CN106013454B - Building and method of construction based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure - Google Patents

Building and method of construction based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106013454B
CN106013454B CN201610475800.8A CN201610475800A CN106013454B CN 106013454 B CN106013454 B CN 106013454B CN 201610475800 A CN201610475800 A CN 201610475800A CN 106013454 B CN106013454 B CN 106013454B
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China
Prior art keywords
component
bar
concrete
steel
reinforcement cage
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CN201610475800.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106013454A (en
Inventor
张宏
张军军
丛勐
罗佳宁
刘聪
印江
冯世虎
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东南大学
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Priority to CN201610475800.8A priority Critical patent/CN106013454B/en
Publication of CN106013454A publication Critical patent/CN106013454A/en
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Publication of CN106013454B publication Critical patent/CN106013454B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/342Structures covering a large free area, whether open-sided or not, e.g. hangars, halls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/20Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. with reinforcements or tensioning members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/34Columns; Pillars; Struts of concrete other stone-like material, with or without permanent form elements, with or without internal or external reinforcement, e.g. metal coverings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/0604Prismatic or cylindrical reinforcement cages composed of longitudinal bars and open or closed stirrup rods
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/0604Prismatic or cylindrical reinforcement cages composed of longitudinal bars and open or closed stirrup rods
    • E04C5/0609Closed cages composed of two or more coacting cage parts, e.g. transversally hinged or nested parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F17/00Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage
    • E04F17/02Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage for carrying away waste gases, e.g. flue gases; Building elements specially designed therefor, e.g. shaped bricks or sets thereof
    • E04F17/023Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage for carrying away waste gases, e.g. flue gases; Building elements specially designed therefor, e.g. shaped bricks or sets thereof made of masonry, concrete or other stone-like material; Insulating measures and joints therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F17/00Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage
    • E04F17/08Vertical ducts; Channels, e.g. for drainage for receiving utility lines, e.g. cables, pipes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of building and method of construction based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, including the structure of vertical structure reinforced concrete member, reinforced beam, reinforced concrete floor composition and the plug-in peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination being arranged in structure periphery;Structure is formed by Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component after casting concrete, Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component is assembled by prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage Component composition, and prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component is precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component or prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component.The present invention can realize super-large component assembly and armored concrete big structure space civil buildings, simplify process, reduce working at height, reduce cost of wheeling, improve efficiency, scene positioning is convenient, and technique is controllable, while improving comprehensive functional, assembly fault-tolerance and the repair convenience of entire peripheral protecting system.

Description

Building and method of construction based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure

Technical field

The invention belongs to building engineering field, it is related to a kind of building based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure It builds and method of construction.

Background technology

Reinforced concrete structure is answered extensively due to the advantages such as globality, durability, fire protecting performance and anti-seismic performance be good With.Existing reinforced concrete structure be mainly included in construction site set up template, configuration reinforcement, disturbing concrete and build up whole Body formula reinforced concrete structure, and using in the ready-made reinforced concrete member of factory or construction site, scene is in place Integral reinforced concrete structure is formed afterwards.Two kinds of ways all refer to structure or component inside reinforcing bar allocation problem, existing arrangement of reinforcement Technology is also broadly divided into two kinds:

After erected on site template, worker is as workbench using complete manual arrangement of reinforcement, worker's working at height peace Full blast danger is high, and efficiency hand-manipulated is low and precision is not easy to control, and arrangement of reinforcement dimensional discrepancy is big, and the reinforced concrete structure of formation often goes out The mass defects such as existing reinforcing steel bars exposed or thickness of concrete cover are uneven, or even the leakage muscle because occurring during artificial arrangement of reinforcement, The problems such as sprain, causes finally to pour the Bearing Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Structures to be formed reduction or lose.

Another kind is the components such as building site or prefabrication reinforced beam, column, plate, to connection after being transported to scene in place Position of joints carries out artificial arrangement of reinforcement.To meet precast concrete bonding strength requirement, the arrangement of reinforcement complexity and steel of connecting node Muscle is intensive, and handwork space is very narrow, and difficulty of construction is big, and bar connecting quality and intensity are difficult to ensure, and then influences steel The strength and stability of tendon concrete structure entirety.

Existing PC components (full precast reinforced concrete component) are from great, and transhipment, lifting, location difficulty, scene need to be built A large amount of interim Auxiliary support facilities;In assembling process, vertical node need to use slurry anchor connection, technology to require high, mortar depositing construction work Skill and quality control method are complicated;Lateral node need to use the sides such as cast-in-place template support, pre-embedded steel slab welding, high-strength bolt connection Formula connects, complex process, of high cost, poor reliability, and it is existing not meet country《Code for design of concrete structures》, correlation must be passed through It could be used after being expounded through peer review or identify of Departmental organization.

Building enclosure refers to enclosing wall, door, the window etc. of space surrounding, is to constitute space, resists environment not The component (also including certain accessories) that profit influences.Peripheral structure includes exterior wall, roof, side window, external door etc., to resist wind Rain, temperature change, solar radiation etc. should have heat preservation, heat-insulated, sound insulation, waterproof, moisture-proof, fire resisting, resistance to performance of waiting so long.Peripheral protective The material of structure has brick, stone, soil, concrete, fiber cement board, steel plate, aluminium alloy plate, glass, fiberglass and plastics etc..Periphery Protection structure can be divided into single layer and MULTILAYER COMPOSITE two classes by construction:Brick wall, concrete walls, the gold of for example various thickness of monolayer constructions Belong to die mould board wall, asbestos cement board wall and glass board wall etc.:MULTILAYER COMPOSITE constructs building enclosure can be according to different requirements and combination Material property layering setting, usual outer layer be protective layer, centre for heat preservation or thermal insulation layer (can also set every vapor film when necessary), it is interior Layer is interior surface layers, each layer or using skeleton as supporting structure, or using the interior protective layer of enhancing as supporting structure.

Flue is the discharge flue of cooking stove in building.The ascending motion that general flue is generated by Air Temperature Difference is arranged naturally Cigarette, flue cross section are accumulated depending on exhaust smoke level.Flue is mostly used brick masonry, it is also possible to armored concrete prefabricated pipe or vitrified-clay pipe, section Can be rectangular, rectangle, round or ellipse etc..Walling of flue inner surface require light put down it is tight, stuffy, do not leak cigarette, few dust.It is low Layer building is often respectively set independent flue by cooking stove, multilayer or skyscraper then multi-purpose composite flue, in the proper site of female flue Ash disposal mouth must be set, to remove cigarette ash.

Rainwater down pipe, equipment pipe, upper and lower conduit road, electric power cable pipe, Gas Pipe or signal cable Guan Jun in building at present For scattering device, or it is pre-buried in the construction construction stage of building or be laid in building structure, fender body penetration pipe, or Person punches in follow-up finishing, installation, places penetration pipe.

Invention content

Technical problem:The present invention, which provides one kind, can realize existing component and the impossible super-large component assembly of technique With armored concrete big structure space civil buildings, process is simplified, working at height is reduced, reduces cost of wheeling, improved Efficiency, scene positioning is convenient, and technique is controllable, while improving the comprehensive functional of entire peripheral protecting system, assembly fault-tolerance With repair convenience, improve installation accuracy and efficiency, simplify technique, substantially increase work efficiency, hanging device utilization rate and The building and method of construction based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure of safety.

