CN105952140A - Cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105952140A
CN105952140A CN201610328168.4A CN201610328168A CN105952140A CN 105952140 A CN105952140 A CN 105952140A CN 201610328168 A CN201610328168 A CN 201610328168A CN 105952140 A CN105952140 A CN 105952140A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
template
support
mould
tool
steel
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CN201610328168.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105952140B (en
Inventor
石志强
高丽丽
李文龙
杨春生
刘小旦
寇俊洋
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安阳工学院
安阳营建科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610328168.4A priority Critical patent/CN105952140B/en
Publication of CN105952140A publication Critical patent/CN105952140A/en
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Publication of CN105952140B publication Critical patent/CN105952140B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G19/00Auxiliary treatment of forms, e.g. dismantling; Cleaning devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • E04G2009/023Forming boards or similar elements with edge protection

Abstract

A cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system comprises a tool type steel frame wood plastic template, a tool type angle steel frame column template, a tool type variable column hoop, a tool type beam template support, a rapid support, and a support top connecting seat; said members are mutually connected to form the cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system; the cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system construction method comprises a steel bar concrete frame structure construction process and a steel bar concrete shear wall structure construction process; the steel frame wood plastic template system comprises the following processes: design, formwork, casting, and dismounting. The cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system is standard, rapid in formwork, early in dismounting, high in efficiency, high in safety factor, economical and practical, low in carbon consumption, environment friendly, can save resources, and the recycle number can be above 500 times; even if the steel back frame cannot be restored, the cast in situ concrete tool type steel frame wood plastic template system can be fully recovered for producing steel; the system and method are low in comprehensive usage cost.

Description

Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system and construction technology thereof for cast-in-place concrete

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of building template system and construction technology, particularly to for the tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system of cast-in-place concrete and construction technology thereof, belong to technical field of buildings.

Background technology

In current building trade, xoncrete structure occupies leading position, the technological innovation in concrete blinding field and new technology spread, have market prospect widely, and the feature of China's template industry is that number of the enterprise is various, small scale, technical merit is low, and the competition of modern enterprise is mainly reflected in the competition of innovation ability, it is possible to constantly carry out Continuous Innovation on the basis of prior art, the technology development making enterprise can lead over whole industry, the most just obtains the competitiveness of enterprise.The existing concrete blinding being most widely used is " fastener type steel pipe supports plywood form system ", and this template system is formed formwork bracing system by rod members such as supported rod erecting, bar of sweeping the floor, girt, bridgings by fastener connection;Formed template by adjustable bracketing, main stupefied, plywood stupefied, secondary and set up adjustment system, this template system needs entirety to install overall pulling down, template construction is long in time limit, disposable input material is many, construction cost is high, and the process that installs of this template system needs many people to coordinate, and labor intensity is big, production efficiency is low, takes a lot of work laborious.Shuttering supporting vertical pole's span is arranged the most random, construction reference is difficult to carry out, cause running mould, spillage, the construction common faults such as cracking frequently occur, result even in template cave-in accident, template plate face uses plywood splicing to assemble, template arbitrarily cuts phenomenon and generally exists, cause the template proportion of goods damageds bigger, follow closely after template splicing in secondary stupefied on, the template in one room is substantially an entirety, can not dismantle by subdividing during form removal, whole room integral demounting often, can not accomplish to handle with care, during causing form removal, template is damaged in a large number, add the proportion of goods damageds of template, template serious waste of resources.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to the drawbacks described above overcoming the template system in existing building construction to exist, it is provided that a kind of tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system for cast-in-place concrete and construction technology thereof.

For realizing the purpose of the present invention, have employed following technical scheme: for the tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system of cast-in-place concrete, including tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork, tool-type angle frame column template, tool-type becomes chi tie, tool-type beam forms supports, fast support, cradle top connects seat, described tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork includes scale template, become chi template, external corner mould, inner corner trim mould, scale template includes the rectangle outer rim of sizing, described rectangle outer rim forms by being welded to each other between long outer rim and short outer rim, long outer rim and the angle steel that short outer rim is that specification is identical, two limits of angle steel offer multiple connecting hole, the wood-plastic board of sizing uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in rectangle outer rim by the hole on rectangle outer rim angle steel;Become chi template to be formed by anchor bolts by long margin frame and short frame, long margin frame and the angle steel that short frame is that specification is identical, offering multiple hole on two limits of angle steel, the wood-plastic board becoming size uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in rectangle outer rim formation change chi template by the hole on rectangle outer rim angle steel;

Described external corner film is equal leg angle, two limits of the equal leg angle of external corner mould offer multiple hole, inside corner weld at equal leg angle has the fin of putting more energy into of triangle, the both ends of equal leg angle use triangle to put more energy into fin sealing, the fin of putting more energy at both ends arranges porose lengthening for external corner mould and connects;Described inner corner trim mould includes inner corner trim mould back frame and the connecting plate face being connected in inner corner trim mould back frame, described connecting plate face size adapts with the connecting portion size of scale template, connecting plate face offers multiple hole, in the inner corner trim of inner corner trim mould back frame, welding is put more energy into floor, and the sealing at inner corner trim mould both ends is put more energy into offer on floor and porose connected for inner corner trim mould spreading;Above-mentioned scale template, the chi template that becomes, external corner mould, inner corner trim mould are connected with each other by the hole offered on it;

Described tool-type angle frame column template includes Wood-plastic formwork, multiple hole is offered on Wood-plastic formwork both sides, two faces of angle steel offer multiple holes that the multiple hole sites with Wood-plastic formwork both sides adapt and makes angle frame, in use, determine that tailing edge pillar edge, pillar center surrounding applies Wood-plastic formwork/plank sheathing successively, form pillar shape, four external angles that Wood-plastic formwork/plank sheathing encloses arrange angle frame, by a pair neighboring trees plastic formwork/plank sheathing, any one limits pin and is connected and fixes with angle frame, form fixing tetragonal prism body space, multiple holes on described Wood-plastic formwork both sides are uniformly distributed, multiple holes on two faces of angle steel are also uniformly distributed, described restriction pin includes pin and pin sheet, pin is provided with pin sheet perforating;

Described tool-type becomes chi tie, including tie mobile jib, spacing saddle, locking angle steel, described tie mobile jib includes a upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece, upper strata angled piece is identical with the width of lower floor's angled piece, middle mat piece it is provided with between upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece, fixing between described upper strata angled piece, lower floor's angled piece, middle mat piece connect, two right-angle sides of upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece are the most corresponding, middle mat piece deviation upper strata angled piece and the end of lower floor's angled piece

nullDescribed spacing saddle includes that two panels both ends are provided with the steel disc of bending section,Distance between the bending section of steel disc both ends is more than or equal to the distance between upper strata angled piece upper surface and lower floor's angled piece lower surface,It is provided with connecting plate between two panels steel disc,Two panels steel disc is fixed together by connecting plate,Anchor hole is offered wherein on a steel disc,Anchor hole is opened in steel disc center,In use,Spacing saddle upper strata angled piece from tie mobile jib and lower floor's angled piece end penetrate,The steel disc offering anchor hole is externally-located,The bending section at two panels steel disc two ends lays respectively at upper strata angled piece upper surface and lower floor's angled piece lower surface,Crab-bolt is used to fix spacing saddle from anchor hole,The described connecting plate in spacing saddle is a degree of lip-rounding steel,Two panels two ends arrange the steel disc of bending section and are welded on two opposite faces of degree of lip-rounding steel,The thickness of degree of lip-rounding steel is less than or equal to the thickness of middle mat piece;

