CN106001918A - Cutting torch for laser cutting - Google Patents

Cutting torch for laser cutting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106001918A
CN106001918A CN201610493960.5A CN201610493960A CN106001918A CN 106001918 A CN106001918 A CN 106001918A CN 201610493960 A CN201610493960 A CN 201610493960A CN 106001918 A CN106001918 A CN 106001918A
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China
Prior art keywords
side
mounted
mirror
connected
oxygen
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610493960.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
连运涛
李宏领
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禹州市神运机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201610493960.5A priority Critical patent/CN106001918A/en
Publication of CN106001918A publication Critical patent/CN106001918A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/02Positioning or observing the workpiece, e.g. with respect to the point of impact; Aligning, aiming or focusing the laser beam
    • B23K26/06Shaping the laser beam, e.g. by masks or multi-focusing
    • B23K26/064Shaping the laser beam, e.g. by masks or multi-focusing by means of optical elements, e.g. lenses, mirrors or prisms
    • B23K26/0648Shaping the laser beam, e.g. by masks or multi-focusing by means of optical elements, e.g. lenses, mirrors or prisms comprising lenses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/14Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring using a fluid stream, e.g. a jet of gas, in conjunction with the laser beam; Nozzles therefor
    • B23K26/142Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring using a fluid stream, e.g. a jet of gas, in conjunction with the laser beam; Nozzles therefor for the removal of by-products
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/14Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring using a fluid stream, e.g. a jet of gas, in conjunction with the laser beam; Nozzles therefor
    • B23K26/1435Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring using a fluid stream, e.g. a jet of gas, in conjunction with the laser beam; Nozzles therefor involving specially adapted flow control means
    • B23K26/1436Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring using a fluid stream, e.g. a jet of gas, in conjunction with the laser beam; Nozzles therefor involving specially adapted flow control means for pressure control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment
    • B23K26/703Cooling arrangements

Abstract

The invention provides a cutting torch for laser cutting. The cutting torch comprises a workpiece, wherein the workpiece is arranged on one side of a cutting nozzle; the cutting nozzle is mounted on one side of an oxygen inlet pipe; the oxygen inlet pipe is mounted on one side of an oxygen pressure gauge; the oxygen inlet pipe and the oxygen pressure gauge are connected; a lens cooling water jacket is mounted on one side of the oxygen pressure gauge; a focusing lens is mounted on one side of the lens cooling water jacket; a reflecting mirror is mounted inside a device; a reflecting mirror cooling water jacket is mounted on one side of the reflecting mirror; the reflecting mirror cooling water jacket and the reflecting mirror are connected; laser beams are transmitted through the reflecting mirror; a servo motor is mounted on one side of the reflecting mirror; a ball screw is mounted on one side of the servo motor, and transversely penetrates through the interior of the servo motor; a position sensor is arranged at one end of the ball screw; an amplification control and driving motor is arranged on one sides of the ball screw and the servo motor; and the ball screw and the servo motor are connected through the amplification control and driving motor.

Description

一种激光切割用割炬 A laser cutting torch

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种切割用割炬,特别涉及一种激光切割用割炬,属于激光切割技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a cutting torch, more particularly to a laser cutting torch, laser cutting technical field belongs. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 割炬的作用是使氧与乙炔按比例进行混合,形成预热火焰,并将高压纯氧喷射到被切割的工件上,使被切割金属在氧射流中燃烧,氧射流并把燃烧生成的熔(氧化物)吹走而形成割缝。 [0002] The torch is the role of oxygen and acetylene mixed in proportions to form a preheat flame, and spraying high-pressure pure oxygen to the workpiece to be cut, is cut so that the metal combustion in an oxygen jet, the oxygen jet and the combustion resulting melt (oxide) is formed slotted blown off.

[0003] 常用的激光切割用割炬存在结构复杂,使用不方便,切割时不能有效的调节割炬的焦距等问题,因此这样的激光切割机器设备具有使用时不够灵活,不够方便等缺点。 [0003] The conventional laser cutting torch there is a complex structure, inconvenient to use, can not effectively adjust the focal length of the cutting torch and so on, thus such laser cutting machinery having flexible enough to use, not convenient enough shortcomings. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是克服现有的缺陷,提供一种激光切割用割炬,能够调节割炬的焦距且使用方便工作效率高,可以有效解决背景技术中的问题。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem to overcome the existing deficiencies, there is provided a laser cutting torch, the torch is possible to adjust the focus of the high working efficiency and easy to use, can effectively solve the problems of the background art.