Technical solution:The building based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure of the present invention, including vertically tie Structure reinforced concrete member, reinforced beam, the structure of reinforced concrete floor composition and plug-in setting are in the structure The peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination of body periphery;The structure is by Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component shape after casting concrete At the Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component is by prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab Steel reinforcement cage Component composition is assembled, and the prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component is for precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component or in advance Column steel reinforcement cage component processed.Precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component include multiple prefabricated edge constraint components, with the prefabricated edge about The reinforced mesh of beam component connection and the form removal of exempting from being mounted on the outside of the reinforced mesh, wall of the reinforced mesh along shear wall It is arranged at face, all prefabricated edge constraint components are centered around interior and link together, positioning mounting and steel is crossed by Mian Chai Netcoms Muscle mesh sheet is linked together.Prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component includes concrete-bar component and exempts from form removal, described to exempt from form removal cloth along the cylinder of column If being centered around interior by concrete-bar component and being integrally connected.Precast beam reinforced bar cage component includes concrete-bar component and the reinforcing bar group Form removal is exempted from part connection, and the concrete-bar component is formed by connecting by horizontal steel bar, stirrup, described to exempt from front and back side of the form removal along precast beam Face and bottom surface are laid, and are linked together by positioning mounting and concrete-bar component.Precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component includes bed die, peace Steel bar girder above the bed die, the bed die include multiple vertical support formworks arranged in parallel, adjacent vertical are held two The lateral support template of several lateral support templates being arranged between flask board, the vertical support formwork and both sides is linked as one Body, the steel bar girder transversely support formwork top setting, and by the reinforcing bar above vertical support formwork is arranged by all steel Muscle truss is connected as one, and the reinforcing bar and steel bar girder connect installation with vertical support formwork simultaneously.

The peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination includes concrete external wall panel, flue Side fascia, the pipe being arranged along architecture enclosing Corridor Side fascia and curtain wall panel, the flue Side fascia is corresponding with the smoke discharging pipe at each point of family in building to be installed and is connected to, described Rainwater down pipe in piping lane Side fascia and building, equipment pipe, each point of family upper and lower conduit road, electric power cable pipe, Gas Pipe or signal Cable tube, which corresponds to, to be installed and is connected to.Concrete external wall panel, flue Side fascia, piping lane Side fascia and curtain wall panel pass through connector spiral shell It is hung on building structure outside the form of bolt installation positioning, multiple concrete external wall panel intervals setting on building, two-phase Flue Side fascia, piping lane Side fascia or curtain wall panel are installed between adjacent concrete external wall panel.

Further, in present invention building, precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component is linear type, T shapes, L-shaped, H-shaped or Z-shaped knot In the component of structure, the T-shaped structure and H-shaped structure, including two kinds of prefabricated edge constraint component, one kind being located at web structure It is a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and tie hoop, another position at part and wing plate component outer ledge It in web component and wing plate component intersection, is made of four above-mentioned reinforcement components, one of reinforcement component is located at web structure Part and wing plate component cross join domain, and excess-three is arranged close to three sides of the reinforcement component, and four reinforcement components exist Web direction and wing plate direction are connected as one by horizontal hoop respectively.In the component of the L-shaped structure and zigzag configuration, packet Two kinds of prefabricated edge constraint component is included, one kind is located at component outer ledge, is connected by Vertical Reinforcement and tie hoop A reinforcement component made of connecing, another kind are located at L-shaped intersection, are connected two-by-two by horizontal hoop by three above-mentioned reinforcement components It connects, the L-shaped that one of reinforcement component is located at component crosses join domain, two close to the reinforcement component of other two Side is arranged.

Further, in present invention building, prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component uses one kind in following two structures:

A) one concrete-bar component is only set, the concrete-bar component is a reinforcing bar being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and stirrup Component exempts from form removal and directly lays on the outside of concrete-bar component and connect with stirrup by positioning mounting, to exempt from form removal and steel Muscle component is linked together;

B) multiple concrete-bar components are set, while the multiple concrete-bar component is constrained in into external hoop that is interior and being linked together Muscle, the concrete-bar component are a reinforcement components being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and stirrup, or are connected by Vertical Reinforcement and fastener A reinforcement component made of connecing exempts from form removal and externally lays and be attached thereto by positioning mounting in stirrup outside, thus will Exempt from form removal to be linked together with concrete-bar component.

Further, in present invention building, precast beam reinforced bar cage component uses one kind in following two structures:

A) one concrete-bar component is only set, exempt from form removal and directly lay along concrete-bar component front and back sides and bottom surface and connect with stirrup It is integrated.

B) multiple concrete-bar components are set, at the same be provided with will constrain the multiple concrete-bar component constrain in and be linked together External stirrup, exempt from form removal and connect with the external stirrup, is linked together with all concrete-bar components so that form removal will be exempted from.

Further, it in present invention building, in precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component, indulges support formwork and is handed over lateral support template Locating piece is provided at fork, the steel bar girder is fixedly connected on by locating piece on vertical support formwork, indulges support formwork as U Template component.

Further, in present invention building, the concrete-bar component edge of precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel The steel bar girder edge of muscle cage component is both provided with sleeve, has been fixed temporarily in concrete-bar component and steel bar girder detachable Pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar, the pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar after removal can horizontally in insertion sleeve with other steel reinforcement cages Component is attached assembly.

Further, in present invention building, flue Side fascia is the interior box-type member for being equipped with perforation flue, including built-in cigarette Road, outer framework and the panel being arranged on the outer framework, the outer framework is by being arranged the supporting rod on box-type member seamed edge Part is formed by connecting, and insulating layer is filled between the built-in chimney flue and panel.Piping lane Side fascia includes supporting member and buckling surface Plate, the supporting member and fastening panel can splice fastening, and formation is gone along with sb. to guard him in rainwater down pipe, equipment pipe, upper and lower conduit road, electric power Box piping lane component outside cable tube, Gas Pipe or signal cable pipe, the fastening panel inside are provided with insulating layer.

The architecture construction method based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure of the present invention, including following step Suddenly:

1) prefabricated edge constraint component, reinforced mesh made in factory, exempt from form removal, concrete-bar component, vertical support formwork, transverse direction Support formwork, concrete external wall panel, flue Side fascia, piping lane Side fascia, curtain wall panel;

2) prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage structure are assembled respectively Part, by prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage lifting component to station of constructing, installation positioning;

3) location and installation beam support device, then hoisting beam steel reinforcement cage component and be arranged in the support device, Beam steel cage component and prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component are linked together in connecting part;

4) then location and installation floor member support device lifts floor bar cage component and is arranged in the support device On, floor bar cage component is connected to beam steel cage component, prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component in connecting part respectively Together;

5) molding filling block is placed on the grid cell surrounded by vertical support formwork and lateral support template in bed die, and Installation positioning;

6) it is laid with reinforced mesh above steel bar girder, and positioning is installed;

7) to prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, the cavity of precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component Middle casting concrete, maintenance molding;

8) beam support device, floor member support device, bed die are removed, reinforced concrete structure body is finally obtained;

9) by peripheral protective lifting component to architecture enclosing, adjacent two peripheral protective component interval settings, and lead to respectively It crosses that a part of tie point is plug-in to be connected on building structure, carries out coarse positioning, reserved remaining tie point is used for peripheral protective The follow-up fine positioning of component, the peripheral protective component are concrete external wall panel, flue Side fascia, piping lane Side fascia or curtain wall panel;

10) fine positioning is carried out to the peripheral protective component that coarse positioning is completed, then by peripheral protective lifting component to two phases In the interval of adjacent peripheral protective component, positioning is connect with building structure, the connection for completing peripheral protective component and structure is installed.