Described locking angle steel is the angle steel offering upper and lower two holes on two sides respectively, the distance of the upper aperture center on one face and the lower square hole center in the vertical direction on another face is more than or equal to the thickness of upper strata angled piece, upper two holes of same of described locking angle steel are positioned on straight line up and down, same upper two holes are more than or equal to the thickness of upper strata angled piece, two upper aperture on two faces are positioned on same level height, and on two faces, two lower square holes are positioned on same level height;

Described tool-type beam forms is fixed and is supported fast the support including being arranged on beam both sides, fast support connects the triatic stay having cross bar to be formed, beam bottom mother plate props up and is located on triatic stay, side template is seated on beam bottom mother plate, it is provided above inner corner trim mould at side template, connecting on beam bottom mother plate has hold-down support, horizontal support one end, beam side to be connected on hold-down support, and one end is connected on side template;Beam skew back supports one end and is connected on hold-down support, and one end is connected on inner corner trim mould, and described beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support has length-adjustable stretching structure;

Fast described support includes the mobile jib of hollow, mobile jib lower weld has base, a wheel disc it is welded with at 300mm bottom mobile jib, for connecting the bar of sweeping the floor that cross bar is formed, upwards interval is welded with wheel disc for the cross bar connecting in corresponding height, it is movable wheel disc that the wheel disc at beam bottom board triatic stay position is fixed on mobile jib top, it is arranged with adjustable fastener at movable wheel disc, support mobile jib top and be inserted with connection support leading screw, limited location nut is connected on leading screw, leading screw bottom is inserted in mobile jib, and leading screw top is inserted in the vertical tube that cradle top connects on seat;

nullIt is the quadrilateral frame that steel plate makes that described cradle top connects seat,Four limits offer the hole for connecting template,Multiple vertical tube it is fixedly installed in quadrilateral frame,The mobile jib arranging position and fast support of vertical tube arranges position and adapts,Leading screw top on mobile jib is inserted in the vertical tube that cradle top connects on seat,Further,It is welded with back cord between two long outer rim of the scale template in tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork,The U-shaped torr of correspondence it is fixedly installed at two long margin frames becoming chi template,Offer porose in U-shaped torr,Back cord uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected on distracted for the back of the body in U-shaped torr by hole after snapping onto U-shaped torr corresponding on two long margin frames,Further,Tool-type becomes the upper strata angled piece in chi tie in tie mobile jib、Lower floor's angled piece、Middle mat piece angled piece uses the square steel of same specification to make,Upper strata angled piece、Lower floor's angled piece、Middle mat piece angled piece corner is overlapped mutually and is welded together,Further,Tool-type beam forms fixing support central sill side horizontal support and the support of beam skew back have length-adjustable stretching structure and are: beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support has a trocar sheath,In trocar sheath, activity is equipped with inner sleeve,Trocar sheath and inner sleeve offer multiple for fixing pin-and-hole,It is fixedly connected with nut on trocar sheath at one end,The inner sleeve of the other end is also fixedly connected with nut,Eyelet bolt all it is connected with in two above-mentioned nuts,Eyelet bolt thread rotary orientation in two nuts is contrary,Further,In the fixing support of tool-type beam forms, hold-down support includes an angled piece,Fixing hole is offered in a face of angled piece,Hold-down support is connected on beam bottom mother plate by fixing hole,Another face of angled piece is fixedly connected with T-connecting piece,The horizontal plane of T-connecting piece is fixedly connected in angled piece,At least two connecting hole is offered on the vertical plane of T-connecting piece,The end that beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support is connected on the connecting hole of T-connecting piece.

For the tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system construction technique of cast-in-place concrete, described construction technology is divided into Reinforced Concrete Frame Construction Technique and reinforced concrete shear wall structure construction technology;

For Reinforced Concrete Frame Construction Technique employing following steps:

The first step: according to reinforced concrete frame structure engineering practice, the requirement with modulus is installed according to tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system template, carry out concrete structure formwork matching board design, complete tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

Second step: become chi template back frame according to the processing of matching board construction drawing and become chi formwork parts plate face, preparing scale template plate back frame, scale template plate plate face and falsework, and be numbered according to matching board construction drawing;

3rd step: after concrete superstructure work surface provides, while pillar reinforced bar engineering colligation, coupled columns mould, falsework carry out levelling unwrapping wire according to matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

4th step: after pillar reinforcing bar binding completes, with pin, four pieces of wood-plastic board in post mould and angle frame are fastenedly connected, complete post mould assembled, by locked to post mould root for a set of tie assembly fastening, according to post mould unwrapping wire position adjustment post mould horizontal level, and root tie is fixed on post root floor upper limit fixed column mould horizontal level;According to abovementioned steps mounting post upper mould, one tie is set every 500mm, completes the installation of this construction section post mould according to the method described above;

5th step: according to falsework layout drawing, installs at post mould and starts simultaneously at the interspersed installation carrying out post curb girder end template support, the triatic stay supported according to the fixing beam bottom board of bottom elevation levelling installation;

6th step: mounting post mould diagonal brace, correct post mould perpendicularity, fastening 900mm width scale template is installed as beam bottom mother plate, and beam bottom mother plate is attached by inner corner trim mould with post side form, and it is locked with connecting pin, all for this construction section column templates and beam bottom mother plate are linked to be an entirety, increase the globality of whole template system, template displacement when avoiding casting concrete, while mounting rail end template, complete the installation of slab form support in the middle part of each room, and require rationally to arrange falsework bridging according to job specfication;

7th step: jet mould plate interleaving agent pours post concrete maintenance;Beam bottom mother plate wide for 900mm during casting concrete is as pouring personnel channel, it is ensured that construction safety;

8th step: with 900mm wide beam end template as operation platform, carries out beam side horizontal level unwrapping wire, colligation beam steel, and arranges cushion block;

9th step: the beam side horizontal support of mounting rail side template and beam skew back support, mounting rail side template and the inner corner trim mould of connection slab form, supported by beam side horizontal support and beam skew back and adjust side template horizontal level and perpendicularity and fix;

Tenth step: adjust the stop nut on falsework screw mandrel, mounting bracket stigma cap and cradle top and connect seat;

11st step: with pin, slab form back frame is connected with side template inner corner trim mould and cradle top connects seat and is connected, complete this construction section building slab slab back frame and install, and carry out levelling;

12nd step: lay slab form plate face, fix with pin and spray interleaving agent;

13rd step: colligation floor bar also arranges cushion block and built-in fitting, and reinforcing bar binding completes after-pouring beam and floorslab concrete maintenance;

14th step: remove post mould bearing diagonal and post side template;