[0005] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了如下的技术方案:本发明提供了一种激光切割用割炬,包括工件、所述工件安置在切割喷嘴的一侧;所述切割喷嘴安装在氧气进气管的一侧;所述氧气进气管安装在氧气压力表的一侧,并且两者相连接;所述透镜冷却水套安装在氧气压力表的一侧;所述聚焦透镜安装在透镜冷却水套一侧;所述反射镜安装在设备内部;所述反射镜冷却水套安装在反射镜的一侧并且两者相连接;所述激光束通过反射镜传递;所述伺服电动机安装在反射镜的一侧;所述滚珠丝杠安装在伺服电动机的一侧,并且横穿伺服电动机的内部;所述滚珠丝杠的一段设置位置传感器;所述滚珠丝杠和伺服电动机的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机,并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机相连接。 [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides the following technical solution: The present invention provides a laser cutting torch, includes a workpiece, the workpiece is disposed at a side of the cutting nozzle; cutting nozzle installed in the oxygen intake pipe side; said oxygen inlet tube mounted on one side of the gauge of oxygen, and both are connected; said lens mounted at one side of a cooling water jacket oxygen gauge; a focusing lens mounted on the lens cooling side water jacket; mirror mounted inside the apparatus; cooling water jacket of the mirror mounted on one side of the mirror and connected to both; the laser beam passing through the mirror; said servo motor is mounted on the reflector a side mirror; mounted on one side of the ball screw servo motor, the servo motor and the traverse; section of the ball screw position sensor is provided; and one side of the ball screw with a servo motor amplification control and drive the motor, and is connected to both the control and amplified by the drive motor.

[0006] 作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述氧气进气管安装在氧气压力表的一侧,并且两者相连接。 [0006] As a preferred aspect of the present invention, said oxygen inlet tube mounted on one side of the gauge of oxygen, and both are connected.

[0007] 作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述反射镜冷却水套安装在反射镜的一侧并且两者相连接。 [0007] As a preferred aspect of the present invention, a cooling water jacket of the mirror mounted on one side of the mirror and connected to both.

[0008] 作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述激光束通过反射镜传递。 [0008] As a preferred aspect of the present invention, the laser beam passing through the mirror.

[0009] 作为本发明的一种优选技术方案,所述滚珠丝杜和伺服电动机的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机,并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机相连接。 [0009] As a preferred aspect of the present invention, and a side of the ball Si Du servo motor control and is provided with a zoom drive motor, and both are connected by the drive motor and the amplification control.

