CN106002563A - Grinding machine with grinding tool capable of directional grinding and grinding production line - Google Patents

Grinding machine with grinding tool capable of directional grinding and grinding production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106002563A
CN106002563A CN201610541546.7A CN201610541546A CN106002563A CN 106002563 A CN106002563 A CN 106002563A CN 201610541546 A CN201610541546 A CN 201610541546A CN 106002563 A CN106002563 A CN 106002563A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grinding tool
stone
arm
mill
mill arm
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201610541546.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈锡奎
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QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Original Assignee
QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
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Application filed by QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD filed Critical QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Priority to CN201610541546.7A priority Critical patent/CN106002563A/en
Publication of CN106002563A publication Critical patent/CN106002563A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/22Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

The invention discloses a grinding machine with a grinding tool capable of directional grinding. The grinding machine comprises a grinding arm, the grinding tool and a working table, wherein a stone clamp for clamping a stone is arranged on the working table and drives the stone to rotate; the grinding arm is arranged on the working table in a sliding manner; the sliding direction of the grinding tool is parallel to the rotating axis of the stone; the grinding tool is mounted on the grinding arm. With adoption of the structure, the grinding machine has the following beneficial effects: the grinding tool is fixedly mounted relative to the grinding arm; when the grinding machine is under operation, only the side, corresponding to the stone, of the grinding tool is used to grind the rotating stone, and after the side is worn, the grinding tool is mounted in another angle; the grinding machine capable of grinding with the manner is simpler in structure and lower in requirement of self precision, so that the production cost of the grinding machine is greatly reduced.

Description

The polisher of grinding tool orientation polishing, polishing production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to the manufacture field of a kind of polisher, a kind of grinding tool is fixed To the polisher of polishing, polishing production line.
Background technology
Generally by grinding tool or abrasive material, existing stone sander is shown in that light is carried out in the face of stone material Polishing, this type of polisher has that polishing lines are high without wave, surface smoothness and that efficiency is high is excellent Point, is suitable for streamline processing, and owing to existing stone sander is application grinding tool High speed rotating the stone material of clamping is polished, this allows for the structure of stone sander the most relatively For complexity, belong to the machine that precision is higher, and manufacture the life needed for the machine that precision is higher It is also higher for producing cost.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the polisher of a kind of grinding tool orientation polishing, polishing production line, Its simple in construction, production cost straight line reduce.
The polisher of a kind of grinding tool orientation polishing, including mill arm, grinding tool and workbench, described work Being provided with the stone clamp for clamping stone material in station, described stone clamp drives described stone material Rotating, described mill arm is slideably positioned on described workbench, and the glide direction of described mill arm is parallel In the rotation axis of described stone material, described grinding tool is installed on described mill arm.
Connected removably by a grinding tool connector between described grinding tool and described mill arm Being connected together, described grinding tool continues against described stone material in the face of the corresponding side of described stone material;Described Grinding tool connector includes connecting rod, and the most corresponding and described grinding tool and institute are distinguished in the two ends of described connecting rod State mill arm threaded;Or described grinding tool or described mill arm are fixed in one end of described connecting rod On, the other end of described connecting rod is threadeded with described mill arm or described grinding tool;Or it is described Threadeding with described mill arm in one end of connecting rod, the other end of described connecting rod is provided with clamping Portion, described grinding tool is located in described clamping part.
Also including that compensation device, described compensation device are connected on described mill arm, described compensation fills Put the described grinding tool of drive to continue against described stone material.
It is provided with translation track on described workbench, described mill arm is provided with and described translation rail The slide block that road matches;Or the both sides of described workbench are respectively arranged with slide block, described mill arm The position of the described slide block of upper correspondence is respectively arranged with translation track.
Also include that reversing frame, described reversing frame are installed on described mill arm removably, The described grinding tool of at least two different hardness is installed on described reversing frame, and each described grinding tool is equal Even it is distributed in an orderly manner on described reversing frame;By a mill between described reversing frame and described mill arm Tool connector links together removably, and described grinding tool connector includes connecting rod, The two ends of described connecting rod corresponding and described mill arm or described reversing frame respectively are threadeded.
Each described grinding tool is set removably by a corresponding grinding tool connector respectively Being placed on the relevant position of described reversing frame, described grinding tool connector includes the connection of at least two Bar, one end of every described connecting rod is individually fixed on described reversing frame or described grinding tool, often The other end of connecting rod described in root and corresponding described grinding tool or the relevant position of described reversing frame Threaded.
A kind of grinding tool orientation polishing polishing production line, including workbench, at least two mill arm with And the grinding tool the most corresponding with mill arm each described, each described grinding tool has different hardness, Each described mill arm is all slideably positioned on described workbench, and each described grinding tool is installed on correspondence Described mill arm on, each described grinding tool is resisted against described the most successively in the face of the corresponding side of stone material On stone material.
