CN106013151A - Continuous pile wall construction method and construction device used for continuous pile wall construction method - Google Patents

Continuous pile wall construction method and construction device used for continuous pile wall construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106013151A
CN106013151A CN201610025363.XA CN201610025363A CN106013151A CN 106013151 A CN106013151 A CN 106013151A CN 201610025363 A CN201610025363 A CN 201610025363A CN 106013151 A CN106013151 A CN 106013151A
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China
Prior art keywords
steel
pile
construction
pipe pile
wall
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Pending
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CN201610025363.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张继红
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张继红
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Priority to CN201510133502.6A priority Critical patent/CN104727323A/en
Priority to CN2015101335026 priority
Application filed by 张继红 filed Critical 张继红
Publication of CN106013151A publication Critical patent/CN106013151A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/28Placing of hollow pipes or mould pipes by means arranged inside the piles or pipes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/02Foundation pits
    • E02D17/04Bordering surfacing or stiffening the sides of foundation pits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • E02D5/38Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same making by use of mould-pipes or other moulds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • E02D5/46Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same making in situ by forcing bonding agents into gravel fillings or the soil
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D7/00Methods or apparatus for placing sheet pile bulkheads, piles, mouldpipes, or other moulds
    • E02D7/26Placing by using several means simultaneously

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of underground engineering and foundation pit support engineering, and provides a continuous pile wall construction method and a construction device used for the continuous pile wall construction method. The continuous pile wall construction method mainly comprises the steps that guide control devices are installed on piles or underground walls which are constructed at first; in the follow-up construction process, guide devices and the guide control devices are connected to control the construction direction of piles or underground walls which are constructed subsequently, and thus the effects that the adjacent piles or the adjacent sectioned underground walls are parallel and not split can be ensured; and when a continuous pile wall is a steel pipe pile continuous wall, steel pipe piles (1) can be used as pile frames to complete construction. The construction difficulty and the influence of inserting construction on the surrounding environment are greatly reduced; the influence of pile pulling construction on the surrounding environment is reduced advantageously; the construction device is simple, high in efficiency and low in cost, and the influence on the surrounding environment is little; and the constructed continuous pile wall is particularly suitable for serving as an earth retaining and water stopping structure in deep underground space development and foundation pit support.

Description

A kind of continuous piling wall construction method and constructing device used thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of civil engineering, particularly relate to underground engineering and Foundation Pit Support Engineering field.
Background technology
Steel-pipe pile inserts in the Foundation Pit Support Engineering field that soil body construction is Geotechnical Engineering field with steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall One of key technology, how to solve the plug construction of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall under pan soil area and complex environment, effectively control The system plug construction impact on surrounding enviroment, is steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall and the steel-pipe pile master at foundation pit enclosure with pile foundation engineering application Want one of obstacle.In pan soil area, it is big that steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall inserts difficulty of construction.In the area that surrounding enviroment are complicated, steel-pipe pile Inserting the factor such as Construction Vibration, noise with steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall is that steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall is at base pit engineering on the impact of surrounding enviroment With application in pile foundation engineering needs the difficult problem that overcomes.It addition, in bore forming process, due to construction error, formation variation, construction The various reasons such as place, constructing operation, adjacent stake impact, often lead to vertical, the pile body horizontally or diagonally of in soil body construction Away from operating surface position, deviation is occurring, especially for there being the engineering pile (wall) of sealing requirement, such as diaphram wall, soil cement The jag that the structures such as mixing pile, interlocking pile, cast-in-situ bored pile cause because of deviation at the far-reaching place of the soil body often has a strong impact on engineering matter Amount, and may result in multiple stake (wall) in Deep underground space is developed, be unable to reach the purpose of mutually overlap joint.At present deep layer (as 40 meters with deep) in underground space development, the partition problem of subsoil water particularly deep water in confined is the most still difficult to solve.
Summary of the invention
First purpose of the present invention is to put forward the first continuous piling wall construction method, and this construction method can smoothly complete steel pipe The construction of stake diaphragm wall, construction quickly, is constructed the least on the impact of surrounding enviroment, belongs to the micro-disturbance construction in Geotechnical Engineering Method.
This first continuous piling wall construction method comprises the following steps:
A) steel-pipe pile is connected and installed on steel-pipe pile, makes steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component;
B) by steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall location to be onstructed, by power set, certainly enter drilling rod, certainly enter drill bit and be fixed on steel-pipe pile On the steel-pipe pile of diaphragm wall component, will certainly enter drill bit and be positioned over the bottom of steel-pipe pile, power set will be installed on the upper of steel-pipe pile Power set are connected with from entering drill bit by portion by certainly entering drilling rod;
C) steel-pipe pile utilizing steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component doubles as pile frame, by steel-pipe pile and the steel pipe that is attached on steel-pipe pile Stake connection, power set, certainly enter drilling rod, certainly enter drill bit and adjust to consistent with drilling direction;
D) start power set, rotating torque is transferred to from entering drill bit by certainly entering drilling rod, by certainly entering turning of drill bit Construction disturbed by the dynamic steel-pipe pile position soil body brill that carries out;Utilize the deadweight that steel-pipe pile is connected with steel-pipe pile as pile sinking power or as pile sinking A part for power, makes the steel-pipe pile of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component connect together with steel-pipe pile and inserts in the soil body bored after disturbing;
E) repeat step b) to step d), insert steel-pipe pile by root and be connected with steel-pipe pile, and make adjacent steel pile tube pass through steel Pile tube connects formation can keep off the steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall of soil sealing, completes the first continuous piling wall and inserts construction.
