CN105976041A - Urban intelligent parking reserving system and method based on Internet of vehicles - Google Patents

Urban intelligent parking reserving system and method based on Internet of vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105976041A
CN105976041A CN201610322447.XA CN201610322447A CN105976041A CN 105976041 A CN105976041 A CN 105976041A CN 201610322447 A CN201610322447 A CN 201610322447A CN 105976041 A CN105976041 A CN 105976041A
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China
Prior art keywords
parking
described
vehicle
user
information
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CN201610322447.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余成波
孙梦娜
李彩虹
田桐
罗培根
余奕佳
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重庆理工大学
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Priority to CN201610322447.XA priority Critical patent/CN105976041A/en
Publication of CN105976041A publication Critical patent/CN105976041A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/02Reservations, e.g. for tickets, services or events
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/02Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses an urban intelligent parking reserving system and method based on the Internet of vehicles, and the system comprises a parking space reserving unit, a parking resource management unit, an intelligent navigation unit, a vehicle information collection unit, an intelligent control unit, and a charge management unit. After a user serves a parking space successfully, a corresponding number of parking spaces is kept in the parking lot, and a user's vehicle can be guided to a target parking space. The system judges whether an incoming vehicle or an outgoing vehicle is a reserving vehicle or not through collecting the license plate information of the incoming or outgoing vehicle: distributing the target parking space to the user according to the principle of proximity and automatically completing the charging and permitting if the incoming vehicle is the reserving vehicle, or else, enabling the car owner to autonomously search a parking space, and permitting the car owner to use the parking space after charging. The system provides a parking space reserving function, guarantees that the reserving car owner has a parking space after arrival, brings convenience to a car owner who does not reserve a parking space to autonomously search a parking space, also can help the car owner to quickly find the target parking space, and achieves the quick searching of a car.

Description

City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking and method

Technical field

The invention belongs to parking management system, be specifically related to a kind of city intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking and method.

Background technology

Along with the development of China's intelligent transportation industry, domestic parking service makes great progress.The most intelligentized Vehicle information collection unit has obtained using widely in the China that Che Manwei suffers from especially.Along with information globalization, traditional stops Car service has already fallen behind in informationalized development, will occur meeting the new system and method for people's demand.

Traditional parking service is shutdown system based on sensing radio-frequency card.It is by intelligent card records vehicles while passing information, By toll administration computed in software down time and corresponding expense.Existing shutdown system is primarily present problems with:

(1) car owner arrives and just knows whether there is vacant parking stall at parking lot, driving to parking lot way in easily cause the time and The waste of money, also easily causes blocking up of urban transportation.

(2) car owner often spends the time to find vacant parking stall in parking lot, and this had both wasted the time of car owner, also can upset Parking lot order.

(3) parking lot environment is not known about by car owner, and car owner can be looked for oneself parking stall in of such a size parking lot and cause tired by this Disturb.

Therefore, it is necessary to develop a kind of new city intelligent reservation parking service system and method.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of city intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking and method, parking stall can be carried out pre- Fixed, there is parking stall to stop to guarantee to preengage after car owner arrives, the most also facilitate and do not preengage car owner and independently find parking stall, and can help Car owner is helped to be quickly found out target parking stall and quickly seek car.

City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking of the present invention, including parking stall scheduled unit, parking resource pipe Reason unit, intelligent navigation unit, vehicle information collection unit, intelligent control unit, toll administration unit and intellectual monitoring list Unit;

Described parking stall scheduled unit for user profile registration, revise, inquire about, nullify, and predetermined parking space and parking Time, and generate predetermined order single-shot and give parking resource administrative unit;

Described parking resource administrative unit includes that subscriber information management module, parking space information collection module, sequence information manage mould Block and parking space information management module;

Described subscriber information management module is used for managing user information;

Described parking space information collection module is for gathering the status information of Nei Ge parking stall, parking lot, and is sent to parking space information management Module, the status information of parking stall includes whether parking stall is empty, and the positional information of parking stall;

Described sequence information management module is for described predetermined order and being managed the payout status of this predetermined order;

The parking space state information that described parking space information management module is gathered according to parking space information collection module generates parking space state Data base, and according to predetermined order and status information real-time update this parking space state data base of each parking stall of being gathered, and Issue residue parking space information, control parking lot simultaneously and retain the empty parking space of respective numbers according to predetermined order;

Described intelligent navigation unit includes that outdoor navigation module and indoor navigation module, described outdoor navigation module are used for obtaining use Position, family and according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall by user's automobile navigation to described parking lot;Described Indoor navigation module according to customer location, position, target parking stall by user's automobile navigation to target parking stall;

Described vehicle information collection unit is for gathering the license board information of the vehicle sailing or rolling away from parking lot into and sending to stopping Rm-cell;

