CN106006056B - Lower cassette method - Google Patents

Lower cassette method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106006056B
CN106006056B CN201610557035.4A CN201610557035A CN106006056B CN 106006056 B CN106006056 B CN 106006056B CN 201610557035 A CN201610557035 A CN 201610557035A CN 106006056 B CN106006056 B CN 106006056B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
plate
support
support box
cassette
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Active
Application number
CN201610557035.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106006056A (en
Inventor
薛博勋
彭涛
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Chengdu Soontrue Rainbow Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Chengdu Soontrue Rainbow Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610557035.4A priority Critical patent/CN106006056B/en
Publication of CN106006056A publication Critical patent/CN106006056A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/06De-stacking from the bottom of the stack
    • B65G59/067De-stacking from the bottom of the stack articles being separated substantially perpendicularly to the axis of the stack
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/10De-stacking nested articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/025Boxes

Abstract

The present invention relates to machining mounted box field, cassette method is specifically descended, a support box of bottom is fallen vertically in the support box stacked, and the support box of lower backwardness is pushed by level, and the support box after level push is pushed downwards again to be sent so that the support box is fallen into conveyer belt.The movement locus for asking box to fall is adjusted to by our rule:It is vertical horizontal vertical again, add the process of a horizontal push, the possibility that lifting adsorption element interacts with transmission belt can thus be got rid of, after support box after horizontal movement moves to the top of transmission belt, recycle lower selection structure to hold in the palm box push, support box is fallen in transmission belt, the either transmission belt of what model, after this method has been used, it can be engaged with lower case structure, without being adjusted or improving again.

Description

Lower cassette method
Technical field
The present invention relates to machining mounted box field, cassette method is specifically descended.
Background technology
In existing machinery processing mounted box field, after the completion of the Product processing of mounted box is treated, it usually needs mounted box operation is performed, But existing mounted box is essentially all to be held in the palm by being by hand directly put into food in box, and the support box being stacked is often Need manually to put, in order to which product can be dropped into automatically in support box.
For the above situation, the applicant has applied for the existing patent being improved for mounted box process, such as patent application Number it is CN201520254060.6, applying date 2015.04.24, the practicality of entitled " the lower case structure of food box packing machine " is new Type patent, its technical scheme are:It the utility model is related to field of food processing machinery and equipment, specifically food box packing machine Lower case structure, including fixed frame, multiple backplates of fixed support box position, the adjacent shield are installed in the fixed frame Fork plate, the fork plate and fork plate cylinders are provided between plate, sucker is provided with below the backplate, the sucker bottom connects It is connected to sucker cylinder.
Although above-mentioned patent solves the problems, such as box under automating in the prior art, but in actual applications, it is above-mentioned to set It is standby it to be separately subjected to lower box well when for stacking the close situation of comparison between support box and support box, due to The said equipment needs by the edge of the support box of lower box have more obvious horizontal sides, be so easy to support box that fork plate insertion is laminated it Between, but Tuo He producers ask the edge of box to be often not provided with more obvious horizontal sides, in addition for cost-effective consideration Stacked closely between support box, so above-mentioned lower case structure occurs that fork plate can not accurately be inserted into phase in actual applications The problem of between neighbour's support box so as to cause to ask box not to be precisely separating, and existing lower case structure structure is varied, not Transmission mechanism that can be directly with transmission support box is directly used cooperatively, and existing conveyer must be changed by also resulting in many producers Structure.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome existing lower case structure occur in actual applications can not general existing transmission mechanism the problem of, A kind of currently proposed lower cassette method.
To realize above-mentioned technical purpose, technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of lower cassette method, it is characterised in that:A support box of bottom falls vertically in the support box stacked, lower backwardness Box is ask to be pushed by level, the support box after level push is pushed downwards again to be sent so that the support box is fallen into conveyer belt.
Comprise the following steps that:
A. the multiple support boxes stacked are placed in the support box parking space crowded around and formed by backplate;
B. the side of front, rear, left and right four of box parking space is ask each to be set at least provided with a fork plate, former and later two directions Two fork plates put are first group of fork plate, and two fork plates that left and right direction is set are second group of fork plate, one group in two groups of fork plates Fork plate for rotation fork plate, its operation principle be around tie point to it is lower and on rotation come realize to hold in the palm box edge supports;Two groups Another group of fork plate in fork plate is horizontal fork plate, and its operation principle is to be realized by doing horizontal reciprocating movement to support box edge Support, during initial position, swing fork plate support lives to hold in the palm box, and horizontal fork plate does not hold support box;
C. the lifting adsorption element below multiple support boxes is risen under the support box outer bottom of bottom, to the support Implement negative-pressure adsorption in cassette bottom face;
D. lift adsorption element and persistently implement negative-pressure adsorption to the outer bottom for holding in the palm box, lifting adsorption element moves down one section After distance H, then remains stationary, now the support cassette bottom portion of bottom is downwardly convex in the presence of adsorption element is lifted, and holds in the palm box Edge is to inside contracting;The distance H mentioned in the application concrete numerical value can be entered by those skilled in the art according to actual conditions Row adjustment.
E. horizontal fork plate is inserted between the support box of bottom and penultimate support box toward the direction motion close to support box Position, hold penultimate support box;
F. rotation fork plate now rotates around tie point, and direction of rotation, so as to decontrol support box, lifts adsorption section to be rotated down Part continues to move downward, and the support box for adsorbing bottom continues to move downward, and then asks box to be pushed by level;
G. the support box after horizontal push falls in transmission belt vertically again.
After adsorption element is lifted in F-step by support box continuation absorption downwards, rotate fork plate and rotated up around tie point, support The edge of bottom one in the support box firmly now stacked, horizontal fork plate are retracted back to initial position, repeat step C.
Each horizontal fork plate is arranged at same level.
Each horizontal fork plate and rotation fork plate are arranged at same level.
Each horizontal fork plate is horizontally disposed, and is moved horizontally.
The medium position of the lifting adsorption element absorption support box.
The equipment for realizing this method is a kind of lower case structure, including support, mounted box framework, for the horizontal support for pushing support box Box conveys pushing mechanism and for the support box that box pushes downwards will to be ask to position pushing mechanism, and the mounted box is provided with the support Framework, one end of support box conveying pushing mechanism are located at below the mounted box framework, the other end of the support box conveying pushing mechanism Below support box positioning pushing mechanism, the support box conveying pushing mechanism is located at by mounted box framework, under the mounted box framework Side is additionally provided with the lifting adsorption element for adsorbing support box.
Support box is positioned in mounted box framework, and the support box of bottom after the absorption of lifting adsorption element, is fallen into support box conveying In pushing mechanism, then ask box conveying pushing mechanism that support box translation is pushed under support box positioning pushing mechanism, then hold in the palm box Positioning pushing mechanism pushes down on the support box so that the support box is fallen into follow-up conveyer belt.
The structure of mounted box framework:The mounted box framework is adjustable mounted box framework, and the adjustable mounted box framework includes can Adjustment between left and right away from installation left plate and installation right panel, adjustable fore-and-aft clearance installation foreboard and back plate, the installation are installed Left plate, installation right panel, installation foreboard and installation back plate are vertically arranged with carries out spacing backplate to support box, and the backplate is crowded around Form a support box parking space for placing support box.
Setting for fork plate is divided into two kinds of situations:
The first situation:The installation left plate and installation right panel are provided with the rotation fork plate rotated around tie point, the peace Dress foreboard and installation back plate are provided with the horizontal fork plate moved horizontally.
Second of situation:The installation left plate and installation right panel are provided with the horizontal fork plate moved horizontally, the installation Foreboard and installation back plate are provided with the rotation fork plate of tie point rotation.
For above-mentioned two situations, common ground is to have to set one group of rotation fork plate, because rotation fork plate is in reality During now support to holding in the palm box, its movement locus is to do arcuate movement from bottom to up, and up motion is realized to support box edge from below Support, horizontal fork plate existing position deviation when being horizontally inserted thus is avoided that, the problem of inaccurate plug.
Rotating fork plate includes rotation installing plate, and the rotation installing plate is fixedly connected with the first cylinder, first cylinder Output end be connected with inverted cam bearing, the inverted cam bearing is connected with fork block top, the rotation installing plate bottom Rotary shaft is horizontally arranged with, the rotary shaft passes through the middle part of fork block.First cylinder drives inverted cam bearing to do upper and lower fortune It is dynamic, so as to which upper and lower motion is done on the top with moving fork block, due to being to be connected by rotary shaft with installing plate in the middle part of fork block, so phase Corresponding fork block bottom will be with pitching the upper and lower motion of block top reversely.The both ends of rotary shaft are equivalent to tie point.
It is fluted to pitch setting on the inside of block, the bottom of the groove is provided with the crotch for catching on support box.
Horizontal fork plate includes horizontal mounting plate, and the horizontal mounting plate is connected with the second cylinder, second cylinder it is defeated Go out end and be connected with fork plate.Second cylinder drives fork plate to move horizontally, and fork plate back and forth enters or exited support box parking space.
Fork plate includes the transverse plate for being horizontally inserted between the adjacent support box stacked.The shape of transverse plate can be straight Plate shape or L-shaped, as long as specifically there is a platy structure laterally set to realize the sky between insertion support box Gap.
For the structure of adjustable part:The horizontal profile structure of the backplate is L-shaped.The backplate of L-shaped is arranged on support box and deposited Four angles between emptying, specifically it is placed on the angle position of adjacent installing plate, the support that will can be thus stacked Box carries out the spacing of entirety, makes its stacking more neat.
Installation left plate medial surface is provided with left slide rail, and installation right panel medial surface is provided with right slide rail, installs foreboard medial surface Be provided with preceding slide rail, installation back plate medial surface is provided with aft ramp, be both provided with each slide rail it is at least one can be on slide rail The sliding shoe of slip, the sliding shoe are connected with backplate.Each sliding block can slide on respective slide rail, realize each installation The horizontal plane motion of plate, it is achieved thereby that the position movement for each backplate being attached thereto, and then convert support box parking space Size.
It is provided with two sliding shoes on preceding slide rail, two sliding shoes one side phase with the first backplate and the second backplate respectively Even, the another side of the first backplate is connected with the sliding shoe on left slide rail, the another side of the second backplate and the sliding shoe on right slide rail It is connected, two sliding shoes is provided with the aft ramp, the 3rd backplate and the 4th backplate are connected on two sliding shoes.The A kind of situation is:Left plate is installed and installation right panel is adjustable, installation foreboard is adjustable, and installation back plate is fixed, and thus can be realized Adjustment for holding in the palm box parking space size.
Installation foreboard is connected with lower swivel nut, the lower lower screw rod of swivel nut connection, and the lower screw rod is connected with lower handwheel.Rotation Lower handwheel, lower screw rod rotation being driven, lower screw rod drives lower swivel nut to move forward and backward, so as to drive installation foreboard to move forward and backward, Realize the adjustment for most holding in the palm box parking space Y direction.Even if installation back plate now is fixed, overall tune is nor affected on It is whole.
