CN106023495A - Wireless theft and damage-preventing monitoring and alarming method and system for electric power wells - Google Patents

Wireless theft and damage-preventing monitoring and alarming method and system for electric power wells Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106023495A
CN106023495A CN201610569956.2A CN201610569956A CN106023495A CN 106023495 A CN106023495 A CN 106023495A CN 201610569956 A CN201610569956 A CN 201610569956A CN 106023495 A CN106023495 A CN 106023495A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electric power
well
alarm
gprs
power well
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610569956.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁凯
张艳萍
易丹
张镇
付振强
郑开宇
黄耀阳
李叶军
Original Assignee
国网辽宁省电力有限公司鞍山供电公司
鞍山兰陵易电工程技术有限公司
国家电网公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 国网辽宁省电力有限公司鞍山供电公司, 鞍山兰陵易电工程技术有限公司, 国家电网公司 filed Critical 国网辽宁省电力有限公司鞍山供电公司
Priority to CN201610569956.2A priority Critical patent/CN106023495A/en
Publication of CN106023495A publication Critical patent/CN106023495A/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B13/00Burglar, theft or intruder alarms
    • G08B13/02Mechanical actuation
    • G08B13/08Mechanical actuation by opening, e.g. of door, of window, of drawer, of shutter, of curtain, of blind
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a wireless theft-and-damage-preventing monitoring and alarming method and system for electric power wells. Each electric power well is provided with a well cover state detector for detecting whether the corresponding well cover is in an opening or closing state, and each well cover state detector is respectively connected with a GPRS alarm and a GPS positioner. When a well cover is detected to be in an opening state under normal working conditions, the GPRS alarm sends an alarm signal to a monitoring center. The electric power well, of which the cover is under opening state, can be rapidly positioned through coding information of the electric power well and the GPS positioning system. Rapid alarm and accurate positioning of a well cover, of an electric power well, which is opened abnormally, are realized. The system has the advantages of low manufacture, installation and operation cost, sensitive detection and rapid and accurate positioning. The system and method are applicable to integral networking protection of urban electric power wells, and false alarm during normal maintenance can be prevented. The system and method are highly practical.

Description

A kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method and system

Technical field

The present invention relates to power engineering safety alarm system technical field, particularly relate to a kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor report Alarm method and system.

Background technology

Along with the quickening of urbanization process, city enlarged areas, public utility development is rapid, electric power, communication etc. Buried mode mostly taked by electricity (line) cable of department, carries out regular maintenance by electric power well.But the secure environment face of electric power well Face a lot of test, have plenty of because natural cause, such as heavy showers wash well lid open;The strength of materials is poor, well lid rolled bad or Construction damages etc., have plenty of because lawless person's artificially steals damage.Due to well lid have a very wide distribution, quantity big, cause supervision Difficulty is big, and directly theft well lid or the criminal behavior by well lid entrance theft electricity (line) cable are more and more rampant;Owing to well lid lacks Damage is not easy to find in time, and owing to specification, the size of various well lids all differ, gives to process afterwards and bring very burden, Reinstall the longest, easily occur pedestrian to fall the vehicle accident of inspection shaft, vehicle rollover, or cause peace to power engineering Full hidden danger and tremendous influence.Particularly steal damage behavior and there is the biggest uncontrollability, just have a strong impact on urban operating mechanism function Often play, and cause huge loss, have become as the huge difficult problem of puzzlement urban construction, and cause the wide of various circles of society General concern.

Manhole cover anti-theft takes mechanical consolidation or the method for change cover materials more, cover materials will be replaced by by metal cast iron and mould Material or cement material, make the method that well lid non-recovery is worth.But due to the existence of buried cable in electric power well, the most still without having Efficacious prescriptions method stops the behavior of offender's violence open manhole cover for the purpose of theft buried cable.

