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R2201/00Connectors or connections adapted for particular applications
    • H01R2201/02Connectors or connections adapted for particular applications for antennas

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of casing device, including housing and connection structure.The housing includes being electrically connected area.The connection structure includes Pear-Shaped spring, the first spring card and second spring card, and the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on by first spring card on a pcb board, and the Pear-Shaped spring is simultaneously electrically connected by the second spring card with the housing.The present invention also provides a kind of connection structure and terminal devices.Casing device according to the present invention, connection structure and terminal device, can effectively avoid the abrasion of metal shell inner surface.

Description

Casing device, connection structure and terminal device

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of mobile communication technology more particularly to casing device, connection structure and terminal devices.

Background technology

At present, metal shell due to quality sense it is high, durable the advantages that, increasingly get consumer reception, also more and more The terminal devices such as mobile phone use metal shell.In order to reach the requirement of some functions or maintain the performance of terminal device, usually PCB (Printed circuit board, printed circuit board (PCB)) that can be inside terminal device sets metal elastic between plate and housing Piece.

For example, it is asked to solve metal shell what the signal of the antenna in terminal device significantly weakened or shielded Topic, PCB (Printed circuit board, the printed circuit first end of metal clips being fixed on inside terminal device Plate) on plate, and the antenna with being installed on pcb board is electrically connected, the second end of metal clips and the inner surface of metal shell contradict Electrical contact.This connection mode by metal clips, when terminal device is shaken due to external force, the second of metal clips End can occur relative movement with the inner surface of metal shell and generate friction.When friction often, metal shell inner surface Metal material (such as aluminum alloy materials) can wear and cause metal material occur oxidation generate oxide, influence metal clips There is loose contact and influences the performance of terminal device in the reliability contacted with metal shell inner surface, such as influence day is linear Energy.

The content of the invention

In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of casing device, connection structure and terminal device, can effectively avoid metal The abrasion of shell inner surface, so as to maintain the stabilization of antenna performance.

The present invention provides a kind of casing device, including housing and connection structure.The connection structure include Pear-Shaped spring, First spring card and second spring card, the Pear-Shaped spring are fixed on by first spring card on a pcb board, The Pear-Shaped spring is simultaneously electrically connected by the second spring card with the housing, wherein, the spring of the Pear-Shaped spring Loop diameter is gradually reduced from one end to precalculated position, and is gradually increased from the precalculated position to the other end.

Wherein, the casing device further includes the function element being installed on pcb board, and the housing includes being electrically connected Area, the Pear-Shaped spring are fixed on pcb board the rear and function being installed on pcb board by first spring card Element is electrically connected, and is electrically connected with the electric connection area of the housing.

Wherein, the function element is the electric connection Qu Jian of antenna modules, the Pear-Shaped spring and the housing Loaded on the antenna modules electrical connection on the pcb board, the housing is electrically connected spoke of the area as antenna modules Beam.

Wherein, the Pear-Shaped spring includes first end and second end, and the first end is fixed by the first spring card It is electrically connected in the pcb board and with function element, the second end passes through the electric connection area of second spring card and housing Inner surface is electrically connected.

Wherein, the first end is a fat end of the Pear-Shaped spring, and the second end is the Pear-Shaped bullet Another fat end of spring, the position for being located substantially at middle part of the spring ring diameter of the Pear-Shaped spring from first end to Pear-Shaped spring It puts and is gradually reduced, and gradually increase to second end from the position for being located substantially at middle part.

Wherein, first spring card includes the first bottom plate, and first bottom plate includes opposite the first face and the Two faces, the first face face pcb board of first bottom plate and are fixed on pcb board, and the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed In on the second face of first bottom plate.

Wherein, the side of the first bottom plate of first spring card is extended with the bending part of multiple inverted L-shapeds, inverted L-shaped One first container is collectively formed with second face in bending part, and the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring is contained in described first and receives In tank, and the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on first spring card, and then be fixed on the pcb board.