Swivel nut is provided between installation left plate and installation right panel, is lived between the installation left plate and upper swivel nut by connecting plate It is dynamic to be connected, be movably connected between the installation right panel and upper swivel nut by connecting plate, the upper swivel nut is socketed with screw rod, it is described on Adjustment fixed plate is provided with below swivel nut, described upper screw rod one end is connected with handwheel, the other end and erecting in adjustment fixed plate Straight installing plate is connected, and is horizontally arranged with an at least translation slide rail in the adjustment fixed plate, translates and be provided with altogether on slide rail At least two sliding shoes, two sliding shoes are connected with installation left plate and installation right panel respectively.Said structure is used to realize that installation is left Plate moves left and right with installation right panel.
Two rows are provided with adjustment fixed plate and translate slide rail, and two translations that often row's translation slide rail includes being arranged side by side are slided Rail, is provided with sliding shoe in each translator slider, the installation right panel simultaneously with two translation slide rails positioned at right side Sliding shoe is connected, and the installation left plate is connected with two sliding shoes on the translation slide rail in left side simultaneously.
Further, one side of the 3rd backplate is connected with another sliding shoe on right slide rail, the 4th backplate While it is connected with another sliding shoe on left slide rail.Second of situation be:Install left plate and installation right panel it is adjustable, installation foreboard and Install that back plate is adjustable, it is identical to install adjustment structure and the installation foreboard of back plate, can also realize for holding in the palm box parking space size Adjustment.
The operation principle of mounted box framework:Spacing between the installation left plate and installation right panel of adjustable mounted box framework can lead to Cross and change both horizontal level realizations, the spacing installed foreboard and installed between back plate can be by changing both horizontal positions Put realization, backplate crowd around the support box parking space to be formed be used for deposit hold in the palm box, due to multiple backplates be separately mounted to installation left plate, Install in right panel, installation foreboard and installation back plate, so when these installing plates are in adjustment position, the horizontal level of backplate also can Corresponding adjustment occurs, so as to meet the requirement to depositing different size support boxes.
In particular, it is desirable to when being adjusted to adjustable mounted box framework, first to away from being adjusted, turning between left and right Dynamic upper handwheel, left-hand seat wheel drive upper screw rod rotation, and upper screw rod drives upper swivel nut to do moving forward and backward along upper spiro rod length direction, by It is movably connected in upper swivel nut and installation left plate and installation right panel by connecting plate, so installation left plate and installation right panel can be simultaneously remote Or close to upper swivel nut, along with the bottom of installation left plate and installation right panel by sliding shoe with being arranged in adjustment fixed plate Translation slide rail is connected, and by translating the guiding of slide rail, installation left plate and installation right panel can just do straight line fortune in left-right direction It is dynamic, and be to do symmetric motion relative to upper swivel nut during its motion, when installing left plate and installation right panel is simultaneously mobile, due to Two sides of the first backplate are connected by sliding shoe with the left slide rail of installation left plate, the preceding slide rail of installation foreboard respectively, so Under the guiding of two slide rails, the first backplate will move together with installation left plate, and the first backplate is in the process of motion In, two sides are stilled remain on corresponding slide rail, the second backplate, the 3rd backplate and the motion process of the 4th backplate and the first shield The motion process of plate is identical.
Secondly the fore-and-aft clearance of adjustable mounted box framework is adjusted, rotates lower handwheel, drive lower swivel nut to do along lower spiral shell Pole length direction moves forward and backward, and lower swivel nut is connected with installation foreboard, so drive installation foreboard also to move forward and backward, similarly, Because two sides of the first backplate are connected by sliding shoe with the left slide rail of installation left plate, the preceding slide rail of installation foreboard respectively, institute So that under the guiding of two slide rails, the first backplate can move forward and backward with installation foreboard, and the first backplate is in motion During, another side is stilled remain on the left slide rail of installation left plate, the fortune of the motion process of the second backplate and the first backplate Dynamic process is identical.
When plate is is fixedly mounted when attached, installation back plate is without adjustment position, and now the 3rd backplate and the 4th backplate can Without the installation left plate with side and installation right panel to be connected, only need directly to be arranged in installation back plate i.e. by sliding shoe Can.
When plate is adjustable structure when attached, connected mode and the first backplate and second of the 3rd backplate and the 4th backplate The connected mode of backplate is identical, and its motion mode is also as the first backplate and the second backplate.
Hold in the palm the structure of box conveying pushing mechanism:The support box conveying pushing mechanism includes level frame, is set on the level frame Active rotating shaft is equipped with, the both ends of the final drive shaft are respectively connected with timing belt, are provided with the timing belt for Level Promoting The push rod of box is held in the palm, the bottom of the level frame is open structure, and the active rotating shaft is connected with the first motor for driving its rotation, The other end of the timing belt is provided with driven spindle, and the active rotating shaft is installed on level frame with driven spindle.It is horizontal The bottom of frame is to facilitate support box when falling on support box transfer unit for the setting one of open structure, other parts of lower section, Level frame can be passed through by such as lifting adsorption element, second, facilitating support box can subsequently push downwards from support box conveying pushing mechanism To other stations.Theoretically, driven spindle can be also equipped with to active rotating shaft, but so cost can increase.
First motor is connected by driving belt with active rotating shaft.First motor can be servomotor, be easy to reality The forward and reverse output of existing motor.
The push rod is fixedly connected on synchronous belt surface by mounting seat, and the push rod is arranged on mounting seat inner side edge, and The push rod is laterally setting.Push rod primarily serves the effect for preferably pushing the support box fallen on driving belt forward, though So should not push rod, support box can also see off by conveyer belt, but it is possible that support nonsynchronous situation such as box is crooked.
The push rod is provided with two, and two push rods are respectively on the conveyer belt at active rotating shaft both ends, and both positions It is corresponding.Two push rods can guarantee that the both sides keep level alignment of support box.
The baffle plate for blocking support box is provided with by the driven spindle.Baffle plate blocks the support box moved, baffle plate Need realization to be fixed on specified location, can thus facilitate the processing pushed downwards to support box.
The baffle plate is arranged on the middle part of transverse link, and the transverse link is arranged in level frame, and the transverse direction Connecting rod is connected with the two sides inwall of the level frame.Transverse link can adjust transverse link according to different support box sizes Position in level frame.
First motor driven active rotating shaft rotates, and active rotating shaft drives transmission skin thereon under the cooperation of driven spindle Band starts to be driven, due to being provided with push rod on follower belt, so push rod can also take exercises with driving belt, so as to fall On driving belt support box toward level frame the other end promote, promote in place after, feed belt under the drive of the first motor, Counter motion, return to initial position.
Hold in the palm box positioning pushing mechanism:The support box positioning pushing mechanism includes positioning installation frame, the positioning installation frame bag Left socle and right support are included, is each provided with the support box neck for supporting bracket box on the inside of the left socle and right support, two Support box neck is symmetrical arranged, and the hold-down devices for pushing support box downwards are provided with above support box neck, and the support box neck leads to Neck rotating shaft is crossed with positioning installation frame to be connected.
Support box neck includes the neck transverse slat and neck swash plate being fixedly connected, shape between the neck transverse slat and neck swash plate Into angle be acute angle, the neck transverse slat and neck swash plate are connected with mounting bracket simultaneously by neck rotating shaft.Neck transverse slat and Neck swash plate can be split type attachment structure or integral structure, make as long as can guarantee that and can play support to support box With, then rotate after support box can be made freely to fall.
Hold-down devices include lower air cylinder, and the output end of the lower air cylinder is provided with down transverse beam, the down transverse beam Bottom be provided with lower pressure wheel.For in theory, only set down transverse beam can also, as long as disclosure satisfy that one to neck transverse slat Implement lower pressure in end.
The both ends of down transverse beam are respectively arranged with lower pressure wheel, and two lower pressure wheels are correspondingly arranged at positioned at left socle and the right side respectively Above the neck transverse slat front end of support.Power when lower pressure wheel enables to push is more smooth, and is not easy to collide.
The rear end of each support box neck is connected with one end of a back-moving spring, the back-moving spring other end and left socle or the right side Support connects.Back-moving spring can be with asking a part for box neck to be fixedly connected so that support box neck can receive one all the time to be allowed Its pulling force to restPose, it can thus to ask box neck to complete to fall behind under support box each, can self-return.
Back-moving spring is connected by spring base with positioning installation frame.
The adjusting bolt including forward screw thread and reverse thread, the adjustment are connected between the left socle and right support The both ends of screw rod are connected by installing swivel nut with left socle and right support screw thread, and one end of the adjusting bolt is connected with adjustment hand Take turns, adjustment swivel nut is socketed with the middle part of the adjusting bolt.Adjustment swivel nut internal thread be also with it is forward and reverse in adjusting bolt What screw thread matched.
The both ends of the adjusting bolt are also respectively provided with bearing, and bearing is fixedly linked with left socle and right support respectively. Bearing primarily serves the effect for being conveniently adjusted screw rod rotation.
Adjustable deflector apron, the adjustable deflector apron edge adjustment spiral shell are provided with the outside of the left socle and right support The vertical-horizontal direction of pole length is set.
The bottom of the left socle and right support is provided with sliding shoe, and the sliding shoe is socketed on adjustment slide rail, institute Length direction of the adjustment slide rail along adjusting bolt is stated to set.
Left socle and right support are respectively arranged with a support box neck, and support box is then located between two support box necks, two supports Box neck will ask box to hold, and now hold-down devices apply power straight down to support box neck, and support box neck is by then passing through card Groove rotating shaft is connected with left socle and right support, so when its one end is by power straight down, can be rotated around neck rotating shaft, to Under rotate to an angle after, support box loses the support force given of support box neck, now hold in the palm box can free-falling to lower transfer band On.
Specifically, during original state, support box is conveyed horizontally in positioning installation frame by adjustable deflector apron, holds in the palm box Outward flange is stuck in the acute angle between neck transverse slat and neck swash plate, and lower air cylinder drives down transverse beam to move down, and pushes horizontal stroke Two lower pressure wheels at beam bottom both ends are pushed vertically above two support box neck transverse slat front ends respectively, now two support boxes Neck can be then rotated down around neck rotating shaft, and after being rotated down certain angle, support box loses the support force that support box neck is given, this When ask box can be on free-falling to lower transfer band.It is to be connected with back-moving spring due to holding in the palm the rear end of box neck, so resetting bullet Spring can give the support pulling force that box neck rotates up always, when the lower pressure of lower air cylinder is more than the pulling force of back-moving spring, support Box neck, which can be rotated down, makes support box free-falling, and after support box falls, lower air cylinder drives down transverse beam to move up reset, Lower pressure of the box neck due to being no longer influenced by lower air cylinder is held in the palm, so in the presence of back-moving spring, support box neck can also recover To initial position, continue the work of next round.
Because asking the size category of box more, in order to adapt to various sizes of support box, adjustment handwheel can be rotated, adjusts hand Wheel drives the adjusting bolt with forward and reverse screw thread to rotate, and left socle and right support do that then in the presence of swivel nut is installed The motion in this relative or opposite direction, due to having adjustable deflector apron on left socle and right support, so in motion, two Position movement can also occur accordingly for adjustable deflector apron.And due to being provided with sliding shoe in the bottom of left socle and right support With adjustment slide rail, adjustment between the two away from when, also can guarantee that its motion path will not deviate.
