CN106007524B - A kind of ground polymers wall thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof that porosity gradient is controllable - Google Patents

A kind of ground polymers wall thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof that porosity gradient is controllable Download PDF

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CN106007524B
CN106007524B CN201610345257.XA CN201610345257A CN106007524B CN 106007524 B CN106007524 B CN 106007524B CN 201610345257 A CN201610345257 A CN 201610345257A CN 106007524 B CN106007524 B CN 106007524B
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alkali metal
added
flyash
geo
heat preservation
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CN106007524A (en
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黄健
熊旭峰
马保国
李相国
蹇守卫
谭洪波
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/006Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing mineral polymers, e.g. geopolymers of the Davidovits type
    • C04B28/008Mineral polymers other than those of the Davidovits type, e.g. from a reaction mixture containing waterglass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/02Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding chemical blowing agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/10Production of cement, e.g. improving or optimising the production methods; Cement grinding
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of ground polymers wall thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof that porosity gradient is controllable, there is bubble inside the heat preservation plate material, and bubble inside heat preservation plate material with thickness distribution gradient.Preparation method is:Alkali metal hydroxide and alkali metal silicate aqueous solution and water are mixed, alkali metal hydroxide is set to be completely dissolved, then flyash is added and forms geo-polymer slurry, and foaming agent is added into geo-polymer slurry and foams, dispersant and thickener are added, last injection molding, maintenance, demoulding obtain the controllable ground polymers wall thermal insulation board of porosity gradient.Not only compression strength is big for heat preservation plate material of the present invention, and thermal coefficient is low, and porosity is big, bubble is inside heat preservation plate material with thickness distribution gradient, heat insulation effect can not only be improved, the negative wind pressure of bigger can be born for building masonry wall heat preservation, it is possible to prevente effectively from falling object from high altitude.

Description

A kind of ground polymers wall thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof that porosity gradient is controllable
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of external-wall heat-insulation materials and preparation method thereof, belong to building material technical field.
Background technology
With the improvement of living standards with the development of architecture science, people to building exterior wall heat preserving performance requirement increasingly Height, correspondingly to architecture exterior wall insulating materials, more stringent requirements are proposed.
It is light, thermal coefficient is low, protects currently, it is organic insulation material that common thermal insulation material, which mainly has two major classes, one kind, Warm nature can be good, but there is also the toxic micromolecular compound of release inflammable, easy to aging, durability is poor the shortcomings of, have cause fire, The hidden danger such as health are influenced, just gradually by market;In addition one kind is inorganic heat insulation material, safety high with intensity, It outstanding advantages of durable, high temperature resistant, is gradually valued by people, heat-insulating property is also constantly being promoted, but existing inorganic guarantor Adiabator also has certain deficiency for exterior-wall heat insulation in terms of the wind load for bearing building, and there are the hidden danger of falling from high altitude.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to aiming at the above shortcomings existing in the prior art, provide a kind of porosity The controllable ground polymers wall thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof of gradient, the wind load for the building which can bear is more Greatly, in addition, preparation method simple process and low cost of the present invention, can also efficiently use trade waste.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of ground polymers wall thermal insulation board that porosity gradient is controllable is provided, there is bubble inside the heat preservation plate material, And bubble is inside heat preservation plate material with thickness distribution gradient.
Preferably, the thickness of the heat preservation plate material is 30~70mm.
The present invention also provides the preparation methods of the controllable ground polymers wall thermal insulation board of above-mentioned porosity gradient:By alkali metal Hydroxide and the mixing of alkali metal silicate aqueous solution and water, make alkali metal hydroxide be completely dissolved, fine coal are then added Ash forms geo-polymer slurry, elemental mole ratios n in geo-polymer slurryAl/nSiFor 0.28~0.34, nNa/nAlIt is 1.49 ~3.35, nNa/nSiIt is 0.50~1.10, foams then to foaming agent is added in geo-polymer slurry, then be separately added into Dispersant and thickener, last injection molding, maintenance, demoulding obtain the controllable ground polymers wall thermal insulation board of porosity gradient.
Flyash is the waste that generates after thermal power generation, it is contemplated that total volume of cargo in storage to the year two thousand twenty China flyash is up to More than 30 hundred million tons.Waste, and prepared heat preservation can not only be efficiently used by preparing heat preservation plate material using flyash for raw material Plank also has the characteristics that light.
By said program, the preparation method of the alkali metal silicate aqueous solution is:Alkali metal hydroxide is dissolved in water In obtain aqueous slkali, then heat aqueous slkali to 80~90 DEG C, SiO is then added2Powder, stirring make it completely dissolved, cooling It to room temperature, is diluted with water to obtain alkali metal silicate aqueous solution, modulus is 3.10~3.40, and density is 1.2~1.4g/cm3
By said program, the alkali metal hydroxide is sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide.Alkali metal hydrogen is added in the present invention The viscosity of the adjustable gained geo-polymer slurry of oxide.
By said program, the flyash is F grades of flyash, wherein Al2O3+SiO2+Fe2O3Weight content>70%, alkali Metal metasilicate saline solution addition is the 35~73% of flyash quality, and the addition of alkali metal hydroxide is fine coal grey matter The 10~30% of amount.
By said program, the foaming agent is the mixture of silicon ash and aluminium powder, and foaming agent addition is the 7 of flyash quality ~25%.Silicon ash in foaming agent can improve the mobility of gained geo-polymer slurry.
Preferably, the foaming agent is by silicon ash and aluminium powder in mass ratio 100:1 is mixed to get.
Preferably, the average grain diameter of the silicon ash is 0.1~0.3 μm, and the aluminum powder particle size is 10~35 μm.
By said program, the dispersant is poly-vinyl alcohol solution, and dispersant addition is the 3~5% of flyash quality; The thickener is cellulose ether, and thickener addition is the 2~9% of flyash quality.Dispersant and thickener adjustably gather The dispersibility and viscosity of object slurry, to make bubble gradient distribution under the action of buoyancy and cohesive force of generation.
Preferably, the maintaining process is:It is placed in 18~28h of heat preservation in 70~85 DEG C of constant temperature ovens.
The foam theory of the present invention is reacted with alkali metal hydroxide using the elemental silicon silicon or aluminium powder that dissociate in silicon ash It generates hydrogen to foam, adds the dispersibility that poly-vinyl alcohol solution increases slurry, it is viscous that slurry is adjusted by cellulose ether Degree, to control distribution of the bubble in heat preservation plate material.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Heat preservation plate material of the present invention not only compression strength it is big (up to 9.4~ 14.9MPa), thermal coefficient is low (for 0.05~0.074W/mK), and flame retardant property is good (flame retardant rating is B1 grades), and hole Rate is big, and bubble inside heat preservation plate material with thickness distribution gradient, heat insulation effect can not only be improved, be used for building wall Body keeps the temperature the negative wind pressure that can bear bigger, it is possible to prevente effectively from falling object from high altitude.In addition, preparation method of the present invention is simple, use Silicon ash and al powder mixt are as foaming agent, and not only foaming effect is good, but also compared with prior art (with Al and H2O2As foaming Agent) the by-product silicon ash that reduces cost, while being effectively utilized during big industry is smelted, contribute to environmental protection.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the heat preservation plate material prepared by the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Specific implementation mode
To make those skilled in the art more fully understand technical scheme of the present invention, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention make into One step is described in detail.
Flyash used in the embodiment of the present invention is F grades of flyash, wherein Al2O3+SiO2+Fe2O3Weight content>70%. Cellulose ether number average molecular weight used is 10~150,000.
Embodiment 1
Prepare alkali metal silicate aqueous solution:It weighs 1mol sodium hydroxides to be added in 100g water, being sufficiently stirred makes alkali metal Hydroxide is completely dissolved to obtain aqueous slkali, and heating aqueous slkali is to 80-90 DEG C, then by 99.6g SiO2Powder (1.66mol) It is slowly added in aqueous slkali, is stirred continuously, make it completely dissolved, wait for that solution is cooled to room temperature, add water to obtain density to be 1.33g/cm3Alkali metal silicate aqueous solution, modulus 3.32.
Prepare dispersant:0.4g polyvinyl alcohol (PVA-1788) is weighed, is slowly added into 95 DEG C of 200g distilled water, no Disconnected stirring makes it completely dissolved, and after solution is cooled to room temperature plus water is quantified to 300g to get poly-vinyl alcohol solution.
Prepare ground polymers wall thermal insulation board:
3.9Kg waterglass and 1.1Kg sodium hydroxides and the mixing of 4.2kg water are weighed, is stirred continuously with poking bar, makes NaOH Solid is completely dissolved, and forms uniform aqueous solution, and the 11.15Kg flyash weighed up is then added and is sufficiently stirred to form geology polymerization Object slurry (elemental mole ratios n in geo-polymer slurryAl/nSiIt is 0.34, nNa/nAlIt is 1.49, nNa/nSiFor 0.50), and to It is added and is sent out into 0.78Kg foaming agents (silicon ash and aluminium powder in mass ratio 100 in geo-polymer slurry:1 is mixed to get) it is stirred continuously It foams, the poly-vinyl alcohol solution of the above-mentioned preparations of 0.33Kg is then added into slurry again as dispersant, is sufficiently stirred It is even, the cellulose ether of 1.01Kg is finally added thereto, is stirred continuously, it is close in the mold that the slurry being stirred injection is got ready Envelope, is put into 70 DEG C or so of baking oven and conserves 28h, and the controllable ground polymers wall thermal insulation board of porosity gradient is obtained after demoulding (thickness 30mm).
Gained heat preservation plate material is tested for the property, test result is:Compression strength is 9.4MPa, and thermal coefficient is 0.074W/mK, flame retardant rating are B1 grades, unit weight 750kg/m3.Heat preservation plate material is cut, interior porosity can be observed Greatly, and bubble inside heat preservation plate material with thickness distribution gradient, structural schematic diagram is as shown in Figure 1.
Embodiment 2
Alkali metal silicate aqueous solution and dispersant are prepared using method similar to Example 1.
Prepare ground polymers wall thermal insulation board:It weighs 5.0Kg waterglass and 3.72Kg sodium hydroxides and 3.8kg water is mixed It closes, is stirred continuously with poking bar, NaOH solids is made to be completely dissolved, form uniform aqueous solution, the 12.41Kg weighed up is then added Flyash is sufficiently stirred to form geo-polymer slurry (elemental mole ratios n in geo-polymer slurryAl/nSiIt is 0.33, nNa/nAl It is 3.35, nNa/nSiFor 1.10), and it is added into geo-polymer slurry and sends out that (silicon ash is with aluminium powder by matter into 2.48Kg foaming agents Measure ratio 100:1 is mixed to get) it is stirred continuously and foams, the poly-vinyl alcohol solution of 0.62Kg is then added into slurry again, fills Divide and stir evenly, the cellulose ether of 0.98Kg is finally added thereto, is stirred continuously, the slurry being stirred is injected to the mould got ready It is sealed in tool, is put into 85 DEG C or so of baking oven and conserves 18h, the controllable ground polymers exterior wall of porosity gradient is obtained after demoulding and is protected Warm plank (thickness 70mm).
Gained heat preservation plate material is tested for the property, test result is:Compression strength is 13.4MPa, and thermal coefficient is 0.062W/mK, flame retardant rating are B1 grades, unit weight 542kg/m3
Embodiment 3
Alkali metal silicate aqueous solution and dispersant are prepared using method similar to Example 1.
Prepare ground polymers wall thermal insulation board:It weighs 11.86Kg waterglass and 2.4Kg sodium hydroxides and 1.0kg water is mixed It closes, is stirred continuously with poking bar, NaOH solids is made to be completely dissolved, form uniform aqueous solution, the 16.25Kg weighed up is then added Flyash is sufficiently stirred to form geo-polymer slurry (elemental mole ratios n in geo-polymer slurryAl/nSiIt is 0.28, nNa/nAl It is 2.31, nNa/nSiFor 0.64), and it is added into geo-polymer slurry and sends out that (silicon ash is with aluminium powder by quality into 4.1Kg foaming agents Than 100:1 is mixed to get) it is stirred continuously and foams, the poly-vinyl alcohol solution of 0.7Kg is then added into slurry again, fully stirs It mixes uniformly, the cellulose ether of 0.32Kg is finally added thereto, is stirred continuously, in the mold that the slurry being stirred injection is got ready Sealing, is put into 75 DEG C or so of baking oven and conserves for 24 hours, and the controllable ground polymers external wall insulation of porosity gradient is obtained after demoulding Material (thickness 50mm).
