CN105972644A - Biomass stove - Google Patents

Biomass stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105972644A
CN105972644A CN201610359627.5A CN201610359627A CN105972644A CN 105972644 A CN105972644 A CN 105972644A CN 201610359627 A CN201610359627 A CN 201610359627A CN 105972644 A CN105972644 A CN 105972644A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stove
water tank
biomass
core
water
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610359627.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李晓东
Original Assignee
天津商业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 天津商业大学 filed Critical 天津商业大学
Priority to CN201610359627.5A priority Critical patent/CN105972644A/en
Publication of CN105972644A publication Critical patent/CN105972644A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/183Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with additional provisions for heating water
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/189Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by air-handling means, i.e. of combustion-air, heated-air, or flue-gases, e.g. draught control dampers 
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass stove. The biomass stove comprises a stove rack and a stove core. A stove chamber is arranged in the stove rack. The stove core is arranged in the stove chamber. The stove chamber is provided with a water tank around the stove core. The water tank is connected with a heat preservation water storage tank through a water pump. A plurality of layers of vent holes are formed in the stove core in a surrounding manner. The vent holes face the interior of the stove core in an obliquely downward manner. The vent holes are connected with a plurality of vent pipelines. The vent pipelines are connected with an air supply fan. By means of the biomass stove, the combustion efficiency of the biomass stove is improved, and meanwhile the combustion effect in the biomass stove is improved by improving the air supply efficiency of the biomass stove.

