CN106004831B - Intelligence drives training travel controlling system - Google Patents

Intelligence drives training travel controlling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106004831B
CN106004831B CN201610632041.1A CN201610632041A CN106004831B CN 106004831 B CN106004831 B CN 106004831B CN 201610632041 A CN201610632041 A CN 201610632041A CN 106004831 B CN106004831 B CN 106004831B
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China
Prior art keywords
controller
measuring sensor
training
distance measuring
brake
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Application number
CN201610632041.1A
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CN106004831A (en
Inventor
贾晓杰
邸建辉
陈南峰
孙儒
崔强
彭程
王宏
李杨昭
左晶培
赵亮
焦霞
周楚越
周建刚
范国彦
丁立彬
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SHIJIAZHUANG HUAYAN TRAFFIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHIJIAZHUANG HUAYAN TRAFFIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication of CN106004831A publication Critical patent/CN106004831A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60TVEHICLE BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF; BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEMS OR PARTS THEREOF, IN GENERAL; ARRANGEMENT OF BRAKING ELEMENTS ON VEHICLES IN GENERAL; PORTABLE DEVICES FOR PREVENTING UNWANTED MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES; VEHICLE MODIFICATIONS TO FACILITATE COOLING OF BRAKES
    • B60T7/00Brake-action initiating means
    • B60T7/12Brake-action initiating means for automatic initiation; for initiation not subject to will of driver or passenger
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K26/00Arrangements or mounting of propulsion unit control devices in vehicles
    • B60K26/02Arrangements or mounting of propulsion unit control devices in vehicles of initiating means or elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of intelligence to drive training travel controlling system, is related to motor vehicle driving technical field;Including autonomous brake gear, autonomous brake gear includes preceding distance measuring sensor, rear distance measuring sensor, driver, positioning device and controller;The output end of preceding distance measuring sensor and rear distance measuring sensor is all connected with controller input terminal, and the output end of positioning device is connected with the input terminal of controller;The output end of controller is connected with driver, is stored in controller and drives training electronic map data;Structure is simple, easy to use, meets the needs for driving training, and realization drives training process from main brake.

Description

Intelligence drives training travel controlling system
Technical field
The present invention relates to motor vehicle driving technical fields.
Background technique
Current motor vehicle driving training is most of or based on manually imparting knowledge to students, and to train oral account, student voluntarily understands Mode carry out Driving study.Student's spirit during practice is more nervous, is easy to appear faulty operation (such as steering wheel Obscure regardless of, brake and throttle foot pedal left and right), although copilot is foot-operated equipped with auxiliary brake, when reacting slow due to coach still It not can avoid because of the dangerous situation occurred slowly of braking.The even coach that has is imparted knowledge to students with vehicle, when there is dangerous situation student without Method is voluntarily handled, to cause the safety accidents such as collision.
Driving training process and normal driver driving due to motor vehicle has very big difference, i.e. motor vehicle is driven training student and do not driven mostly Vehicle experience will not drive, and need that student is trained to drive accuracy in the training process, cannot touch the barrier on some side, and And excessive velocities are unable in driving procedure, so to guaranteeing that safe device is more demanding, it is existing to be considered as from master driver Having taken driving license can drive have certain experiences personnel setting, existing to meet the needs driven in training from master driver.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, provide a kind of intelligence to drive training traveling control Device processed, structure is simple, easy to use, can be realized during driving training when driving into institute's restricted area or having barrier, autonomous to stop Vehicle device timely and effective can take brake measure, guarantee safety.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is: including autonomous brake gear, from main brake Device includes preceding distance measuring sensor, rear distance measuring sensor, driver, positioning device and controller;Preceding distance measuring sensor and rear survey Output end away from sensor is all connected with controller input terminal, and the output end of positioning device is connected with the input terminal of controller;Control The output end of device processed is connected with driver, is stored in controller and drives training electronic map data.
Preferably, preceding distance measuring sensor is distance measuring sensor before ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor.
Preferably, rear distance measuring sensor is distance measuring sensor after ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor.
Preferably, positioning device is GPS positioning antenna.
Preferably, controller is the embedded brake controller with positioning function.
Preferably, brake gear are as follows: connecting rope one end is fixed on vehicle bottom, the spool on the connecting rope other end and motor It is connected, motor is fixed in the foot-operated connecting rod of brake;The motor is connected with controller.
Preferably, further including throttle limitation component, throttle limitation component is fixed on the vehicle below throttle foot pedal connecting rod On body.
