CN105964770B - A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures - Google Patents

A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105964770B
CN105964770B CN201610345689.0A CN201610345689A CN105964770B CN 105964770 B CN105964770 B CN 105964770B CN 201610345689 A CN201610345689 A CN 201610345689A CN 105964770 B CN105964770 B CN 105964770B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
smoke pipe
chuck
punching
scroll chuck
hole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610345689.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105964770A (en
Inventor
谢毅
汪炜军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Hanbang Technology Consulting Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Gongshang University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Gongshang University filed Critical Zhejiang Gongshang University
Priority to CN201610345689.0A priority Critical patent/CN105964770B/en
Publication of CN105964770A publication Critical patent/CN105964770A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105964770B publication Critical patent/CN105964770B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/28Perforating, i.e. punching holes in tubes or other hollow bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/36Perforating, i.e. punching holes using rotatable work or tool holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/003Positioning devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/006Feeding elongated articles, such as tubes, bars, or profiles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/10Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers
    • B21D43/105Manipulators, i.e. mechanical arms carrying a gripper element having several degrees of freedom

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hole-punching methods of smoke pipe circumferential apertures, include the following steps: the both ends of smoke pipe carrying out compression positioning by two groups of contact rollers, in one end of smoke pipe, scroll chuck is set, by scroll chuck and wherein one group of contact roller is mounted on sliding seat, and sliding base sleeve is in linear guide and can move under the action of screw drive system along linear guide;Start chuck drive cylinder after scroll chuck is completely into smoke pipe, chuck drive cylinder drives scroll chuck opening and the promptly inner wall of smoke pipe;Set the zero-bit of chuck drive cylinder;Punching machine moves when determining zero-bit in step 6, goes out first row circular hole;Chuck drive motor turns an angle, and punching machine moves again, goes out secondary series hole, until sports cards disk-drive motor rotates n-1 times, i.e. punching machine goes out n column hole, that is, completes entire punch process.The method high degree of automation that the present invention uses, can be realized multiple working procedure, greatly improves punching efficiency, reduces manual labor, reduces production cost.

