A kind of discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar and concrete automatic separation system and method
The invention belongs to technical field of resource recovery, particularly relate to a kind of discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar and concrete
Automatic separation system and method.
Along with country urbanization process quickening, increasing building waste book box process to be recycled, particularly
At the later stage of the development & construction process of subway, high ferro and Super High building, a large amount of discarded concretes that can produce
Support beam auxiliary construction material, owing to concrete support beam itself is the thick solid (deadweight of comparison
Reach 20 tons), add the building iron that inside contains about 10%, its recycling difficulty is the biggest.
Current conventional recovery and treatment method is, directly pulverizes concrete support beam by big gun machine pointwise, so
Slow duration of constructing is longer, and noise disturbs residents very greatly very much, and takies job site, need to spend a large amount of manpower
Material resources cost, even can be considerably beyond its recovery value, it addition, the building stones after Po Sui are positioned at job site,
Also inconvenience transport and process.Therefore, a lot of in the case of directly armored concrete is discarded, extremely waste goods and materials
Resource and land resource.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar with concrete certainly
Dynamic piece-rate system and method, it is intended to solve existing armored concrete recovery method compare disturb residents, to take construction existing
Field, processing cost height, the technical problem of waste resource.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
On the one hand, described discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar includes with concrete automatic separation system:
For lifting the hanging apparatus of armored concrete；
For crushing the main disintegrating machine of armored concrete；
It is arranged on the reinforcing bar segregation apparatus of described main disintegrating machine exit position；
Wherein, described main disintegrating machine slant setting, the rubble material after crushing through reinforcing bar segregation apparatus and drops out,
The oblique entrance of the reinforcing bar described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus obtained after Po Sui carries out reinforcing bar separation.
Further, described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus includes guide plate, baffle plate and rotating cylinder, and described guide plate tilts to put
Putting and peak is positioned at the lower section of main disintegrating machine exit position, described baffle plate is for blocking the steel slided from guide plate
Muscle, described baffle plate is separated by a distance with described guide plate, and described rotating cylinder is positioned at below described baffle plate minimum point,
Described rotating cylinder periphery is evenly distributed with a circle traction pawl.
Further, described main disintegrating machine angle of inclination is 25 degree～40 degree.
Further, the entry position of described main disintegrating machine is additionally provided with building stones guide table.
Further, described hanging apparatus includes that lifting appliance and suspender, described suspender are rectangular frame.
Further, described system also includes that reinforcing bar reclaims subsystem and building stones reclaim subsystem, described broken
After rubble material through reinforcing bar segregation apparatus and drop out to described building stones to reclaim in subsystem and carry out building stones recovery,
Described reinforcing bar, after reinforcing bar segregation apparatus separates, reclaims subsystem by reinforcing bar and reclaims.
Further, described building stones reclaim subsystem include tramp iron separator and the first conveyer being sequentially connected with,
Batcher, the second disintegrating machine, the second conveyer and vibrating screen classifier, the entry position of described first conveyer
Being positioned at immediately below described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus, the entry position of described second conveyer is positioned at described second and crushes
The underface of machine exit position.
On the other hand, described discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar includes with concrete automatic separation method:
The armored concrete in stock ground lifts by crane feeding through hanging apparatus；
Main disintegrating machine is the most broken to reinforced concrete row, i.e. thick tear reason, obtains rubble material；
Rubble material drops out through described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus, and rubble material and reinforcing bar are entered by reinforcing bar segregation apparatus simultaneously
Further, described method also includes:
Building stones reclaim subsystem and recycle described rubble material further；
After reinforcing bar separates, reinforcing bar reclaims subsystem and reclaims reinforcing bar.
