CN106004942B - A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie - Google Patents

A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106004942B
CN106004942B CN201610488272.XA CN201610488272A CN106004942B CN 106004942 B CN106004942 B CN 106004942B CN 201610488272 A CN201610488272 A CN 201610488272A CN 106004942 B CN106004942 B CN 106004942B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pallet
tie
sides
classification
pedestal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610488272.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106004942A (en
Inventor
王亮亮
范运超
崔俊航
谢党博
王梦忆
刘灏
张皓
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西安建筑科技大学
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Priority to CN201610488272.XA priority Critical patent/CN106004942B/en
Publication of CN106004942A publication Critical patent/CN106004942A/en
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Publication of CN106004942B publication Critical patent/CN106004942B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B3/00Hand carts having more than one axis carrying transport wheels; Steering devices therefor; Equipment therefor
    • B62B3/02Hand carts having more than one axis carrying transport wheels; Steering devices therefor; Equipment therefor involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS OR PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B5/00Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F19/00Hoisting, lifting, hauling or pushing, not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie, wherein;Tie-beam is installed, tie-beam can be along riser guide stent elevating movement under the cooperation of the first lead and the first guide groove between the riser guide stent;Motor drives tie-beam elevating movement;The tie-beam both sides are symmetrically installed with a pair of of pallet, and the top surface of each pallet and the end face away from tie-beam open, be equipped with to hold the classification box of cargo in each pallet, multiple classification grid are provided in the classification box;The classification box is divided into turnover horizontal half and overturning half portion two parts.Pallet folding support bar is hinged between the pallet both sides and pedestal both sides, the bending shaft of all pallet folding support bars is on same horizontal plane.Goods is loaded and unloaded by the trolley of the present invention, avoids the big manual labor of courier, and dress rate of discharging can be improved, existing some violences handling problem when original courier being avoided single-handedly to unload.

Description

A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie

Technical field

The invention belongs to transport vehicle fields, are related to express transportation trolley, and in particular to a kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and fortune Defeated trolley.

Background technology

With making rapid progress for e-commerce, the people of nowadays net purchase is more and more.In fierce industry competition, this causes Express Logistics industry is very hot, and Chinese Express Service is faced with unprecedented opportunities and challenges.Since express delivery type of merchandize is various, express delivery Member's delivery working strength is very big and poor in the small brother's security system of express delivery of the bottom, and transport and delivery device fall behind, and cause It is different degrees of during delivery to expose many problems, and the delivery work of various occasions cannot be met, very much Courier can only put commodity on the ground after reaching delivery point, then classify, and such workflow is very cumbersome, muscle power Work increases considerably, and largely reduces delivery efficiency.Although domestic regular express company is more at present, It is that strength is very different, there are many confusions in industry.

Presently, there are the problem of have:The violence handling commodity of some couriers cause commodity damage, the delivery of express delivery commodity Efficiency is low, courier's labor intensity is big in transportational process and delivery process, is difficult to the different requirements for meeting varying environment when delivering A series of problems, such as waiting, and be difficult Fast Classification to a certain extent, ensure commodity and the safety of courier itself.

The content of the invention

Based on problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie, solves The technical issues of courier's handling goods labor intensity is big in the prior art, and efficiency is low.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the application, which adopts the following technical scheme that, is achieved:

A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie, the pedestal including carrying universal wheel, the middle of the base both sides are rotatable Formula is equipped with a pair of of riser guide stent, and support-folding supporting rod, support-folding are hinged between riser guide stent and pedestal During supporting rod linear state between riser guide stent and pedestal in vertical state;

Tie-beam is installed, tie-beam is provided at both ends with the first lead, and lifting is led between the riser guide stent The first guide groove with the cooperation of the first lead is provided on rail stent, tie-beam is matched somebody with somebody the first lead and the first guide groove It can be along riser guide stent elevating movement under closing;

Electric machine support is also equipped on a pair of of riser guide stent, is equipped on electric machine support with take-up pulley Motor is equipped with transverse axis on the riser guide stent above motor, the guiding rotated using transverse axis as rotation axis is equipped on transverse axis Pulley is connected with one end of steel wire rope on take-up pulley, and the other end of steel wire rope is connected around leading block with tie-beam, motor band Dynamic tie-beam elevating movement;

The tie-beam both sides are symmetrically installed with a pair of of pallet, and the top surface of each pallet and the end face away from tie-beam are opened It puts, is equipped with to hold the classification box of cargo in each pallet, multiple classification grid are provided in the classification box;

The classification box is divided into horizontal half and overturning half portion two parts, is rotated between horizontal half and overturning half portion Formula connects;The both sides of horizontal half are provided with the second lead, and level is machined with the second guide groove on the two side of pallet, and second Lead, which is mounted in the second guide groove, enables classification box to realize plug-type movement compared with pallet;

It is connected between the end of overturning half portion and the end of pedestal by flexibility overturning pull rod, flexibility overturning pull rod For half portion and horizontal half will to be overturn from folded state as the rising of pallet is pulled to unfolded state;

Pallet folding support bar is hinged between the pallet both sides and pedestal both sides, all pallet folding support bars Shaft is bent on same horizontal plane.