Wherein, three sides of first spring card are extended with the first curved of inverted L-shaped towards the direction away from pcb board Folding part, another side openings, the first end of Pear-Shaped spring slide into from the side of the opening and are defined in the first Spring Card In several first containers of piece.

Wherein, one first block, the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring are additionally provided at the outer rim of the side of the opening It is slipped into from the side of opening, until the inside of the first block contradicts the outer rim of the first end of Pear-Shaped spring, the first gear Block coordinates with the multiple first container and Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on the first bottom plate of the first spring card.

Wherein, the second spring card includes the second bottom plate, and second bottom plate includes opposite the 3rd face and the On four sides, the 3rd face face housing of second bottom plate and made electrical contact with the electric connection area of housing, the second end of the spring It is fixed on the fourth face of second bottom plate.

Wherein, the side of the second bottom plate of the second spring card is extended with the second bending part of multiple inverted L-shapeds, each One second container is collectively formed with second face in second bending part of inverted L-shaped, and the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring accommodates In second container.

Wherein, three sides of the second spring card are extended with the second curved of inverted L-shaped towards the direction away from housing Folding part, another side openings, the second end of Pear-Shaped spring T1 slide into from the side of the opening and are defined in second spring In several second containers of card.

Wherein, one second block, the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring are additionally provided at the outer rim of the side of the opening It is slipped into from the side of opening, until the inside of the second block contradicts the outer rim of the second end of Pear-Shaped spring, the second gear Block coordinates with the multiple second container and Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on the second bottom plate of second spring card.

Wherein, the material of the Pear-Shaped spring and the housing is metal material.

Wherein, the surface of the Pear-Shaped spring is coated with gold and/or nickel material.

Wherein, first spring card is fixed on by way of being welded to connect on pcb board, the second spring card It is contradicted in a manner that elasticity contradicts with housing.

Wherein, first spring card and pcb board integrated molding and/or the second spring card and housing one Shaping.

Wherein, the antenna modules include RF transmit-receive circuit and match circuit;The match circuit is electrically connected to described Between RF transmit-receive circuit and the connection structure, it is electrically connected by the connection structure with housing.

A kind of connection structure is also provided, for connecting the pcb board and housing of a terminal device, wherein, the connection structure Including Pear-Shaped spring, the first spring card and second spring card, the Pear-Shaped spring is used for through first spring Card is fixed on the pcb board and for being electrically connected by the second spring card with the housing, wherein, it is described The spring ring diameter of Pear-Shaped spring is gradually reduced from one end to precalculated position, and is gradually increased from the precalculated position to the other end Greatly.

Wherein, the housing includes being electrically connected area, and function element, the Pear-Shaped spring are provided on the pcb board It is electrically connected afterwards with the function element being installed on pcb board for being fixed on by first spring card on pcb board, and It is electrically connected with the electric connection area of the housing.

Wherein, the function element is antenna modules, and the spring card is used to the helical spring being fixed on institute It states on pcb board, the helical spring is used to be installed on described after being fixed on pcb board by first spring card Antenna modules electrical connection on pcb board, and be electrically connected by the second spring card with the electric connection area of the housing, with The housing is electrically connected radiator of the area as antenna modules.

Wherein, the Pear-Shaped spring includes first end and second end, and the first end is fixed by the first spring card It is electrically connected in the pcb board and with antenna modules, the second end is electrically connected by second spring card with the inner surface of housing.

Wherein, first spring card of stating includes the first bottom plate, and first bottom plate includes opposite the first face and the Two faces, first face are fixed on the pcb board, and several sides in the second face of first spring card are towards away from PCB The direction of plate is extended with the first bending part of inverted L-shaped, and each inverted L-shaped bending part forms one first with second face and accommodates Slot, the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring is contained in several first containers, and the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on On first spring card, and then it is fixed on the pcb board.

Wherein, three sides of the spring card are extended with the first bending of inverted L-shaped towards the direction away from pcb board Portion, another side openings, if the first end of Pear-Shaped spring slides into from the side of the opening and is defined in spring card In dry first container.