Description

A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures
Technical field
The present invention relates to tubular workpiece manufacture fields, more specifically, more particularly to a kind of punching side of smoke pipe circumferential apertures Method.
Background technique
Smoke pipe is the pipeline for smoke evacuation, and one end of smoke pipe, which circumferentially rushes, a circle pin aperture, and needs to weld at the end One nut cap;The other end of smoke pipe usually requires to be flared, and two mounting holes are gone out at the end, passes through flared end and installation Smoke pipe is installed on exhaust equipment by hole.
Traditional smoke pipe processing needs successively by being flared, rushing mounting hole, rush axis hole and four processes of weld cap, this four works Sequence is processed to the single-ended of smoke pipe, needs that smoke pipe is transported to punching by the way of charging equipment or manually feeding It is welded at bed or welder, is processed again after then clamping device is fixed.
Smoke pipe circumferential apertures refer to that round tube is welded with one end of rounded cap and needs to be gone out the through-hole of a whole circle using punching machine, these Through-hole is along the circumferentially equally distributed several row through-holes of smoke pipe, and every row through-hole is equipped with several through-holes;The upper mold of usual punching machine It is equipped with row punch-pin corresponding with a column lead to the hole site, row's cavity plate, the upper mold of punching machine are equipped on the lower mold of punching machine Tool, which pushes, can once go out row's circumferential apertures.But in existing smoke pipe circumferential apertures hole punched device, generally use clamping cylinder One end of smoke pipe is protruded into punching machine, another cylinder is recycled to drive smoke pipe rotation;Such clamping feeding and rotating manner Not only positioning accuracy is low, but also operation is comparatively laborious, and the degree of automation is low, it is often necessary to which human assistance could complete punching behaviour Make.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is that providing a kind of high degree of automation to solve the above-mentioned problems, can send automatically Material is accurately positioned, the hole-punching method of the smoke pipe circumferential apertures of fine rotational angle.
The present invention is through the following technical solutions to achieve the above objectives: a kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures, including such as Lower step:
1) both ends of smoke pipe, are subjected to compression positioning by two groups of contact rollers, every group of contact roller includes four and be square The contact roller of distribution, wherein the contact roller of each upper end can rotate in 0~90 ° around a horizontally disposed cursor, and And cursor is reset to the reset spring of horizontal position by installation on cursor;
2), the scroll chuck in the setting of one end of smoke pipe for the clamping end smoke pipe inner wall, chuck drive cylinder driving three Dog chuck is opened or is shunk;
3), by scroll chuck and wherein, one group of contact roller is mounted on sliding seat, and sliding base sleeve is mounted in linear guide simultaneously It can be moved along linear guide, screw drive system drives the movement of sliding seat;With the silk of torque mode operation screw drive system Thick stick driving motor drives the scroll chuck on sliding seat that sliding seat is followed to move together, protrudes into during scroll chuck is mobile One end of smoke pipe simultaneously pushes smoke pipe mobile to punching machine direction, until the other end of smoke pipe is completely into the lower mold for being sleeved on punching machine Upper and smoke pipe one end is pressed in the fixing seat of lower mold;
4), start chuck drive cylinder after scroll chuck is completely into smoke pipe, chuck drive cylinder drives scroll chuck Opening and the promptly inner wall of smoke pipe;
5), with the lead screw driving motor of displacement model operating lead screw drive module, smoke pipe is driven back to move setting length L determines that the position is the position that smoke pipe needs to be punched out using sensor;
6) the chuck drive motor connecting chuck being fixed on sliding seat, is driven into cylinder, when chuck drive motor rotates Drive the whole common rotation of chuck drive cylinder, scroll chuck and smoke pipe composition;Chuck drive is driven with torque mode first Motor is rotated by 360 ° counterclockwise, until the first block being fixed on chuck drive cylinder is fixed on second on sliding seat Block blocks, and is denoted as the zero-bit of chuck drive cylinder at this time;