15th step: after beam and floorslab concrete reach early to tear intensity open, remove side template to support and side template, remove slab form mainboard, form removal support diagonal brace and segment template support level pull bar, retain all supported rod erectings, part of horizontal pull bar and cradle top and connect seat, realizing early-dismantling, next layer that forward in template week early removed continues construction;

According to job specfication, 16th step: after beam and floorslab concrete intensity reach normal intensity, requires that whole form removal supports and vertical rod top connect bearing, whole modular shuttering element weeks forwards next layer to and construct;

For reinforced concrete shear wall structure construction technology employing following steps:

(1st) step: according to reinforced concrete shear wall structure engineering practice, the requirement with modulus is installed according to this tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system template, carry out concrete structure formwork matching board design, complete tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

(2nd) step: become chi template plate back frame according to the processing of matching board construction drawing and become chi plate plate face, preparing scale template plate back frame, scale template plate plate face and falsework, and be numbered according to matching board construction drawing;

(3rd) step: after concrete superstructure work surface provides, while wall steel bar engineering colligation, wall form, falsework are carried out levelling unwrapping wire according to matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

(4th) step: after wall steel bar colligation completes, with pin, wall side template is connected into entirety, split bolt is installed, vertical posts template master is installed stupefied, wall form diagonal brace and triatic stay are installed, with external corner mould connecting wall template end cap plate, with inner corner trim mould connecting wall corner, complete the assembly of shear wall formwork;

(5th) step: according to falsework layout drawing, install at shear wall formwork and start simultaneously at the interspersed installation carrying out slab form support, adjust the stop nut on the screw mandrel of falsework top, mounting bracket stigma cap and cradle top connect bearing, and require rationally to arrange falsework bridging according to job specfication;

(6th) step: according to height adjustment beam bottom board support rail height at the bottom of beam and be fixed, mounting rail end template connects inner corner trim mould and beam bottom mother plate, and mounting rail template is fixing to be supported;

(7th) step: adjust shear wall formwork diagonal brace and horizontal brace, shear wall formwork is fixed after correcting shear wall formwork horizontal level and perpendicularity, adjust beam form plate-girder side horizontal support and beam skew back supports, side template is fixed after straightening beam side template horizontal level and perpendicularity, connection wall template and side template connect the inner corner trim mould of floor, with pin, slab form back frame is connected with wall side template, side template inner corner trim mould and cradle top connects seat and is connected, complete this construction section building slab slab back frame to install, and carry out levelling;

(8th) step: lay slab form plate face, fix with pin and spray interleaving agent;

(9th) step: colligation floor bar also arranges cushion block and built-in fitting, after reinforcing bar binding completes, pours shear wall concrete, after shear wall concrete vibrating is heavy in fact, casting beams and floorslab concrete maintenance;

(10th) step: after concrete reaches wall side form strength of mould stripping, removes shear wall and side template supports and wall, side template;

(11st) step: after floorslab concrete reaches early to tear intensity open, remove slab form mainboard, form removal support diagonal brace and segment template support level pull bar, retain all supported rod erectings, part of horizontal pull bar and cradle top and connect bearing, realizing early-dismantling, next layer that forward in template week early removed continues construction;

According to job specfication, (12nd) step: after beam and floorslab concrete intensity reach normal intensity, requires that whole form removal supports and vertical rod top connect bearing, whole modular shuttering element weeks forwards next layer to and construct.

Further, wherein tie is installed as follows with method for dismounting: around the column template of installation, makes two tie mobile jibs intersect and presents four directions space mounting in column template periphery;Regulation tool-type tie mobile jib spacing, makes four directions space size adapt with the size of column template peripheral space, and both are against gapless;Tool-type tie main body is added the spacing saddle of tie, according to the spacing saddle number on four side space length of side size suitably homogenous layout ties;The fixing spacing saddle of tie, inserts the spacing saddle reserving hole on tie, fixing tie saddle position with connecting crab-bolt;Installing the spacing saddle of tie at tool-type tie main body infall, tool-type tie is fixed by recycling locking angle steel;Having only to intersect tie the crab-bolt of fixed position, locking angle steel and fixing saddle during dismounting removes, and whole tie just can be removed.

Further, the installation that beam skew back supports with method for dismounting is: the installation that beam skew back supports first has to the approximate size that the distance according to beam side determines that beam skew back supports, and greater depth is regulated by the position, hole between two sleeve pipes;Beam skew back is supported one end linked together by flat head bolt with bearing diagonal hold-down support, rotate bearing diagonal mobile jib, make the other end be connected with the reinforcement fin in inner corner trim mould, fix with flat head bolt;First rotate support bar during the dismounting that beam skew back supports and be at relaxed state, then remove the bolt of fixed position, two ends, then remove bearing diagonal.

Further, the installation of fast support with method for dismounting is: the point determined according to workmen's unwrapping wire places fast support, often place 2 rack rods to be just attached with cross bar, a fast rack rod is an elementary cell with 4, fast support at location, room four end points start the most longitudinally to be evenly arranged according to 1100mm, support installs rear mounting bracket top and connects seat;Can first remove and connect cross bar, the most successively striking vertical rod from the beginning of the one side in room when propping up the dismounting of support soon.

The positive Advantageous Effects of the present invention is following:

(1) standardization, fast, early tear open, high efficiency;

Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system uses standardized components, standardized construction technology, standardized rack rod spacing and fast morning to tear support open, such that it is able to realize whole system Fast Installation and dismounting;By standardized construction technique, make to set up more simple and convenient, be greatly promoted artificial construction's efficiency, reduction of erection time, add investment return;

(2) safety coefficient is high, economical and practical;

By standardization vertical pole's span, standardized construction technique, safe and reliable connecting elements, improve the safety coefficient of workman in work progress;The utilization of standardized components reduces the expense during structure manufacture, has ensured the convenience producing component, thus has reduced component production prices, it is achieved that the target of low cost high repayment;

(3) low-carbon environment-friendly, economize on resources;

This system material uses steel and wood-plastic board, and steel back frame intensity high rigidity is big, and the number of turnover can reach more than 500 times, though steel back frame cannot repair after still can remanufacture rerolled steel entirely, comprehensive use cost is cheap, and almost without loss.Novel wood-plastic plate intensity is high, and abrasive resistance is strong, and form removal is easy, and use 20-30 time can be had enough to meet the need in plate face, and after plate face does not reaches level requirements, wood-plastic board can all reclaim, and as again producing the raw material of wood-plastic board, substantially achieves full recovery zero loss.Novel wood-plastic template plate face and the perfect adaptation of tool-type steel form back frame achieve " full recovery, zero loss " of template circulation material substantially.Compared with conventional template system, improve the turnover rate of template, decrease the wasting of resources of useless template, it is achieved that low-carbon environment-friendly economizes on resources.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the top view of tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork scale template.

Fig. 2 is the front view of this tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork scale template.

Fig. 3 is the left view of this tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork scale template.

Fig. 4 is the overall schematic that tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork becomes chi template.

Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork becomes chi template long margin frame.

Fig. 6 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork becomes chi template short frame.

Fig. 7 is the connection end view that tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork becomes chi template short frame.