In above-mentioned a kind of piling wall construction method continuously, in above-mentioned step d), two or many can be started simultaneously Power set on steel-pipe pile, make the power set on two or many steel-pipe piles turn to contrary two-by-two, and make to turn to contrary It is overall that power set are connected as one two-by-two.
In the first above-mentioned continuous piling wall construction method, in above-mentioned step d), can be by vibration, hammering with quiet Defeat the one or more combination in piling method and increase pile sinking power, accelerate the insertion construction of continuous piling wall component.
In the first above-mentioned continuous piling wall construction method, in above-mentioned step d), at steel-pipe pile with steel-pipe pile even After patching the soil body, can be by power set, from entering drilling rod, from entering after drill bit is removed to be installed on next root steel-pipe pile, it is achieved should Reusing of three parts.
In the first above-mentioned continuous piling wall construction method, construction disturbed by the brill in above-mentioned step d), can be to bore One or more combination in the construction of the hole construction, mixing soil body or the construction of churning disturbed soil.
In the first above-mentioned continuous piling wall construction method, in above-mentioned steps e), insert at steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall and execute After work and use complete, extracting steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component, and mix cement mortar in boring the soil body after disturbing, hardening is bored after disturbing The soil body.
Second object of the present invention is to provide constructing device used by above-mentioned the first continuous piling wall construction method, should Constructing device technique is simple, and plug construction is little on surrounding enviroment impact, and easy construction, cost is low.
This constructing device includes the connection of steel-pipe pile, steel-pipe pile, power set, certainly enters drill bit, certainly enters drilling rod five part, wherein Steel-pipe pile be that consequence of having constructed is carried water the main force structure of soil pressure, steel-pipe pile is connected as between adjacent steel pile tube Soil pressure between adjacent steel pile tube is transferred to the structure of steel-pipe pile, and power set turn for being arranged on steel-pipe pile to provide The device of kinetic moment, certainly entering drill bit is to be positioned at bottom steel-pipe pile to bore the soil body to disturb loosening utensil, certainly enters drilling rod for being connected to move The power of power set is transferred between drill bit from the rod-like structure entering drill bit by power apparatus and certainly entering.
In above-mentioned constructing device, can install in vibration hammer, pile hammer, static press piling device on above-mentioned steel-pipe pile One or more combination.
In above-mentioned constructing device, can install fluid filling device at steel-pipe pile inwall, fluid filling device is by water Mud or grout in bore disturb in the soil body device.
In above-mentioned constructing device, above-mentioned conveying pipe can be connected with steel-pipe pile sidewall along steel pipe pile cutoff.
In above-mentioned constructing device, above-mentioned slurry prime device includes compression pump and conveying pipe two parts.
In above-mentioned constructing device, the above-mentioned drill bit that certainly enters can be spiral lamina drill bit, mixing pile drill bit, drilled pile brill One or more combination in head, rotary churning pile drill bit.
Third object of the present invention is to provide the second continuous piling wall construction method, this construction method can construct overlength surpass The continuous piling wall of deep steel-pipe pile, is particularly suitable in Deep underground space exploitation for keeping off soil water proof, solves in the far-reaching soil body The construction difficult problem of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall.
This second continuous piling wall construction method comprises the following steps:
A) steel-pipe pile is connected and installed on steel-pipe pile, makes steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component;
B) steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component is constructed in rock mass or the soil body, and it is adjacent as next root to utilize steel-pipe pile to connect The guide control device of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component construction;
C) leading as piling machinery construction can will be installed on piling machinery along the component that steel-pipe pile closure moves To device, and it is directed to device and is connected with guide control device;
D) in piling machinery work progress, formerly the construct guide control device in rock mass or the soil body and installation are utilized Guider on piling machinery controls pile direction, carries out pile body construction, and installs the pile body construction institute that next root is neighbouring The guide control device needed;
E) repeat step c) to step d), complete the construction of many piles body, form continuous piling wall.
Fourth object of the present invention is to provide the third continuous piling wall construction method, this construction method can construct overlength or The continuous piling wall of ultra-deep, is particularly suitable in Deep underground space exploitation for keeping off soil water proof, for Deep underground space exploitation Key technology.
This third continuous piling wall construction method comprises the following steps:
A) pile body or segmentation underground wall body are positioned;
B) in rock mass or the soil body, construction guidance controls device;
C) piling machinery or the grooving equipment of guider and the guiding in rock mass or the soil body of formerly constructing will be installed Control device to connect;
D) during piling machinery or grooving equipment construction, the guiding formerly constructing in rock mass or the soil body is utilized to control Device controls pile or Cheng Qiang direction with the guider being arranged on piling machinery or grooving equipment, carries out pile body or piecewise Lower wall construction, and the guide control device needed for the pile body of neighbouring subsequent construction or segmentation wall construction is installed;
E) repeat step c) to step d), complete many piles body or the construction of multistage segmentation body of wall, form continuous piling wall.
In above-mentioned the second and the third continuous piling wall construction method, above-mentioned piling machinery refer at rock mass or The equipment of pile in the soil body, including pile-driving machine, convolution rig, mixing pile machine, twist bit, rotary churning pile rig, catalase One or more combination in the engineering machinery such as machine, soil compaction or soil taking hole forming stake machine;Above-mentioned grooving equipment refers at rock mass Or in the soil body, construction forms the equipment in channel-shaped space, including continuous wall trench underground machine, slotter etc..