7) it, determines punching columns n, then needs punching n times altogether, the angle that each chuck drive motor needs rotate isPunching machine moves when determining zero-bit in step 6, goes out first row circular hole;
8), driving card disk-drive motor rotatesAngle is spent, punching machine moves again, secondary series circular hole is gone out, until movement Chuck drive motor rotates n-1 times, i.e. punching machine goes out n column circular hole, that is, completes entire punch process;
9), after punching, the upper mold of punching machine is moved up, and the rotation of lead screw driving motor drives smoke pipe back to move until three Dog chuck completely disengages the inside of smoke pipe;When smoke pipe reaches designated position, by feeding mechanical hand by next cigarette to be processed Tube top enters in two groups of contact rollers and by the ejection of the smoke pipe of completion of processing into blanking channel.
Further, the screw rod uniformly distributed along cylinder block, the front end of screw rod are fixed on the cylinder block of the driving cylinder of chuck It is set with push plate and push plate is fixed on screw front end by the second spring by being arranged on screw rod;Scroll chuck protrudes into smoke pipe One end of smoke pipe directly compresses push plate and is compressed second spring by push plate when internal, until push plate cannot move position again It sets.
Further, limit stepped stem limitation push plate is utilized during lead screw driving motor drives smoke pipe back to move Position, when push plate stop motion under the action of limiting stepped stem scroll chuck continuation back move, thus by three-jaw card Disk is fully drawn out inside smoke pipe.
Further, smoke pipe promptly and remains position into the pushing course in punching machine direction under the action of scroll chuck Between two groups of contact rollers, and along the axial line of two groups of contact rollers linear motion.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the method high degree of automation that the present invention uses can be realized the automatic charging of smoke pipe, automatic positioning, automatic folder Tightly, the multiple working procedures such as self-feeding, automatic punching and automatic blanking greatly improve punching efficiency, reduce manual labor, drop Low production cost.
2, the present invention realizes the positioning of smoke pipe in such a way that two groups of contact rollers compress smoke pipe both ends, and in the process of movement In be always maintained at smoke pipe and moved along the axial line of two groups of contact rollers, to guarantee accurately be sleeved on punching machine when smoke pipe is mobile Lower mold on, the accuracy of feeding is very high.
3, smoke pipe level only need to be directly pushed into two groups of contact rollers by the present invention without loading and unloading using feeding device, Directly the smoke pipe completed the process is ejected using next smoke pipe when blanking, loading and unloading are convenient, improve the efficiency of feeding.
4, chuck drive cylinder of the invention need to only rotate the circumference that the whole circle of smoke pipe can be completed in 360 ° of angular ranges Hole punching avoids the problem of tracheae winding influences processing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the hole punched device for smoke pipe circumferential apertures that the present invention uses.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the feeding mechanism of the hole punched device for smoke pipe circumferential apertures that the present invention uses.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the feeding mechanical hand of the hole punched device for smoke pipe circumferential apertures that the present invention uses.
In figure, 1- pedestal, 101- punching machine, 102- feeding mechanical hand, 103- feeding mechanism, 104- blanking channel, 105- control Platform processed, 106- frame main body, 107- disk, 108- photoelectric sensor, the first arched door of 2-, 201- pusher cylinder, 202- overhead gage, 203- scraping wings, 204- caging bolt, the second arched door of 3-, 4- scroll chuck, 5- chuck drive cylinder, 6- chuck drive motor, 7- ball-screw, 8- lead screw driving motor, 9- linear guide, 10- sliding seat, 11- feed screw nut, 12- screw nut connection plate, 13- lead screw shaft bearings, 14- first shaft coupling, 15- second shaft coupling, 16- motor cabinet, 17- contact roller, the lower end 18- attachment base, 19- cursor, the first spring of 20-, 21- articulated shaft, 22- second spring, 23- push plate, 24- screw rod, 25- hard packing piece, 26- limit Plate, 27- limit stepped stem, the first block of 28-, the second block of 29-, 30- drag chain, 31- smoke pipe.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, a kind of hole punched device of smoke pipe circumferential apertures of the present invention includes frame main body 106, send Expect that manipulator 102, blanking channel 104, punching machine 101, console 105 and feeding mechanism 103, the punching machine 101 are arranged described The left side of frame main body 106, for smoke pipe 31 to be clamped and positioned and smoke pipe 31 is automatically fed into the feeding mechanism in punching machine 101 103 are fixed in the frame main body 106, and feeding mechanical hand 102 and blanking channel 104 are separately fixed at the feeding mechanism In the frame main body 106 of 103 two sides, the console 105 is fixed in frame main body 106 and for controlling the feeding mechanical The movement of hand 102 and feeding mechanism 103.
