CN105970683A - Dyeing and finishing process of doskin elastic fabric - Google Patents

Dyeing and finishing process of doskin elastic fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105970683A
CN105970683A CN201610349432.2A CN201610349432A CN105970683A CN 105970683 A CN105970683 A CN 105970683A CN 201610349432 A CN201610349432 A CN 201610349432A CN 105970683 A CN105970683 A CN 105970683A
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dyeing
doskin
elastic fabric
dye
temperature
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CN105970683B (en
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刘艳红
王秀娣
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Large Dyehouse Zibo Silk Group Co ltd
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Large Dyehouse Zibo Silk Group Co ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/38General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/36General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using mordant dyes ; using metallisable dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/653Nitrogen-free carboxylic acids or their salts
    • D06P1/6533Aliphatic, araliphatic or cycloaliphatic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/673Inorganic compounds
    • D06P1/67333Salts or hydroxides
    • D06P1/6735Salts or hydroxides of alkaline or alkaline-earth metals with anions different from those provided for in D06P1/67341
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/02Material containing basic nitrogen
    • D06P3/04Material containing basic nitrogen containing amide groups
    • D06P3/046Material containing basic nitrogen containing amide groups using metallisable or mordant dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/02Material containing basic nitrogen
    • D06P3/04Material containing basic nitrogen containing amide groups
    • D06P3/10Material containing basic nitrogen containing amide groups using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/02Material containing basic nitrogen
    • D06P3/04Material containing basic nitrogen containing amide groups
    • D06P3/24Polyamides; Polyurethanes
    • D06P3/245Polyamides; Polyurethanes using metallisable or mordant dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/02Material containing basic nitrogen
    • D06P3/04Material containing basic nitrogen containing amide groups
    • D06P3/24Polyamides; Polyurethanes
    • D06P3/248Polyamides; Polyurethanes using reactive dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/82Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres
    • D06P3/8204Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature
    • D06P3/8209Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature mixtures of fibres containing amide groups

Abstract

The invention provides a dyeing and finishing process of a doskin elastic fabric, belonging to the technical field of doskin elastic fabric dyeing and finishing. The dyeing and finishing process comprises the following steps: 1) first dyeing-2) hot water washing-3) temperature raising and water washing-4) pH regulating-5) second dyeing-6) water washing at normal temperature-7) pH regulating-8) dyeing and finishing, wherein in the step 1) of first dyeing, first dye liquor which comprises 0.5-8%owf of reactive dye, 40-80g/l of anhydrous sodium sulfate, 4-10g/l of sodium carbonate and water and has pH value of 10-11 is adopted for dyeing; in the step 5) of second dyeing, second dye liquor which comprises 0.5-5%owf of neutral dye, acetic acid and water and has pH value of 3-4 is adopted for dyeing. The dyeing and finishing process has the beneficial effects that the problem that the doskin elastic fabric has poorer union dyeing property can be solved; the color yield consistency of silk fibers and polyamide fibers in the obtained fabric is high.

Description

A kind of dyeing and finishing technology of doskin elastic fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to the dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric, belong to doskin elastic fabric dyeing and finishing technique field.
Background technology
Silkworm silk is to integrate fiber light, soft, carefully in nature, is known as " fiber queen ".Chinlon has Memorability Good, wear-resisting, with a good drape effect advantage.The fabric that silkworm silk and chinlon intertexture obtain has merged the advantage of silkworm silk and chinlon cleverly, makes The elite of two combines together.Both embodied luxurious, the fashion of silkworm silk, next to the skin, comfortable, remained again that chinlon is wear-resisting, good springiness Advantage.Effectively solve the easy wrinkle of silk fabric, the shortcoming of poor dimensional stability, improve the durability of product.