[0010] 与现有技术相比本发明所达到的有益效果是:1、 本发明结构简单、使用方便;2、 本发明能够方便的调节割炬的焦距3、 本发明可以有效的保证金属蒸汽和切割金属飞溅不会损伤反射镜;4、 本发明造价便宜且适合推广使用。 [0010] The present invention is achieved as compared to the prior art are advantageous effects: 1, the present invention is simple in structure, easy to use; 2, the present invention can easily adjust the focal length of the torch 3, the present invention can effectively ensure the metal vapor and not damage the cutting splatter mirror; 4, are cheap and suitable for the present invention is widely used. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011]附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,并且构成说明书的一部分,与本发明的实施例一起用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的限制。 [0011] The accompanying drawings provide a further understanding of the present invention, and constitute part of this specification, the embodiments of the invention, serve to explain the invention, not to limit the present invention. [〇〇12] 在附图中:图1是本发明实施例所述的一种激光切割用割炬的结构示意图;图中标号:1、工件;2、切割喷嘴;3、氧气进气管;4、氧气压力表;5、透镜冷却水套;6、聚焦透镜;7、激光束;8、反射镜冷却水套;9、反射镜;10、伺服电动机;11、滚珠丝杠;22、放大控制及驱动电机;13、位置传感器。 [〇〇12] In the drawings: FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a laser embodiment of the structure of a cutting torch embodiment of the present invention; FIG numeral: 1, the workpiece; 2, the cutting nozzle; 3, oxygen intake pipe; 4, an oxygen pressure gauge; 5, the lens cooling water jacket; 6, a focusing lens; 7, the laser beam; 8, a mirror cooling water jacket; 9, a mirror; 10, servo motor; 11, a ball screw; 22, amplified and controlling the driving motor; 13, the position sensor. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 以下结合附图对本发明的优选实施例进行说明,应当理解,此处所描述的优选实施例仅用于说明和解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 [0013] Hereinafter, the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it should be understood that the preferred embodiments described herein are only used to illustrate and explain the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0014] 实施例:如图所示,本发明一种激光切割用割炬,包括工件1、所述工件1安置在切割喷嘴2的一侧;所述切割喷嘴2安装在氧气进气管3的一侧;所述氧气进气管3安装在氧气压力表4的一侧,并且两者相连接;所述透镜冷却水套5安装在氧气压力表4的一侧;所述聚焦透镜6安装在透镜冷却水套5—侧;所述反射镜9安装在设备内部;所述反射镜冷却水套8 安装在反射镜9的一侧并且两者相连接;所述激光束7通过反射镜9传递;所述伺服电动机10 安装在反射镜9的一侧;所述滚珠丝杜11安装在伺服电动机10的一侧,并且横穿伺服电动机(10)的内部;所述滚珠丝杠11的一段设置位置传感器13;所述滚珠丝杠11和伺服电动机10 的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机12,并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机12相连接。 [0014] Example: As shown, the present invention provides a laser cutting torch, comprising a workpiece 1, the workpiece 1 is disposed at a side of the cutting nozzle 2; the oxygen cutting nozzle 2 is mounted in the intake pipe 3 side; the oxygen intake pipe 3 mounted on one side of an oxygen pressure gauge 4, and both are connected; said lens cooling water jacket 5 is mounted on one side of the pressure gauge 4 is oxygen; the focusing lens 6 mounted on the lens 5- cooling water jacket side; the reflecting mirror 9 is mounted in the interior of the device; a cooling water jacket of the mirror mounted on one side the mirror 8 and 9 both connected; 7 the laser beam transmitted through the mirror 9; the servo motor 10 mounted on one side of the mirror 9; Si Du the ball 11 mounted at one side of the servo motor 10, and the traverse servo motor interior (10); a position of the section of the ball screw 11 disposed sensor 13; and the side of the ball screw 11 is provided with a servo motor 10 and drive motor 12 amplification control, and both are connected by 12 amplification control and drive the motor.

[0015] 为了使工作时更易观察氧气状态,所述氧气进气管3安装在氧气压力4表的一侧, 并且两者相连接。 [0015] For easier observation of the working state of oxygen, said oxygen inlet tube 3 mounted on one side of the oxygen pressure in Table 4, and the two are connected.

[0016] 为了有效的保证金属蒸汽和切割金属飞溅不会损伤反射镜,所述反射镜冷却水套8安装在反射镜9的一侧并且两者相连接。 [0016] In order to ensure effective cutting splatter metal vapor and the mirror will not damage, the mirror 8 is mounted a cooling water jacket on one side of the mirror 9 and is connected to both.

[0017] 为了使该仪器在工作时结构稳定,所述激光束7通过反射镜9传递。 [0017] In order to make the instrument is in operation in a stable structure, the laser beam 7 is transmitted through the mirror 9.

[0018] 为了使该装置能够有效的工作,所述滚珠丝杠11和伺服电动机10的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机12,并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机12相连接。 [0018] In order for the device to work effectively, the ball screw 11 and one side of the servo motor 10 is provided with a drive motor and the amplification control 12, 12 and the two are connected by the drive motor and the amplification control.

[0019] 本发明所述氧气进气管3安装在氧气压力4表的一侧,并且两者相连接,这样是为了工作时更易观察氧气状态;所述反射镜冷却水套8安装在反射镜9的一侧并且两者相连接,可以有效的保证金属蒸汽和切割金属飞溅不会损伤反射镜;所述激光束7通过反射镜9 传递,可使该仪器在工作时结构稳定;所述滚珠丝杠11和伺服电动机10的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机12,并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机12相连接,可使该装置能够有效的工作。 [0019] The present invention is the oxygen intake pipe 3 mounted on one side of the oxygen pressure in Table 4, and the two are connected so that the oxygen in order to more easily observe the work state; the mirror 8 is mounted a cooling water jacket of the mirror 9 and both are connected to the side, can effectively guarantee the cutting of the metal vapor and the mirror will not damage splatter; 7 the laser beam passing through the mirror 9, the apparatus can work in a stable structure; said ball screw the side bars 11 and provided with a servo motor 10 and drive motor 12 amplification control, and both are connected by 12 amplification control and drive the motor, enable the device to work effectively.