The feeding mechanism 103 includes the first arched door 2, the second arched door 3, scroll chuck 4, chuck drive cylinder 5, chuck drive Dynamic motor 6, ball-screw 7, lead screw driving motor 8, linear guide 9, sliding seat 10, feed screw nut 11, screw nut connection plate 12 and the pedestal 1 that is fixed in frame main body 106.
The linear guide 9 is fixed on pedestal 1, and sliding seat 10 is sleeved in the linear guide 9, first arched door 2 are fixed on the left end of linear guide 9, and the second arched door 3 is fixed on the sliding seat 10, first arched door 2 and second Arched door 3 big circular through hole, the diameter of scroll chuck 4 and smoke pipe 31 such as is equipped with and is respectively less than the diameter of the circular through hole;Institute It states ball-screw 7 to be parallel to the setting of linear guide 9 and be fixed on the pedestal 1, one end of the ball-screw 7 passes through Lead screw shaft bearings 13 are fixed on the first arched door 2, and the other end of ball-screw 7 drives the rolling by the connection of first shaft coupling 14 The lead screw driving motor 8 that ballscrew 7 rotates, the feed screw nut 11 are sleeved on ball-screw 7, and feed screw nut 11 passes through lead screw Nut connecting plate 12 is fixedly connected with sliding seat 10;The lead screw driving motor 8 drives the ball-screw 7 to rotate when rotating, Entirety to drive feed screw nut 11, screw nut connection plate 12 and sliding seat 10 to constitute is backhauled along the linear guide 9 It is dynamic.
The scroll chuck 4 is fixed on the front end for driving the scroll chuck 4 to open with the chuck drive cylinder 5 shunk, The chuck drive motor 6 connects the chuck drive cylinder 5 and drives the chuck drive cylinder 5 by second shaft coupling 15 The entirety constituted with scroll chuck 4 is rotated;The chuck drive motor 6 is fixed on the sliding seat 10 by motor cabinet 16 On, scroll chuck 4 passes through the circular through hole on second arched door 3 and is located at the left side of second arched door 3, chuck drive gas Cylinder 5 and chuck drive motor 6 are located at the right side of second arched door 3.
Four for 31 both ends of clamping smoke pipe are equipped on first arched door 2 and the second arched door 3 side close to each other A contact roller 17, four contact rollers 17, which are square, to be distributed and is evenly arranged in the plane perpendicular to 31 direction of motion of smoke pipe, wherein under Two contact rollers 17 at end are connected on lower end attachment base 18, and lower end attachment base 18 is fixedly connected with corresponding first arched door 2 or the On two arched doors 3, two contact rollers 17 of upper end are separately fixed at one end of two horizontally disposed cursors 19, cursor 19 The other end is hinged on corresponding first arched door 2 or the second arched door 3 by horizontally disposed articulated shaft 21;Each cursor 19 middle part is equipped with the first spring interface, and the middle part of corresponding first arched door 2 or the second arched door 3 is equipped with second spring interface, The first spring 20 is connected between first spring interface and second spring interface, the cursor is in first spring 20 and hinge Under the action of spindle 21 0~90 ° can be rotated around the articulated shaft 21.
The front end of the scroll chuck 4 is further fixed on push plate 23, and the chuck drive cylinder 5 is equipped with three around three-jaw card Uniformly distributed screw rod 24 on the outside of disk 4, is set with second spring 22 on the screw rod 24, the push plate 23 close to the first arched door 2 one Side is fixed there are three equally distributed hard packing piece 25, opened on three hard packing pieces 25 there are three with 24 position of above-mentioned three screw rods one by one Corresponding screw hole, push plate 23 are sleeved on three screw rods 24 by the screw hole, and the other end of three screw rods 24 is fixed with and prevents The stop nut that the push plate 23 is deviate from from screw rod 24.