It is provided with translation track on described workbench, each described mill arm is respectively arranged with and institute State the slide block that translation track matches;Or the both sides of described workbench are respectively arranged with slide block, On each described mill arm, the position of corresponding described slide block is respectively arranged with translation track.
By grinding tool connector with removable between each described grinding tool and corresponding described mill arm The mode unloaded links together;Described grinding tool connector includes and described grinding tool, described mill arm pair The connecting rod answered, the two ends of every described connecting rod respectively with corresponding described mill arm and described mill Have threaded;Or one end of every described connecting rod is individually fixed in the described grinding tool of correspondence Or on described mill arm, the other end of every described connecting rod and corresponding described mill arm or described mill Have threaded;Or one end of every described connecting rod respectively with corresponding described mill arm screw thread Connecting, the other end of every described connecting rod offers clamping part respectively, described grinding tool is respectively It is located in the described clamping part of correspondence.
Also include that the pressure compensator of at least two, each described pressure compensator set respectively Being placed on corresponding described mill arm, described pressure compensator drives described grinding tool to continue against institute State stone material.
Using said structure, the polisher of a kind of grinding tool of present invention orientation polishing has following useful Effect: grinding tool relatively grinds arm and is fixed installation, during work, only corresponding with stone material with grinding tool The stone material that rotates of side polishing, after this lateral wearing, then grinding tool changed angle install, The sander structure using this kind of mode to polish is relatively simple, to self rigorous relatively Low, therefore, it is possible to make the production cost straight line of polisher reduce.
Using said structure, the polishing production line of a kind of grinding tool of present invention orientation polishing has following Beneficial effect: produce with the polishing forming stone material by arranging multiple mill arm on translation track Line, can realize carrying out same stone material the polishing of multiple tracks, effectively raises polisher polishing stone The work efficiency of material, and this sander structure is simple, the lowest to the requirement of self precision, Therefore the production cost of polisher can reduce by straight line.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 2 is another structural representation (without stone clamp) of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 3 is another structural representation of grinding tool in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the hydraulic schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention two.
In figure:
1-grinds arm 11-slide block
2-grinding tool 21-the second through hole
22-buffed surface 23-fixed station
231-fixing hole 3-workbench
31-the first pedestal 311-transverse translation track
32-the second pedestal 331-left column
332-right column 34-vertical translation track
41-connecting rod one 411-holding tank
4111-the first installing hole 4112-the second installing hole
42-connecting rod two 51-fuel tank
52-oil cylinder 521-piston rod
53-plunger-type fuel pump 531-hand lever
54-choke valve 6-grinds arm
Arm is ground under 61-upper mill arm 62-
Detailed description of the invention
In order to technical scheme is explained further, come this below by specific embodiment Invention is described in detail.
The polisher of a kind of grinding tool of present invention orientation polishing, it is adaptable to the stone material of rotary structure, As Figure 1-5, including mill arm 1, grinding tool 2 and workbench 3, workbench 3 is provided with The stone clamp of clamping stone material, stone clamp drives stone material to rotate, workbench 3 is provided with flat Moving track, mill arm 1 is slideably positioned on this translation track, and the glide direction of mill arm 1 is parallel to The rotation axis of stone material, grinding tool 2 is arranged on mill arm 1 removably.Wherein, mill Tool 2 is buffed surface 22 corresponding to the outer peripheral face of stone material, and when working, grinding tool 2 grinds relatively Arm 1 fixedly mounts, and when stone material rotates, buffed surface 22 only (is beaten by the side abutted against with stone material Mill side) stone material is polished.This orientation refers to that grinding tool relatively grinds arm fixed installation and only uses grinding tool The stone material that the side polishing corresponding with stone material rotates.
Embodiment one
As a example by disk grinding tool conventional on existing polisher, as it is shown in figure 1, workbench 3 wraps Include the first pedestal 31 and the second pedestal 32 being arranged side by side, the first pedestal 31 is provided with flat Moving track, now translation track is transverse translation track 311;Lead between mill arm 1 and grinding tool 2 Cross a grinding tool connector to link together removably.Wherein, stone clamp uses existing There is the stone clamp that polishing field is common.
Grinding tool connector has connecting rod 1 and bolt, and grinding tool 2 is fixed on connecting rod 1 One end on.In the present embodiment, stone clamp includes being respectively arranged with top and the two of chuck The connection seat being oppositely arranged.
