CN105971441B - Bedroom window intellectuality opening control system - Google Patents

Bedroom window intellectuality opening control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105971441B
CN105971441B CN201610420838.5A CN201610420838A CN105971441B CN 105971441 B CN105971441 B CN 105971441B CN 201610420838 A CN201610420838 A CN 201610420838A CN 105971441 B CN105971441 B CN 105971441B
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image
equipment
processing equipment
sub
bedroom
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CN105971441A (en
Inventor
唐加勇
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Foshan Rui Chong Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.
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Foshan Rui Chong Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510534165.1A priority Critical patent/CN105239875B/en
Priority to CN201610420838.5A priority patent/CN105971441B/en
Publication of CN105971441A publication Critical patent/CN105971441A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • E05F15/71Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to temperature changes, rain, wind or noise
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06TIMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL
    • G06T7/00Image analysis
    • G06T7/0002Inspection of images, e.g. flaw detection
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • E05F15/73Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to movement or presence of persons or objects
    • E05F2015/765Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to movement or presence of persons or objects using optical sensors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • E05F15/73Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to movement or presence of persons or objects
    • E05F2015/767Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to movement or presence of persons or objects using cameras
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06TIMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL
    • G06T2207/00Indexing scheme for image analysis or image enhancement
    • G06T2207/10Image acquisition modality
    • G06T2207/10048Infrared image
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06TIMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL
    • G06T2207/00Indexing scheme for image analysis or image enhancement
    • G06T2207/20Special algorithmic details
    • G06T2207/20172Image enhancement details
    • G06T2207/20192Edge enhancement; Edge preservation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06TIMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL
    • G06T2207/00Indexing scheme for image analysis or image enhancement
    • G06T2207/30Subject of image; Context of image processing
    • G06T2207/30196Human being; Person

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, including thermal infrared imager, Visible Light Camera, image processing equipment, window opener and embedded processing equipment, the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera all to bedroom indoor shot obtaining infrared image and visible images respectively, described image processing equipment is connected respectively with the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera, for carrying out image procossing respectively to the infrared image and the visible images, the embedded processing equipment is connected respectively with described image processing equipment and the window opener, processing result image based on described image processing equipment determines the unlatching strategy of the window opener.By means of the invention it is possible to be that bedroom internal body keeps suitable ventilated environment according to bedroom perspiring situation and the aperture of outdoor wind speed intelligentized control method bedroom window.

Description

Bedroom window intellectuality opening control system
It is August in 2015 27 days, entitled " bedroom that the present invention is the Application No. 201510534165.1, applying date The divisional application of the patent of window intellectuality opening control system ".
Technical field
The present invention relates to smart home field, more particularly to a kind of bedroom window intellectuality opening control system.
Background technology
For bedroom, its window is the important tool for determining room ventilation situation.The opening and closing of window and window are opened Degree determine interior temperature, humidity and room air quality.People within daytime, bedroom can voluntarily to window Family be opened and closed with open degree control, or even on daytime, possible nobody rests in bedroom, but at night, general bedroom Inside all there is personnel's rest, and personnel are in sleep state, it is impossible to window is controlled, at this moment can only be before sleep by window Family control flexibly cannot enter in sleep in two states of opening and closing according to outdoor wind speed and the indoor occupant degree of sweating The opening and closing of row window and open degree are controlled.
In the prior art, degree is sweat to bedroom according to outdoor wind speed and indoor occupant when and being slept soundly in the absence of bedroom personnel Window carries out the intelligent scheme for opening control, so easilys lead to problems with:(1) indoor occupant is sweat a lot, but window Family is constantly in closed mode;(2) indoor occupant is not sweat, but window is constantly in open mode;(3) window can not be according to room The opening degree at outer wind speed automatic control window family.Above-mentioned situation all can cause certain in bedroom in dormant personnel Discomfort, may cause to suffer from cold when serious or heatstroke situation occurs.