It is further fixed on limit plate 26 on the pedestal 1, is provided on the limit plate 26 and several is parallel to the screw rod 24 Limit stepped stem 27, it is described limit stepped stem 27 left end diameter be less than right end diameter, second arched door 3 be equipped with and institute The limit one-to-one limit hole in 27 position of stepped stem is stated, the diameter of the limit hole is greater than the left end diameter of limit stepped stem 27 And it is less than the right end diameter of limit stepped stem 27, second spring 22 limits the left end end of stepped stem 27 when being in non-telescoping state It is just against in the push plate 23.
The feeding mechanical hand 102 includes scraping wings 203, the overhead gage with the scraping wings 203 formation Z-type feeding passage 202 and the pusher cylinder 201 that pushes the scraping wings 203 to move in the horizontal direction, the front end of the scraping wings 203 and upper gear The distance of 202 minimum point of plate is 1-2mm bigger than 31 diameter of smoke pipe, and the front end fixed height of scraping wings 203 is the caging bolt of 3-5mm 204.Smoke pipe 31 is just limited screw 204 when being located on scraping wings 203 and blocks, and can not fall from scraping wings 203, work as push Stop screw leaves the underface of overhead gage 202 when cylinder 201 pushes smoke pipe 31 to feeding mechanism 103, overhead gage 202 with push away The distance between flitch 203 push through smoke pipe 31 can just, to be sent directly into feeding mechanism 103.
The chuck drive cylinder 5 is equipped with the first block 28, and the sliding seat 10 is equipped with the second block 29, and chuck drives Dynamic motor 6 drives the chuck drive cylinder 5 to drive the first block 28 circumferentially to rotate when rotating, and second block 29 is arranged On 28 motion path of the first block, the second block 29 limits first block 28 and rotates within the scope of 0~360 °.The The mutual cooperation of one block 28 and the second block 29 controls the slewing area of chuck drive cylinder 5 in 0-360 °, while second Block 29 is also used for the zero position of the first block 28, is easy to understand the initial processing position of smoke pipe 31;Chuck drive cylinder 5 Rotational angle, which is limited within the scope of 360 °, to effectively prevent tracheae to wind.
Drag chain 30 is further fixed in the screw nut connection plate 12, the drag chain 30 is arranged in the side of pedestal 1, is used in combination In the chuck drive cylinder 5, the cabling of chuck drive motor 6 and lead screw driving motor 8.Chuck drive cylinder 5 and push gas The electric wire of the tracheae of cylinder 201 and chuck drive motor 6 and lead screw driving motor 8 is arranged in drag chain 30 and is led by drag chain Draw and protects.
The limit stepped stem 27 is equipped with square distribution four.Four limit stepped stems 27 are against push plate 23 jointly In right end face, smoke pipe 31 will not be taken back together when scroll chuck 4 being made to return to initial position, smoke pipe 31 can be kept off by push plate 23 Firmly.
Four contact rollers 17 on second arched door 3 are located at the left side of the push plate 23.Push plate 23 is in 3 He of the second arched door It is free to slide along screw rod 24 between four contact rollers 17 on second arched door 3.
Fixed there are three flexible base on the scroll chuck 4, scroll chuck 4 clamps the interior of smoke pipe 31 by flexible base Wall.Flexible base can prevent scroll chuck 4 from generating abrasion to smoke pipe 31 when directly firmly grasping smoke pipe 31.
The punching machine 101 is equipped with the disk 107 rotated synchronously with upper die of punching press tool, is provided with one end on the disk 107 Opening, the punching machine 101 are equipped with the photoelectric sensor 108 of opening described in face.One circulation of every movement of punching machine 101, light Electric transducer 108 receives a photosignal;The period that photoelectric sensor 108 receives signal is that punching machine 101 just rushes Hole finishes the period back moved.
When 103 specific works of feeding mechanism, second spring 22 is in non-telescoping state, and push plate at this time 23 is located at limit ladder The left end of bar 27;Directly smoke pipe 31 is pushed from side using feeding device and is carried out in the present apparatus, smoke pipe 31 compresses eight Wherein two contact rollers of side upper end are jacked up and are entered in the present apparatus in wheel 17, and four contact rollers 17 at both ends are respectively to cigarette The both ends of pipe 31 compress positioning;Restart lead screw driving motor 8, drives sliding seat 10 along 9 direction of linear guide to processing unit (plant) Movement, sliding seat 10 drive the second arched door 3, scroll chuck 4, chuck drive cylinder 5, chuck drive motor 6, push plate 23 when mobile With 24 associated movement of screw rod, gradually scroll chuck 4 is extend into smoke pipe 31, and smoke pipe 31 one end close to and to the right compression push away Plate 23, push plate 23 move right along screw rod 24 and compress the first spring 20, until the left