In above-mentioned the second with the third continuous piling wall construction method, above-mentioned piling machinery can be that construction is oblique Or the one or more combination in horizontal direction pipe canopy, anchor pole, taper pile construction equipment.
5th purpose of the present invention is to provide the second or the third constructing device used by continuous piling wall construction method, This constructing device can smoothly complete the construction of continuous piling wall, and speed of application is fast, cost is low, and construction quality is good.
This constructing device includes piling machinery or grooving machinery, guider and guide control device three part, therein Guide control device is to be installed in the stake formerly constructed or segmentation subterranean wall, for controlling stake or the segmentation of neighbouring rear construction The device of subterranean wall construction direction, guider mechanically and is connected with guide control device for being installed on piling machinery or grooving Connect for controlling stake or the device of segmentation subterranean wall construction direction.
In above-mentioned constructing device, the seam that can be positioned between adjacent stake or segmentation subterranean wall on guider is scraped Mud device, seam scraper is to remove adjacent stake or neighbouring segmentation subterranean wall seam crossing soil in stake or segmentation subterranean wall work progress The utensil of body.
6th purpose of the present invention is to provide the 4th kind of continuous piling wall construction method, and this construction method can smoothly complete filling Note stake, cement mixing method become wall construction continuously with high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile, and reliable construction quality, cost are low.
4th kind of continuous piling wall construction method, comprises the following steps:
A) bored concrete pile to be onstructed in rock mass or the soil body, cement mixing method or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile are positioned;
B) guide control device is installed on the steel reinforcement cage of bored concrete pile or is inserted into rod-like structure work at cement mixing method It is inserted into rod-like structure as guide control device for guide control device or at high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile, and completes bored concrete pile, cement Soil mixing pile or the construction of high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile;
C) the bored concrete pile machinery of guider, cement-soil mixing pile machine tool or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile machinery will be installed with formerly The guide control device in rock mass or the soil body of constructing connects;
D) in bored pile machinery, cement-soil mixing pile machine tool or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile machinery work progress, utilize and formerly execute Work guide control device in rock mass or the soil body be arranged on bored concrete pile machinery, cement-soil mixing pile machine tool or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile Guider on machine controls pile direction, carries out pile body construction, and installs neighbouring follow-up stake according to the method for step b) Guide control device needed for body construction;
E) repetition step c) is to step d), completes many piles body construction, forms continuous piling wall.
In the 4th kind of above-mentioned continuous piling wall construction method, in above-mentioned step b), can stir at above-mentioned soil cement Insert the hollow tubular structure parallel with drilling rod when mixing stake or Construction of High Pressure Jet Grouting Pile or drilling rod be made as hollow tubular structure, Then it is inserted into rod-like structure as controlling device at hollow tubular structure.
The continuous piling wall construction method of the present invention and constructing device used thereof, solve steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall and inserting soil A disturbance difficult problem to the soil body during body construction, and make steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall insertion difficulty of construction in pan soil significantly drop Low, and extract at steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall and work progress is conducive to reduce pile pulling traction effect, it is particularly suitable for surrounding enviroment multiple Miscellaneous base pit engineering and the base pit engineering in pan soil area, in the second with the third continuous piling wall construction method, available The stake of the structure control subsequent construction formerly constructed in rock mass or the soil body or the construction direction of subterranean wall, it can be ensured that Adjacent Pile or Continuous and parallel between segmentation subterranean wall, solves stake or subterranean wall construction in a difficult problem for far-reaching place jag, is particularly well-suited to ultra-deep Ultra-long pile or the construction of subterranean wall.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is first embodiment and the first the continuous piling wall vertical section structure used by second embodiment of the present invention Schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is first embodiment and the first continuous piling wall cross-sectional configuration used by second embodiment of the present invention Schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the continuous piling wall construction procedure c) of the first used by second embodiment of present invention construction operating mode signal Figure;
Fig. 4 is the 3rd the second continuous piling wall constructing device vertical section structure signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 5 is the 3rd the second continuous piling wall vertical section organigram used by embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the 3rd the second continuous piling wall construction method second step operating mode signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 7 is the 3rd the second continuous piling wall construction method the 3rd step operating mode signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 8 be the present invention the 3rd the second continuous piling wall construction method the 3rd step used by embodiment in guide control Device and guider connecting structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is the 3rd the second continuous piling wall construction method the 4th step operating mode signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 10 be the present invention the 3rd the second continuous piling wall construction method the 4th step used by embodiment in guide control Device processed and guider connecting structure schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the 3rd the second continuous piling wall construction method the 5th step operating mode signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 12 is the 4th the second continuous piling wall construction method second step operating mode signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 13 is the 4th the second continuous piling wall construction method the 5th step operating mode signal used by embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 14 is the third the continuous piling wall construction method second step operating mode signal used by the 5th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 15 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 3rd step operating mode signal used by the 5th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 16 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 4th step operating mode signal used by the 5th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 17 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 5th step operating mode signal used by the 5th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 18 is the third the continuous piling wall construction method second step operating mode signal used by the 6th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 19 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 3rd step operating mode signal used by the 6th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 20 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 4th step operating mode signal used by the 6th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 21 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 5th step operating mode signal used by the 6th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 22 is the third the continuous piling wall construction method second step operating mode signal used by the 7th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 23 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 3rd step operating mode signal used by the 7th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 24 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 4th step operating mode signal used by the 7th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 25 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 5th step operating mode signal used by the 7th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 26 is the third the continuous piling wall construction method second step operating mode signal used by the 8th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 27 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 3rd step operating mode signal used by the 8th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 28 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 4th step operating mode signal used by the 8th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
Figure 29 is the third continuous piling wall construction method the 5th step operating mode signal used by the 8th embodiment of the present invention Figure;
The seam that Figure 30 is used in the 4th the second continuous piling wall construction method used by embodiment of the present invention is scraped Mud device structure organigram.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figures 1 and 2 first embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is to introduce the first of the present invention Plant continuous piling wall and insert the constructing device structure structure used by construction method and operation principle thereof.This first continuous piling wall includes Steel-pipe pile (1), steel-pipe pile connect (2), power set (5), certainly enter drill bit (6), certainly enter drilling rod (7) five part.Steel pipe therein Stake (1) is that consequence of having constructed is carried water the main force structure of soil pressure, and steel-pipe pile (1) can be round steel pipe, it is also possible to the side of being Steel pipe.Steel-pipe pile connects (2) for be positioned between adjacent steel pile tube (1) and the soil pressure between adjacent steel pile tube (1) to be transferred to The structure of steel-pipe pile (1).Steel-pipe pile connect (2) can by steel plate, steel pipe, the opening steel pipe in C-shaped cross section form as Fig. 1 with Can connect in the way of primary and secondary interlocks shown in Fig. 2, it is also possible to be to be similar to the form connection that the roll bending of steel sheet pile interface interlocks. Sealing cavity (3) is seam (8) place being positioned between adjacent steel pile tube (1) with adjacent steel pile tube (1) or be connected to adjacent steel The component of pile tube (1) is the cavity structure having certain length along seam (8) direction of sidewall.The sidewall of sealing cavity (3) is necessary The sidewall that comprises adjacent two piece steel-pipe pile (1) or be connected to steel-pipe pile (1) upper member, i.e. in sealing cavity (3) sold stowing In the case of, the seam (8) between the adjacent steel pile tube (1) that sealing cavity (3) is corresponding must be filled with body closure.Water-stop body (4) it is the object being filled in the interior seam (8) that can block adjacent steel pile tube (1) of sealing cavity (3).Power set (5) are peace It is contained in the device that rotating torque can be provided on steel-pipe pile (1).Power set (5) can be motor, it is also possible to is to pass through liquid Pressure or air-driven device.In the present embodiment, can install on above-mentioned steel pipe vibration hammer (14), static press piling device or One or more combination in hammering device, applies pile sinking power at steel-pipe pile (1) top, accelerates the insertion construction of steel-pipe pile (1) Speed.Loosening structure is disturbed for being positioned at bottom steel-pipe pile (1) to bore the soil body from entering drill bit (6).It is above-mentioned that certainly to enter drill bit (6) permissible It is the one or more combination in spiral lamina drill bit, stirring drill bit, drilled pile drill bit, rotary churning pile drill bit, if spiral twist drill Head, it is also possible to provide while the soil body disturbed by brill and promote steel-pipe pile (1) sinking or the pile sinking of lifting or pile pulling power.From entering drilling rod (7) for being connected to power set (5) and between drill bit (6), the power of power set (5) being transferred to from entering drill bit (6) from entering Rod-like structure.In the present embodiment, dry method can be used to carry out the soil body and to bore and disturb construction, i.e. by from the brill entering drill bit (6) is dynamic will Soil body brill is disturbed loosening;Can also use wet method carry out the soil body bore disturb construction, i.e. certainly enter drill bit (6) bore disturb the soil body during, Injecting water, mud or cement mortar in the soil body, the soil body after making brill disturb is by moving stirring from the brill entering drill bit (6) and be diluted to mud Slurry or soil cement slurry, improve brill and disturb effect.In the present embodiment, at the inwall of steel-pipe pile (1), fluid filling device can be installed (9), fluid filling device (9) is by water or mud or to grout in the device that brill is disturbed in the soil body.Fluid filling device (9) wraps Include compression pump (10) and conveying pipe (11) two parts composition.In the present embodiment, conveying pipe (11) can along steel-pipe pile (1) section To be connected with steel-pipe pile (1) sidewall.
