CN105961089A - Matrix automation water circulation heating device - Google Patents

Matrix automation water circulation heating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105961089A
CN105961089A CN201610314318.6A CN201610314318A CN105961089A CN 105961089 A CN105961089 A CN 105961089A CN 201610314318 A CN201610314318 A CN 201610314318A CN 105961089 A CN105961089 A CN 105961089A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
substrate
host computer
sealing frame
heating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610314318.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105961089B (en
Inventor
周霓
白胜
蒋浩宏
周峰
张慧
阳圣莹
许龙江
刘瑞
邱大东
李曦怡
朱亮
朱润华
黄树谦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mianyang Wugufeng Agriculture Development Co ltd
Service Center Sichuan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Mianyang Wugufeng Agriculture Development Co ltd
Service Center Sichuan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mianyang Wugufeng Agriculture Development Co ltd, Service Center Sichuan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Mianyang Wugufeng Agriculture Development Co ltd
Priority to CN201610314318.6A priority Critical patent/CN105961089B/en
Publication of CN105961089A publication Critical patent/CN105961089A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105961089B publication Critical patent/CN105961089B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/245Conduits for heating by means of liquids, e.g. used as frame members or for soil heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters, e.g. boilers, continuous-flow heaters or water-storage heaters
    • F24H1/18Water-storage heaters
    • F24H1/20Water-storage heaters with immersed heating elements, e.g. electric elements or furnace tubes
    • F24H1/201Water-storage heaters with immersed heating elements, e.g. electric elements or furnace tubes using electric energy supply
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/20Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24H9/2007Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heaters
    • F24H9/2014Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heaters using electrical energy supply
    • F24H9/2021Storage heaters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a matrix automation water circulation heating device comprising a host computer, a heating plate, a heating water pool, matrix temperature sensors, water temperature sensors, a seal empty space and a return water pool; the water temperature sensors are arranged in the seal empty space; the matrix temperature sensors are arranged in the matrix; the seal empty space is arranged in the matrix; the water temperature sensors and matrix temperature sensors are wirelessly connected with the host computer; the water outlet of the heating water pool is connected with the water inlet of the seal empty space through a pipeline, and the pipeline is provided with a water inlet controller wirelessly connected with the host computer; the water outlet of the seal empty space is connected with the return water pool through a pipeline, wherein the pipeline is provided with a water outlet controller wirelessly connected with the host computer; the return water pool is connected with the heating water pool, and the connection portion is provided with a return water controller. The matrix automation water circulation heating device can improve safety guarantee, can provide environmental protection energy saving effect, reduces cost, and thus providing more economic benefits.

Description

Substrate Automated water circulating heater
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water circulating heater, particularly relate to a kind of in low temp area and greenhouse gardening, substrate Automated water circulating heater, belongs to heating device technology area.
Background technology
Substrate temperature is many on the impact of plant, and it directly affects the growth of plant, growth, also contributes to plant The growth pattern of thing, the accumulation of above and below ground dry and root/shoot ratio.Within the scope of certain temperature, substrate temperature is the highest, makees The growth promoter of thing is the fastest.And current, too low it occur frequently that damage to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature due to substrate temperature the most in the winter time in low temp area, so that Growth and development of plants is suppressed and hinders, even dead.
At present, in order to solve the harm of Plant Chilling-injury, during low temp area and greenhouse gardening, usually in order to plant The method heated and use laying plastic.Owing at cold zone, surface temperature is the lowest, therefore, mulch film to a certain extent can Enough play insulation effect, but not notable for plant root temperature effect, and especially during botanical seedling culturing, effect is undesirable.
