CN105962513A - Anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet - Google Patents

Anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105962513A
CN105962513A CN201610548665.5A CN201610548665A CN105962513A CN 105962513 A CN105962513 A CN 105962513A CN 201610548665 A CN201610548665 A CN 201610548665A CN 105962513 A CN105962513 A CN 105962513A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
helmet
layer
abs plastic
anti
collision
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610548665.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨月飞
Original Assignee
太仓市飞鸿塑钢制品有限公司
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Priority to CN201610548665.5A priority Critical patent/CN105962513A/en
Publication of CN105962513A publication Critical patent/CN105962513A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B1/00Hats; Caps; Hoods
    • A42B1/02Hats; Stiff caps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B1/00Hats; Caps; Hoods
    • A42B1/18Hats; Caps; Hoods with coverings for protecting against dust, rain, or sunshine

Abstract

The invention discloses an anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet. The anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet is formed by combining an ultraviolet-proof coating serving as an outmost layer, a transparent plastic layer serving as a middle layer and a base body serving an innermost layer, wherein the transparent plastic layer contains polycarbonate, the base body is made from ABS plastic, the ultraviolet-proof coating accounts for 6%-10% of the total weight of the anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet, the transparent plastic layer accounts for 24%-25% of the total weight of the anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet, and the base body accounts for 60%-70% of the total weight of the anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet. The anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet has the advantages of being excellent in mechanical property and very good in impact strength.

Description

防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽 Impact resistant ABS plastic helmets

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ]本发明涉及一种防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽。 [0001] The present invention relates to an impact resistant ABS plastic helmet.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]安全帽对人体头部受外力伤害起保护作用,但当前仍有一些工人甚至管理人员,漠视安全帽的保护功能和正确的使用方法。 [0002] helmet of human head injury protective effect by the external force, but currently there are still some workers even managers, ignoring protection helmet and proper use. 比如有的包工头为了多赚钱,昧着良心购进假冒伪劣的安全帽给工人用,那些假冒伪劣的安全帽,在高处坠落和物体打击的冲击力面前,往往不堪一击。 For instance, some contractors to earn more money, unconscionable purchased counterfeit helmets for workers with those fake helmets, before the impact of the falls and against objects, often vulnerable. 有些建筑工人缺乏正确使用安全帽的训练,对安全帽的保养和定期更换等知识更是贫乏。 Some construction workers lack proper training to use helmets, helmets for maintenance and periodic replacement of such knowledge is poor. 比如有的工人为了透气,在安全帽上乱钻孔,根本不知道会因此降低安全帽的抗冲击强度带来的严重后果。 For instance, some workers breathable, random drilling in the helmet, do not know will therefore reduce the serious consequences brought about by the impact strength of the helmet. 有的工人戴的安全帽很旧,使用多年还不更换。 Some workers wearing helmets very old and not used for many years to replace. 大家知道,建筑工地露天作业,因为光照强烈,气温酷热而潮湿,对塑料制造的安全帽影响很大。 As we all know, construction sites and open-air operations, because of strong light, the temperature is hot and humid, a great impact on the helmet made of plastic. 那些很旧的、大大超过两年半有效使用期限的塑料安全帽,抗冲击力的强度大大降低,在高处坠落和物体打击的冲击力面前,往往不堪一击。 Those very old, much higher than the effective lifespan of two and a half plastic helmets, impact resistance strength is greatly reduced in the face of the impact of falls and against objects, often vulnerable.