Applicant finds under study for action, and in prior art, first the dyeing and finishing for doskin elastic fabric there is problems in that, There is silk fiber and the problem of nylon fibre homochromatism difference in gained doskin elastic fabric in existing dyeing, owing to reality is raw The modes using client's processing according to investor's samples in product, this problem can cause the doskin elastic fabric of gained to exist with the sample room of client more Aberration, the problem of this aberration shows when upper dye is dark especially prominent, brings bigger economic loss to enterprise and client.Its Secondary, it is found by the applicant that the doskin elastic fabric that prior art obtains exists the problem that fabric width is unstable, cause every doskin elastic force The fabric width error of fabric is big, and and between error big, it is difficult to meet customer requirement.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that the dye of a kind of doskin elastic fabric Whole technique, the dyeing and finishing technology of this doskin elastic fabric can solve the problem that the problem that doskin elastic fabric dyeing homochromatism is poor, gained In fabric, the Dry Sack concordance of silk fiber and nylon fibre is high.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the dyeing and finishing technology of this doskin elastic fabric, and it is special Levy and be, comprise the steps: 1) dyeing 2 for the first time) hot water wash 3) intensification washing 4) regulation pH 5) second time dye Color 6) room temperature washing 7) regulation pH 8) dry finishing;
1) dyeing for the first time: dyeing temperature 60 ~ 63 DEG C, dyeing time 2.5 ~ 3.5 hours, is immersed in the first dye by doskin elastic fabric Dyeing in liquid, dyeing time terminates to get rid of waste liquid;First dye liquor comprise reactive dye 0.05 ~ 8% owf, Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 40 ~ 80g/l, Soda 4 ~ 10g/l and water, dye liquor pH is 10 ~ 11;
4) regulation pH: regulation doskin elastic fabric pH value is 6 ~ 7;
5) second time dyeing: be immersed in the second dye liquor by doskin elastic fabric, uses intensification dyeing to be warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C, 95 ~ 98 DEG C are dyeed 40 ~ 50 minutes, and dyeing terminates to get rid of waste liquid;Second dye liquor comprises neutral dye 0.05 ~ 5%owf, acetic acid and water, dye Liquid pH3 ~ 4;
7) regulation pH: regulation doskin elastic fabric pH value is 4 ~ 7;
Described doskin elastic fabric is to be interweaved by silk fiber and nylon fibre with obtaining;
Reactive dye described in step 1) are the reactive dye containing double chloro-s-triazine active groups;Neutral dye described in step 6) Material is 1:2 type premetallized dye.
The concrete operations of the regulation pH described in step 4) and step 7) are: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH tune of 5 ~ 25 DEG C In joint liquid, pH regulator liquid comprises 0.5 ~ 3g/l acetic acid and water.Preferably, pH regulator liquid comprises 1 ~ 2g/l acetic acid and water.
The dyeing concrete operations that are immersed in the first dye liquor by doskin elastic fabric described in step 1) are: add activity in water Dyestuff, stirring, dipping doskin elastic fabric also starts timing, within the 30th ~ 35 minute, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus, within the 50th ~ 60 minute, adds Enter ground caustic.
The concrete operations of the dyeing that heats up described in step 5) are: use 0.2 ~ 1 DEG C of programming rate per minute, contaminate second Liquid is warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C from 40 DEG C.
Step 2) concrete operations of hot water wash are: use 50 ~ 55 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 ~ 4 roads.
The concrete operations of step 3) intensification washing are: use 90 ~ 95 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 ~ 4 roads;Or, use 90 ~ 95 DEG C of water, add 1 ~ 2g/l soaping agent and soap, after discharging waste liquid, use 95 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 ~ 4 roads.
The concrete operations of step 6) room temperature washing are: use 10 ~ 40 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 ~ 4 roads.
The concrete operations of step 8) dry finishing are: dried by doskin elastic fabric, dry temperature 100 ~ 115 DEG C, dry Speed 18 ~ 25 ms/min;Doskin elastic fabric low temperature is carried out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 95 ~ 105 DEG C, speed 25 ~ 35 meters/ Minute;By the doskin elastic fabric whole latitude of high temperature tentering, temperature 185 ~ 200 DEG C, speed 22 ~ 28 ms/min.
The concrete operations of step 8) dry finishing are: dried by doskin elastic fabric, dry temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dry Speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min;Doskin elastic fabric low temperature is carried out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 99 ~ 101 DEG C, speed 29 ~ 31 meters/ Minute;By the doskin elastic fabric whole latitude of high temperature tentering, temperature 194 ~ 196 DEG C, speed 24 ~ 26 ms/min.