Described parking resource administrative unit also includes judge module, and whether this judge module judges this vehicle according to this license board information For preset vehicle, if sailing vehicle into is preset vehicle, then enter from this according to the entry position distribution in user's vehicle entrance parking lot The nearest empty parking space in mouthful position to user, concurrently veer away row instruction and berth lock lock instruction to intelligent control unit, and based on Vehicle sails time transmission beginning charging into and instructs to toll administration unit, after preset vehicle arrives target parking stall, described judgement Module retransmits berth lock and unblanks instruction to intelligent control unit;If outgoing vehicles is preset vehicle, then when rolling away from based on vehicle Between send terminate charging instruct to toll administration unit, and after paying successfully send clearance instruct to intelligent control unit;If Sailing vehicle into is not preset vehicle, it is judged that module sends to let pass and instructs to intelligent control unit, car owner independently look for parking stall, If outgoing vehicles is not preset vehicle, after judge module judges that car owner has completed payment, then send instruction of letting pass to intelligence Control unit;

The clearance instruction that described intelligent control unit is sent based on described parking resource administrative unit controls berth lock and banister Perform operation of letting pass, be simultaneously based on berth lock lock instruction and control berth lock locking, and unblank to instruct control based on berth lock Berth lock is unblanked;

Described toll administration unit sails the time into based on vehicle, vehicle rolls Time Calculation away from and goes out Parking Fee, and completes to stop The payment of expense, and after payment completes, send payment instruction to parking resource administrative unit.

Described parking resource administrative unit also includes pushed information module;

Described pushed information module includes that user is conventional and recommends submodule, distance optimum recommendation submodule, popular parking lot to recommend son Module and periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule;

Described user commonly uses recommendation submodule, and by being analyzed user's general information data in high in the clouds, generation user is conventional to push away Recommend table;

Described distance optimum recommendation submodule is according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, in conjunction with shortest path Principle and real-time road cook up optimal route;

Described popular parking lot recommends submodule to recommend the parking lot having vacant parking stall around the destination selected by user;

Described periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule according to the periphery shop, recommendation parking lot, parking lot selected by user And large-scale activity.

Also including intellectual monitoring unit, this intellectual monitoring unit, for recording video and the sound of running car overall process, passes through Walk while record a video during driving, time, speed and positional information are also recorded in video recording simultaneously.

Described parking stall scheduled unit includes webpage predetermined module and APP predetermined module;

Described webpage predetermined module is carried out the registration of user profile for user by the predetermined webpage in parking stall, is revised, inquires about, notes Pin, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generate predetermined order;

Described APP predetermined module is carried out the registration of user profile for user by the predetermined APP in parking stall, is revised, inquires about, notes Pin, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generate predetermined order.

Described parking resource administrative unit also includes preengaging prompting module, and user sets when preengaging parking stall and preengages the time of advent, And before subscription time arrives, described reservation prompting module sends prompting service to user.

A kind of city intelligent reservation parking method based on car networking of the present invention, uses of the present invention based on car connection The city intelligent reservation shutdown system of net, comprises the following steps:

Step 1, parking resource administrative unit gather, the status information of statistics parking stall, and issue residue parking space information;

Step 2, user pass through the predetermined parking stall of parking stall scheduled unit and down time, and predetermined order single-shot are delivered to parking resource Administrative unit;

Step 3, parking resource administrative unit update parking space state data base according to predetermined order, and control parking lot according to pre- Determine order and retain the empty parking space of respective numbers;

Step 4, vehicle information collection unit collection sail the license board information of vehicle into, and send license board information and sail time letter into Breath is to parking resource administrative unit;

Step 5, parking resource administrative unit judge to sail whether vehicle is preset vehicle into, if sailing vehicle into based on license board information It is preset vehicle, then gives according to the empty parking space that the entry position distribution in user's vehicle entrance parking lot is nearest from this entry position and use Family, the row instruction that concurrently veers away is with berth lock lock instruction to intelligent control unit, and described intelligent control unit controls banister and opens With berth lock locking, after preset vehicle reaches target parking stall, described parking resource administrative unit sends berth lock and unblanks to instruct To intelligent control unit, intelligent control unit controls berth lock unblanks, and parking resource administrative unit updates parking space state data base;

If sailing vehicle into is not preset vehicle, parking resource administrative unit sends to let pass and instructs to intelligent control unit, described intelligence Control unit can control banister unlatching, car owner independently look for parking stall, parking resource administrative unit updates parking space state data base;

Step 6, parking resource administrative unit be based on vehicle sails temporal information into and sends and start charging and instruct to toll administration list Unit, described toll administration unit starts expense;

Step 7, vehicle information collection unit gather the license board information of outgoing vehicles, and send license board information and roll time letter away from Breath is to parking resource administrative unit;

Based on license board information, step 8, parking resource administrative unit judge whether this outgoing vehicles is preset vehicle, the most then Sending end charging to instruct to toll administration unit, described toll administration unit is based on sailing temporal information into, rolling temporal information away from Calculating Parking Fee, and push order payment information to user, described parking resource administrative unit is after order pays successfully Send instruction of letting pass to intelligent control unit;If it is not, the parking that then car owner calculates according to toll administration unit when leaving Expense independently completes payment;

Step 9, intelligent control unit control banister and open, and vehicle rolls garage parking away from, terminates this parking service, described parking Rm-cell updates parking space state data base according to sequence information, and issues up-to-date residue parking space information.