Preferably, throttle limitation component is the adjustable and retractable bar of energy horizontal extension, adjustable and retractable bar one end and vehicle Body is connected.
The beneficial effects of adopting the technical scheme are that the configuration of the present invention is simple, easy to use, realize away from From judgement and region decision, it is stored with electronic map data in controller, can be realized and drive into institute's restricted area during driving training Or when having barrier, autonomous brake gear timely and effective can take brake measure, meet the needs for driving safe driving in training, realize Training process is driven from main brake, guarantees safety;Throttle limitation component can limit the dynamics of student pilot's foot throttle, prevent because of throttle It is excessive to cause danger.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural block diagram of the present invention from master driver;
Fig. 2 is the use state diagram of driver in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the use state diagram of throttle limitation component of the present invention.
In figure: 1, preceding distance measuring sensor;2, rear distance measuring sensor;3, controller;5, positioning device;6, brake gear;7, Throttle foot pedal;8, throttle limits component;6.1, motor;6.2, connecting rope;6.3, brake is foot-operated;8.1, outer layer sleeve;8.2, interior Layer casing;8.3, fixation hole;8.4, spring fixture block.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, driving one embodiment of training travel controlling system for a kind of intelligence of the present invention, including filled from main brake It sets, autonomous brake gear includes preceding distance measuring sensor 1, rear distance measuring sensor 2, brake gear 6, positioning device 5 and controller 3; The output end of preceding distance measuring sensor 1 and rear distance measuring sensor 2 is all connected with 3 input terminal of controller, when vehicle advances or falls back When front or behind has barrier, preceding distance measuring sensor 1 and rear distance measuring sensor 2 can feed back information to controller 3;Positioning dress 5 output end is set to be connected with the input terminal of controller 3;The output end of controller 3 is connected with brake gear 6, storage in controller 3 Drive training electronic map data, positioning device 5 can position the location transmission where vehicle to controller 3,3 meeting of controller and drive Training electronic map data compares, and then judges the position of motor vehicle, if motor vehicle drives into what motor vehicle cannot drive into When restricted area, controller 3 can issue brake signal and be transferred to brake gear 6, and brake gear 6 starts to brake of motor-driven vehicle.
Autonomous brake gear mainly drives into limitation if there is emergency or motor vehicle during student's practice Student does not take brake measure when encountering barrier during region, forward or backward, in order to guarantee that practice process is smoothly pacified Energy complete and being arranged makes motor vehicle energy oneself take the device of brake by the control of controller, is able to satisfy in dangerous situation Under, autonomous, timely, positive braking requirement.
Due to motor vehicle drive training during it is stringenter to restricted area requirement, it is desirable that student must operating motor vehicles exist It is travelled in unrestricted region, so must be monitored to running region entire in travel route, even if in straight-line travelling process In the case where still having into restricted area, if student does not brake in time beyond restricted area, autonomous brake gear will Starting.
Preceding distance measuring sensor 1 is distance measuring sensor before ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor, and rear distance measuring sensor 2 is ultrasonic distance measurement Distance measuring sensor after sensor, preceding distance measuring sensor 1 and rear distance measuring sensor 2 are mainly the things to motor vehicle front and rear It is detected, is monitored when being moved forward or back to motor vehicle, realize the judgement of the distance between motor vehicle and barrier;If preceding There is barrier at side or rear and motor vehicle does not take brake measure, and controller 3 then can length according to motor vehicle apart from barrier Degree issues corresponding brake signal to from master driver, can be measured according to ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor apart from barrier away from From control braking strength, motor vehicle is bigger apart from the nearlyr braking strength of barrier.
Positioning device 5 is GPS positioning antenna, and GPS positioning antenna can position vehicle, and positioning device 5 can also be read Vehicle running speed is transferred in controller 3, and the area judging software in controller 3 can be to motor vehicle according in controller 3 The electronic map data of storage is judged, realizes motor vehicle region decision;Do not issue instruction if not entering restricted area, The car speed that the meeting of controller 3 comprehensive transmission comes when vehicle crosses restricted area issues corresponding brake to from master driver Vehicle signal.
Controller 3 is the embedded brake controller with positioning function, and existing frequently-used technology is more advanced, band positioning function Positioning function is realized in controller and GPS positioning the antenna cooperation of energy.