Therefore, the present invention proposes a kind of bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, can be when bedroom personnel sleep soundly According to outdoor wind speed and indoor occupant sweat degree bedroom window is carried out it is intelligent open control so that in bedroom in sleeping The personnel of dormancy state provide a good sleep environment.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the technical problem of prior art presence, controlled the invention provides a kind of intelligent unlatching of bedroom window System, determines the open and close of thermal infrared imager and Visible Light Camera according to ambient brightness first, no matter to ensure any In the case of ambient brightness, there is suitable image capture device, then, using outdoor wind speed detector and with adaptive threshold The image processing equipment of splicing mechanism is realized being sweat the intelligence that degree carries out bedroom window according to outdoor wind speed and indoor occupant Melt and open control, so as to the personnel in sleep with splendid body-sensing comfort level.
According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, the control system It is described infrared including thermal infrared imager, Visible Light Camera, image processing equipment, window opener and embedded processing equipment Thermal imaging system and the Visible Light Camera all to bedroom indoor shot obtaining infrared image and visible images, described image respectively Processing equipment is connected respectively with the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera, for the infrared image and described visible Light image carries out image procossing, the embedded processing equipment and described image processing equipment and the window opener respectively Connect respectively, the processing result image based on described image processing equipment determines the unlatching strategy of the window opener.
More specifically, in bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, also including:Room brilliancy sensor, if Put in bedroom, for real-time detection and export the ambient brightness inside bedroom;Outdoor wind speed detector, is arranged on outside bedroom Exterior wall on, for detecting and export the real-time wind speed outside bedroom;Power supply unit, is arranged on the exterior wall outside bedroom, bag Include solar powered device, commercial power interface, switching switch and electric pressure converter, the switching switch and the solar energy electric supplier Part and the commercial power interface are connected respectively, decide whether to be switched to the solar energy according to the line voltage size at commercial power interface Power supply device is powered with by the solar powered device, and the electric pressure converter is connected with the switching switch, will pass through The 5V voltage conversions of switching switch input are 3.3V voltages;Static memory, for prestoring luminance threshold, human body gray scale threshold Value scope and presetted pixel amount threshold;Described image processing equipment is distinguished with the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera Connection, for receiving infrared image or visible images as detection image;Described image processing equipment is located in advance including image Managing sub- equipment, threshold value selects sub- equipment, the sub- equipment of human body segmentation and sweat to extract sub- equipment;Described image pre-processes sub- equipment pair The detection image performs edge enhancing treatment, wavelet filtering treatment, image expansion treatment, Image erosion treatment and gray scale successively Change is processed, to obtain gray level image;The threshold value selects sub- equipment with the static memory and described image pretreatment Equipment is connected respectively, for selecting a value as pre-selection gray threshold from the human body gray threshold scope successively, is used Gray level image is divided into pre-selection background area and pre-selected target region by pre-selection gray threshold, is calculated pre-selection background area and is occupied The area ratio of gray level image is used as background area ratio, and the pixel average gray value for calculating pre-selection background area is flat as background Equal gray value, calculates pre-selected target region and occupies the area ratio of gray level image as target area ratio, calculates pre-selected target Background average gray value is subtracted the overall average of gray level image as target average gray value for the pixel average gray value in region Gray value, the difference of acquisition square is multiplied by background area ratio to obtain the first product, and target average gray value is subtracted into gray processing The overall average gray value of image, the difference of acquisition square is multiplied by target area ratio to obtain the second product, by the first sum of products Two product additions select and are worth the pre-selection gray threshold of maximum as target gray threshold value to obtain and be worth;The human body segmentation Sub- equipment selects sub- equipment to be connected with the threshold value, for gray level image to be divided into background image using target gray threshold value And human body image;The sweat extracts sub- equipment and is connected respectively with the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the static memory, from Each sweat subgraph for meeting sweat form is extracted in human body image, the pixel summation added up in each sweat subgraph, when When the pixel summation for obtaining is more than presetted pixel amount threshold, judge that human body has sweat and output has sweat signal, when When the pixel summation for arriving is less than or equal to presetted pixel amount threshold, human body is judged in the absence of sweat and is exported in the absence of sweat letter Number;It is the embedded processing equipment and the thermal infrared imager, the Visible Light Camera, the room brilliancy sensor, described Outdoor wind speed detector, the static memory, described image processing equipment and the window opener are connected respectively, when connecing When the ambient brightness for receiving is less than or equal to luminance threshold, opens the thermal infrared imager and simultaneously close the Visible Light Camera, when connecing When the ambient brightness for receiving is more than luminance threshold, closes the thermal infrared imager and open the Visible Light Camera;The insertion Also there is sweat signal receiving in formula processing equipment, opening for the window opener is determined according to the real-time wind speed for receiving Open strategy;Wherein, in described image processing equipment, using infrared image, used as before detection image, infrared image is carried out can See that light formula image is changed, using the image after conversion as detection image;The unlatching strategy tool that the embedded processing equipment determines Body includes:The embedded processing equipment controls the window opener so that the window opener control window Aperture is inversely proportional with real-time wind speed;The static memory has prestored the wind speed aperture table of comparisons, the wind speed aperture control Table gives the mapping relations of each wind speed range and window aperture, and the embedded processing equipment is according to the wind speed aperture The table of comparisons causes that the aperture of the window opener control window is inversely proportional with real-time wind speed.