The description of the invention is as follows:
Applicant finds under study for action: using silk fiber and nylon fibre in doskin elastic fabric, silk fiber is natural fibre Dimension, nylon fibre is chemical fibre, and the classification of two kinds of fibers exists notable difference, and dyeing condition existence is clearly distinguished from, and how to make Silk fiber in fabric is consistent with nylon fibre Dry Sack is the problem mainly needing to overcome.Applicant determines through numerous studies: Use two-bath process, first in the basic conditions silk fiber is dyeed with reactive dye in step 1), then in step 5) with neutral dye in acid condition to nylon dyeing in.Applicant finds 1 under study for action) dyeing and 5 for the first time) for the second time The step of dyeing can not be exchanged, and neutral dye coloured light is dark, and chinlon is had a certain degree of by reactive dye in the basic conditions Staining, can not successfully dye after exchange.When final gained fabric dyeing light color and dark color, silk fiber and nylon fibre Dry Sack one Causing, the dark fabric consistent especially for being difficult to Dry Sack, dyeing fabric homochromatism obtains and significantly improves.The doskin bullet of the present invention Power fabric is to be interweaved by silk fiber and nylon fibre with obtaining, and interweaves and refers to use silk fiber and nylon fibre respectively as warp Line and parallel.Neutral dye described in step 6) is 1:2 type premetallized dye.1:2 type premetallized dye refers in molecule Dye molecule containing coordinated metal atom contains the dyestuff of coordinated metal atom.Preferably, this 1:2 type premetallized dye Belonging to neutral dye, and without sulfonic group, water soluble, its dye product more can sun-proof and washable.
Wherein, %owf. is the abbreviation of " On Weight the fabric ", refer to concentration on the basis of fabric weight, phase Percentage ratio to fabric weight.G/l is concentration unit, and show to feed intake grams in every liter (l) water.Dyeing described in step 1) Time is to start timing in just doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the first dye liquor, until the time that dyeing terminates.2) hot water wash, 3) Heat up washing, 4) regulation pH, 6) room temperature washing and 7) regulation pH operation terminate after, all carry out discharge waste liquid routine operation. 2) hot water wash, 3) heat up washing and 6) room temperature washing described in road refer to washing times.Preferably, pH regulator liquid comprise 1 ~ 2g/l acetic acid and water.Before step 1) operation, doskin elastic fabric need to carry out pre-treatment, pre-treatment use silk fabric or real silk with The conventional pretreatment mode of chemical fibre interwoven fabric processes.
Applicant finds under study for action: be different from other fabrics, and doskin elastic fabric is elastic big, has stronger stretching Property, in prior art in dry finishing step, owing to drying, temperature is unreasonable, it is unreasonable to arrange temperature, causes doskin elastic force After fabric arranges under himself elastic force, fabric width changes greatly, and in whole fabric, fabric width is unstable, occurs " narrow during width during fabric width " Problem.Applicant devises drying temperature 100 ~ 115 DEG C, dries speed 18 ~ 25 ms/min, be preferably dry temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dry speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min, and devise first 95 ~ 105 DEG C of whole latitudes of low temperature tentering, then 185 ~ 200 DEG C of high temperature tenterings The mode of whole latitude, reduces the fabric width change during whole latitude of the doskin elastic fabric, and final gained doskin elastic fabric fabric width is by mistake Difference is little, can reach zero error.
Compared with prior art, the dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric of the present invention is had the beneficial effect that
1, the dyeing and finishing technology of this doskin elastic fabric can solve the problem that the problem that doskin elastic fabric dyeing homochromatism is poor.Gained silk Silk fiber and the Dry Sack concordance of nylon fibre in brocade elastic fabric, when upper dye dark color and light color, the equal no color differnece of visual observations, Meet the market demand.
2, the fabric width of the dyeing and finishing technology gained doskin elastic fabric of this doskin elastic fabric is stable, solves doskin elastic force face The problem that after the elastic big arrangement of material, fabric width is inconsistent, gained doskin elastic fabric fabric width error is little, meets the market demand.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1 ~ 3 is the detailed description of the invention of the dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric of the present invention, wherein implements Example 1 is most preferred embodiment.Soaping agent used by embodiment 1 ~ 3 is 630 detergents, big dyehouse silk company limited of manufacturer;Real Executing Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus used by example 1 ~ 3 is that ocean, Hongze Chemical Co., Ltd. produces;Soda used by embodiment 1 ~ 3 is the limited public affairs of Shandong seaization The sodium carbonate that department produces.Reactive dye used by embodiment 1 are the HE type reactive dye that TaiWan, China light forever produces, embodiment 2 institute Being the HF type reactive dye that SUMITOMO CHEMICAL produces with reactive dye, reactive dye used by embodiment 3 are the HF that SUMITOMO CHEMICAL produces Type reactive dye.Neutral dye used by embodiment 1 ~ 3 be Yorkshire produce 1:2 type premetallized dye, this 1:2 type metal Complex dyestuff does not contains sulfonic group.Device step 1 used by embodiment 1 ~ 3) dyeing for the first time uses the normal of Wuxi vertical production forever Normal temperature and pressure dye gigging equipment, step 5) second time dyeing uses the Wuxi vertical normal temperature and pressure equipment produced forever.Step 8) dry finishing Use the three roller drying equipment that the grand great waves in Zhejiang produce.