end of smoke pipe 31 enters in processing unit (plant), cigarette The right end of pipe 31 compresses push plate 23 completely, and the other side of push plate at this time 23 and the one side of chuck drive cylinder 5 mutually compress; Start chuck drive cylinder 5, the inner wall of smoke pipe 31 is clamped, restarts chuck drive motor 6, turn first by driving scroll chuck 4 One circle looks for processing zero-bit, then rotary chuck driving motor 6 in order to which the other end to smoke pipe 31 is processed;Silk after processing is completed Thick stick driving motor 8 inverts, and drives smoke pipe 31 to be detached from processing unit (plant) and is returned to original position, at this time release chuck drive cylinder 5, and three Dog chuck 4 unclamps smoke pipe 31, and lead screw driving motor 8 drives the continuation of scroll chuck 4 on sliding seat 10 back to move, 23 quilt of push plate Limit stepped stem 27 on limit plate 26, which is withstood, can not continue to move right, and scroll chuck 4 continues to move, 31 meeting of smoke pipe It is blocked by push plate 23, until completely disengaging scroll chuck 4;It is direct using feeding device after scroll chuck 4 completely disengages smoke pipe 31 Smoke pipe 31 is ejected from the present apparatus, that is, completes the feeding process operation of single smoke pipe 31.
Specific processing method of the invention is as follows:
1) both ends of smoke pipe 31, are subjected to compression positioning by two groups of contact rollers 17, every group of contact roller 17 includes four Be square the contact roller 17 of distribution, wherein the contact roller 17 of each upper end can around a horizontally disposed cursor 19 0~ It is rotated in 90 °, and cursor 19 is reset to the first spring 20 of horizontal position by installation on cursor 19;
2), the scroll chuck 4 in the setting of one end of smoke pipe 31 for clamping 31 inner wall of end smoke pipe, chuck drive cylinder 5 Scroll chuck 4 is driven to open or shrink;
3), by scroll chuck 4 and wherein, one group of contact roller 17 is mounted on sliding seat 10, and sliding seat 10 is sleeved on straight line and leads It can move on rail and along linear guide, screw drive system drives the movement of sliding seat 10;With torque mode operation lead screw driving The lead screw driving motor 8 of system drives the scroll chuck 4 on sliding seat 10 that sliding seat 10 is followed to move together, and scroll chuck 4 moves Protrude into one end of smoke pipe 31 in dynamic process and push smoke pipe 31 mobile to punching machine direction, until the other end of smoke pipe 31 completely into Enter to be sleeved on the lower mold of punching machine and one end of smoke pipe 31 is pressed in the fixing seat of lower mold;
4), start chuck drive cylinder 5 after scroll chuck 4 is completely into smoke pipe 31, chuck drive cylinder 5 drives three-jaw The opening of chuck 4 and the promptly inner wall of smoke pipe 31;
5), with the lead screw driving motor 8 of displacement model operating lead screw drive module, smoke pipe 31 is driven back to move setting length L is spent, determines that the position is the position that smoke pipe 31 needs to be punched out using sensor;
6), by 6 connecting chuck of chuck drive motor being fixed on sliding seat 10 drive cylinder 5,6 turns of chuck drive motor The whole common rotation for driving chuck drive cylinder 5, scroll chuck 4 and smoke pipe 31 to form when dynamic;It is driven first with torque mode Chuck drive motor 6 is rotated by 360 ° counterclockwise, until the first block 28 being fixed on chuck drive cylinder 5 is fixed on cunning The second block 29 on dynamic seat 10 blocks, and is denoted as the zero-bit of chuck drive cylinder 5 at this time;
7) it, determines punching columns n, then needs punching n times altogether, the angle that each needs of chuck drive motor 6 rotate isPunching machine moves when determining zero-bit in step 6, goes out first row circular hole;
8), driving card disk-drive motor 6 rotatesAngle is spent, punching machine moves again, secondary series hole is gone out, until sports cards Disk-drive motor 6 rotates n-1 times, i.e. punching machine goes out n column hole, that is, completes entire punch process;
9), after punching, the upper mold of punching machine is moved up, and the rotation of lead screw driving motor 8 drives smoke pipe 31 back to move directly The inside of smoke pipe 31 is completely disengaged to scroll chuck 4;When smoke pipe 31 reach designated position when, by feeding mechanical hand 102 will under One smoke pipe 31 to be processed heads into two groups of contact rollers 17 and by the ejection of the smoke pipe of completion of processing 31 into blanking channel 104.