Described step 3 also includes: described outdoor navigation module is used for obtaining customer location, and according to customer location, predetermined car Belonging to position, the position in parking lot is by user's automobile navigation to described parking lot.

Described step 6 also includes: indoor navigation module according to customer location, position, target parking stall by user's automobile navigation to mesh At mark parking stall.

Also include:

Described user commonly uses recommendation submodule, and by being analyzed user's general information data in high in the clouds, generation user is conventional to push away Recommend table;

Described distance optimum recommendation submodule is according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, in conjunction with shortest path Principle and real-time road cook up optimal route;

Described popular parking lot recommends submodule to recommend the parking lot having vacant parking stall around the destination selected by user;

Described periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule according to the periphery shop, recommendation parking lot, parking lot selected by user And large-scale activity.

Also include that described indoor navigation module carries out reverse car seeking according to predetermined parking space information and customer position information.

Intellectual monitoring unit, for recording video and the sound of running car overall process, is walked while record a video, simultaneously during by driving Time, speed and positional information are also recorded in video recording.

The invention have the advantages that

(1) parking stall is reserved before setting out the most in advance, the problem stopped after not worrying arriving at the destination without parking stall;

(2) parking lot is according to the parking stall of reservation parking stall situation reservation respective numbers, parking stall of reallocating after car owner arrives, this The mode of kind can not only guarantee that the user of predetermined parking stall has parking stall to stop after arriving, additionally it is possible to convenient the most pre- The user ordering parking stall looks for parking stall;

(3) user can not only have been saved in road and parking lot car searching position by user's automobile navigation to target parking stall Time, additionally it is possible to effectively maintain parking lot order;

(4) there is reverse car seeking function, it is possible to help car owner to be quickly found out the car of oneself;

(5) each parking fee all automatically confirms that through toll administration unit, adds up and record, it is to avoid operational error or The phenomenon of person's cheating occurs, it is possible to be prevented effectively from capital loss;

(6) using Car license recognition mode, preset vehicle can realize not parking discrepancy parking lot, and non-preset vehicle the most only needs Appear on the scene payment, and without complicated processes such as card taking/tickets, effectively alleviates and blocks up at gateway, parking lot Phenomenon;

(7) push and popular parking stall, parking lot/difficulty parking area parking stall recommendation, navigation way combine shortest path principle and hands in real time The logical optimal vehicle line of information recommendation and periphery shop, parking lot and large-scale activity are recommended, it is achieved that periphery The monitoring of environment, brings great convenience to user's trip;

(8) video and the sound of running car overall process are recorded, it is simple to accident evidence obtaining is used;

In sum, city intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking of the present invention and method, it is possible to carry out parking stall Predetermined, help car owner quickly look for parking stall and quickly seek car, block up in effectively prevent parking lot, improve parking stall and use effect Rate, accelerates Car Turnover, improves parking lot economic benefit, improves customer satisfaction, moulds the good shape in parking lot As.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the flow chart of the present invention;

In figure: 1, parking resource administrative unit, 1a, subscriber information management module, 1b, parking space information collection module, 1c, Sequence information management module, 1d, parking space information management module, 1e, pushed information module, 1f, reservation prompting module, 1g, Judge module, 2, toll administration unit, 3, vehicle information collection unit, 4, parking stall scheduled unit, the pre-cover half of 4a, webpage Block, 4b, APP predetermined module, 5, intelligent control unit, 6, intelligent navigation unit, 6a, outdoor navigation module, 6b, room Interior navigation module, 7, intellectual monitoring unit.

Detailed description of the invention

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

The city intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking of basic invention as shown in Figure 1, including parking stall scheduled unit 4, Parking resource administrative unit 1, intelligent navigation unit 6, vehicle information collection unit 3, intelligent control unit 5, toll administration Unit 2 and intellectual monitoring unit 7.

As it is shown in figure 1, parking stall scheduled unit 4 for user profile registration, revise, inquire about, nullify, and predetermined stop Parking stall and down time, and generate predetermined order single-shot and give parking resource administrative unit 1.Particularly as follows: parking stall scheduled unit 4 wraps Purse rope page predetermined module 4a and APP predetermined module 4b.Webpage predetermined module 4a is carried out by the predetermined webpage in parking stall for user The registration of user profile, revise, inquire about, nullify, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generate predetermined order.APP Predetermined module 4b (including that mobile terminal and installation APP on mobile terminals realize) passes through the predetermined APP in parking stall for user Carry out the registration of user profile, revise, inquire about, nullify, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generate predetermined order.