Fig. 8 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork becomes chi template back arris.

Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view of tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork external corner mould.

Figure 10 is the schematic perspective view of tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork inner corner trim mould.

Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of template of the present invention.

Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of tool-type angle frame column template angle frame.

Figure 13 is the schematic diagram that tool-type angle frame column template limits pin.

Figure 14 is that tool-type angle frame column template closes pillared schematic diagram.

Figure 15 is that tool-type angle frame column template is plus the schematic diagram after tie.

Figure 16 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type becomes chi tie mobile jib.

Figure 17 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type becomes the spacing saddle of chi tie.

Figure 18 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type becomes chi tie locking angle steel.

Figure 19 is the schematic perspective view that tool-type change chi tie is connected as tie.

Figure 20 is the enlarged diagram in tie one the connection corner of Figure 19.

Figure 21 is the overall schematic that tool-type beam forms supports.

Figure 22 is the structural representation that tool-type beam forms support beam side horizontal support/beam skew back supports.

Figure 23 is the schematic diagram that tool-type beam forms supports hold-down support.

Figure 24 tool-type beam forms supports the schematic side view of hold-down support.

Figure 25 is the schematic diagram of support soon.

Figure 26 is the connection seat schematic diagram of cradle top.

Figure 27 is the part sectioned view after the present invention installs.

Figure 28 is the floor level template layout drawing of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, each ingredient of the present invention is described in detail respectively.The present invention refers to the tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system for cast-in-place concrete structure and construction technology thereof for tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system and the construction technology thereof of cast-in-place concrete.

Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork is as shown in accompanying drawing 1 to Figure 10, and accompanying drawing is respectively labeled as about in tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork: 101a: short outer rim;102a: long outer rim;103a: scale template connecting hole;104a: scale template back arris;201a: short frame;202a: long margin frame;203a:U shape torr;204a: become chi template back arris;2021a: long margin frame and change chi wood-plastic board joint face;2022a: long margin frame and short frame connecting portion;2023a: with the center connecting hole of short frame on long margin frame;2011a: short frame and the connection end of long margin frame;2012a: short frame connects the center connecting hole on end with long margin frame;2013a: short frame connects and is connected spacing hole with the corner of long margin frame on end;2014a: short frame side;301a: external corner mould;3011a: external corner mould is put more energy into fin;3012a: external corner molding mouth is put more energy into fin;3013a: external corner mould lengthens connecting hole;401a: inner corner trim mould;4011a: connecting plate face;4012a: inner corner trim mould back frame;4013a: inner corner trim molding mouth is put more energy into floor;4014a: inner corner trim mould is put more energy into floor.Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork includes scale template, become chi template, external corner mould, inner corner trim mould, shown in Fig. 1 for scale template, scale template includes the rectangle outer rim of sizing, described rectangle outer rim forms by being welded to each other between long outer rim 102a and short outer rim 101a, long outer rim 102a and the angle steel that short outer rim 101a is that specification is identical, angle steel uses equal leg angle, two limits of angle steel offer multiple connecting hole, shown in 103a for scale template connecting hole, the wood-plastic board of sizing uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in rectangle outer rim by the connecting hole on rectangle outer rim angle steel, it is welded with back cord between two long outer rim of scale template, 104a show scale template back arris;nullFig. 4 is the schematic diagram becoming chi template,Become chi template to be formed by anchor bolts by long margin frame 202a and short frame 201a,In figure, 2022a show long margin frame and short frame connecting portion,The 2023a illustrated on connecting portion is the center connecting hole on long margin frame with short frame,The connection end for short frame Yu long margin frame shown in 2011a,2014a is short frame side,The 2012a illustrated on linkage section is the center connecting hole that short frame connects on end with long margin frame,Also have short frame shown in 2013a to connect on end and be connected spacing hole with the corner of long margin frame,Long margin frame is welded with corner with correspondence position on short frame connecting portion and is connected spacer pin,It is shown without in the drawings,During connection,Short frame is connected on long margin frame and short frame connecting portion 2022a with the connection end 2023a of long margin frame,Compared with scale template,The length of the long margin frame and short frame that become the employing of chi template can select different size as required,The size of scale template uses the standard size of unified specification,The long margin frame 202a and short frame 201a that become chi template are the identical angle steel of specification,Angle steel uses equal leg angle,Two limits of angle steel offer multiple connecting hole,The wood-plastic board becoming size uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in rectangle outer rim formation change chi template by the connecting hole on rectangle outer rim angle steel,2021a show long margin frame and becomes chi wood-plastic board joint face,The U-shaped torr of correspondence it is fixedly installed at two long margin frames becoming chi template,203a show U-shaped torr,Connecting hole is offered in U-shaped torr,Back cord uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in U-shaped torr by connecting hole after snapping onto U-shaped torr corresponding on two long margin frames,204a show change chi template back arris;Described external corner film 301a is equal leg angle, two limits of the equal leg angle of external corner mould offer multiple connecting hole, inside corner weld at equal leg angle has the fin of putting more energy into of triangle, 3011a show external corner mould and puts more energy into fin, the both ends of equal leg angle use triangle to put more energy into fin sealing, and 3012a show external corner molding mouth and puts more energy into fin;Being provided with connecting hole on the fin of putting more energy at both ends and lengthen connection for external corner mould, 3013a show external corner mould and lengthens connecting hole;Described inner corner trim mould 401a includes inner corner trim mould back frame 4012a and the connecting plate face 4011a being connected in inner corner trim mould back frame, described connecting plate face 4011a size adapts with the connecting portion size of scale template and change chi template, connecting plate face 4011a offers multiple connecting hole, floor of putting more energy into is welded in the inner corner trim of inner corner trim mould back frame 4012a, 4014a show inner corner trim mould and puts more energy into floor, the sealing at inner corner trim mould both ends is put more energy into and is offered connecting hole on floor and connect for inner corner trim mould spreading, the mouth of inner corner trim molding shown in 4013a is put more energy into floor, the connecting hole for lengthening connection is offered on inner corner trim mould puts more energy into floor, inner corner trim mould back frame uses steel plate bending welding production.Above-mentioned scale template, becoming and be connected with each other by the connecting hole offered on it on chi template, external corner mould, inner corner trim mould, in this template, scale template is also referred to as standard form, and the planar dimension of rectangle outer rim can be 1800x900mm;The size of wood-plastic board can be 1800x900x14mm;The interior stupefied thin-walled square steel using 50x30x2mm, interior stupefied end is welded with steel framework;Become chi template and be arranged as required to long margin frame and the short frame of various different length;Inner corner trim mould length sets the different lengths such as 1800mm, 900mm, 600mm according to building module, and inner corner trim mould length sets the different lengths such as 1800mm, 900mm, 600mm according to building module.

