CN105971641B - A kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout - Google Patents

A kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105971641B
CN105971641B CN201610538558.4A CN201610538558A CN105971641B CN 105971641 B CN105971641 B CN 105971641B CN 201610538558 A CN201610538558 A CN 201610538558A CN 105971641 B CN105971641 B CN 105971641B
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China
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arch
component
orientation
circular
layout
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CN105971641A (en
Inventor
李术才
王�琦
孙会彬
江贝
秦乾
曾昭楠
于恒昌
栾英成
鹿伟
张超
许硕
刘博宏
张皓杰
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Shandong Tian Qin mine mechanism company limited
Shandong University
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Shandong Tian Qin Mine Mechanism Co Ltd
Shandong University
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Priority to CN201610538558.4A priority Critical patent/CN105971641B/en
Publication of CN105971641A publication Critical patent/CN105971641A/en
Priority claimed from US15/767,157 external-priority patent/US10415387B2/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/14Lining predominantly with metal
    • E21D11/18Arch members ; Network made of arch members ; Ring elements; Polygon elements; Polygon elements inside arches

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized constructions quickly to position one-above-the-other layout, including being individually fixed in the fixed component of arch both sides and orientation direction connecting component, and the fixed component and orientation direction connecting component are coaxial, the installation site of fixed component and orientation direction connecting component on adjacent arch, direction is consistent, and adjacent arch is connected by radius rod, radius rod one end connects the fixed component of a Pin arches, the other end connects the orientation direction connecting component of another Pin arches, to realize assembled arch and the assembled positioning completed between arch, it is fixed.Install convenient of the present invention is flexible, easy to operate, when carrying out arch positioning, it is only necessary to which adjacent two Pin arches docking is saved the arch set-up time, accelerated construction progress.