As shown in Fig. 1 Yu Fig. 2, Fig. 3 second embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is to introduce the present invention's The first continuous piling wall inserts construction method and construction procedure.This first continuous piling wall construction method includes following five steps. In the first step of the present embodiment, steel-pipe pile (1) is connected with steel-pipe pile (2) and is connected as an entirety, make steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall structure Part, its structure structure can be as shown in Figures 1 and 2, it is possible to uses other forms as described in first embodiment of the present invention.From And complete the first step of the present embodiment, enter second step.In this step, by steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall location to be onstructed, will be dynamic Power apparatus (5), from entering drilling rod (7), being fixed on the steel-pipe pile (1) of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall from entering drill bit (6), will certainly enter drill bit (6) it is arranged on the bottom of steel-pipe pile (1), power set (5) are installed on the top of steel-pipe pile (1), will by certainly entering drilling rod (7) Power set (5) enter drill bit (6) with oneself and are connected, the first the continuous piling wall element structure structure being inserted into construction after installation Making as shown in Figures 1 and 2, the selection of all parts can refer to first embodiment of the present invention.Can by certainly enter drill bit (6), from Enter the hollow part that drilling rod (7) is installed in steel-pipe pile (1), make certainly to enter drill bit (6) and be positioned at the bottom of steel-pipe pile (1), and make certainly Enter the bottom less than steel-pipe pile, the lower end of drill bit (6), so can make the soil body of steel-pipe pile (1) bottom before steel-pipe pile (1) inserts Disturbed by brill.Can also make power set (5) with from entering drilling rod (7) and certainly entering drill bit (6) and be connected to relative position and fix Entirety, and make can slide up and down within the specific limits between these three parts and steel-pipe pile (1), such as, at steel-pipe pile (1) Inwall fixes chute (12), and the entirety making these three parts be linked to be can be under the control of chute (12) and permissible between steel-pipe pile (1) Slide up and down, but and can not relatively rotate between steel-pipe pile (1), it is of course also possible to directly and steel-pipe pile (1) is solid by these three parts Fixed.Thus complete the second step of the present embodiment, enter the 3rd step.In this step, the steel-pipe pile (1) of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall is utilized Double as pile frame steel-pipe pile (1) and the steel-pipe pile that is attached on steel-pipe pile (1) to connect (2), power set (5), certainly enters drilling rod (7), certainly enter drill bit (6) and adjust to drilling direction consistent, as shown in Figure 3.In this step, the available neighbouring steel pipe formerly constructed Stake connection (2), as the guide control device (20) during next root steel-pipe pile (1) drilling construction, meanwhile, utilizes next root steel pipe Steel-pipe pile connection (2) of stake (1), as guider (15), is connected (2) and connects, such as Fig. 2 with the neighbouring steel-pipe pile formerly constructed Shown in Fig. 3, then can connect (2) by steel-pipe pile and control the drilling direction that next root steel-pipe pile (1) is constructed so that successively construct Two steel-pipe piles (1) parallel, can avoid at neighbouring steel-pipe pile (1) jag in the far-reaching soil body.Generally, steel-pipe pile is even Continuous wall is vertical construction, as long as the combination of above-mentioned component being sling with crane (13) and being vertically lowered into ground.Thus Complete the 3rd step of the present embodiment, enter the 4th step.In this step, start power set (5), will by certainly entering drilling rod (7) Rotating torque is transferred to from entering drill bit (6), carries out steel-pipe pile (1) the position soil body and bores by certainly entering the rotation of drill bit (6) and disturb construction, Utilize steel-pipe pile (1) to be connected the deadweight of (2) with steel-pipe pile as pile sinking power or as the part of pile sinking power simultaneously, make steel-pipe pile The steel-pipe pile (1) of diaphragm wall connects (2) together with steel-pipe pile and inserts in the soil body bored after disturbing.In this step, drill bit (6) is certainly entered Diameter can be slightly less than the internal diameter of steel-pipe pile (1), by certainly enter drill bit (6) bore dynamic during swing make to bore and disturb the model of the soil body Enclose suitable with the external diameter of steel-pipe pile (1).The brill to the soil body in this step disturb construction can be drilling construction, stirring the soil body execute One or more combination in work or the construction of churning disturbed soil.In this step, can pass through hammering, vibration fills with static press piling One or more combination in putting increases pile sinking power, accelerates the insertion construction of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall.At steel-pipe pile (1) and steel-pipe pile Connect (2) to insert after the soil body, can by power set (5), certainly enter drilling rod (7), certainly enter after drill bit (6) is removed to be installed on next root steel On pile tube (1), it is achieved reusing of these three parts.In this step, can start on two or many steel-pipe piles (1) simultaneously Power set (5), and it is contrary two-by-two to make the power set (5) on two or many steel-pipe piles (1) turn to, and makes to turn to phase reaction force Device is connected as an entirety, can eliminate rotating torque, it is simple to construction.Thus complete the 4th step of the present embodiment, enter the 5th step. In this step, repeat step a) to step d), insert steel-pipe pile (1) by root and be connected with steel-pipe pile (2), and make adjacent steel pipe Stake (1) can keep off the steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall of soil sealing by being connected (2) formation with steel-pipe pile, completes the first continuous piling wall and inserts Construction.The first of the present invention continuous piling wall construction method, because having disturbed the soil body in steel-pipe pile (1) when inserting construction Dynamic, be conducive to the hole that the soil body timely filling pile pulling after the disturbance in steel-pipe pile (1) stays when extracting construction, thus reduce Pile pulling traction settles, and the soil body in steel-pipe pile (1) bores in the case of disturbing sufficiently, the most disturbs formation mud by brill, preferably exists When steel-pipe pile extracts construction or after extracting construction, in the soil body disturbed by brill, mix cement, in order to pile pulling after-hardening bore disturb loosening The soil body.