Wherein, the second spring card includes the second bottom plate, and second bottom plate includes opposite the 3rd face and the 4th Face, the 3rd face face housing of second bottom plate and makes electrical contact with the electric connection area of housing, the second spring card Several sides of fourth face are extended with the second bending part of inverted L-shaped, each the second bending part of inverted L-shaped towards the direction away from housing One second container is formed with the fourth face.

Wherein, the spring coil that the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring is not closed for a circle is contained in described several second and accommodates In slot, and the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on the second spring card, so it is electrical with the housing Bonding pad inner surface electrical contact.

Wherein, three sides of the second spring card are extended with inverted L-shaped side wall towards the direction away from housing, another A side openings, the second end of Pear-Shaped spring slide into from the side of the opening and are defined in several the of second spring card In two containers.

Wherein, the material of the Pear-Shaped spring and the housing is metal material.

Wherein, the surface of the Pear-Shaped spring is coated with gold and/or nickel material.

A kind of terminal device is also provided, including pcb board and foregoing casing device.

In the present invention, between the antenna modules and housing that are connected to by spring on pcb board, gold can be effectively avoided Belong to the abrasion of shell inner surface.

Description of the drawings

It in order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can be with Other attached drawings are obtained according to these attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the casing device in first embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the floor map of the housing in one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 3 is decomposition and the assembling schematic diagram of the connection structure in one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 4 is the inversion schematic diagram of the second spring card in the connection structure in one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the casing device in second embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 6 is the block diagram of the antenna modules in the casing device in one embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 7 is the block diagram of the terminal device in one embodiment of the invention.

Specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without creative efforts Embodiment belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Please with reference to the schematic diagram that Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1 are the casing device 100 in the first embodiment of the present invention.Institute Stating casing device 100 includes housing 20 and connection structure 30.The connection structure 30 includes Pear-Shaped spring T1, the first spring Card K1 and second spring card K2, the Pear-Shaped spring T1 are fixed on PCB by the first spring card K1 On (Printed circuit board, printed circuit board (PCB)) plate 40, the Pear-Shaped spring T1 simultaneously passes through the second spring card Piece K2 is electrically connected with the housing 20.Wherein, the spring ring diameter of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 gradually subtracts from one end to precalculated position It is small, and gradually increase from the precalculated position to the other end.

The housing 20 includes electric connection area 21 as shown in Figure 2.The casing device 100, which further includes, is installed on PCB Function element 101 on plate 40, the Pear-Shaped spring 30 by the first spring card K1 be fixed on pcb board 40 after with The function element 101 being installed on pcb board 40 is electrically connected, and is electrically connected with the electric connection area 21 of the housing 20.

In one embodiment, the function element 101 is antenna modules 10, the Pear-Shaped spring 30 and the housing 20 Electric connection area 21 and the antenna modules 10 that are installed on the pcb board 40 be electrically connected, by the electricity of the housing 20 Radiator of the property bonding pad 21 as antenna modules 10.Wherein, the electric connection area 21 of the housing 20 can be entire housing 20 Or the subregion of housing 20.When the electric connection area 21 is the subregion of housing 20, it can be located in housing 20 Between position, two side positions, shape can be square, circular, triangle etc..

Wherein, the pcb board 40 can be an antenna circuit board that is used only for installing and carry antenna modules 10.It is described The mainboard of pcb board 40 or a terminal device, in addition to being equipped with the antenna modules 10, is also equipped with other Functional Units Part, such as processor, memory etc..In some embodiments, the pcb board 40 can also be one of the antenna modules 10 Point.In further embodiments, other functions after the spring T1 is fixed on pcb board 40 with being installed on pcb board 40 Element is electrically connected and is electrically connected with the electric connection area 21 of housing 20.For example, with the power circuit that is installed on pcb board 40 etc. Ground connect, and using the electric connection area 21 of housing 20 as publicly or the memory with being installed on pcb board 40, handle The connections such as device, display chip, using the electric connection area 21 of housing 20 as Electro-static Driven Comb.It is below day with function element 101 It is illustrated exemplified by line module 10.

