CN105953596A - Device for preheating aluminum scraps by using smoke afterheat of aluminum melting furnace of agricultural aluminum machinery - Google Patents

Device for preheating aluminum scraps by using smoke afterheat of aluminum melting furnace of agricultural aluminum machinery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105953596A
CN105953596A CN201610375065.3A CN201610375065A CN105953596A CN 105953596 A CN105953596 A CN 105953596A CN 201610375065 A CN201610375065 A CN 201610375065A CN 105953596 A CN105953596 A CN 105953596A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
aluminum
melting furnace
feed
fixed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610375065.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105953596B (en
Inventor
黄朝
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合肥雄川机械销售有限公司
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Priority to CN201610375065.3A priority Critical patent/CN105953596B/en
Publication of CN105953596A publication Critical patent/CN105953596A/en
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Publication of CN105953596B publication Critical patent/CN105953596B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D17/00Arrangements for using waste heat; Arrangements for using, or disposing of, waste gases
    • F27D17/004Systems for reclaiming waste heat

Abstract

The invention discloses a device for preheating aluminum scraps by using smoke afterheat of an aluminum melting furnace of agricultural aluminum machinery. The device comprises a feed box and a discharge box; the feed box is in a a rectangular cylinder shape, one port is fixedly provided with a feed hopper, the other port is communicated with a connecting box, and an air inlet is formed in one side of the upper surface of the feed box; the discharge box is in a a rectangular cylinder shape, one port is fixed with a discharge hopper, the other port is communicated with the connecting box, and an air outlet is formed in one side of the upper surface of the discharge box; multiple connecting boxes are fixed between the feed box and the discharge box; and conveying plates are fixed in the connecting boxes. The device is designed for heating aluminum materials through the smoke afterheat of the aluminum melting furnace, adopts an intermittent heating feed box structure, realizes absorption of smoke temperatures in different temperature intervals through arrangement of multiple heating feed boxes, widens the application range, and improves the use efficiency of the aluminum melting furnace while improving the energy utilization rate.

