Burr removal device
The present invention relates to field of machining, especially relate to a kind of burr removal device.
Brake disc is the important component part in brake system of car; at brake disc generally by being stamped and formed out; so; its surface or corner are readily formed burr; the existence of these burrs makes the surface of brake disc become rough; when applying in equipment, equipment often cause scuffing etc. damage.Therefore, after brake disc punching press completes, it is required to the burr on its surface is cleared up.Traditional cleaning is usually manual operation, takes time and effort, and cleaning speed is slow.And owing to workpiece is the least, the most easily clear up the most thorough when manually clearing up.Further, manual operation is also difficult to meet the cleaning of large batch of workpiece.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of working (machining) efficiency is high, conforming product rate high, burr waste material can be collected automatically, workpiece is difficult to the burr removal device that scratches.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: a kind of burr removal device, including punching module, drive module, control module, described punching module include horizontal top, for workpiece is carried out deburring operation operate pawl, for drive operate pawl knee-action the first actuator, be positioned at the operating board below horizontal top, can left and right action pressing block, for driving the second actuator and the rotating shaft of the action of pressing block left and right；Described horizontal top is fixed on operating board upper surface by connecting post, described operation pawl include the transition post on top, at least four pawl bar, can knee-action control claw bar deciliter coordinate ring and for driving the auxiliary actuator of this cooperation ring knee-action, described pawl bar is along the outer circumference of this transition post uniformly at intervals, and pawl bar upper end is all fixed on transition post, described pawl bar lower end can freely swing under the action coordinating ring and then disperses or close；Described pawl bar lower end is provided with the conehead for removing surface of the work burr, and described cooperation ring set is located at outside described transition post and pawl bar, and described operating board offers the through hole passed for rotating shaft；Described driving module includes horizonal base plate, the electric rotating machine for drive shaft rotation, the displacement motor for drive shaft knee-action, enclosing outside described electric rotating machine, displacement motor and be provided with motor casing, described roller end is provided with the protuberance for coordinating with workpiece spline；Offer on described operating board for connecing the cannelure drawing the metallic bur power dropped, below this cannelure, be provided with burr collecting means；Described burr collecting means includes collecting box, for positioning the nut of described collecting box, this nut is fixed on rotating shaft, and described collecting box offers the circular groove passed for rotating shaft and for housing the holding tank of nut；Described collecting box top is that opening is arranged, the laminating of this opening and operating board lower surface；Described operating board side is formed with pusher part, and the opposite side being opposite to pusher part is provided with discharge bucket；Described first actuator, the second actuator, electric rotating machine, displacement motor are all connected to control module.The present invention arranges at least four operation pawl, thus has four coneheads workpiece to be carried out deburring operation simultaneously, saves the working time of at least twice, in hgher efficiency, and burr residual is few；When auxiliary actuator moves to bottom, the end that can make each pawl bar is of completely closed, and then encloses the outside being located at workpiece so that all to there being conehead in each orientation of workpiece, is difficult to residual occur during removing flash removed, and burr clearance can improve 40%；Sync rates is high, and workpiece completes to coordinate that ring is immediately upper to be moved simultaneously, unclamps the compression to pawl bar, thus on move past the conehead of journey median claw bar end and surface of the work will not be scratched, improve workpiece percentage of head rice, reduce scrap workpieces rate, save manufacturing cost；Pawl bar two pressing block is arranged on outside operation pawl, operation pawl can be applied pressure so that more fit between operation pawl and workpiece, do not have gap between conehead and workpiece, remove the burr of surface of the work completely, ensure that burr removes qualification rate；By auxiliary actuator and the dual cooperation of pressing block, it is achieved the snug fit between conehead and workpiece on pawl bar, even if when Work piece high-speed rotates, also do not have a gap, limited prevent workpiece from rocking, ensure that burr removes the most quickly；The protuberance of roller end is arranged so that workpiece coordinates with rotating shaft spline, during rotating shaft drives workpiece to rotate, will not slide between the two, improve work efficiency；Cannelure and the setting of collecting means, in frock work process, the burr waste material removed can be collected, remove workman's work periodically to operating board cleaning from, alleviate the work load of workman, and do not have burr waste material to remain on operating board, when workpiece rotates, the burr waste material scratch that its surface will not be rolled between the gap of workpiece and operating board, ensure workpiece integrity；Pusher part is limited to be parallel to the position of workpiece, and it is towards discharge bucket, and after workpiece completes deburring operation, pusher part ejects to workpiece direction, is pushed by workpiece in discharge bucket, completes the automation mechanized operation that workpiece is collected；Displacement motor drive shaft knee-action, can realize the location to workpiece, moves down the location getting final product Rapid reversal for workpiece, facilitates pusher part to release workpiece；Workpiece can be prevented to be pushed out when being not fully complete, rotating shaft only moves down after burr is removed completely and carries out discharging, improves workpiece qualification rate simultaneously.