More specifically, in bedroom window intellectuality opening control system:It is described image processing equipment, described infrared Thermal imaging system and the Visible Light Camera are integrated on one piece of surface-mounted integrated circuit.
More specifically, in bedroom window intellectuality opening control system:Described image pre-processes sub- equipment, described Threshold value selects sub- equipment, the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the sweat to extract the FPGA cores that sub- equipment is respectively adopted different model Piece is realized.
More specifically, in bedroom window intellectuality opening control system:Described image pre-processes sub- equipment, described Threshold value selects sub- equipment, the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the sweat to extract sub- equipment and is integrated in same fpga chip In.
More specifically, in bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, the control system also includes:Display sets It is standby, it is connected with the embedded processing equipment, for receiving and show the ambient brightness and the real-time wind speed.
Brief description of the drawings
Embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the block diagram of the bedroom window intellectuality opening control system according to embodiment of the present invention.
Reference:1 thermal infrared imager;2 Visible Light Cameras;3 image processing equipments;4 window openers;5 is embedded Processing equipment
Specific embodiment
The embodiment to bedroom window of the invention intellectuality opening control system is carried out in detail below with reference to accompanying drawings Explanation.
Bedroom window is the important component of indoor and outdoor temperature and humidity of divulging information, balance.In the prior art, it is necessary to people oneself The unlatching of bedroom window is carried out according to body-sensing situation, is closed and open degree degree, but once people enter sleep state, just Cannot realize that these are controlled.
In order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, the present invention has built a kind of bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, using vision The mode of apparatus control, even if sleeping indoor occupant is in sleep state, flexibly can also sweat according to outdoor wind speed and indoor occupant Degree carries out the opening and closing and open degree control of window.
Fig. 1 is the block diagram of the bedroom window intellectuality opening control system according to embodiment of the present invention, The control system sets including thermal infrared imager, Visible Light Camera, image processing equipment, window opener and embedded processing Standby, the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera all to bedroom indoor shot obtaining infrared image and visible ray figure respectively Picture, described image processing equipment is connected respectively with the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera, for the infrared figure Picture and the visible images carry out image procossing respectively, the embedded processing equipment and described image processing equipment and described Window opener is connected respectively, and the processing result image based on described image processing equipment determines the window opener Open strategy.
Then, continue to carry out further the concrete structure of bedroom window of the invention intellectuality opening control system It is bright.
The control system also includes:Room brilliancy sensor, is arranged in bedroom, for real-time detection and exports bedroom Internal ambient brightness.
The control system also includes:Outdoor wind speed detector, is arranged on the exterior wall outside bedroom, for detect and it is defeated The real-time wind speed gone out outside bedroom.
The control system also includes:Power supply unit, is arranged on the exterior wall outside bedroom, including solar energy electric supplier Part, commercial power interface, switching switch and electric pressure converter, the switching switch connect with the solar powered device and the civil power Mouth is connected respectively, decides whether to be switched to the solar powered device with by institute according to the line voltage size at commercial power interface State solar powered device to power, the electric pressure converter is connected with the switching switch, by by switching switch input 5V voltage conversions are 3.3V voltages.
The control system also includes:Static memory, for prestore luminance threshold, human body gray threshold scope and Presetted pixel amount threshold.
Described image processing equipment is connected respectively with the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera, infrared for receiving Image or visible images are as detection image;Described image processing equipment includes that the sub- equipment of image preprocessing, threshold value are selected Sub- equipment, the sub- equipment of human body segmentation and sweat extract sub- equipment.