Lift adsorption element:The lifting adsorption element includes absorption framework, and lifting silk is provided with the absorption framework Bar, the lower end of the elevating screw are connected with feed screw nut, and the feed screw nut is connected with the second motor, the feed screw nut bottom Portion is connected with the guiding connecting plate laterally set, is provided with the guiding connecting plate and is led with elevating screw length direction identical Xiang Zhu, the upper end of the elevating screw are connected with Suction cup assembly.
Suction cup assembly includes sucker installing plate, and the sucker installing plate is connected with the elevating screw upper end, the sucker Multiple negative pressure suckers are provided with installing plate, the negative pressure sucker connects with negative pressure source of the gas.
The left and right ends for being oriented to connecting plate are provided with two leads, and two leads, which are socketed in, to be oriented in connecting plate.
Lead is fixed on the absorption framework.
Second motor is servomotor.
Elevating screw drives Suction cup assembly to move downward under the drive of the second motor, while motion, is oriented to connection Plate is due to being socketed on lead, so lead can play a part of guide and limit so that Suction cup assembly motion when, It can be moved according to specified direction.
Specifically, when needing to adsorb support box, the second motor can drive Suction cup assembly to next segment distance first, then Stop, keeping driving Suction cup assembly to remain stationary as, wait support box by after the enough supports of mounted box framework, the second motor be further continued for Under continue drive Suction cup assembly move downward, after support box be adsorbed to specified location after, by support box conveying pushing mechanism will hold in the palm box Level is released, and then the second motor driving Suction cup assembly moves up to initial position.Process of the negative pressure sucker in absorption support box In, realize adsorption effect by the negative pressure source of the gas being attached thereto.
The advantage of the invention is that:
1st, traditional lower cassette method is exactly that directly support box is adsorbed downwards, and support box needs only to do once vertical motion, though Right action relationships are very simple, but because existing lower case structure generally all employ lifting adsorption element, and lift absorption Part can all influence each other during lifting with transmission belt, cannot carry out matching use with existing transmission belt, it is necessary to Existing transmission belt is improved, and the movement locus for asking box to fall is adjusted to by our rule:Vertically-horizontal-vertical again, The process of a horizontal push is added, can thus get rid of the possibility that lifting adsorption element interacts with transmission belt, water After flat post exercise support box moves to the top of transmission belt, recycle lower selection structure to hold in the palm box push, support box is fallen in transmission belt On, the either transmission belt of what model after this method has been used, can be engaged, without entering again with lower case structure Row adjustment improves.
2nd, it is of the invention for asking stacking cassette relatively closer or holding in the palm the unconspicuous situation of horizontal sides of box, enough will be closely overlapping Support box precisely separated.By the rotation fork plate of relative both direction box will be ask integrally to hold first, recycle lifting Last support box is pulled downward on a certain distance by adsorption element, now because rotation fork plate is not unclamped, so support box is simultaneously It will not be siphoned away by lifting adsorption element, and downward deformation can be simply produced in the place of lifting adsorption element absorption so that be whole Body is in U-shaped structure is similar to, so the edge of the support box is as this reason is shunk to middle part, just because of bottom Support box edge shunk, so the edge of penultimate support box now just revealed completely out, this when will Horizontal fork plate is directly inserted into the lower section of penultimate support box, is held.Finally rotation fork plate is rotated down, thoroughly put The support to one support box of bottom is opened, last support box can continue to move downward simultaneously under the drive of lifting adsorption element It is pushed into next station.Box under the automation for realizing the multiple support boxes stacked is circulated with this.
3rd, present invention rotation fork plate and horizontal fork plate are arranged at same level, are easy to simultaneously carry out same support box Support.
4th, at the middle part of support box bottom outer surface, this position enables to hold in the palm box for lifting adsorption element absorption of the invention In the case where receiving negative-pressure sucking, deformation is integrally more prone to, asks the surrounding of box to be easier to inside contract.
5th, traditional lower case structure is exactly that directly support box is adsorbed downwards, and support box needs only to do once vertical motion, though Right action relationships are very simple, but because existing lower case structure generally all employ lifting adsorption element, and lift absorption Part can all influence each other during lifting with transmission belt, cannot carry out matching use with existing transmission belt, it is necessary to Existing transmission belt is improved, and the movement locus for asking box to fall then is adjusted to by the application:Vertically-horizontal-vertical again, The process of a horizontal push is added, can thus get rid of the possibility that lifting adsorption element interacts with transmission belt, water After flat post exercise support box moves to the top of transmission belt, recycle lower selection structure to hold in the palm box push, support box is fallen in transmission belt On, the either transmission belt of what model after this method has been used, can be engaged, without entering again with lower case structure Row adjustment improves.
6th, the application can accurately be separated the support box of bottom under the cooperation of lifting adsorption element, be separated Support box afterwards is moved horizontally to the top of general conveyer belt, then by support box position pushing mechanism box will be ask to push down on to drop down onto it is existing Conveyer belt on, it is such be advantageous in that to avoid existing conveyer belt is transformed because being provided with lifting adsorption element, If support box is allowed to be dropped down onto under in the presence of lifting adsorption element directly on existing conveyer belt, it is necessary to which lifting adsorption element is worn Conveyer belt is crossed, so will result in trouble in the installation of reality, can not very just because existing conveyer belt size is varied The prompt lifting adsorption element by the application is directly through these conveyer belts, so present invention take advantage of that support box conveying pushing mechanism The advanced water-filling horizontal sliding of the support box absorbed is sent, recycles support box positioning pushing mechanism to hold in the palm under box and is pushed into showing for disposable type Have on conveyer belt, the problem of so avoiding to transform existing conveyer belt, while also remain lifting adsorption element, from And realize the side prop box precisely purpose of separation and general a variety of existing conveyer belts.
7th, it is of the invention for asking stacking cassette relatively closer or holding in the palm the unconspicuous situation of horizontal sides of box, enough will be closely overlapping Support box precisely separated.By the rotation fork plate of relative both direction box will be ask integrally to hold first, recycle lifting Last support box is pulled downward on a certain distance by adsorption element, now because rotation fork plate is not unclamped, so support box is simultaneously It will not be siphoned away by lifting adsorption element, and downward deformation can be simply produced in the place of lifting adsorption element absorption so that be whole Body is in U-shaped structure is similar to, so the edge of the support box is as this reason is shunk to middle part, just because of bottom Support box edge shunk, so the edge of penultimate support box now just revealed completely out, this when will Horizontal fork plate is directly inserted into the lower section of penultimate support box, is held.Finally rotation fork plate is rotated down, thoroughly put The support to one support box of bottom is opened, last support box can continue to move downward simultaneously under the drive of lifting adsorption element It is pushed into next station.Box under the automation for realizing the multiple support boxes stacked is circulated with this.
8th, mounted box framework is adjustable mounted box framework, adjustable mounted box framework can to its between left and right away from and fore-and-aft clearance enter Row adjustment, so as to drive the side-to-side dimensions of support box parking space and anteroposterior dimension to be adjusted, to adapt to various sizes of support box Carry out lower box processing.
9th, mounted box framework is provided with one group of rotation fork plate, movement locus of the rotation fork plate when realizing the support to holding in the palm box It is to do arcuate movement from bottom to up, up the support to support box edge is realized in motion from below, is thus avoided that horizontal fork plate The existing position deviation when being horizontally inserted, the problem of inaccurate plug.
10th, the application realizes the spacing adjustment of each backplate, overall structure by setting the structures such as slide rail, sliding block Simply, simple operation, it is only necessary to rotation is directly carried out to upper handwheel or lower handwheel and can be achieved with to adjustable mounted box framework The purpose that size is adjusted.
11st, two sides of the backplate of the application need installing plate adjacent with two to be respectively connected in principle, such backplate With regard to can be moved by the drive of two adjacent installing plates, but when some installing plate is fixed structure, it is located at Backplate thereon only needs to be connected with the installing plate, without being connected with adjacent mounting plate.
12nd, the installation back plate of the application can be fixed can also make it is adjustable, for actual use, Suitable mode is selected with regard to that can meet the needs of basic.
13rd, the support box fallen on can be transported to other end by the support box conveying pushing mechanism from its one end, its Purpose is in order to which the horizontal level for holding in the palm box is adjusted so that support box can be transported to the transmission belt of existing disposable type Place, avoid directly will ask box to fall within the caused situation that both can not match completely in transmission belt from vertical direction.
14th, push rod preferably can push the support box fallen on driving belt forward, the difference such as avoid the occurrence of support box is crooked The situation of step.
15th, baffle plate can will support box block, be easy to hold in the palm box pushed downwards processing when be held in actionless shape State.
16th, the support box of horizontal push can position in positioning installation frame, then be pushed down fallen downward again, Support box is fallen in the transmission belt of any model, this mode can also enable the application structure with it is existing each The transmission belt of kind model is adapted to, and avoids the trouble being improved to existing transmission belt.
17th, support box neck realizes support and the whereabouts to holding in the palm box by way of rotation, simple in construction, and in realization During, be not in error.
18th, the power when lower pressure wheel of hold-down devices enables to push is more smooth, and is not easy to collide.Wheel Structure also can enter row buffering to power, avoid the excessive wear of workpiece.
19th, back-moving spring cause hold in the palm box neck self-return, avoid every time complete support box under backwardness will also be manually The trouble for resetting it.
20th, spiral shell can be adjusted by rotating by being advantageous in that using the adjusting bolt including forward screw thread and reverse thread Bar, it can be achieved with being connected to the left socle at adjusting bolt both ends and right support while move, otherwise and the direction moved is same When close to other side, or being while away from other side, by a structure with regard to the mass motions of two parts can be controlled, by most simple The structure of change realizes effect.
21st, adjustable deflector apron can then play a part of being oriented to the support box of level push, avoid holding in the palm box hair Raw skew.
22nd, the bottom of left socle and right support is provided with sliding shoe and adjustment slide rail cooperates, can to left socle and The limition orientation that the motion of right support is played a part of.
23rd, Suction cup assembly is under the guide effect of lead, stabilization when can keep moving up and down, and sucker group Part can ensure to provide enough suction to the bottom for holding in the palm box.
24th, servomotor can control Suction cup assembly during decline, realize and stop declining and continuing the work(declined Can, cooperated with the miscellaneous part of lower case structure, realize the effect of the downward absorption and support of support box.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is lower case structure overall structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is lower case structure side structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is mounted box framework overall structure diagram.
Fig. 4 is mounted box frame facet structural representation.
Fig. 5 is mounted box framework overlooking the structure diagram.
Fig. 6 is rotation fork plate overall structure diagram.
Fig. 7 is rotation fork plate side structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 conveys pushing mechanism overall structure diagram for support box.
Fig. 9 conveys pushing mechanism side structure schematic diagram for support box.
Figure 10 is the dimensional structure diagram that support box positions pushing mechanism.
Figure 11 is the overlooking the structure diagram that support box positions pushing mechanism.
Figure 12 is side sectional view when support box positions supporting bracket box in pushing mechanism.
Figure 13 is lifting adsorption element positive structure schematic.
Figure 14 is the schematic perspective view of lifting adsorption element.