Figure 11 to Figure 15 is the schematic diagram of angle frame tool-type column template, 1b: Wood-plastic formwork;2b: the hole on Wood-plastic formwork both sides;3b: angle frame;Hole on two faces of 4b: angle steel;5b: limit pin;51b: pin;52b: pin sheet;6b: tie.nullAs shown in drawings,Angle frame tool-type column template,Including Wood-plastic formwork 1b,Multiple hole is offered on Wood-plastic formwork both sides,2b show the hole on Wood-plastic formwork both sides,Two faces of angle steel offer multiple holes that the multiple hole sites with Wood-plastic formwork both sides adapt and makes angle frame 3b,4b show the hole on two faces of angle steel,Hole on two faces of angle steel and the hole on Wood-plastic formwork both sides can corresponding on,In use,After determining pillar center,The Wood-plastic formwork 1b on any two opposites is fixed on the angle frame 3b on its both sides by limiting pin 5b,Fix in the Wood-plastic formwork 1b Snap joint angle frame 3b of two other opposite side and selling 5b with restriction along pillar edge surrounding,Complete the applying of post side rail plastic formwork,Form pillar shape,The angle frame 3b that four external angles that Wood-plastic formwork encloses are arranged,Wood-plastic formwork is fixed on pillar periphery,Form fixing tetragonal prism body space,As shown in figure 14,Fasten column template by tie 6b outside Wood-plastic formwork and angle frame to install,As shown in figure 15.More specifically, multiple holes on Wood-plastic formwork 1b both sides are uniformly distributed, multiple holes on two faces of angle steel are also uniformly distributed, described restriction pin includes pin 51b and pin sheet 52b, pin 51b is provided with pin sheet perforating, Figure 13 showing, pin sheet is located in the perforating of pin and forms the schematic diagram limiting pin.

Figure 16 to Figure 20 is the schematic diagram that tool-type becomes chi tie, is respectively labeled as: 1c: upper strata angled piece in figure;2c: lower floor's angled piece;3c: middle mat piece;4c: spacing saddle;5c: steel disc;6c: bending section;7c: anchor hole;8c: locking angle steel;9c: upper aperture;10c: lower square hole;11c: tie mobile jib;13c: crab-bolt;14c: degree of lip-rounding steel;As shown in drawings.nullTool-type becomes chi tie,Including tie mobile jib 11c、Spacing saddle 4c、Locking angle steel 8c,Tie mobile jib includes upper strata angled piece 1c and lower floor's angled piece 2c,Upper strata angled piece 1c is identical with the width of lower floor's angled piece 2c,For standardization and easy for installation,Upper strata angled piece 1c is identical with the thickness of lower floor's angled piece 2c,Middle mat piece 3c it is provided with between upper strata angled piece 1c and lower floor's angled piece 2c,Described upper strata angled piece、Lower floor's angled piece、It is welded and fixed connection between middle mat piece,Two right-angle sides of upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece are the most corresponding,Middle mat piece deviation upper strata angled piece and the end of lower floor's angled piece,Make and easy for installation for standardization,Upper strata angled piece is identical with lower floor right angle,Middle mat piece 3c is angled piece,Two right-angle sides of middle mat piece angled piece are shorter than upper strata angled piece and the corresponding right-angle side of lower floor's angled piece,More specifically,Upper strata angled piece、Lower floor's angled piece、Middle mat piece angled piece uses the square steel of same specification to make,Upper strata angled piece、Lower floor's angled piece、Middle mat piece angled piece corner is overlapped mutually and is welded together,The gap equal with square steel thickness is had between upper strata angled piece and lower floor angled piece;Described spacing saddle 4c includes that two panels both ends are provided with the steel disc of bending section, in figure, 5c show a steel disc, 6c show the bending section of one end of steel disc, bending direction is inside, distance between the bending section of steel disc both ends is more than or equal to the distance between upper strata angled piece upper surface and lower floor's angled piece lower surface, it is provided with connecting plate between two panels steel disc, two panels steel disc is fixed together by connecting plate, anchor hole 7c is offered wherein on a steel disc, in use, spacing saddle upper strata angled piece from tie mobile jib and lower floor's angled piece end penetrate, the steel disc offering anchor hole is externally-located, the bending section at two panels steel disc two ends lays respectively at upper strata angled piece upper surface and lower floor's angled piece lower surface, crab-bolt is used to fix spacing saddle from anchor hole;Concrete, connecting plate in spacing saddle 4c is a degree of lip-rounding steel 14c, two panels two ends arrange the steel disc of bending section and are welded on two opposite faces of degree of lip-rounding steel, the thickness of degree of lip-rounding steel is less than or equal to the thickness of middle mat piece, when wearing spacing saddle, degree of lip-rounding steel is positioned at the centre of upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece, and the anchor hole of spacing saddle is opened in steel disc center;Described locking angle steel 8c is the angle steel offering two holes on two sides respectively, the distance of the upper aperture center on one face and the lower square hole center in the vertical direction on another face is more than or equal to the thickness of upper strata angled piece, this is to ensure that after two tie mobile jib interconnections that locking angle steel can two right-angle surface of locking simultaneously, upper two holes of same of locking angle steel are positioned on straight line up and down, two upper aperture on two faces are positioned on same level height, on two faces, two lower square holes are positioned on same level height, in figure, 9c show the upper aperture on a face;10c show and the lower square hole on the same face shown in 9c;The installation process of this tie is: one, add the spacing saddle of tie on tool-type tie mobile jib, according to four side space length of side sizes suitably homogenous layout tie saddle number, the effect of spacing saddle is to fill up the gap formed between tie and column template plate face due to outboard angle seal ring thickness at column template corner, spacing saddle can directly withstand template and form support, it is ensured that in work progress, column template is indeformable;Two, around the column template of installation, two standardization tie mobile jibs intersections are made to present four directions space mounting peripheral in column template, as shown in figure 15;Three, cross distance between regulation tool-type tie mobile jib, makes the size of four directions space size and column template peripheral space be suitable for mutually, both against continuously away from;Four, the fixing spacing saddle of tie, inserts, with connecting crab-bolt, the anchor hole that the spacing saddle of tie is reserved, inserts pin sheet urgent, fixed standard tie saddle position in the connection crab-bolt pin film perforation exposed;Five, the spacing saddle of tie is installed in tool-type tie mobile jib infall end, recycling locking angle steel alignment post hoop spacing saddle connecting hole, insert and connect crab-bolt insertion pin sheet and make tool-type tie lock ring urgent pin sheet outside template, make cross distance, position between tool-type tie mobile jib be fixed.In Figure 20,13c is crab-bolt, and crab-bolt and pin sheet are standard component, can purchase from the market.