Described image pre-process sub- equipment the detection image is performed successively edge enhancing treatment, wavelet filtering treatment, Image expansion treatment, Image erosion treatment and gray processing treatment, to obtain gray level image.
The threshold value selects sub- equipment to be connected respectively with the static memory and the sub- equipment of described image pretreatment, is used for A value is selected from the human body gray threshold scope successively as pre-selection gray threshold, using pre-selection gray threshold by gray scale Change image and be divided into pre-selection background area and pre-selected target region, calculate the area ratio that pre-selection background area occupies gray level image Example calculates the pixel average gray value of pre-selection background area as background average gray value as background area ratio, calculates pre-selection Target area occupies the area ratio of gray level image as target area ratio, calculates the pixel average gray in pre-selected target region Background average gray value is subtracted the overall average gray value of gray level image as target average gray value for value, the difference of acquisition Square background area ratio is multiplied by obtain the first product, target average gray value is subtracted the overall average gray scale of gray level image Value, the difference of acquisition square is multiplied by target area ratio to obtain the second product, by first the second product addition of sum of products obtaining And value, selection and the maximum pre-selection gray threshold of value are used as target gray threshold value.
The sub- equipment of human body segmentation selects sub- equipment to be connected with the threshold value, for using target gray threshold value by gray scale Change image and be divided into background image and human body image.
The sweat extracts sub- equipment and is connected respectively with the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the static memory, from human body Extracted in image and meet each sweat subgraph of sweat form, the pixel summation added up in each sweat subgraph, when obtaining Pixel summation be more than presetted pixel amount threshold when, judge human body exist sweat and export there is sweat signal, when what is obtained When pixel summation is less than or equal to presetted pixel amount threshold, human body is judged in the absence of sweat and is exported in the absence of sweat signal.
The embedded processing equipment and the thermal infrared imager, the Visible Light Camera, the room brilliancy sensor, The outdoor wind speed detector, the static memory, described image processing equipment and the window opener are connected respectively, When the ambient brightness for receiving is less than or equal to luminance threshold, opens the thermal infrared imager and close the Visible Light Camera, When the ambient brightness for receiving is more than luminance threshold, closes the thermal infrared imager and open the Visible Light Camera.It is described Also there is sweat signal receiving in embedded processing equipment, the window opener is determined according to the real-time wind speed for receiving Unlatching strategy.
Wherein, in described image processing equipment, using infrared image, used as before detection image, infrared image is carried out can See that light formula image is changed, using the image after conversion as detection image;The unlatching strategy tool that the embedded processing equipment determines Body includes:The embedded processing equipment controls the window opener so that the window opener control window Aperture is inversely proportional with real-time wind speed;The static memory has prestored the wind speed aperture table of comparisons, the wind speed aperture control Table gives the mapping relations of each wind speed range and window aperture, and the embedded processing equipment is according to the wind speed aperture The table of comparisons causes that the aperture of the window opener control window is inversely proportional with real-time wind speed.
Alternatively, in the control system:Described image processing equipment, the thermal infrared imager and the visible ray phase Machine is integrated on one piece of surface-mounted integrated circuit;Described image pre-processes sub- equipment, the threshold value and selects sub- equipment, the human body point Cut sub- equipment and the sweat and extract sub- equipment and the fpga chip of different model is respectively adopted to realize;Described image pretreatment Equipment, the threshold value select sub- equipment, the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the sweat to extract sub- equipment and are integrated in same In fpga chip;The control system can also include:Display device, is connected, with the embedded processing equipment for receiving And show the ambient brightness and the real-time wind speed.
In addition, FPGA (Field-Programmable Gate Array), i.e. field programmable gate array, he be The product further developed on the basis of the programming devices such as PAL, GAL, CPLD.He is led as application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) A kind of semi-custom circuit in domain and occur, both solved the deficiency of custom circuit, original programming device door is overcome again The limited shortcoming of circuit number.