As it is shown in figure 1, parking resource administrative unit 1 include subscriber information management module 1a, parking space information collection module 1b, Sequence information management module 1c, parking space information management module 1d, reservation prompting module 1f and judge module 1g.Wherein, use Family information management module 1a is used for managing user information, including user basic information, license board information etc..Parking space information collection mould Block 1b is for gathering the status information of Nei Ge parking stall, parking lot, and is sent to parking space information management module 1d, the state letter of parking stall Breath includes whether parking stall is empty, and the positional information of parking stall.Sequence information management module 1c is for predetermined order and right The payout status of this predetermined order is managed.Parking space information management module 1d is gathered according to parking space information collection module 1b Parking space state information generate parking space state data base, and real according to predetermined order and the status information of each parking stall that gathered Shi Gengxin this parking space state data base, and issue residue parking space information, control parking lot simultaneously and retain according to predetermined order corresponding The empty parking space of quantity.Reservation prompting module 1f is for sending prompting service to user, if user sets reservation when preengaging parking stall The time of advent, before subscription time arrives, reservation prompting module 1f sends prompting service to user, and user can repair according to prompting Change the time of reaching and pay corresponding delayed expense.

As it is shown in figure 1, intelligent navigation unit 6 includes outdoor navigation module 6a and indoor navigation module 6b, outdoor navigation mould Block 6a is for obtaining customer location the position according to parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, in conjunction with shortest path principle Optimal route is cooked up, by user's automobile navigation to parking lot with real-time road;Indoor navigation module 6b according to customer location, Position, target parking stall, and combine optimal path algorithm by user's automobile navigation to target parking stall.

Indoor positioning: indoor positioning based on Bluetooth technology, hardware is mainly made up of two parts, the most some is uniformly distributed Bluetooth beacon node in parking lot and mobile positioning node.Bluetooth beacon node uses bluetooth 4.0 module, and takes Fructus Mali pumilae (using BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) technology, it is low cost, short distance, interoperable to company's iBeacon agreement Robustness wireless technology.Specifically, utilization is the broadcast frame of entitled in BLE " announcement frame " (Advertising), Being realized by the data being partially submerged into the autonomous form of Fructus Mali pumilae in the payload of this announcement frame, its data are mainly by UUID Tetra-kinds of information of (universal unique identifier), Major, Minor, Measured Power are constituted), mainly use bluetooth 4.0 low-power consumption modes carry out signal transmitting, 3v button cell be powered, and mobile positioning node is mainly by the indigo plant of mobile phone terminal Tooth 4.0 module and location APP composition.

Location early stage: first carry out data acquisition and then the data collected are carried out Kalman filtering, the main data gathered Including, the Bluetooth signal intensity level of each beaconing nodes of internal reference position, garage, and this information is uploaded onto the server, shape Become complete location fingerprint storehouse.

Positioning stage: running fix terminal obtains Bluetooth beacon by bluetooth 4.0 module of mobile terminal after entering parking lot and saves The signal strength values of point carries out Kalman filtering process simultaneously, and by APP network interaction, uploads this information to server, Signal strength values determining with server at the Bluetooth beacon node that terminal is transmitted by server end by k rank neighbour's location algorithm Position fingerprint base mates, and obtains positional information.

Navigation stage: known current location information, target parking stall positional information, utilizes optimal path algorithm (ant group algorithm) Realizing route is planned, the positional information of recycling real-time positioning realizes navigation.

Optimal travel route recommendation service is provided specifically based on user current location:

(1) by GPS, user current location is positioned;

(2) this nodal information is carried out matching primitives with the parking lot fingerprint base nodal information collected, determine this position;

(3) utilize ant group algorithm, plan optimal route.

At the initial time of algorithm, m Formica fusca is placed at random n node, then Formica fusca simultaneously by a node to separately One node, is gradually completing search procedure.The iterative process of whole algorithm with N as scale, 1≤N≤Nmax.Every time In iteration, with t as scale, 1≤t≤n, Formica fusca k (k=1,2,3 ..., m) select the next one according to probability transformational rule Node, thus can generate a course of action, and with the renewal of pheromone.

Distance between node is

Wherein, (xi,xj) represent node i space coordinates, (yi,yj) represent node j space coordinates.

A, initialization, set relevant parameter: total nodes n, Formica fusca number m, initial time each path pheromone τij(0), The maximum N of m Formica fusca cycle-indexmax, volatility coefficient ρ and α of pheromone, β, Q etc., set up taboo list Tabuk (for recording all nodes that Formica fusca k has passed by current time, prevent duplicate paths), saves at present according to user Dot information and the Real-time Traffic Information of monitoring, add taboo list tabuk by traffic jam part of nodes, it is to avoid choose the path that blocks up.

