CN106014442B - A kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up - Google Patents

A kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106014442B
CN106014442B CN201610532036.3A CN201610532036A CN106014442B CN 106014442 B CN106014442 B CN 106014442B CN 201610532036 A CN201610532036 A CN 201610532036A CN 106014442 B CN106014442 B CN 106014442B
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China
Prior art keywords
way
transverse passage
escape
tunnel
rescue
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CN201610532036.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106014442A (en
Inventor
白国权
李志厚
陈树汪
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云南省交通规划设计研究院
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Priority to CN201610532036.3A priority Critical patent/CN106014442B/en
Publication of CN106014442A publication Critical patent/CN106014442A/en
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Publication of CN106014442B publication Critical patent/CN106014442B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/14Layout of tunnels or galleries; Constructional features of tunnels or galleries, not otherwise provided for, e.g. portals, day-light attenuation at tunnel openings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F11/00Rescue devices or other safety devices, e.g. safety chambers or escape ways

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up, belong to highway engineering technical field.The present invention be directed between highway Dan Dong and double holes that distance is excessive or the discrepancy in elevation it is excessive in, long and super long tunnel, set not possessing between double holes in the case of interconnection condition, according to the relation of tunnel location and periphery massif, the escape and rescue transverse passage-way on straight-through ground be set.The transverse passage-way includes main hole intersection, passage barrel section and floor outlet, and passage barrel section can be set to climbing type, flat slope type, lower shelving by longitudinal slope situation;According to ground export place looks and structures situation, floor outlet connects existing means of transportation or smooth location, and outlet need to set segregator barriers to go along with sb. to guard him.With transverse passage-way is set between the double holes of conventional separate tunnel and single hole tunnel set stop in emergency band or it is flat lead, compared with the Fire prevention scheme such as refuge chamber, have the advantages that to suit measures to local conditions, set in flexible, tunnel indicator of trapped personnel to run through transverse passage-way to escape or succoured to safety area outside hole.

Description

A kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up

Technical field

The invention belongs to highway engineering technical field, and in particular to a kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way setting side Method.

Background technology

《Vcehicular tunnel design specification》(JTG_D70-2004)Regulation, the independent double holes vcehicular tunnels of uplink and downlink separate type it Between should set transverse passage-way:People's row transverse passage-way sets spacing to can use 250m, and cannot be greater than 500m;The setting spacing of garage's transverse passage-way can 750m is taken, and cannot be greater than 1000m.Namely in can be regarded as, long, super long tunnel is considered as setting Fire prevention passway for escaping.

In recent years, with society and expanding economy, part vcehicular tunnel is because of operation or the needs of service stage(Such as traffic Amount increase)And reorganization and expansion is carried out, it is relatively conventional to increase a width tunnel newly on existing width highway foundation in reorganization and expansion form It is a kind of;But new amplification tunnel and original width are occurred that therewith(It is not necessarily tunnel corresponding road section)Between Fire prevention, that is, set The problem of putting transverse passage-way --- the tunnel list hole of a newly-increased width may be limited to following factor, its rescue passage be difficult to entirely by reference to The newly-built tunnel situation of separate type, double width is laid:The line position of newly-built width and existing width highway is non-parallel in the plane(Even The angle of cut is larger)Or apart from apart from each other;The larger discrepancy in elevation be present in new and old two width highway;Old road corresponding with newly built tunnels structure It is not necessarily or non-fully tunnel etc. to build thing.

On the other hand, typically, for separate single hole tunnel, do not consider to set transverse passage-way as escape and rescue passage, but With socio-economic development, Fire prevention problem has also seemed more and more important in tunnel.

Based on foregoing two kinds of situations, the present invention proposes a kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up, this method Suit measures to local conditions, set flexibly, can facilitate in tunnel indicator of trapped personnel run through transverse passage-way escape or succoured to outside hole safely Band.

The content of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is more than 500m vcehicular tunnel for length to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, when During for separate single hole or not possess the double holes for setting interconnection condition, a kind of method that transverse passage-way is flexibly set is proposed.