As it is shown in figure 1, to be provided with the left side that the top direction connecting seat place is workbench 3 Side, then be provided with chuck connect described in seat the right side that direction is workbench 3;With close The direction of stone material is the front side of mill arm 1, then the direction away from stone material is the rear side of mill arm 1.Tool Body, mill arm 1 offers the first through hole, this first through hole is that the leading flank from mill arm 1 passes through Pass to grind the trailing flank of arm 1, the inner surface of the first through hole is provided with female thread, grinding tool 2 Home position offers the second through hole 21;It is provided with on the rear end of connecting rod 1 and leads to first The external screw thread that the female thread in hole is suitable, when the rear end threadingly lines of connecting rod 1 screws in After in first through hole, the end, rear end of connecting rod 1 will protrude above the trailing flank of mill arm 1, Now for make connecting rod 1 be difficult to rock further, the rear end of connecting rod 1 can be with a spiral shell Parent phase cooperation fastens.Meanwhile, the front end of connecting rod 1 is provided with clamping part, clamping part Leading section offer holding tank 411, the groove width of holding tank 411 is slightly less than or equal to grinding tool 2 Thickness, the outer peripheral face of grinding tool 2 is arranged corresponding to stone material, and grinding tool 2 is corresponding to the periphery of stone material Face is buffed surface 22, and grinding tool 2 is axially parallel to the direction sandwiched of rotation axis of stone material with it In holding tank 411, and the second through hole 21 is made to be positioned at holding tank 411, now buffed surface 22 parts protrude from holding tank 411 and corresponding side (polishing side) is resisted against on stone material. Meanwhile, for further ensuring that grinding tool 2 will not rock when polishing stone material, described clamping part is corresponding First, second installation screwed in for bolt it is respectively arranged with in the relevant position of the second through hole 21 Hole 4111,4112, the first installing hole 4111 is oppositely arranged with the second installing hole 4112, the One, female thread it is respectively arranged with on the inner surface of the second installing hole 4111,4112, and first, Female thread in second installing hole 4111,4112 is suitable, and the outer surface of bolt is provided with External screw thread, external screw thread on bolt and the first installing hole 4111 and the second installing hole 4112 interior Screw thread is the most suitable.
In theory, there are two kinds of orientation in the rotation axis of the relative stone material of grinding tool 2, the first: mill The direction of the rotation axis that tool 2 is parallel to stone material with its axis is located in holding tank 411;The Two kinds: the direction of the rotation axis being perpendicular to stone material with its axis of grinding tool 2 is located in holding tank In 411.For ensureing that grinding tool 2 will not rupture, the present embodiment selects the first orientation to enter stone material Row polishing, and handle can be set on nut to facilitate operation.Preferably, also by one Grinding tool 2 is anchored on clamping part by rivet, this rivet sequentially pass through the first installing hole 4111, Second through hole 21 and the second installing hole 4112 carry out tight fit;Or grinding tool 2 is directly welded On clamping part.
During installation, connecting rod 1 rear end directly leads to first from the front side of the first through hole screw-in The rear side in hole, now end, connecting rod 1 rear end will protrude above the trailing flank of mill arm 1, and The front end of connecting rod 1 also protrude from mill arm 1 leading flank, the front end of connecting rod 1 with One nut matches and fastens, and now grinding tool 2 is the most equal with the rotation axis of stone material with it The direction of row is located in holding tank 411.During fastening, the second through hole 21 is respectively with corresponding First, second installing hole 4111,4112 para-position, bolt screw in successively the first installing hole 4111, Through the second through hole 21 with after screwing in the second installing hole 4112, the head of bolt will protrude above the The respective face of two installing holes 4112, bolt and a nut match and are anchored on by grinding tool 2 simultaneously In holding tank 411, make grinding tool 2 to be fixed on closely in holding tank 411, thus avoid Grinding tool 2 polish stone material time grinding tool 2 rock.When the polishing lateral wearing of buffed surface 22 is serious, Unclamp corresponding nuts and bolt, grinding tool 2 is turned over certain angle, make on buffed surface 22 not Used side leans with stone material, and using above-mentioned steps to carry out fastening afterwards can consolidate again Determine grinding tool 2.
Additionally, also have other connected modes between mill arm 1 and grinding tool 2, as in figure 2 it is shown, mill Still linked together by a grinding tool connector between arm 1 and grinding tool 2, but with above institute The difference of the grinding tool connector stated is: grinding tool connector includes connecting rod 2 42, grinds arm 1 On offer third through-hole, this third through-hole from mill arm 1 left surface through to mill arm 1 the right side Side, this third through-hole is provided with female thread, connecting rod 2 42 left end and connecting rod 2 42 Being respectively arranged with external screw thread on the outer surface of right-hand member, the right-hand member of connecting rod 2 42 is the most threadingly Lines screws in third through-hole respectively, and the left end of connecting rod 2 42 directly snaps in the second through hole 21, Then left end and the right-hand member of connecting rod 2 42 is fastened by nut.Now, grinding tool 2 In the left end of connecting rod 2 42, and the axis of grinding tool 2 is parallel to the rotation axis of stone material.
Or, also cushion cap can be set on the left end of connecting rod 2 42 so that connecting rod 2 42 The bar footpath of left end is less than the bar footpath at other positions of connecting rod 2 42, the now hole of the second through hole 21 Footpath is also slightly less than or is equal to connect the bar footpath of 2 42 front ends, the second through hole 21 and connecting rod two The front end of 42 realizes tight fit, makes the week of the second through hole 21 along being resisted against on this cushion cap.