B, being placed at random on each node by m Formica fusca, each node is at most distributed a Formica fusca, and by m Formica fusca institute In node is stored in respective taboo list respectively.

C, all Formica fuscas select next node according to probability transformational rule, and are stored in taboo list by node.

P i j k ( t ) = τ i s α ( t ) η i s β ( t ) Σ x ∈ allow k τ i s α ( t ) η i s β ( t ) , s ∈ allow k 0 , s ∉ allow k ;

If j is ∈ allowk,

α is the relative importance of pheromone;β is the relative importance of heuristic greedy method;Q is pheromone intensity, and η is Heuristic greedy method (visibility), reflection Formica fusca is transferred to the inspiration degree of node j by node i.

D, all Formica fuscas update pheromone according to the more new formula of pheromone after having traveled through n node, and record this process In optimal path and optimization path length.

τij(t+n)=(1-ρ) × τij(t)+Δτij(t);

Δτ i j ( t ) = Σ k = 1 m Δτ i j k ( t ) ;

If Formica fusca k is through limit ij (route between node i and node j);

Represent t, the pheromone that kth Formica fusca stays between node i and node j.

ΔτijT () represents t, the total information element that in m Formica fusca, all selections are stayed by the Formica fusca of node i to node j.

τij(t+n) pheromone between i, the j after a circulation is represented.

E, empty taboo list tabuk, repeat step c, step d until every Formica fusca completes NmaxSecondary traversal or the ant having All do identical traversal, finally draw optimal solution.Design parameter is chosen situation and is regarded nodes, node location, nodal distance Depending on.Typically there is a following choosing method:

(α=1, β=1), (α=1, β=2)

(α=1, β=5), (α=0.5, β=5)

N=1.5 × m;

F, will plan that route is shown in user.

As it is shown in figure 1, vehicle information collection unit 3 is concurrent for the license board information gathering the vehicle sailing or rolling away from parking lot into Deliver to parking resource administrative unit 1.The judge module 1g of parking resource administrative unit 1 judges this vehicle according to this license board information Whether be preset vehicle, if sailing vehicle into is preset vehicle, then according to user's vehicle enter parking lot entry position distribution from The nearest empty parking space in this entry position, to user, concurrently veers away row instruction and berth lock lock instruction (utilizes berth lock by target Parking stall locks, and scheduled vehicle is then turned on berth lock after arriving target parking stall, it is to avoid the target parking stall distributed is by the most predetermined car Take.) give intelligent control unit 5, and based on vehicle sail into the time send start charging instruct to toll administration unit 2, After preset vehicle arrives target parking stall, it is judged that module 1g retransmits berth lock and unblanks instruction to intelligent control unit 5.If sailing Going out vehicle is preset vehicle, then roll time transmission end charging away from based on vehicle and instruct to toll administration unit 2, and paying into Instruction of letting pass be sent to intelligent control unit 5 after merit.If sailing vehicle into is not preset vehicle, it is judged that module 1g sends clearance and refers to Order is to intelligent control unit 5, and intelligent control unit 5 controls banister and opens, and performs operation of letting pass, car owner enter behind parking lot from Stop in main parking stall of looking for.If outgoing vehicles is not preset vehicle, after judge module 1g judges that car owner has completed payment, then Sending lets pass instructs to intelligent control unit 5, and intelligent control unit 5 controls banister and opens, and performs operation of letting pass.

The method gathering license board information in the present invention is: automatically identified license board information by image.First it is License Plate: Analyze vehicle image feature location go out image feature location publish picture as in car plate position characters on license plate is split;Car plate word Symbol identifies: identified the character split.Implementing flow process is: license plate retrieving, Color License Plate image, gray scale Automobile image, the gray scale stretching of image, the binaryzation of image, the Grads Sharp of image, image is carried out in self-defined template Value filtering, the location of license plate area, cut down the picture of license plate area.

Open as it is shown in figure 1, intelligent control unit 5 controls banister based on the clearance instruction that parking resource administrative unit 1 is sent Open, perform let pass operation, be simultaneously based on berth lock lock instruction control berth lock locking (lock onto target parking stall), and based on Berth lock is unblanked to instruct control berth lock and is unblanked, and can be sent to parking resource administrative unit 1 by the App being arranged on mobile phone Unblanking to ask, parking resource administrative unit 1 the most automatically sends berth lock after receiving the request unblanked and unblanks instruction to Based Intelligent Control Unit 5.Also can be by mobile phone be positioned, when navigating to after user arrives target parking stall, parking resource administrative unit 1 from The dynamic berth lock that sends unblanks instruction to intelligent control unit 5.

As it is shown in figure 1, toll administration unit 2 sails the time into based on vehicle, vehicle rolls Time Calculation away from and goes out Parking Fee, with And complete the payment of this Parking Fee, and after payment completes, send payment instruction to parking resource administrative unit 1.