As the as shown in Fig. 4~Figure 11 the 3rd embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is introduce the present invention second Plant continuous piling wall construction method and step.The present embodiment and second embodiment have many similarities, with second embodiment Difference utilize exactly the method for directly boring to be beneficial to steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component is installed, at adjacent studs drilling construction and steel pipe Pile element is similar to second enforcement when installing, and utilizes the steel-pipe pile formerly installed to connect (2) and controls at rear drilling construction and steel The direction that pile tube (1) is installed, to guarantee the adjacent parallel not bifurcated of steel-pipe pile (1).In the present embodiment, after directly using boring Placing steel tubes stake (1), because drilling rod can conveniently connect, and after boring, steel-pipe pile (1) is installed and convenient, is therefore particularly suitable for deep The overlength, the ultra-deep that use in layer underground space development keep off soil water sealing structure.The present embodiment the present invention is discussed in detail with lower part The second continuous piling wall construction method.In the first step of the present embodiment, steel-pipe pile connection (2) is installed on steel-pipe pile (1), Making steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component, implementation is with first and second embodiment;Enter the second step of the present embodiment.At this In step, steel-pipe pile (1) and the steel-pipe pile that is connected on steel-pipe pile (1) are connected the steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component that (2) form and executes Work is in rock mass or the soil body, and utilizes steel-pipe pile to connect the guiding that (2) construct as next root adjacent steel pile tube diaphragm wall component Control device (20), shown in Fig. 6.In figure 6, steel-pipe pile connection (2) is for be socketed with male and female form, as shown in Figure 8, i.e. If the upper steel-pipe pile connected of the steel-pipe pile formerly constructed (1) connects (2) box, the then steel-pipe pile being connected with the neighbour's stake of next root Connecting (2) is pin thread, and it is pin thread that the upper steel-pipe pile of steel-pipe pile (1) as formerly constructed connects (2), then be connected with the neighbour's stake of next root Steel-pipe pile connect (2) be box;In order to express easily, in the present embodiment, the steel-pipe pile formerly constructed connects (2) and is referred to as leading To controlling device (20), being connected with guide control device (20) and can controlling the device of construction direction is guider (15).Complete The second step of cost implementation, enters the 3rd step.In this step, one section of steel-pipe pile connection or steel-pipe pile connection is installed on As the guider (15) of piling machinery construction on piling machinery, and it is directed to device (15) and the guiding of installation in step b) Control device (20) to connect, as shown in Fig. 4 Yu Fig. 7.Guide control device (20) is permissible with the type of attachment of guider (15) It is various, it is only necessary to guarantee that guider (15) can be mutually shifted with guide control device (20).In the present embodiment, Give the type of attachment as shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 7, Fig. 8.As Fig. 4, Fig. 7 are with shown in Fig. 8, and steel-pipe pile (1) is formerly construct Component, therefore the box that the cross section being connected on steel-pipe pile (1) is primary and secondary " C " shape is guide control device (20), is positioned over and leads Guider (18) in controlling device (20) is cylinder or two ends are the cylinder of taper, guide control device (20) with lead Gap is left, in order to can relative slide between guide control device (20) with guider (18) between device (18).Guider (18) adapter (17) can be passed through to be connected with sleeve (16), sleeve (16) for be enclosed within drilling rod (29) outside and can be with drilling rod (29) phase To the component rotated, it can be bearing or the internal diameter tubular structure not less than drilling rod (29) external diameter.So by guider (18), connect Connect device (17) and sleeve (16) constitutes the guider (15) of controlling drilling head (30) drilling direction.Complete the of the present embodiment Three steps, enter the 4th step.In this step, in piling machinery work progress, utilize leading in rock mass or the soil body of formerly constructing Pile direction is controlled, in drawing of guider (15) to the guider (15) controlling device (20) and be arranged on piling machinery Leading down, the drilling construction of piling machinery can creep into along guide control device (20) all the time, first completes (19) construction of holing.Then Take out drill bit (30), the steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component made is connected (2) by steel-pipe pile and is formerly constructed in the soil body Steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component connects, and inserts the ground after drawing hole or the soil body, as shown in Fig. 5 Yu Fig. 9, completes pile body construction.At this In embodiment, arrange in the both sides of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component steel-pipe pile connect (2), side as guider (15) with formerly The steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component of construction connects and controls steel-pipe pile (1) installation direction, and the steel-pipe pile of other side connects can As next root adjacent to the guide control device (20) of the construction of pile body, as shown in Figure 9, Figure 10, complete the stake that next root is neighbouring The construction of the guide control device (20) needed for body construction.Thus complete the 4th step of the present embodiment.Enter the 5th step.This step Repeat the 3rd step and the 4th step, complete the construction of many piles body, as shown in figure 11, through being repeated several times, continuous piling wall can be completed Construction.
As the present invention the 4th embodiment as shown in Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 30, main purpose is to introduce the basis of the present invention Second case of the second continuous piling wall construction method of invention, the present embodiment is similar to the 3rd of the present invention the embodiment. It is that with the difference of the 3rd embodiment the guiding being connected that guides containing 2 that have employed as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13 controls dress Put (20) and corresponding guider (15).Compared with the advantage of the 3rd embodiment, the present embodiment is that direction controlling is more preferable, and Between guiding connect at 2, seam scraper (28) can be installed, insert in work progress at drilling construction or steel-pipe pile (1) and utilize The soil body between adjacent stake removed by seam scraper (28).Scraper (28) can be the steel plate matched with adjacent stake seam shape, as Shown in Figure 30.After steel-pipe pile (1) insertion construction completes, can be formed at materials such as this position concrete perfusion, cement mortar, mortars Seamless and firm piling wall continuously.
As the as shown in Figure 14~Figure 17 the 5th embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is introduce the present invention the 3 Plant continuous piling wall construction method and step.In the first step of the present embodiment, with on-the-spot, pile body can be positioned in conjunction with drawing, complete the One step, enters second step.In this step, second embodiment~the 4th method described in embodiment can be used, at ground Or the soil body completes the construction of guide control device (20).In the present embodiment, highlight drill-pouring piling method to complete to lead To the construction controlling device (20).As shown in figure 14, can be directed to control device (20) peace when cast-in-situ bored pile (21) is constructed Being contained on steel reinforcement cage (22), when pile concrete pours, the hole being directed to control in device (20) by strip structure is close Envelope, takes out this strip structure after concrete initial set, i.e. defines guide control device (20) in bored concrete pile, complete this reality Execute the second step of example.3rd step to the 5th step of the present embodiment is similar to the 3rd of the present invention the embodiment, and its difference is main The pile body construction being is cast-in-situ bored pile, because cast-in-situ bored pile is mature technology, repeats no more.