Further, described building stones reclaim subsystem include tramp iron separator, the first conveyer, batcher, second
Disintegrating machine, the second conveyer and vibrating screen classifier, described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus includes guide plate, baffle plate and turns
Wherein, described rubble material drops out through described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus, and reinforcing bar segregation apparatus is to rubble simultaneously
Material and reinforcing bar carry out separating step, specifically include:
Rubble material is in guide plate landing to the first conveyer；
The reinforcing bar obtained after Po Sui slides along guide plate, and described rotating cylinder is fallen on reinforcing bar top after encountering described baffle plate
Two adjacent traction pawls between, or reinforcing bar top falls directly between two tractions of described rotating cylinder grab；
During drum rotation, reinforcing bar is involved from guide plate by traction pawl, it is achieved reinforcing bar separates, follow-up steel
Reinforcing bar is reclaimed by muscle recovery system；
Wherein, described material recovery subsystem, to the described further recycling step of rubble material, specifically includes:
Described rubble material is transported to batcher by the first conveyer；
Batcher carries out vibrosieve feed to described rubble material；
The direct go-no-go of big pellet that screening separates is big pellet finished product；
Rubble material after screening through tramp iron separator except entering the second disintegrating machine after ferrum, further break process, the most carefully
Tear is managed, and obtains fine rock material；
Fine rock material is transported to vibrating screen classifier by the second conveyer；
Layering screen gets the fine powder product of granularity at different levels.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention is by main disintegrating machine slant setting, and going out at main disintegrating machine
Mouth arranges reinforcing bar segregation apparatus below position, and the thick broken rubble material obtained drops out after reinforcing bar segregation apparatus,
Can be by building stones recovery subsystem to its further recycling, reinforcing bar segregation apparatus achieves reinforcing bar simultaneously
Separate, it is achieved that the efficient recovery of especially big building solid castoff (discarding the armored concrete such as concrete beam column stake)
And recycling, the direct economic benefit of creation is the most considerable, and can also save water and soil ore resource, beautifies
Our urban life, has the most wide application prospect.Native system is novel in design, rationally distributed, property
Energy is reliable, it is safe, easy to operate to use, work efficiency is high, and a complete set of apparatus for production line can be at high temperature, many dirt
Running continuously Deng realizing fault-free under rugged environment, equipment maintenance work is the easiest.It addition,
In preferred version, by rationally arranging the structure of hanging apparatus, can not only realize conveniently lifting, but also can
Realize automatic unhooking function during unloading, stop the danger of the artificial decoupling device in high-altitude.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar and the concrete automatic separation system structure of embodiment of the present invention offer
Fig. 2 is that armored concrete lifts schematic diagram；
Fig. 3 is that armored concrete is automatically separated schematic flow sheet.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and reality
Execute example, the present invention is further elaborated.Only should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein
Only in order to explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
In order to technical solutions according to the invention are described, illustrate below by specific embodiment.
Fig. 1 shows the discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar and concrete automatic separation system that the embodiment of the present invention provides
Structure, illustrate only the part relevant to the embodiment of the present invention for convenience of description.
As it is shown in figure 1, the discarded concrete beam column stake reinforcing bar of the present embodiment offer and concrete automatic separation system bag
Include hanging apparatus (not shown), main disintegrating machine 1, reinforcing bar segregation apparatus 2.In diagram, described master breaks
The entry position of broken machine 1 is additionally provided with building stones guide table 3.Pending armored concrete can be various building
The discarded concrete beam column stake of construction, the beam column of removal building, the beam column of different kinds of roads bridging toughening, rail
Pillow building stones, concrete electric pole, concrete downcomer, other concrete prefabricated member etc..
During work, after armored concrete is lifted by crane by described hanging apparatus, it is placed in described building stones guide table 3, so
Laggard disintegrating machine of becoming owner of, described main disintegrating machine jaw crusher, jaw crusher energy consumption is low, and jaw design is solely
Spy, can realize bigger broken ratio.After armored concrete is tentatively crushed by main disintegrating machine, obtain rubble
Material, rubble material enters reinforcing bar segregation apparatus from the outlet of main disintegrating machine and drops out, can directly utilize rubble material,
Building stones recovery subsystem can also be designed reclaim further.The present embodiment does not limit described building stones and reclaims subsystem
Concrete structure, relevant setting can be carried out according to customer demand, provide the most reasonable, most economical for client
Produce line.Marker size size is adjustable, and percentage of damage is high, energy-efficient, and the yield of production is big, the stone produced
Sub-epigranular, particle shape is good, is suitable for the various large, medium and small Engineering Project Construction such as highway bridge.
Meanwhile, after main crusher in crushing concrete, remaining reinforcing bar can be obtained, owing to disintegrating machine is obliquely installed,
The reinforcing bar exporting out from main disintegrating machine can insert reinforcing bar segregation apparatus obliquely, and reinforcing bar segregation apparatus is to steel
Muscle separates, and finally can design reinforcing bar recovery subsystem and reclaim the reinforcing bar after separating.This enforcement
Example do not limit described reinforcing bar reclaim subsystem implement form, such as can take steel away by magnet adsorption
Muscle, it is also possible to take reinforcing bar away by traction machine, possibly even manual type takes reinforcing bar away, and this is all at this
Within bright protection domain.
As a kind of concrete structure of described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus 2, described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus include guide plate 21,
Baffle plate 22 and rotating cylinder 23, described guide plate 21 slant setting and peak are positioned at main disintegrating machine 1 exit position
Lower section, described baffle plate 22 for blocking the reinforcing bar slided from guide plate 21, described baffle plate 22 and described guide plate
21 is separated by a distance, and described rotating cylinder 23 is positioned at below described baffle plate 22 minimum point, outside described rotating cylinder 23
It is evenly distributed with a circle traction pawl week.