Description

Device for the aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits of agricultural aluminum machinery
Technical field
The invention belongs to aluminium melting furnace field, particularly relate to a kind of aluminium melting furnace flue gas for agricultural aluminum machinery The device of waste heat preheating aluminum bits.
Background technology
Farm machinery is increasingly partial to lighting, and aluminium material is more and more used in farm machinery production, and one As time melting is processed for aluminum bits, energy profit is conducive to for the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of the high-temperature flue gas of aluminium melting furnace With the raising of rate.Owing to the apparatus structure of the fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits of prior art is the most fixing, it is impossible to root Carrying out suitable structural adjustment according to flue-gas temperature, range of application is narrower.Accordingly, it would be desirable to a kind of structure can basis The size of the temperature modifying structure of waste heat flue gas, to make full use of the thermograde of high-temperature flue gas.
Aluminium melting furnace is a kind of novel high-efficiency and energy-saving stove developed according to aluminum smelting technology, and it can meet well In aluminum smelting technology: alloy composition requires tight, producing discontinuous, single heat size is bigger waits requirement, reaches Reduce and consume, reduce scaling loss, improve product quality, reduce labor intensity, improve working conditions and improve life Produce effect of efficiency, it is adaptable to the melting that batch operation, gold conjugate and foundry returns are many.
Aluminum produces amount of heat in melting fusion process, and heat energy taste is the most recyclable to be used. Aluminium melting furnace most for China, the heat taken away from the flue gas of discharge constitutes about the total heat outputting of aluminium melting furnace The 40%-60% of amount.Their exhaust gas temperature higher than 600 DEG C, already belongs to high-temperature residual heat resource, typically mostly Exhaust gas temperature often reduces by 10 DEG C, and the efficiency of aluminium melting furnace can improve 0.5%-0.6%.Therefore, exhaust gas heat loss misses the season Maximum in aluminium melting furnace loss one, Mist heat recovering has the biggest energy-saving potential.
Summary of the invention
The present invention by being used for preheating aluminium by the fume afterheat of aluminium melting furnace, and design device, this dress The step heating bin structure put, solves existing aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat loss amount big, utilizes not Fully, the narrow problem of structure range of application.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The present invention provides the device of a kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits for agricultural aluminum machinery, bag Including rectangular drum like material feeding box and feed box, the upper surface side of described material feeding box is provided with air inlet;Described discharging The upper surface side of case is provided with gas outlet;Some connecting boxs, institute it is communicated with between described material feeding box and feed box It is fixed with delivery board in stating connecting box;Center, described delivery board two sides is respectively equipped with rotating shaft, a described rotating shaft On be fixed with sprocket wheel.
Further, center, described connecting box two sides is respectively equipped with axle and fixes seat, the two ends of described connecting box Face is respectively equipped with fixed plate, and described fixed plate is evenly equipped with some bolts hole, and adjacent described connecting box passes through spiral shell The mode of bolt is fixed.
Further, described delivery board is rectangular plate-like, is rotatably assorted with connecting box;Turning of described delivery board Axle is fixed on the axle of connecting box two sides and fixes on seat;Described delivery board pass through chain V belt translation, chain belt one end with Sprocket wheel connects, and one end is connected with motor.Each delivery board is separately provided a motor, turning by delivery board Move and aluminum bits are flowed along preheating device, and make high-temperature flue gas in connecting box, aluminum bits be heated one by one.
Further, it is respectively fixed with delivery board in described material feeding box and feed box;The charging of described material feeding box Bucket expects mouth upward, the discharge bucket material mouth down of described feed box.
The method have the advantages that
The present invention by being used for preheating aluminium by the fume afterheat of aluminium melting furnace, and design device, this dress The step heating bin structure put so that the temperature of flue gas is sufficiently absorbed by aluminium, quickly reduces Flue-gas temperature, and, by arranging the heating hopper of different number, it is achieved the flue gas temperature that different temperatures is interval Degree absorbs, and increases range of application, while improving energy utilization rate, improves the service efficiency of aluminium melting furnace.
Certainly, the arbitrary product implementing the present invention it is not absolutely required to reach all the above advantage simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, embodiment will be described required below The accompanying drawing used is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawing in describing below is only the one of the present invention A little embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, also Other accompanying drawing can be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the device knot of a kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits for agricultural aluminum machinery of the present invention Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the device of a kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits for agricultural aluminum machinery of the present invention Feed box structural representation;
Fig. 3 is that a kind of device for the aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits of agricultural aluminum machinery of the present invention enters Bin structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the device of a kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits for agricultural aluminum machinery of the present invention Connecting box structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the device of a kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum bits for agricultural aluminum machinery of the present invention Delivery board structural representation;
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1-discharge bucket, 2-gas outlet, 3-connecting box, 4-sprocket wheel, 5-feed hopper, 6-air inlet, 7-carries Plate, 8-feed box, 9-material feeding box, 301-axle fixes seat, 302-fixed plate, 701-rotating shaft.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clearly Chu, be fully described by, it is clear that described embodiment be only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than Whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creation The all other embodiments obtained under property work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-5, the present invention is that a kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat for agricultural aluminum machinery is pre- The device of hot aluminum bits, including rectangular drum like material feeding box 9 and feed box 8, the upper surface side of material feeding box 9 is provided with Air inlet 6;The upper surface side of feed box 8 is provided with gas outlet 2;Connect between material feeding box 9 and feed box 8 There are some connecting boxs 3, in connecting box 3, are fixed with delivery board 7;Center, delivery board 7 two sides is respectively equipped with and turns Axle 701, a rotating shaft 701 is fixed with sprocket wheel 4.
Wherein, center, connecting box 3 two sides is respectively equipped with axle and fixes seat 301, and the both ends of the surface of connecting box 3 are respectively Being provided with fixed plate 302, fixed plate 302 is evenly equipped with some bolts hole, adjacent described connecting box 3 passes through bolt Mode fix.
Wherein, delivery board 7 is rectangular plate-like, is rotatably assorted with connecting box 3;The rotating shaft 701 of delivery board 7 The axle being fixed on connecting box 3 two sides is fixed on seat 301;Delivery board 7 is by chain V belt translation, chain belt one end Being connected with sprocket wheel 4, one end is connected with motor.Each delivery board 7 is separately provided a motor, by conveying The rotation of plate 7 makes aluminum bits flow along preheating device, and makes high-temperature flue gas right in connecting box 3 one by one Aluminum bits heating.
Wherein, it is respectively fixed with delivery board 7 in material feeding box 9 and feed box 8;Feed hopper 5 material of material feeding box 9 Mouthful upward, the discharge bucket 1 material mouth down of feed box 8.
The application process of the present embodiment is:
First, aluminium is pulverized by cutting breaking, send into feed hopper 5, high-temperature flue gas by hoisting mechanism Be passed through delivery board 7 that air inlet 6, feed hopper 5 and air inlet 6 be provided with by driven by motor, delivery board 7 with Material feeding box 9 medial surface is slidably matched, and the rotation of delivery board 7 drives aluminum bits to be moved along;Material feeding box 9 with go out It is fixed with three connecting boxs 3 between hopper 8, is rotationally connected the delivery board 7 of case 3 successively, make aluminum bits and high temperature Flue gas heats one by one, and then aluminum bits export through the discharge bucket 1 of feed box 8, and flue gas is through gas outlet 2 Output.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment is only intended to help to illustrate the present invention.Preferred embodiment is not There is all of details of detailed descriptionthe, be also not intended to the detailed description of the invention that this invention is only described.Obviously, root According to the content of this specification, can make many modifications and variations.It is real that these are chosen and specifically described to this specification Execute example, be to preferably explain the principle of the present invention and actual application, so that art technology Personnel can be best understood by and utilize the present invention.The present invention is only by claims and four corner thereof and equivalence The restriction of thing.