Also there is correlational study for electric power manhole cover anti-theft warning problem, but generally there is high cost, the shortcoming that cost performance is low, It is only applicable to monomer or the protection of minority electric power well, is worth without large scale application.Meanwhile, prior art is for city Electric power well monitoring for unit is also formed without system, and after causing stealing, electric power well location is put and cannot be determined, it is impossible to and Times Police and maintenance;It addition, manhole cover anti-theft warning system is in normally opened situation in prior art, electric quantity consumption is big, simultaneously normally Maintenance can produce false alarm when opening well lid, is also the key factor that cannot realize the networking protection of electric power well.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides a kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method and system, can be normally opened to electric power well well lid anon-normal Opening enforcement Rapid Alarm and being accurately positioned, it is low that system has manufactures, installations, operating cost, detects sensitive, the quick standard in location True advantage, it is adaptable to the overall networking protection of urban electric power well, and false alarm when can avoid conventional maintenance, have the strongest Actual application value.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention realizes by the following technical solutions:

A kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method, comprises the steps:

1) on the borehole wall of pithead position, it is respectively provided with well lid state detector at each electric power well, is used for detecting at well lid In opening or closed mode;

2) well lid state detector is connected to GPRS alarm and GPS locator, detects when in normal operation When the well lid state arrived is for opening, by GPRS alarm transmission alarm signal to Surveillance center, send this electric power well simultaneously Coding information;

3) Surveillance center receives the report for police service after signal, by coding information and the GPS alignment system of electric power well, quickly to being in The electric power well of well lid opening positions;Then area under one's jurisdiction attendant belonging to it is assigned dispatch command, to oriented Electric power well carries out Inspection and maintenance;

4) when needing open manhole cover during electric power well conventional maintenance, the attendant of Surveillance center or authorized license hands is passed through The GPRS alarm of corresponding electric power well closed in advance by machine or remote controller;

5) Surveillance center sets data base, and relative alarm data are stored at any time, and has inquiry and statistical function, monitor people Machine interaction page sets electronic chart can real-time query display electric power well distribution situation and well lid state.

For realizing the system of a kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method, including being separately mounted in each electric power well Supervising device and the Surveillance center being connected with each supervising device communication, often group supervising device is by well lid state detector, GPRS Alarm and GPS locator connect composition, and connect set of cells by supply module;Wherein GPRS alarm includes micro-place Reason device and GPRS wireless communication module, GPRS wireless communication module connects Surveillance center by cloud server;Surveillance center Including router, server and monitor.

Described well lid state detector is photoelectric sensor switch or mechanical trip switch, is arranged under well lid by adjustable support Side is on the borehole wall of pithead position.

Described microprocessor is MCU microprocessor, has timing function.

Described GPRS wireless communication module uses Si4432B1 chip, has timing wake-up and wireless awakening function.

Described supervising device is externally provided with protective cover, and water proof and dust proof grade is IP66.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

1) applied range, good environmental adaptability, it is adaptable to city all types ditch well well lid at present, including cable pipeline Well, steam line well and drainage pipeline well;

2) achieve innovation and the fusion of multinomial technology, optimize each several part design, make product integrated level high, superior performance, Produce, install, operating cost low;

3) installing simple and convenient, can realize big regional ensemble in single line foundation construction, application mode is flexible;

4) use GPRS global positioning system, can realize the longitude and latitude of electric power wells all in defence area is accurately positioned or position is retouched State, really realize the digital management to each electric power well;

5) all the period of time protection, realizes the real-time prison of 24 hours to each well lid by bus numeral encoding and decoding technique Survey;

6) super large-range monitoring, in conjunction with GRS electronic chart, it is possible to achieve each to city the most whole in big regional extent The network management of well lid;

7) maintenance warning is neglected neither;Authorize mobile phone to deploy troops on garrison duty at a distance the technology of withdrawing a garrison, make conventional maintenance maintenance and burglar alarm two Do not miss, it is ensured that behavior is stolen in efficiently responding, precision strike;

8) it is swift in response, it is ensured that quickly responding, it is achieved the precision strike of target, property loss is reduced to Min..

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of electric power well of the present invention antitheft damage wireless monitor warning system.

Fig. 2 is the annexation schematic diagram of supervising device of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation of well lid state detector of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the operation principle block diagram of supervising device of the present invention.