The present invention also has following distinguishing feature:

The projection of the pallet folding support bar of the pallet both sides in the horizontal plane is intersected.

The top of the pallet folding support bar is hinged on the second guide groove on pallet.

Second lead moves in the second guide groove between the pallet folding support bar of pallet both sides.

The articulated shaft of the bottom of the pallet folding support bar is mounted in the 3rd guide groove that pedestal both sides are set, the The gear slot with articulated shaft cooperation is additionally provided in three guide grooves, articulated shaft is used for the 3rd guide groove end and the cooperation of gear slot Support the pallet of different height.

The pedestal both sides are equipped with postive stop baffle, and postive stop baffle is used to carry out /V to pallet.

Realize that rotary type connects by hinge between the horizontal half and overturning half portion.

Compared with prior art, the present invention beneficial has the technical effect that:

(I) goods is loaded and unloaded by the trolley of the present invention, avoids the big manual labor of courier, and handling goods effect can be improved Rate, existing some violences handling problem when original courier being avoided single-handedly to unload.By classifying, box can be in a loading Link can classify commodity, classify, and classification is delivered, and can greatly improve delivery efficiency.Pass through Pulley lift Structure can lift commodity, reduce labor intensity significantly;Trolley is light removable, foldable, can meet varying environment Difference delivers requirement, while when commodity are positioned over from express delivery compartment on trolley, trolley is a Mobile delivery shelf.

(II) present society is the people-oriented society of a promotion, then must be more in terms of manual labor is liberated Input, in numerous means of transports, there are no a real adaptation delivery industries.However this design both embodied taking human as This, further improves this industry some problems present in transportational process, and this design structure is simple, is manufacturing Aspect is easier, it can be achieved that property is high, and cost is relatively low, and applicability is wide.Express transportation is mainly by manual handling business at present Product cargo, courier and kinds of goods are difficult to ensure safely, it is therefore desirable to which a kind of collection safety loading, taxonomy of goods are fast distributed as one The portable multifunctional express delivery delivery power assisting device of body.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the positive structure diagram of trolley.

Fig. 2 is the overlooking the structure diagram of trolley.

Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic view of the power section of trolley.

The meaning of each label is in figure:1- pedestals, 2- universal wheels, 3- riser guide stents, 4- support-folding supporting rods, 5- tie-beams, the first leads of 6-, the first guide grooves of 7-, 8- electric machine supports, 9- take-up pulleies, 10- motors, 11- transverse axis, 12- are led To pulley, 13- steel wire ropes, 14- pallets, 15- classification boxes, (15-1)-classification grid, (15-2)-horizontal half, (15-3)- Overturn half portion, (15-4)-hinge, the second leads of 16-, the second guide grooves of 17-, the flexible overturning pull rods of 18-, the folding of 19- pallets Supporting rod, 20- bending shafts, 21- articulated shafts, the 3rd guide grooves of 22-, 23- gear slots, 24- postive stop baffles.

The particular content of the present invention is described in more detail below in conjunction with drawings and examples.

Specific embodiment

Above-mentioned technical proposal is deferred to, specific embodiments of the present invention are given below, it is necessary to which explanation is the present invention not office It is limited to specific examples below, all equivalents done on the basis of technical scheme each fall within the protection model of the present invention It encloses.The present invention is described in further details with reference to embodiment.

Embodiment:

Above-mentioned technical proposal is deferred to, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the present embodiment provides a kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and transport Trolley, the pedestal 1 including carrying universal wheel 2,1 on both sides of the middle of pedestal are turnably equipped with a pair of of riser guide stent 3, lifting It is hinged with support-folding supporting rod 4 between rail brackets 3 and pedestal 1, riser guide during support-folding 4 linear state of supporting rod Between stent 3 and pedestal 1 in vertical state;

Tie-beam 5 is installed, tie-beam 5 is provided at both ends with the first lead 6, rises between the riser guide stent 3 The first guide groove 7 with the cooperation of the first lead 6 is provided on drop rail brackets 3, tie-beam 5 is in the first lead 6 and first It can be along 3 elevating movement of riser guide stent under the cooperation of guide groove 7;

