CN106016234A - Efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler - Google Patents

Efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106016234A
CN106016234A CN201610336964.2A CN201610336964A CN106016234A CN 106016234 A CN106016234 A CN 106016234A CN 201610336964 A CN201610336964 A CN 201610336964A CN 106016234 A CN106016234 A CN 106016234A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat transfer
shell
fired boiler
inner bag
combustor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610336964.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张福秀
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN ZHENGYAN ENERGY SAVING HEATING EUIPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN ZHENGYAN ENERGY SAVING HEATING EUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN ZHENGYAN ENERGY SAVING HEATING EUIPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN ZHENGYAN ENERGY SAVING HEATING EUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610336964.2A priority Critical patent/CN106016234A/en
Publication of CN106016234A publication Critical patent/CN106016234A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B33/00Steam-generation plants, e.g. comprising steam boilers of different types in mutual association
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/02Component parts or details of steam boilers applicable to more than one kind or type of steam boiler
    • F22B37/06Flue or fire tubes; Accessories therefor, e.g. fire-tube inserts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/02Component parts or details of steam boilers applicable to more than one kind or type of steam boiler
    • F22B37/42Applications, arrangements, or dispositions of alarm or automatic safety devices

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler, and belongs to the technical field of efficient energy utilization of heating equipment. The efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler comprises an all-closed shell, a combustion chamber, multiple liners connected with the combustion chamber, and an exhaust chamber; the combustion chamber is formed in the lower end in the shell; a combustion cylinder is arranged on one side of the combustion chamber, and is connected with a combustor; the combustion cylinder is connected with the internal combustion chamber by penetrating through the shell; the liners are fixedly connected into the shell; the bottoms of the liners are communicated with the combustion chamber; the liners are provided with multiple spiral heat transfer exhaust pipes from top to bottom; one ends of the exhaust pipes are heat transfer intake ports, and the other ends are heat transfer exhaust ports; the exhaust pipes are communicated with the liners through the heat transfer intake ports; the spiral heat transfer exhaust pipes are connected with the exhaust chamber through the heat transfer exhaust ports; the exhaust chamber is formed in the shell; a water closing structure is arranged in the exhaust chamber; and the exhaust chamber is connected with an external exhaust pipe and an external drain pipe. The efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler can improve the first heat energy utilization rate, and solves general water accumulating problem in a pipe of a traditional boiler structure.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of boiler, specific design one high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler, belong to heating equipment high efficient energy sources Utilize technical field.
Background technology
Boiler is as one wide variety of heat resource equipment in producing, living, and it mainly passes through flue and tube wall to water Heating, water is heated generation steam to produce heat.The most conventional boiler, is the most all made up of shell and flue, passes through Water in heat-transfer pipe in flue is heated and can produce a large amount of available heat, but the thermal transition first of boiler is inefficient, one As the temperature of heat-transfer pipe often can reach more than 300 DEG C, this partial heat typically cannot be collected, and causes the thermal transition efficiency of boiler Relatively low.
Existing patent name is a kind of environmental-friendly natural gas boiler system (notification number is CN 203615309 U), discloses this System includes that natural gas feedway and natural gas boiler, described natural gas feedway are connected with described natural gas boiler, For the burner of described natural gas boiler being carried out supply natural gas, the pipeline of described natural gas boiler water inlet pipe is arranged Having first flow controller, the exit of the flue gas exhaust pipe of described natural gas boiler is provided with waste heat boiler, also includes flue gas Purifier, described smoke eliminator is arranged on the nitrogen oxygen on the flue gas exhaust pipe of described waste heat boiler in purifying smoke Compound, described waste heat boiler water inlet pipe is connected with described natural gas boiler water inlet pipe, and described waste heat boiler outlet pipe is with described Natural gas boiler outlet pipe is connected.This technical scheme uses unstructured and adjusts, for the heat energy profit of boiler self structure Promote by rate and do not improve.
Patent name is a kind of four return water curtain smokeless environment-protection boilers (notification number is CN 202432541 U), including standing Sandwich type element, flue and burner hearth, also include the ring-type air compartment being arranged on described inboard wall of burner hearth;It is located at forward and backward of described housing Front smoke box and rear smoke box;Wherein, rear smoke box communicates with described burner hearth, and front smoke box communicates with boiler smoke outlet;After connection smoke box with Front smoke box, front smoke box and three groups of annulars heat transfer smoke pipes of rear upper smoke box, rear upper smoke box and boiler smoke outlet;Input port is by smoke evacuation Pipe communicates with boiler smoke outlet, the screen collector that delivery outlet is communicated with air-introduced machine and dust discharge chimney by the dust flue of bending. This technical scheme relates to a kind of heat transfer structure being made up of smoke discharging pipe, has certain improvement to boiler structure, but this structure is same There is the problem that boiler heat utilization rate first is low, if promoting its heat utilization rate first, heat transfer pipe hydrops etc. can be caused Problem.