With the circuit design that hardware description language (Verilog or VHDL) is completed, can be by simple synthesis and cloth Office, is quickly burned onto on FPGA and is tested, and is the technology main flow of modern IC designs checking.These editable elements can be by For realize some basic logic gates (such as AND, OR, XOR, NOT) or more more complicated combination function such as Decoder or mathematical equation.Inside most FPGA, also for example touched comprising memory cell in these editable elements Hair device (Flip-flop) or other more complete block of memory.System designer can be as desired by editable company Connect the logical block inside FPGA to couple together, just look like that a breadboard has been placed in a chip.One dispatches from the factory The logical block of finished product FPGA afterwards and connection can change according to designer, so FPGA can complete required logic work( Energy.
Speed of the FPGA in general than ASIC (application specific integrated circuit) is slow, realizes same function than ASIC circuit face Product is big.But they also have the advantages that it is many such as can quick finished product, the mistake that can be modified in correction program and Less expensive cost.Manufacturer is likely to the FPGA of the still edit capability difference that can provide cheap.Because these chips have poor Editable ability, so these design exploitations be on common FPGA complete, design is then transferred to a class It is similar on the chip of ASIC.Another method is with CPLD (Complex Programmable Logic Device, complexity PLD).The exploitation of FPGA is very different relative to the exploitation of traditional PC, single-chip microcomputer.FPGA is with concurrent operation Based on, realized with hardware description language;Compared to PC or single-chip microcomputer (either von Neumann structure or Harvard structure) Order operation has very big difference.
Early in 1980 mid-nineties 90s, FPGA takes root in PLD equipment.CPLD and FPGA include some relatively large numbers The Programmadle logic unit of amount.The density of CPLD gates is between thousands of to tens of thousands of logic units, and FPGA is typically It is tens of thousands of to millions of.The main distinction of CPLD and FPGA is their system architecture.CPLD is a somewhat restricted structure. This structure is by the logical groups row of one or more editable result sum and the register of the locking of some relatively small amounts Composition.Such result is a lack of editing flexibility, but but have it is anticipated that time delay and logic unit it is single to connection The advantage of first height ratio.And FPGA is that have many connection units, although so allowing him can more flexibly to edit, Structure is complicated more.
Using bedroom window of the invention intellectuality opening control system, for bedroom personnel in the prior art in sleep shape Window uncontrollable technical problem during state, introduces luminance sensor and air velocity transducer and using adaptivenon-uniform sampling threshold value Image processing equipment, realizes carrying out bedroom window according to outdoor wind speed and indoor occupant degree of sweating when bedroom personnel sleep soundly Intelligent open control.
Although it is understood that the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, but above-described embodiment and being not used to Limit the present invention.For any those of ordinary skill in the art, in the case where technical solution of the present invention ambit is not departed from, Many possible variations and modification are all made to technical solution of the present invention using the technology contents of the disclosure above, or is revised as With the Equivalent embodiments of change.Therefore, every content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to technical spirit pair of the invention Any simple modification, equivalent variation and modification made for any of the above embodiments, still fall within the scope of technical solution of the present invention protection It is interior.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of bedroom window intellectuality opening control system, the control system includes thermal infrared imager, Visible Light Camera, figure As processing equipment, window opener and embedded processing equipment, the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera are all to sleeping Room indoor shot obtaining infrared image and visible images, described image processing equipment and the thermal infrared imager and institute respectively Visible Light Camera is stated to connect respectively, it is described for carrying out image procossing respectively to the infrared image and the visible images Embedded processing equipment is connected respectively with described image processing equipment and the window opener, is set based on described image treatment Standby processing result image determines the unlatching strategy of the window opener;
Characterized in that, the control system also includes:
Room brilliancy sensor, is arranged in bedroom, for real-time detection and exports the ambient brightness inside bedroom;
Outdoor wind speed detector, is arranged on the exterior wall outside bedroom, for detecting and exports the real-time wind speed outside bedroom;
Power supply unit, is arranged on the exterior wall outside bedroom, including solar powered device, commercial power interface, switching switch and electricity Pressure converter, the switching switch is connected respectively with the solar powered device and the commercial power interface, according to commercial power interface The line voltage size at place decides whether that be switched to the solar powered device powers with by the solar powered device, institute State electric pressure converter to be connected with the switching switch, that will be 3.3V voltages by switching the 5V voltage conversions of switch input;
Static memory, for prestoring luminance threshold, human body gray threshold scope and presetted pixel amount threshold;