In figure: 1. electric power well 2. supervising device 3. cloud server 4. router 5. server 6. monitor 7. Well lid 8. adjustable support 9. well lid state detector

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described further:

As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method of the present invention, comprise the steps:

1) on the borehole wall of pithead position, well lid state detector 9 it is respectively provided with, for detecting shaft at each electric power well 1 Lid 7 is in unlatching or closed mode;

2) well lid state detector 9 is connected to GPRS alarm and GPS locator, visits when in normal operation When well lid 7 state measured is for opening, by GPRS alarm transmission alarm signal to Surveillance center, send this electricity simultaneously The coding information of power well 1;(as shown in Figure 4)

3) Surveillance center receives the report for police service after signal, by coding information and the GPS alignment system of electric power well 1, quickly to place Electric power well 1 in well lid opening positions;Then area under one's jurisdiction attendant belonging to it is assigned dispatch command, to the most fixed The electric power well 1 of position carries out Inspection and maintenance;

4) when needing open manhole cover 7 during electric power well 1 conventional maintenance, the attendant of Surveillance center or authorized license lead to Cross mobile phone or remote controller cuts out the GPRS alarm of corresponding electric power well 1 in advance;

5) Surveillance center sets data base, and relative alarm data are stored at any time, and has inquiry and statistical function, monitor people Machine interaction page sets electronic chart can real-time query display electric power well 1 distribution situation and well lid 7 state.

For realizing the system of a kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method, including being separately mounted in each electric power well 1 Supervising device 2 and the Surveillance center that is connected with the communication of each supervising device 2, often group supervising device 2 is by well lid state detection Device 9, GPRS alarm and GPS locator connect composition, and connect set of cells by supply module;Wherein GPRS reports to the police Device includes microprocessor and GPRS wireless communication module, and GPRS wireless communication module is connected in monitoring by cloud server 3 The heart;Surveillance center includes router 4, server 5 and monitor 6.(shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2)

Described well lid state detector 9 is photoelectric sensor switch or mechanical trip switch, is arranged on well by adjustable support 8 Below lid 7 on the borehole wall of pithead position.(as shown in Figure 3)

Described microprocessor is MCU microprocessor, has timing function.

Described GPRS wireless communication module uses Si4432B1 chip, has timing wake-up and wireless awakening function.

Described supervising device 2 is externally provided with protective cover, and water proof and dust proof grade is IP66.

Described GPRS alarm is joined directly together with well lid state detector 9, by microprocessor processes well lid state detector 9 related datas transmitted, it is judged that the current state of well lid 7;As well lid 7 is opened or lacked, then by GPRS channel radio News module transmission warning message is to cloud server 3, and Surveillance center downloads warning message by cloud server 3 again.For fall Low-power consumption, GPRS wireless communication module is waken up up from dormancy by timing microprocessor (time can set).Set of cells uses During 3 No. 5 batteries of joint, supervising device 2 uses the time to be more than 1 year;Technical grade device all selected by supervising device 2, full The severe applied environment demand of foot.

Electric power well of the present invention antitheft damage wireless monitor warning system uses GPRS wireless communication technology, and it possesses the most excellent Point:

1) real-time;GPRS network has real-time online characteristic, system without time delay, can synchronize receive, process multiple/ The data of all data collection points, can well meet system to data acquisition and the requirement of transmission real-time.

2) input cost is low;GPRS wireless public network platform has the feature of wide coverage, building mainly at prison of system Monitoring software is installed at control center, installs radio node at device end.Owing to using GPRS wireless public network platform, and its net Network wide coverage, is therefore made without connecting up specially, and up-front investment is few, instant effect, and the later stage upgrades simply, safeguards into This is low.

3) to copy scope wide for collection;GPRS wide coverage, within the coverage of wireless GSM/GPRS network, can Install and use.And, dilatation is unrestricted, accesses place unrestricted.

4) transmission capacity of system is big;Surveillance center to keep connecting in real time with monitoring data collection point.Due to monitoring data Collection point is large number of, and system requirements can meet the needs of burst data transmission, and GPRS technology can meet biography well The needs of defeated burst data.

5) operation cost is low;Using GPRS monthly payment charging way, operation cost is low.

GPRS wireless communication module in the present invention uses Si4432B1 chip, and this chip is a kind of compact, low merit Consumption, highly integrated wireless ISM band transceiver module.Can be operated in 240~960MHZ band limits, have high Receiving sensitivity (-121dBm), and peak power output can reach+20DBm, under the conditions of peak power is arranged, Open communication distance, up to upper km, have the title of " king through walls ".Operating temperature range, between-40~80 DEG C, adapts to Property is strong.

GPRS wireless communication module supports the DNS domain name addressing of dynamic IP addressing data center, supports fixed ip address data Center.Embedded PPP, TCP/IP, UDP/IP standard agreement, ray mode in always online and multiple triggering;By data traffic Charging also supports multi-party communication, uses TCP many kinds of communication parties of IP Server/Client, UDP/IP, DDP, SMS, AT Formula.