Reinforcing bar separation process is as follows:
Rubble material after Po Sui enters on guide plate, the downward-sloping placement of guide plate, and rubble material glides along guide plate
Drop out, it is illustrated that in, conveyer can be set immediately below guide plate minimum point, carry out follow-up with transport coarse building stones
Recycling.The reinforcing bar obtained after Po Sui gradually can glide along guide plate, and described baffle plate can be encountered in reinforcing bar top,
Preventing reinforcing bar from continuing to glide, then according to action of gravity, reinforcing bar top can drop down onto between the traction pawl of rotating cylinder, gear
Plate plays stop cushioning effect, it is to avoid reinforcing bar is arbitrarily scattered.In actual process, also have part reinforcing bar
Top directly falls between the traction pawl of rotating cylinder.Adjacent traction pawl blocks reinforcing bar top, and rotating cylinder is at rotation process
In, traction pawl drives reinforcing bar to move, and pulls out from the space between rotating cylinder and baffle plate, and follow-up reinforcing bar returns
Receive subsystem reinforcing bar is reclaimed.
In the present embodiment, building stones are produced as continuous process, and the output of reinforcing bar is interruption process, interval time
With the size of supplied materials, shape, the content of reinforcing bar and arrange relevant.
It has been observed that armored concrete is lifted by crane by hanging apparatus and is placed in building stones guide table, existing hanging apparatus
Typically it is made up of lifting appliance and cable wire, hook, first ties armored concrete with cable wire, then with lifting
The hook of equipment tangles.If using existing hanging apparatus, after armored concrete is winched to building stones guide table by lifting appliance,
Also need artificial decoupling device, abnormally dangerous.In order to overcome this problem, the hanging apparatus described in the present embodiment has included
Hanging equipment and suspender, described suspender is rectangular frame, and lifting schematic diagram is as shown in Figure 2, it is illustrated that in,
Labelling 200 is armored concrete, and labelling 300 is rectangular suspender, uses steel to make.Suspender interior
Frame is slightly larger than the cross section size of armored concrete, generally higher than 10cm.Suspender is entangled reinforcing bar mix
After solidifying soil, lifting appliance directly lifts by crane, and according to frictional force effect, armored concrete is not fall off, and works as reinforcing bar
After concrete winches to building stones guide table, when a side of the bottom of suspender encounters the top margin of building stones guide table, under continuation
Putting armored concrete, now armored concrete can loosen, and landing from suspender automatically enters main disintegrating machine,
Achieve unloading automatically.The design concept of this suspender is ingenious, can not only realize conveniently lifting, and also can realize unloading
Time automatic unhooking function, stopped the danger of the artificial decoupling device in high-altitude.
Describe building stones below and reclaim a kind of concrete implementation form of subsystem, shown in reference Fig. 1, described stone
Material reclaims subsystem and includes tramp iron separator (not shown) and the first conveyer 4 being sequentially connected with, feed
Machine the 5, second disintegrating machine the 6, second conveyer 7 and vibrating screen classifier 8, the entrance of described first conveyer 4
Position is positioned at immediately below described reinforcing bar segregation apparatus 2, and the entry position of described second conveyer 7 is positioned at described
The underface of the second disintegrating machine 6 exit position.Shown first conveyer and the second conveyer select belt transport
Machine.Described second disintegrating machine is hammer mill.Illustrated strip straight line is ground, main disintegrating machine and
Building stones guide table fixes on the ground, and groove hole has been dug on ground, and described first conveyer one branch is positioned at groove hole,
Another part side of resting on the ground, then batcher, the second disintegrating machine, the second conveyer and vibrating screen classifier
It is installed on the ground.
Being automatically separated flow process in conjunction with the armored concrete shown in Fig. 3, armored concrete is carried out slightly by main disintegrating machine
After Po, rubble material falls into the first conveyer after reinforcing bar segregation apparatus, concurrently separates recovery reinforcing bar；Described
First transmits described rubble material is transported to batcher, and batcher carries out vibrosieve feed to described rubble material,
The direct go-no-go of big pellet that screening separates is big pellet finished product, and the rubble material after screening is laggard except ferrum through tramp iron separator
Entering the second disintegrating machine and carry out thin broken process, obtain fine rock material, fine rock material is transported to vibrosieve by the second conveyer
Extension set, layering screen gets the fine powder product of granularity at different levels, and fine powder product is not delivered to into via belt conveyer
Product stock ground.So last recovery obtains building iron and various forms of building stones, fine powder product, finished product material
Grain shape is good, and material grating is reasonable, and modulus of fineness is adjustable, and the end product quality after crushing is fully achieved
GB14685-2001 standard, can be that the industries such as high-grade highway, railway, conservancy concrete mixing plant provide conjunction
Lattice material and aggregate, finished product material production cost is low, profitable.
To sum up, the armored concrete separation regeneration techniques that the present invention provides is a kind of by building solid structure
Part carries out the advanced technology of reclaiming, the application of this technology, can not only realize turning waste into wealth, create
Huge economic benefit, and water and soil ore resource can also be saved, beautify our urban life, it has
The most wide application prospect.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all at this
Any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made within bright spirit and principle, should be included in the present invention
Protection domain within.