Embodiment 1
Doskin elastic fabric is to be interweaved by silk fiber and nylon fibre with obtaining, and thickness 14mm contaminates black, grasps according to the following steps Make:
1) dyeing for the first time: dyeing temperature 60 DEG C, dyeing time 3 hours;Xiang Shuizhong adds reactive dye, stirs, dipping Doskin elastic fabric also starts timing, within the 30th minute, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus, within the 50th minute, adds ground caustic, it is thus achieved that the first dye liquor, dyeing Time terminates to get rid of waste liquid;First dye liquor comprises reactive dye 8% owf, Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 60g/l, soda 8g/l and water, and dye liquor pH is 10~11;
2) hot water wash: use 50 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 roads;
3) heat up washing: uses 90 ~ 95 DEG C of water, adds 1 ~ 2g/l soaping agent and soaps, after discharging waste liquid, uses 95 DEG C of water to enter Row washing, washes 2 ~ 4 roads;
4) regulation pH: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C, and pH regulator liquid comprises 2g/l acetic acid and water, regulation Doskin elastic fabric pH value is 7;
5) second time dyeing: be immersed in the second dye liquor by doskin elastic fabric, use 0.2 ~ 1 DEG C of programming rate per minute, will Second dye liquor is warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C from 40 DEG C, then keeps the second dye liquor temperature 95 ~ 98 DEG C to dye 40 ~ 50 minutes, and dyeing terminates Get rid of waste liquid;Second dye liquor comprises neutral dye 2.5%owf, acetic acid and water, dye liquor pH3 ~ 4;
6) room temperature washing: use 10 ~ 40 DEG C of water to wash, washes 2 ~ 4 roads;
7) regulation pH: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C, and pH regulator liquid comprises 2g/l acetic acid and water, regulation Doskin elastic fabric pH value is 4 ~ 7;
8) dry finishing: dried by doskin elastic fabric, dries temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dries speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min;By silk Brocade elastic fabric low temperature carries out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 99 ~ 101 DEG C, speed 29 ~ 31 ms/min;Doskin elastic fabric is high The temperature whole latitude of tentering, temperature 194 ~ 196 DEG C, speed 24 ~ 26 ms/min.
Embodiment 2
Doskin elastic fabric is to be interweaved by silk fiber and nylon fibre with obtaining, thickness 12mm, and dye light gray is grasped according to the following steps Make:
1) dyeing for the first time: dyeing temperature 60 DEG C, dyeing time 3 hours;Xiang Shuizhong adds reactive dye, stirs, dipping Doskin elastic fabric also starts timing, within the 30th minute, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus, within the 55th minute, adds ground caustic, it is thus achieved that the first dye liquor, dyeing Time terminates to get rid of waste liquid;First dye liquor comprises reactive dye 0.4% owf, Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 40g/l, soda 5g/l and water, dye liquor pH It is 10 ~ 11;
2) hot water wash: use 50 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 roads;
3) heat up washing: uses 90 DEG C of water, adds 1 ~ 2g/l soaping agent and soaps, after discharging waste liquid, uses 90 DEG C of water to carry out Washing, washes 2 ~ 4 roads;
4) regulation pH: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C, and pH regulator liquid comprises 1g/l acetic acid and water, regulation Doskin elastic fabric pH value is 6.5;
5) second time dyeing: be immersed in the second dye liquor by doskin elastic fabric, use 0.2 ~ 1 DEG C of programming rate per minute, will Second dye liquor is warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C from 40 DEG C, then keeps the second dye liquor temperature 95 ~ 98 DEG C to dye 40 ~ 50 minutes, and dyeing terminates Get rid of waste liquid;Second dye liquor comprises neutral dye 2.5%owf, acetic acid and water, dye liquor pH3 ~ 4;
6) room temperature washing: use 10 ~ 40 DEG C of water to wash, washes 2 ~ 4 roads;
7) regulation pH: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C, and pH regulator liquid comprises 2g/l acetic acid and water, soaks Fabric 4 road, regulation doskin elastic fabric pH value is 4 ~ 7;
8) dry finishing: dried by doskin elastic fabric, dries temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dries speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min;By silk Brocade elastic fabric low temperature carries out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 99 ~ 101 DEG C, speed 29 ~ 31 ms/min;Doskin elastic fabric is high The temperature whole latitude of tentering, temperature 194 ~ 196 DEG C, speed 24 ~ 26 ms/min.