Further, for strengthening the intensity of grinding tool 2, as it is shown on figure 3, can axial at grinding tool 2 Being respectively arranged with fixed station 23 on the home position of both sides, now the shape of fixed station 23 is circle Plate-like, the diameter of fixed station 23 leads to much smaller than the diameter of grinding tool 2, fixed station 23 corresponding second The position in hole 21 offers fixing hole 231, and grinding tool 2 and the gross thickness of two fixed stations 23 It is slightly larger than or is equal to the groove width of holding tank 411.Preferably, the front end of connecting rod 2 42 is successively Can be fastened by nut after fixing hole the 231, second through hole 21 and another fixing hole. The most in the present embodiment, connecting rod 2 42 can also be fixed on grinding tool 2 or be fixed on mill On arm 1, i.e. connecting rod 2 42 is one-body molded with grinding tool or connecting rod 2 42 becomes with mill arm one Type.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1-2, the downside correspondence transverse translation rail of arm 1 is ground The position in road 311 is respectively arranged with slide block 11, by slide block 11 and transverse translation track 311 Cooperate and make mill arm 1 transversely slide.Being also equipped with driver element on mill arm 1, this drives Unit has screw mandrel, nut, traversing driving motor and the turbine being meshed, scroll bar, the first base Being provided with the cavity volume laterally disposed for screw mandrel on seat 31 along its length, screw mandrel is positioned at cavity volume And be laterally articulated on the two ends of transverse translation track 311, turbine is fixed on transverse translation rail On the one end in road 311, one end that turbine is corresponding with screw mandrel socket-connects, and turbine is nibbled mutually with scroll bar Closing, nut is fixed on the downside of mill arm 1 and is connected, by laterally driven with wire rod thread Motor slides with the realization mill arm 1 transversely translation track 311 that is in transmission connection of scroll bar.It is preferred that On nut center between two slide rails 11.Additionally, on the both sides of the first pedestal 31 Slide block can also be respectively provided with, slide rail is set in the position of mill arm 1 downside correspondence slide block.
When by corresponding side (polishing side) the polishing stone material of buffed surface 22 to a certain extent, The polishing side of buffed surface 22 has abrasion, between producing between polishing side and the stone material of buffed surface 22 Gap make buffed surface 22 polishing side cannot persistently be polished to stone material, thus produce bigger mistake Difference.Therefore need on polisher to install compensation device, in order to make the polishing side of buffed surface 22 continue It is resisted against on stone material and stone material is polished.
Wherein, compensation device can be gravity-compensated device, mechanical compensating mechanism or compensation hydraulic dress Put.
Compensation device can use the gravity-compensated device of routine, in the present embodiment gravity compensation dress Put be applicable to buffed surface 22 polishing side be positioned at the front side of stone material, rear side and upside and to stone material Carry out situation about polishing.
Gravity-compensated device includes weight and connecting shaft;The mill arm 1 when using gravity-compensated device Being divided into mill arm and lower mill arm, upper mill arm is hung oneself and is provided with weight, and grinding tool is installed on mill arm, Lower mill arm is matched by transverse translation track 311 and slide block and is arranged on the first pedestal 31, Upper mill arm and lower mill arm are hinged by connecting shaft, make the relatively lower mill arm of mill arm forward or Backward tilting at an angle, this articulated structure can use prior art to realize, such as people's day Often commonly used in life notebook computer, has the technology of many can realize display screen now Can position on arbitrarily angled along connecting shaft under the effect of external force, its structure is also applied for this In embodiment.
Wherein, the corresponding actions that upper mill arm is made along connecting shaft has relation with the weight of weight, when The angle that when weight of weight lays particular stress on, the relatively lower mill arm of upper mill arm tilts forward or backward is bigger than normal, this Time the angle that tilts forward or backward of grinding tool 2 the biggest;Arm is ground on when the weight of weight is partially light The angle that relatively lower mill arm tilts forward or backward is less than normal, and now grinding tool 2 tilts forward or backward Angle the least;But no matter grind on the weight of weight arm all can relatively lower mill arm forward or Tilt backwards so that grinding tool 2 moves down the most therewith, eliminate beating of buffed surface 22 with this Gap between mill side and stone material makes the polishing side of buffed surface 22 persistently be resisted against stone material.Wherein, The weight of weight depends on the size in gap between side and stone material of polishing of buffed surface 22.Preferably Ground, owing to upper mill arm and lower mill arm carry out hinged by connecting shaft, in order to be further ensured that grinding tool During work, above mill arm will not be movable, therefore divides on the elongated end of the hinged place of upper mill arm and lower mill arm Latch disk is not installed, the card of latch disk is circumferentially provided with multiple pin hole, use So that upper mill arm is positioned.