To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:

A kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up, step are as follows:

As length of tunnel L > 500m, and it is separate single hole or does not possess under the operating mode in double holes of setting interconnection condition, The setting of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way is carried out, method to set up is as follows:

The escape and rescue transverse passage-way includes main hole intersection, the passage hole being sequentially connected from tunnel to transverse passage-way export direction Figure and floor outlet;

Each tunnel sets one or more escape and rescue transverse passage-ways according to its length;If set multiple escape and rescues horizontal Passage, then the main hole intersection of two neighboring escape and rescue transverse passage-way should meet to require as follows:Two neighboring people's row escape and rescue Transverse passage-way is at a distance of≤500m, and two neighboring garage's escape and rescue transverse passage-way is at a distance of≤1000m;

The setting of longitudinal slope must meet to require as follows:People's row transverse passage-way should≤50%, and as > 20% set mark time step and Handrail;Garage's transverse passage-way answers≤10%;

Escape and rescue transverse passage-way floor outlet is connected with existing means of transportation or smooth location outside hole, when not possessing existing friendship When logical facility or smooth location condition, linking-up road or artificial platform need to be set up;Floor outlet position should be located at mountain slope stability, Without geological disaster point(Paragraph or position i.e. without the disaster such as serious bias and landslide, collapse rock-fall, mud-rock flow);

Transverse passage-way floor outlet peripheral hardware segregator barriers, the laying of fence should meet the setting requirements of traffic safety facilities;

When transverse passage-way is that ground is led in climbing, counter-slope, and the gradient > 0.3% of counter-slope are must be provided with hole.

It is further preferred that two neighboring people's row escape and rescue transverse passage-way, at a distance of being 250m, two neighboring garage escapes It is apart 750m to rescue transverse passage-way.

It is further preferred that it is respectively provided with fire resistant doorsets at main hole intersection and floor outlet.

Garage's transverse passage-way of the present invention has the function of someone's row passway for escaping concurrently, and when simultaneously car and people need to dredge When dissipating, people's row major.It is directly to walk in passage when i.e. people is escaped by garage's transverse passage-way(It is not to walk in side), now car It can not stop or travel in garage's transverse passage-way.

The dark hole section of the passage barrel section of a transverse passage-way of the present invention actually narrow-bore tunnel, its longitudinal slope is according to intersection and hole Elevation relativeness between mouthful determines.

Floor outlet is that transverse passage-way goes out hole, and the hole may be with existing backroad or another width highway subgrade, woods Ground or arable land, artificial platform etc. are connected;The hole is also provided with fire resistant doorsets together.

Hole facility of the present invention, that is, set segregator barriers etc. to go along with sb. to guard him facility, mainly in transverse passage-way unused state from To the function of isolating, prevent personnel, vehicle, animal etc. to be strayed into;At the same time it can also provide a boundary of safe region, at this In bounds, the personnel to be escaped by transverse passage-way from tunnel by rescue out are comparatively safe.

Compared with prior art, its advantage is the present invention:

The inventive method is suited measures to local conditions, set flexibly, can when the condition of interconnection between not possessing setting double-hole tunnel The transverse passage-way for leading to ground is set according to tunnel and periphery massif, the relation of structures;In the case of emergency episode in tunnel Indicator of trapped personnel can run through transverse passage-way escape or be succoured to safety area outside hole.Transverse passage-way of the present invention by main hole intersection, Passage barrel section, floor outlet, hole facility etc. part form, suitable for vcehicular tunnel length more than 500m separate single hole or Do not possess double holes that lateral connection passage is set.

Interconnection is set between the double holes of separate tunnel of routine, and single hole tunnel set stop in emergency band or it is flat lead, The Fire prevention scheme such as refuge chamber compares:With suit measures to local conditions, set flexibly, in tunnel indicator of trapped personnel can run through it is horizontal logical Escape or succoured to outside hole the advantages that safety area in road;Especially, conventional rescue method be personnel from accidents such as fire Point is fled from(Or succoured)The comparatively safe area of other paragraphs in tunnel, and this rescue method is personnel directly flees from(Or Succoured)The safety area on ground outside to tunnel, the ' dispersing psychology of rescue effect, personnel from reality(And respective behavior)Deng side Face the present invention program has clear advantage;The present invention program is compared with the Fire prevention scheme of routine, in the accident feelings such as fire Under condition, staff in tunnel escape time greatly shortens, and entirety escape probability can improve 20% or so.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the escape and rescue transverse passage-way horizontal layout schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, and the embodiment connects for floor outlet Connect the operating mode of existing means of transportation;