Specifically, in one embodiment, the Pear-Shaped spring T1 includes first end 31 and second end 32, the first end 31 are fixed on the pcb board 40 by the first spring card K1 and are electrically connected with antenna modules 10, and the second end 32 passes through Two spring card K2 are electrically connected with the inner surface in the electric connection area 21 of housing 20.In one embodiment, to pass through second spring Card K2 contradicts the inner surface in the electric connection area 21 of housing 20 and is electrically connected.Wherein, the first end 31 is the Pear-Shaped A fat end of spring T1, the second end 32 are another fat end of the Pear-Shaped spring T1.The Pear-Shaped bullet Spring T1 is spiral Pear-Shaped spring, the spring ring diameter of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 from first end 31 to Pear-Shaped spring T1 substantially It is gradually reduced positioned at the position at middle part, and gradually increases from the position for being located substantially at middle part to second end 32, i.e. is described pre- Positioning is set to the position for being located substantially at middle part.Wherein, the first end 31 can be identical with the diameter of second end 32 It can be different.Specifically, Pear-Shaped spring T1 is made of multiple elastic spring coils extended spirally, the first end 31 of Pear-Shaped spring T1 And second end 32 includes horizontal segment and the tilting section for the extension that is inclined upwardly from horizontal segment, and form the spring coil do not closed.

Wherein, the inner surface of the pcb board 40 and housing 20 is substantially parallel, and the telescopic direction of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 is big It causes as along the orientation of first end 31 and second end 32, i.e., perpendicular to the direction of 20 inner surface of the pcb board 40 or housing.

So as to generate power when housing 20 is acted on be subject to external force compared with pcb board 40 and be acted on, due to Pear-Shaped spring T1 Scalable movement can also be distorted towards other directions different from telescopic direction so that housing 20 occurs slightly with respect to pcb board 40 When mobile, Pear-Shaped spring T1 with second spring card K2 can follow housing 20 together with move, and keep Pear-Shaped spring T1's Second end 32 and second spring card K2 and the contact position of housing 20 are constant.Therefore, connection structure 30 and housing 20 are avoided It rubs, loose contact caused by the abrasion of 20 inner surface of housing will not be caused.

Also referring to Fig. 3, decomposition and assembling schematic diagram for connection structure 30.The first spring card K1 includes bottom Plate D1, the bottom plate D1 include opposite the first face F1 (as shown in Figure 1) and the second face F2.The first face F1 of the bottom plate D1 It face pcb board 40 and is fixed on pcb board 40.The first end 31 of the spring T1 is fixed on the second face F2 of the bottom plate D1 On.

Further, the side B1 of bottom plate D1 is extended with multiple bending part C1, and the bending part with spring T1 engaging. Specifically, the side B1 of the first spring card K1 is extended with bending part C1 towards the direction away from pcb board 40.The bending Portion C1 can be inverted L-shaped.One first container S1 is collectively formed in the bending part C1 of each inverted L-shaped and the second face F2.Wherein, institute Stating between multiple bending part C1 can be connected with each other, or interval setting as shown in Figure 3, i.e. multiple bending parts The side wall of C1 is mutually linked or spaced.So as to, correspondingly, the multiple first container S1 can be it is mutual indepedent and Separating or interconnected.

The coil of the first end 31 of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 is contained in the container S1, and by the Pear-Shaped bullet Spring T1 is fixed on the first spring card K1, and then is fixed on the pcb board 40.

As shown in figure 3, three side B1 of the first spring card K1 towards away from pcb board 40 direction be extended with it is curved Folding part C1, another side B1 be open, so as to Pear-Shaped spring T1 first end 31 can be slided into from the side B1 of the opening and It is defined in several first container S1 of the first spring card K1.The first end 31 of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 passes through the first bullet After spring card K1 is fixed on pcb board 40, also made electrical contact with the antenna modules 10.