Figure 15 is the structural representation that mounted box framework uses with lifting adsorption element collocation.
In accompanying drawing:Support 100, adjustable mounted box framework 200, support box conveying pushing mechanism 300, support box positioning pushing mechanism 400, lift adsorption element 500.
Left plate 201 is installed, installation right panel 202, installation foreboard 203, back plate 204 is installed, backplate 205, rotates fork plate 206, Horizontal fork plate 207, installing plate 208 is rotated, the first cylinder 209, inverted cam bearing 210, pitches block 211, tie point 212, groove 213, crotch 214, horizontal mounting plate 215, the second cylinder 216, fork plate 217, translate slide rail 218, left slide rail 219, right slide rail 220, preceding slide rail 221, aft ramp 222, the first backplate 223, the second backplate 224, the 3rd backplate 225, the 4th backplate 226, lower spiral shell Set 227, lower screw rod 228, lower handwheel 229, upper swivel nut 230, connecting plate 231, upper screw rod 232, adjust fixed plate 233, upper handwheel 234, horizontal mounting plate 235.
Level frame 301, active rotating shaft 302, timing belt 303, push rod 304, the first motor 305, driven spindle 306, transmission Belt 307, mounting seat 308, baffle plate 309, transverse link 310.
Positioning installation frame 401, left socle 402, right support 403, support box neck 404, hold-down devices 405, neck rotating shaft 406, neck transverse slat 407, neck swash plate 408, lower air cylinder 409, down transverse beam 410, lower pressure wheel 411, back-moving spring 412, bullet Spring abutment 413, adjusting bolt 414, handwheel 415 is adjusted, adjust swivel nut 416, adjustable deflector apron 417, adjust slide rail 418.
Framework 501 is adsorbed, elevating screw 502, feed screw nut 503, the second motor 504, are oriented to connecting plate 505, lead 506, Suction cup assembly 507, sucker installing plate 508, negative pressure sucker 509.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of lower cassette method, a support box of bottom in the support box stacked is fallen vertically, the support box of lower backwardness is by water Horizontal sliding is sent, and the support box after level push is pushed downwards again to be sent so that the support box is fallen into conveyer belt.
Embodiment 2
A kind of lower cassette method, a support box of bottom falls vertically in the support box stacked, and the support box of lower backwardness is horizontal Push, the support box after level push is pushed downwards again to be sent so that the support box is fallen into conveyer belt.
Comprise the following steps that:
A. the multiple support boxes stacked are placed in the support box parking space crowded around and formed by backplate 205;
B. the side of front, rear, left and right four of box parking space is held in the palm each at least provided with a fork plate 217, former and later two sides It is first group of fork plate 217 to two fork plates 217 of setting, two fork plates 217 that left and right direction is set are second group of fork plate 217, One group of fork plate 217 in two groups of fork plates 217 is rotation fork plate 206, its operation principle be around tie point 212 to it is lower and on rotation To realize the edge supports to holding in the palm box;Another group of fork plate 217 in two groups of fork plates 217 is horizontal fork plate 207, and its operation principle is By the support for doing horizontal reciprocating movement to realize to support box edge, during initial position, rotation fork plate 206 holds support box, horizontal Fork plate 207 does not hold support box;
C. the lifting adsorption element 500 below multiple support boxes is risen under the support box outer bottom of bottom, to institute State support cassette bottom face and implement negative-pressure adsorption;
D. lift adsorption element 500 and persistently implement negative-pressure adsorption to the outer bottom for holding in the palm box, lifting adsorption element 500 is to moving down After a dynamic segment distance H, then remains stationary, now the support cassette bottom portion of bottom is convex downwards in the presence of adsorption element 500 is lifted Rise, hold in the palm the edge of box to inside contracting;The distance H mentioned in the application concrete numerical value can be by those skilled in the art according to reality Border situation is adjusted.
E. horizontal fork plate 207 is moved toward close to the direction of support box, is inserted into the support box and penultimate support box of bottom Between position, hold penultimate support box;
F. rotation fork plate 206 now rotates around tie point 212, and direction of rotation is is rotated down, so as to decontrol support box, lifting Adsorption element 500 continues to move downward, and the support box for adsorbing bottom continues to move downward, and then asks box to be pushed by level;
G. the support box after horizontal push falls in transmission belt vertically again.
When in F-step lift adsorption element 500 will hold in the palm box continue downwards absorption after, rotation fork plate 206 around tie point 212 to Upper rotation, the edge of the bottom one in the support box now stacked is held, horizontal fork plate 207 is retracted back to initial position, then Repeat step C.
Embodiment 3
A kind of lower cassette method, it is characterised in that:A support box of bottom falls vertically in the support box stacked, lower backwardness Box is ask to be pushed by level, the support box after level push is pushed downwards again to be sent so that the support box is fallen into conveyer belt.
Comprise the following steps that:
A. the multiple support boxes stacked are placed in the support box parking space crowded around and formed by backplate 205;
B. the side of front, rear, left and right four of box parking space is held in the palm each at least provided with a fork plate 217, former and later two sides It is first group of fork plate 217 to two fork plates 217 of setting, two fork plates 217 that left and right direction is set are second group of fork plate 217, One group of fork plate 217 in two groups of fork plates 217 is rotation fork plate 206, its operation principle be around tie point 212 to it is lower and on rotation To realize the edge supports to holding in the palm box;Another group of fork plate 217 in two groups of fork plates 217 is horizontal fork plate 207, and its operation principle is By the support for doing horizontal reciprocating movement to realize to support box edge, during initial position, rotation fork plate 206 holds support box, horizontal Fork plate 207 does not hold support box;
C. the lifting adsorption element 500 below multiple support boxes is risen under the support box outer bottom of bottom, to institute State support cassette bottom face and implement negative-pressure adsorption;
D. lift adsorption element 500 and persistently implement negative-pressure adsorption to the outer bottom for holding in the palm box, lifting adsorption element 500 is to moving down After a dynamic segment distance H, then remains stationary, now the support cassette bottom portion of bottom is convex downwards in the presence of adsorption element 500 is lifted Rise, hold in the palm the edge of box to inside contracting;The distance H mentioned in the application concrete numerical value can be by those skilled in the art according to reality Border situation is adjusted.
E. horizontal fork plate 207 is moved toward close to the direction of support box, is inserted into the support box and penultimate support box of bottom Between position, hold penultimate support box;
F. rotation fork plate 206 now rotates around tie point 212, and direction of rotation is is rotated down, so as to decontrol support box, lifting Adsorption element 500 continues to move downward, and the support box for adsorbing bottom continues to move downward, and then asks box to be pushed by level;
G. the support box after horizontal push falls in transmission belt vertically again.
When in F-step lift adsorption element 500 will hold in the palm box continue downwards absorption after, rotation fork plate 206 around tie point 212 to Upper rotation, the edge of the bottom one in the support box now stacked is held, horizontal fork plate 207 is retracted back to initial position, then Repeat step C.
Each horizontal fork plate 207 is arranged at same level.
Each horizontal fork plate 207 and rotation fork plate 206 are arranged at same level.
Each horizontal fork plate 207 is horizontally disposed, and is moved horizontally.
The medium position of the lifting adsorption element 500 absorption support box.
Embodiment 4
The equipment for realizing this method is a kind of lower case structure, including support 100, mounted box framework, support box is pushed for level Support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 and for the support box that pushes downwards of box will to be ask to position pushing mechanism 400, on the support 100 The mounted box framework is provided with, one end of support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 is located at below the mounted box framework, the support box conveying The other end of pushing mechanism 300 is positioned at the lower section of support box positioning pushing mechanism 400, and the support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 is positioned at dress By box framework, the lifting adsorption element 500 for adsorbing support box is additionally provided with below the mounted box framework.
Support box is positioned in mounted box framework, after the support box of bottom is adsorbed by lifting adsorption element 500, is fallen into defeated to support box Send in pushing mechanism 300, then ask box conveying pushing mechanism 300 that support box translation is pushed into support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 Under, then ask box positioning pushing mechanism 400 to push down on the support box so that the support box is fallen into follow-up conveyer belt.
The present invention operation principle be specially:
A. the multiple support boxes stacked are placed in the support box parking space crowded around and formed by backplate 205;
B. the side of front, rear, left and right four of box parking space is held in the palm each at least provided with a fork plate 217, former and later two sides It is first group of fork plate 217 to two fork plates 217 of setting, two fork plates 217 that left and right direction is set are second group of fork plate 217, One group of fork plate 217 in two groups of fork plates 217 is rotation fork plate 206, its operation principle be around tie point 212 to it is lower and on rotation To realize the edge supports to holding in the palm box;Another group of fork plate 217 in two groups of fork plates 217 is horizontal fork plate 207, and its operation principle is By the support for doing horizontal reciprocating movement to realize to support box edge, during initial position, rotation fork plate 206 holds support box, horizontal Fork plate 207 does not hold support box;
C. the lifting adsorption element 500 below multiple support boxes is risen under the support box outer bottom of bottom, to institute State support cassette bottom face and implement negative-pressure adsorption;
D. lift adsorption element 500 and persistently implement negative-pressure adsorption to the outer bottom for holding in the palm box, lifting adsorption element 500 is to moving down After a dynamic segment distance H, then remains stationary, now the support cassette bottom portion of bottom is convex downwards in the presence of adsorption element 500 is lifted Rise, hold in the palm the edge of box to inside contracting;The distance H mentioned in the application concrete numerical value can be by those skilled in the art according to reality Border situation is adjusted.
E. horizontal fork plate 207 is moved toward close to the direction of support box, is inserted into the support box and penultimate support box of bottom Between position, hold penultimate support box;
F. rotation fork plate 206 now rotates around tie point 212, and direction of rotation is is rotated down, so as to decontrol support box, lifting Adsorption element 500 continues to move downward, and the support box for adsorbing bottom continues to move downward, and then asks box to be pushed by level;
G. the support box after horizontal push falls in transmission belt vertically again.
When in F-step lift adsorption element 500 will hold in the palm box continue downwards absorption after, rotation fork plate 206 around tie point 212 to Upper rotation, the edge of the bottom one in the support box now stacked is held, horizontal fork plate 207 is retracted back to initial position, then Repeat step C.
Traditional lower case structure is exactly that directly support box is adsorbed downwards, and support box needs only to do once vertical motion, although Action relationships are very simple, but because existing lower case structure generally all employ lifting adsorption element 500, and lift absorption Part 500 can all influence each other during lifting with transmission belt, cannot carry out matching use with existing transmission belt, must Existing transmission belt must be improved, and the movement locus for asking box to fall then is adjusted to by the application:It is-horizontal-vertically to erect again Directly, the process of a horizontal push is added, can thus get rid of that lifting adsorption element 500 and transmission belt interact can Can, after the support box after horizontal movement moves to the top of transmission belt, recycle lower selection structure to hold in the palm box push, fall support box and passing Defeated to take, the either transmission belt of what model after this method has been used, can be engaged with lower case structure, without It is adjusted or improves again.