Embodiment 3
Doskin elastic fabric is to be interweaved by silk fiber and nylon fibre with obtaining, thickness 14mm, and dye coffee color is grasped according to the following steps Make:
1) dyeing for the first time: dyeing temperature 60 DEG C, dyeing time 3 hours;Xiang Shuizhong adds reactive dye, stirs, dipping Doskin elastic fabric also starts timing, within the 35th minute, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus, within the 50th minute, adds ground caustic, it is thus achieved that the first dye liquor, dyeing Time terminates to get rid of waste liquid;First dye liquor comprises reactive dye 1.5% owf, Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 70g/l, soda 8g/l and water, dye liquor pH It is 10 ~ 11;
2) hot water wash: use 50 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 roads;
3) heat up washing: uses 95 DEG C of water, adds 1 ~ 2g/l soaping agent and soaps, after discharging waste liquid, uses 95 DEG C of water to carry out Washing, washes 2 ~ 4 roads;
4) regulation pH: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C, and pH regulator liquid comprises 1 ~ 2g/l acetic acid and water, leaching Bubble fabric 3 road, regulation doskin elastic fabric pH value is 7;
5) second time dyeing: be immersed in the second dye liquor by doskin elastic fabric, use 0.2 ~ 1 DEG C of programming rate per minute, will Second dye liquor is warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C from 40 DEG C, then keeps the second dye liquor temperature 95 ~ 98 DEG C to dye 40 ~ 50 minutes, and dyeing terminates Get rid of waste liquid;Second dye liquor comprises neutral dye 0.375%owf, acetic acid and water, dye liquor pH3 ~ 4;
6) room temperature washing: use 10 ~ 40 DEG C of water to wash, washes 2 ~ 4 roads;
7) regulation pH: doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C, and pH regulator liquid comprises 2g/l acetic acid and water, regulation Doskin elastic fabric pH value is 4 ~ 7;
8) dry finishing: dried by doskin elastic fabric, dries temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dries speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min;By silk Brocade elastic fabric low temperature carries out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 99 ~ 101 DEG C, speed 29 ~ 31 ms/min;Doskin elastic fabric is high The temperature whole latitude of tentering, temperature 194 ~ 196 DEG C, speed 24 ~ 26 ms/min.
Comparative example 1
Fiber composition, thickness and the contaminated color of this comparative example doskin elastic fabric, with embodiment 2, operate according to the following steps:
Step 1) ~ 4) and the operation of step 8) with embodiment 1;Difference be that this comparative example does not carries out step 5) ~ 7) operation.
Comparative example 2
Fiber composition, thickness and the contaminated color of this comparative example doskin elastic fabric, with embodiment 1, operate according to the following steps:
Step 5) ~ 8) operation with embodiment 2;Difference be that this comparative example does not carries out step 1) ~ 4) operation.
Comparative example 3
Fiber composition, thickness and the contaminated color of this comparative example doskin elastic fabric, with embodiment 3, operate according to the following steps:
Step 1) ~ 7) operation with embodiment 3;Difference be this comparative example step 8) operation as follows:
8) dry finishing: dried by doskin elastic fabric, dries temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dries speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min;By silk The brocade elastic fabric whole latitude of high temperature tentering, temperature 194 ~ 196 DEG C, speed 24 ~ 26 ms/min.
Performance test
Chromatism test method with reference to variable color with gray scale (GB/T250-2008 ISO105/A02-1993).Fabric width error measure Standard No. GB/T4667-1995.Every test index is joined, and refers to table 1.
Table 1 embodiment 1 ~ 9 gained doskin blended fabric characteristic
First, be can be seen that by table 1, embodiment 1 ~ 3 contaminates different colors, embodiment 1 is identical with comparative example 1 fabric, Upper dye color is identical, and embodiment 2 dye color identical, upper with comparative example 2 fabric is identical, embodiment 3 is identical with comparative example 3 fabric, Upper dye color is identical, and the homochromatism of the doskin elastic fabric dyeing of embodiment 1 ~ 2 is significantly better than the doskin bullet of comparative example 1 ~ 2 The homochromatism of power dyeing fabric, it was demonstrated that the colouring method of the present invention, it is possible to the problem effectively solving doskin homochromatism difference.Its Secondary, be can be seen that by table 1, embodiment 1 ~ 3 and comparative example 1 ~ 2 after step 8) dry finishing, doskin elastic fabric fabric width is stable, Error free.And the problem that after comparative example 3 existence arrangement, fabric width is unstable.