Fig. 2 is the escape and rescue transverse passage-way horizontal layout schematic diagram of another embodiment of the invention, and the embodiment is ground Outlet connection forest land or the operating mode in arable land;

Fig. 3 show the escape and rescue transverse passage-way horizontal layout schematic diagram of the further embodiment present invention, and the embodiment is Floor outlet connects the operating mode of artificial platform;

Fig. 4 show the escape and rescue transverse passage-way vertical section arrangement schematic diagram of present aspect.

Wherein, 1, the main hole in tunnel;2nd, safety area outside transverse passage-way hole;2a, existing means of transportation;2b, forest land or arable land; 2c, artificial platform;3rd, passage barrel section;4th, main hole intersection;5th, floor outlet;6th, segregator barriers;7th, sidewalk or connecting taxiway are set Apply.

Fig. 1~Fig. 3 mesorelief(Contour)And other structures in periphery etc. are only the signal according to embodiment, with nothing of the present invention The figure of pass is without indicating and explaining, in order to avoid obscure.

H1 is the elevation of transverse passage-way and main hole interface in Fig. 4, and h2 is the elevation at transverse passage-way hole, and L is transverse passage-way Longitudinal slope calculates segment length;As (h2-h1) ÷ L > 0, transverse passage-way is climbing type;During < 0, for lower shelving;It is flat slope type when=0.

Embodiment

With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.

It will be understood to those of skill in the art that the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and it should not be regarded as limiting this hair Bright scope.In the examples where no specific technique or condition is specified, according to the technology or condition described by document in the art Or carried out according to product description.The unreceipted production firm person of product used, it is the conventional production that can be obtained by buying Product.

As Figure 1-4, a kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up, comprises the following steps:

As length of tunnel L > 500m, and it is separate single hole or does not possess under the operating mode in double holes of setting interconnection condition, The setting of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way is carried out, method to set up is as follows:

The escape and rescue transverse passage-way includes main hole intersection, the passage hole being sequentially connected from tunnel to transverse passage-way export direction Figure and floor outlet;

Each tunnel sets one or more escape and rescue transverse passage-ways, two neighboring escape and rescue transverse passage-way according to its length Main hole intersection should meet to require as follows:Two neighboring people's row escape and rescue transverse passage-way is at a distance of≤500m, two neighboring garage Escape and rescue transverse passage-way is at a distance of≤1000m;

The setting of longitudinal slope must meet to require as follows:People's row transverse passage-way should≤50%, and as > 20% set mark time step and Handrail;Garage's transverse passage-way answers≤10%;Preferably two neighboring people's row escape and rescue transverse passage-way is at a distance of 250m, two neighboring car Row escape and rescue transverse passage-way is at a distance of 750m.

Described garage's transverse passage-way has the function of someone's row passway for escaping concurrently, and when car and people need evacuation simultaneously, People's row major.

Escape and rescue transverse passage-way floor outlet is connected with existing means of transportation or smooth location outside hole, when not possessing existing friendship When logical facility or smooth location condition, linking-up road or artificial platform need to be set up;Floor outlet position should be located at mountain slope stability, Geological conditions is compared with benefit, paragraph or position without the disaster such as serious bias and landslide, collapse rock-fall, mud-rock flow);

Transverse passage-way floor outlet peripheral hardware segregator barriers, the laying of fence should meet the setting requirements of traffic safety facilities;

When transverse passage-way is that ground is led in climbing, counter-slope, and the gradient > 0.3% of counter-slope are must be provided with hole;

Fire resistant doorsets are respectively provided with main hole intersection and floor outlet.

Passage barrel section of the present invention must is fulfilled for the basic demand of people's row, or meets that people's row and the basic of garage will.

The route of escape is to escape from the main hole in tunnel to safety area outside hole:Personnel in the main hole 1 in tunnel find escape nearby Outlet, by the main hole in tunnel and the main hole intersection 4 of transverse passage-way, open fire resistant doorsets, by the passage barrel section 3 of transverse passage-way escape to Passway, i.e. floor outlet 5, and the fire resistant doorsets at this are opened, finally reach safety area 2 outside transverse passage-way hole(This region position Existing means of transportation 2a may be connected by putting, and may be forest land or arable land 2b, it is also possible to be artificial platform 2c), escape successfully;With generation Number represent escape pass through various regions dot sequency be 1 → 4 → 3 → 5 → 2.