Patent name is a kind of steam boiler (notification number is CN 203731372 U), has the pot of charging aperture including sidepiece Furnace body, bottom boiler body, place is provided with the fire grate structure being positioned at below charging aperture, and boiler body is relative to the sidepiece of charging aperture Offering outlet flue, boiler body top is fixed with water storage box, and the top of water storage box has gas outlet valve, and setting up in boiler body has The many heat-exchange tubes carrying water in water storage box, are equipped with the horizontal heat-exchange tube of many horizontally sets, boiler in water storage box It is fixed with the front smoke box together with being located at all ends, horizontal heat-exchange tube side with outlet flue, on body on boiler body also It is fixed with and the horizontal all end cover of heat-exchange tube opposite side is located at together and there is the rear smoke box of venthole.This technical scheme Equally exist the problem needing after using a period of time to process air supply duct internal water accumulation.
Summary of the invention
The problem existed for above-mentioned prior art, the present invention provides a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler, it is possible to promote pot The heat utilization rate first of stove, and solve the pipeline internal water accumulation problem generally existed in existing boiler structure.
To achieve these goals, a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler that the present invention uses, including totally enclosed type shell, combustion Burn some inner bags and exhaust chamber that room is connected with combustor;
Described combustor is arranged on enclosure lower end, and combustor side is provided with combustion barrel, and described combustion barrel is connected with combustor, Described combustion barrel is connected through described shell with internal combustion chamber;
Described inner bag is affixed in the enclosure, bottom inner bag and combustion chamber, inner bag be provided with some top-down spirally Heat transfer exhaustor, described spiral heat transfer exhaustor one end for heat transfer air inlet, the other end for heat transfer gas outlet, described spirally Heat transfer exhaustor is connected with inner bag by heat transfer air inlet, and spiral heat transfer exhaustor is by described heat transfer gas outlet and exhaust chamber Connect;
Described exhaust chamber is arranged on enclosure, is provided with water seal structure, described exhaust chamber is connected to outer row inside exhaust chamber Feed channel and exterior drain.
As improvement, described inner bag has two, and two inner bags are disposed side by side on combustor.
As improvement, described spiral heat transfer exhaustor is looped around outside inner bag in the shape of a spiral.
As improvement, the quantity of described spiral heat transfer exhaustor has more than three.
As improvement, the heat transfer air inlet connection of each spiral heat transfer exhaustor diverse location on inner bag.
As improvement, the heat transfer gas outlet arranged in parallel of each spiral heat transfer exhaustor also connects with exhaust chamber respectively.
As improvement, described water seal structure memory has condensed water, and in being used for stoping exhaust chamber, flue gas is from outer row water pipe Track overflow.,
As improvement, described inner bag top is provided with fixing pipe, and described fixing pipe one end is fixed on inner bag, in the other end and shell Wall fixes.
As improvement, described combustor is arranged on housing exterior.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention uses the heat transfer exhaustor arranged from top to bottom, By heat transfer exhaustor is contacted with water as much as possible, it is achieved the fully transmission of heat, steam because of water inside heat transfer exhaustor meanwhile Air cooling coagulate the water droplet of generation from top to bottom drain into exhaust chamber by heat transfer exhaustor, and drain into outer row water pipe by exhaust chamber Road, thus avoid the internal hydrops of heat transfer exhaustor or hydrops to inner bag and the problem of combustor reflux.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of gas fired-boiler of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is boiler internal structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is combustor and the structural representation of inner bag in the present invention;
In figure: 1, shell, 2, combustor, 3, inner bag, 4, exhaust chamber, 5, spirally conduct heat exhaustor, 6, heat transfer gas outlet, 7, outer Portion's discharge duct, 8, exterior drain, 9, fixing pipe, 10, combustion barrel, 11, combustor.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention of greater clarity, below by accompanying drawing and embodiment, right The present invention is further elaborated.However, it should be understood that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain this Bright, it is not limited to the scope of the present invention.It should be noted that when element is referred to as " being fixed on " another element, and it is permissible Directly on another element or element placed in the middle can also be there is.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, It can be directly connected to another element or may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " on ", D score and similar expression are for illustrative purposes only.