Above-described embodiment is presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not a limitation on the technical scheme of the present invention, as long as Without the technical solution that creative work can be realized on the basis of the above embodiments, it is regarded as falling into the invention patent Rights protection scope in.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures, characterized by the following steps:
1) both ends of smoke pipe, are subjected to compression positioning by two groups of contact rollers, every group of contact roller includes four distributions that are square Contact roller, wherein the contact roller of each upper end can rotate in 0~90 ° around a horizontally disposed cursor, and Cursor is reset to the reset spring of horizontal position by installation on cursor;
2), the scroll chuck in the setting of one end of smoke pipe for the clamping end smoke pipe inner wall, chuck drive cylinder drive three-jaw card Disk is opened or is shunk;
3), by scroll chuck and wherein, one group of contact roller is mounted on sliding seat, and sliding base sleeve simultaneously can edge in linear guide Linear guide movement, screw drive system drive the movement of sliding seat;It is driven with the lead screw of torque mode operation screw drive system Dynamic motor, drives the scroll chuck on sliding seat that sliding seat is followed to move together, protrudes into smoke pipe during scroll chuck is mobile One end and push smoke pipe mobile to punching machine direction, until the other end of smoke pipe completely into being sleeved on the lower mold of punching machine and One end of smoke pipe is pressed in the fixing seat of lower mold;
4), start chuck drive cylinder after scroll chuck is completely into smoke pipe, chuck drive cylinder drives scroll chuck to open And the promptly inner wall of smoke pipe;
5), with the lead screw driving motor of displacement model operating lead screw drive module, smoke pipe is driven back to move setting length L, benefit Determine that the position is the position that smoke pipe needs to be punched out with sensor;
6) the chuck drive motor connecting chuck being fixed on sliding seat, is driven into cylinder, chuck drive motor drives when rotating The whole common rotation of chuck drive cylinder, scroll chuck and smoke pipe composition;First with torque mode driving card disk-drive motor It is rotated by 360 ° counterclockwise, until the first block being fixed on chuck drive cylinder is fixed on the second block on sliding seat It blocks, is denoted as the zero-bit of chuck drive cylinder at this time;
7) it, determines punching columns n, then needs punching n times altogether, the angle that each chuck drive motor needs rotate is? Punching machine moves when determining zero-bit in step 6, goes out first row circular hole;
8), driving card disk-drive motor rotatesAngle is spent, punching machine moves again, secondary series circular hole is gone out, until movement chuck drives Dynamic motor rotates n-1 times, i.e. punching machine goes out n column circular hole, that is, completes entire punch process;
9), after punching, the upper mold of punching machine is moved up, and the rotation of lead screw driving motor drives smoke pipe back to move until three-jaw card Disk completely disengages the inside of smoke pipe;When smoke pipe reaches designated position, by feeding mechanical hand by next smoke pipe top to be processed Enter in two groups of contact rollers and by the ejection of the smoke pipe of completion of processing into blanking channel.
2. a kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the driving cylinder of chuck The screw rod uniformly distributed along cylinder block is fixed on cylinder block, the front end sleeve of screw rod is equipped with push plate and second by being arranged on screw rod Push plate is fixed on screw front end by spring;One end of smoke pipe directly compresses push plate and passes through when scroll chuck protrudes into the inside of smoke pipe Second spring is compressed in push plate, until push plate cannot shift position again.
3. a kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: in lead screw driving motor band Dynamic smoke pipe limits the position of push plate using limit stepped stem during back moving, when push plate is under the action of limiting stepped stem Scroll chuck continuation is back moved when stop motion, so that scroll chuck is fully drawn out inside smoke pipe.
4. a kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: smoke pipe is in scroll chuck Effect is lower to be remained promptly and into the pushing course in punching machine direction between two groups of contact rollers, and along two groups of contact rollers Axial line linear motion.
CN201610345689.0A 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures Active CN105964770B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610345689.0A CN105964770B (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610345689.0A CN105964770B (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105964770A CN105964770A (en) 2016-09-28
CN105964770B true CN105964770B (en) 2019-06-18