Wherein, it is additionally provided with one first block N1 at the outer rim of the side B1 of the opening, it is preferred that the first block N1 is used Elastic material is made, and during installation, the first end 31 of Pear-Shaped spring T1 is slipped into from the side B1 of opening, until the first block N1 Inside contradict Pear-Shaped spring T1 first end 31 outer rim.During installation, the first block N1 can be compressed, and Pear-Shaped spring After T1 enters, the first block N1 is bounced, with the multiple first container S1 cooperations by the first end of Pear-Shaped spring T1 31 are fixed on the bottom plate D1 of the first spring card K1.Obviously, in some embodiments, the first block N1 can not be elasticity Material, and the elasticity having on the spring ring diameter direction using Pear-Shaped spring T1 first ends 31, along the side B1 of opening It slides into.When the inside for sliding into the first block N1 contradicts the outer rim of first end 31, the spring coil of the first end 31 recovers shape, and The side wall of the first block N1 and multiple container S1 are contradicted, so as to which the first block N1 and the multiple first container S1 matches somebody with somebody It closes and Pear-Shaped spring T1 is fixed on the bottom plate D1 of the first spring card K1.The first end 31 of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 is logical It crosses after the first spring card K1 is fixed on pcb board 40, is also made electrical contact with the antenna modules 10.

Also referring to Fig. 4, the schematic diagram at the inversion visual angle that Fig. 3 is second spring card K2.The second spring card K2 includes bottom plate D2, and the bottom plate D2 includes the 3rd opposite face F3 (as shown in Figure 3) and fourth face F4, the 3rd face F3 and It face housing 20 and is electrically connected with the inner surface in the electric connection area 21 of housing 20, the second end 32 of the spring T1 is fixed on institute It states on fourth face F4.

Likewise, the side B1 of bottom plate D2 is extended with multiple bending part C2, the bending part C2 to Pear-Shaped spring The second end 32 of T1 engages.Specifically, the side B2 of the second spring card K2 is extended with towards the direction away from housing 20 Bending part C2.The bending part C2 can be inverted L-shaped.The each inverted L-shaped bending part C2 and fourth face F4 is collectively formed one second Container S2.Wherein, can be to be connected with each other between the multiple bending part C2, or interval as shown in Figure 4 is set It puts, i.e. the side wall of multiple bending part C2 is mutually linked or spaced.So as to correspondingly, the multiple second container S2 Can be it is mutual indepedent and separate or be interconnected.

As shown in figure 4, three side B2 of the second spring card K2 towards away from housing 20 direction be extended with it is curved Folding part C2, another side B2 be open, so as to Pear-Shaped spring T1 second end 32 can be slided into from the side B2 of the opening and It is defined in several second container S2 of second spring card K2, so as to be fixed on the second spring card K2.The calabash After the second end 32 of reed shape spring T1 is fixed on second spring card K2,21 electricity of electric connection area also with the housing 20 connects It touches.Wherein, the second spring card K2 be metal material, the Pear-Shaped spring T1 by the spring card K2 with it is described The electric connection area 21 of housing 20 makes electrical contact with.

One second block N2 is additionally provided at the outer rim of the side B2 of the opening of the second spring card K2, it is preferred that Second block N2 is made of elastic material, and during installation, the second end 32 of second spring T1 is slipped into from the side B2 of opening, until The inside of second block N2 contradicts the outer rim of the second end 32 of Pear-Shaped spring T1.During installation, the second block N2 can be compressed, and After Pear-Shaped spring T1 enters, the second block N2 is bounced, with the multiple second container S2 cooperations by Pear-Shaped spring The second end 32 of T1 is fixed on the bottom plate D2 of second spring card K2.Equally, in some embodiments, the second block N2 It can not be elastic material, and utilize elasticity in the diametric(al) of the spring coil of the second end 32 of Pear-Shaped spring T1, and along opening The side B2 at place is slided into.When the inside for sliding into the second block N2 contradicts the outer rim of first end 31, the spring coil of the second end 31 Recover shape, and contradict the side wall of the second block N2 and multiple second container S2, so as to the second block N2 and described more A second container S2 coordinates and Pear-Shaped spring T1 is fixed on the bottom plate D2 of second spring card K2.