Electric machine support 8 is also equipped on a pair of of riser guide stent 3, is equipped on electric machine support 8 with take-up The motor 10 of wheel 9 is equipped with transverse axis 11 on the riser guide stent 3 of the top of motor 10, is equipped on transverse axis 11 and is with transverse axis 11 The leading block 12 that rotation axis rotates, is connected with one end of steel wire rope 13 on take-up pulley 9, and the other end of steel wire rope 13 is around being oriented to Pulley 12 is connected with tie-beam 5, and motor 10 drives 5 elevating movement of tie-beam;

5 both sides of tie-beam are symmetrically installed with a pair of of pallet 14, the top surface of each pallet 14 and away from tie-beam 5 End face opens, and is equipped with to hold the classification box 15 of cargo in each pallet 14, is provided in the classification box 15 Multiple classification grid 15-1;

The classification box 15 divides for horizontal half 15-2 and overturning half portion 15-3 two parts, horizontal half 15-2 and turns over Rotary type connects between turning half portion 15-3;The both sides of horizontal half 15-2 are provided with the second lead 16, the two side of pallet 14 Upper level is machined with the second guide groove 17, and the second lead 16 is mounted on 17 interior classification 15 phase of box that enables of the second guide groove Plug-type movement is realized for pallet 14;

It is connected between the end of overturning half portion 15-3 and the end of pedestal 1 by flexibility overturning pull rod 18, it is flexible Pull rod 18 is overturn to be used for overturning half portion 15-3 and horizontal half 15-2 from folded state as the rising of pallet 14 is pulled to exhibition Open state;

Pallet folding support bar 19 is hinged between 1 both sides of 14 both sides of pallet and pedestal, all pallets fold branch The bending shaft 20 of strut 19 is on same horizontal plane.

Pallet folding support 19 projection in the horizontal plane of bar of 14 both sides of pallet is intersected.Such structure can stablize branch Support.

The top of pallet folding support bar 19 is hinged on the second guide groove 17 on pallet 14, installation easy to disassemble.

The movement in the second guide groove 17 between the pallet folding support bar 19 of 14 both sides of pallet of second lead 16.

The articulated shaft 21 of the bottom of pallet folding support bar 19 is mounted in the 3rd guide groove 22 that 1 both sides of pedestal are set, The gear slot 23 coordinated with articulated shaft 21, articulated shaft 21 and 22 end of the 3rd guide groove or shelves are additionally provided in 3rd guide groove 22 Position slot 23 coordinates the pallet 14 for being used to support different height.Different stalls, height are different.

1 both sides of pedestal are equipped with postive stop baffle 24, and postive stop baffle 24 is used to carry out /V to pallet 14, under pallet 14= When dropping down onto on pedestal 1, /V is carried out.

Realize that rotary type connects by hinge 15-4 between horizontal half 15-2 and overturning half portion 15-3.

The use process of the present invention is as described below:

The original state of trolley be contraction state, courier from warehouse picking when, the trolley being folded is opened rapidly, first Riser guide stent 3 is opened, support-folding supporting rod 4 is straightened at this time with pedestal 1 in vertical state, and self-locking is played support and made With then startup motor 10, drives pallet 14 to move upwards, with the rising of pallet 14, pallet folding support by motor 10 Bar 19 is slowly unfolded, flexibility overturning pull rod 18 be also unfolded and generate pulling force, the horizontal half 15-2 that doubling is stacked together and Half portion 15-3 expansion is overturn, and causes classification box 15 moves in pallet 14 to both ends to strut.Motor 10 drives pallet 14 It rises to predeterminated position to stop rising, if you need to higher height, can allow motor 10 that pallet 14 is driven to rise to a new high degree, this When, it is necessary to which the articulated shaft 21 of pallet folding support bar 19 is moved to some default gear from the end of the 3rd guide groove 22 Pallet 14 is supported in slot 23.