Description

A kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized constructions quickly to position one-above-the-other layout.
Background technology
In recent years, traffic tunnel construction in China's achieves unprecedented development, it has also become world's tunnels and underground engineering The first big country of construction scale and construction speed.With the fast development of tunnel construction scale and speed, as Tunnel The requirement of the steel arch-shelf of main body, installation speed and quality is particularly important to saving working hour, and China's tunnel support arch frame It is typically necessary before installation using total powerstation to 3 points of tunnel cross-section vault, arch springing progress surveying and locatings, measures tunnel arch Center line and elevation location, to determine arch installation site.
Traditional arch installation and locating method has the following disadvantages in construction:
(1) arch installation is required for measuring setting-out every time, occupies the longer tunnel arch set-up time;
(2) arch installation is carried out according to surveying and locating point, lacks the reasons such as reference substance or environmental restrictions, there is also a little for precision Perhaps deviation.
In engineering practice over the past several decades, although people have done many work in the installation positioning of constructing tunnel arch, Since condition limits, the effective solution arch quick positioning question of none of these methods.Therefore being badly in need of a kind of device can Easily and efficiently solve arch installation quick positioning question.
Invention content
The present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems, it is proposed that a kind of tunnel confined concrete mechanized construction arch quickly positions Adjacent two Pin arches can quickly be connected positioning by one-above-the-other layout, the present invention, be surveyed before not needing to each arch installation Setting-out is measured, the problems such as holding time is long, and precision is not high and personnel waste is positioned to solve arch.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of tunnel confined concrete mechanized construction arch quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, including being individually fixed in arch The fixed component of frame both sides and orientation direction connecting component, and the fixed component and orientation direction connecting component are coaxial, it is adjacent Arch on the consistent and adjacent framework in the installation site of fixed component and orientation direction connecting component, direction to pass through longitudinal direction fixed Position bar connection, radius rod one end connect the fixed component of a Pin arches, and the other end connects the orientation direction of another Pin arches Connecting component, to realize assembled arch and assembled complete positioning between arch, fix.
Further, the fixed component is screw fixing device, is welded on arch center side position.
The orientation direction connecting component is welded on arch center side position, and coaxial with fixed component, occurs in pairs.
The quantity of fixed component and orientation direction connecting component is big according to live Grades of Surrounding Rock, tunnel cross-section in per Pin arches Small and/or arch size determines.
The fixed component is hollow structure, and edge is provided with screw thread in hollow space.
The orientation direction connecting component, one end are horn-like circular connecting pipe, and the other end is tubular structure and welding On arch, and horn-like circular connecting pipe is hollow structure, and tubular structure is internally provided with a groove.
Described radius rod one end is provided with screw thread, is matched with the screw thread in fixed component, and the other end is circular platform type End is matched with the horn-like circular connecting pipe of orientation direction connecting component.
The rear end of the circular platform type end of the radius rod is equipped with a positioning groove, to fixed circlip, and positions recessed Slot is corresponding with the position of groove.
The circular platform type end is moved into orientation direction attachment device, clamp spring quilt in horn-like circular connecting pipe groove Circular platform type end struts, and when horn-like circular connecting pipe groove is opposite with radius rod groove, clamp spring is shunk, longitudinal register Bar is locked with orientation direction attachment device position.
The clamp spring is with round steel ring jaggy, and diameter is between the horn-like inside and outside diameter of circular connecting pipe groove.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, device is formed simple, and only screw fixing device, radius rod, orientation direction attachment device three parts are main Part is formed, easy to operate;
2nd, install convenient is flexible, easy to operate, when carrying out arch positioning, it is only necessary to adjacent two Pin arches docking, section The arch set-up time is saved, is accelerated construction progress;
3rd, construction cost reduces, and is positioned using the device, reduces the use of instrument, reduces construction cost;
4th, installation accuracy is high, and the shadow that one-above-the-other layout does not have to consider the factors such as artificial, environment is quickly positioned using arch It rings, error is smaller;
5th, it is applied widely, it is applicable for arch of different shapes in Tunnel, such as constrain concrete arch Frame, H profile steel arch, I-steel arch etc..
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is screw fixing device schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is 2 schematic diagram of orientation direction attachment device;
Fig. 3 is clamp spring and is softened status diagram;
Fig. 4 is longitudinal register connecting rod schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the longitudinal register attachment device schematic diagram that assembling is completed;
Fig. 6 is screw fixing device and orientation direction attachment device 2 position view in arch.
In figure, 1, screw fixing device;2nd, attachment device is guided;3rd, horn-like circular connecting pipe;4th, horn-like circle connects Take over groove;5th, clamp spring;6th, clamp spring opening;7th, radius rod;8th, radius rod screw thread;9th, radius rod groove; 10th, radius rod circular platform type end;11st, arch.
Specific embodiment:
The invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, a kind of tunnel confined concrete mechanized construction arch quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, packet Include screw fixing device 1, radius rod 7, orientation direction attachment device 2 and clamp spring 5.Screw fixing device 1 and orientation direction Attachment device 2 is respectively welded at the both sides of 11 side of arch, and coaxial.Assembled arch has been completed in the connection of 7 tail portion of radius rod 11 screw fixing device 1, head connect the orientation direction attachment device 2 of assembled arch 11, complete assembled arch Positioning, fixing between 11 and the arch 11 of assembly completion, it is assembled so as to fulfill the quick positioning of arch 11.
The screw fixing device 1 and orientation direction attachment device 2 is welded on 11 center side position of arch, and the two It is coaxial, occur in pairs, quantity of this in every Pin arches 11 to device is according to live Grades of Surrounding Rock, tunnel cross-section size, arch ruler It is very little to determine.
2 one end of orientation direction attachment device is horn-like circular connecting pipe 3, and the other end is welded on arch 11 On.
Described 7 one end of radius rod be furnished with screw thread, the other end be circular platform type end, apart from round platform bottom 3~ There are a groove in 10mm positions.7 length of radius rod is equal to shelf's design on arch bridge spacing.
7 material of radius rod is the reinforcing bar of preferable plasticity and good processing performance or is macromolecule material Material.
There is the groove for placing clamp spring 5 in the horn-like circular connecting pipe 3.
3 material of horn-like circular connecting pipe is high performance metal material.
The clamp spring 5 is with round steel ring jaggy.
5 diameter of clamp spring is between horn-like 4 inside and outside diameter of circular connecting pipe groove.
The clamp spring 5 is first put into horn-like circular connecting pipe groove 4, by radius rod screw thread 8 and new clothes arch The connection of screw fixing device 1 is tightened, then by new clothes arch radius rod circular platform type end 10, is extend into and has been installed arch 11 In horn-like circular connecting pipe 3 in orientation direction attachment device 2, as circular platform type end is constantly to orientation direction attachment device It is moved in 2, clamp spring 5 is constantly strutted in horn-like circular connecting pipe groove 4 by circular platform type end, when horn-like circular connecting pipe When groove 4 is opposite with radius rod groove 9, clamp spring 5 is shunk so that radius rod 7 and 2 position of orientation direction attachment device Installation positioning is completed in locking.
A kind of tunnel confined concrete mechanized construction arch of the present invention quickly positions one-above-the-other layout and mainly passes through What following technical scheme was realized:
The first step:According to determining arch position location, screw fixing device 1 and orientation direction attachment device 2 are welded On 11 two sides coaxial line of arch;
Second step:The horn-like circular connecting pipe that clamp spring 5 is put into soldered orientation direction attachment device 2 is recessed In slot 4;
Third walks:When carrying out the installation of arch 11, radius rod screw thread 8 is connect with new clothes arch screw fixing device 1 It tightens;
4th step:Fitting machine accommodates new clothes arch 11 and is installed, and the radius rod circular platform type end 10 tightened is stretched In the horn-like circular connecting pipe 3 for entering upper Pin installation arch orientation directions attachment device 2, as circular platform type end is constantly to positioning It is moved in guiding attachment device 2, clamp spring 5 is constantly strutted in horn-like circular connecting pipe groove 4 by circular platform type end, works as loudspeaker When shape circular connecting pipe groove 4 is opposite with radius rod groove 9, clamp spring 5 is shunk so that radius rod connects with orientation direction 2 position of connection device locks, and completes installation positioning;
5th step:After arch 11 completes installation positioning, two arch springings are padded with admant;
6th step:Positioning check, adjustment are carried out to installation arch 11.
Above-mentioned, although the foregoing specific embodiments of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, not protects model to the present invention The limitation enclosed, those skilled in the art should understand that, based on the technical solutions of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not Need to make the creative labor the various modifications or changes that can be made still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, it is characterized in that:Including respectively The fixed component of arch both sides and orientation direction connecting component are fixed on, and the fixed component and orientation direction connecting component are same Axis, fixed component on the adjacent arch arch consistent and adjacent with the installation site of orientation direction connecting component, direction pass through Radius rod connects, and radius rod one end connects the fixed component of a Pin arches, and the other end connects determining for another Pin arches Position guiding connecting component, to realize assembled arch and assembled complete positioning between arch, fix;
The orientation direction connecting component, one end are horn-like circular connecting pipe, and the other end is tubular structure and is welded on arch On frame, and horn-like circular connecting pipe is hollow structure, and tubular structure is internally provided with a groove;
The rear end of the circular platform type end of the radius rod is equipped with positioning annular groove.
2. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as described in claim 1 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:The fixed component is screw fixing device, is welded on arch center side position.
3. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as described in claim 1 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:The orientation direction connecting component is welded on arch center side position, and coaxial with fixed component, goes out in pairs It is existing.
4. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as described in claim 1 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:The quantity of fixed component and orientation direction connecting component is according to live Grades of Surrounding Rock, tunnel cross-section in per Pin arches Size and/or arch size determine.
5. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as described in claim 1 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:The fixed component is hollow structure, and edge is provided with screw thread in hollow space.
6. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as described in claim 1 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:Described radius rod one end is provided with screw thread, is matched with the screw thread in fixed component, and the other end is circular platform type End is matched with the horn-like circular connecting pipe of orientation direction connecting component.
7. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as described in claim 1 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:The circular platform type end is moved into orientation direction attachment device, and clamp spring is in horn-like circular connecting pipe groove It is strutted by circular platform type end, when horn-like circular connecting pipe groove is opposite with radius rod groove, clamp spring is shunk, and longitudinal direction is fixed Position bar is locked with orientation direction attachment device relative position.
8. a kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction as claimed in claim 7 quickly positions one-above-the-other layout, It is characterized in that:The clamp spring is with round steel ring jaggy, and internal diameter is less than horn-like circular connecting pipe groove internal diameter, outside Diameter is more than horn-like circular connecting pipe groove internal diameter.
CN201610538558.4A 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 A kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout Active CN105971641B (en)