Compensation device can also use the mechanical compensating mechanism of routine, and mechanical compensating mechanism includes silk Bar, nut and driver element;Driver element includes driving motor one, scroll bar and turbine, at this In embodiment mechanical compensating mechanism be applicable to buffed surface 22 polishing side be positioned at stone material front side or The situation that stone material is polished by rear side.
When using mechanical compensating mechanism, mill arm 1 is divided into upper mill arm and lower mill arm, and grinding tool 2 fills It is located on mill arm, the arranged on left and right sides limit of the downside of upper mill arm is respectively arranged with slide rail, The position of the upper side correspondence slide rail of lower mill arm is respectively arranged with suitable slideway, slide rail and cunning Road cooperates, and the two ends of screw mandrel are articulated on lower mill arm, and one end of screw mandrel is socketed on turbine In, and screw mandrel be arranged in parallel with slideway, turbine and scroll bar are meshed, driving motor one and scroll bar It is in transmission connection, now drives motor one, turbine and scroll bar to lay respectively at the rear side of mill arm 1, spiral shell Mother is fixed on the downside of mill arm and screw mandrel is connected with nut thread.When buffed surface 22 Polishing stone material in polishing side, in time making to produce gap between the two for a long time, starts and drives motor one to make scroll bar Transmission turbine rotation, screw mandrel starts to rotarily drive nut and moves forward then, and now upper mill arm is also Begin through the slide rail that cooperates, slide block moves forward so that the polishing side of buffed surface 22 All the time it is resisted against on stone material.Wherein, drive motor one may select and be capable of driving of positive and negative rotation Galvanic electricity machine, to guarantee that screw mandrel can drive upper mill arm forward or backward clockwise or counterclockwise Mobile.
Further, mechanical compensating mechanism also can use spring to constitute spring compensator to realize mending Repay.This spring compensator includes spring, arranges spring in the side of upper mill arm stone material dorsad, Specifically, upper mill arm and lower mill arm are respectively provided with slide rail and slide block by noted earlier, the one of spring End supports the side being connected to mill arm stone material dorsad, and the other end of spring is supported and is connected to one admittedly On fixed rack (L bracket), this fixed support (L bracket) is located at the phase of lower mill arm Answer side.The original state of spring is pressurized contraction state, thus between working as between stone material and grinding tool When gap becomes big, drive upper mill arm to stone moving by the elastic force of spring.Meanwhile, to upper mill arm And the fixing structure that can use foregoing latch disk between lower mill arm.
Further, as shown in Figure 4, compensation device can use the hydraulic compensating device of routine, In the present embodiment, hydraulic compensating device is be applicable to two kinds of situations, the first: buffed surface 22 Polishing side is positioned at the front side of stone material or stone material is polished by rear side;The second: buffed surface 22 Polishing side be positioned at the upside of stone material stone material polished.In both of these case, compensation hydraulic In device, the placement location of piston rod 521 has difference, piston rod 521 level in the first situation It is arranged in mill arm 1, in the second situation, piston rod 521 is vertically arranged at mill arm 1.
Concrete, as shown in Figure 4, which kind of situation hydraulic compensating device all includes fuel tank 51, oil cylinder 52 and plunger-type fuel pump 53, between fuel tank 51 and plunger-type fuel pump 53, fuel tank 51 And it is connected to by pipeline respectively between oil cylinder 52 and between plunger-type fuel pump 53 and oil cylinder 52 Together, a closed-loop path is integrally formed.Arrange on pipeline between fuel tank 51 and oil cylinder 52 Having choke valve 54, choke valve is provided with throttle switch 541, throttle switch 541 is positioned at On mill arm 1 on the one side in other sides in addition to mill arm 1 leading flank.Wherein, mill arm 1 Internal in hollow structure, fuel tank 51, oil cylinder 52 and plunger-type fuel pump 53 are respectively arranged at mill arm 1 In, fuel tank 51 is positioned at the mill bottom of arm 1 and plunger-type fuel pump 53 and oil cylinder 52 lays respectively at oil The top of case 51, is embedded with hand lever 531 in the inner chamber of plunger-type fuel pump 53, oil cylinder 52 Being embedded with piston rod 521 in inner chamber, the position of the lateral surface correspondence hand lever 531 of mill arm 1 is opened It is provided with the fourth hole passed for hand lever 531, makes hand lever 531 be exposed to grind outside arm 1 Side, on the leading flank of mill arm 1, the position of corresponding piston rod 521 offers and wears for piston rod 521 The fifth hole gone out, the free end of piston rod 521 passes fifth hole and is connected with grinding tool 2, The most no matter connecting rod one 41,42 is attached them with which kind of structure is telescopic connection Bar.
When actually used, control hand lever 531 make plunger-type fuel pump 53 work, by fluid from Fuel tank 51 is pumped in oil cylinder 52, promotes piston rod 521 to extend.Due to piston rod 521 Free end be connected with grinding tool 2, and connecting rod is telescopic connection rod, therefore piston rod 521 elongated be dynamically connected bar elongation, it is possible to eliminate buffed surface 22 polishing side and stone material between The gap produced makes the polishing side of buffed surface 22 the most persistently be resisted against on stone material.When needs grind Tool 2 away from stone material time, promote throttle switch 541, make the fluid in oil cylinder 52 be pushed back In fuel tank 51, now drive connecting rod is back shortened by piston rod 521, make grinding tool 2 away from Stone material.