Tool-type beam forms is fixing to be supported as shown in accompanying drawing 21-Figure 24, is respectively labeled as 1d: beam in figure;2d: support soon;3d: triatic stay;4d: beam bottom mother plate;5d: side template;6d: hold-down support;7d: beam side horizontal support;8d: beam skew back supports;81d: trocar sheath;82d: inner sleeve;83d: pin-and-hole;84d: nut one;85d: eyelet bolt one;86d: nut two;87d: eyelet bolt two;9d: beam inner corner trim mould;10d: angle-shaped piece;11d: fixing hole;12d:T shape connector;13d: connecting hole.nullAs shown in drawings,Tool-type beam forms is fixing to be supported,Including fast the support 2d being arranged on beam both sides,Fast support 2d connects the triatic stay 3d having cross bar to be formed,Beam bottom mother plate 4d props up and is located on triatic stay 3d,Side template 5d is seated on beam bottom mother plate 4d,It is provided above beam inner corner trim mould 9d at side template 5d,Beam bottom mother plate 4d connects and has hold-down support 6d,Hold-down support 6d includes angled piece 10d,Fixing hole 11d is offered in a face of angled piece 10d,Hold-down support 6d is connected on beam bottom mother plate 4d by fixing hole 11,Another face of angled piece 10d is fixedly connected with T-connecting piece 12d,The horizontal plane of T-connecting piece 12d is fixedly connected in angled piece 10d,At least two connecting hole is offered on the vertical plane of T-connecting piece 12d,13d show connecting hole,Beam side horizontal support 7d and beam skew back support the end of 8d and are connected on the connecting hole of T-connecting piece 12d,T-connecting piece 12d two angle steel sheets of employing are back-to-back to be welded,T-connecting piece 12d is welded in angled piece 10d;Horizontal support 7d one end, beam side is connected on hold-down support 6d, and the other end is connected on side template 5d;nullBeam skew back supports 8d one end and is connected on hold-down support 6d,The other end is connected on beam inner corner trim mould 9d,Described beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support has length-adjustable stretching structure,Described beam side horizontal support and the support of beam skew back have identical length-adjustable stretching structure and are: explanation as a example by beam skew back supports in figure,Beam skew back supports has a trocar sheath 81d,In trocar sheath 81d, activity is equipped with inner sleeve 82d,Trocar sheath 81d and inner sleeve 82d offer multiple for fixing pin-and-hole,In figure, 83d show pin-and-hole,Nut one 84d it is fixedly connected with on trocar sheath 81d at one end,The inner sleeve 82d of the other end is fixedly connected with nut two 86d,Eyelet bolt all it is connected with in two above-mentioned nuts,Nut one is connected with eyelet bolt one 85d;Nut two is connected with eyelet bolt two 87d, eyelet bolt thread rotary orientation in two nuts is contrary, when making, trocar sheath and inner sleeve described in selection are square steel tube, the specification that trocar sheath square steel tube uses is: 24x24x2mm, the specification that inner sleeve square steel tube uses is: 20x20x2mm, and on square steel tube, spacing every 50mm offers the pin-and-hole of 10mm, a length of 200mm or 400mm of square steel tube;Nut internal diameter is 16mm, a diameter of 16mm of eyelet bolt, the long 100mm of eyelet bolt.In concrete work progress, regulation the stretching by two square steel of relatively long distance, two square steel all have hole, a square steel is stretched into (pull-out) segment distance, insert the fixing regulation that can realize the relatively large distance that beam skew back supports of pin-and-hole with flat head bolt;Two ends are respectively arranged with an eyelet bolt, eyelet bolt have screw thread can spin with the nut of end, can make eyelet bolt outwards (inwardly) mobile a small distance of both sides by rotating bearing diagonal mobile jib by hand, thus realize the fine setting of bearing diagonal;Hold-down support is when specifically making, and angle-shaped piece uses the angle steel of a 70mm, and T-connecting piece uses the angle steel of two 56mm to be welded;Have the fixing hole of 15mm on the angle steel of 70mm, be attached by pin with beam bottom mother plate;Having the circular hole of two a diameter of 13mm on the angle steel of 56mm, beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support that the hole on the eyelet bolt connected is corresponding with the hole of T-connecting piece to be squeezed into flat head bolt and be fixed;Above-mentioned concrete size is not limited to, and each component thickness, size in support system are all designed according to the actual loading born.

Figure 25 is the schematic diagram of support soon, is respectively labeled as in figure: 1k: mobile jib;2k: the most beneath wheel disc;3k: middle wheel disc;4k: fastener;5k: movable wheel disc;6k: stop nut;7k: leading screw;8k: base, fast support includes the mobile jib 1k of hollow, mobile jib lower weld has base 8k, a wheel disc 2k it is welded with at 300mm bottom mobile jib, this wheel disc is used for connecting cross bar and forms bar of sweeping the floor, upwards interval is welded with wheel disc for the cross bar connecting in corresponding height, 3k show a middle wheel disc, the wheel disc of mobile jib top is movable wheel disc 5k, it is arranged with adjustable fastener 4k at movable wheel disc 5k, connecting limited location nut 6k on leading screw 7k, leading screw bottom is inserted in mobile jib, and leading screw top is inserted in the vertical tube that cradle top connects on seat;On fast support, movable wheel disc and spacing fastener are mainly used in beam bottom mother plate to support installing of little cross bar fixing, the height of little cross bar changes along with depth of beam, the method of adjustment of little cross bar level height: use movable wheel disc and fastener on fast support mobile jib, little cross bar bottom wheel disc connection, fastener fixes the position of wheel disc, according to deck-molding, movable wheel disc is adjusted to the position adapted with deck-molding, then the lock pin of beam bottom mother plate crossbar end is inserted in wheel disc, with fastener, lock pin is fixed with a fast support;When needing the height of little cross bar is adjusted due to different deck-moldings, fastener is removed, again wheel disc is moved to new height, is then fixed with fastener in the lock pin insertion activity wheel disc of cross bar little at the bottom of beam.

Figure 26 is the connection seat schematic diagram of cradle top;It is the quadrilateral frame that steel plate makes that described cradle top connects seat, 1f show quadrilateral frame, four limits offer the hole for connecting template, multiple vertical tube it is fixedly installed in quadrilateral frame, 2f show vertical tube, the mobile jib arranging position and fast support of vertical tube arranges position and adapts, and the leading screw top on mobile jib is inserted in the vertical tube that cradle top connects on seat.

Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system construction technique for cast-in-place concrete structure, it is characterised in that: described construction technology is divided into Reinforced Concrete Frame Construction Technique and reinforced concrete shear wall structure construction technology;

For Reinforced Concrete Frame Construction Technique employing following steps:

The first step: according to reinforced concrete frame structure engineering practice, the requirement with modulus is installed according to tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system template, carry out concrete structure formwork matching board design, complete tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

Second step: become chi template back frame according to the processing of matching board construction drawing and become chi formwork parts plate face, preparing scale template plate back frame, scale template plate plate face and falsework, and be numbered according to matching board construction drawing;

3rd step: after concrete superstructure work surface provides, while pillar reinforced bar engineering colligation, coupled columns mould, falsework carry out levelling unwrapping wire according to matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

4th step: after pillar reinforcing bar binding completes, with pin, four pieces of wood-plastic board in post mould and angle frame are fastenedly connected, complete post mould assembled, by locked to post mould root for a set of tie assembly fastening, according to post mould unwrapping wire position adjustment post mould horizontal level, and root tie is fixed on post root floor upper limit fixed column mould horizontal level;According to abovementioned steps mounting post upper mould, one tie is set every 500mm, completes the installation of this construction section post mould according to the method described above;

5th step: according to falsework layout drawing, installs at post mould and starts simultaneously at the interspersed installation carrying out post curb girder end template support, the triatic stay supported according to the fixing beam bottom board of bottom elevation levelling installation;