Description

A kind of biomass stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to material stove kitchen range technical field, refer more particularly to a kind of biomass stove.
Background technology
In recent years, the development and utilization to biomass stove is the most increasingly subject to people's attention, and is the most progressively promoted and applies.The kind of biomass kitchen range is a lot of the most on the market, the technical scheme having a kind of biomass stove is about the stove core including a stove frame He being arranged in described stove frame, described stove core has a straight-cylindrical chamber of a kitchen range and the cooking stove set being sleeved on outside this chamber of a kitchen range, it is air supply chamber between the described chamber of a kitchen range and described cooking stove set, the tube wall top of the described chamber of a kitchen range is provided with wind pushing hole, it is provided with the appendix of connecting fan bottom described cooking stove set, at the neighbouring stove mouth of described cooking stove set, is provided with smoke exhaust pipe;It is filled with insulation material between described stove frame and described stove core.In use there is following deficiency in this biomass stove: the most reasonably recycles the waste heat of biomass stove, and the stove core design of this stove is unreasonable, the top-down mode of biomass fuel combustion, easily cause the air supply deficiency bottom the chamber of a kitchen range, biomass fuel can not get fully burning, remaining more remaining carbon in ashes bottom thorax, the thermal efficiency of biomass stove is low.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of biomass stove.
The present invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
The invention provides a kind of biomass stove, including stove frame and stove core, be provided with the chamber of a kitchen range in described stove frame, described stove core is arranged in the chamber of a kitchen range, in the chamber of a kitchen range, described stove core is provided with water tank;Described water tank is connected by water pump heat preservation storage water tank;Described stove core periphery is surrounded with multilamellar air vent, and multilamellar air vent vertically sets gradually, and described every layer of air vent is obliquely towards stove in-core;Described every layer of air vent connects ventilation shaft respectively, and described each ventilation shaft connects pressure fan respectively.
Preferably, described ventilation shaft is connected through water tank with every layer of air vent, and described ventilation shaft is the ventilation shaft that heat-barrier material makes.
Preferably, it is enclosed with thermal insulation layer outside described water tank.
Preferably, described air vent is the air vent of 45 ° obliquely.
Preferably, described stove in-core is positioned at each opening ventilation hole and is provided with the plate washer of inclination, and described plate washer is for by the diverse location of described wind to stove core.
Preferably, plate washer corresponding to described every layer of air vent is along the short transverse of described stove core, and the lowest, the angle between described plate washer and stove core sidewall is the biggest.
Preferably, described water tank connects water supply installation.
Preferably, in described water tank, temperature sensor is set.
Described water pump and water supply installation connect control device respectively, and the water in water tank is pumped in heat preservation storage water tank by described control device for controlling water pump, and controls water supply installation water filling in water tank.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: improve the efficiency of combustion of biomass stove by the biomass stove arranged, meanwhile, by improving the air-supply efficiency of biomass stove, improve the combustion efficiency in biomass stove.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the biomass stove that the embodiment of the present invention provides.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Refer to the structural representation that Fig. 1, Fig. 1 are the biomass stoves that the present invention provides.
Embodiments providing a kind of biomass stove, this biomass stove includes: stove frame 1 and stove core 2, wherein, is provided with the chamber of a kitchen range in described stove frame 1, and described stove core 2 is arranged in the described chamber of a kitchen range, and the described chamber of a kitchen range is provided with water tank 3 around described stove core 2;Described water tank 3 is connected by water pump 8 heat preservation storage water tank 9;Described stove core 2 periphery is surrounded with multilamellar air vent 10, and described every layer of air vent 10 is obliquely towards in described stove core 2;Described multilamellar air vent 10 connects multiple ventilation shaft, and the connection of described ventilation shaft has pressure fan 5.
In the above-described embodiments, improve the efficiency of combustion of biomass stove by the biomass stove arranged, meanwhile, by improving the air-supply efficiency of biomass stove, improve the combustion efficiency in biomass stove.
Understand structure and the operation principle of the biomass stove that the present invention provides for convenience, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, it is described in detail.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, biomass stove is provided mainly to include stove frame 1 and stove core 2 at the present embodiment.It is provided with the chamber of a kitchen range in this stove frame 1, this chamber of a kitchen range is used for accommodating stove core 2, when specifically used, stove core 2 is arranged in this chamber of a kitchen range, and the chamber of a kitchen range wraps around and is provided with water tank 3, when biomass combustion in stove core 2, water in water tank 3 can be heated by waste heat, and, this water tank 3 has heat preservation storage water tank 9 by arranging the pipeline connection of water pump 8, after water ebuillition of heated in water tank 3, can be sent in heat preservation storage water tank 9 by water pump 8.Cold water can be continuously added afterwards, such that it is able to constantly utilize the waste heat of stove core 2 in water tank 3.More preferably, in order to improve the heats of water tank 3, outside described water tank 3, it is enclosed with thermal insulation layer.Avoid water-cooled by the thermal insulation layer arranged, improve the efficiency of heating surface of water.
Additionally, for the efficiency of combustion improving stove core 2, it is also preferred that the left in the surrounding of stove core 2 around arranging multilamellar air vent 10, the number of every layer of air vent 10 is multiple, and multilamellar air vent 10 sets gradually along the height of stove core 2.Every layer of air vent 10 is connected with pressure fan 5 by ventilation shaft, air can be sent to the diverse location of stove core 2 by pressure fan 5, in addition, in order to avoid dust enters in pressure fan 5, air vent 10 uses and arranges towards the mode within stove core 2 obliquely, thus i.e. can realize the ventilation of diverse location internal to stove core 2, also reduce the probability of biomass closure air vent 10 simultaneously.
Additionally, air vent 10 is when specifically arranging, use the air vent 10 of 45 ° obliquely.And the wind being blown in order to avoid all of air vent 10 is all to blow downwards, the air being blown into is caused excessively to be concentrated, affect the efficiency of combustion of other positions, preferably, being positioned at each air vent 10 mouthfuls in described stove core 2 and be provided with the plate washer 11 of inclination, described plate washer 11 is for by the diverse location of described wind to stove core 2.When air is entered in stove core 2 by air vent 10, blowing on plate washer 11, plate washer 11 changes the flow direction of air, and air is delivered to the diverse location in stove core 2, thus improve the uniformity of the air within stove core 2, and then improve the efficiency of combustion of stove core 2 endogenous substance.In a concrete set-up mode, the plate washer 11 of described every layer of air vent 10 correspondence is along the short transverse of described stove core 2, the lowest, and the angle between described plate washer 11 and stove core 2 sidewall is the biggest.Use aforesaid way that plate washer 11 is set, both can ensure that and bottom stove core 2, be obtained in that enough air, more air can also be provided simultaneously for other positions of stove core 2.
When specifically arranging, as it is shown in figure 1, air vent 10 is connected with blower fan 5 by ventilation shaft, when specifically arranging, described ventilation shaft contacts with described water tank 3, and described ventilation shaft is the ventilation shaft that heat-barrier material makes.Thus the water in the water tank 3 of heating is impacted by the cold air avoided enter in stove frame 1, can utilize the waste heat of biomass stove to greatest extent.
As a preferred embodiment, it is also preferred that the left this biomass stove also includes the water supply installation 6 being connected with described water tank 3.After entering into heat preservation storage water tank 9 after water boiling in water tank 3, can be supplied water by water supply installation 6 feed-tank 3.
More preferably, in order to improve the automaticity of whole process, this biomass stove also includes:
Detect the temperature sensor 4 of water temperature in described water tank 3;
Control device 7, after the water boiling in described water tank 3, control described water pump 8 and the water in described water tank 3 is pumped in described heat preservation storage water tank 9, and control the water filling in described water tank 3 of described water supply installation 6.I.e. realize the Automated condtrol to water tank 3 water outlet and water inlet by control device 7.It should be appreciated that when using aforesaid way, be provided with two water level detection gauge in water tank 3, the higher water level detection gauge in position be set for feeding back the water supply information of water supply installation 6, the relatively low condensate tank of dehumidifier in position is set for feeding back the water outlet information of water tank 3.Control device 7 and control water pump 8 and the unlatching of water supply installation 6 and closedown according to the signal of two water level detection gauge.
By foregoing description it can be seen that in the present embodiment, improve the efficiency of combustion of biomass stove by the biomass stove arranged, meanwhile, by improving the air-supply efficiency of biomass stove, improve the combustion efficiency in biomass stove.
These are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendment, equivalent and improvement etc. made within the spirit and principles in the present invention, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a biomass stove, it is characterised in that include stove frame and stove core, is provided with the chamber of a kitchen range in described stove frame, described stove core is arranged in the chamber of a kitchen range, in the chamber of a kitchen range, described stove core is provided with water tank;Described water tank is connected by water pump heat preservation storage water tank;Described stove core periphery is surrounded with multilamellar air vent, and multilamellar air vent vertically sets gradually, and described every layer of air vent is obliquely towards stove in-core;Described every layer of air vent connects ventilation shaft respectively, and described each ventilation shaft connects pressure fan respectively.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described ventilation shaft is connected through water tank with every layer of air vent, described ventilation shaft uses heat-barrier material to make.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be enclosed with thermal insulation layer outside described water tank.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described air vent is set to 45 ° obliquely.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the port that described each air vent is positioned at stove in-core is provided with the plate washer of inclination.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that plate washer corresponding to described every layer of air vent is along the short transverse of described stove core, and the lowest, the angle between described plate washer and stove core sidewall is the biggest.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described water tank connects water supply installation.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that in described water tank, temperature sensor is set.
Biomass stove the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described water pump and water supply installation connect control device respectively, the water in water tank is pumped in heat preservation storage water tank for controlling water pump, and controls water supply installation water filling in water tank by described control device.
CN201610359627.5A 2016-05-27 2016-05-27 Biomass stove CN105972644A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610359627.5A CN105972644A (en) 2016-05-27 2016-05-27 Biomass stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610359627.5A CN105972644A (en) 2016-05-27 2016-05-27 Biomass stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105972644A true CN105972644A (en) 2016-09-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610359627.5A CN105972644A (en) 2016-05-27 2016-05-27 Biomass stove