Further, in the method for the present invention, prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component be precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component or The assembly method of prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component, the precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component is:

According to the design and distributed steel requirement of shear wall, by multiple prefabricated edge constraint component Distribution and localizations, then by reinforcing bar Mesh sheet is arranged along the metope of shear wall, and is connect with each prefabricated edge constraint component, thus by all prefabricated edge constraints Component links together;

It will exempt from form removal to lay along on the outside of reinforced mesh, be linked as the opposite form removal of exempting from component both sides using positioning mounting One;

The assembly method of the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component is:

By concrete-bar component Distribution and localization, it then will exempt from form removal and be arranged along at the cylinder of column, and be connected as with concrete-bar component One:For the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component of a concrete-bar component is only arranged, it will directly exempt from form removal and be laid on the outside of concrete-bar component And connect with stirrup, for the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component of multiple concrete-bar components is arranged, then need according to column design and Then external stirrup is arranged in multiple concrete-bar component Distribution and localizations by distributed steel requirement, constrain in interior by all concrete-bar components and connect It is integrated, finally externally form removal is exempted from setting on the outside of stirrup (6), and it is connect with external stirrup;

The opposite form removal of exempting from component both sides is linked together using positioning mounting;

The assembly method of the precast beam reinforced bar cage component is:

By concrete-bar component Distribution and localization, then will exempt from form removal and laid along the front and back sides of beam and bottom surface, and with reinforcing bar group Part is connected as one:For the precast beam reinforced bar cage component of a concrete-bar component is only arranged, it will directly exempt from form removal along concrete-bar component Front and back sides and bottom surface are laid and are connect with stirrup, for the precast beam reinforced bar cage component of multiple concrete-bar components is arranged, then The design and distributed steel requirement according to beam are needed, by multiple concrete-bar component Distribution and localizations, then external stirrup is set, by all reinforcing bars Component constraint inside and is connected as one, and is finally laid along the front and back sides of beam and bottom surface and is exempted from form removal, and by itself and external stirrup Connection;

The form removal of exempting from of component two sides and bottom surface is linked together using positioning mounting.

Further, in Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component of the invention manufacture assembly method, precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component Assembly method be:

Multiple vertical support formworks are arranged in parallel, several lateral support moulds are arranged between two adjacent vertical support formworks Plate, and itself and lateral support template are linked together;

Transversely support formwork lays installation reinforcing bar, installation reinforcing bar is laid above vertical support formwork, and pass through locating piece The steel bar girder of right-angled intersection and reinforcing bar are linked together, the locating piece simultaneously holds steel bar girder and reinforcing bar and the vertical of lower section Flask board is connected as one.

Further, it is installed and is positioned by bolt in the method for the present invention, between peripheral protective component and structure, step 9) In, concrete external wall panel interval is arranged and is installed, then lifts and install other kinds of peripheral protective component, institute in step 10) It is by Positioning Precision Control at 5 centimetres to state coarse positioning, the fine positioning be by Positioning Precision Control within positive and negative 3 millimeters.

Advantageous effect:Compared with prior art, the present invention haing the following advantages:

The present invention is combined by in-place forming reinforced concrete structure body and the peripheral protecting system two parts of stand alone type combination, Meet national reinforced concrete structural design specification in Force principle, aufbauprinciple.

Existing method is station left-hand seat work single steel bar combined type assembly at the scene, and the present invention uses component method arrangement of reinforcement, will Steel bar meter is meeting existing national cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete at the steel reinforcement cage component for meeting national armored concrete arrangement of reinforcement specification Industrialization Production line is realized under the premise of design specification.

The present invention is used manufactures basic reinforcing bar accessory in factory industry, as concrete-bar component, then with these steel Based on muscle component, various rigid reinforcement cage components are assembled, after further these components are linked and packed together, form one A complete reinforcement cage structure.The present invention is made of basic accessory, component classification is assembled, the field-installed technology road of big component Industrialization Production line is combined with Assembling, realizes the big component of rigid reinforcement cage, meet structure large space reinforcing bar by line The construction requirement of cage is no longer limited by factory and makes and the factors such as size, weight of transit link, can realize existing component and The impossible super-large component assembly of technique, realizes big structure space armored concrete civil buildings.The present invention passes through component With the reinforcing bar arrangement of reinforcement of rigid member, the production of factory of component metaplasia, the new industrialization shared out the work and helped one another is realized in big component multistage assembly It builds.

The present invention is classified industrialized primary structural component (concrete-bar component etc.) and assembles, and it is big to ultimately form the steel reinforcement cage with rigidity Component carries out follow-up building structure body construction after template system is combined, and simplifies subsequent installation process, reduces high-altitude work Industry disclosure satisfy that existing national cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete arrangement of reinforcement specification, realize the installation combination of reinforcing bar multiple step format.Further, since steel Muscle component can be readily transported, present invention reduces costs, improve efficiency, avoid transport in damage.

Being lifted into positioning tool on station in present invention process method, after Assembling again, (setting is in positioning support system On), it realizes the entire combination of rigid reinforcement cage component, big rigid reinforcement basket structure body is formed, by carrying out multiple step format again Bar connecting forms integral rigidity steel reinforcement cage big structure space, to realize large space under the premise of meeting national regulation The reinforcing bar assembly project of concrete structure.The present invention allocates convenient for construction, and assembling quality, efficiency and positioning support greatly improved Precision simplifies process, reduces assembly technology difficulty.Present invention employs the concepts of pre-assembled system can be with shape from heavy and light At the component of more large scale;Itself there is sufficiently rigid, suitable whole Transporting, lifting;Self-supporting can be stablized, only letter need to be set Single auxiliary supports, scene positioning is convenient, and technique is controllable.

It is existing that precast shear wall provided by the invention, beam, floor bar cage component meet country《The Concrete Structure Design is advised Model》, and industrialization flow line production can be carried out, member dead weight is light, can combine the component to form more large scale;Itself has It is sufficiently rigid, it is suitble to whole Transporting, lifting;Self-supporting can be stablized, auxiliary supports need to be only set, scene positioning is convenient.Institute After precast shear wall, beam, the plate steel reinforcement cage component stated lift in place at the scene, then carries out a small amount of connecting node craft arrangement of reinforcement and determine Position assembling work, therefore process is simpler efficiently.

Precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention by prefabricated edge constraint component, reinforced mesh, exempt from form removal and constitute, it is prefabricated Column steel reinforcement cage component is by concrete-bar component and exempts from form removal and constitutes, and from heavy and light, can form larger sized component;Itself have enough Rigidity is suitble to whole Transporting, lifting;Self-supporting can be stablized, simple auxiliary support frame need to be only set, scene positioning is convenient.

In precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention, prefabricated edge constraint component is independently arranged, and passes through primary whole peace The reinforced mesh of dress links together all prefabricated edge constraint components, avoids binding one by one and connects prefabricated edge constraint structure Part substantially increases installation effectiveness, simplifies process, reduces labor intensity.

The setting for exempting from form removal allows free water diafiltration in part in concrete to fall, reduces the surface ratio of mud, improve concrete component Surface strength;The container effect for changing mold, reduces the lateral pressure to template;Exempt to tear steel net template open, enhances concrete The cracking resistance of component surface.

Precast reinforced cage component provided by the invention, which is provided with, exempts to tear open net mould, it is described exempt to tear open on net mould be provided with trepanning, can So that the free water section diafiltration of the concrete poured is fallen, the ratio of mud of cover concrete is reduced, to improve protective layer coagulation Native intensity;It is described to exempt to tear the container effect that the trepanning being arranged on net mould reduces conventional template open, cast-in-place concrete is reduced to mould The lateral pressure of plate;The constraint humidification for exempting to tear net mould open while playing similar grid cloth, improves shear wall surface Concrete cover cracking resistance, and the durability of reinforced concrete shear wall component is promoted in turn.

The precast reinforced cage component of the present invention by concrete-bar component, exempt from form removal and constitute, member dead weight is light, can form more large scale Component;Itself there is sufficiently rigid, suitable whole Transporting, lifting;Self-supporting can be stablized, it is not necessary that auxiliary supports are arranged, Scene positioning is convenient.

Precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component provided by the invention is equipped with vertical, horizontal support formwork and filling block, disposable to lift Template need not be set up again after in place, the steel bar girder in the precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component and vertical, horizontal support formwork tool There are enough rigidity and intensity, scene only needs to set up simple support facility, therefore process greatly simplifies, construction efficiency is higher. Vertical, horizontal support formwork is connect by bolt with steel bar girder bottom, after concreting molding, can conveniently and efficiently be torn open It removes.

The present invention is used manufactures basic accessory in factory industry, produces vertical support formwork, lateral support template, Then based on these basic units, cross arrangement forms bed die, is connect in the steel bar girder with top, forms one completely Floor bar cage component.The present invention is made of basic module factory, component classification is assembled, the field-installed technology of big component Industrialization Production line is combined with Assembling, realizes big component, meet the construction requirement of large space, no longer by route The factors such as size, the weight of factory's making and transit link are limited to, can realize that existing component and technique are impossible super Large-scale component assembles, and realizes big structure space armored concrete civil buildings.The steel that the present invention passes through component and rigid member Muscle arrangement of reinforcement, the production of factory of component metaplasia, big component multistage assembly realize that the new industrialization shared out the work and helped one another is built.

It is existing that in-place forming reinforced concrete structure body arrangement of reinforcement provided by the invention meets country《The Concrete Structure Design is advised Model》, internal arrangement of reinforcement formed using precast reinforced cage Component composition, and the precast reinforced cage component, which passes through, industrializes assembly line life Production forms the component of more large scale convenient for combination from heavy and light;The precast reinforced cage component itself have it is sufficiently rigid, be suitble to Whole Transporting, lifting;Self-supporting can be stablized, it is not necessary that auxiliary supports are arranged, scene positioning is convenient.The prefabricated shearing After wall, beam, plate steel reinforcement cage component lift in place at the scene, connecting node no longer needs to carry out manual arrangement of reinforcement binding operation, therefore work Sequence is simpler efficiently.

In the peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination of the invention, it is connect with structure stand alone type using peripheral protective component, peripheral protective Component is independently installed, realizes continuous splicing by the matched combined and connecting sewing of different component and the docking of insulating layer, has constituted Whole peripheral protecting system improves functionality, assembly fault-tolerance and the convenience of entire peripheral protecting system.

The big coagulation of the assembly technology that the present invention is combined using coarse positioning and fine positioning, first handling installation positioning difficulty Native Side fascia (weight plate), then light plate (flue Side fascia, piping lane Side fascia and curtain wall panel) is installed in handling again, can accurately be controlled Gap processed, improves installation accuracy and efficiency, is convenient for construction organization and allotment, reduces installation difficulty, realizes technique process letter Change and intensive, avoids waste.

For the present invention using interval lifting concrete external wall panel (weight plate), node is connected with and coarse positioning, can be accurate Control panel between gap, the fine positioning of plate of attaching most importance to provides convenient condition.Later outside to two adjacent lifting concrete After wallboard (weight plate) carries out fine positioning, then light plate is installed in handling, improves the installation of each individual member and entire peripheral protecting system Positioning accuracy simplifies technique, substantially increases work efficiency and hanging device utilization rate.

In the peripheral structure system of the present invention, the plug-in of the unified setting of the access of the flue after family and custom-made will be divided Formula flue Side fascia, it is creative to be combined together flue and peripheral protective component and building structure, reduce in building floor Opening in structure and the destruction to component, simplify structure element type and shape, are conducive to its standardization;Flue exterior wall Plate is the standard component that batch production makes, thus enormously simplifies the technique of construction site, improves work efficiency.

In the peripheral structure system of the present invention, upper and lower conduit road, electric power cable pipe and signal cable after family will be divided The external hanging type piping lane Side fascia of the unified setting of the accesses such as pipe and custom-made, it is creative by pipeline passway and peripheral protective component and Building structure is combined together, and is reduced opening and element type in building structure, is simplified the shape of structure, Be conducive to its standardization;Piping lane Side fascia is the standard component that batch production makes, thus enormously simplifies the technique of construction site, is carried High work efficiency.Pipeline installs laying concentratedly, ensure that the function of equipment uses, improves safety, also both artistic and practical;Outside piping lane Observation, maintenance and construction opening are provided on wallboard, convenient for day rear line, the repair and maintenance of equipment.

Concrete external wall panel of the present invention, flue sheet etc. are all made of factorial praluction, and manufacture efficiency is high, quality is easily controllable. The peripheral structure component of a system may be combined to form larger sized component, is suitable for mechanical hoisting, is easy to position.Scene is not necessarily to wet work Industry, formwork and high-altitude outdoor working, construction go to factory or interior of building by outdoor, it is strong on the one hand to reduce worker's labour Degree, on the one hand ensure that safety of workers, improves work efficiency, so as to shorten the construction period.Scene is without setting up scaffold etc. Less important work facility can simplify construction procedure, saving construction cost.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the prefabricated edge constraint component schematic diagram in edge in precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage element structure;

Fig. 2 is reinforced mesh schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 a are L-shaped shear wall schematic diagram, and Fig. 3 b are T shape shear wall schematic diagrames, and Fig. 3 c are H-shaped shear wall schematic diagram, figure 3d is Z-shaped shear wall schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is the prefabricated edge constraint component schematic diagram in intersection in T shapes and H-shaped precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage element structure.

Fig. 5 is the prefabricated edge constraint component schematic diagram in intersection in L-shaped and Z-shaped precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage element structure;

Fig. 6 is the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component schematic diagram that a concrete-bar component is arranged;

Fig. 7 is the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component schematic diagram that multiple concrete-bar components are arranged;

Fig. 8 is concrete-bar component schematic diagram in precast beam;

Fig. 9 is the schematic cross-section of steel reinforcement cage component in precast beam of the present invention;

Figure 10 is the vertical view of Fig. 9;

Figure 11 is the elevation of Fig. 9

Figure 12 is the precast beam reinforced bar cage component schematic diagram that multiple concrete-bar components are arranged;

Figure 13 is bed die decomposition diagram;

Figure 14 is steel bar girder schematic diagram;

Figure 15 is the schematic diagram after bed die installation connecting element;

Figure 16 is the schematic diagram of bed die steel bar girder installation connection;

Figure 17 is steel bar girder and prefabrication and assembly construction activity reinforcement installation connection diagram;

Figure 18 is locating piece schematic diagram;

Figure 19 is Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component schematic diagram.

Figure 20 a are concrete external wall panel front schematic view, and Figure 20 b are concrete external wall panel schematic rear view;

Figure 21 a are flue Side fascia front schematic view, and Figure 21 b are flue Side fascia schematic rear view;

Figure 22 a are piping lane Side fascia front schematic view, and Figure 22 b are piping lane Side fascia schematic rear view;

Figure 23 is that complete stand alone type combines peripheral protective system schematic;

Connecting node figures of the Figure 24 between concrete external wall panel and building structure.

Have in figure:Prefabricated edge constraint component 1, reinforced mesh 2, exempt from form removal 3, horizontal hoop 4, concrete-bar component 5, bed die 6, Steel bar girder 7, external stirrup 8, sleeve 11, pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12, vertical support formwork 61, lateral support template 62, positioning Part 63, concrete external wall panel 100, flue Side fascia 101, piping lane Side fascia 102, curtain wall panel 103, insulating layer 104, supporting member 105, panel 106 is fastened.

Specific implementation mode

With reference to embodiment and Figure of description, the present invention is further illustrated.