6th step: mounting post mould diagonal brace, correct post mould perpendicularity, fastening 900mm width scale template is installed as beam bottom mother plate, and beam bottom mother plate is attached by inner corner trim mould with post side form, and it is locked with connecting pin, all for this construction section column templates and beam bottom mother plate are linked to be an entirety, increase the globality of whole template system, template displacement when avoiding casting concrete, while mounting rail end template, complete the installation of slab form support in the middle part of each room, and require rationally to arrange falsework bridging according to job specfication;

7th step: jet mould plate interleaving agent pours post concrete maintenance;Beam bottom mother plate wide for 900mm during casting concrete is as pouring personnel channel, it is ensured that construction safety;

8th step: with 900mm wide beam end template as operation platform, carries out beam side horizontal level unwrapping wire, colligation beam steel, and arranges cushion block;

9th step: the beam side horizontal support of mounting rail side template and beam skew back support, mounting rail side template and the inner corner trim mould of connection slab form, supported by beam side horizontal support and beam skew back and adjust side template horizontal level and perpendicularity and fix;

Tenth step: adjust the stop nut on falsework screw mandrel, mounting bracket stigma cap and cradle top and connect seat;

11st step: with pin, slab form back frame is connected with side template inner corner trim mould and cradle top connects seat and is connected, complete this construction section building slab slab back frame and install, and carry out levelling;

12nd step: lay slab form plate face, fix with pin and spray interleaving agent;

13rd step: colligation floor bar also arranges cushion block and built-in fitting, and reinforcing bar binding completes after-pouring beam and floorslab concrete maintenance;

14th step: remove post mould bearing diagonal and post side template;

15th step: after beam and floorslab concrete reach early to tear intensity open, remove side template to support and side template, remove slab form mainboard, form removal support diagonal brace and segment template support level pull bar, retain all supported rod erectings, part of horizontal pull bar and cradle top and connect seat, realizing early-dismantling, next layer that forward in template week early removed continues construction;

According to job specfication, 16th step: after beam and floorslab concrete intensity reach normal intensity, requires that whole form removal supports and vertical rod top connect bearing, whole modular shuttering element weeks forwards next layer to and construct.

For reinforced concrete shear wall structure construction technology employing following steps:

(1st) step: according to reinforced concrete shear wall structure engineering practice, the requirement with modulus is installed according to this tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system template, carry out concrete structure formwork matching board design, complete tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

(2nd) step: become chi template plate back frame according to the processing of matching board construction drawing and become chi plate plate face, preparing scale template plate back frame, scale template plate plate face and falsework, and be numbered according to matching board construction drawing;

(3rd) step: after concrete superstructure work surface provides, while wall steel bar engineering colligation, wall form, falsework are carried out levelling unwrapping wire according to matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;

(4th) step: after wall steel bar colligation completes, with pin, wall side template is connected into entirety, split bolt is installed, vertical posts template master is installed stupefied, wall form diagonal brace and triatic stay are installed, with external corner mould connecting wall template end cap plate, with inner corner trim mould connecting wall corner, complete the assembly of shear wall formwork;

(5th) step: according to falsework layout drawing, install at shear wall formwork and start simultaneously at the interspersed installation carrying out slab form support, adjust the stop nut on the screw mandrel of falsework top, mounting bracket stigma cap and cradle top connect bearing, and require rationally to arrange falsework bridging according to job specfication;

(6th) step: according to height adjustment beam bottom board support rail height at the bottom of beam and be fixed, mounting rail end template connects inner corner trim mould and beam bottom mother plate, and mounting rail template is fixing to be supported;

(7th) step: adjust shear wall formwork diagonal brace and horizontal brace, shear wall formwork is fixed after correcting shear wall formwork horizontal level and perpendicularity, adjust beam form plate-girder side horizontal support and beam skew back supports, side template is fixed after straightening beam side template horizontal level and perpendicularity, connection wall template and side template connect the inner corner trim mould of floor, with pin, slab form back frame is connected with wall side template, side template inner corner trim mould and cradle top connects seat and is connected, complete this construction section building slab slab back frame to install, and carry out levelling;

(8th) step: lay slab form plate face, fix with pin and spray interleaving agent;

(9th) step: colligation floor bar also arranges cushion block and built-in fitting, after reinforcing bar binding completes, pours shear wall concrete, after shear wall concrete vibrating is heavy in fact, casting beams and floorslab concrete maintenance;

(10th) step: after concrete reaches wall side form strength of mould stripping, removes shear wall and side template supports and wall, side template;

(11st) step: after floorslab concrete reaches early to tear intensity open, remove slab form mainboard, form removal support diagonal brace and segment template support level pull bar, retain all supported rod erectings, part of horizontal pull bar and cradle top and connect bearing, realizing early-dismantling, next layer that forward in template week early removed continues construction;

According to job specfication, (12nd) step: after beam and floorslab concrete intensity reach normal intensity, requires that whole form removal supports and vertical rod top connect bearing, whole modular shuttering element weeks forwards next layer to and construct.

Wherein tie is installed as follows with method for dismounting: around the column template of installation, makes two tie mobile jibs intersect and presents four directions space mounting in column template periphery;Cross distance between regulation tool-type tie mobile jib, makes the size of four directions space size and column template peripheral space be suitable for mutually, both against continuously away from;Tool-type tie main body is added the spacing saddle of tie, according to the spacing saddle number on four side space length of side size suitably homogenous layout ties;The fixing spacing saddle of tie, inserts the spacing saddle reserving hole on tie, fixing tie saddle position with connecting crab-bolt;Installing the spacing saddle of tie at tool-type tie main body infall, tool-type tie is fixed by recycling locking angle steel;Having only to intersect tie the crab-bolt of fixed position, locking angle steel and fixing saddle during dismounting removes, and whole tie just can be removed.

The installation that beam skew back supports with method for dismounting is: the installation that beam skew back supports first has to the approximate size that the distance according to beam side determines that beam skew back supports, and greater depth is regulated by the position, hole between two sleeve pipes;Beam skew back is supported one end linked together by flat head bolt with bearing diagonal hold-down support, rotate bearing diagonal mobile jib, make the other end be connected with the reinforcement fin in inner corner trim mould, fix with flat head bolt;First rotate support bar during the dismounting that beam skew back supports and be at relaxed state, then remove the bolt of fixed position, two ends, then remove bearing diagonal.

The installation of fast support with method for dismounting is: the point determined according to workmen's unwrapping wire places fast support, often place 2 rack rods to be just attached with cross bar, a fast rack rod is an elementary cell with 4, fast support at location, room four end points start the most longitudinally to be evenly arranged according to 1100mm, support installs rear mounting bracket top and connects seat;Can first remove and connect cross bar, the most successively striking vertical rod from the beginning of the one side in room when propping up the dismounting of support soon.

After describing embodiments of the present invention in detail, one of ordinary skilled in the art is clearly understood that, various change and amendment can carried out under spirit without departing from above-mentioned claim, all any simple modification, equivalent variations and modifications above example made according to the technical spirit of the present invention, belong to the scope of technical solution of the present invention, and the present invention is also not only restricted to the embodiment of example in description.