As in figure 2 it is shown, parking resource administrative unit 1 also includes pushed information module 1e;Pushed information module 1e includes using Family is conventional recommends submodule, distance optimum recommendation submodule, popular parking lot to recommend submodule and periphery shop and large-scale activity to push away Recommend submodule.User commonly uses recommendation submodule, and by being analyzed user's general information data in high in the clouds, generation user is conventional to push away Recommend table.Distance optimum recommendation submodule is according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, former in conjunction with shortest path Then cook up optimal route with real-time road.It is free that popular parking lot recommends submodule to recommend around the destination selected by user The parking lot of remaining parking stall.Periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule according to recommendation parking lot, the parking lot week selected by user Shop, limit and large-scale activity.

As it is shown in figure 1, intellectual monitoring unit 7 is for recording video and the sound of running car overall process, limit during by driving Walk limit video recording, time, speed and positional information are also recorded in video recording simultaneously.This intellectual monitoring unit 7 is remembered by mobile phone The video of record running car overall process and sound.The mobile phone version of similar drive recorder, user is switched in the process of moving The GPS function of mobile phone, then mobile phone camera is directed at the support of shield glass, opening recording interface in APP can carry Show that video record arranges (user setup video deposits path), then can enter software and carry out recording, take pictures, record, finally Video can be found out the most at any time.

As in figure 2 it is shown, a kind of based on car networking the city intelligent reservation parking method of the present invention, use of the present invention City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking, comprises the following steps:

Step 1, parking resource administrative unit 1 gather, add up the status information of parking stall, and issue residue parking space information.

Step 2, user are by the predetermined parking stall of parking stall scheduled unit 4 and down time, and predetermined order single-shot is delivered to money of stopping Source control unit 1.

Step 3, parking resource administrative unit 1 according to predetermined order update parking space state data base, and control parking lot according to Predetermined order retains the empty parking space of respective numbers.

Step 4, vehicle information collection unit 3 gather the license board information sailing vehicle into, and send license board information and sail the time into Information is to parking resource administrative unit 1.

Step 5, parking resource administrative unit 1 judge to sail whether vehicle is preset vehicle into, if sailing car into based on license board information It is preset vehicle, then enters the entry position in parking lot according to user's vehicle and distribute the empty parking space nearest from this entry position and give User, the row instruction that concurrently veers away controls banister with berth lock lock instruction to intelligent control unit 5, described intelligent control unit 5 Opening, perform operation of letting pass, intelligent control unit 5 controls berth lock locking, retains target parking stall, when preset vehicle reaches Behind target parking stall, described parking resource administrative unit 1 retransmits berth lock and unblanks to instruct to intelligent control unit 5, intelligence control Unit 5 processed controls berth lock unblanks, it is to avoid non-preset vehicle takies this target parking stall, and parking resource administrative unit updates parking stall Slip condition database.If sailing vehicle into is not preset vehicle, parking resource administrative unit 1 sends instruction of letting pass to intelligent control single Unit 5, intelligent control unit 5 controls banister and opens, car owner independently looks for parking stall, and parking resource administrative unit 1 updates parking stall Slip condition database.

Step 6, parking resource administrative unit 1 be based on vehicle sails temporal information into and sends and start charging and instruct to toll administration Unit 2, toll administration unit 2 starts expense.

Step 7, vehicle information collection unit 3 gather the license board information of outgoing vehicles, and send license board information and roll the time away from Information is to parking resource administrative unit 1.

Based on license board information, step 8, parking resource administrative unit 1 judge whether this outgoing vehicles is preset vehicle, if so, Then sending end charging to instruct to toll administration unit 2, toll administration unit 2 is based on sailing temporal information into, rolling temporal information away from Calculate Parking Fee, and push order payment information and send after order pays successfully to user, parking resource administrative unit Let pass instruction to intelligent control unit 5;If it is not, the parking fee that then car owner calculates according to toll administration unit 2 when leaving With independently completing payment.

Step 9, intelligent control unit 5 control banister and open, and vehicle rolls garage parking away from, terminate this parking service, money of stopping Source control unit 1 updates parking space state data base according to sequence information, and issues up-to-date residue parking space information.

Further, step 3 also includes: outdoor navigation module 6a is used for obtaining customer location, and according to customer location, predetermined The position in parking lot belonging to parking stall, cooks up optimal route in conjunction with shortest path principle and real-time road, by user's automobile navigation To parking lot.

Further, step 6 also includes: indoor navigation module 6b is according to customer location, position, target parking stall, and combines optimum Routing algorithm, by user's automobile navigation to target parking stall, helps user to be quickly found out target parking stall, has not only saved car owner's Time, additionally it is possible to effectively maintain parking lot order.