Further, described collecting box includes that left collecting box and right collecting box, described left collecting box end stretch out formation clamp, and described clamp realizes locking with right collecting box by screw and is connected；Left collecting box and right collecting box removably connect, and when the burr waste material collected in it is more, can be removed by collecting box, can be continuing with after being poured out by the burr waste material that it is interior, cost-effective.
Further, described pressing block is to being arranged in operating board upper surface, and described operation pawl cross section is that circular arc is arranged, and described pressing block is provided with joins the cambered surface being suitable to operate pawl so that operation pawl preferably fits in surface of the work, improves and removes speed.
Further, described first actuator, the second actuator are cylinder.
In sum, present invention have the advantage that easy to operate, use automation mechanized operation, can meet high-volume operation, work efficiency is high；Using dual punching operation, burr is removed the most quickly, and conforming product rate is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial schematic diagram of rotating shaft.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at B.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art be better understood from the present invention program, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete description.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of burr removal device, including punching module, drive module, control module, described punching module includes horizontal top 11, operation pawl, operating board 14, pressing block 15, rotating shaft the 17, first actuator the 13, second actuator 16；Concrete, described operation pawl included crossing post 81, at least four pawl bar 82, coordinating ring 83 and auxiliary actuator of top；Offering in described horizontal top 11 and be available for the through hole that described transition post 81 passes, the end of described pawl bar 82 is connected in described transition post 81, and pawl bar 82 is along this outer circumference of transition post 81 uniformly at intervals；The lower end of pawl bar 82 can freely swing under the action coordinating ring 83 and then disperses or close.When coordinating ring 83 to move down, pawl bar end is the most closed together；When coordinating shifting on ring 83, pawl bar end separates gradually.In the present embodiment, described pawl bar 82 is set to 4, and when coordinating ring 83 to move down into bottom, four pawl bars 82 just constitute the cylinder of a hollow, enclose and be located at outer workpiece.Described transition post 81 is connected with described first actuator 13, drives described transition post 81 to move up and down by the first actuator 13.
Secondly, described cooperation ring 83 is sheathed on described transition post 81 and pawl bar 82 is outside, thus when coordinating ring 83 knee-action, can control claw bar 82 low side deciliter.Described auxiliary actuator is then used for driving this cooperation ring 83 knee-action.In order to be removed the burr of surface of the work, the lower end of described pawl bar 82 connects conehead 3, and the end of this conehead 3 is the sharpest, surface of the work can be carried out scraped finish so that surface of the work becomes smooth.The quantity of conehead 3 is identical with the quantity of pawl bar 82, and this conehead 3 is fixedly connected on pawl bar 82 inner surface.Operating board 14 is positioned at the lower section of horizontal top, and described pressing block 15 is arranged on operating board 14, and its quantity is set to two, the opposed outer fix being arranged on operation pawl 12.When the conehead 3 operated on pawl needs that workpiece is carried out deburring, pressing block 15 can move inward, punching operation pawl 12 so that is difficult to exist gap between conehead 3 and workpiece, and burr clearance is high.As preferably, the cross section of described pawl bar 82 is that circular arc is arranged, and described pressing block 15 is provided with joins the cambered surface being suitable to pawl bar；Make pawl bar preferably fit in surface of the work, improve and remove speed.Described second actuator 16 is used for driving pressing block 15 left and right action on operating board 14.With the present embodiment, first actuator the 13, second actuator 16 is cylinder.Described horizontal top 11 is fixed on operating board 14 upper surface by connecting post 2.