Preferably, mill arm 1 is provided with distance-sensor, this distance-sensor and compensation device Being connected, distance-sensor coordinates corresponding control circuit can record between grinding tool 2 and stone material Gap, thus reminding people is that grinding tool 2 converts setting angle or the grinding tool more renewed.
In the present embodiment, the structure said before is all with single mill arm, stone material to be carried out single track to beat The narration launched based on mill, but structure mentioned above can also form a polishing and produce Stone material is polished by line, i.e. multiple tracks mill arm successively.Stone material is polished with single by multiple tracks mill arm successively The difference that stone material single track is polished by mill arm is: be provided with two or two on the first pedestal 31 Above mill arm 1.
Concrete, the shape of each mill arm 1, size are all consistent, and each mill arm 1 sets respectively It is equipped with on the slide block suitable with transverse translation track 311, and each mill arm 1 correspondence respectively to set Being equipped with grinding tool 2, the quantity of mill arm 1 is consistent with the quantity of grinding tool 2, but each grinding tool 2 Hardness is the most different.Compensation device, and each mill arm it is respectively arranged with on each mill arm 1 1 is arranged on the first pedestal 31 in an orderly manner, and each mill arm 1 is by transverse translation track 311 The realization that cooperates with slide block slides laterally.Each grinding tool 2 with stone material for coordinate near to far Arrange and be respectively arranged on the mill arm of correspondence from low to high by the hardness of each grinding tool 2, with Grinding tool close to stone material is grinding tool one, and corresponding grinding tool one corresponding mill arm one, in this way with this Analogize.
In the present invention, each grinding tool 2 is realized in order to the stone rotated by polishing production line Material is polished successively, and the axis of each grinding tool 2 is each parallel to the rotation axis of stone material, Now the mill of each on the first pedestal 31 arm 1 is all sliding to right-hand member along the left end of the first pedestal 31 Dynamic.Wherein, before the connected mode between each mill arm 1 and corresponding grinding tool 2 can use Mentioned connected mode;Each mill arm 1 is respectively arranged in the side on transverse translation track 311 Formula can use mounting means mentioned above;Simultaneously according to the position at the corresponding stone material place of grinding tool 2 Put optional suitable compensation device.
Further, as it is shown in figure 1, as a example by grinding tool connector is for connecting rod 1, polishing The bruting process of production line is: on the first pedestal 31 each mill arm 1 all from left end to right-hand member Slowly slide, stone clamp is folded with stone material and the drive stone material that cooperates rotates, when mill arm One when stone material, and now the polishing side of the buffed surface 22 of grinding tool one is resisted against the left end of stone material Go up and enable the polishing side of buffed surface 22 that stone material to be polished by the rotation of stone material, when When producing gap between polishing side and the stone material of buffed surface 22 because of abrasion, compensation device starts, At this as a example by mechanical compensating mechanism, the most each mill arm is divided into mill arm and lower mill arm, machine Screw mandrel in tool compensation device drives upper mill arm one near stone material, makes buffed surface in order to eliminate gap The polishing side of 22 continues against stone material.After grinding tool one runs to the right part of stone material, complete Polishing to stone material, the screw mandrel in mechanical compensating mechanism moves, subsequently along the direction away from stone material Mill arm two slides into the left end near stone material, and the polishing side of the buffed surface 22 of grinding tool two is supported simultaneously Being against on the left end of stone material, grinding tool two carries out the polishing of second to stone material, when second is polished The polishing in the 3rd road is carried out again after completing.Wherein, grinding tool quantity, carry out a few road polishing can root The situation of border processing selects factually, and uses which kind of compensation device can process according to reality Situation selects.
Embodiment two
As a example by disk grinding tool conventional on existing polisher, for convenience of describing with shown in Fig. 5 Orientation is reference direction, as it is shown in figure 5, workbench includes column and the second pedestal 32, vertical Post and the second pedestal 32 are perpendicular, and column has left column 331 and right column 332, Zuo Li Being respectively arranged with translation track on post 331 and right column 332, this translation track is vertical translation Track;Second pedestal 32 is mutually perpendicular to left column 331 and right column 332 respectively, Zuo Li Post 331 is arranged at the left end of the second pedestal 32, and right column 332 is arranged at the second pedestal 32 Right-hand member, is provided with mill arm 6 between left column 331 and right column 332, mill arm 6 is parallel to the Two pedestals 32, and the two ends of mill arm 6 can respectively along corresponding vertical translation track lifting, Mill arm 6 is pivotally linked together with grinding tool 2 by a grinding tool connector.Wherein, Mill arm 6 grinds arm and transverse translation rail with the connected mode of vertical translation track in embodiment one The connected mode in road is identical, the most reinflated narration.Preferably, left column 331 and the right side are stood Being reinforced by a crossbeam between post 332, crossbeam is mutual with left and right column 331,332 Vertically, crossbeam is positioned at the upside of mill arm 6.Wherein, stone clamp uses stone as shown in Figure 5 Material fixture, the stone clamp of this kind of structure is the stone clamp that existing polishing field is common.