As the as shown in Figure 18~Figure 21 the 6th embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is introduce the present invention the 3 Plant second case of continuous piling wall construction method.The present embodiment is similar to the 5th of the present invention the embodiment.With the 5th reality Execute the difference of example and be following two aspects, first, the piling machinery used is cement-soil stirring pile construction machinery, construction Pile body is cement mixing method (23);Second, the guide control device (20) used is for inserting in cement mixing method (23) Rod-like structure, guider (15) is enclosed within control direction in rod-like structure, can use drilling rod (29) or be connected to drilling rod (29) On tubular element as guider (15).Shown in Figure 18~23 for triaxial cement mixing pile, can use twin shaft or its The cement mixing method of his form.
As the as shown in Figure 22~Figure 25 the 7th embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is introduce the present invention the 3 Plant the 3rd case of continuous piling wall construction method.The present embodiment is similar to the 5th of the present invention the embodiment.With the 5th reality Execute the difference of example and be following two aspects, first, the piling machinery used is Construction of High Pressure Jet Grouting Pile machinery, the stake of construction Body is high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile (24);Second, the guide control device (20) used is shaft-like for insert in high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile (24) Structure, the guider used (15) is enclosed within control direction in rod-like structure, and guider (15) includes being enclosed within guiding control The guider (18) in device (20) outside, adapter (17) and sleeve (16) three part composition, sleeve therein (16) is enclosed within height Drilling rod (29) outside of pressure rotary-spraying stake machine.
As the as shown in Figure 26~Figure 29 the 8th embodiment of the present invention, main purpose is introduce the present invention the 3 Plant the 4th case of continuous piling wall construction method.The present embodiment is similar to the 5th of the present invention the embodiment.With the 5th reality Execute the difference of example and be following two aspects, first, the machinery used is the chute forming machine of diaphram wall, and construction is formed Body of wall is diaphram wall (25).Because construction of diaphragm wall needs segmentation to carry out, when diaphram wall is deeper, it may appear that dividing Section seam crossing jag problem, therefore can use the third continuous piling wall construction method of the present invention to be overcome;Second, guide control Device processed (20) is installed on the segmentation body of wall formerly constructed, and guider (15) is installed on grabbing of chute forming machine when trenching construction On bucket (26), may be disposed on wall steel bar (27) when installing wall steel bar (27) construction.
This patent includes but not limited to other construction methods of the alternative use of professional person in this area.

Claims (16)

1. a continuous piling wall construction method, comprises the following steps:
A) steel-pipe pile connection (2) is installed on steel-pipe pile (1), makes steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component;
B) by steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall location to be onstructed, by power set (5), certainly enter drilling rod (7), certainly enter drill bit (6) and be fixed on On the steel-pipe pile (1) of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component, will certainly enter drill bit (6) and be positioned over the bottom of steel-pipe pile (1), by power set (5) it is installed on the top of steel-pipe pile (1), by certainly entering drilling rod (7), power set (5) is connected with from entering drill bit (6);
C) steel-pipe pile (1) utilizing steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component doubles as pile frame by steel-pipe pile (1) and the steel that is attached on steel-pipe pile Pile tube connects (2), power set (5), certainly enters drilling rod (7), certainly enters drill bit (6) and adjust to drilling direction consistent;
D) start power set (5), rotating torque is transferred to from entering drill bit (6), by certainly entering drill bit by certainly entering drilling rod (7) (6) rotation carries out steel-pipe pile (1) position soil body brill and disturbs construction;Steel-pipe pile (1) is utilized to be connected the deadweight conduct of (2) with steel-pipe pile Pile sinking power or the part as pile sinking power, make the steel-pipe pile (1) of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component connect (2) together with steel-pipe pile and insert Bore in the soil body after disturbing;
E) repeat step b) to step d), insert steel-pipe pile (1) by root and be connected with steel-pipe pile (2), and make adjacent steel pile tube (1) lead to Cross steel-pipe pile connection (2) and form the steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall that can keep off soil sealing.
Continuous piling wall construction method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in above-mentioned step d), starting two simultaneously Power set (5) on root or many steel-pipe piles (1), make the power set (5) on two or many steel-pipe piles (1) turn to two-by-two On the contrary, and to make to turn to contrary power set (5) to be connected as one two-by-two overall.
Continuous piling wall construction method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that in above-mentioned step d), by vibrating, Hammering increases pile sinking power with the one or more combination in static press piling method, and the insertion accelerating steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component is executed Work.
Continuous piling wall construction method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that construction disturbed by the brill in above-mentioned step d), It it is the one or more combination in drilling construction, stirring soil body construction or the construction of churning disturbed soil.
Continuous piling wall construction method the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that in above-mentioned step e), at steel-pipe pile even After continuous wall member inserts construction and used, extract steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component, and in boring the soil body after disturbing, mix cement Slurry, the soil body after disturbing is bored in hardening.
6. the constructing device used by continuous piling wall construction method described in claim 1, is characterized in that including steel-pipe pile (1), steel-pipe pile connect (2), power set (5), certainly enter drill bit (6), certainly enter drilling rod (7) five part, steel-pipe pile therein (1) is Consequence of having constructed is carried water the main force structure of soil pressure, and steel-pipe pile connects (2) for being positioned at phase between adjacent steel pile tube (1) Soil pressure between adjacent steel-pipe pile (1) is transferred to the structure of steel-pipe pile (1), and power set (5) can on steel-pipe pile (1) for being arranged on To provide the device of rotating torque, certainly enter drill bit (6) and disturb loosening utensil for being positioned at bottom steel-pipe pile (1) to bore the soil body, certainly enter Drilling rod (7) is for being connected to power set (5) and being transferred to by the power of power set (5) between drill bit (6) from entering drill bit from entering (6) rod-like structure.