The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not the restriction that the present invention makees other form, appoints What those skilled in the art changed possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above or be modified as equivalent variations etc. Effect embodiment.But every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, the technical spirit of the foundation present invention is to above example institute Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling made, still falls within the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the dyeing and finishing technology of a doskin elastic fabric, it is characterised in that comprise the steps: 1) dyeing 2 for the first time) heat Washing 3) intensification washing 4) regulation pH 5) second time dyeing 6) room temperature washing 7) regulation pH 8) dry finishing;
1) dyeing for the first time: dyeing temperature 60 ~ 63 DEG C, dyeing time 2.5 ~ 3.5 hours, is immersed in the first dye by doskin elastic fabric Dyeing in liquid, dyeing time terminates to get rid of waste liquid;First dye liquor comprise reactive dye 0.05 ~ 8% owf, Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus 40 ~ 80g/l, Soda 4 ~ 10g/l and water, dye liquor pH is 10 ~ 11;
4) regulation pH: regulation doskin elastic fabric pH value is 6 ~ 7;
5) second time dyeing: be immersed in the second dye liquor by doskin elastic fabric, uses intensification dyeing to be warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C, 95 ~ 98 DEG C are dyeed 40 ~ 50 minutes, and dyeing terminates to get rid of waste liquid;Second dye liquor comprises neutral dye 0.05 ~ 5%owf, acetic acid and water, dye Liquid pH3 ~ 4;
7) regulation pH: regulation doskin elastic fabric pH value is 4 ~ 7;
Described doskin elastic fabric is to be interweaved by silk fiber and nylon fibre with obtaining;
Reactive dye described in step 1) are the reactive dye containing double chloro-s-triazine active groups;Neutral dye described in step 6) Material is 1:2 type premetallized dye.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step 4) and step 7) The concrete operations of described regulation pH are: being immersed in the pH regulator liquid of 5 ~ 25 DEG C by doskin elastic fabric, pH regulator liquid comprises 0.5 ~ 3g/l acetic acid and water.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the general described in step 1) Doskin elastic fabric is immersed in the first dye liquor dyeing concrete operations: adds reactive dye in water, stir, impregnates doskin Elastic fabric also starts timing, within the 30th ~ 35 minute, adds Matrii Sulfas Exsiccatus, within the 50th ~ 60 minute, adds ground caustic.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the liter described in step 5) The concrete operations of temperature dyeing are: use 0.2 ~ 1 DEG C of programming rate per minute, from 40 DEG C, the second dye liquor is warming up to 95 ~ 98 DEG C.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step 2) hot water wash Concrete operations are: use 50 ~ 55 DEG C of water to wash, and wash 2 ~ 4 roads.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step 3) heats up and washes Concrete operations be: use 90 ~ 95 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 ~ 4 roads;Or, use 90 ~ 95 DEG C of water, add 1 ~ 2g/l soap Lotion is soaped, and after discharging waste liquid, uses 95 DEG C of water to wash, and washes 2 ~ 4 roads.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step 6) room temperature is washed Concrete operations be: use 10 ~ 40 DEG C of water to wash, wash 2 ~ 4 roads.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step 8) dry finishing Concrete operations be: by doskin elastic fabric dry, dry temperature 100 ~ 115 DEG C, dry speed 18 ~ 25 ms/min;By doskin Elastic fabric low temperature carries out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 95 ~ 105 DEG C, speed 25 ~ 35 ms/min;By doskin elastic fabric high temperature The whole latitude of tentering, temperature 185 ~ 200 DEG C, speed 22 ~ 28 ms/min.
The dyeing and finishing technology of a kind of doskin elastic fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step 8) dry finishing Concrete operations be: by doskin elastic fabric dry, dry temperature 109 ~ 111 DEG C, dry speed 19 ~ 21 ms/min;By doskin Elastic fabric low temperature carries out the whole latitude of low temperature tentering, temperature 99 ~ 101 DEG C, speed 29 ~ 31 ms/min;By doskin elastic fabric high temperature The whole latitude of tentering, temperature 194 ~ 196 DEG C, speed 24 ~ 26 ms/min.
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