The method burying electric wire and electric hot plate in substrate or soil is used to heat to substrate it addition, also have, but, this Mode of heating can not use, when needs are irrigated with irrigating simultaneously, it is necessary to closes heating power supply, is otherwise susceptible to electric leakage, deposits In great potential safety hazard.Can not carry out simultaneously as irrigate and heat simultaneously, cause heating continuous not, have influence on work The growth of thing.This mode of heating uses strip fire-bar, causes heating the most uneven.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to: a kind of substrate Automated water circulating heater is provided, utilizes water circulating-heating, for low Substrate in temperature area and planting greenhouse carries out heating, being incubated, and promotes plant growing, volume increase, solves existing plant and heat employing The heating that laying plastic exists that heat insulation effect is the best, bury wire-heated exists is uneven, seriality is bad and the deficiency of potential safety hazard, Realize Automated water circulating-heating.
It is an object of the invention to be realized by following technical proposals: a kind of substrate Automated water circulating heater, bag Including host computer, heating plate, Heating pool and substrate temperature sensor, heating plate is located in Heating pool, substrate temperature sensor With host computer wireless connections, also including water temperature sensor, sealing frame dead level and backwater pond, water temperature sensor is placed in In sealing frame dead level, substrate temperature sensor is placed in Medium Culture, and sealing frame dead level is located at Medium Culture;Water temperature sensor is with upper Position machine wireless connections;The outlet of Heating pool is connected with the water inlet of sealing frame dead level by pipeline, is provided with on this pipeline With host computer wireless connections enter water controller;The outlet of sealing frame dead level is connected with backwater pond, at this pipe by pipeline Road be provided with host computer wireless connections go out water controller;Backwater pond is connected with Heating pool, is provided with backwater in junction Controller.
As a kind of optimal way, described in enter water controller and include a water pump and an electromagnetic valve, host computer passes through ZigBee wireless senser is connected with a water pump and an electromagnetic valve respectively.ZigBee be one closely, low-power consumption, low speed Rate, the radio network technique of low cost.
As a kind of optimal way, described in go out water controller and include No. two water pumps and No. two electromagnetic valves, host computer passes through ZIGBEE wireless senser is connected with No. two water pumps and No. two electromagnetic valves.
As a kind of optimal way, described backwater controller is No. three electromagnetic valves, and host computer passes through ZigBee wireless sensing Device and No. three electromagnetic valves are connected.
As a kind of optimal way, water temperature sensor, substrate temperature sensor and heating plate pass through ZigBee respectively Wireless senser and host computer wireless connections.Enter water controller by host computer controlled in wireless, go out water controller and backwater control The opening and closing of device, thus realize the automatization of whole system water circulation.
As a kind of optimal way, the surrounding of sealing frame dead level is aluminum skin, the height of sealing frame dead level distance substrate upper surface Degree is 30-40cm.Its heat energy that makes of this height can play optimal effect.
As further preferred embodiment, described sealing frame dead level is airtight hollow box like structure, entering of sealing frame dead level One end of hollow box is located at the mouth of a river, and the outlet of sealing frame dead level is located at the other end of hollow box, touching of water temperature sensor Head end inserts in hollow box through substrate.
As further preferred embodiment, described hollow box is rectangular structure, is provided with vertical aluminum in sealing frame dead level Cutaneous branch support.This aluminum cutaneous branch support is used for supporting aluminium sheet, is crushed when preventing substrate blocked up.
As a kind of optimal way, heating plate is row's heating rod, is provided with stopping means between heating plate and host computer.Limit Position device is used for limiting and controlling heating plate height in Heating pool, automatically setting altitude range.
In the present invention, the effect of part is as follows:
Heating pool, sealing frame dead level and backwater pond: constituting the basic circulation of Automated water circulating heater, water is as Jie Matter, heats in Heating pool, forms hot water and is flowed in sealing frame dead level by water pipe more later, sealing frame dead level with Carrying out heat exchange between substrate, the hot water in sealing frame dead level flows back in backwater pond by water pipe after slowly cooling down, backwater water Water in pond enters back into Heating pool and heats, thus constitutes Automated water loop heating system.