The application can accurately be separated the support box of bottom under the cooperation of lifting adsorption element 500, be separated Support box afterwards is moved horizontally to the top of general conveyer belt, then box will be ask to push down on by support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 and dropped down onto On existing conveyer belt, it is such be advantageous in that to avoid existing conveyer belt is transformed because be provided with lifting absorption Part 500, if allowing support box to be dropped down onto under in the presence of lifting adsorption element 500 directly on existing conveyer belt, it is necessary to will rise Drop adsorption element 500 passes through conveyer belt, so trouble is will result in the installation of reality, because existing conveyer belt size is more Kind is various, can not be very easily by the lifting adsorption element 500 of the application directly through these conveyer belts, so the application utilizes Support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 send the advanced water-filling horizontal sliding of the support box absorbed, recycles support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 It will be pushed under support box on the existing conveyer belt of disposable type, the problem of so avoiding to transform existing conveyer belt, together When also remain lifting adsorption element 500, it is achieved thereby that side prop box precisely separation and general a variety of existing conveyer belts purpose.
Embodiment 5
A kind of lower case structure includes support 100, mounted box framework, conveys pushing mechanism for the horizontal support box for pushing support box 300 and for the support box that pushes downwards of box will to be ask to position pushing mechanism 400, the mounted box framework is provided with the support 100, One end of support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 is located at below the mounted box framework, the other end of the support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 Positioned at the lower section of support box positioning pushing mechanism 400, the support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 is located at by mounted box framework, the mounted box frame The lifting adsorption element 500 for adsorbing support box is additionally provided with below frame.
Support box is positioned in mounted box framework, after the support box of bottom is adsorbed by lifting adsorption element 500, is fallen into defeated to support box Send in pushing mechanism 300, then ask box conveying pushing mechanism 300 that support box translation is pushed into support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 Under, then ask box positioning pushing mechanism 400 to push down on the support box so that the support box is fallen into follow-up conveyer belt.
Traditional lower case structure is exactly that directly support box is adsorbed downwards, and support box needs only to do once vertical motion, although Action relationships are very simple, but because existing lower case structure generally all employ lifting adsorption element 500, and lift absorption Part 500 can all influence each other during lifting with transmission belt, cannot carry out matching use with existing transmission belt, must Existing transmission belt must be improved, and the movement locus for asking box to fall then is adjusted to by the application:It is-horizontal-vertically to erect again Directly, the process of a horizontal push is added, can thus get rid of that lifting adsorption element 500 and transmission belt interact can Can, after the support box after horizontal movement moves to the top of transmission belt, recycle lower selection structure to hold in the palm box push, fall support box and passing Defeated to take, the either transmission belt of what model after this method has been used, can be engaged with lower case structure, without It is adjusted or improves again.
The application can accurately be separated the support box of bottom under the cooperation of lifting adsorption element 500, be separated Support box afterwards is moved horizontally to the top of general conveyer belt, then box will be ask to push down on by support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 and dropped down onto On existing conveyer belt, it is such be advantageous in that to avoid existing conveyer belt is transformed because be provided with lifting absorption Part 500, if allowing support box to be dropped down onto under in the presence of lifting adsorption element 500 directly on existing conveyer belt, it is necessary to will rise Drop adsorption element 500 passes through conveyer belt, so trouble is will result in the installation of reality, because existing conveyer belt size is more Kind is various, can not be very easily by the lifting adsorption element 500 of the application directly through these conveyer belts, so the application utilizes Support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 send the advanced water-filling horizontal sliding of the support box absorbed, recycles support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 It will be pushed under support box on the existing conveyer belt of disposable type, the problem of so avoiding to transform existing conveyer belt, together When also remain lifting adsorption element 500, it is achieved thereby that side prop box precisely separation and general a variety of existing conveyer belts purpose.
The structure of mounted box framework:The mounted box framework is adjustable mounted box framework 200, the adjustable mounted box framework 200 Including it is adjustable between left and right away from installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202, adjustable fore-and-aft clearance installation foreboard 203 and pacify Back plate 204 is filled, the installation left plate 201, installation right panel 202, installation foreboard 203 and installation back plate 204 are vertically arranged with pair Box is ask to carry out spacing backplate 205, the backplate 205 crowds around the support box parking space to form a placement support box.
Setting for fork plate 217 is divided into two kinds of situations:
The first situation:The installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 are provided with the swing fork rotated around tie point 212 Plate 206, the installation foreboard 203 and installation back plate 204 are provided with the horizontal fork plate 207 moved horizontally.
Second of situation:The installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 are provided with the horizontal fork plate 207 moved horizontally, The installation foreboard 203 and installation back plate 204 are provided with the rotation fork plate 206 of the rotation of tie point 212.
For above-mentioned two situations, common ground is to have to set one group of rotation fork plate 206, because rotation fork plate 206 when realizing the support to holding in the palm box, and its movement locus is to do arcuate movement from bottom to up, and up motion is realized to support from below The support at box edge, is thus avoided that horizontal fork plate 207 existing position deviation when being horizontally inserted, the problem of inaccurate plug.
Rotating fork plate 206 includes rotation installing plate 208, and the rotation installing plate 208 is fixedly connected with the first cylinder 209, The output end of first cylinder 209 is connected with inverted cam bearing 210, the inverted cam bearing 210 and fork block 211 top It is connected, rotation installing plate 208 bottom is horizontally arranged with rotary shaft, and the rotary shaft passes through the middle part of fork block 211.First gas Cylinder 209 drives inverted cam bearing 210 to do upper and lower motion, so as to which upper and lower motion is done on the top with moving fork block 211, due to pitching block 211 middle parts are to be connected by rotary shaft with installing plate, so the corresponding bottom of fork block 211 will be reverse with fork block 211 top Upper and lower motion.The both ends of rotary shaft are equivalent to tie point 212.
Pitch the inner side of block 211 and set fluted 213, the bottom of the groove 213 is provided with the crotch for catching on support box 214。
Horizontal fork plate 207 includes horizontal mounting plate 215, and the horizontal mounting plate 215 is connected with the second cylinder 216, described The output end of second cylinder 216 is connected with fork plate 217.Second cylinder 216 drives fork plate 217 to move horizontally, and fork plate 217 is reciprocal Into or exit support box parking space.
Fork plate 217 includes the transverse plate for being horizontally inserted between the adjacent support box stacked.The shape of transverse plate can be with It is straight panel shape or L-shaped, is inserted as long as specifically there is a platy structure laterally set to realize between support box Space.
The horizontal profile structure of backplate 205 is L-shaped.The backplate 205 of L-shaped is arranged on four angles of support box parking space, tool The angle position of adjacent installing plate is placed on for body, can thus the support box being stacked be subjected to the spacing of entirety, Make its stacking more neat.
The installation medial surface of left plate 201 is provided with left slide rail 219, and the installation medial surface of right panel 202 is provided with right slide rail 220, pacified Slide rail 221 before the dress medial surface of foreboard 203 is provided with, the installation medial surface of back plate 204 is provided with aft ramp 222, on each slide rail At least one sliding shoe that can be slided on slide rail is provided with, the sliding shoe is connected with backplate 205.Each sliding block can be respective Slide rail on slide, the horizontal plane motion of each installing plate is realized, it is achieved thereby that the position for each backplate 205 being attached thereto Movement is put, and then converts the size of support box parking space.
Be provided with two sliding shoes on preceding slide rail 221, two sliding shoes respectively with the first backplate 223 and the second backplate 224 One side be connected, the another side of the first backplate 223 is connected with the sliding shoe on left slide rail 219, the another side of the second backplate 224 with Sliding shoe on right slide rail 220 is connected, and two sliding shoes are provided with the aft ramp 222, are connected respectively on two sliding shoes There are the 3rd backplate 225 and the 4th backplate 226.The first situation is:Left plate 201 is installed and installation right panel 202 is adjustable, foreboard is installed 203 is adjustable, and installation back plate 204 is fixed, and thus can realize the adjustment for holding in the palm box parking space size.
Installation foreboard 203 is connected with lower swivel nut 227, the lower lower screw rod 228 of the connection of swivel nut 227, and the lower screw rod 228 connects It is connected to lower handwheel 229.The lower handwheel 229 of rotation, drives lower screw rod 228 to rotate, and lower screw rod 228 drives lower swivel nut 227 to do front and rear fortune It is dynamic, so as to drive installation foreboard 203 to move forward and backward, realize the adjustment for most holding in the palm box parking space Y direction.Installation now Even if back plate 204 is fixed, overall adjustment is nor affected on.
Swivel nut 230, the installation left plate 201 and upper swivel nut are provided between installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 It is movably connected by connecting plate 231 between 230, is movably connected between the installation right panel 202 and upper swivel nut 230 by connecting plate 231, The upper swivel nut 230 is socketed with screw rod 232, and the upper lower section of swivel nut 230 is provided with adjustment fixed plate 233, the upper screw rod 232 one end are connected with handwheel 234, and the other end is connected with the horizontal mounting plate 235 in adjustment fixed plate 233, and the adjustment is solid An at least translation slide rail 218 is horizontally arranged with fixed board 233, translates and at least two sliding shoes is installed altogether on slide rail 218, Two sliding shoes are connected with installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 respectively.Said structure is used to realize installation left plate 201 and peace Dress right panel 202 moves left and right.
Two rows are provided with adjustment fixed plate 233 and translate slide rail 218, and often row's translation slide rail 218 includes two be arranged side by side It is individual to translate slide rail 218, sliding shoe is provided with each translator slider, the installation right panel 202 is located at right side with two simultaneously Translation slide rail 218 on sliding shoe be connected, the installation left plate 201 simultaneously with two translation slide rails 218 positioned at left side Sliding shoe be connected.
Further, one side of the 3rd backplate 225 is connected with another sliding shoe on right slide rail 220, and the described 4th One side of backplate 226 is connected with another sliding shoe on left slide rail 219.Second of situation be:Left plate 201 and installation right panel are installed 202 is adjustable, and installation foreboard 203 and installation back plate 204 are adjustable, and the adjustment structure and installation foreboard 203 of installation back plate 204 are identical, Also the adjustment for holding in the palm box parking space size can be realized.
The operation principle of mounted box framework:Between the installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 of adjustable mounted box framework 200 Spacing can realize that the spacing installed foreboard 203 and installed between back plate 204 can pass through by changing both horizontal levels Change both horizontal level realize, backplate 205 crowd around the support box parking space to be formed be used for deposit support box, due to multiple backplates 205 are separately mounted to install in left plate 201, installation right panel 202, installation foreboard 203 and installation back plate 204, so when these peaces In adjustment position, the horizontal level of backplate 205 can also occur to adjust accordingly loading board, so as to meet to depositing different sizes Hold in the palm the requirement of box.