[0003]有的建筑工人错误地认为戴安全帽没有必要,因此不经常戴安全帽,有的图凉快和挡太阳戴草帽,有的因为感觉不舒服戴帽不扣带。 [0003] Some construction workers mistakenly believe that wearing a helmet is not necessary, and therefore do not always wear a helmet, drawing some cool wearing a straw hat and sun block, because some feel uncomfortable wearing a hat does not buckle. 在工地不戴安全帽非常危险,这不是危言耸听。 Not wearing helmets at the site is very dangerous, this is not alarmist. 曾有一工地的一个工人走出施工区刚摘下头上的安全帽时,他突然被从高处坠落的一颗铁钉击中脑门心,直达头颅颅骨内,经抢救无效死亡。 When there was a construction site of a construction worker out of the area just off the helmet head, he was suddenly hit by falling from a height of a nail forehead heart, skull directly inside the skull, after she died. 虽然铁钉是很小的物体,但从几十米高处坠落时,在重力加速度的作用下,碰到人体要害部位,也要成为致命伤害。 Although nails are very small objects, but when tens of meters falls, under the influence of gravitational acceleration, hit the vital parts of the body, but also become fatal injuries.

[0004]安全帽是防止冲击物伤害头部的防护用品。 [0004] helmets prevent head injury was the impact of protective equipment. 由帽壳、帽衬、下颊带和后箍组成。 A cap shell, cap liner, and a rear ferrule with a buccal composition. 帽壳呈半球形,坚固、光滑并有一定弹性,打击物的冲击和穿刺动能主要由帽壳承受。 Hemispherical shell cap, firm, smooth and have a certain elasticity, impact and puncture kinetic attacks were mainly borne by the cap shell. 帽壳和帽衬之间留有一定空间,可缓冲、分散瞬时冲击力,从而避免或减轻对头部的直接伤害。 Left between the cap and the cap shell lining a space, the buffer can be dispersed instantaneous impact force, so as to avoid or reduce the direct damage to the head. 冲击吸性性能、耐穿刺性能、侧向刚性、电绝缘性、阻燃性是对安全帽的基本技术性能的要求。 Shock absorbency properties, puncture resistance, lateral rigidity, electrical insulation, flame resistance is a basic requirement for the technical performance of the helmet.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明提供一种具有优良的力学性能,其冲击强度极好优点的防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽。 [0005] The present invention provides a excellent mechanical properties, excellent impact strength advantageous impact resistant ABS plastic helmet.

[0006]本发明的技术方案是:一种防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽,所述的防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽包括最外层的防紫外线涂层、中间层的透明塑胶层和最内层的基体组合而成,所述透明塑胶层包括聚碳酸酯,所述基体为ABS塑料,所述的防紫外线涂层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的6%_10%,所述的透明塑胶层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的24%-25%,所述的基体占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的60%-70%。 [0006] aspect of the present invention is: an anti-impact ABS plastic helmet, the impact-resistant ABS plastic helmet comprising a transparent plastic layer of the outermost UV coating, the intermediate layer and the innermost layer the combination of the matrix, said transparent layer comprising a polycarbonate plastic, the substrate is ABS plastic, the UV coating layer accounted for 6% _10% ABS plastic components of the overall impact-resistant helmet, said transparent plastic layer comprises 24% -25% ABS plastic components of the overall impact-resistant helmet, said base accounts for 60% -70% ABS plastic helmets generally impact-resistant component.

[0007]在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的防紫外线涂层包括合成树脂乳胶、纳米浆料、助剂。 [0007] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the UV coating layer comprises a synthetic resin emulsion, nano-slurry additives.

[0008]在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述的防紫外线涂层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的8%,所述的透明塑胶层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的24%,所述的基体占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的68%。 [0008] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the UV coating layer accounted for 8% ABS plastic components of the overall impact-resistant helmet, said plastic layer comprises a transparent ABS plastic components of the overall anti-impact helmets 24% of the base bodies comprise 68% ABS plastic helmets generally impact-resistant component.

[0009]本发明的一种防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽,具有优良的力学性能,其冲击强度极好的优点。 [0009] In the present invention, an anti-impact ABS plastic helmet, having excellent mechanical properties, excellent impact strength advantages.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0010]下面对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细阐述,以使本发明的优点和特征能更易于被本领域技术人员理解,从而对本发明的保护范围做出更为清楚明确的界定。 [0010] The following preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail, so that the advantages and features of the present invention can be more readily understood by those skilled in the art, in order to make more clearly the scope of clearly defined in the present invention.