It is illustrated in figure 2 driver use state diagram, brake gear 6 are as follows: 6.2 one end of connecting rope is fixed on vehicle bottom Portion, 6.2 other end of connecting rope are connected with the rope roll on motor, and motor 6.1 is fixed in the foot-operated connecting rod of brake, motor 6.1 It is equipped with buckle to be directly installed in connecting rod, motor 6.1 is connected with controller 3;When controller 3 issues brake instruction to electricity When machine 6.1, motor 6.1 starts, and motor drives 6.2 one ends wound of connecting rope in rope roll, so that brake foot-operated 6.3 is downwards Mobile to brake of motor-driven vehicle, spool is equipped with limiting device, limits 6.2 coiling length of connecting rope, simple and convenient, prevents accident from sending out Raw, motor 6.1 is placed on and brakes in foot-operated 6.3 connecting rods connecting, and being placed on connecting rod top will not influence normal driving, Securely and reliably, connecting rope 6.2 is wirerope, durable, the connecting rope that other can also be made relatively to explain.
It is illustrated in figure 3 the use state diagram of throttle limitation component of the present invention, throttle limitation component 8 is fixed on throttle On car body below foot-operated 7 connecting rods, the setting of throttle limitation component 8 can prevent new student during practice due to flurried Or stress leads to mis-accelerator pressing or tramples the case where throttle is excessively exerted oneself, prevent because throttle it is excessive caused by accident send out It is raw.
Throttle limits the adjustable and retractable bar that component 8 is energy horizontal extension, and telescopic rod is two layers of casing, outer layer sleeve 8.1 is hollow, and inner layer sleeve 8.2 is sleeved in outer layer sleeve 8.1 and inner layer sleeve 8.2 can twitch back and forth in outer layer sleeve 8.1, Outer layer sleeve 8.1 is equipped at least one fixation hole 8.3, and inner layer sleeve 8.2 is sleeved on 8.1 one end of outer layer sleeve equipped with opposite Two spring fixture blocks 8.4, spring fixture block 8.4 are adapted with fixation hole 8.3, by adjustment spring fixture block 8.4 in which fixation hole The length of telescopic rod is adjusted in 8.3, it is simple and convenient;Telescopic rod one end is connected with car body, the other end of adjustable and retractable bar with The connecting rod of throttle foot pedal 7 has certain distance, when step on the throttle foot-operated 7 after, due to the blocking of adjustable and retractable bar, so that throttle Foot-operated 7, which can only step on a certain distance, cannot step on bottom, to achieve the purpose that the size for limiting throttle, throttle foot pedal 7 is stepped on Under depth be set as needed, the length by adjusting adjustable and retractable bar adjusts the depth that throttle foot pedal 7 is stepped on, simply It is convenient, it realizes to new student or has the student of certain experiences that can step on the setting of depth difference to throttle foot pedal 7, reach to not classmate The different setting of member, realizes the purpose to different student's various teachings.
Use process:
Electronic Mapping, this electronic map and actual place are carried out to the place for driving training training place by locating base station It is one-to-one.Then it can drive the later period on training electronic map and draw out restricted area (such as project exterior domain 1:1 is corresponding Or greenbelt etc.), then the training electronic map of driving to complete is input in the embedded brake controller with positioning function. In vehicle travel process, embedded brake controller connection GSP positioning antenna can judge vehicle on driving training electronic map Position.When vehicle crosses restricted area, the area judging autonomous control software in embedded brake controller can be with according to phase Delivering brake instruction is closed to driver, driver will respond instruction and brake.
In addition to area judging from main brake other than, be also respectively provided with ranging before ultrasonic wave in the headstock and the tailstock of vehicle and pass Distance measuring sensor after sensor and ultrasonic wave, for differentiating vehicle in normally travel and reversing process, if front or behind Brake signal can also be triggered to embedded brake controller, to control brake by having in a distance when pedestrian, vehicle or barrier Vehicle device takes in time vehicle brake measure.The dynamics of brake can with according to vehicle and restricted area or barrier it is opposite away from Off normal to set and be adjusted, that is, cross restricted area it is remoter or closer from barrier when braking strength it is bigger, guarantee knocking obstacle The minimum safe distance of object is interior or crosses realization discretionary security parking outside the restricted area of restriction.In addition the design attached throttle Component is limited, can limit and adjust the size that throttle foot pedal tramples depth, the control to throttle size is realized, prevents student from stepping on the gas It runs at high speed, ensures the safety of student.
After adopting the above technical scheme, it is easy to use, Distance Judgment and region decision are realized, is stored with and drives in controller Train electronic map data, can be realized during driving training when driving into institute's restricted area or having barrier, autonomous brake gear energy and Shi Youxiao takes brake measure, meets the needs for driving safe driving in training, and realization drives training process from main brake, and throttle limits component The dynamics that student pilot's foot throttle can be limited, prevent because throttle it is excessive caused by danger.