Claims (4)

1. the device considered to be worth doing for the aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum of agricultural aluminum machinery, its feature exists In, including rectangular drum like material feeding box (9) and feed box (8), the upper surface side of described material feeding box (9) It is provided with air inlet (6);The upper surface side of described feed box (8) is provided with gas outlet (2);Described material feeding box (9) and between feed box (8), be communicated with some connecting boxs (3), it is fixed with defeated in described connecting box (3) Send plate (7);Described delivery board (7) center, two sides is respectively equipped with rotating shaft (701), a described rotating shaft (701) On be fixed with sprocket wheel (4).
A kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum for agricultural aluminum machinery the most according to claim 1 The device of bits, it is characterised in that described connecting box (3) center, two sides is respectively equipped with axle and fixes seat (301), The both ends of the surface of described connecting box (3) are respectively equipped with fixed plate (302), and described fixed plate (302) is upper uniform Some bolts hole, adjacent described connecting box (3) is had to fix by the way of bolt.
A kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum for agricultural aluminum machinery the most according to claim 1 The device of bits, it is characterised in that described delivery board (7) is rectangular plate-like, rotates with connecting box (3) and joins Close;The rotating shaft (701) of described delivery board (7) is fixed on the axle of connecting box (3) two sides and fixes seat (301) On;Described delivery board (7) passes through chain V belt translation, and chain belt one end is connected with sprocket wheel (4), one end and motor Connect.
A kind of aluminium melting furnace fume afterheat preheating aluminum for agricultural aluminum machinery the most according to claim 1 The device of bits, it is characterised in that be respectively fixed with delivery board in described material feeding box (9) and feed box (8) (7);The feed hopper (5) of described material feeding box (9) expects mouth upward, the discharge bucket (1) of described feed box (8) Material mouth down.
CN201610375065.3A 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 Device for the aluminum melting furnace flue gas exhaust heat preheating aluminium skimmings of agricultural aluminum machinery CN105953596B (en)

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CN201610375065.3A CN105953596B (en) 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 Device for the aluminum melting furnace flue gas exhaust heat preheating aluminium skimmings of agricultural aluminum machinery

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CN201610375065.3A CN105953596B (en) 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 Device for the aluminum melting furnace flue gas exhaust heat preheating aluminium skimmings of agricultural aluminum machinery

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CN105953596B CN105953596B (en) 2018-02-13

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009186157A (en) * 2008-02-08 2009-08-20 Zet:Kk Aluminum melting furnace
CN202836236U (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-03-27 保定安保能冶金设备有限公司 Aluminum filing drying preheating device
CN203928760U (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-11-05 肇庆市大正铝业有限公司 A kind of aluminium scrap sliced materials preheating device
CN203960302U (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-26 福建省科源新型材料有限公司 A kind of aluminium scrap goods recycling generates the production system of aluminium ingot
CN204830903U (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-02 赵迷迷 A device for melting aluminium kiln gas preheats aluminium considers to be worth doing

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009186157A (en) * 2008-02-08 2009-08-20 Zet:Kk Aluminum melting furnace
CN202836236U (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-03-27 保定安保能冶金设备有限公司 Aluminum filing drying preheating device
CN203928760U (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-11-05 肇庆市大正铝业有限公司 A kind of aluminium scrap sliced materials preheating device
CN203960302U (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-26 福建省科源新型材料有限公司 A kind of aluminium scrap goods recycling generates the production system of aluminium ingot
CN204830903U (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-02 赵迷迷 A device for melting aluminium kiln gas preheats aluminium considers to be worth doing

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