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102116489A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-07-06 朱宏锋 Stove capable of preventing slagging
CN103615745A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-05 孟波 Outdoor wood stove capable of generating electricity
CN203628715U (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-06-04 房仲倩 Coal gasifying furnace
CN203964018U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-26 李彦霖 Multifunctional range
CN204513468U (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-07-29 巴音道尔计 Self-feeding sheep excrement particle gasification furnace
CN204513479U (en) * 2015-04-05 2015-07-29 萧钠 Controlled air distribution heated kang special furnace
CN204704852U (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-10-14 王兆国 A kind of Multipurpose energy-saving coal smoke-free range
CN205245234U (en) * 2015-09-14 2016-05-18 付甫焱 Energy -concerving and environment -protective return air stove

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102116489A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-07-06 朱宏锋 Stove capable of preventing slagging
CN203628715U (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-06-04 房仲倩 Coal gasifying furnace
CN103615745A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-05 孟波 Outdoor wood stove capable of generating electricity
CN203964018U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-26 李彦霖 Multifunctional range
CN204513468U (en) * 2015-03-25 2015-07-29 巴音道尔计 Self-feeding sheep excrement particle gasification furnace
CN204513479U (en) * 2015-04-05 2015-07-29 萧钠 Controlled air distribution heated kang special furnace
CN204704852U (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-10-14 王兆国 A kind of Multipurpose energy-saving coal smoke-free range
CN205245234U (en) * 2015-09-14 2016-05-18 付甫焱 Energy -concerving and environment -protective return air stove

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Application publication date: 20160928

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication