CN105965672B - A method of assembling the entire mold structure model SHEAR - Google Patents

A method of assembling the entire mold structure model SHEAR Download PDF

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CN105965672B
CN105965672B CN 201610445235 CN201610445235A CN105965672B CN 105965672 B CN105965672 B CN 105965672B CN 201610445235 CN201610445235 CN 201610445235 CN 201610445235 A CN201610445235 A CN 201610445235A CN 105965672 B CN105965672 B CN 105965672B
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template
outer
plate
structure
mold
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CN 201610445235
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CN105965672A (en )
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白国良
秦朝刚
徐亚洲
赵腾飞
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西安建筑科技大学
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,具属于装配混凝土模型结构施工领域,用于解决该类模型因结构空间狭小,模板制作及拆除困难和传统模板无法实现装配式装配结构施工工艺的难题。 The present invention discloses an integral structure fabricated shearwall mold assembly having a field of concrete construction belonging to the model structure, due to structural model for solving such narrow space, and removal of difficult templates to create templates and conventional mounting structure can not be achieved Fabricated challenges for construction technology. 所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具由第一外模板和第二外模板组成的外模系统,第一内模板、第二内模板和第三内模板组成的内模系统,并设置有墙厚调节装置,洞孔成型装置、骨架分隔纱网和悬挂装置。 An outer mold system is fabricated die shear wall system of the model structure integrally mold the first and second external form composed of an outer template, the first template, the second template and the third template composed and arranged there wall thickness adjusting means, hole forming means, and the suspension gauze spacer backbone. 采用本发明可以方便模型狭小结构空间模板的制作与拆除,减轻暴力拆模对模型结构的损害,同时实现装配式剪力墙模型结构施工工艺,可用于以“口”型为基本单元组成建筑平面图的现浇剪力墙模型结构或装配式剪力墙模型结构的制作。 According to the present invention can be conveniently prepared with a small space model template removal, reduce damage to the form removal force model structure, while achieving the construction model structure fabricated shear process can be used to "mouth" type is a plan view of the basic building units situ modeling of shear wall structure or assembly sHEAR model structure.

Description

一种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具 A method of assembling the entire mold structure model SHEAR

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及装配式混凝土模型结构施工领域,特别涉及一种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,可用于例如以“口”型为基本单元组成建筑平面图的现饶剪力墙模型结构或装配式剪力墙模型结构的制作。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of prefabricated concrete construction of the model structure, more particularly to a structure fabricated shearwall whole mold, may be, for example, a "mouth" pattern is now Rao shearwall basic units structural floor plan modeling or structural assembly sHEAR.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]在土木工程领域,为检验新的结构设计理论或新的结构体系,一般是通过模型结构试验研宄对其进行检验或验证。 [0002] In the field of civil engineering, structural design to test the new theory or a new structural system, usually through structural test model study based on its inspection or verification. 模型结构是通过几何缩尺后,按照一定的相似理论进行设计计算并制作。 Model structure is carried out by the geometrical scale in accordance with a certain similarity Theoretical calculation and production. 对于剪力墙模型结构,层高一般为300mm〜800mm,墙厚度为20mm〜50mm, 洞口尺寸及墙厚较小,加之应用低强度及低弹性模量混凝土,后期模板较难拆除,暴力拆模会对模型结构造成损害,进一步影响试验结果的准确性。 For shear wall model structure, the height generally 300mm~800mm, wall thickness 20mm~50mm, smaller hole size and thickness of the wall, combined with the application of low intensity and low modulus of elasticity of concrete, post templates difficult to dismantle violent form removal model structure will cause damage further affect the accuracy of test results. 对于装配式剪力墙模型结构,按照原型结构的施工工艺,模型结构墙体混凝土应分两次浇筑,在预制墙体和现浇部位接触部位形成竖向分隔缝,如何在模型结构钢筋绑扎阶段设置合理有效的分隔装置,并与模板相结合,是一个难题。 For shearwall structure fabricated according to the construction process of the prototype structure, the structure of the model should be twice pouring concrete wall in situ and prefabricated wall portion forming the contact portion of the vertical partition seams, how the model structure phase steel banding provided reasonable and effective separation means, and combined with the template, is a problem.

[0003]传统的大比尺模型结构用木模板或泡沫制作,木模板不易拆除且重复利用的次数较低,泡沫制作时,造价较高,制作完成的模型结构表面粗糙,棱角模糊。 [0003] The traditional model structure Large - scale wood or foam production template, template wood easy removal and low frequency reuse, foam production, higher cost, the finished surface roughness model structure, blurred edges.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对上述现有技术中存在的问题,本发明的目的在于,提供一种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,方便模型结构狭小空间内模板的制作与拆除,减轻暴力拆模对模型结构的损害,减轻对试验结果的影响。 [0004] In view of the above problems of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide an integral structure fabricated shearwall mold, making easy removal of the model structure and small space of the template, the model form removal reduce violence damage to the structure, reduce the impact on test results. 可用于以“口”型为基本单元组成建筑平面图的现浇剪力墙模型结构或装配式剪力墙模型结构的制作。 It is used for making cast or fabricated shear wall structural model of the model structure to shear wall "mouth" type composed of a floor plan as the basic unit.

[0005] 本发明采用以下技术方案: [0005] The present invention employs the following technical solution:

[0006] —种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,包括外模系统以及设置在外模系统内部的内模系统: [0006] - shear species model structure fabricated integrally mold comprising an outer mold system and the outer mold system is provided inside the inner mold system:

[0007]所述的外模系统包括一对平行设置的第一外模板和一对平行设置的第二外模板, 第一外模板和第二外模板端部相接使外模系统为矩形结构;所述的第二外模板的外壁上沿第二外模板的长度方向设置有第一卡肋; [0007] The outer mold system includes a pair of parallel arranged first outer and second template outer template a pair of parallel disposed, first outer end of the second template and the template in contact with the outer mold an outer rectangular configuration system ; second outer wall of the outer template along a second longitudinal direction of the outer template is provided with a first engaging rib;

[0008]所述的内模系统包括一对平行设置的第一内模板和一对平行设置的第二内模板, 第一内模板和第二内模板端部相接使内模系统为矩形结构;在第二内模板的内壁上沿第二内模板的长度方向上设置有第二卡肋; [0008] The inner mold comprises a pair of first system disposed in parallel within the template and the second template a pair of parallel disposed, a first template within the template and a second end portion engaged within the inner mold system is a rectangular structure ; disposed along the length of the inner wall of the second template in a second template with a second inner rib card;

[0009]外模系统与内模系统之间设置有悬挂装置,悬挂装置包括丝杆,丝杆上套装有一对定位片,在每个定位片的侧面上均开设有卡槽,通过定位片上的卡槽与所述的第一卡肋、 第二卡肋的配合实现外模系统与内模系统的连接; [0009] provided with a suspension system between the outer mold and the inner mold system means, the suspension means comprises screw, the set screw has a pair of positioning pieces, each defines a slot positioned on the side of each sheet, by positioning a sheet card slot with said first ribs, with the second engaging rib implemented within an outer mold and die system is connected to the system;

[0010]所述的内模系统上方通过支撑装置设置有第三内模板。 [0010] The system of the above mold by the support means provided with a third template.

[0011]进一步地,所述的第一外模板包括第一板体以及设置在第一板体同一侧面边缘上且相互平行的一对腹板,在每个腹板上均开设有多个L形的缺口,缺口的一端穿出腹板的侧面;所述的第二外模板包括第二板体,第二板体沿宽度方向的边缘上分布有固定螺栓。 [0011] Further, the first template comprises a first outer plate and a first plate disposed on the same side edges parallel to each other and a pair of webs, each web are opened in the plurality of L shaped notch, the notch of one end of the piercing side of the web; the second template comprises a second outer plate, the fixing bolts are distributed in the width direction of the upper edge of the second plate member.

[0012]进一步地,所述的第一外模板、第二外模板的外壁上均成排成列地设置有肋条,每排肋条均与每列肋条垂直相交;在第一外模板、第二外模板上均分布有多个穿透第一外模板、第二外模板的定位孔。 [0012] Further, the first external form, an outer wall of the second outer template are arranged in a row to be provided with a rib, the ribs are perpendicular to each row and each column of ribs; first outer template, the second external form are distributed with a plurality of outer template penetrate the first positioning hole of the second external template.

[0013] 进一步地,所述的第一内模板包括第一拼合板、第二拼合板和第三拼合板,其中第一拼合板、第三拼合板的结构、规格均相同,第二拼合板的宽度小于第一拼合板;第二拼合板的两侧设置有第一固定槽,第一拼合板、第二拼合板的边缘均设置有与第一固定槽契合的第二固定槽;在第二拼合板表面上通过组装螺栓可拆卸地设置有固定钢板,固定钢板的长度大于第二拼合板的宽度。 [0013] Further, the first split inner template comprises a first plate, a second plate and a third split split plate, wherein the first split plate, the structure of the third split plate, are the same size, the second split plate a width smaller than the first split plate; split on both sides of the second plate is provided with a first fixing groove, a first split plate, the edges of the second split second plate is provided with a first fixing groove and the fixing groove fit; the first detachably provided with a fixing plate by assembling the two split plate surface of the bolt, fixed length greater than the width of the second split steel plate.

[0014] 进一步地,所述的支撑装置为设置在第一拼合板、第三拼合板侧面上的承压耳板, 承压耳板上放置有平台承压板,平台承压板的上表面与第一拼合板上端面齐平;在平台承压板上等间距分布有凹槽。 [0014] Further, the support means is provided in the first split plate, the pressure plate lug side surface of the third split plate, the pressure plate is placed on the surface of the ear bearing plate platform, the platform bearing plate split end surface flush with the first plate; internet profile groove pitch pressure plate and the like.

[0015] 进一步地,所述的第三内模板为钢筋混凝土结构,第三内模板内部的钢筋为冷拔钢丝,冷拔钢丝穿出第三内模板的端面。 [0015] Further, according to the third template for reinforced concrete structures, steel inside the third template for the drawn steel wire, cold drawn steel wire piercing the end surface of the third template.

[0016] 进一步地,所述的内模系统、外模系统之间设置有墙厚调节装置,墙厚调节装置包括定位螺母,定位螺母的一端同轴贯连有带有外螺纹的套圈;穿过定位螺母和套圈设置有一根调节杆,调节杆的一端带有一段外螺纹,且设置有外螺纹的一段较调节杆上不带外螺纹的部分直径大;调节杆设置有外螺纹一端的端部呈外六方形结构,未设置外螺纹一端表面套有一层2mm厚橡胶套。 [0016] Further, the inner mold system, there is provided between the outer mold system wall thickness adjusting means, adjusting means comprises a positioning nut wall thickness, one end of the positioning nut coaxially connected with a consistent externally threaded collar; one end of the nut and through the positioning ring is provided with an adjusting lever, the adjusting lever with an externally threaded section and is provided with an external thread section of the large diameter portion of the adjusting lever than without an external thread; adjusting lever is provided with an externally threaded end an end portion of the outer shape of the hexagonal structure, is not provided externally threaded sleeve has an end surface of a layer of 2mm thick rubber cover.

[0017]进一步地,所述的外模系统、内模系统之间可拆卸地设置有骨架分隔纱网,骨架分隔纱网为矩形框结构,由四段矩形的框架可拆卸地拼合构成;在矩形框内部设置有纱网,纱网边缘上包裹有骨架钢片;所述的外模系统的内壁上、内模系统的外壁上均沿垂直于地面方向对称设置有滑槽,骨架分隔纱网通过滑槽安装在内模系统、外模系统之间。 [0017] Further, the outer mold system, there is detachably provided between the inner mold skeletal system partition gauze, gauze separated skeleton rectangular frame structure, a frame detachably put together four rectangular configuration; in inside the rectangular frame is provided with a gauze, wrapped with gauze upper edge of steel skeleton; the inner wall of the outer mold system, the inner wall of the outer mold system in a direction perpendicular to the ground are provided with a sliding direction symmetrically, gauze spacer backbone through the chute between the mold inner mounting system, an outer mold system.

[0018] 进一步地,所述的内模系统的外壁上可拆卸地设置有孔洞成型装置,孔洞成型装置包括由四段条形磁铁构成的矩形结构,矩形结构内部设置有加固装置,加固装置包括呈十字形布设的支撑杆,支撑杆的端部设置有支撑片;将加固装置安装在矩形结构内部后,支撑片与条形磁铁紧密接触以起到支撑作用;所述的条形磁铁的宽度与内模系统、外模系统的间距相同,在所述的矩形结构外部套装有橡胶圈。 [0018] Further, the outer wall of the inner mold system is detachably provided with holes forming apparatus, the molding apparatus includes a rectangular hole structure consisting of four bar magnets, a rectangular structure is provided with internal reinforcing means, the reinforcing means comprising cross-shaped layout of the supporting rod, an end portion of the support bar is provided with a support plate; the reinforcing means is mounted in the inside rectangular structure, in close contact with the supporting sheet bar magnet to play a supporting role; the width of the bar magnet the inner mold system, the same pitch as the outer mold system in the structure of the external package rectangular rubber ring.

[0019] 本发明与现有技术相比具有以下技术特点: [0019] The present invention as compared with the prior art having the following technical characteristics:

[0020] 1 •本发明的整体结构模具重复利用次数高、易拆除、能结合装配式模型结构施工工艺,可用于以“口”型为基本单元组成建筑平面图的现浇剪力墙模型结构或装配式剪力墙模型结构的制作; [0020] The overall configuration of the present invention, the mold 1 • using a high repetition frequency, easy to dismantle, capable of binding assembled structure model construction process can be used to "mouth" type as the basic units of a floor plan or model of shear wall structures situ production model structure fabricated shear;

[0021] 2•采用本发明可以方便模型狭小结构空间模板的制作与拆除,减轻暴力拆模对模型结构的损害,对实验结果的影响小,为装配式混凝土模型结构施工领域提供了一种新的研宄工具。 [0021] 2 • The invention can facilitate the production and removal of a small space template model, reduce damage to the model structure of violent form removal, little effect on the experimental results, provides a new field for the construction of prefabricated concrete structure model the study based tools.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图1为外模系统的结构示意图; LWd」陰U刃弟一外模攸的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an outer mold system; LWd schematic "a brother outer edge U of the female mold Yau structure;

[0024]图3为第二外模板的结构示意图; _5]图4为悬挂装置与_雜、外觀麵合的綱示細; [0024] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the second outer template; [5] FIG. 4 is a suspension device _ heteroaryl, bonded outline design surface shows a fine;

[0026]图5为内模系统的结构分解示意图; [0026] FIG. 5 is a structural exploded view of the molding system;

[0027]图6为第一内模板的结构分解示意图; [0027] FIG. 6 is a structural exploded view of a first inner template;

[0028]图7为第二内模板的结构分解示意图; [0028] FIG. 7 is a structural exploded view of a second inner template;

[0029]图8为第三内模板的结构示意图\ ' ' [0029] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the third inner template \ ''

[0030]图9为洞孔成形装置的结构分解示意图; [0030] The hole 9 is an exploded view of the structure forming apparatus;

[0031] 图1〇为墙厚调节装置的结构示意图";' [0031] FIG 1〇 schematic structural view of the wall thickness adjusting means "; '

[0032] 图11为骨架分隔纱网的结构分解示意图; [0032] FIG. 11 is a skeleton structure gauze exploded view of the partition;

[0033] A—外模系统,B—内模系统,1 一第—外模板,2 一第二外模板,3 一定位孔,4 一肋条,5—定位片,6—滑槽,7—缺口,8—腹板,9一第一^^肋,10—固定螺栓,11—第二内模板, 12—卡槽,13—骨架分隔纱网,131 —框架,132—骨架钢片,133—纱网,14 一丝杆,15—第三内模板,151—钢筋,16—平台承压板,17—第一内模板,m —第一拼合板,172—第二拼合板,173—第三拼合板,174—组装螺检,175—承压耳板,18—固定钢板,I9一孔洞成型装置, 191—条形磁铁,192—橡胶圈,193—加固装置,194—支撑片,20—凹槽,21—调节杆,22— 套圈,23—定位螺母。 [0033] A- outer mold system, B- mold system, a 1 - of the outer template, a second outer template 2, a positioning hole 3, a rib 4, 5-positioning piece, the chute 6-, 7- gap, the web 8-, 9 ^^ a first rib, a fixing bolt 10-, 11-second within the template, slot 12-, 13- skeleton gauze separated, 131-- framework, the skeleton steel 132-, 133 - gauze, a trace of the rod 14, the third template 15, steel 151-, 16- platform bearing plate, 17 a first inner templates, m - split the first plate, the second split plate 172-, 173- section three split plates, the subject screw assembly 174-, 175- ear pressure plate, a fixed plate 18, a hole forming means I9, 191- bar magnet, rubber ring 192-, 193- reinforcement, 194- supporting sheet 20 - a groove, the adjusting lever 21, the ferrule 22-, 23- positioning nut.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0034]遵从上述技术方案,如图1至图11所示,一种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,包括外模系统A以及设置在外模系统A内部的内模系统B: [0034] compliance with the above-described aspect, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 11, a method of assembling the whole structure of formula shearwall mold comprising an outer mold system A system is provided inside the outer mold and the inner mold A system B:

[0035]所述的外模系统A包括一对平行设置的第一外模板1和一对平行设置的第二外模板2,第一外模板1和第二外模板2端部相接使外模系统A为矩形结构,即从俯视的角度看,第一外模板1、第二外模板2分别为一个矩形的两条相互平行的边;两个第一外模板1的规格相同,两个第二外模板2的规格相同,第一外模板1长度小于第二外模板2,第一外模板1宽度与第二外模板2相同。 [0035] A system of the outer mold comprising a pair of parallel arranged first outer template 1 and the second outer pair of parallel disposed template 2, a first outer plate 1 and the second outer end portion of the template in contact with the outer 2 a rectangular structure mode system, i.e., from the perspective of a plan view, a first outer plate 1, a second outer template 2 are a rectangle two sides parallel to one another; a first outer module of the same size two 1, two a second outer module of the same specification 2, a first outer length is less than 1 second outer template template 2, the same as the width of the first outer plate 1 and the second outer template 2. 所述的第二外模板2的外壁上沿第二外模板2的长度方向设置有第一卡肋9。 Said second outer wall of the outer template 2 is provided with a first engaging rib 9 along the longitudinal direction of the second outer template 2.

[0036] 如图2所示,第一外模板1包括第一板体以及设置在第一板体同一侧面边缘上且相互平行的一对腹板8,腹板8厚度5皿;在每个腹板8上均开设有多个L形的缺口7,缺口7的一端穿出腹板8的侧面,即缺口7—端贯通而另一端不贯通;缺口7的厚度为,宽度为l7mm, 纵横长度均为35mm;腹板8与第一板体共同构成“[”的形状,便于和第二外模板2之间的安装;所述的第二外模板2包括第二板体,第二板体沿宽度方向的边缘上分布有固定螺栓10; 在安装第一外模板1的第二外模板2时,首先将第一外模板1、第二外模板2在竖直方向上略微错开,使第二外模板2的固定螺栓10先滑入到缺口7中后,再向上提,使固定螺栓10卡在缺口7的端部,此时第一外模板1、第二外模板2的顶端依然齐平,但由于缺口7的设置,可以使在水平方向上第一外模板1、第二外模板2不能分开,由此保证结构 [0036] As shown, first template 12 comprises a first outer plate member and disposed on the same side edge of the first plate and a pair of mutually parallel webs 8, the thickness of the web 8 5 dishes; each webs 8 are opened, one end side of the notch 7 of the 8 piercing the web with a plurality of L-shaped notch 7, i.e. through the notch 7- end and the other end does not pass through; and the thickness of the gap 7, width of l7mm, vertical and horizontal It is 35mm length; web 8 and the first plate together constitute a "[" shape, and is mounted between the second outer facilitate template; the second template 2 includes a second outer plate, a second plate distribution of the upper edge thereof in the width direction of the fixing bolt 10; when the first outer mounting template in the second outer plate 1 2, a first outer first template 1, template 2 is slightly offset from the second outside in the vertical direction, so that the second outer template 10 of a fixing bolt 2 to slide into the notch 7, and then move up, the fixing bolt 10 at an end portion of the card notch 7, in which case the first outer plate 1, a second outer top 2 of template still flush, but the gap 7 is set to be the first in the horizontal direction outside the template 1, template 2 is not separated from the second external, thereby ensuring the structure 坚固性;再通过固定螺栓10将缺口7与第二外模板2进行紧固,实现第—外模板1、第二外模板2的相对固定。 Robustness; 10 then the outer template 7 and the second gap 2 by fixing bolts, Implementation - an outer plate 1, a second outer fixed opposing template 2.

[0037] 如图2、图3所示,第一外模板K第二外模板2的外壁上均成排成列地设置有肋条4, 每排肋条4均与每列肋条4垂直相交;肋条4米用焊接的方式固定,厚度为4mm,宽度为50mm; 间距为200mm,形成“井”型网,其作用是提高外模板平面内刚度,减小模型制作时带来的附加变形,影响结构墙体表面平整度。 [0037] As shown in FIG 2, FIG. 3, the first outer template K 2 of the second outer wall of the outer template are arranged to have the ribs 4 arranged in a row, each row of ribs 4 intersects one of the four vertical ribs each column; ribs 4 m is fixed by welding, a thickness of 4mm, a width of 50mm; additional deformation caused by a pitch of 200mm, to form a "well" type network, whose role is to enhance the outer template plane stiffness, making reduction model, the influence of the structure wall surface flatness. 在第一外模板1、第二外模板2上均分布有多个穿透第一外模板1、第二外模板2的定位孔3,定位孔3的作用是辅助调节内模系统B、外模系统A的间距;定位孔3是螺栓孔,直径为15mm。 The first outer plate 1, a second outer template 2 are distributed through the first plurality of outer plate 1, the second outer template positioning hole 3 2, 3 is the role of positioning holes auxiliary adjusting mold System B, the outer a pitch of the molding system; positioning hole 3 a bolt hole diameter of 15mm.

[OO38] 所述的内模系统B包括一对平行设置的第一内模板17和一对平行设置的第二内模板11,第一内模板17和第二内模板11端部相接使内模系统B为矩形结构;在第二内模板11的内壁上沿第二内模板11的长度方向上设置有第二卡肋;内模系统B的基本结构与外模系统A 相似,均为矩形结构。 [OO38] The inner mold within a second system B comprises a first template within the template 17, a pair of parallel arranged and disposed a pair of parallel 11, a first inner plate 17 and the second end 11 of the inner contact portion of the template B is a rectangular configuration mode system; provided along the inner wall of the second template 11 in the longitudinal direction of the second plate 11 has a second inner rib card; basic configuration of the molding system B, system a is similar to the outer mold, is a rectangular structure.

[0039]具体地,第一内模板17包括第一拼合板171、第二拼合板172和第三拼合板173,其中第一拼合板171、第三拼合板173的结构、规格均相同,第二拼合板172的宽度小于第一拼合板171 (短50mm,以方便纵向拆除);第二拼合板172的两侧设置有第一固定槽,第一拼合板171、第二拼合板172的边缘均设置有与第一固定槽配合的第二固定槽;第一拼合板171、第二拼合板172和第三拼合板173之间通过固定槽实现相对的连接;连接后,在第二拼合板172 表面上通过组装螺栓174可拆卸地设置有固定钢板18,固定钢板18的长度大于第二拼合板172的宽度;需要相对固定三个拼合板时,将固定钢板18压在三块拼合板上,然后拧紧组装螺栓174,即完成了第一内模板17的组装,如图6所示。 [0039] Specifically, a first template 17 includes a first split inner plate 171, second plate 172 and the third split split plate 173, wherein the first plate 171 is split, the split structure of the third plate 173, the specifications are the same, the the width of the two split plate 172 is smaller than the first split plate 171 (short 50mm, to facilitate removal of the longitudinal direction); a second split on both sides of the plate 172 with a first fixing groove, a first split plate 171, plate 172 of the edge of the second split It is provided with a second fixing groove cooperating with a first fixing groove; fixing is achieved by connecting opposing grooves between the first split plate 171, second plate 172 and the third split split plate 173; connection, the second split plate 172 upper surface plate 18 is fixed by a bolt assembly 174 is detachably disposed, the length of the fixed plate 18 is greater than the width of the second plate 172 of the split; requires relatively fixed three split plate, the fixing plate 18 against the three split plates , and then tighten the bolt assembly 174, i.e. the assembling of the first inner plate 17, as shown in FIG.

[0040]图7为第二内模板11的结构分解示意图,与第一内模板17相同,第二内模板11也是由三块拼合板构成的,并且三块拼合板之间的连接方式与第一内模板17完全相同,在此不赘述。 [0040] FIG. 7 is a second structural schematic exploded view of the template 11, the template 17 as in the first, the second template 11 is split by the three plates, and the connection between the plate and the three split 17 within a template exactly the same, is not described herein. 区别是第二内模板11较第一内模板17长,因此拼合板也较第一内模板17的拼合板长一些,为此设置了两块固定钢板18进行固定。 The second difference is that the template 11 than the first length of the template 17, and therefore also longer than the number of split plates a first template split inner plate 17, provided for this purpose two fixing plate 18 is fixed.

[0041]第一内模板17和第二内模板11材料为Q345钢材,方便设计为易拆除可组装模具, 第三内模板15材料为钢筋混凝土,在施工阶段具有承载成形的功能,浇筑完板面混凝土后, 与后浇混凝土共同作为模型结构的构件。 [0041] The first internal plate 17 within the template 11 and the second material is steel Q345, designed to easily facilitate removal of the mold can be assembled, within the template 15 the third material is a reinforced concrete having a shaped bearing function during the construction phase, pouring End plate after the concrete surface, and after pouring the concrete member together as the model structure.

[0042]外模系统A与内模系统B之间设置有悬挂装置,悬挂装置的作用是辅助安装外模系统A和内模系统B;悬挂装置包括丝杆14,丝杆14上套装有一对定位片5,在每个定位片5的侧面上均开设有卡槽I2,通过定位片5上的卡槽12与所述的第一卡肋9、第二卡肋的配合实现外模系统A与内模系统B的连接,如图4所示。 Effect [0042] The suspension means provided between the outer mold and the inner mold System A System B, is secondary suspension means is mounted within an outer mold system A and system B mold; suspension means comprises a screw 14, the set screw 14 has a pair of positioning piece 5, positioned on the side sheet 5 are each defines a slot I2, through the slot 12 and the positioning plate 5 of the rib 9 of the first card, the second card with the outer mold system implemented rib a connected to the inner mold system B, as shown in FIG. 外模系统A、内模系统B安装好之后可以卸下悬挂装置。 An outer mold system A, system B after the molding can be removed installed suspension.

[0043]所述的内模系统B上方通过支撑装置设置有第三内模板15,如图5、图6所示,支撑装置为设置在第一拼合板171、第三拼合板173侧面上的承压耳板175,承压耳板175厚度8圓,呈直角三角形状,承担平台承压板16和第三内模板15传递的施工荷载;承压耳板175上放置有平台承压板16,平台承压板16的上表面与第一拼合板171上端面齐平;在平台承压板16上等间距分布有凹槽20。 [0043] over the inner mold by the support means system B is provided with a third inner templates 15, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, the supporting means is provided in the first split plate 171, the plate 173 side of the third split ear pressure plate 175, the thickness of the pressure receiving plate 175 lug 8 round, right-angled triangle shape, bear construction load transfer platform 15 and the third bearing plate 16 within the template; placed on the platform bearing plate 16 bearing plate lug 175 end surface flush with the upper surface of the platform bearing plate 16 and the first split plate 171; 16 equidistantly distributed on the platform bearing plate recess 20. 组装好整个装置后,将第三内模板15的两端放置在内膜系统两块第一内模板17上放置的平台承压板16上。 After the entire apparatus is assembled, the inner ends of the third template 15 is placed on the platform bearing plate 16 placed on the two first membrane system 17 within the template. 第三内模板15为钢筋混凝土结构,第三内模板15内部的刚度较大的冷拔钢丝,钢丝直径为5mm,间距为50mm,沿混凝土板短边方向单向布置,冷拔钢丝穿出第三内模板15的端面;第三内模板15采用的混凝土为细石混凝土,强度等级为C30,可根据设计尺寸预制。 The third template 15 within the reinforced concrete structure, the stiffness of the template 15 within the interior of the third large drawn steel wire, steel wire having a diameter of 5mm, a pitch of 50mm, are arranged along the short side direction of the unidirectional concrete slab, cold drawn steel wire piercing section three inner end face 15 of the template; third concrete within the template 15 used is fine aggregate concrete, strength class C30, depending on design dimensions can be prefabricated.

[0044]更优的,内模系统B、外模系统A之间设置有墙厚调节装置,墙厚调节装置包括定位螺母23,定位螺母23的一端同轴贯连有带有外螺纹的套圈22;穿过定位螺母23和套圈22设置有一根调节杆21,调节杆21的一端带有一段外螺纹,且设置有外螺纹的一段较调节杆21 上不带外螺纹的部分直径大(大4mm);不带螺纹的一端套装有橡胶层。 [0044] More preferably, the inner mold System B, system A there is provided between the outer mold wall thickness adjusting means, adjusting means comprises a thick and positioning nut 23, the nut 23 is positioned coaxially with one end connected with a consistent set of externally threaded ring 22; through the positioning nut 23 and the ferrule 22 is provided with an adjustment lever 21, one end of the adjustment lever 21 with an externally threaded section and is provided with an external thread section of relatively large diameter portion without adjusting the externally threaded rod 21 (large 4mm); unthreaded end sleeved rubber layer. 调节杆21设置有外螺纹一端的端部呈外六方形结构,以便于拧动调节杆21。 Adjusting lever 21 is provided with an externally threaded end portion of the outer shape of one end of the hexagonal structure, in order to twist the adjustment lever 21. 使用时,先将带有外螺纹的套圈22拧入到第一外模板1、第二外模板2上的定位孔3 (螺纹孔)中,然后再将调节杆21穿过定位螺母23和套圈22,使调节螺杆不带外螺纹的一端顶在内模系统B的外壁上,这样通过拧动定位螺母23,即可调节内膜系统、外模系统A的间距。 In use, the first externally threaded collar 22 is screwed into the first outer plate 1, the positioning holes 3 (threaded hole) on the second outer template 2, then the adjustment lever 23 and the nut 21 through the positioning the ferrule 22, the outer wall of the top end of the adjustment screw without externally threaded inner mold system B, so that by screwing the nut 23 is positioned, can be adjusted membrane system, the pitch a of the outer mold system.

[0045]进一步地,外模系统A、内模系统B之间可拆卸地设置有骨架分隔纱网13,如图11所示,骨架分隔纱网13为矩形框结构,由四段矩形的框架131可拆卸地拼合构成;在矩形框内部设置有纱网I33,纱网133边缘上包裹有骨架钢片132;所述的外模系统A的内壁上、内模系统B的外壁上均沿垂直于地面方向对称设置有滑槽6,骨架分隔纱网13通过滑槽6安装在内模系统B、外模系统A之间;可根据需要设置滑槽6的对数,每一对滑槽6均可以安装一个骨架分隔纱网13;本实施例中在内膜系统、外模系统A的长度、宽度方向上均设置有两对滑槽6。 [0045] Further, the outer mold system A, removably disposed between the inner mold B has a backbone system gauze spacer 13, as shown, the partition 11 backbone gauze rectangular frame structure 13, the rectangular frame by four piece 131 detachably configured; there is disposed inside the rectangular frame I33 gauze, wrapped with an upper edge of the gauze 133 132 steel skeleton; the inner wall of the outer mold system a, system B, the outer wall of the inner mold are in a vertical provided symmetrically to the ground the direction of the chute 6, the bobbin 13 through the chute gauze spacer 6 mounted on the inner mold system B, between an outer mold system a; number of chutes 6 may be provided as needed, for each chute 6 the partition can be mounted a bobbin 13 the gauze; endomembrane system in this embodiment, the length of the outer mold system a, a width direction of the chute is provided with two pairs 6 embodiment. 在模型结构钢筋151绑扎阶段,将水平钢筋151穿过纱网133,形成装配式剪力墙结构预制墙片和后浇部分混凝土之间的竖向分隔功能。 Reinforced binding model phase 151, the horizontal steel gauze 133 through 151, to form an assembled structure of Formula shear prefabricated wall and rear portions of the concrete poured between the vertical partition function.

[0046]在进行模型制作时,有时需根据实际情况在模型的墙壁上留下孔洞。 [0046] During modeling, the actual situation may need to leave a hole in the wall model. 为了解决这个问题,本方案中内模系统B的外壁上可拆卸地设置有孔洞成型装置19,孔洞成型装置19包括由四段条形磁铁191构成的矩形结构,通过吸附固定在内模系统B外壁上需要的位置处; 矩形结构内部设置有加固装置193,加固装置193包括呈十字形布设的支撑杆,支撑杆的端部设置有支撑片194;将加固装置193安装在矩形结构内部后,支撑片194与条形磁铁191紧密接触以起到支撑作用;所述的条形磁铁191的宽度与内模系统B、外模系统A的间距相同, 在所述的矩形结构外部套装有橡胶圈192。 To solve this problem, the outer wall of the inner mold system of the present embodiment B is detachably provided with holes forming means 19, a rectangular structure composed of four bar magnets forming means 191 includes a bore 19, through the adsorption system B fixed to the inner mold an outer wall at a position desired; the internal structure is provided with a rectangular reinforcement means 193, 193 comprises a cross-shaped reinforcement means emplaced support rods, the ends of the support bar 194 is provided with a support plate; the reinforcing means 193 is mounted inside the rectangular structure, a support plate 191 into close contact with the bar magnet 194 to play a supporting role; inner mold width B of the bar magnet system 191 the same as the outer mold system a pitch of the rubber ring set outside the rectangular structure 192. 橡胶圈192起到保护条形磁铁191的作用,防止混凝土粘在磁铁表面。 Rubber ring 192 serves to protect the bar magnet 191, to prevent the concrete sticking surface of the magnet. 在进行内模系统B、外模系统A之间灌注成型时,孔洞成型装置19能保持这部分结构始终不被灌注。 Performing mold system B, and between the outer infusion molding die system A, hole forming means 19 can not always keep this part of the structure is poured.

[0047]使用方法: [0047] Usage:

[0048]通过拼合的方式组装第一内模板17、第二内模板11的组装;将平台承压板16置于第一内模板17的承压耳板175上,第二内模板11的内侧与平台承压板16端部对齐,第二内模板11的端部与第一内模板17内侧对其,完成内模系统B的组装。 [0048] assembled by way of a first split within the template 17, the template assembly 11 of the second; the platform bearing plate 16 disposed on a first pressure receiving lug plate 175 within the template 17, the inside of the second template 11 the platform bearing plate 16 and the end portions are aligned, the second end of the first template within the template 17 on its inner side 11 to complete the assembly of the molding system B. 将孔洞成形装置吸附在内模系统B的外侧,形成洞口的边界,同时将加固装置193支撑在其内部。 Outside the molding system B including the suction holes forming apparatus, forming a boundary of the hole, while the reinforcing device 193 is supported in its interior.

[0049]将第二外模板2固定在悬挂装置上,按照墙厚初步定位,安装第一外模板丨,将第二外模板2的端部的固定螺栓10安装在第一外模板1端部腹板8的缺口7中,然后安装垫片及固定螺栓10的螺母,将骨架分隔纱网I3对应地插在外模系统A和内模系统B之间的滑槽6中,拧动螺母以初步固定外模系统A。 [0049] The second outer template 2 is fixed on the suspension device, according to preliminary positioning wall thickness, the first outer mounting template Shu, the fixing bolt outer end of the second template 10 is mounted on the first 2 of the outer end portion of the template 8, the notch 7 in the web, and mounting pads 10 and the fixing bolts and nuts, I3 corresponding to the skeleton gauze spacer interposed between the outer chute and the inner mold a molding system B, system 6, the nut is screwed to the initial stationary outer mold system A.

[0050]安装墙厚调节装置,将套圈22拧入到定位孔3中,再将调节杆21插入到定位螺母23 和套圈22中,以精确调整调节杆21的位置,从而固定墙的厚度,然后再紧固螺母,通过螺母和定位杆将内模系统B、外模系统A形成整体。 [0050] The wall thickness adjusting means is mounted, the collar 22 is screwed into the positioning hole 3, then the adjustment lever 21 is inserted into the positioning nut 23 and ferrule 22 to precisely adjust the position of the adjusting lever 21, thereby fixing the wall thickness, and then tighten the nut, the nut and the inner mold positioning rod system B, system A is an outer mold formed integrally.

[0051]拆除悬挂装置,浇注墙体内部混凝土,待浇筑至墙高位置后,安装第三内模板15, 绑扎板顶钢筋151,浇筑第三内模板I5表面混凝土,完成模型结构模板支护及制作工作。 [0051] The removal of the suspension, pouring the concrete wall, to the wall after the casting a high position to be installed within the third template 15, banding steel top plate 151, the template I5 pouring third inner surface of the concrete, the structure of the model is completed and the template support production work.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,包括外模系统(A)以及设置在外模系统(A)内部的内模系统(B): 所述的外模系统(A)包括一对平行设置的第一外模板(1)和一对平行设置的第二外模板(2),第一外模板(1)和第二外模板(2)端部相接使外模系统(A)为矩形结构;所述的第二外模板(2)的外壁上沿第二外模板(2)的长度方向设置有第一卡肋(9); 所述的内模系统(B)包括一对平行设置的第一内模板(17)和一对平行设置的第二内模板(11),第一内模板(I7)和第二内模板(11)端部相接使内模系统(B)为矩形结构;在第二内模板(11)的内壁上沿第二内模板(11)的长度方向上设置有第二卡肋; 外模系统(A)与内模系统(B)之间设置有悬挂装置,悬挂装置包括丝杆(14),丝杆(14) 上套装有一对定位片(5),在每个定位片(5)的侧面上均开设有卡槽(12),通过定位片(5)上的卡槽(1¾与 An integrally fabricated shearwall mold structure, wherein the outer mold comprising a system (A) and disposed within the outer molding system (A) inside the mold system (B): the outer molding system (A ) a template comprising a first outer pair of parallel disposed (1) and a pair of outer second template (2) arranged in parallel, a first outer template (1) and a second outer template (2) in contact with the end portion of the outer mold system (a) is a rectangular structure; an outer wall of said second outer template (2) is provided with a first engaging rib (9) along the second outer template (2) in the longitudinal direction; mold system (B according ) comprises a first pair of parallel arranged within the template (17) and a pair of second inner template (11) disposed in parallel, a first inner template (I7) and the second inner template (11) in contact with an end portion of the inner mold system (B) is a rectangular structure; providing a second card with a second rib along the inner wall of the second template on the template (11) (11) in the longitudinal direction; outer mold system (a) with the mold system (B suspension means provided between), the suspension means comprising a screw (14), the screw (14) has a set of positioning sheet (5), positioned on the side of each sheet (5) defines a slot average (12 ), positioning pieces by slots (1¾ the upper (5) 述的第一卡肋(9)、第二卡肋的配合实现外模系统(A)与内模系统(B)的连接; 所述的内模系统(B)上方通过支撑装置设置有第三内模板(15); 所述的第一外模板(1)包括第一板体以及设置在第一板体同一侧面边缘上且相互平行的一对腹板(8),在每个腹板(8)上均开设有多个L形的缺口(7),缺口(7)的一端穿出腹板(8)的侧面;所述的第二外模板(2)包括第二板体,第二板体沿宽度方向的边缘上分布有固定螺栓(10); 所述的第一内模板(17)包括第一拼合板(171)、第二拼合板(172)和第三拼合板(173), 其中第一拼合板(m)、第三拼合板(173)的结构、规格均相同,第二拼合板(172)的宽度小于第一拼合板(1H);第二拼合板(172)的两侧设置有第一固定槽,第一拼合板(171)、第二拼合板(172)的边缘均设置有与第一固定槽契合的第二固定槽;在第二拼合板(172)表面上通过组装螺栓 First engaging rib (9) described below, with the second engaging rib implementation outer molding system (A) with the mold system (B); within a mold system according to (B) above the support means is provided by a third within the template (15); said first outer template (1) comprises a first plate and a first plate disposed on the same side edge and a pair of mutually parallel webs (8), in each web ( 8) each define a plurality of L-shaped notches (7), one end of the gap (7) piercing the web (8) of the side surface; said second outer template (2) comprises a second plate member, a second the upper edge of the distribution plate in the width direction of the fixing bolts (10); said first inner template (17) comprises a first split plate (171), a second split plate (172) and the third split plate (173) wherein the first split plate (m), the third split plate (173) of the structure and specifications are the same, split width of the second plate (172) is smaller than the first split plate (IH); a second split plate (172) on both sides provided with a first fixing groove, a first split plate (171), a second edge of the split plate (172) is provided with a second fixing groove fit with a first fixing groove; split surface of the second plate (172) by assembling the bolt 174)可拆卸地设置有固定钢板(18),固定钢板(18)的长度大于第二拼合板(172)的宽度。 174) detachably provided with a fixing plate (18), the length of the fixed plate (18) is larger than the split width of the second plate (172).
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,所述的第一外模板(1)、第二外模板(2)的外壁上均成排成列地设置有肋条(4),每排肋条(4)均与每列肋条(4)垂直相交;在第一外模板⑴、第二外模板⑵上均分布有多个穿透第一外模板⑴、第二外模板(2)的定位孔(3)。 2. shearwall fabricated integrally mold structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said first outer template (1), outside the outer wall of the second template (2) are to be arranged in a row It is provided with a rib (4), each row of ribs (4) are (4) perpendicularly intersects each column ribs; first outer template ⑴, ⑵ second outer template are distributed through the first plurality of outer template ⑴, a second outer formwork (2) a positioning hole (3).
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,所述的支撑装置为设置在第一拼合板(1H)、第三拼合板(173)侧面上的承压耳板(175),承压耳板(175)上放置有平台承压板(16),平台承压板(16)的上表面与第一拼合板(171)上端面齐平;在平台承压板(16)上等间距分布有凹槽(20)。 Assembly as claimed in the entire structure of formula shearwall of the mold 1 (173) bearing on the split side of the third panel, characterized in that said support means is provided in the first split plate (1H), ear-plate (175), bearing lug plate (175) is placed on a platform with a bearing plate (16), the upper surface of the platform bearing plate (16) and the first split plate (171) is flush with the end surface; platform pressure plates (16) distributed at equal pitch with a recess (20).
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,所述的第三内模板(15)为钢筋混凝土结构,第三内模板(15)内部的钢筋(151)为冷拔钢丝,冷拔钢丝穿出第三内模板(15)的端面。 4. shearwall fabricated integrally mold structure according to claim 1, characterized in that (15) is a reinforced concrete structure, the third template (15) inside said third reinforcement within the template (151 ) cold drawn steel, cold drawn steel wire piercing the inner end surface of the third template (15).
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,所述的内模系统(B)、外模系统(A)之间设置有墙厚调节装置,墙厚调节装置包括定位螺母(23),定位螺母(23)的一端同轴贯连有带有外螺纹的套圈(22);穿过定位螺母(23)和套圈(22)设置有一根调节杆(21),调节杆(21)的一端带有一段外螺纹,且设置有外螺纹的一段较调节杆(21)上不带外螺纹的部分直径大;调节杆(21)设置有外螺纹一端的端部呈外六方形结构。 5. The overall structure fabricated shearwall mold according to claim 1, wherein said inner mold system (B), there is disposed between the outer mold system (A) wall thickness adjusting means, wall thickness adjustment means comprises a positioning nut (23), one end of the positioning nut (23) coaxially connected with a consistent ferrule (22) having an external thread; through a positioning nut (23) and a ferrule (22) is provided with an adjusting lever One end (21), the adjusting lever (21) with an externally threaded section and is provided with an outer threaded section of the adjusting lever than the large-diameter portion without an external thread (21); adjusting lever (21) is provided at one end with an external thread the outer end portion has a hexagonal structure.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,所述的外模系统(A) 、内模系统(B)之间可拆卸地设置有骨架分隔纱网(13),骨架分隔纱网(13)为矩形框结构,由四段矩形的框架(131)可拆卸地拼合构成;在矩形框内部设置有纱网(133),纱网(I33)边缘上包裹有骨架钢片(132);所述的外模系统(A)的内壁上、内模系统(B)的外壁上均沿垂直于地面方向对称设置有滑槽(6),骨架分隔纱网(13)通过滑槽(6)安装在内模系统(B) 、外模系统(A)之间。 6. shearwall fabricated integrally mold structure according to claim 1, characterized in that there is detachably disposed between the outer molding system (A), the molding system (B) separated gauze backbone (13), skeleton gauze spacer (13) is a rectangular frame structure by four rectangular frame (131) is detachably split configuration; is provided with a gauze (133) inside the rectangular frame, the gauze (I33) edge wrapped with steel skeleton (132); an outer inner wall of the molding system (a), the outer wall of the inner mold system (B) are symmetrically along a direction perpendicular to the ground is provided with a chute (6), separated by gauze backbone (13) mounted in the inner molding system (B) through the chute (6), between an outer mold system (A).
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的装配式剪力墙模型结构整体模具,其特征在于,所述的内模系统(B)的外壁上可拆卸地设置有孔洞成型装置(19),孔洞成型装置(19)包括由四段条形磁铁(19〇构成的矩形结构,矩形结构内部设置有加固装置(193),加固装置(193)包括呈十字形布设的支撑杆,支撑杆的端部设置有支撑片(194);将加固装置(193)安装在矩形结构内部后,支撑片(1M)与条形磁铁(191)紧密接触以起到支撑作用;所述的条形磁铁(191)的宽度与内模系统(B)、外模系统(A)的间距相同,在所述的矩形结构外部套装有橡胶圈(192)。 7. The assembly as claimed in the entire structure of formula shearwall hole die molding apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer wall of the inner mold system (B) is detachably provided with holes forming means (19), (19) comprises four bar magnets 19〇 rectangular structure constituted, is provided inside the rectangular structure (with a reinforcing means (193), the reinforcement means (193) comprises a cross-shaped layout of the supporting rod, an end portion of the support bar is provided with a the width of the bar magnet (191); a support sheet (194); the reinforcing means (193) mounted inside the rectangular structure, the support sheet (1M) and bar magnets (191) to play a supporting role in close contact the inner mold system (B), the same pitch as the outer mold system (a) of the rectangular structure in rubber ring outer package (192).
CN 201610445235 2016-06-20 2016-06-20 A method of assembling the entire mold structure model SHEAR CN105965672B (en)

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CN204983199U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-20 山东瑞京建筑科技有限公司 Screw thread subassembly and corresponding building templates for building templates
CN205685510U (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-16 西安建筑科技大学 Assembled shear force wall model structure integral mold

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CA2159318C (en) * 1993-03-31 1999-11-30 Jan Hendrik Mensen Concrete form walls
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