[0020] 最后应说明的是:以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明, 尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换。 [0020] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not intended to limit the present invention. Although the detailed description of the embodiments, those skilled in the art that aspect, each of which can still be described embodiments of the foregoing embodiment may be modified, or some technical features equivalents. 凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 Any modification within the spirit and principle of the present invention, made, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1.一种激光切割用割炬,其特征在于:包括工件(1)、所述工件(1)安置在切割喷嘴(2) 的一侧;所述切割喷嘴(2)安装在氧气进气管(3)的一侧;所述氧气进气管(3)安装在氧气压力表(4)的一侧,并且两者相连接;所述透镜冷却水套(5)安装在氧气压力表(4)的一侧;所述聚焦透镜(6)安装在透镜冷却水套(5)—侧;所述反射镜(9)安装在设备内部;所述反射镜冷却水套(8)安装在反射镜(9)的一侧并且两者相连接;所述激光束(7)通过反射镜(9)传递;所述伺服电动机(10)安装在反射镜(9)的一侧;所述滚珠丝杠(11)安装在伺服电动机(10)的一侧,并且横穿伺服电动机(10)的内部;所述滚珠丝杆(11)的一段设置位置传感器(13);所述滚珠丝杠(11)和伺服电动机(10)的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机(12),并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机(12)相连接。 A laser cutting torch, wherein: a side of the workpiece (1), the workpiece (1) disposed in the cutting nozzle (2); said cutting nozzle (2) mounted in an intake pipe of oxygen ( 3 side); and the oxygen inlet pipe (3) is mounted on one side of an oxygen gauge (4), and both are connected; said lens cooling water jacket (5) is mounted on an oxygen gauge (4) side; the focusing lens (6) mounted on the lens cooling water jacket (5) - side; said mirror (9) mounted inside the device; a cooling water jacket of the mirror (8) is mounted in the mirror (9 ) and both are connected to one side; the laser beam (7) transmitted through the mirror (9); said servo motor (10) mounted on one side the mirror (9); said ball screw (11 ) mounted on one side of the servo motor (10), and traverses the servo motor (10); said ball screw (11) section of the installation position of the sensor (13); a screw (11) and the servo side of the motor (10) is provided with a zoom control and a drive motor (12), and both are connected by amplifying and controlling the drive motor (12).
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种激光切割用割炬,其特征在于:所述氧气进气管(3)安装在氧气压力(4)表的一侧,并且两者相连接。 A laser according to claim 1, wherein said cutting torch, characterized in that: said oxygen inlet pipe (3) is mounted on one side of the oxygen pressure (4) of the table, and the two are connected.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种激光切割用割炬,其特征在于:所述反射镜冷却水套(8) 安装在反射镜(9 )的一侧并且两者相连接。 3. A laser according to claim 1 with a cutting torch, characterized in that: said reflector cooling water jacket (8) mounted on one side the mirror (9) and is connected to both.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种激光切割用割炬,其特征在于:所述激光束(7)通过反射镜(9)传递。 Cutting torch 4. A laser according to claim 1, wherein: the laser beam (7) transmitted through the mirror (9).
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种激光切割用割炬,其特征在于:所述滚珠丝杠(11)和伺服电动机(10)的一侧设置有放大控制及驱动电机(12),并且两者通过放大控制及驱动电机(12)相连接。 A laser according to claim 1, wherein said cutting torch, characterized in that: said screw (11) and a servomotor (10) is provided with an enlarged side control and a drive motor (12), and both are connected by amplifying and controlling the drive motor (12).
CN201610493960.5A 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 Cutting torch for laser cutting CN106001918A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5928575A (en) * 1996-04-19 1999-07-27 Q2100, Inc. Methods for eyeglass lens curing using ultraviolet light
CN102145412A (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-08-10 湖南泰嘉新材料科技股份有限公司 Grinding-free method for forming double-metal band sawtooth at one time through laser cutting
CN103394811A (en) * 2013-08-21 2013-11-20 昆山远大精工机械有限公司 Cutting torch for laser cutting
CN203557012U (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-04-23 昆山远大精工机械有限公司 Cutting torch used for laser cutting

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5928575A (en) * 1996-04-19 1999-07-27 Q2100, Inc. Methods for eyeglass lens curing using ultraviolet light
CN102145412A (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-08-10 湖南泰嘉新材料科技股份有限公司 Grinding-free method for forming double-metal band sawtooth at one time through laser cutting
CN103394811A (en) * 2013-08-21 2013-11-20 昆山远大精工机械有限公司 Cutting torch for laser cutting
CN203557012U (en) * 2013-08-21 2014-04-23 昆山远大精工机械有限公司 Cutting torch used for laser cutting

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