Unless otherwise defined, all of technical term used herein and scientific terminology are led with the technology belonging to the present invention The implication that the technical staff in territory is generally understood that is identical, and the term used the most in the description of the invention is intended merely to retouch State the purpose of specific embodiment, it is not intended that in limiting the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler, including totally enclosed type shell 1, combustor 2 and Some inner bags 3 of combustor 2 connection and exhaust chamber 4;
Described combustor 2 is arranged on shell 1 interior lower end, and combustor 2 side is provided with combustion barrel 10, described combustion barrel 10 and burning Machine 11 connects, and described combustion barrel 10 is connected through described shell 1 with internal combustion chamber 2;
Described inner bag 3 is fixed in shell 1, connects with combustor 2 bottom inner bag 3, and inner bag 3 is provided with some top-down spiral shells Rotating heat transfer exhaustor 5, described spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 one end is heat transfer air inlet, and the other end is heat transfer gas outlet 6, institute Stating spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 to be connected with inner bag 3 by heat transfer air inlet, spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 conducts heat by described QI KOU 6 is connected with exhaust chamber 4;
It is internal that described exhaust chamber 4 is arranged on shell 1, and exhaust chamber 4 is internal is provided with water seal structure, outside described exhaust chamber 4 is connected to Portion's discharge duct 7 and exterior drain 8.
As the improvement of embodiment, described inner bag 3 has two, and two inner bags 3 are disposed side by side on combustor 2, and structure sets Meter rationally, uses the structure of two inner bags 3, effectively meets serviceability requirement.
As the improvement of embodiment, described spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 is sleeved on outside inner bag 3, aerofluxus of spirally conducting heat The helical structure of pipe 5 can make it contact with water as much as possible, fully realizes the transmission of heat.
As the improvement of embodiment, be provided with outside each inner bag 3 quantity of spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 have three with On, those skilled in the art can select particular number and the kind of spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 the most flexibly, such as, can adopt With large-sized heat transfer exhaustor 10 groups, undersized heat transfer exhaustor 4 groups, to guarantee that heat-transfer effect is good, efficiency is high.
As the improvement of embodiment, the heat transfer air inlet connection of each spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 difference on inner bag 3 Position, effectively transmits the heat of inner bag 3 diverse location, it is ensured that heat transfer efficiency is high.
As the improvement of embodiment, heat transfer gas outlet 6 arranged in parallel of each spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 respectively and aerofluxus Room 4 connects, and reasonable in design is easy to use, and heat transfer, good exhaust effect.
As the improvement of embodiment, described water seal structure memory has condensed water, and in being used for stoping exhaust chamber 4, flue gas is from outward Portion's drainage pipeline 8 overflows.
As the improvement of embodiment, described inner bag 3 top is provided with fixing pipe 9, and described fixing pipe 9 one end is fixed on inner bag 3 On, the other end fixes with shell 1 inwall, is effectively fixed in shell 1 by inner bag 3 by fixing pipe 9, improves boiler entirety knot The steadiness of structure, safe to use.
As the improvement of embodiment, it is outside that described combustor 11 is arranged on shell 1.
In real work, owing to the fuel of boiler is natural gas or fuel oil, have hydrone after burning and produce, gas after burning Temperature typically more than 1000 degrees Celsius, so time hydrone be gaseous state, after burning, gas enters spiral shell by inner bag 3 Rotating heat transfer exhaustor 5, on the one hand discharges the waste gas after burning, on the one hand also utilizes the high temperature of gas to row of spirally conducting heat Water around trachea 5 carries out heating (for the present embodiment, be covered with water around spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5), due to spiral Formula heat transfer exhaustor 5 is to be rotated by up to lower, and therefore after burning, gas the most from top to bottom flows, the temperature of the water around exhaustor Relatively low, therefore, when after burning, gas can occur condensation liquefaction existing close to spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 tube wall hydrone therein As, forming condensed water, condensed water flows to exhaust chamber 4, exhaust chamber 4 along with spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 together with residual gas In be provided with in water seal structure, have condensed water in it, in being used for stoping exhaust chamber 4, flue gas overflows from exterior drain 8.