[0011]其中,所述的防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽包括最外层的防紫外线涂层、中间层的透明塑胶层和最内层的基体组合而成,所述透明塑胶层包括聚碳酸酯,所述基体为ABS塑料,所述的防紫外线涂层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的6%_10%,所述的透明塑胶层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的24%-25%,所述的基体占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的60%-70%。 [0011] wherein said impact resistant ABS plastic helmet including the outermost UV coatings, transparent plastic intermediate layer and the innermost layer of the matrix composition from the transparent plastic layer comprises a polycarbonate , the substrate is ABS plastic, the anti-UV coating _10% 6% impact resistant ABS plastic components of the overall helmet, said plastic layer comprises a transparent ABS plastic components of the overall impact-resistant helmet 24% -25%, the substrate accounts for 60% -70% ABS plastic helmets generally impact-resistant component.

[0012]进一步说明,所述的防紫外线涂层包括合成树脂乳胶、纳米浆料、助剂,所述的防紫外线涂层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的8%,所述的透明塑胶层占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的24%,所述的基体占防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽总体分量的68%。 [0012] Further described, the UV coating layer comprises a synthetic resin emulsion, nano-slurry additives, the UV coating layer accounted for 8% ABS plastic components of the overall impact-resistant helmet, said transparent plastic layer comprises 24% ABS plastic components of the overall impact-resistant helmet, said base accounts for 68% ABS plastic helmets generally impact-resistant component.

[0013]在进一步说明,聚碳酸酯主要优点1、具高强度及弹性系数、高冲击强度、使用温度范围广;2、高度透明性及自由染色性;3、成形收缩率低、尺寸安定性良好;4、耐疲劳性佳;5、耐候性佳;6、电气特性优;7、无味无臭对人体无害符合卫生安全。 [0013] In further description, the main advantages of a polycarbonate, with high strength and elastic modulus, high impact strength, wide temperature range; 2, high transparency and freedom of dyeing; 3, forming low shrinkage, dimensional stability good; 4, good fatigue resistance; 5, good weather resistance; 6, excellent electrical characteristics; 7, odorless harmless health and safety compliance.

[0014]在进一步说明,ABS塑料无毒、无味,外观呈象牙色半透明,或透明颗粒或粉状。 [0014] In further description, ABS plastic, non-toxic, tasteless, ivory appearance translucent, or transparent particles or powder. 密度为I.05〜1.18g/cm3,收缩率为0.4%~0.9%,弹性模量值为2Gpa,泊松比值为0.394,吸湿性〈1%,熔融温度217〜237°C,热分解温度>250 cC13ABS塑料有优良的力学性能,其冲击强度极好,可以在极低的温度下使用;塑料ABS的耐磨性优良,尺寸稳定性好,又具有耐油性,可用于中等载荷和低转速下的轴承。 Density I.05~1.18g / cm3, a shrinkage of from 0.4% to 0.9%, an elastic modulus of 2 GPa, Poisson's ratio is 0.394, hygroscopic <1%, the melting temperature of 217~237 ° C, a thermal decomposition temperature > 250 cC13ABS plastic has excellent mechanical properties, excellent impact strength, can be used at very low temperatures; excellent wear resistance of ABS plastic, good dimensional stability, oil resistance, can be used for low-speed and medium load bearing in. ABS的耐蠕变性比PSF及PC大,但比PA及POM小。 ABS creep resistance than PSF and PC, but smaller than the PA and POM. ABS塑料的热变形温度为93〜118°C,制品经退火处理后还可提高10°C左右。 Heat distortion temperature of ABS plastic is 93~118 ° C, the products after annealing treatment can also be increased by about 10 ° C. ABS在-40 °C时仍能表现出一定的韧性,可在-40〜100°C的温度范围内使用。 ABS at -40 ° C still show a certain toughness, may be used in the temperature range of -40~100 ° C. ABS塑料的电绝缘性较好,并且几乎不受温度、湿度和频率的影响,可在大多数环境下使用。 ABS plastic electrically insulating better, and almost independent of temperature, humidity and frequency, can be used in most circumstances. ABS塑料不受水、无机盐、碱及多种酸的影响,但可溶于酮类、醛类及氯代烃中,受冰乙酸、植物油等侵蚀会产生应力开裂。 ABS plastic from water, inorganic salts, alkalis and a variety of acids, but soluble in ketones, aldehydes, and chlorinated hydrocarbons, of glacial acetic acid, vegetable oil will produce stress cracking corrosion. ABS的耐候性差,在紫外光的作用下易产生降解;于户外半年后,冲击强度下降一半。 ABS poor weather, prone to degradation under the action of ultraviolet light; outdoor six months, the impact strength is decreased by half. 本发明提供一种防撞击的ABS塑料安全帽,具有优良的力学性能,其冲击强度极好的优点。 The present invention provides an anti-impact ABS plastic helmets having excellent mechanical properties, excellent impact strength advantages.

[0015]本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本领域的技术人员在本发明所揭露的技术范围内,可不经过创造性劳动想到的变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0015] The embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, after the modification or replacement may occur creative efforts are It should fall within the scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明的保护范围应该以权利要求书所限定的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the claims scope of protection as defined prevail.

Claims (3)

1.一种多功能玻璃钢安全帽,其特征在于:所述的多功能玻璃钢安全帽包括最外层的防电磁辐射层、中间层的橡胶层和最内层的基体组合而成,所述防电磁辐射层包括不锈钢金属纤维,所述基体包括不饱和特种聚脂树脂和无碱高强度玻璃纤维布,所述的防电磁辐射层占多功能玻璃钢安全帽总体分量的26%-30%,所述的橡胶层占多功能玻璃钢安全帽总体分量的4%_5%,所述的基体占多功能玻璃钢安全帽总体分量的64%-70%。 1. A multifunctional fiberglass helmet, wherein: said helmet comprises a multifunctional fiberglass electromagnetic radiation outermost layer, the intermediate rubber layer and the innermost layer of the matrix combination, the anti- electromagnetic radiation comprises a stainless steel fiber layer, the matrix comprises an unsaturated polyester resin, and a special high-strength alkali-free glass fiber cloth, the layer of electromagnetic radiation 26% -30% overall multifunction fiberglass helmet component, the said rubber layer is 4% [5% overall multifunction fiberglass helmet component, the base 64% -70% overall multifunction fiberglass helmet components.
2.根据权利要求1所述的多功能玻璃钢安全帽,其特征在于:所述的橡胶层为天然橡胶。 Multifunctional according to claim 1 of the GRP helmet, wherein: said layer of rubber is natural rubber.
3.根据权利要求1所述的多功能玻璃钢安全帽,其特征在于:所述的防电磁辐射层占多功能玻璃钢安全帽总体分量的26%,所述的橡胶层占多功能玻璃钢安全帽总体分量的4%,所述的基体占多功能玻璃钢安全帽总体分量的70%。 Multifunctional according to claim 1 of the GRP helmet, wherein: said electromagnetic radiation preventing layer 26% glass fiber reinforced multifunctional overall helmet component, the rubber layer accounts for the overall multifunction fiberglass helmet 4% of the component, the base 70% overall multifunction fiberglass helmet components.
CN201610548665.5A 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 Anti-collision ABS plastic safety helmet CN105962513A (en)

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CN106108204A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-11-16 太仓市飞鸿塑钢制品有限公司 Multifunctional fiber reinforced plastic helmet
CN107296318A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-27 福建泉州海滨防护装备有限公司 Antiriot helmet and preparing method thereof

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CN101227842A (en) * 2005-02-16 2008-07-23 森尼思有限责任公司 Energy-absorbing liners and shape conforming layers for use with protective headgear
CN101744399A (en) * 2008-11-28 2010-06-23 王春发 Headpiece case and manufacture method thereof
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106108204A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-11-16 太仓市飞鸿塑钢制品有限公司 Multifunctional fiber reinforced plastic helmet
CN107296318A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-27 福建泉州海滨防护装备有限公司 Antiriot helmet and preparing method thereof

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