Wherein, the material of the Pear-Shaped spring T1 is metal material.In some embodiments, the Pear-Shaped spring T1 Surface be also coated with the materials such as gold, nickel.

The housing 20 is metal shell, is, for example, the housing of aluminum alloy material, and the housing 20 is rear shell (after battery Lid), the second spring card K2 is contradicted with the inner surface of housing 20 and is electrically connected.

In one embodiment, the first spring card K1 is fixed on by way of being welded to connect on pcb board 40, i.e. The first face of the first spring card K1 is fixed on by way of being welded to connect on pcb board 40.

Referring to Fig. 5, the schematic diagram for the casing device 200 in another embodiment.The structure of the casing device 200 with Casing device 100 shown in FIG. 1 is roughly the same, the structure of the casing device 200 and the area of casing device 100 shown in FIG. 1 It is not:In another embodiment, the first spring card K1 can be integrally formed with pcb board 40, the second spring Card K2 can also be integrally formed with housing 20.That is, described first spring card K1 is integrally formed with pcb board 40 and/or institute Second spring card K2 is stated to be integrally formed with housing 20.

Referring to Fig. 6, the antenna modules 10 include RF transmit-receive circuit 11 and match circuit 12.The match circuit 12 It is electrically connected between the RF transmit-receive circuit 11 and the connection structure 30, is electrically connected by the connection structure 30 with housing 20 It connects.

The RF transmit-receive circuit 11 is used to receive or emit the aerial signal of special frequency channel.The match circuit 12 be Impedance matching is carried out between RF transmit-receive circuit 101 and housing 20 and balance matches, so as to maintain the normal work of antenna modules 10 Make.Wherein, the aerial signal that RF transmit-receive circuit 11 emits is transmitted to housing by the match circuit 12 by connection structure 30 20, and the housing 20 by being used as radiator is radiate.

In the RF transmit-receive circuit 11 for GSM (global system for mobile communications, entirely Ball mobile communication) antenna rf transmission circuit, CDMA (Code Division MultipleAccess;CDMA) antenna penetrates Frequency transmission circuit, Bluetooth antenna RF transmit-receive circuit, WIFI antenna rfs transmission circuit, NFC (Near filed Communication, near-field communication) one kind in antenna rf transmission circuit.

In some embodiments, the antenna modules 10 may also include the pcb board 40, can be provided on the pcb board 40 Gap, the RF transmit-receive circuit 11 couples to form slot antenna by the gap on match circuit 12 and pcb board 40, and leads to Being electrically connected for foregoing 30/ Pear-Shaped spring T1 of connection structure and housing 20 is crossed, and using housing 20 as slot antenna Radiator.

Referring to Fig. 7, being the block diagram of the terminal device 1 in one embodiment of the invention, the terminal device 1 includes foregoing Casing device 100 or casing device 200 and pcb board 40.Obviously, terminal device 1 may also include processor, memory, show The other elements such as display screen due to unrelated with improvement of the invention, therefore are not shown, also do not repeat herein.

As previously mentioned, the pcb board 40 can be used only for installing and carry the antenna mould in casing device 100,200 for one The antenna circuit board of group 10.The mainboard of the pcb board 40 or the terminal device 1, except being equipped with the antenna modules Outside 10, other function element, such as processor, memory etc. are also equipped with.

Terminal device 1 can be mobile phone, tablet computer, personal digital assistant PDA, point-of-sale terminal POS or vehicle-mounted computer etc. Deng.

The above disclosure is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly It encloses, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that realize all or part of flow of above-described embodiment, and will according to right of the present invention Made equivalent variations are sought, still falls within and invents covered scope.