Heating plate: be made up of row's heating rod, be positioned in Heating pool, for the water in Heating pool, heating plate Height regulates and controls according to stopping means, can be according to the concrete set point of practical situation.
A number water pump and an electromagnetic valve: constitute into water controller, by the wireless connections with host computer, and then by upper Position machine comes number water pump of controlled in wireless and the opening and closing of an electromagnetic valve.
No. two water pumps and No. two electromagnetic valves: constitute and water controller, by the wireless connections with host computer, and then by upper Position machine comes No. two water pumps of controlled in wireless and the opening and closing of No. two electromagnetic valves.
No. three electromagnetic valves: as backwater controller, by the wireless connections with host computer, and then come wireless by host computer Control the opening and closing of No. three electromagnetic valves.
Substrate temperature sensor and water temperature sensor: substrate temperature sensor is arranged in substrate, be used for monitoring base The temperature of matter, and the substrate temperature of monitoring gained is passed to host computer by ZIGBEE wireless senser;Water temperature senses Device is arranged in sealing frame dead level, is used for monitoring the temperature of water in sealing frame dead level, and is passed through by the water temperature of monitoring gained ZIGBEE wireless senser passes to host computer;Host computer contrast water temperature and substrate temperature, then determine entering water management Device, go out the control of water controller and backwater controller.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention be directed to existing heating devices heat uneven, even Continuous property is bad, safety is poor, it is impossible to enough realize Automated water circulation and the improvement that carries out, due to the substrate temperature life to plant Long development impact is relatively big, and the present invention realizes heating substrate, being incubated, uniformly continuous by Automated water loop heating system Heating, fully ensures that the preference temperature required for plant growing, provides stable root system environment for plant growing, promotes that plant is fast Fast-growing is long, from freeze injury, is beneficial to improve its yield and quality;Meanwhile, water circulating-heating improves safety guarantee, environmental protection and energy saving, Reduce cost, it is possible to bring bigger economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the floor map of substrate Automated water circulating heater of the present invention.
The structural representation of the sealing frame dead level that Fig. 2 is in substrate.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of Heating pool.
In figure: substrate temperature sensor-1, host computer-2, heating plate-3, water pump-4, No. two water pump-5, an electricity Magnet valve-6, No. two electromagnetic valve-7, No. three electromagnetic valve-8, sealing frame dead level-9, Heating pool-10, backwater pond-11, water temperature temperature Degree sensor-12, substrate-13, aluminum cutaneous branch support-14, stopping means-15.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
All features disclosed in this specification, or disclosed all methods or during step, except mutually exclusive Speciality and/or step beyond, all can combine by any way, unless specifically stated otherwise, all can by other equivalence or there is class Replaced like the alternative features of purpose, i.e. unless specifically stated otherwise, in a series of equivalences of each feature or similar characteristics Individual embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, substrate Automated water circulating heater of the present invention, it includes host computer 2, heating plate 3, close Envelope Stilt layer 9, backwater pond 11, Heating pool 10, water temperature sensor 12 and substrate temperature sensor 1, heating plate 3 is located at In Heating pool 10, water temperature sensor 12 is placed in sealing frame dead level 9, and substrate temperature sensor 1 is placed in substrate 13, close Envelope Stilt layer 9 is located in substrate 13.
Substrate temperature sensor 1 and water temperature sensor 12 respectively with host computer 2 wireless connections;Specifically at the present embodiment In, water temperature sensor 12, substrate temperature sensor 1 and heating plate 3 are respectively by ZigBee wireless senser and host computer 2 Wireless connections.ZigBee be a kind of closely, low-power consumption, low rate, the radio network technique of low cost.
Heating plate 3 is row's heating rod, is provided with stopping means 15 between heating plate 3 and host computer 2.This stopping means is electricity Control stop, stopping means and host computer wireless connections, regulated away from water surface elevation according to concrete set point by host computer.