Further, also include: user commonly uses recommendation submodule by user's general information data in high in the clouds are analyzed generation User commonly uses recommendation tables;Distance is optimum recommend submodule according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, in conjunction with Shortest path principle and real-time road cook up optimal route;Popular parking lot recommends submodule in the destination's week selected by user Enclose the parking lot recommending there is vacant parking stall;Periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule to push away according to the parking lot selected by user Recommend periphery shop, parking lot and large-scale activity, it is achieved the monitoring to surrounding enviroment.

Further, also include: indoor navigation module 6b is reversely sought according to predetermined parking space information and customer position information Car, helps user to be quickly found out the car of oneself.

Further, intellectual monitoring unit 7 for recording video and the sound of running car overall process, walk during by driving while Video recording, also records time, speed and positional information in video recording simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. a city intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking, it is characterised in that: include parking stall scheduled unit (4), parking resource administrative unit (1), intelligent navigation unit (6), vehicle information collection unit (3), intelligent control unit (5) and toll administration unit (2);
Described parking stall scheduled unit (4) for user profile registration, revise, inquire about, nullify, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generate predetermined order single-shot and deliver to parking resource administrative unit (1);
Described parking resource administrative unit (1) includes subscriber information management module (1a), parking space information collection module (1b), sequence information management module (1c) and parking space information management module (1d);
Described subscriber information management module (1a) is used for managing user information;
Described parking space information collection module (1b) is for gathering the status information of Nei Ge parking stall, parking lot, and is sent to parking space information management module (1d), and the status information of parking stall includes whether parking stall is empty, and the positional information of parking stall;
Described sequence information management module (1c) is for described predetermined order and being managed the payout status of this predetermined order;
The parking space state information that described parking space information management module (1d) is gathered according to parking space information collection module (1b) generates parking space state data base, and according to predetermined order and status information real-time update this parking space state data base of each parking stall of being gathered, and issue residue parking space information, control parking lot simultaneously and retain the empty parking space of respective numbers according to predetermined order;
Described intelligent navigation unit (6) includes outdoor navigation module (6a) and indoor navigation module (6b), and described outdoor navigation module (6a) is for obtaining customer location and according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall by user's automobile navigation extremely described parking lot;Described indoor navigation module (6b) according to customer location, position, target parking stall by user's automobile navigation to target parking stall;
Described vehicle information collection unit (3) is for gathering the license board information of the vehicle sailing or rolling away from parking lot into and sending to parking resource administrative unit (1);
Described parking resource administrative unit (1) also includes judge module (1g), according to this license board information, this judge module (1g) judges whether this vehicle is preset vehicle, if sailing vehicle into is preset vehicle, then distribute the empty parking space nearest from this entry position to user according to the entry position in user's vehicle entrance parking lot, the row that concurrently veers away instructs and berth lock lock instruction is to intelligent control unit (5), and based on vehicle sail into the time send start charging instruct to toll administration unit (2), after preset vehicle arrives target parking stall, described judge module (1g) retransmits berth lock and unblanks instruction to intelligent control unit (5);If outgoing vehicles is preset vehicle, then rolls time transmission end charging away from based on vehicle and instruct to toll administration unit (2), and after paying successfully, send instruction of letting pass to intelligent control unit (5);If sailing vehicle into is not preset vehicle, judge module (1g) sends instruction of letting pass to intelligent control unit (5), parking stall is independently looked for by car owner, if outgoing vehicles is not preset vehicle, after judge module (1g) judges that car owner has completed payment, then send instruction of letting pass to intelligent control unit (5);
Described intelligent control unit (5) controls banister based on the clearance instruction that described parking resource administrative unit (1) is sent and performs operation of letting pass, be simultaneously based on berth lock lock instruction control berth lock locking, and based on berth lock unblank instruction control berth lock unblank;
Described toll administration unit (2) sails the time into based on vehicle, vehicle rolls Time Calculation away from and goes out Parking Fee, and complete the payment of this Parking Fee, and sends payment instruction after payment completes to parking resource administrative unit (1).
City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described parking resource administrative unit (1) also includes pushed information module (1e);
Described pushed information module (1e) includes that user is conventional and recommends submodule, distance optimum recommendation submodule, popular parking lot to recommend submodule and periphery shop and large-scale activity to recommend submodule;
Described user commonly uses recommendation submodule and commonly uses recommendation tables by user's general information data in high in the clouds are analyzed generation user;
Described distance is optimum recommends submodule according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, cooks up optimal route in conjunction with shortest path principle and real-time road;
Described popular parking lot recommends submodule to recommend the parking lot having vacant parking stall around the destination selected by user;
Described periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule according to the periphery shop, recommendation parking lot, parking lot selected by user and large-scale activity.
City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: also include intellectual monitoring unit (7), this intellectual monitoring unit (7) is for recording video and the sound of running car overall process, walk while record a video during by driving, time, speed and positional information are also recorded in video recording simultaneously.