Surveillance center 2 has service management function, the alert data that each front end electric power well transmits can be stored, analyze, Other abnormal conditions of system also can be alerted by management etc..Its monitoring feature is as follows:

1) by electronic chart mode, position and well lid 7 monitoring state of each electric power well 1 are shown on a monitor;

2) can store historical data, set up historical data base, support at any time the state of a certain moment well lid 7 to be gone through History is inquired about;

3) various data can be reprocessed, draw statistical value, the problem finding to hide;

4) there is printing function;

5) there is warning function, various improper data and event are produced and reports to the police.

The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and appoints What those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and send out Bright design equivalent or change in addition, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
1) on the borehole wall of pithead position, it is respectively provided with well lid state detector at each electric power well, is used for detecting at well lid In opening or closed mode;
2) well lid state detector is connected to GPRS alarm and GPS locator, detects when in normal operation When the well lid state arrived is for opening, by GPRS alarm transmission alarm signal to Surveillance center, send this electric power well simultaneously Coding information;
3) Surveillance center receives the report for police service after signal, by coding information and the GPS alignment system of electric power well, quickly to being in The electric power well of well lid opening positions;Then area under one's jurisdiction attendant belonging to it is assigned dispatch command, to oriented Electric power well carries out Inspection and maintenance;
4) when needing open manhole cover during electric power well conventional maintenance, the attendant of Surveillance center or authorized license hands is passed through The GPRS alarm of corresponding electric power well closed in advance by machine or remote controller;
5) Surveillance center sets data base, and relative alarm data are stored at any time, and has inquiry and statistical function, monitor people Machine interaction page sets electronic chart can real-time query display electric power well distribution situation and well lid state.
2. for realizing the system of a kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor alarm method described in claim 1, its feature It is, including the supervising device being separately mounted in each electric power well and the Surveillance center being connected with each supervising device communication, often group Supervising device is connected composition by well lid state detector, GPRS alarm and GPS locator, and is connected by supply module Connect set of cells;Wherein GPRS alarm includes microprocessor and GPRS wireless communication module, and GPRS wireless communication module leads to Cross cloud server and connect Surveillance center;Surveillance center includes router, server and monitor.
A kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor warning system the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described Well lid state detector is photoelectric sensor switch or mechanical trip switch, is arranged on below well lid near well by adjustable support On the borehole wall of mouth position.
A kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor warning system the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described Microprocessor is MCU microprocessor, has timing function.
A kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor warning system the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described GPRS wireless communication module uses Si4432B1 chip, has timing wake-up and wireless awakening function.
A kind of electric power well antitheft damage wireless monitor warning system the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described Supervising device is externally provided with protective cover, and water proof and dust proof grade is IP66.
CN201610569956.2A 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Wireless theft and damage-preventing monitoring and alarming method and system for electric power wells CN106023495A (en)

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CN201610569956.2A CN106023495A (en) 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Wireless theft and damage-preventing monitoring and alarming method and system for electric power wells

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610569956.2A CN106023495A (en) 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Wireless theft and damage-preventing monitoring and alarming method and system for electric power wells

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101976488A (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-02-16 上海优培智能科技有限公司 Wellhole and wellshutter security alarming system for power telecom engineering
CN201993856U (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-09-28 天津市军联科技有限公司 Intelligent well cover theft-proof system
CN102426765A (en) * 2011-09-13 2012-04-25 航天科工深圳(集团)有限公司 Anti-theft system for manhole cover and test method of anti-theft system
CN203773651U (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-08-13 三维通信股份有限公司 Manhole cover intelligent monitoring device
CN105374178A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-02 重庆金灿钢结构有限公司 Manhole cover facility intelligent monitoring system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101976488A (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-02-16 上海优培智能科技有限公司 Wellhole and wellshutter security alarming system for power telecom engineering
CN201993856U (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-09-28 天津市军联科技有限公司 Intelligent well cover theft-proof system
CN102426765A (en) * 2011-09-13 2012-04-25 航天科工深圳(集团)有限公司 Anti-theft system for manhole cover and test method of anti-theft system
CN203773651U (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-08-13 三维通信股份有限公司 Manhole cover intelligent monitoring device
CN105374178A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-02 重庆金灿钢结构有限公司 Manhole cover facility intelligent monitoring system

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Application publication date: 20161012