It is by box 15 of classifying that middle-size and small-size cargo is rapid according to the classification and size of different requirements after trolley is fully deployed Classify and effect shipment, while more large-scale or valuable fragile article is fitted into the space between pallet 14 and pedestal 1, will classify The horizontal push-in compartment of cargo held in box 15, then large-scale delicate articles are packed into compartment, a warehouse is completed to express delivery vehicle Loading flow, trolley is then folded into rapidly original state, is then placed within the vacant position of express delivery vehicle.When courier reaches After drop off locations, trolley is opened rapidly, the cargo classified taking-up is positioned on trolley, passes through the commodity classified Classification carries out speed delivery, and postman is avoided frequently to pass in and out compartment, while avoids the occurrence of the situation for looking for cargo difficult, so as to drop The labor intensity of low postman, if poor in geographical environment, region that express delivery vehicle not easily passs through can be by trolley as a shifting Dynamic formula category is completed to deliver work.It completes after delivering, trolley is folded rapidly and is positioned over express delivery car, complete one completely Express transportation with deliver flow.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie, the pedestal (1) including carrying universal wheel (2), pedestal (1) on both sides of the middle A pair of of riser guide stent (3) is turnably installed, support-folding is hinged between riser guide stent (3) and pedestal (1) Supporting rod (4), perpendicular shape between riser guide stent (3) and pedestal (1) during support-folding supporting rod (4) linear state State, it is characterised in that:
Tie-beam (5) is installed, tie-beam (5) is provided at both ends with the first lead between the riser guide stent (3) (6), the first guide groove (7) with the first lead (6) cooperation is provided on riser guide stent (3), tie-beam (5) is first It can be along riser guide stent (3) elevating movement under the cooperation of lead (6) and the first guide groove (7);
Electric machine support (8) is also equipped on a pair of of riser guide stent (3), is equipped on electric machine support (8) with receipts The motor (10) of line wheel (9) is equipped with transverse axis (11) on the riser guide stent (3) above motor (10), and transverse axis is pacified on (11) Equipped with the leading block (12) rotated with transverse axis (11) for rotation axis, one end of steel wire rope (13), steel are connected on take-up pulley (9) The other end of cord (13) is connected around leading block (12) with tie-beam (5), and motor (10) drives tie-beam (5) to lift fortune It is dynamic;
Described tie-beam (5) both sides are symmetrically installed with a pair of of pallet (14), the top surface of each pallet (14) and separate tie-beam (5) end face opens, and is equipped with to hold the classification box (15) of cargo, the classification box in each pallet (14) (15) multiple classification grid (15-1) are provided in;
The classification box (15) is divided into horizontal half (15-2) and overturning half portion (15-3) two parts, horizontal half (15-2) Rotary type connects between overturning half portion (15-3);The both sides of horizontal half (15-2) are provided with the second lead (16), pallet (14) level is machined with the second guide groove (17) on two side, and the second lead (16), which is mounted in the second guide groove (17), to be made The box (15) that must classify can realize plug-type movement compared with pallet (14);
It is connected between the end of the overturning half portion (15-3) and the end of pedestal (1) by flexibility overturning pull rod (18), it is soft Property overturning pull rod (18) for half portion (15-3) and horizontal half (15-2) will to be overturn from folded state with pallet (14) It rises and pulls to unfolded state;
Pallet folding support bar (19) is hinged between pallet (14) both sides and pedestal (1) both sides, all pallets fold The bending shaft (20) of supporting rod (19) is on same horizontal plane.
2. multiple changing type express delivery classification as described in claim 1 and travelling bogie, it is characterised in that:Described pallet (14) both sides Pallet folding support bar (19) projection in the horizontal plane intersect.
3. multiple changing type express delivery classification as described in claim 1 and travelling bogie, it is characterised in that:The pallet folding support The top of bar (19) is hinged on the second guide groove (17) on pallet (14).
4. multiple changing type express delivery classification as claimed in claim 3 and travelling bogie, it is characterised in that:Second lead (16) movement in the second guide groove (17) between the pallet folding support bar (19) of pallet (14) both sides.
5. multiple changing type express delivery classification as described in claim 1 and travelling bogie, it is characterised in that:The pallet folding support The articulated shaft (21) of the bottom of bar (19) is mounted in the 3rd guide groove (22) that pedestal (1) both sides are set, the 3rd guide groove (22) the gear slot (23) with articulated shaft (21) cooperation, articulated shaft (21) and the 3rd guide groove (22) end or shelves are additionally provided in Position slot (23) coordinates the pallet (14) for being used to support different height.
6. multiple changing type express delivery classification as described in claim 1 and travelling bogie, it is characterised in that:Described pedestal (1) both sides Postive stop baffle (24) is installed, postive stop baffle (24) is used to carry out /V to pallet (14).
7. multiple changing type express delivery classification as described in claim 1 and travelling bogie, it is characterised in that:Horizontal half (the 15- 2) realize that rotary type connects by hinge (15-4) between overturning half portion (15-3).
CN201610488272.XA 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie CN106004942B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610488272.XA CN106004942B (en) 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610488272.XA CN106004942B (en) 2016-06-28 2016-06-28 A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie

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CN106004942B true CN106004942B (en) 2018-05-25

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CN107472319A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-12-15 太仓市伦文机械有限公司 A kind of anticollision barrow

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US7168715B1 (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-01-30 Neil Friedman Collapsible cart
GB2512103B (en) * 2013-03-20 2016-09-28 Torros Ltd Folding trolley
CN105539546B (en) * 2016-01-28 2018-03-30 苏州市职业大学 A kind of folding multistage lifting freight
CN205801175U (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-12-14 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of multiple changing type express delivery classification and travelling bogie

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