Claims (23)

1. a kind of casing device, which is characterized in that the casing device includes:
Housing, including being electrically connected area, wherein, the electric connection area is entire shell area;And
Connection structure;
Wherein, the connection structure includes Pear-Shaped spring, the first spring card and second spring card, the Pear-Shaped spring Including first end and second end, the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on by first spring card on a pcb board, The second end of the Pear-Shaped spring simultaneously passes through the second spring card and the inner surface electricity in the electric connection area of the housing Connection, wherein, the spring ring diameter of the Pear-Shaped spring is gradually reduced from one end to precalculated position, and from the precalculated position to The other end gradually increases;
The casing device further includes the antenna modules being installed on pcb board, and the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring passes through described First spring card is electrically connected after being fixed on pcb board with the antenna modules being installed on pcb board, by the housing It is electrically connected radiator of the area as antenna modules;Wherein, generate power when housing is acted on be subject to external force compared with pcb board and made Used time, Pear-Shaped telescopic spring are moved or distorted towards other directions different from telescopic direction, keep the Pear-Shaped spring Second end and second spring card and the contact position of the housing are constant;Wherein, the antenna modules include radio-frequency receiving-transmitting electricity Road and match circuit;The match circuit is electrically connected between the RF transmit-receive circuit and the connection structure, by described Connection structure is electrically connected with housing, and the RF transmit-receive circuit is coupled by the gap on match circuit and pcb board and stitched to be formed Gap antenna, and being electrically connected by the Pear-Shaped spring and the electric connection area of housing, and the electric connection area of housing is made For the radiator of slot antenna.
2. casing device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the first end is one of the Pear-Shaped spring fat End, the second end are another fat end of the Pear-Shaped spring, and the spring ring diameter of the Pear-Shaped spring is from first end To Pear-Shaped spring be located substantially at middle part position be gradually reduced, and from it is described be located substantially at middle part position to second end by It is cumulative big.
3. casing device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first spring card includes the first bottom plate, described First bottom plate includes opposite the first face and the second face, the first face face pcb board of first bottom plate and is fixed on pcb board On, the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on the second face of first bottom plate.
4. casing device as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that prolong the side of the first bottom plate of first spring card Stretching has the bending part of multiple inverted L-shapeds, and one first container, the cucurbit is collectively formed with second face in the bending part of inverted L-shaped The first end of shape spring is contained in first container, and the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on first spring card On, and then be fixed on the pcb board.
5. casing device as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that three sides of first spring card are towards separate The direction of pcb board is extended with the first bending part of inverted L-shaped, another side openings, and the first end of Pear-Shaped spring is from described The side of opening slides into and is defined in several first containers of the first spring card.
6. casing device as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that one is additionally provided at the outer rim of the side of the opening One block, the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring are slipped into from the side of opening, until the inside of the first block contradicts Pear-Shaped The outer rim of the first end of spring, first block and the multiple first container coordinate and Pear-Shaped spring are fixed on the On first bottom plate of one spring card.
7. casing device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the second spring card includes the second bottom plate, described Second bottom plate includes the 3rd opposite face and fourth face, the 3rd face face housing of second bottom plate and electrical with housing Bonding pad makes electrical contact with, and the second end of the spring is fixed on the fourth face of second bottom plate.
8. casing device as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that prolong the side of the second bottom plate of the second spring card Stretching has the second bending part of multiple inverted L-shapeds, and one second collecting is collectively formed in the second bending part and the fourth face of each inverted L-shaped Slot, the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring are contained in second container.
9. casing device as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that three sides of the second spring card are towards away from shell The direction of body is extended with the second bending part of inverted L-shaped, another side openings, and the second end of Pear-Shaped spring is from the opening Side slide into and be defined in several second containers of second spring card.
10. casing device as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with one at the outer rim of the side of the opening Second block, the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring are slipped into from the side of opening, until the inside of the second block contradicts cucurbit The outer rim of the second end of shape spring, second block coordinate with the multiple second container and are fixed on Pear-Shaped spring On second bottom plate of second spring card.