The building based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure of the present invention, including vertical structure reinforced concrete Native component, reinforced beam, reinforced concrete floor composition structure and it is plug-in be arranged the structure periphery it is only Vertical Combination periphery protecting system;The structure is formed by Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component after casting concrete, described prefabricated Combined reinforced bar cage component is by prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component groups It attaches together made of matching, the prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component is precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component or prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage structure Part.

Precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component is linear type, T shapes, L-shaped, H-shaped or zigzag configuration, including multiple prefabricated edges are about Beam component 1, the reinforced mesh 2 being connect with the prefabricated edge constraint component 1 and it is mounted on the outside of the reinforced mesh 2 Exempt from form removal 3, each prefabricated edge constraint component 1 is independently arranged, and reinforced mesh 2 is arranged along the metope of shear wall, will be all pre- Edge constraint component 1 processed assembles together, described to exempt from form removal 3 and be linked together by positioning mounting and reinforced mesh 2.Its In exempt from form removal 3 using exempting to tear net mould or non-dismantling formwork open.

In a kind of embodiment, prefabricated edge constraint component 1 is by multiple Vertical Reinforcements, the spiral shell being looped around outside multiple Vertical Reinforcements Rotation stirrup is formed by connecting.In preferred embodiment, the screw pitch up and down of tie hoop takes 100mm, and vertical muscle is welded as one with tie hoop Body, the grid spacing 200mm of reinforced mesh, every 3 grids form one group, every group be correspondingly arranged a positioning mounting will be opposite Two reinforced mesh connect.

In the present invention, between the vertical muscle and tie hoop of prefabricated edge constraint component 1 and reinforced mesh 2 and prefabricated side Between edge confining part 1, welding, the equiprobable type of attachment of binding can be used.In specific Joining Technology, craft may be used Welding or binding, it is possible to use hand-held bonding machine or binding machine carry out semimechanized assembly.

In the precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention, outer surface is exempted from there are two types of the connection types between form removal:It is a kind of It is the interior solid method for being suitable for exempting to tear open net mould, another kind is outer solid method, other templates being suitable for except net mould.

In precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage member embodiment of the present invention, linear type, T shapes, L-shaped, H-shaped or Z-shaped etc. may be used Structure.Correspondingly, the structure of prefabricated edge constraint component 1 is divided to two kinds:

For the prefabricated edge constraint component 1, Yi Zhongwei of the component of T-shaped structure and H-shaped structure, including following two types It is a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and tie hoop at web component and wing plate component outer ledge, Another kind is located at web component and wing plate component intersection, is formed by connecting by horizontal hoop 4 by four above-mentioned reinforcement components, In a reinforcement component be located at web component and wing plate component and cross join domain, three close to the reinforcement component of excess-three Side is arranged, and two reinforcement components on web direction are linked together by horizontal hoop 4, three on wing plate direction Reinforcement component links together also by horizontal hoop 4.

For the prefabricated edge constraint component 1, Yi Zhongwei of the component of L-shaped structure and zigzag configuration, including following two types It is a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and tie hoop at component outer ledge, another kind is located at L-shaped phase At friendship, it is formed by connecting two-by-two by horizontal hoop 4 by three above-mentioned reinforcement components, one of reinforcement component is located at the L of component Shape crosses join domain, and other two is arranged close to two sides of the reinforcement component.

The present invention prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component, including concrete-bar component 5, along the cylinder of column lay exempt from form removal 3, exempt to tear open Mould 3 is linked together by positioning mounting and concrete-bar component 5.Wherein, concrete-bar component 5 can be by reinforcing bar or section steel manufacture and At.

In a kind of embodiment of prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component, use with lower structure:One concrete-bar component 5 is only set, it is described Concrete-bar component 5 is a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and stirrup, exempts from form removal 3 directly along 5 outside of concrete-bar component It lays and simultaneously connect with stirrup, so that form removal 3 will be exempted from and concrete-bar component 5 is linked together.This prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component is using When thick stirrup, arrangement of reinforcement mesh sheet steel reinforcement cage component molding in integral manufacture below may be used:Vertical Reinforcement is connected with stirrup At the reticular component of right-angled intersection, the reticular component is subjected to bending, both ends connect to form barreled component to get to prefabricated post Steel reinforcement cage component.

In another embodiment of prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component, multiple reinforcing bar groups are set according to the design and distributed steel requirement of column Part 5, while the external stirrup 6 of the multiple concrete-bar component of Constrained 5 is set, the concrete-bar component 5 is by Vertical Reinforcement and hoop The reinforcement component that muscle is formed by connecting, or a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and fastener, exempt from form removal 3 and institute The connection of external stirrup 6 is stated, is linked together with all concrete-bar components 5 to which form removal 3 will be exempted from.

It is similar with above-mentioned precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component, the connection of 5 interior fittings of concrete-bar component and concrete-bar component Welding, the equiprobable type of attachment of binding can be used in connection between 5 and external stirrup 6.It, can be in specific Joining Technology Using manual welding or binding, it is possible to use hand-held bonding machine or binding machine carry out semimechanized assembly.

Prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component is arranged in the preferred embodiment of multiple concrete-bar components 5, and 4 concrete-bar components are arranged at column angle 5, it is linked together by external stirrup 6.Certainly, it is arranged in the scheme of multiple concrete-bar components 5 in prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention, It is not limited to this specific embodiment, further includes the reinforcing bar group of other quantity under the premise of meeting the design and distributed steel requirement of column Part 5 and specific arrangement form.

The precast beam reinforced bar cage component of the present invention, includes being exempted from by what concrete-bar component 5, the front and back sides along beam and bottom surface were laid Form removal 3, described to exempt from form removal 3 and be linked together by positioning mounting and concrete-bar component 5, concrete-bar component 5 is connected by horizontal steel bar, stirrup It connects.Precast beam reinforced bar cage component in the present invention can be only made of a concrete-bar component 5, can also be by multiple reinforcing bar groups Part 5 is constituted.It is therein to exempt from form removal 3 and use dowel or edge frame using exempting to tear open net mould or non-dismantling formwork, positioning mounting.

In a kind of embodiment of the present invention, precast beam reinforced bar cage component is used with lower structure:One concrete-bar component is only set 5, exempt from form removal 3 and directly lays and be linked together with the stirrup of concrete-bar component 5, reinforcing bar group along 5 front and back sides of concrete-bar component and bottom surface Part 5 is formed by connecting by multiple horizontal steel bars, the stirrup being looped around outside multiple horizontal steel bars.This precast beam reinforced bar cage component makes When with thick stirrup, arrangement of reinforcement mesh sheet steel reinforcement cage component molding in integral manufacture below may be used:Horizontal steel bar and stirrup are connected It is connected into the reticular component of right-angled intersection, the reticular component is subjected to bending, both ends connect to form barreled component to get to prefabricated Beam steel cage component.

In another embodiment, according to the design and distributed steel requirement of beam, multiple concrete-bar components 5 are set, while being provided with about The external stirrup 8 of the multiple concrete-bar component of beam 5 is exempted from form removal 3 and connect with the external stirrup 8, to exempt from form removal 3 and own Concrete-bar component 5 is linked together.

In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the concrete-bar component edge is provided with sleeve 11, consolidates temporarily in concrete-bar component Surely there is dismountable pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12, the pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 after removal being capable of horizontally insertion sleeve It is tightened in 11 and by screw thread.When architecture construction, by precast beam reinforced bar cage lifting component in place after, by pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 connect with adjacent steel reinforcement cage component, and pour together.