City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: described parking stall scheduled unit (4) includes webpage predetermined module (4a) and APP predetermined module (4b);
Described webpage predetermined module (4a) is carried out the registration of user profile for user by the predetermined webpage in parking stall, is revised, inquires about, nullifies, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generates predetermined order;
Described APP predetermined module (4b) is carried out the registration of user profile for user by the predetermined APP in parking stall, is revised, inquires about, nullifies, and predetermined parking space and down time, and generates predetermined order.
City intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described parking resource administrative unit (1) also includes preengaging prompting module (1f), user sets when preengaging parking stall and preengages the time of advent, and before subscription time arrives, described reservation prompting module (1f) sends prompting service to user.
6. a city intelligent reservation parking method based on car networking, it is characterised in that: use the city intelligent reservation shutdown system based on car networking as described in claim 1 to 5 is arbitrary, comprise the following steps:
Step 1, parking resource administrative unit (1) gather, add up the status information of parking stall, and issue residue parking space information;
Step 2, user pass through parking stall scheduled unit (4) predetermined parking stall and down time, and predetermined order single-shot are delivered to parking resource administrative unit (1);
Step 3, parking resource administrative unit (1) update parking space state data base according to predetermined order, and control the parking lot empty parking space according to predetermined order reservation respective numbers;
Step 4, vehicle information collection unit (3) gather the license board information sailing vehicle into, and send license board information and sail temporal information into parking resource administrative unit (1);
Step 5, parking resource administrative unit (1) judges to sail whether vehicle is preset vehicle into based on license board information, if sailing vehicle into is preset vehicle, then distribute the empty parking space nearest from this entry position to user according to the entry position in user's vehicle entrance parking lot, the row that concurrently veers away instructs and berth lock lock instruction is to intelligent control unit (5), described intelligent control unit (5) controls banister and opens and berth lock locking, after preset vehicle reaches target parking stall, described parking resource administrative unit (1) sends berth lock and unblanks instruction to intelligent control unit (5), intelligent control unit (5) controls berth lock unblanks, parking resource administrative unit (1) updates parking space state data base;
If sailing vehicle into is not preset vehicle, parking resource administrative unit (1) sends instruction of letting pass to intelligent control unit (5), described intelligent control unit (5) controls banister and opens, car owner independently look for parking stall, and parking resource administrative unit (1) updates parking space state data base;
Step 6, parking resource administrative unit (1) be based on vehicle sails temporal information into and sends and start charging and instruct to toll administration unit (2), and described toll administration unit (2) starts computational costs;
Step 7, vehicle information collection unit (3) gather the license board information of outgoing vehicles, and send license board information and roll temporal information away to parking resource administrative unit (1);
Based on license board information, step 8, parking resource administrative unit (1) judge whether this outgoing vehicles is preset vehicle, if, then send end charging and instruct to toll administration unit (2), described toll administration unit (2) is based on sailing temporal information into, rolling temporal information away from and calculate Parking Fee, and pushing order payment information to user, described parking resource administrative unit (1) sends clearance instruction to intelligent control unit (5) after order pays successfully;If it is not, the Parking Fee that then car owner calculates according to toll administration unit (2) when leaving independently completes payment;
Step 9, intelligent control unit (5) control banister and open, and vehicle rolls garage parking away from, terminates this parking service, and described parking resource administrative unit (1) updates parking space state data base according to sequence information, and issues up-to-date residue parking space information.
City intelligent reservation parking method based on car networking the most according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described step 3 also includes: described outdoor navigation module (6a) is used for obtaining customer location, and according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall by user's automobile navigation to described parking lot;
Described step 6 also includes: indoor navigation module (6b) according to customer location, position, target parking stall by user's automobile navigation to target parking stall.
8. according to the city intelligent reservation parking method based on car networking described in claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that: also include:
Described user commonly uses recommendation submodule and commonly uses recommendation tables by user's general information data in high in the clouds are analyzed generation user;
Described distance is optimum recommends submodule according to the position in parking lot belonging to customer location, predetermined parking stall, cooks up optimal route in conjunction with shortest path principle and real-time road;
Described popular parking lot recommends submodule to recommend the parking lot having vacant parking stall around the destination selected by user;
Described periphery shop and large-scale activity recommend submodule according to the periphery shop, recommendation parking lot, parking lot selected by user and large-scale activity.
City intelligent reservation parking method based on car networking the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: also include: described indoor navigation module (6b) carries out reverse car seeking according to predetermined parking space information and customer position information.
10. according to the city intelligent reservation parking method based on car networking described in claim 6 or 7, it is characterized in that: also include: intellectual monitoring unit (7) is for recording video and the sound of running car overall process, walk while record a video during by driving, time, speed and positional information are also recorded in video recording simultaneously.
CN201610322447.XA 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Urban intelligent parking reserving system and method based on Internet of vehicles CN105976041A (en)

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