The present invention uses the exhaust pipe structure that spirally conducts heat from top to bottom, the helical structure of the spiral exhaustor 5 that conducts heat It can be made to contact with water as much as possible, it is achieved the fully transmission of heat, meanwhile, spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 is internal because of water steaming Air cooling is coagulated the water droplet of generation and will be drained into exhaust chamber 4 by spiral heat transfer exhaustor 5 due to structure from top to bottom, and passes through Exhaust chamber 4 drains into exterior drain 8, thus avoid the spiral internal hydrops of heat transfer exhaustor 5 or hydrops to inner bag 3 and The problem of combustor 2 reflux.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Any amendment, equivalent or the improvement etc. made within god and principle, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler, it is characterised in that include totally enclosed type shell (1), combustor (2) and combustor (2) the some inner bags (3) connected and exhaust chamber (4);
Described combustor (2) is arranged on shell (1) interior lower end, and combustor (2) side is provided with combustion barrel (10), described combustion barrel (10) being connected with combustor (11), described combustion barrel (10) is connected through described shell (1) with internal combustion chamber (2);
In described inner bag (3) is fixed in shell (1), inner bag (3) bottom connects with combustor (2), inner bag (3) be provided with some oneself Upper and the lower exhaustor that spirally conducts heat (5), described spiral heat transfer exhaustor (5) one end is the air inlet that conducts heat, and the other end is Heat transfer gas outlet (6), described spiral heat transfer exhaustor (5) is connected with inner bag (3) by heat transfer air inlet, row of spirally conducting heat Trachea (5) is connected with exhaust chamber (4) by described heat transfer gas outlet (6);
It is internal that described exhaust chamber (4) is arranged on shell (1), and exhaust chamber (4) is internal is provided with water seal structure, described exhaust chamber (4) On be connected to external exhaust gas pipeline (7) and exterior drain (8).
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described inner bag (3) has two, Two inner bags (3) are disposed side by side on combustor (2).
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described spiral heat transfer is arranged Trachea (5) is looped around inner bag (3) outside in the shape of a spiral.
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described spiral heat transfer exhaustor (5) quantity has more than three.
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that each spiral heat transfer exhaustor (5) heat transfer air inlet connection diverse location on inner bag (3).
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that each spiral heat transfer exhaustor (5) heat transfer gas outlet (6) arranged in parallel also connects with exhaust chamber (4) respectively.
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described water seal structure memory has Condensed water, is used for stoping exhaust chamber (4) interior flue gas to overflow from exterior drain (8).
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described inner bag (3) top is provided with Fixing pipe (9), described fixing pipe (9) one end is fixed on inner bag (3), and the other end fixes with shell (1) inwall.
A kind of high-efficiency energy-saving gas-fired boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described combustor (11) is arranged on Shell (1) is outside.
CN201610336964.2A 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler Pending CN106016234A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610336964.2A CN106016234A (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610336964.2A CN106016234A (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Efficient energy saving gas-fired boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106016234A true CN106016234A (en) 2016-10-12

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2924398Y (en) * 2006-06-26 2007-07-18 张福秀 Coal-saving instant-heating boiler
US20070209606A1 (en) * 2004-05-11 2007-09-13 Tetsurou Hamada Heat Exchanger and Water Heater
US20090151653A1 (en) * 2007-12-13 2009-06-18 Bock Water Heaters, Inc. Water Heater with Condensing Flue
CN201429206Y (en) * 2009-07-08 2010-03-24 张福秀 Multi-hearth highly-effective energy-saving environment-friendly boiler
CN101846464A (en) * 2008-12-16 2010-09-29 费罗利公司 Spiral heat exchanger for producing heating and/or sanitary use hot water, specifically designed for condensation applications
CN103398467A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-11-20 天津市正焱节能采暖设备有限公司 High-heat efficiency hot-water boiler with function o f multi-stage heating

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070209606A1 (en) * 2004-05-11 2007-09-13 Tetsurou Hamada Heat Exchanger and Water Heater
CN2924398Y (en) * 2006-06-26 2007-07-18 张福秀 Coal-saving instant-heating boiler
US20090151653A1 (en) * 2007-12-13 2009-06-18 Bock Water Heaters, Inc. Water Heater with Condensing Flue
CN101846464A (en) * 2008-12-16 2010-09-29 费罗利公司 Spiral heat exchanger for producing heating and/or sanitary use hot water, specifically designed for condensation applications
CN201429206Y (en) * 2009-07-08 2010-03-24 张福秀 Multi-hearth highly-effective energy-saving environment-friendly boiler
CN103398467A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-11-20 天津市正焱节能采暖设备有限公司 High-heat efficiency hot-water boiler with function o f multi-stage heating

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Application publication date: 20161012