Described driving module includes that horizonal base plate 41, electric rotating machine, displacement motor and motor casing 42, described motor casing 42 enclose and is located at outside electric rotating machine, displacement motor, and motor casing 42 is fixedly connected on horizonal base plate 41.Described electric rotating machine rotates for drive shaft 17, and described displacement motor is used for drive shaft 17 knee-action.Described rotating shaft 17 is extended to operating board by motor casing 42, and this operating board 14 offers the through hole passed for rotating shaft 17.As preferably, described rotating shaft 17 end is provided with the protuberance 171 for coordinating with workpiece spline so that workpiece coordinates with rotating shaft spline, during rotating shaft drives workpiece to rotate, will not slide between the two, improve work efficiency.With the present embodiment, the end of described rotating shaft is formed with a circle extended loop, on the upper surface being arranged on described extended loop at described protuberance 171 interval.When brake disc is placed in rotating shaft, this protuberance 171 just may be inserted in the connecting hole of brake disc, carries out spacing to it.
In operation, except the burr waste material fallen can be accumulated on operating board, during workpiece removes flash removed, easily workpiece is caused scuffing.It is thus typically necessary to regularly the burr waste material on operating board is cleared up.So, we have offered a cannelure 141 on described operating board 14, and this cannelure 141 can be used for connecing and draws the metallic bur power dropped；The lower section of this cannelure 141 is provided with burr collecting means.Concrete, described burr collecting means includes collecting box 51, for positioning the nut 52 of described collecting box, this nut 52 is fixed on rotating shaft 17, and described collecting box 51 offers the circular groove passed for rotating shaft 17 and for housing the holding tank 511 of nut 52.The top of described collecting box is that opening is arranged, when collecting box is placed in rotating shaft, the opening of collecting box fits with operating board 14 lower surface, the most there is not gap, and cannelure and this opening in communication, the burr waste material dropped on cannelure can being directly entered in collecting box 51, can't spill because there is gap.As preferably, collecting box 51 can be set to Split type structure, described collecting box 51 includes that left collecting box 512 and right collecting box 513, described left collecting box end stretch out formation clamp, and described clamp realizes locking with right collecting box 513 by screw 9 and is connected.When the burr waste material collected in collecting box 51 is more, collecting box can be removed, can be continuing with after the burr waste material that it is interior is poured out, cost-effective.
Described operating board side is formed with pusher part 6, and the opposite side being opposite to pusher part 6 is provided with discharge bucket 7；Pusher part 6 is arranged on the position being parallel to workpiece, and it is towards discharge bucket, and after workpiece completes deburring operation, pusher part can eject to workpiece direction, is pushed by workpiece in discharge bucket, completes the automation mechanized operation that workpiece is collected.Described first actuator the 13, second actuator 16, electric rotating machine, displacement motor are all connected to control module, are controlled each parts by control module, it is achieved automation mechanized operation.
Operation principle is as follows: workpiece to be de-burred is placed on operating board 14, and now control module sends signal so that move in displacement motor drive shaft, and workpiece is positioned in inserting workpiece by roller end；Control module sends signal afterwards so that the first actuator drives operation pawl to move down, and the second actuator drives pressing block 15 to move inward, workpiece pressing；Then control module sends signal so that electric rotating machine drive shaft rotarily drives workpiece and rotates, and the burr of surface of the work is removed by conehead；After removal completes, control module controls rotating shaft and moves down, and operation pawl moves, and pressing block 15 is displaced outwardly；Now workpiece is placed on operating board 14, controls pusher part 6 and ejects, is pushed by workpiece in discharge bucket, in landing to outside Material collecting box for harvesting.
Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, all should belong to the scope of protection of the invention.