In the present invention, concrete-bar component 5 is formed by connecting by multiple horizontal steel bars, the stirrup being looped around outside multiple horizontal steel bars. In preferred embodiment, the screw pitch up and down of tie hoop takes 100mm, and vertical muscle is welded as a whole with tie hoop, exempts from the grid of form removal Spacing 200mm, every 3 × 3 grids form one group, and every group is correspondingly arranged a positioning mounting and exempts from form removal company by opposite two It picks up and.

Reinforced beam in the present invention is formed by above-mentioned precast beam reinforced bar cage component after casting concrete.

Precast beam reinforced bar cage component assembling constructing method in the present invention, includes the following steps:

1) factory make concrete-bar component 5, exempt from form removal 3;

2) the precast beam reinforced bar cage component constituted for a concrete-bar component 5 is only arranged, will exempt from form removal 3 along concrete-bar component 1 Front and back sides and bottom surface are laid and are connect with stirrup, for the precast beam reinforced bar cage component of multiple concrete-bar components 5 is arranged, then The design and distributed steel requirement according to beam are needed, by 5 Distribution and localization of multiple concrete-bar components, then external stirrup 8 is set, by all steel It in muscle component 5 constrains in and is connected as one, is finally laid along the front and back sides of beam and bottom surface and exempt from form removal 3, and by itself and outside Stirrup 8 connects;

3) form removal 3 of exempting from of concrete-bar component two sides and bottom surface is linked together using positioning mounting.

In the present invention, between the horizontal steel bar and stirrup of concrete-bar component 5, and exempt between form removal 3 and concrete-bar component 5, Welding, the equiprobable type of attachment of binding can be used.In specific Joining Technology, manual welding or binding may be used, can also make Semimechanized assembly is carried out with hand-held bonding machine or binding machine.

In the precast beam reinforced bar cage component of the present invention, the connection type exempted between form removal in two sides and bottom surface is set There are two types of:One is suitable for exempting to tear open in net mould solid method, it is to exempt to tear net mould open to exempt from form removal 3 at this time, with net mould fixing piece by joist steel The net mould of exempting to tear open of two sides of muscle cage and bottom surface is linked together;Another kind is the outer solid method being combined with the template of other forms.

The present invention is arranged in the preferred embodiment of multiple concrete-bar components 5, and 4 concrete-bar components 5 are arranged in Liang Jiao, are bound round by outside Muscle 8 is linked together.Certainly, in the scheme that multiple concrete-bar components 5 are arranged in the present invention, it is not limited to this specific embodiment, Further include the concrete-bar component 5 of other quantity and specific arrangement form under the premise of meeting design and the distributed steel requirement of column.

The precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention, including bed die 6, the steel bar girder 7 mounted on 6 upside of the bed die, If the bed die 6 includes multiple vertical support formworks 61 arranged in parallel, is arranged between two adjacent vertical support formworks 61 Dry lateral support template 62, the vertical support formwork 61 and the lateral support template 62 of both sides are linked together, the steel bar girder 7 Transversely 62 top setting of support formwork, is provided with reinforcing bar above vertical support formwork 61, all steel bar girders 7 is connected as one Body, reinforcing bar and 7 right-angled intersection of steel bar girder, the two are also connected as one with vertical support formwork 61.Wherein vertical support formwork 61 with 62 infall of lateral support template is provided with locating piece 63, and the steel bar girder 7 is fixedly connected on by locating piece 63 and is laterally held On flask board 62.

In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, 7 edge of steel bar girder is provided with sleeve 11, is fixed temporarily in steel bar girder 7 There is dismountable pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12, the pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 after removal being capable of horizontally insertion sleeve 11 In, it is tightened by screw thread.When architecture construction, by precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage lifting component in place after, by pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 with the bar connecting in adjacent shear wall and column, and pour together.

In the present invention, it can be inverted U board member to indulge support formwork 61, and lateral support template 62 can be that board member is constituted Channel-shaped component.

The precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention, is assembled in accordance with the following methods:

1) multiple vertical support formworks 61 are arranged in parallel, several transverse directions are arranged between two adjacent vertical support formworks 61 Support formwork 62, and itself and lateral support template 62 are linked together;

2) transversely installation steel bar girder 7 is laid in 62 top of support formwork, and installation steel is laid above vertical support formwork 61 Muscle, and be linked together the steel bar girder 2 and reinforcing bar of right-angled intersection by locating piece 63, the locating piece 63 is simultaneously by reinforcing bar purlin Frame 7 and reinforcing bar and the vertical support formwork 61 of lower section are connected as one

When being constructed with precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component of the present invention, follow the steps below:

1) by above-mentioned precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage lifting component to station of constructing, installation positioning;

2) molding filling block is placed in the notch surrounded by vertical support formwork 61 and lateral support template 62 in bed die 6, And positioning is installed;Wherein molding filling block can be the integrated filling block for playing the role of bed die and side form simultaneously, can also be Integrated non-dismantling formwork.The size of molding filling block is slightly larger than to be lacked by what vertical support formwork 61 and lateral support template 62 surrounded Mouthful, in order to place and position.

3) it is laid with reinforced mesh 2 above steel bar girder 7, and positioning is installed;

4) casting concrete into precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component, maintenance molding, forms floor;

5) bed die 6 is removed, reinforced concrete floor is finally obtained.

In the present invention, the integrated filling block used can be the filling block of unitary solid, such as foam concrete is made Hatching solid block, can also be the hollow filling block made of sheet fabrication, can also be the open type with outer support face " filling block ".

In floor construction method of the present invention, the case where choosing ear is provided in the adjacent connection member of precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component Under, it can be fixed temporarily dismountable pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 in steel bar girder 7, wait for precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage lifting component After in place, pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 is dismantled, it is used in combination to be connected as one steel bar girder 7 and arrangement of reinforcement in adjacent connection member. Certainly, it is provided in this adjacent connection member in the case of choosing ear, can also there is another arrangement and method for construction:In steel bar girder 7 not Pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar 12 is set again, but the horizontal steel bar that influence plate assembles is preset at and chooses ear side (i.e. positioned at adjacent In component, but not in choosing ear), after floor bar cage is in place, then horizontal steel bar is moved to choose it is in place in ear, and by its with Steel bar girder 7 is connected as one.

The peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination, include the concrete external wall panel 100 for being arranged and being connected with each other along architecture enclosing, Flue Side fascia 101, piping lane Side fascia 102 and curtain wall panel 103, the row of the flue Side fascia 101 and each point of family in building Smoke pipeline is corresponded to install and is simultaneously connected to, rainwater down pipe in the piping lane Side fascia 102 and building, equipment pipe, each point of family water up and down Pipeline, electric power cable pipe, Gas Pipe or signal cable pipe, which correspond to, to be installed and is connected to.Wherein concrete external wall panel 100, flue exterior wall Plate 101, piping lane Side fascia 102 and curtain wall panel 103 are hung on outside the form by connector installation positioning on building structure, Stand alone type or embedded plug-in can be used in plug-in mode.The interval of multiple concrete external wall panels 100 setting on building, two is adjacent Flue Side fascia 101, piping lane Side fascia 102 or curtain wall panel 103 are installed between concrete external wall panel 100.Concrete external wall panel 100 On be provided with room window or door opening, be enclosed with metal hemming edge 11 on the surrounding side of concrete external wall panel 100, in order to other The connection of peripheral protective component and the sealing of seam crossing gluing, improve durability.