Connection that is concrete, that mention in the structure of grinding tool connector and embodiment one in the present embodiment The structure of bar 1 or connecting rod 2 42 is identical, and in the present embodiment connecting rod 1 or The mounting means of connecting rod 2 42 also with connecting rod one in embodiment one or the installation of connecting rod two Mode is identical, the most reinflated narration.In the present embodiment as a example by connecting rod 2 42, Mill arm 6 is linked together by connecting rod 2 42 with grinding tool 2, now the installation of connecting rod 2 42 Direction is different from the installation direction of connecting rod 2 42 in embodiment one, connecting rod in the present embodiment 2 42 are installed on mill arm 6 vertically.In the present embodiment, according to connecting rod 1, Then connecting rod 1 installation direction is identical with the installation direction of connecting rod 1 in embodiment one.
Further, can arrange compensation device on mill arm 6 makes grinding tool 2 along the direction near stone material Mobile.
Concrete, compensation device can use the mechanical compensating mechanism of routine or common compensation hydraulic Device, as a example by mechanical compensating mechanism, grinding tool connector uses connecting rod 1, such as Fig. 5 Shown in, for convenience of describing with the orientation shown in Fig. 5 as reference direction, mill arm 6 is divided into mill arm 61 and lower mill arm 62, the position of the most corresponding vertical translation track in the two ends of upper mill arm 61 is arranged There is slide block, cooperated with corresponding vertical translation track realization lifting by slide block.Further, Upper mill arm 61 and lower mill arm 62 are entered by slide rail and the slide block suitable with slide rail being respectively provided with Row is connected together, and the junction of this guide rail and slide block is T font, the i.e. upper downside grinding arm 61 Face is provided with by front side to the T font slide rail of rear direction, and the upper side of lower mill arm 62 is corresponding The position of slide rail is provided with T font slide block, both can be mutually clamped make mill arm 61 with under Mill arm 62 links together, and lower mill arm 61 can carry out slide anteroposterior by relatively upper mill arm 62. Can realize down grinding arm 62 by mechanical compensating mechanism action to move along the direction near stone material.Its In, the automatic lifting of upper mill arm 61 can use and realize the knot that mill arm is laterally movable in embodiment one Structure;The structure of mechanical compensating mechanism can use the knot that in embodiment one, mechanical compensating mechanism is used Structure.
Embodiment four
In the present embodiment, reversing frame is installed on mill arm 1 removably, specifically, Various dismountable securing member can be used between the two to be fixedly connected.On reversing frame the most right Should be provided with the grinding tool of multiple different hardness, each grinding tool arranges in an orderly manner.The shape of reversing frame Quantity according to grinding tool selects, and such as four directions reversing frame, hexagonal reversing frame and disc type are returned Pivoted frame.
When a certain grinding tool 2 excessive wear, (or unclamping) securing member can be pulled down by reversing frame phase Mill arm 1 is rotated an angle, stone material is polished by another grinding tool alignment stone material.
In the present invention, the shape of described grinding tool can be square, polygon or circle.Further, It is fixedly installed on mill arm by grinding tool, only carries out beating to stone material by the polishing side of its buffed surface The mode of mill makes the overall structure of polisher the most simpler, to polisher Rigorous also straight line reduces, and the production cost that therefore polisher is overall also decreases.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, all with scope of the invention as claimed The impartial change done and modification, all should belong to scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (10)

1. a polisher for grinding tool orientation polishing, including mill arm, grinding tool and workbench, institute Stating the stone clamp being provided with on workbench for clamping stone material, described stone clamp drives described Stone material rotates, and described mill arm is slideably positioned on described workbench, it is characterised in that: described mill The glide direction of arm is parallel to the rotation axis of described stone material, and described grinding tool is installed on described mill arm On.
The polisher of grinding tool the most according to claim 1 orientation polishing, it is characterised in that: It is connected to removably by a grinding tool connector between described grinding tool and described mill arm Together, described grinding tool continues against described stone material in the face of the corresponding side of described stone material;Described grinding tool Connector includes connecting rod, and the most corresponding and described grinding tool and described mill are distinguished in the two ends of described connecting rod Arm is threaded;Or one end of described connecting rod is fixed on described grinding tool or described mill arm, The other end of described connecting rod is threadeded with described mill arm or described grinding tool;Or described connection Threadeding with described mill arm in one end of bar, the other end of described connecting rod is provided with clamping part, Described grinding tool is located in described clamping part.