Constructing device the most according to claim 6, is characterized in that installing fluid perfusion dress at above-mentioned steel-pipe pile (1) inwall Putting (9), fluid filling device (9) is by water or mud or to grout in the device that brill is disturbed in the soil body.
8. a continuous piling wall construction method, comprises the following steps:
A) steel-pipe pile connection (2) is installed on steel-pipe pile (1), makes steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component;
B) steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component is constructed in rock mass or the soil body, and it is adjacent as next root to utilize steel-pipe pile to connect (2) The guide control device (20) of steel-pipe pile diaphragm wall component construction;
C) can connect, along steel-pipe pile, the component moved in (2) direction and be installed on piling machinery the guiding as piling machinery construction Device (15), and be directed to device (15) and be connected with guide control device (20);
D) in piling machinery work progress, utilize the guide control device (20) formerly constructed in rock mass or the soil body and install Guider (15) on piling machinery controls pile direction, carries out pile body construction, and the pile body installing next root neighbouring is executed Guide control device (20) needed for work;
E) repeat step c) to step d), complete the construction of many piles body, form continuous piling wall.
9. a continuous piling wall construction method, comprises the following steps:
A) pile body or segmentation underground wall body are positioned;
B) in rock mass or the soil body, construction guidance controls device (20);
C) piling machinery or the grooving equipment of guider (15) and the guiding in rock mass or the soil body of formerly constructing will be installed Control device (20) to connect;
D) during piling machinery or grooving equipment construction, the guide control device in rock mass or the soil body of formerly constructing is utilized (20) control pile or Cheng Qiang direction with the guider (15) being arranged on piling machinery or grooving equipment, carry out pile body or divide Section underground wall body construction, and the guide control device needed for wall construction is installed under the pile body of neighbouring subsequent construction or piecewise (20);
E) repeat step c) to step d), complete many piles body or the construction of multistage segmentation underground wall body, form continuous piling wall.
The most according to Claim 8, the continuous piling wall construction method or described in claim 9, is characterized in that above-mentioned piling machinery Refer to the equipment of pile in rock mass or the soil body, including pile-driving machine, convolution rig, mixing pile machine, twist bit, rotary churning pile One or more combination in rig, boulder cracker, soil compaction or soil taking hole forming stake machine;Above-mentioned grooving equipment refers at rock In body or the soil body, construction forms the equipment in channel-shaped space, including continuous wall trench underground machine, slotter.
The 11. continuous piling wall construction methods according to Claim 8 or described in claim 9, is characterized in that above-mentioned piling machinery It it is the one or more combination in construction oblique or horizontal direction pipe canopy, anchor pole, taper pile construction equipment.
The constructing device used by continuous piling wall construction method described in 12. 1 kinds of claim 8 or claim 9, is characterized in that Including piling machinery or grooving machinery, guider (15) and guide control device (20) three part, guiding therein controls dress Put (20) for be installed in the stake formerly constructed or segmentation subterranean wall, for controlling stake or the segmentation subterranean wall of neighbouring rear construction The device of construction direction, guider (15) for be installed on piling machinery or grooving mechanically and with guide control device (20) phase It is connected to control stake or the device of segmentation subterranean wall construction direction.
13. constructing devices according to claim 12, it is characterized in that being positioned on guider (15) adjacent stake or Seam scraper (28) between segmentation subterranean wall, seam scraper (28) is to remove in stake or segmentation subterranean wall work progress Adjacent stake or the utensil of the neighbouring segmentation subterranean wall seam crossing soil body.
14. constructing devices according to claim 6, is characterized in that the above-mentioned drill bit (6) that certainly enters is spiral lamina drill bit, stirring One or more combination in stake drill bit, drilled pile drill bit, rotary churning pile drill bit.
15. 1 kinds of continuous piling wall construction methods, comprise the following steps:
A) bored concrete pile to be onstructed in rock mass or the soil body, cement mixing method or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile are positioned;
Guide control device (20) b) is installed on the steel reinforcement cage of bored concrete pile or is inserted into rod-like structure work at cement mixing method It is inserted into rod-like structure as guide control device (20) for guide control device (20) or at high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile, and completes perfusion Stake, cement mixing method or the construction of high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile;
C) the bored concrete pile machinery of guider (15), cement-soil mixing pile machine tool or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile machinery will be installed with formerly The guide control device (20) in rock mass or the soil body of constructing connects;
D) in bored pile machinery, cement-soil mixing pile machine tool or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile machinery work progress, utilize formerly construct in Guide control device (20) in rock mass or the soil body be arranged on bored concrete pile machinery, cement-soil mixing pile machine tool or high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile Guider (15) on machine controls pile direction, carries out pile body construction, and installs neighbouring follow-up according to the method for step b) Pile body construction needed for guide control device (20);
E) repetition step c) is to step d), completes many piles body construction, forms continuous piling wall.
16. continuous piling wall construction methods according to claim 15, is characterized in that in above-mentioned step b), above-mentioned Insert the hollow tubular structure parallel with drilling rod (29) when cement mixing method or Construction of High Pressure Jet Grouting Pile or drilling rod is made as Hollow tubular structure, is then inserted into rod-like structure as controlling device (20) at hollow tubular structure.
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