In periphery protecting system of the invention, the flue Side fascia 101 is the interior box-type member for being equipped with perforation flue, including interior Flue, outer framework and the panel being arranged on the outer framework are set, the outer framework is by being arranged the branch on box-type member seamed edge Strut member is formed by connecting, and insulating layer 104 is filled between the built-in chimney flue and panel.In preferred embodiment, the supporting rod Part is steel pipe or angle steel, and the panel is lightweight plate.Piping lane Side fascia 102 is including supporting member 105 and fastens panel 106, The supporting member 105 and fasten panel 106 and can splice fastenings, formed go along with sb. to guard him rainwater down pipe, equipment pipe, upper and lower conduit road, Box piping lane component outside electric power cable pipe, Gas Pipe or signal cable pipe, 106 inside of the fastening panel are provided with heat preservation Layer 104.The supporting member 105 includes outer framework and the panel being arranged on the outer framework, and the outer framework is by being arranged Supporting bar on seamed edge is formed by connecting.Above-mentioned supporting bar is steel pipe or angle steel, and the panel and fastening panel are light-duty Plank.

The embodiment of stand alone type combination peripheral protective system assembly method in the present invention, includes the following steps:

1) by peripheral protective lifting component to architecture enclosing, it is connected to building knot by the way that a part of tie point is plug-in On structure body, stand alone type or embedded plug-in, two peripheral protective component interval installations, peripheral protective component and knot can be used in plug-in mode It is installed and is connected by bolt between structure body, and carry out coarse positioning, reserved remaining tie point is used for follow-up fine positioning.Two coagulations Coarse positioning is installed and is distinguished at native Side fascia interval, gap that can accurately between control panel, and convenient item is provided for fine positioning Part.The peripheral protective component is concrete external wall panel 100, flue Side fascia 101, piping lane Side fascia 102 or curtain wall panel 103.

2) in the interval for the concrete peripheral protective component that coarse positioning is completed to two in remaining peripheral protective lifting component, into Row positioning, waits for all peripheral protective lifting components in place, after completing coarse positioning, carries out fine positioning, and complete peripheral protective component and knot The connection of structure body is installed.

Above-mentioned coarse positioning is by Positioning Precision Control within 5 centimetres, and the fine positioning is by Positioning Precision Control just Within minus 3 millimeters.

In the present invention, using by the installation positioning of connector bolt between peripheral protective component and building structure, improving While installation effectiveness, reduction assembly difficulty of construction, convenient for the externally repair, replacement of fender member in building life cycle management And upgrading.

The preferred embodiment and most common mode of the above-mentioned stand alone type combination peripheral protective system assembly method of the present invention, are first It is spaced setting installation concrete external wall panel 100 in step 1), and carries out coarse positioning, in step 2) later, completes concrete After the fine positioning of Side fascia 100, the lifting and installation of other types peripheral protective component are carried out.Handling installation positioning is difficult first in this way Big concrete external wall panel (weight plate) is spent, then light plate (flue Side fascia, piping lane Side fascia and curtain wall panel) is installed in handling again, can Accurately to control gap, installation accuracy and efficiency are improved, is convenient for construction organization and allotment, installation difficulty is reduced, realizes Technique process simplify and it is intensive, avoid waste.