In particular, it is desirable to when being adjusted to adjustable mounted box framework 200, first between left and right away from adjusting Whole, handwheel 234 in rotation, upper handwheel 234 drives upper screw rod 232 to rotate, and upper screw rod 232 drives upper swivel nut 230 to do along upper screw rod 232 length directions move forward and backward, because upper swivel nut 230 and installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 pass through the activity of connecting plate 231 It is connected, so left plate 201 and the meeting of installation right panel 202 while remote or close upper swivel nut 230 are installed, along with installation left plate 201 and install right panel 202 bottom by sliding shoe with installed in adjust fixed plate 233 on translation slide rail 218 be connected, pass through The guiding of slide rail 218 is translated, installation left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 can just do linear motion in left-right direction, and its It is to do symmetric motion relative to upper swivel nut 230 during motion, when installing left plate 201 and installation right panel 202 is simultaneously mobile, due to Two sides of the first backplate 223 pass through sliding shoe and the left slide rail 219 of installation left plate 201, the preceding slide rail of installation foreboard 203 respectively 221 are connected, so under the guiding of two slide rails, the first backplate 223 will move together with installation left plate 201, and First backplate 223 is during motion, and two sides are stilled remain on corresponding slide rail, the second backplate 224, the 3rd backplate 225 and the 4th backplate 226 motion process it is identical with the motion process of the first backplate 223.
Secondly the fore-and-aft clearance of adjustable mounted box framework 200 is adjusted, rotates lower handwheel 229, drive lower swivel nut 227 Moving forward and backward along the lower length direction of screw rod 228 is done, lower swivel nut 227 is connected with installation foreboard 203, so driving installation foreboard 203 also move forward and backward, similarly, because two sides of the first backplate 223 pass through sliding shoe and the left cunning of installation left plate 201 respectively Rail 219, the preceding slide rail 221 of installation foreboard 203 are connected, so under the guiding of two slide rails, the first backplate 223 can be with peace Dress foreboard 203 moves forward and backward, and the first backplate 223, during motion, another side stills remain in installation left plate On 201 left slide rail 219, the motion process of the second backplate 224 is identical with the motion process of the first backplate 223.
When plate 204 is is fixedly mounted when attached, installation back plate 204 is without adjustment position, now the 3rd backplate 225 and the Four backplates 226 can be connected without the installation left plate 201 with side and installation right panel 202, only need directly by sliding shoe to pacify In installation back plate 204.
When plate 204 is adjustable structure when attached, the connected mode and first of the 3rd backplate 225 and the 4th backplate 226 Backplate 223 is identical with the connected mode of the second backplate 224, its motion mode also with the first backplate 223 and the second backplate 224 1 Sample.
The advantages of mounted box framework:The present invention is for asking stacking cassette relatively closer or holding in the palm the unconspicuous feelings of horizontal sides of box Condition is enough precisely to be separated close overlapping support box.By the rotation fork plate 206 of relative both direction box will be ask whole first Body is held, and recycles lifting adsorption element 500 that last support box is pulled downward on into a certain distance, now due to rotating fork plate 206 do not unclamp, so support box can't be siphoned away by lifting adsorption element 500, and can simply be adsorbed in lifting adsorption element 500 Place produce downward deformation so that it is overall in U-shaped structure is similar to, so the edge of the support box is as this is former Because being shunk to middle part, the support box edge just because of bottom is shunk, so the side of penultimate support box now Edge has just revealed out completely, and horizontal fork plate 207 is directly inserted into the lower section of penultimate support box by this when, is held in the palm Firmly.Finally rotation fork plate 206 is rotated down, thoroughly decontrols the support to the support box of bottom one, last support box can be Under the drive for lifting adsorption element 500, continue to move downward and be pushed into next station.Circulated with this realize stack it is more Box under the automation of individual support box.
Mounted box framework is adjustable mounted box framework 200, adjustable mounted box framework 200 can to its between left and right away from and it is front and rear between It is various sizes of to adapt to so as to drive the side-to-side dimensions of support box parking space and anteroposterior dimension to be adjusted away from being adjusted Support box carries out lower box processing.
Mounted box framework is provided with one group of rotation fork plate 206, motion of the rotation fork plate 206 when realizing the support to holding in the palm box Track is to do arcuate movement from bottom to up, and up the support to support box edge is realized in motion from below, is thus avoided that level The existing position deviation when being horizontally inserted of fork plate 207, the problem of inaccurate plug.The application by setting the structures such as slide rail, sliding block, Realize the spacing adjustment of each backplate 205, overall structure is simple, simple operation, it is only necessary to directly to upper handwheel 234 or Lower handwheel 229 carries out the purpose that rotation can be achieved with being adjusted the size of adjustable mounted box framework 200.
Two sides of the backplate 205 of the application need installing plate adjacent with two to be respectively connected in principle, such backplate 205 can just be moved by the drive of two adjacent installing plates, but when some installing plate is fixed structure, position 205 needs of backplate thereon are connected with the installing plate, without being connected with adjacent mounting plate.The installation back plate of the application 204 can be fixed, can also make adjustable, for actual use, select suitable mode with regard to that can meet base This demand.
Embodiment 6
On the basis of embodiment 1-5, support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 includes level frame 301, on the level frame 301 Active rotating shaft 302 is provided with, the both ends of the final drive shaft are respectively connected with timing belt 303, use is provided with the timing belt 303 In the push rod 304 of Level Promoting support box, the bottom of the level frame 301 is open structure, and the active rotating shaft 302 is connected with band The first motor 305 of its rotation is moved, the other end of the timing belt 303 is provided with driven spindle 306, the active rotating shaft 302 It is installed in driven spindle 306 on level frame 301.The bottom of level frame 301 is to facilitate support for the setting one of open structure Box is when falling on support box transfer unit, other parts of lower section, and level frame 301 can be passed through by such as lifting adsorption element 500, and two It is to facilitate support box to be subsequently pushed down to other stations from support box conveying pushing mechanism 300.Theoretically, can be with Driven spindle 306 is also equipped with active rotating shaft 302, but so cost can increase.
First motor 305 is connected by driving belt 307 with active rotating shaft 302.First motor 305 can be servo electricity Machine, it is easy to implement the forward and reverse output of motor.
Push rod 304 is fixedly connected on the surface of timing belt 303 by mounting seat 308, and the push rod 304 is arranged on mounting seat 308 inner side edges, and the push rod 304 is laterally setting.Push rod 304, which primarily serves, will preferably fall on driving belt 307 The effect that pushes forward of support box, although should not push rod 304, support box can also be seen off by conveyer belt, it is possible that support box is askew Nonsynchronous situation such as oblique.
Push rod 304 is provided with two, and two push rods 304 are located on the conveyer belt at the both ends of active rotating shaft 302 respectively, and both Position is corresponding.Two push rods 304 can guarantee that the both sides keep level alignment of support box.
The baffle plate 309 for blocking support box is provided with by driven spindle 306.Baffle plate 309 blocks the support box moved, Baffle plate 309 needs realization to be fixed on specified location, can thus facilitate the processing pushed downwards to support box.
Baffle plate 309 is arranged on the middle part of transverse link 310, and the transverse link 310 is arranged in level frame 301, and The transverse link 310 is connected with the two sides inwall of the level frame 301.Transverse link 310 can be according to different support boxes Size, position of the adjustment transverse link 310 in level frame 301.
Hold in the palm the operation principle of box conveying pushing mechanism 300:First motor 305 drives active rotating shaft 302 to rotate, active rotating shaft 302 under the cooperation of driven spindle 306, drives driving belt 307 thereon to start to be driven, is pushed away due to being provided with follower belt Bar 304, so push rod 304 can also take exercises with driving belt 307, so as to which support box on driving belt 307 will be fallen toward water The other end of flatrack 301 promotes, and after promoting in place, feed belt counter motion, returns under the drive of the first motor 305 Initial position.
The advantages of holding in the palm box conveying pushing mechanism 300:The support box that the support box conveying pushing mechanism 300 will can be fallen on Other end is transported to from its one end, its purpose is to be adjusted the horizontal level for holding in the palm box so that support box can be defeated It is sent at the transmission belt of existing disposable type, avoiding directly from vertical direction will be caused by support box falls within transmission belt The situation that both can not match completely.
Push rod 304 preferably can push the support box fallen on driving belt 307 forward, avoid the occurrence of the crooked grade of support box not Synchronous situation.Baffle plate 309 can will support box block, be easy to hold in the palm box pushed downwards processing when be held in it is actionless State.
Embodiment 7
On the basis of embodiment 1-6, support box positioning pushing mechanism 400 includes positioning installation frame 401, the location and installation Frame 401 includes left socle 402 and right support 403, and the inner side of the left socle 402 and right support 403 is each provided with being used to support The support box neck 404 of box is held in the palm, two support box necks 404 are symmetrical arranged, and the top of support box neck 404 is provided with holds in the palm for pushing downwards The hold-down devices 405 of box, the support box neck 404 are connected by neck rotating shaft 406 with positioning installation frame 401.
Support box neck 404 includes the neck transverse slat 407 and neck swash plate 408 being fixedly connected, the neck transverse slat 407 and card The angle formed between groove swash plate 408 is acute angle, the neck transverse slat 407 and neck swash plate 408 by neck rotating shaft 406 simultaneously It is connected with mounting bracket.Neck transverse slat 407 and neck swash plate 408 can be split type attachment structure or integral structure, As long as can guarantee that can play a supporting role to support box, after then rotating support box can be made freely to fall.
Hold-down devices 405 include lower air cylinder 409, and the output end of the lower air cylinder 409 is provided with down transverse beam 410, The bottom of the down transverse beam 410 is provided with lower pressure wheel 411.For in theory, only set down transverse beam 410 can also, as long as It disclosure satisfy that and implement lower pressure to one end of neck transverse slat 407.
The both ends of down transverse beam 410 are respectively arranged with lower pressure wheel 411, and two lower pressure wheels 411 are correspondingly arranged at are located at respectively Above the front end of neck transverse slat 407 of left socle 402 and right support 403.Power when lower pressure wheel 411 enables to push is more smooth, And it is not easy to collide.
The rear end of each support box neck 404 is connected with one end of a back-moving spring 412, the other end of back-moving spring 412 and Left socle 402 or right support 403 connect.Back-moving spring 412 can be with asking a part for box neck 404 to be fixedly connected so that support Box neck 404 can receive a pulling force for allowing it to restPose all the time, can thus to hold in the palm box neck 404 complete every time Fall behind under into support box, can self-return.
Back-moving spring 412 is connected by spring base 413 with positioning installation frame 401.
It is connected between left socle 402 and right support 403 including forward screw thread and the adjusting bolt of reverse thread 414, institute The both ends for stating adjusting bolt 414 are connected by installing swivel nut with left socle 402 and the screw thread of right support 403, the adjusting bolt 414 One end be connected with adjustment handwheel 415, the middle part of the adjusting bolt 414 is socketed with adjustment swivel nut 416.Adjust swivel nut 416 Internal thread is also to match with the forward and reverse screw thread in adjusting bolt 414.
The both ends of adjusting bolt 414 are also respectively provided with bearing, and bearing is fixed with left socle 402 and right support 403 respectively It is connected.Bearing primarily serves the effect for being conveniently adjusted the rotation of screw rod 414.
The outside of left socle 402 and right support 403 is provided with adjustable deflector apron 417, the adjustable deflector apron 417 Set along the vertical-horizontal direction of the length of adjusting bolt 414.
The bottom of institute's left socle 402 and right support 403 is provided with sliding shoe, and the sliding shoe is socketed in adjustment slide rail On 418, length direction of the adjustment slide rail 418 along adjusting bolt 414 is set.