11. casing device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the material of the Pear-Shaped spring and the housing is Metal material.
12. casing device as claimed in claim 11, which is characterized in that the surface of the Pear-Shaped spring be coated with gold and/or Nickel material.
13. such as claim 1-12 any one of them casing devices, which is characterized in that first spring card passes through welding The mode of connection is fixed on pcb board, and the second spring card contradicts in a manner that elasticity contradicts with housing.
14. such as claim 1-12 any one of them casing devices, which is characterized in that first spring card and pcb board It is integrally formed and/or the second spring card is integrally formed with housing.
15. a kind of connection structure, for connecting the pcb board and housing of a terminal device, which is characterized in that the connection structure bag Pear-Shaped spring, the first spring card and second spring card are included, the Pear-Shaped spring includes first end and second end, described The first end of Pear-Shaped spring is used to be installed on PCB with described after being fixed on the pcb board by first spring card On plate antenna modules electrical connection and the Pear-Shaped spring second end be used for by the second spring card with it is described The housing is electrically connected radiator of the area as antenna modules by the inner surface electrical connection in the electric connection area of housing, Wherein, the electric connection area is entire shell area, the spring ring diameter of the Pear-Shaped spring from one end to precalculated position by It is decrescence small, and gradually increase from the precalculated position to the other end;Wherein, when housing be subject to external force act on and compared with pcb board When generating the effect of power, the Pear-Shaped telescopic spring is moved or distorted towards other directions different from telescopic direction.
16. connection structure as claimed in claim 15, which is characterized in that first spring card of stating includes the first bottom plate, First bottom plate includes opposite the first face and the second face, and first face is fixed on the pcb board, first bottom plate Several sides in the second face be extended with the first bending part of inverted L-shaped, each inverted L-shaped bending part towards the direction away from pcb board One first container is formed with second face, the first end of the Pear-Shaped spring is contained in several first containers, and The Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on first spring card, and then is fixed on the pcb board.
17. connection structure as claimed in claim 16, which is characterized in that three sides of first spring card are towards separate The direction of pcb board is extended with the first bending part of inverted L-shaped, another side openings, and the first end of Pear-Shaped spring is from described The side of opening slides into and is defined in several first containers of the first spring card.
18. connection structure as claimed in claim 15, which is characterized in that the second spring card includes the second bottom plate, institute Stating the second bottom plate includes the 3rd opposite face and fourth face, the 3rd face face housing of second bottom plate and electrical with housing Bonding pad makes electrical contact with, and several sides of the fourth face of second bottom plate are extended with the of inverted L-shaped towards the direction away from housing Two bending parts, each the second bending part of inverted L-shaped form one second container with the fourth face.
19. connection structure as claimed in claim 18, which is characterized in that the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring is not sealed for a circle The spring coil closed is contained in several second containers, and the second end of the Pear-Shaped spring is fixed on the second spring On card, and then made electrical contact with the electric connection area inner surface of the housing.
20. connection structure as claimed in claim 19, which is characterized in that three sides of the second spring card are towards separate The direction of housing is extended with inverted L-shaped side wall, another side openings, and the second end of Pear-Shaped spring is from the side of the opening It slides into and is defined in several second containers of second spring card.
21. connection structure as claimed in claim 15, which is characterized in that the material of the Pear-Shaped spring and the housing is Metal material.
22. connection structure as claimed in claim 21, which is characterized in that the surface of the Pear-Shaped spring be coated with gold and/or Nickel material.
23. a kind of terminal device, which is characterized in that including pcb board and as claim 1-14 any one of them housing fills It puts.
CN201610575449.XA 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Casing device, connection structure and terminal device CN106025591B (en)

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CN201610575449.XA CN106025591B (en) 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Casing device, connection structure and terminal device
CN201810496359.0A CN108521029B (en) 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Casing device, connection structure and terminal device

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CN1794515A (en) * 2004-12-21 2006-06-28 三星电机株式会社 Built-in type antenna assembly of wireless communication terminal
CN2919573Y (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-07-04 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Electrical contact structure and electronic device having the electrical contact structure
CN101652040A (en) * 2008-08-15 2010-02-17 深圳富泰宏精密工业有限公司 Casing component embedded with antenna and manufacturing method thereof
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CN104011423A (en) * 2011-11-16 2014-08-27 纽弗雷公司 Spring Retainer Clip
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CN108521029B (en) 2019-10-25
CN106025591A (en) 2016-10-12

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