Above-described embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that:For the ordinary skill of the art For personnel, without departing from the principle of the present invention, several improvement and equivalent replacement can also be made, these are to the present invention Claim be improved with the technical solution after equivalent replacement, each fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of building based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, which is characterized in that the building includes vertical Structure reinforcing bars concrete component, reinforced beam, the structure of reinforced concrete floor composition and plug-in setting are in the knot The peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination of structure body periphery;The structure is by Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component shape after casting concrete At the Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component is by prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab Steel reinforcement cage Component composition is assembled, and the prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component is for precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component or in advance Column steel reinforcement cage component processed;
The precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component includes multiple prefabricated edge constraint components (1) and the prefabricated edge constraint structure It the reinforced mesh (2) of part (1) connection and is mounted on the outside of the reinforced mesh (2) and exempts from form removal (3), reinforced mesh (2) It is arranged along the metope of shear wall, all prefabricated edge constraint components (1) are centered around interior and links together, it is described to exempt from form removal (3) it is linked together by positioning mounting and reinforced mesh (2);
The prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component includes concrete-bar component (5) and exempts from form removal (3), described to exempt from form removal (3) along the cylinder of column It lays, concrete-bar component (5) is centered around interior and is integrally connected;
The precast beam reinforced bar cage component includes concrete-bar component (5) and exempts from form removal (3), the concrete-bar component (5) by horizontal steel bar, Stirrup is formed by connecting, described to exempt from form removal (3) and laid along the front and back sides of beam and bottom surface, by concrete-bar component (5) be centered around in and with Be linked together;
The precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component include bed die (6), be mounted on the bed die (6) on the upside of steel bar girder (7), it is described Bed die (6) includes multiple vertical support formworks (61) arranged in parallel, is arranged between two adjacent vertical support formworks (61) Several lateral support templates (62), the vertical support formwork (61) and the lateral support template (62) of both sides are linked together, described Steel bar girder (7) transversely support formwork (62) top setting, and by the reinforcing bar above vertical support formwork (61) is arranged by institute There is steel bar girder (7) to be connected as one, the reinforcing bar and steel bar girder (7) while connecting installation with vertical support formwork (61);
The peripheral protecting system of stand alone type combination includes concrete external wall panel (100), the flue exterior wall being arranged along architecture enclosing Plate (101), piping lane Side fascia (102) and curtain wall panel (103), the row of the flue Side fascia (101) and each point of family in building Smoke pipeline is corresponded to install and is simultaneously connected to, rainwater down pipe in the piping lane Side fascia (102) and building, equipment pipe, each point of family up and down Waterpipe, electric power cable pipe, Gas Pipe or signal cable pipe, which correspond to, to be installed and is connected to, the concrete external wall panel (100), flue Side fascia (101), piping lane Side fascia (102) and curtain wall panel (103) are hung on outside the form by the installation positioning of connector bolt On building structure, multiple concrete external wall panels (100) interval setting on building, two adjacent concrete external wall panels (100) flue Side fascia (101), piping lane Side fascia (102) or curtain wall panel (103) are installed between.
2. the building according to claim 1 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, which is characterized in that The precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component is linear type, T shapes, L-shaped, H-shaped or zigzag configuration, the T-shaped structure and H-shaped structure In component, including two kinds of prefabricated edge constraint component (1), one kind being located at web component and wing plate component outer ledge Place, is a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and tie hoop, and another kind is located at web component and wing plate component Intersection is made of four above-mentioned reinforcement components, and one of reinforcement component, which is located at web component and crosses with wing plate component, to be connect Region, excess-three are arranged close to three sides of the reinforcement component, and four reinforcement components are in web direction and wing plate side To being connected as one respectively by horizontal hoop (4);
In the component of the L-shaped structure and zigzag configuration, including two kinds of prefabricated edge constraint component (1), one kind being located at structure It is a reinforcement component being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and tie hoop at part outer ledge, another kind is located at L-shaped and intersects Place, is formed by connecting by three above-mentioned reinforcement components by horizontal hoop (4), one of reinforcement component is located at the L of component two-by-two Shape crosses join domain, and other two is arranged close to two sides of the reinforcement component.
3. the building according to claim 1 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, which is characterized in that The prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component uses one kind in following two structures:
One concrete-bar component (5) a) is only set, and the concrete-bar component (5) is a steel being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and stirrup Rib component exempts from form removal (3) and directly lays on the outside of concrete-bar component (5) and connect with stirrup by positioning mounting, to exempt from Form removal (3) and concrete-bar component (5) are linked together;
Multiple concrete-bar components (5) b) are set, at the same be provided with by the multiple concrete-bar component (5) constrain in and be linked together External stirrup (8), the concrete-bar component (5) are a reinforcement components being formed by connecting by Vertical Reinforcement and stirrup, or by vertical The reinforcement component that arrangement of reinforcement and fastener are formed by connecting exempts from form removal (3) and is laid on the outside of the external stirrup (8) and pass through positioning Fixing piece is attached thereto, and is linked together with concrete-bar component (5) to exempt from form removal (3).
4. the building according to claim 1 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, which is characterized in that The precast beam reinforced bar cage component uses one kind in following two structures:
One concrete-bar component (5) a) is only set, exempt from form removal (3) directly laid along concrete-bar component (5) front and back sides and bottom surface and with Stirrup is linked together;
Multiple concrete-bar components (5) b) are set, at the same be provided with by the multiple concrete-bar component (5) constrain in and be linked together External stirrup (8) is exempted from form removal (3) and is connect with the external stirrup (8), connected with all concrete-bar components (5) to exempt from form removal (3) It is integrated.
5. the building according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, special Sign is, in the precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component, vertical support formwork (61) is provided with lateral support template (62) infall Locating piece (63), the steel bar girder (7) are fixedly connected on by locating piece (63) on vertical support formwork (61), and support formwork is indulged (61) it is inverted U board member.
6. the building according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, special Sign is, concrete-bar component (5) edge of the precast beam reinforced bar cage component and the reinforcing bar purlin of precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component Frame (7) edge is both provided with sleeve (11), has been fixed temporarily in concrete-bar component (5) and steel bar girder (7) dismountable pre- Assembling activity reinforcing bar (12), the pre-assembled activity reinforcing bar (12) after removal can horizontally in insertion sleeve (11) with its He is attached assembly by steel reinforcement cage component.
7. the building according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, special Sign is, the flue Side fascia (101) is the interior box-type member for being equipped with perforation flue, including built-in chimney flue, outer framework and sets The panel on the outer framework is set, the outer framework is formed by connecting by the supporting bar on box-type member seamed edge is arranged, institute It states and is filled with insulating layer (104) between built-in chimney flue and panel;
The piping lane Side fascia (102) includes supporting member (105) and fastens panel (106), and the fastening panel (106) fastens Outside in supporting member (105), formation go along with sb. to guard him rainwater down pipe, equipment pipe, upper and lower conduit road, electric power cable pipe, Gas Pipe or Box piping lane component outside signal cable pipe, fastening panel (106) inside are provided with insulating layer (104);
8. a kind of architecture construction method based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, which is characterized in that this method Include the following steps:
1) prefabricated edge constraint component (1), reinforced mesh (2) made in factory, exempt from form removal (3), concrete-bar component (5), vertical support Template (61), lateral support template (62), concrete external wall panel (100), flue Side fascia (101), piping lane Side fascia (102), Curtain wall panel (103);
2) prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component are assembled respectively, it will Prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage lifting component is to station of constructing, and installation positioning, the prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component is pre- Shear force wall reinforcing steel bar cage component processed or prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component, the assembly method of the precast shear wall steel reinforcement cage component are:
According to the design and distributed steel requirement of shear wall, by multiple prefabricated edge constraint component (1) Distribution and localizations, then by bar-mat reinforcement Piece (2) is arranged along the metope of shear wall, and is connect with each prefabricated edge constraint component (1), thus by all prefabricated edges Confining part (1) links together;
To exempt from form removal (3) to lay along on the outside of reinforced mesh (2), using positioning mounting by component both sides it is opposite exempt from form removal (3) it is linked together;
The assembly method of the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component is:
By concrete-bar component (5) Distribution and localization, it then will exempt from form removal (3) and be arranged along at the cylinder of column, and even with concrete-bar component (5) It is connected in one:For the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component of a concrete-bar component (5) is only arranged, it will directly exempt from form removal (3) along reinforcing bar group It lays on the outside of part (5) and is connect with stirrup, for the prefabricated post steel reinforcement cage component of multiple concrete-bar components (5) is arranged, then needed External stirrup (8) is then set, will be owned according to the design and distributed steel requirement of column, by multiple concrete-bar components (5) Distribution and localization In concrete-bar component (5) constrains in and be connected as one, finally externally form removal (3) is exempted from setting on the outside of stirrup (6), and by its with it is outer Portion's stirrup (8) connects;
The opposite form removal (3) of exempting from component both sides is linked together using positioning mounting;
The assembly method of the precast beam reinforced bar cage component is:
By concrete-bar component (5) Distribution and localization, it then will exempt from form removal (3) and be laid along the front and back sides of beam and bottom surface, and and reinforcing bar Component (5) is connected as one:
For the precast beam reinforced bar cage component of a concrete-bar component (5) is only arranged, it will directly exempt from form removal (3) along concrete-bar component (5) Front and back sides and bottom surface are laid and are connect with stirrup, for the precast beam reinforced bar cage component of multiple concrete-bar components (5) is arranged, The design and distributed steel requirement according to beam are then needed, by multiple concrete-bar components (5) Distribution and localization, external stirrup (8) is then set, it will It in all concrete-bar components (5) constrain in and is connected as one, is finally laid along the front and back sides of beam and bottom surface and exempt from form removal (3), and It is connect with external stirrup (8);
The form removal (3) of exempting from of component two sides and bottom surface is linked together using positioning mounting;
The assembly method of the precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component is:
Multiple vertical support formworks (61) are arranged in parallel, and between two adjacent vertical support formworks (61) several transverse directions are arranged holds Flask board (62), and itself and lateral support template (62) are linked together;
Installation steel bar girder (7) is transversely laid above support formwork (62), and installation steel is laid above vertical support formwork (61) Muscle, and be linked together the steel bar girder (7) and reinforcing bar of right-angled intersection by locating piece (63), steel bar girder (7) is formed, it is described Locating piece (63) while the vertical support formwork (61) of steel bar girder (7) and reinforcing bar and lower section being connected as one;
3) location and installation beam support device, then hoisting beam steel reinforcement cage component and be arranged in the support device, by beam Steel reinforcement cage component links together with prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component in connecting part;
4) then location and installation floor member support device lifts floor bar cage component and is arranged in the support device, Floor bar cage component is connected to one with beam steel cage component, prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component in connecting part respectively It rises;
5) molding is placed on the grid cell surrounded by vertical support formwork (61) and lateral support template (62) in bed die (6) to fill out Block is filled, and positioning is installed;
6) it is laid with reinforced mesh (2) above steel bar girder (7), and positioning is installed;
7) it is poured into the cavity of prefabricated vertical structure steel reinforcement cage component, precast beam reinforced bar cage component and precast floor slab steel reinforcement cage component Build concrete, maintenance molding;
8) beam support device, floor member support device, bed die (6) are removed, reinforced concrete structure body is finally obtained;
9) by peripheral protective lifting component to architecture enclosing, adjacent two peripheral protective component interval settings, and pass through one respectively Part tie point is plug-in to be connected on building structure, and coarse positioning is carried out, and reserved remaining tie point is used for peripheral protective component Follow-up fine positioning, the peripheral protective component be concrete external wall panel (100), flue Side fascia (101), piping lane Side fascia (102) or curtain wall panel (103);
10) fine positioning is carried out to the peripheral protective component that coarse positioning is completed, then by peripheral protective lifting component to two it is adjacent outer In the interval of fender member, positioning is connect with building structure, the connection for completing peripheral protective component and structure is installed.
9. the architecture construction method according to claim 8 based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure, It is characterized in that, is installed and positioned by connector bolt between the peripheral protective component and structure, in the step 9), by coagulation Then native Side fascia (100) interval setting installation lifts and installs other kinds of peripheral protective component in step 10), described thick Positioning be by Positioning Precision Control within positive and negative 5 centimetres, the fine positioning be by Positioning Precision Control positive and negative 3 millimeters it It is interior.
CN201610475800.8A 2016-06-24 2016-06-24 Building and method of construction based on large spatial structure body and free-standing peripheral structure CN106013454B (en)

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