Family

ID=56957163

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610345689.0A Active CN105964770B (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105964770B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110666033B (en) * 2019-10-11 2021-02-19 含山县荣源金属制品有限公司 Punching machine for silencing pipe

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3848497A (en) * 1973-11-07 1974-11-19 Whitney Corp W Press for punching holes in tubular members
FI810749L (en) * 1981-03-10 1982-09-11 Serlachius Oy Anordning foer att goera ett haol och en detta omgivande flaens i sidan pao ett roer
CA2464631C (en) * 2003-04-17 2007-03-13 International Roller Technology Inc. Method and apparatus to reduce slot width in tubular members
CN204294727U (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-29 重庆市华青汽车配件有限公司 A kind of device of machining hole on metal tube
CN204602997U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-09-02 金华市亚虎工具有限公司 Fully automatic high-speed perforating press
CN105290201A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-03 重庆市华青汽车配件有限公司 Integrated processing method for blanking and punching pipes
CN105522037B (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-07-28 广州英固特音响拉杆有限公司 A kind of numerical-control full-automatic washpipe apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105964770A (en) 2016-09-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205996002U (en) A kind of smoke pipe punching punch press with automatic feed mechanism
CN105834283B (en) A kind of smoke pipe punching punch press with automatic feed mechanism
CN105964770B (en) A kind of hole-punching method of smoke pipe circumferential apertures
CN105904222B (en) A kind of smoke pipe both-end automatic production line
CN105215778B (en) A kind of self-feeding and clamping device for processing small shaft class part locating slot
CN205497723U (en) Automatic broken bamboo device
CN105858177A (en) Accurate positioning and feeding device for tubular workpiece single end machining
CN205996048U (en) A kind of thin metallic tubd pipe-expanding machine with automatic feeding
CN105903826B (en) A kind of thin metallic tubd pipe-expanding machine with automatic feeding
CN205575035U (en) Round piece storage feed mechanism
CN209139665U (en) Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment
CN105903804B (en) A kind of hole-punching method of the single-ended dislocation circumferential apertures of smoke pipe
CN107486707B (en) A kind of assembly method of workpiece
CN104354054B (en) Lathe with automatic charging device and its automatic charging method
CN107309919B (en) Betel nut fully-automatic production device
CN205231961U (en) Brushless motor magnet steel circle winder
CN105903803B (en) A kind of single-ended multiple row circumferential apertures automatic processing method of thin metallic tubd and device
CN205996003U (en) A kind of single-ended multiple row circumferential apertures automatic machining device of thin metallic tubd
CN105945438B (en) A kind of automatic weld cap machine of smoke pipe
CN108380716B (en) Automatic annular thread screw driving device
CN105880364B (en) A kind of thin metallic tubd punching punching machine that quick feeding can be accurately positioned
CN206500495U (en) Pull bar stamping machine
CN109317571A (en) Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment
CN107891117A (en) A kind of Work treatment installation
CN206123155U (en) Tobacco pipe automatic processing production line

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Xie Yi

Inventor after: Wang Weijun

Inventor before: Xie Yi

Inventor after: Xie Yi

Inventor after: Wang Weijun

Inventor before: Xie Yi

GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20201218

Address after: 233000 Room 1402, Ziyang Building, Pearl Plaza, Huaishang District, Bengbu City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: Anhui Hanbang Technology Consulting Co., Ltd

Address before: 310012 149 Xihu District teachers' road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Patentee before: ZHEJIANG GONGSHANG University