The outlet of Heating pool 10 is connected with the water inlet of sealing frame dead level 9 by pipeline, this pipeline is provided with and Host computer 2 wireless connections enter water controller;Described enter water controller include a water pump 4 and an electromagnetic valve 6, host computer 2 It is connected with a water pump 4 and an electromagnetic valve 6 respectively by ZigBee wireless senser.Host computer controls it by acquisition information Opening and closing.
The outlet of sealing frame dead level 9 is connected with backwater pond 11 by pipeline, is provided with and host computer 2 nothing on this pipeline What line connected goes out water controller;Described go out water controller include No. two water pumps 5 and No. two electromagnetic valves 7, host computer 2 passes through ZigBee Wireless senser is connected with No. two water pumps 5 and No. two electromagnetic valves 7.Host computer controls its opening and closing by acquisition information.
Backwater pond 11 is connected with Heating pool 10, is provided with backwater controller in junction.Described backwater controller is three Number electromagnetic valve 8, host computer 2 is connected by ZigBee wireless senser and No. three electromagnetic valves 8.Host computer controls by obtaining information Its opening and closing.
In the present embodiment, the surrounding of sealing frame dead level 9 is aluminum skin, and the height of aluminum skin top distance stromal surface is 30-40cm.Described sealing frame dead level 9 is airtight hollow box like structure, and the water inlet of sealing frame dead level 9 is located at the one of hollow box Holding, the outlet of sealing frame dead level 9 is located at the other end of hollow box, and the contact end of water temperature sensor 12 is inserted through substrate 13 Enter in hollow box;Described hollow box is rectangular structure, is provided with vertical aluminum cutaneous branch support 14 in sealing frame dead level 9.
The workflow of the present invention:
Substrate temperature is uploaded to host computer 2 by ZigBee wireless senser by substrate temperature sensor 1, and host computer 2 is receiving After data, with the original Heating pool water temperature range set contrast, when substrate temperature is less than minimum temperature, host computer 2 opens The water of Heating pool 10 is heated by dynamic heating plate 3, when the temperature of the water in Heating pool is heated to water temperature maximum, Host computer 2 is automatically switched off heating plate 3.Now, host computer 2 controls a water pump 4 and an electromagnetic valve 6 is opened, by Heating pool Hot water in 10 is extracted into, by a water pump 4, the sealing frame dead level 9 that aluminum skin is made, when reaching the water temperature upper limit of sealing frame dead level 9, Information is uploaded to host computer 2 by water temperature sensor 12, and host computer 2 controls a water pump 4 and an electromagnetic valve 6 closes automatically Close, thus form temperature raising and maintaining layer.Sealing frame dead level and substrate carry out thermal energy exchange, are passed to by the heat energy in sealing frame dead level Substrate, during until the water temperature of sealing frame dead level 9 is less than substrate temperature, host computer 2 control No. two electromagnetic valves 7 and No. two water pumps 5 from Moving and open, the water in sealing frame dead level 9 is extracted in backwater pond 11 storage.When water deficiency in Heating pool, by upper Machine 2 controls No. three electromagnetic valves 8 and opens, and is extracted in Heating pool 10 by the water in backwater pond.After drawing water, host computer 2 opens The water of Heating pool 10 is heated by dynamic heating plate 3, constitutes a new heat cycles.Temperature when the water in Heating pool When being heated to water temperature maximum, host computer 2 is automatically switched off heating plate 3.Now, host computer 2 controls a water pump 4 and an electricity Magnet valve 6 is opened, and forms again new temperature raising and maintaining layer.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made within god and principle, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a substrate Automated water circulating heater, including host computer (2), heating plate (3), Heating pool (10) and substrate Temperature sensor (1), it is interior that heating plate (3) is located at Heating pool (10), substrate temperature sensor (1) and host computer (2) wireless company Connect, it is characterised in that: also include water temperature sensor (12), sealing frame dead level (9) and backwater pond (11), water temperature biography Sensor (12) is placed in sealing frame dead level (9), and substrate temperature sensor (1) is placed in substrate (13), and sealing frame dead level (9) is located at In substrate (13);Water temperature sensor (12) and host computer (2) wireless connections;The outlet of Heating pool (10) passes through pipeline Be connected with the water inlet of sealing frame dead level (9), this pipeline is provided with host computer (2) wireless connections enter water controller;Close The outlet of envelope Stilt layer (9) is connected with backwater pond (11) by pipeline, is provided with and host computer (2) wireless company on this pipeline Connect goes out water controller;Backwater pond (11) is connected with Heating pool (10), is provided with backwater controller in junction.
2. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that enter water controller described in: and include A number water pump (4) and an electromagnetic valve (6), host computer (2) by ZigBee wireless senser respectively with a water pump 4 and No. one Electromagnetic valve (6) is connected.
3. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that go out water controller described in: and include No. two water pumps (5) and No. two electromagnetic valves (7), host computer (2) is by ZigBee wireless senser and No. two water pumps (5) and No. two electricity Magnet valve (7) is connected.
4. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described backwater controller is three Number electromagnetic valve (8), host computer (2) is connected with No. three electromagnetic valves (8) by ZigBee wireless senser.
5. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: water temperature sensor (12), substrate temperature sensor (1) and heating plate (3) are respectively by ZigBee wireless senser and host computer (2) wireless connections.
6. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the four of sealing frame dead level (9) Week is aluminum skin, and the height of sealing frame dead level (9) distance substrate upper surface is 30-40cm.
7. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: described sealing frame dead level (9) For airtight hollow box like structure, the water inlet of sealing frame dead level (9) is located at one end of hollow box, going out of sealing frame dead level (9) The other end of hollow box is located at the mouth of a river, and the contact end of water temperature sensor (12) is inserted in hollow box through substrate (13).
8. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: described hollow box is cuboid Structure, is provided with vertical aluminum cutaneous branch support (14) in sealing frame dead level (9).
9. substrate Automated water circulating heater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: heating plate (3) is that a row adds Hot pin, is provided with stopping means (15) between heating plate (3) and host computer (2).
CN201610314318.6A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Automatic water circulation heating device for substrate Active CN105961089B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610314318.6A CN105961089B (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Automatic water circulation heating device for substrate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610314318.6A CN105961089B (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Automatic water circulation heating device for substrate

Publications (2)

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CN105961089A true CN105961089A (en) 2016-09-28
CN105961089B CN105961089B (en) 2021-07-30

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Country Status (1)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050120626A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-06-09 Prescott Mark R. Plant growth container
CN202979298U (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-06-05 东北林业大学 Intelligent measurement and control system of greenhouse based on Zigbee Technology
CN103210809A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-07-24 东北农业大学 Automated greenhouse based on adjustment and control of physical agriculture biological electric field
CN203840859U (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-09-24 赵颖雷 Full-automatic microenvironment-control seedling equipment
CN203840860U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-09-24 赵颖雷 Full-automatic solar water circulation constant-temperature seedling bed
CN105474852A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-13 云南省烟草公司昭通市公司 Nursery pond water circulation fertilizing device with heating function

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050120626A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-06-09 Prescott Mark R. Plant growth container
CN202979298U (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-06-05 东北林业大学 Intelligent measurement and control system of greenhouse based on Zigbee Technology
CN103210809A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-07-24 东北农业大学 Automated greenhouse based on adjustment and control of physical agriculture biological electric field
CN203840859U (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-09-24 赵颖雷 Full-automatic microenvironment-control seedling equipment
CN203840860U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-09-24 赵颖雷 Full-automatic solar water circulation constant-temperature seedling bed
CN105474852A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-13 云南省烟草公司昭通市公司 Nursery pond water circulation fertilizing device with heating function

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