Described image processing equipment is connected respectively with the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera, for receiving infrared image Or visible images are as detection image;Described image processing equipment includes that the sub- equipment of image preprocessing, threshold value selection set The sub- equipment of standby, human body segmentation and sweat extract sub- equipment;Described image pre-processes sub- equipment and the detection image is performed successively Edge enhancing treatment, wavelet filtering treatment, image expansion treatment, Image erosion treatment and gray processing treatment, to obtain gray processing Image;The threshold value selects sub- equipment to pre-process sub- equipment with the static memory and described image to be connected respectively, for according to It is secondary that a value is selected from the human body gray threshold scope as pre-selection gray threshold, using pre-selection gray threshold by gray processing Image is divided into pre-selection background area and pre-selected target region, calculates the area ratio that pre-selection background area occupies gray level image As background area ratio, the pixel average gray value of pre-selection background area is calculated as background average gray value, calculate pre-selection mesh Mark region occupies the area ratio of gray level image as target area ratio, calculates the pixel average gray value in pre-selected target region As target average gray value, background average gray value subtracts the overall average gray value of gray level image, the difference of acquisition it is flat Background area ratio is multiplied by obtain the first product in side, and target average gray value is subtracted the overall average gray value of gray level image, The difference of acquisition square is multiplied by target area ratio to obtain the second product, by first the second product addition of sum of products obtaining and Value, selection and the maximum pre-selection gray threshold of value are used as target gray threshold value;The sub- equipment of human body segmentation is selected with the threshold value Sub- equipment connection is selected, for gray level image to be divided into background image and human body image using target gray threshold value;The sweat Water extracts sub- equipment and is connected respectively with the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the static memory, is extracted from human body image and met Each sweat subgraph of sweat form, the pixel summation added up in each sweat subgraph, when the pixel summation for obtaining is more than During presetted pixel amount threshold, judge human body exist sweat and output there is sweat signal, when the pixel summation for obtaining less than etc. When presetted pixel amount threshold, human body is judged in the absence of sweat and is exported in the absence of sweat signal;
It is the embedded processing equipment and the thermal infrared imager, the Visible Light Camera, the room brilliancy sensor, described Outdoor wind speed detector, the static memory, described image processing equipment and the window opener are connected respectively, when connecing When the ambient brightness for receiving is less than or equal to luminance threshold, opens the thermal infrared imager and simultaneously close the Visible Light Camera, when connecing When the ambient brightness for receiving is more than luminance threshold, closes the thermal infrared imager and open the Visible Light Camera;The insertion Also there is sweat signal receiving in formula processing equipment, opening for the window opener is determined according to the real-time wind speed for receiving Open strategy;
Wherein, in described image processing equipment, as before detection image, infrared image visible ray is carried out into using infrared image Formula image is changed, using the image after conversion as detection image;
Wherein, the unlatching strategy that the embedded processing equipment determines is specifically included:The embedded processing equipment control is described Window opener so that the aperture of the window opener control window is inversely proportional with real-time wind speed;
Wherein, the static memory has prestored the wind speed aperture table of comparisons, and the wind speed aperture table of comparisons gives each The mapping relations of individual wind speed range and window aperture, the embedded processing equipment causes institute according to the wind speed aperture table of comparisons The aperture for stating window opener control window is inversely proportional with real-time wind speed;
Described image processing equipment, the thermal infrared imager and the Visible Light Camera are integrated on one piece of surface-mounted integrated circuit;
Described image pre-processes sub- equipment, the threshold value and selects sub- equipment, the sub- equipment of the human body segmentation and the sweat to extract Sub- equipment is respectively adopted the fpga chip of different model to realize.
CN201610420838.5A 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Bedroom window intellectuality opening control system Active CN105971441B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510534165.1A CN105239875B (en) 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Intelligent opening control system for bedroom window
CN201610420838.5A CN105971441B (en) 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Bedroom window intellectuality opening control system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610420838.5A CN105971441B (en) 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Bedroom window intellectuality opening control system

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510534165.1A Division CN105239875B (en) 2015-08-27 2015-08-27 Intelligent opening control system for bedroom window

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CN105971441A CN105971441A (en) 2016-09-28
CN105971441B true CN105971441B (en) 2017-06-13

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