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CN201610538558.4A CN105971641B (en) 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 A kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610538558.4A CN105971641B (en) 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 A kind of tunnel confined concrete arch mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout
US15/767,157 US10415387B2 (en) 2016-07-08 2016-12-22 High-strength confined concrete support system for underground tunnel
PCT/CN2016/111551 WO2018006558A1 (en) 2016-07-08 2016-12-22 Confined high-strength concrete support system applicable to underground tunnel

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CN105971641B true CN105971641B (en) 2018-06-22

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522998B (en) * 2016-11-28 2019-12-24 山东大学 Longitudinal positioning and connecting device for underground engineering support arch centering and construction method
CN108119165B (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-08-27 山东大学 Underground engineering normalized assembled confined concrete arch Intelligent Installation method
CN108104832B (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-12-06 山东大学 underground engineering assembled confined concrete arch center and mechanized construction method
CN107701207B (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-08-20 山东天勤工程科技有限公司 Subterranean tunnel assembled arch support system and mechanized construction method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200967929Y (en) * 2006-11-16 2007-10-31 张有德 Regulating device for steel arch truss dome
CN202125300U (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-01-25 中铁隧道集团有限公司 U-shaped device for longitudinally connecting arch centers
CN202731940U (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-02-13 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Longitudinal connecting device for tunnel steel arch
CN204960951U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-01-13 中铁三局集团有限公司 Tunnel is a steel bow member transverse connection device for preliminary bracing
CN205225282U (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-11 山东科技大学 Supporting construction of longitudinal force between reinforcing bow member
CN205840894U (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-28 山东大学 A kind of tunnel confined concrete bow member mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200967929Y (en) * 2006-11-16 2007-10-31 张有德 Regulating device for steel arch truss dome
CN202125300U (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-01-25 中铁隧道集团有限公司 U-shaped device for longitudinally connecting arch centers
CN202731940U (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-02-13 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Longitudinal connecting device for tunnel steel arch
CN204960951U (en) * 2015-08-25 2016-01-13 中铁三局集团有限公司 Tunnel is a steel bow member transverse connection device for preliminary bracing
CN205225282U (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-11 山东科技大学 Supporting construction of longitudinal force between reinforcing bow member
CN205840894U (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-28 山东大学 A kind of tunnel confined concrete bow member mechanized construction quickly positions one-above-the-other layout

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