Gained heat preservation plate material is tested for the property, test result is:Compression strength is 14.9MPa, and thermal coefficient is 0.05W/mK, flame retardant rating are B1 grades, unit weight 450kg/m3

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ground polymers wall thermal insulation board that porosity gradient is controllable, it is characterised in that:Have inside the heat preservation plate material Bubble, and bubble inside heat preservation plate material with thickness distribution gradient;
Preparation methods steps are as follows:Alkali metal hydroxide and alkali metal silicate aqueous solution and water are mixed, keep alkali golden Belong to hydroxide to be completely dissolved, then addition flyash formation geo-polymer slurry, element mole in geo-polymer slurry Compare nAl/nSiFor 0.28~0.34, nNa/nAlFor 1.49~3.35, nNa/nSiIt is 0.50~1.10, is starched then to geo-polymer Foaming agent is added in body to foam, then is separately added into dispersant and thickener, last injection molding, maintenance, demoulding obtain hole The controllable ground polymers wall thermal insulation board of rate gradient;
The preparation method of the alkali metal silicate aqueous solution is:Aqueous slkali is obtained by alkali metal hydroxide is soluble in water, so SiO is then added to 80~90 DEG C in heating aqueous slkali afterwards2Powder, stirring make it completely dissolved, and are cooled to room temperature, are diluted with water Alkali metal silicate aqueous solution is obtained, modulus is 3.10~3.40, and density is 1.2~1.4g/cm3
The foaming agent is the mixture of silicon ash and aluminium powder.
2. ground according to claim 1 polymers wall thermal insulation board, which is characterized in that the thickness of the heat preservation plate material is 30 ~70mm.
3. a kind of preparation method for the ground polymers wall thermal insulation board that porosity gradient described in claim 1 is controllable, feature It is:Alkali metal hydroxide and alkali metal silicate aqueous solution and water are mixed, alkali metal hydroxide is made to be completely dissolved, Then flyash is added and forms geo-polymer slurry, elemental mole ratios n in geo-polymer slurryAl/nSiFor 0.28~ 0.34, nNa/nAlFor 1.49~3.35, nNa/nSiBe 0.50~1.10, then in geo-polymer slurry be added foaming agent into Row foaming, then it is separately added into dispersant and thickener, last injection molding, maintenance, demoulding obtain the controllable ground of porosity gradient and gather Object wall thermal insulation board.
4. preparation method according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the preparation method of the alkali metal silicate aqueous solution For:Aqueous slkali is obtained by alkali metal hydroxide is soluble in water, aqueous slkali is then heated to 80~90 DEG C, SiO is then added2Powder End, stirring make it completely dissolved, and are cooled to room temperature, are diluted with water to obtain alkali metal silicate aqueous solution, and modulus is 3.10~ 3.40, density is 1.2~1.4g/cm3
5. preparation method according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:The alkali metal hydroxide is sodium hydroxide Or potassium hydroxide.
6. preparation method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The flyash is F grades of flyash, wherein Al2O3+ SiO2+Fe2O3Weight content>70%, alkali metal silicate aqueous solution addition is the 35~73% of flyash quality, alkali gold The addition for belonging to hydroxide is the 10~30% of flyash quality.
7. preparation method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The foaming agent addition is the 7 of flyash quality ~25%.
8. preparation method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The foaming agent by silicon ash and aluminium powder in mass ratio 100:1 is mixed to get.
9. preparation method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The dispersant is poly-vinyl alcohol solution, dispersant Addition is the 3~5% of flyash quality;The thickener be cellulose ether, thickener addition be flyash quality 2~ 9%.
10. preparation method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The maintaining process is:It is placed in 70~85 DEG C of constant temperature 18~28h is kept the temperature in baking oven.
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CN106747622A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-31 中国科学院青岛生物能源与过程研究所 The preparation method of a kind of ground polymers fire-retardant heat insulation plate
CN106747621A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-31 中国科学院青岛生物能源与过程研究所 A kind of preparation method of waterproof, non-ignitable flyash/metakaolin base warming plate
CN109928681A (en) * 2017-05-06 2019-06-25 湖南七纬科技有限公司 A kind of resource utilization method of ceramic tile polishing powder

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