It realizes and autonomous control brake is carried out to the vehicle for crossing restricted area;Vehicle is realized in normally travel, it is preceding Occur autonomous control when barrier in square certain distance to brake;It realizes in the process of backing up, hinders in the certain distance of rear Autonomous control is braked when hindering object;Perfect intelligent driving training and driver's examination system industry are in terms of vehicle driving safety It is insufficient;Realize the limitation to vehicle accelerator size.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of intelligence drives training travel controlling system, it is characterised in that: including autonomous brake gear, before autonomous brake gear includes Distance measuring sensor (1), rear distance measuring sensor (2), brake gear (6), positioning device (5) and controller (3);The preceding ranging passes The output end of sensor (1) and rear distance measuring sensor (2) is all connected with controller (3) input terminal, the output end of positioning device (5) with The input terminal of controller (3) is connected;The output end of the controller (3) is connected with brake gear (6), storage in controller (3) Drive training electronic map data;Positioning device (5) is GPS positioning antenna;
Electronic Mapping is carried out to the place for driving training training place by locating base station, electronic map and actual place are an a pair Answer, then 1:1 it is corresponding drive training electronic map on the later period draw out restricted area, then drive training electronics for what is completed Map is input in the controller with positioning function;In vehicle travel process, controller connection locator can judge vehicle Driving the position on training electronic map, area judging autonomous control software when vehicle crosses restricted area, in controller It can be with issuing brake instruction to driver according to relevant information, driver will respond instruction and brake;
When having pedestrian, vehicle, barrier in the limiting distance of front or behind also can trigger controller, to control brake gear Brake measure is taken vehicle in time.
2. intelligence according to claim 1 drives training travel controlling system, it is characterised in that the preceding distance measuring sensor (1) is Distance measuring sensor before ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor.
3. intelligence according to claim 1 drives training travel controlling system, it is characterised in that distance measuring sensor (2) is after described Distance measuring sensor after ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor.
4. intelligence according to claim 1 drives training travel controlling system, it is characterised in that the brake gear (6) are as follows: even Splicing (6.2) one end is fixed on vehicle bottom, and connecting rope (6.2) other end is connected with the spool on motor (6.1), motor (6.1) It is fixed in the connecting rod for riding (6.3) of braking;The motor (6.1) is connected with controller (3).
5. intelligence according to claim 1 drives training travel controlling system, it is characterised in that further include throttle limitation component (8), throttle limitation component (8) is fixed on the car body below throttle foot pedal (7) connecting rod.
6. intelligence according to claim 5 drives training travel controlling system, it is characterised in that the throttle limits component (8) and is The adjustable and retractable bar of energy horizontal extension, adjustable and retractable bar one end is connected with car body.
CN201610632041.1A 2016-08-04 2016-08-04 Intelligence drives training travel controlling system Active CN106004831B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106585592A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-04-26 安徽嘻哈网络技术有限公司 Electronic coach active safety braking system
CN108762226A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-11-06 济南浪潮高新科技投资发展有限公司 A kind of automatic driving vehicle test method, apparatus and system
CN111497800B (en) * 2019-01-31 2022-01-21 北京骑胜科技有限公司 Vehicle braking method, device, electronic equipment and storage medium

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CN202782711U (en) * 2012-08-24 2013-03-13 向贤卫 Speed limiting device of vehicle
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CN103587489A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-02-19 蔡浩 Collision prevention device for automobile
CN205220505U (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-05-11 山东君越电子科技有限公司 Driving record vehicle collision avoidance system
CN206171432U (en) * 2016-08-04 2017-05-17 石家庄华燕交通科技有限公司 Intelligence is driven and is banked up driving control device with earth

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000264092A (en) * 1999-03-19 2000-09-26 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Vehicle-to-vehicle distance control device
CN101765866A (en) * 2007-09-06 2010-06-30 威伯科有限公司 Motor vehicle control system
CN202782711U (en) * 2012-08-24 2013-03-13 向贤卫 Speed limiting device of vehicle
CN202987119U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-06-12 东莞市科旺网络能源有限公司 Automobile anti-collision system
CN103587489A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-02-19 蔡浩 Collision prevention device for automobile
CN205220505U (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-05-11 山东君越电子科技有限公司 Driving record vehicle collision avoidance system
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