Hold in the palm the operation principle of box positioning pushing mechanism 400:
Left socle 402 and right support 403 are respectively arranged with a support box neck 404, and support box is then positioned at two support box necks Between 404, two support box necks 404 will ask box to hold, and now hold-down devices 405 apply power straight down to support box neck 404, Support box neck 404 is connected by then passing through neck rotating shaft 406 with left socle 402 and right support 403, so when its one end is by perpendicular Directly during downward power, it can be rotated around neck rotating shaft 406, after being rotated down certain angle, support box loses what support box neck 404 was given Support force, now hold in the palm on box meeting free-falling to lower transfer band.
Specifically, during original state, support box is conveyed horizontally in positioning installation frame 401 by adjustable deflector apron 417, The outward flange of support box is stuck in the acute angle between neck transverse slat 407 and neck swash plate 408, and lower air cylinder 409 drives down transverse beam 410 move down, and two lower pressure wheels 411 at the bottom both ends of down transverse beam 410 are respectively on two transverse slat front ends of support box neck 404 Fang Jinhang is pushed vertically, and now two support box necks 404 can be then rotated down around neck rotating shaft 406, be rotated down certain angle Afterwards, support box loses the support force that support box neck 404 is given, and now holds in the palm on box meeting free-falling to lower transfer band.Due to holding in the palm box The rear end of neck 404 is to be connected with back-moving spring 412, so back-moving spring 412 can give support box neck 404 always and rotate up Pulling force, when the lower pressure of lower air cylinder 409 is more than the pulling force of back-moving spring 412, support box neck 404, which can be rotated down, makes support Box free-falling, after support box falls, lower air cylinder 409 drives down transverse beam 410 to move up resets, hold in the palm box neck 404 by In the lower pressure for being no longer influenced by lower air cylinder 409, so in the presence of back-moving spring 412, support box neck 404 can also return to Initial position, continue the work of next round.
Because asking the size category of box more, in order to adapt to various sizes of support box, adjustment handwheel 415 can be rotated, is adjusted Whole handwheel 415 drives the adjusting bolt 414 with forward and reverse screw thread to rotate, and left socle 402 and right support 403 are then in installation spiral shell In the presence of set, the motion in relative to each other or opposite direction is done, due to having adjustable guiding on left socle 402 and right support 403 Baffle plate 417, so in motion, position movement can also occur accordingly for two adjustable deflector aprons 417.And due in left branch The bottom of frame 402 and right support 403 be provided with sliding shoe and adjustment slide rail 418, adjustment between the two away from when, also can guarantee that its fortune Dynamic path will not deviate.
The advantages of holding in the palm box positioning pushing mechanism 400:The support box of level push can be determined in positioning installation frame 401 Position, is then pushed down fallen downward again so that support box can fall in the transmission belt of any model, and this mode can also make Obtaining the structure of the application can be adapted to the transmission belt of existing various models, avoid and existing transmission belt is improved Trouble.
Support box neck 404 realizes support and the whereabouts to holding in the palm box by way of rotation, simple in construction, and in realization During, be not in error.The power when lower pressure wheel 411 of hold-down devices 405 enables to push is more smooth, and is not easy to Collide.The structure of wheel also can enter row buffering to power, avoid the excessive wear of workpiece.
Back-moving spring 412 causes the self-return of support box neck 404, avoids and completes to hold in the palm backwardness under box also to want artificial hand every time The dynamic trouble for resetting it.It can pass through rotation using being advantageous in that including forward screw thread and the adjusting bolt of reverse thread 414 Turn adjusting bolt 414, can be achieved with being connected to the left socle 402 at the both ends of adjusting bolt 414 and right support 403 while move, and And or the direction of motion is while close to other side, or being while away from other side, by a structure with regard to two portions can be controlled The mass motion of part, effect is realized by most simplified structure.Adjustable deflector apron 417 can then play to be pushed to level The effect that is oriented to of support box, avoid asking box to shift.
The bottom of left socle 402 and right support 403 is provided with sliding shoe and adjustment slide rail 418 cooperates, can be to a left side The limition orientation that the motion of support 402 and right support 403 is played a part of.
Embodiment 8
On the basis of embodiment 1-7, lifting adsorption element 500 includes absorption framework 501, described to adsorb in framework 501 Elevating screw 502 is provided with, the lower end of the elevating screw 502 is connected with feed screw nut 503, and the feed screw nut 503 connects There is the second motor 504, the bottom of feed screw nut 503 is connected with the guiding connecting plate 505 laterally set, the guiding connecting plate Be provided with 505 with the length direction identical lead 506 of elevating screw 502, the upper end of the elevating screw 502 is connected with suction Disk component 507.
Suction cup assembly 507 includes sucker installing plate 508, and the sucker installing plate 508 connects with the upper end of elevating screw 502 Connect, multiple negative pressure suckers 509 are provided with the sucker installing plate 508, the negative pressure sucker 509 connects with negative pressure source of the gas.
The left and right ends for being oriented to connecting plate 505 are provided with two leads 506, and two leads 506 are socketed in guiding and connected In fishplate bar 505.Lead 506 is fixed on the absorption framework 501.Second motor 504 is servomotor.
Lift the operation principle of adsorption element 500:
Elevating screw 502 drives Suction cup assembly 507 to move downward, in the same of motion under the drive of the second motor 504 When, connecting plate 505 is oriented to due to being socketed on lead 506, so lead 506 can play a part of guide and limit, So that Suction cup assembly 507 in motion, can move according to specified direction.
Specifically, when need adsorb support box when, the second motor 504 can drive first Suction cup assembly 507 to next section away from From then stopping, keeping driving Suction cup assembly 507 to remain stationary as, wait support box by after the enough supports of mounted box framework, the second electricity Machine 504 is further continued for continuing to drive Suction cup assembly 507 to move downward downwards, defeated by support box after support box is adsorbed to specified location Pushing mechanism 300 is sent to ask box is horizontal to release, then the second motor 504 driving Suction cup assembly 507 moves up to initial position. Negative pressure sucker 509 realizes adsorption effect during box is held in the palm in absorption by the negative pressure source of the gas being attached thereto.
Suction cup assembly 507 is under the guide effect of lead 506, stabilization when can keep moving up and down, and inhales Disk component 507 can ensure to provide enough suction to the bottom for holding in the palm box.Servomotor can control Suction cup assembly 507 declining During, realize and stop declining and continuing the function of declining, cooperated with the miscellaneous part of lower case structure, realize support box Downward absorption and support effect.

Claims (42)

  1. A kind of 1. lower cassette method, it is characterised in that:A support box of bottom falls vertically in the support box stacked, the support of lower backwardness Box is pushed by level, and the support box after level push is pushed downwards again to be sent so that the support box is fallen into conveyer belt;
    Comprise the following steps that:
    A. the multiple support boxes stacked are placed on by backplate(205)Crowd around in the support box parking space to be formed;
    B. the side of front, rear, left and right four of box parking space is held in the palm each at least provided with a fork plate(217), former and later two directions Two fork plates set(217)For first group of fork plate(217), two fork plates of left and right direction setting(217)For second group of fork plate (217), two groups of fork plates(217)In one group of fork plate(217)To rotate fork plate(206), its operation principle is around tie point(212) To it is lower and on rotation come realize to hold in the palm box edge supports;Two groups of fork plates(217)In another group of fork plate(217)Pitched for level Plate(207), its operation principle is the support by doing horizontal reciprocating movement to realize to support box edge, during initial position, rotation Fork plate(206)Hold support box, horizontal fork plate(207)Support box is not held;
    C. the lifting adsorption element below multiple support boxes(500)Rise under the support box outer bottom of bottom, to described Cassette bottom face is ask to implement negative-pressure adsorption;
    D. adsorption element is lifted(500)Negative-pressure adsorption persistently is implemented to the outer bottom for holding in the palm box, lifts adsorption element(500)To moving down After a dynamic segment distance H, then remains stationary, now the support cassette bottom portion of bottom is in lifting adsorption element(500)In the presence of downwards Projection, the edge of box is held in the palm to inside contracting;The distance H mentioned in the application concrete numerical value can by those skilled in the art according to Actual conditions are adjusted;
    E. horizontal fork plate(207)Toward the direction motion close to support box, be inserted into the support box of bottom and penultimate support box it Between position, hold penultimate support box;
    F. fork plate is rotated(206)Now around tie point(212)Rotation, direction of rotation is is rotated down, so as to decontrol support box, lifting Adsorption element(500)Continue to move downward, the support box for adsorbing bottom continues to move downward, and then asks box to be pushed by level;
    G. the support box after horizontal push falls in transmission belt vertically again.
  2. 2. lower cassette method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:When lifting adsorption element in F-step(500)Box will be held in the palm After continuing absorption downwards, fork plate is rotated(206)Around tie point(212)Rotate up, hold most lower in the support box now stacked The edge of side one, horizontal fork plate(207)Initial position is retracted back to, repeats step C.
  3. 3. lower cassette method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each horizontal fork plate(207)It is arranged at same water Plane.
  4. 4. lower cassette method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each horizontal fork plate(207)With rotation fork plate(206) It is arranged at same level.
  5. 5. lower cassette method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each horizontal fork plate(207)It is horizontally disposed, and Move horizontally.
  6. 6. lower cassette method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lifting adsorption element(500)Absorption support box Medium position.
  7. 7. according to the lower cassette method described in claim 1-6 any one, it is characterised in that:The equipment for realizing this method is one kind Lower case structure, including support(100), mounted box framework, for the horizontal support box for pushing support box convey pushing mechanism(300)With for The support box for asking box to push downwards is positioned into pushing mechanism(400), the support(100)On be provided with the mounted box framework, hold in the palm box Convey pushing mechanism(300)One end be located at below the mounted box framework, the support box conveying pushing mechanism(300)The other end Positioned at support box positioning pushing mechanism(400)Lower section, the lifting for adsorbing support box is additionally provided with below the mounted box framework and is inhaled Attached part(500), ask box to be positioned in mounted box framework, the support box of bottom is by lifting adsorption element(500)After absorption, fall into Hold in the palm box conveying pushing mechanism(300)On, then hold in the palm box conveying pushing mechanism(300)Support box translation is pushed to support box positioning Pushing mechanism(400)Under, then hold in the palm box positioning pushing mechanism(400)The support box is pushed down on so that the support box is fallen into rear On continuous conveyer belt.
  8. 8. lower cassette method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The mounted box framework is adjustable mounted box framework (200), the adjustable mounted box framework(200)Including it is adjustable between left and right away from installation left plate(201)With installation right panel (202), adjustable fore-and-aft clearance installation foreboard(203)With installation back plate(204), the installation left plate(201), installation right panel (202), installation foreboard(203)With installation back plate(204)It is vertically arranged with and spacing backplate is carried out to support box(205), it is described Backplate(205)Crowd around the support box parking space to form a placement support box.
  9. 9. lower cassette method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The installation left plate(201)With installation right panel(202) It is provided with around tie point(212)The rotation fork plate of rotation(206), the installation foreboard(203)With installation back plate(204)It is provided with The horizontal fork plate moved horizontally(207).