The route of rescue is to enter outside hole in the main hole in tunnel, rescue worker, then is escaped from from main hole to outside hole:As rescue people When member enters main hole outside hole via transverse passage-way, the safety area 2 outside transverse passage-way hole(This regional location may connect existing friendship Logical facility 2a, may be forest land or arable land 2b, it is also possible to be artificial platform 2c), open transverse passage-way mouth(That is floor outlet)At 5 Fire resistant doorsets, the passage barrel section 3 through transverse passage-way, reach main hole intersection 4, and into the main hole 1 in tunnel, the process is represented with code name The various regions dot sequency of process is 2 → 5 → 3 → 4 → 1;After taking rescue measure, then appear by 1 → 4 → 3 → 5 → 2 orders, reach Safety zone, complete rescue operations.

General principle, principal character and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
As length of tunnel L > 500m, and under the operating mode in separate single hole or the double holes for not possessing setting interconnection condition, to carry out The setting of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way, method to set up are as follows:
The escape and rescue transverse passage-way includes main hole intersection, the passage barrel section being sequentially connected from tunnel to transverse passage-way export direction And floor outlet;
Each tunnel sets one or more escape and rescue transverse passage-ways according to its length;If setting multiple escape and rescue transverse passage-ways, Then the main hole intersection of two neighboring escape and rescue transverse passage-way should meet to require as follows:Two neighboring people's row escape and rescue transverse passage-way At a distance of≤500m, two neighboring garage's escape and rescue transverse passage-way is at a distance of≤1000m;
The setting of longitudinal slope must meet to require as follows:People's row transverse passage-way answers≤50%, and mark time step and handrail are set as > 20%; Garage's transverse passage-way answers≤10%;
Escape and rescue transverse passage-way floor outlet is connected with existing means of transportation or smooth location outside hole, is set when not possessing existing traffic Apply or during smooth location condition, linking-up road or artificial platform need to be set up;Floor outlet position should be located at mountain slope stability, without ground Matter disaster point;
Transverse passage-way floor outlet peripheral hardware segregator barriers, the laying of fence should meet the setting requirements of traffic safety facilities;
When transverse passage-way is that ground is led in climbing, counter-slope, and the gradient > 0.3% of counter-slope are must be provided with hole.
2. vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up according to claim 1, it is characterised in that two neighboring people For row escape and rescue transverse passage-way at a distance of being 250m, two neighboring garage's escape and rescue transverse passage-way is apart 750m.
3. vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up according to claim 1, it is characterised in that intersect in main hole Fire resistant doorsets are respectively provided with mouthful and at floor outlet.
CN201610532036.3A 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of vcehicular tunnel escape and rescue transverse passage-way method to set up CN106014442B (en)

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CN109386303A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-02-26 云南省交通投资建设集团有限公司 A kind of broken-line type fire escape construction method for highway double width tunnel

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CN201202492Y (en) * 2008-06-16 2009-03-04 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Multifunctional emergency rescue channel of city large-scale tunnel
CN201581920U (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-09-15 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Emergency evacuation and rescue system of side gallery arranged on single-line rail transportation tunnel
CN102155233B (en) * 2011-04-21 2013-07-10 上海市城市建设设计研究院 Tunnel excavation construction method
CN102383807B (en) * 2011-09-28 2013-07-31 上海市城市建设设计研究院 Longitudinal evacuation structure of underground tunnel and underground tunnel
FR3025829B1 (en) * 2014-09-15 2020-05-08 Bouygues Travaux Publics Method and installation for mechanized excavation of a communication rame between two traffic tunnels or between two vertical wells.
CN104632228B (en) * 2014-12-19 2017-04-12 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Main track entering construction method for cross aisle and cross aisle

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Address after: No. 9, Shijia lane, Tuo Dong Road, Kunming, Yunnan

Patentee after: Yunnan Transportation Planning & Design Research Institute Co., Ltd.

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