The polisher of grinding tool the most according to claim 1 orientation polishing, it is characterised in that: Also include that compensation device, described compensation device are connected on described mill arm, described compensation device band Dynamic described grinding tool continues against described stone material.
The polisher of grinding tool the most according to claim 1 orientation polishing, it is characterised in that: It is provided with translation track on described workbench, described mill arm is provided with and described translation track phase The slide block coordinated;Or the both sides of described workbench are respectively arranged with slide block, right on described mill arm The position answering described slide block is respectively arranged with translation track.
The polisher of grinding tool the most according to claim 1 orientation polishing, it is characterised in that: Also include that reversing frame, described reversing frame are installed on described mill arm removably, at least The described grinding tool of two different hardness is installed on described reversing frame, and each described grinding tool uniformly has Sequence it is distributed on described reversing frame;Between described reversing frame and described mill arm by a grinding tool even Fitting links together removably, and described grinding tool connector includes connecting rod, described The two ends of connecting rod corresponding and described mill arm or described reversing frame respectively are threadeded.
The polisher of grinding tool the most according to claim 5 orientation polishing, it is characterised in that: Each described grinding tool is arranged at removably by a corresponding grinding tool connector respectively On the relevant position of described reversing frame, described grinding tool connector includes the connecting rod of at least two, One end of every described connecting rod is individually fixed on described reversing frame or described grinding tool, every institute State the other end and corresponding described grinding tool or the relevant position screw thread of described reversing frame of connecting rod Connect.
7. the polishing production line of grinding tool orientation polishing, it is characterised in that: include workbench, At least two mill arm and the grinding tool the most corresponding with mill arm each described, each described grinding tool has Having different hardness, each described mill arm is all slideably positioned on described workbench, each described Grinding tool is installed on the described mill arm of correspondence, and each described grinding tool is in the face of the corresponding side of stone material respectively It is resisted against successively on described stone material.
The polishing production line of grinding tool the most according to claim 7 orientation polishing, its feature Be: on described workbench, be provided with translation track, each described mill arm is respectively arranged with The slide block that described translation track matches;Or the both sides of described workbench are respectively arranged with cunning Block, on each described mill arm, the position of corresponding described slide block is respectively arranged with translation track.
The polishing production line of grinding tool the most according to claim 7 orientation polishing, its feature It is: by grinding tool connector with removable between each described grinding tool and corresponding described mill arm The mode unloaded links together;Described grinding tool connector includes and described grinding tool, described mill arm pair The connecting rod answered, the two ends of every described connecting rod respectively with corresponding described mill arm and described mill Have threaded;Or one end of every described connecting rod is individually fixed in the described grinding tool of correspondence Or on described mill arm, the other end of every described connecting rod and corresponding described mill arm or described mill Have threaded;Or one end of every described connecting rod respectively with corresponding described mill arm screw thread Connecting, the other end of every described connecting rod offers clamping part respectively, described grinding tool is respectively It is located in the described clamping part of correspondence.
The polishing production line of grinding tool the most according to claim 7 orientation polishing, its feature Being: also include the pressure compensator of at least two, each described pressure compensator is respectively Be arranged on corresponding described mill arm, described pressure compensator drive described grinding tool continue against Described stone material.
CN201610541546.7A 2016-07-11 2016-07-11 Grinding machine with grinding tool capable of directional grinding and grinding production line Pending CN106002563A (en)

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CN101541473A (en) * 2007-02-28 2009-09-23 埃尔温容克尔机械制造有限公司 Method for grinding a machine part, and grinding machine for carrying out said method
CN202640044U (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-01-02 中粮包装(天津)有限公司 Rubber roller polishing apparatus
CN203092262U (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-07-31 山西北方风雷工业集团有限公司 Drill collar polisher
CN103358196A (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-23 昆山诺丹舜蒲胶辊有限公司 Curve grinder
CN103801997A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-05-21 余姚市电波机械有限公司 Shaft grinding process and equipment
CN203650146U (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-06-18 佛山运城压纹制版有限公司 Roller grinding device
CN205888824U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-01-18 泉州市佳能机械制造有限公司 Polisher that grinding apparatus orientation was polished, production line of polishing

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101541473A (en) * 2007-02-28 2009-09-23 埃尔温容克尔机械制造有限公司 Method for grinding a machine part, and grinding machine for carrying out said method
CN103358196A (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-23 昆山诺丹舜蒲胶辊有限公司 Curve grinder
CN202640044U (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-01-02 中粮包装(天津)有限公司 Rubber roller polishing apparatus
CN203092262U (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-07-31 山西北方风雷工业集团有限公司 Drill collar polisher
CN203650146U (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-06-18 佛山运城压纹制版有限公司 Roller grinding device
CN103801997A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-05-21 余姚市电波机械有限公司 Shaft grinding process and equipment
CN205888824U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-01-18 泉州市佳能机械制造有限公司 Polisher that grinding apparatus orientation was polished, production line of polishing

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