  10. 10. lower cassette method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The installation left plate(201)With installation right panel (202)The horizontal fork plate moved horizontally is installed(207), the installation foreboard(203)With installation back plate(204)The company of being provided with Contact(212)The rotation fork plate of rotation(206).
  11. 11. the lower cassette method according to claim 9 or 10, it is characterised in that:The rotation fork plate(206)Pacify including rotation Loading board(208), the rotation installing plate(208)It is fixedly connected with the first cylinder(209), first cylinder(209)Output End is connected with inverted cam bearing(210), the inverted cam bearing(210)With pitching block(211)Top is connected, the rotation peace Loading board(208)Bottom is horizontally arranged with rotary shaft, and the rotary shaft passes through fork block(211)Middle part.
  12. 12. lower cassette method according to claim 11, it is characterised in that:The fork block(211)Inner side sets fluted (213), the groove(213)Bottom be provided with for catch on support box crotch(214).
  13. 13. the lower cassette method according to claim 9 or 10, it is characterised in that:The horizontal fork plate(207)Pacify including level Loading board(215), the horizontal mounting plate(215)It is connected with the second cylinder(216), second cylinder(216)Output end connect It is connected to fork plate(217).
  14. 14. lower cassette method according to claim 13, it is characterised in that:The fork plate(217)Include and inserted for horizontal Enter the transverse plate between the adjacent support box stacked.
  15. 15. lower cassette method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The backplate(205)Horizontal profile structure be in L Shape.
  16. 16. lower cassette method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The installation left plate(201)Medial surface is provided with a left side Slide rail(219), right panel is installed(202)Medial surface is provided with right slide rail(220), foreboard is installed(203)Medial surface is provided with advancing slip Rail(221), back plate is installed(204)Medial surface is provided with aft ramp(222), be both provided with each slide rail it is at least one can be in cunning The sliding shoe slided on rail, the sliding shoe and backplate(205)It is connected.
  17. 17. lower cassette method according to claim 16, it is characterised in that:The preceding slide rail(221)On be provided with two cunnings Motion block, two sliding shoes respectively with the first backplate(223)With the second backplate(224)One side be connected, the first backplate(223)It is another While with left slide rail(219)On sliding shoe be connected, the second backplate(224)Another side and right slide rail(220)On sliding shoe It is connected, the aft ramp(222)On be provided with two sliding shoes, be connected to the 3rd backplate on two sliding shoes(225)With 4th backplate(226).
  18. 18. lower cassette method according to claim 16, it is characterised in that:The installation foreboard(203)It is connected with lower swivel nut (227), the lower swivel nut(227)The lower screw rod of connection(228), the lower screw rod(228)It is connected with lower handwheel(229).
  19. 19. lower cassette method according to claim 16, it is characterised in that:The installation left plate(201)With installation right panel (202)Between be provided with swivel nut(230), the installation left plate(201)With upper swivel nut(230)Between pass through connecting plate(231)It is living It is dynamic to be connected, the installation right panel(202)With upper swivel nut(230)Between pass through connecting plate(231)It is movably connected, the upper swivel nut (230)It is socketed with screw rod(232), the upper swivel nut(230)Lower section is provided with adjustment fixed plate(233), the upper screw rod (232)One end is connected with handwheel(234), the other end is with adjusting fixed plate(233)On horizontal mounting plate(235)It is connected, institute State adjustment fixed plate(233)On be horizontally arranged with an at least translation slide rail(218), translate slide rail(218)On be provided with altogether At least two sliding shoes, two sliding shoes are respectively with installing left plate(201)With installation right panel(202)It is connected.
  20. 20. lower cassette method according to claim 19, it is characterised in that:The adjustment fixed plate(233)On be provided with two Row's translation slide rail(218), often row's translation slide rail(218)Including two translation slide rails being arranged side by side(218), each translator slider In be provided with sliding shoe, the installation right panel(202)Simultaneously with two be located at right side translation slide rails(218)On sliding shoe It is connected, the installation left plate(201)Simultaneously with two be located at left side translation slide rails(218)On sliding shoe be connected.
  21. 21. lower cassette method according to claim 17, it is characterised in that:3rd backplate(225)One side and right cunning Rail(220)On another sliding shoe be connected, the 4th backplate(226)One side and left slide rail(219)On another sliding shoe It is connected.
  22. 22. lower cassette method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The support box conveying pushing mechanism(300)Including water Flatrack(301), the level frame(301)On be provided with active rotating shaft(302), the both ends of the final drive shaft are respectively connected with synchronization Band(303), the timing belt(303)On be provided with push rod for Level Promoting support box(304), the level frame(301)'s Bottom is open structure, the active rotating shaft(302)It is connected with the first motor for driving its rotation(305), the timing belt (303)The other end be provided with driven spindle(306), the active rotating shaft(302)With driven spindle(306)It is installed in level Frame(301)On.
  23. 23. lower cassette method according to claim 22, it is characterised in that:First motor(305)Pass through driving belt (307)With active rotating shaft(302)It is connected.
  24. 24. lower cassette method according to claim 22, it is characterised in that:The push rod(304)Pass through mounting seat(308)Gu Surely it is connected to timing belt(303)Surface, the push rod(304)It is arranged on mounting seat(308)Inner side edge, and the push rod(304) For horizontal setting.
  25. 25. lower cassette method according to claim 22, it is characterised in that:The push rod(304)Two are provided with, two push away Bar(304)It is located at active rotating shaft respectively(302)On the conveyer belt at both ends, and both positions are corresponding.
  26. 26. according to the lower cassette method described in claim 22-25 any one, it is characterised in that:The driven spindle(306)It is other It is provided with the baffle plate for blocking support box(309).
  27. 27. lower cassette method according to claim 26, it is characterised in that:The baffle plate(309)Installed in transverse link (310)Middle part, the transverse link(310)It is arranged on level frame(301)It is interior, and the transverse link(310)With it is described Level frame(301)The connection of two sides inwalls.
  28. 28. lower cassette method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The support box positioning pushing mechanism(400)Including fixed Position mounting bracket(401), the positioning installation frame(401)Including left socle(402)And right support(403), the left socle(402) And right support(403)Inner side be each provided with support box neck for supporting bracket box(404), two support box necks(404)Symmetrically Set, hold in the palm box neck(404)Top is provided with the hold-down devices for pushing support box downwards(405), the support box neck(404) Pass through neck rotating shaft(406)With positioning installation frame(401)It is connected.
  29. 29. lower cassette method according to claim 28, it is characterised in that:The support box neck(404)Including being fixedly connected Neck transverse slat(407)With neck swash plate(408), the neck transverse slat(407)With neck swash plate(408)Between the angle that is formed For acute angle, the neck transverse slat(407)With neck swash plate(408)Pass through neck rotating shaft(406)It is connected simultaneously with mounting bracket.
  30. 30. lower cassette method according to claim 28, it is characterised in that:The hold-down devices(405)Including lower air cylinder (409), the lower air cylinder(409)Output end be provided with down transverse beam(410), the down transverse beam(410)Bottom set It is equipped with lower pressure wheel(411).
  31. 31. lower cassette method according to claim 30, it is characterised in that:The down transverse beam(410)Both ends set respectively It is equipped with lower pressure wheel(411), two lower pressure wheels(411)It is correspondingly arranged at respectively positioned at left socle(402)And right support(403)Card Groove transverse slat(407)Above front end.
  32. 32. lower cassette method according to claim 30, it is characterised in that:Each support box neck(404)Rear end with one Back-moving spring(412)One end be connected, back-moving spring(412)The other end and left socle(402)Or right support(403)Connection.
  33. 33. lower cassette method according to claim 32, it is characterised in that:The back-moving spring(412)Pass through spring base (413)With positioning installation frame(401)It is connected.
  34. 34. according to the lower cassette method described in claim 28-32 any one, it is characterised in that:The left socle(402)And the right side Support(403)Between be connected with the adjusting bolt including forward screw thread and reverse thread(414), the adjusting bolt(414)'s Both ends are by installing swivel nut and left socle(402)And right support(403)Screw thread is connected, the adjusting bolt(414)One end connect It is connected to adjustment handwheel(415), the adjusting bolt(414)Middle part be socketed with adjustment swivel nut(416).
  35. 35. lower cassette method according to claim 34, it is characterised in that:The adjusting bolt(414)Both ends also distinguish Be provided with bearing, bearing respectively with left socle(402)And right support(403)It is fixedly linked.
  36. 36. lower cassette method according to claim 35, it is characterised in that:The left socle(402)And right support(403)'s Outside is provided with adjustable deflector apron(417), the adjustable deflector apron(417)Along adjusting bolt(414)Length it is vertical It is horizontally arranged.
  37. 37. lower cassette method according to claim 36, it is characterised in that:The left socle(402)And right support(403)'s Bottom is provided with sliding shoe, and the sliding shoe is socketed in adjustment slide rail(418)On, the adjustment slide rail(418)Along adjustment spiral shell Bar(414)Length direction set.
  38. 38. lower cassette method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The lifting adsorption element(500)Including adsorbing frame Frame(501), the absorption framework(501)Inside it is provided with elevating screw(502), the elevating screw(502)Lower end be connected with Feed screw nut(503), the feed screw nut(503)It is connected with the second motor(504), the feed screw nut(503)Bottom connects There is the guiding connecting plate laterally set(505), the guiding connecting plate(505)On be provided with and elevating screw(502)Length side To identical lead(506), the elevating screw(502)Upper end be connected with Suction cup assembly(507).
  39. 39. the lower cassette method according to claim 38, it is characterised in that:The Suction cup assembly(507)Installed including sucker Plate(508), the sucker installing plate(508)With the elevating screw(502)Upper end connects, the sucker installing plate(508)On It is provided with multiple negative pressure suckers(509), the negative pressure sucker(509)Connected with negative pressure source of the gas.
  40. 40. the lower cassette method according to claim 38, it is characterised in that:The guiding connecting plate(505)Left and right ends It is provided with two leads(506), two leads(506)It is socketed in guiding connecting plate(505)In.
  41. 41. lower cassette method according to claim 40, it is characterised in that:The lead(506)It is fixed on the absorption Framework(501)On.
  42. 42. the lower cassette method according to claim 38, it is characterised in that:Second motor(504)For servomotor.
CN201610557035.4A 2016-07-15 2016-07-15 Lower cassette method Active CN106006056B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109132577A (en) * 2018-08-20 2019-01-04 南通通机股份有限公司 A kind of novel plastic tray automatic separation system
CN111498436A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-07 机械科学研究总院海西(福建)分院有限公司 Guiding method for square material placement

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JPS59158739A (en) * 1983-02-28 1984-09-08 Yamada Dobby Co Ltd Boxlike article supplying device
JPS6340679Y2 (en) * 1983-03-14 1988-10-24
US4648233A (en) * 1985-05-29 1987-03-10 B-Bar-B, Inc. Apparatus for handling liquid filled flexible plastic bags
CN2535379Y (en) * 2002-03-26 2003-02-12 北京有色金属研究总院 Automatic basket-separating machine
CN201012863Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-01-30 常熟市三禾计量设备厂 Paw structure of intelligent mechanical arm piling machine
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CN204549436U (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-08-12 成都松川雷博机械设备有限公司 The lower case structure of food box packing machine

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