Claims (9)

1., for the tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system of cast-in-place concrete, including tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork, tool-type angle frame column template, tool-type becomes chi tie, tool-type beam forms supports, support, cradle top connect seat soon, it is characterised in that:
Described tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork includes scale template, becomes chi template, external corner mould, inner corner trim mould, scale template includes the rectangle outer rim of sizing, described rectangle outer rim forms by being welded to each other between long outer rim and short outer rim, long outer rim and the angle steel that short outer rim is that specification is identical, offering multiple connecting hole on two limits of angle steel, the wood-plastic board of sizing uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in rectangle outer rim by the hole on rectangle outer rim angle steel;Become chi template to be formed by anchor bolts by long margin frame and short frame, long margin frame and the angle steel that short frame is that specification is identical, offering multiple hole on two limits of angle steel, the wood-plastic board becoming size uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected in rectangle outer rim formation change chi template by the hole on rectangle outer rim angle steel;
Described external corner film is equal leg angle, two limits of the equal leg angle of external corner mould offer multiple hole, inside corner weld at equal leg angle has the fin of putting more energy into of triangle, the both ends of equal leg angle use triangle to put more energy into fin sealing, the fin of putting more energy at both ends arranges porose lengthening for external corner mould and connects;Described inner corner trim mould includes inner corner trim mould back frame and the connecting plate face being connected in inner corner trim mould back frame, described connecting plate face size adapts with the connecting portion size of scale template, connecting plate face offers multiple hole, in the inner corner trim of inner corner trim mould back frame, welding is put more energy into floor, and the sealing at inner corner trim mould both ends is put more energy into offer on floor and porose connected for inner corner trim mould spreading;Above-mentioned scale template, the chi template that becomes, external corner mould, inner corner trim mould are connected with each other by the hole offered on it;
Described tool-type angle frame column template includes Wood-plastic formwork, multiple hole is offered on Wood-plastic formwork both sides, two faces of angle steel offer multiple holes that the multiple hole sites with Wood-plastic formwork both sides adapt and makes angle frame, in use, determine that tailing edge pillar edge, pillar center surrounding applies Wood-plastic formwork/plank sheathing successively, form pillar shape, four external angles that Wood-plastic formwork/plank sheathing encloses arrange angle frame, by a pair neighboring trees plastic formwork/plank sheathing, any one limits pin and is connected and fixes with angle frame, form fixing tetragonal prism body space, multiple holes on described Wood-plastic formwork both sides are uniformly distributed, multiple holes on two faces of angle steel are also uniformly distributed, described restriction pin includes pin and pin sheet, pin is provided with pin sheet perforating;
Described tool-type becomes chi tie, including tie mobile jib, spacing saddle, locking angle steel, described tie mobile jib includes a upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece, upper strata angled piece is identical with the width of lower floor's angled piece, middle mat piece it is provided with between upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece, fixing between described upper strata angled piece, lower floor's angled piece, middle mat piece connect, two right-angle sides of upper strata angled piece and lower floor's angled piece are the most corresponding, middle mat piece deviation upper strata angled piece and the end of lower floor's angled piece
nullDescribed spacing saddle includes that two panels both ends are provided with the steel disc of bending section,Distance between the bending section of steel disc both ends is more than or equal to the distance between upper strata angled piece upper surface and lower floor's angled piece lower surface,It is provided with connecting plate between two panels steel disc,Two panels steel disc is fixed together by connecting plate,Anchor hole is offered wherein on a steel disc,Anchor hole is opened in steel disc center,In use,Spacing saddle upper strata angled piece from tie mobile jib and lower floor's angled piece end penetrate,The steel disc offering anchor hole is externally-located,The bending section at two panels steel disc two ends lays respectively at upper strata angled piece upper surface and lower floor's angled piece lower surface,Crab-bolt is used to fix spacing saddle from anchor hole,The described connecting plate in spacing saddle is a degree of lip-rounding steel,Two panels two ends arrange the steel disc of bending section and are welded on two opposite faces of degree of lip-rounding steel,The thickness of degree of lip-rounding steel is less than or equal to the thickness of middle mat piece;
Described locking angle steel is the angle steel offering upper and lower two holes on two sides respectively, the distance of the upper aperture center on one face and the lower square hole center in the vertical direction on another face is more than or equal to the thickness of upper strata angled piece, upper two holes of same of described locking angle steel are positioned on straight line up and down, same upper two holes are more than or equal to the thickness of upper strata angled piece, two upper aperture on two faces are positioned on same level height, and on two faces, two lower square holes are positioned on same level height;
Described tool-type beam forms is fixed and is supported fast the support including being arranged on beam both sides, fast support connects the triatic stay having cross bar to be formed, beam bottom mother plate props up and is located on triatic stay, side template is seated on beam bottom mother plate, it is provided above inner corner trim mould at side template, connecting on beam bottom mother plate has hold-down support, horizontal support one end, beam side to be connected on hold-down support, and one end is connected on side template;Beam skew back supports one end and is connected on hold-down support, and one end is connected on inner corner trim mould, and described beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support has length-adjustable stretching structure;
Fast described support includes the mobile jib of hollow, mobile jib lower weld has base, a wheel disc it is welded with at 300mm bottom mobile jib, for connecting the bar of sweeping the floor that cross bar is formed, upwards interval is welded with wheel disc for the cross bar connecting in corresponding height, it is movable wheel disc that the wheel disc at beam bottom board triatic stay position is fixed on mobile jib top, it is arranged with adjustable fastener at movable wheel disc, support mobile jib top and be inserted with connection support leading screw, limited location nut is connected on leading screw, leading screw bottom is inserted in mobile jib, and leading screw top is inserted in the vertical tube that cradle top connects on seat;
It is the quadrilateral frame that steel plate makes that described cradle top connects seat, four limits offer the hole for connecting template, multiple vertical tube it is fixedly installed in quadrilateral frame, the mobile jib arranging position and fast support of vertical tube arranges position and adapts, and the leading screw top on mobile jib is inserted in the vertical tube that cradle top connects on seat.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between two long outer rim of the scale template in tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork, be welded with back cord, the U-shaped torr of correspondence it is fixedly installed at two long margin frames becoming chi template, offering porose in U-shaped torr, back cord uses crab-bolt to be fixedly connected on distracted for the back of the body in U-shaped torr by hole after snapping onto U-shaped torr corresponding on two long margin frames.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in tool-type change chi tie, the upper strata angled piece in tie mobile jib, lower floor's angled piece, middle mat piece angled piece use the square steel of same specification to make, and upper strata angled piece, lower floor's angled piece, middle mat piece angled piece corner are overlapped mutually and are welded together.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: tool-type beam forms fixing support central sill side horizontal support and the support of beam skew back have length-adjustable stretching structure and be: beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support has a trocar sheath, in trocar sheath, activity is equipped with inner sleeve, trocar sheath and inner sleeve offer multiple for fixing pin-and-hole, it is fixedly connected with nut on trocar sheath at one end, the inner sleeve of the other end is also fixedly connected with nut, eyelet bolt all it is connected with in two above-mentioned nuts, eyelet bolt thread rotary orientation in two nuts is contrary.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the fixing support of tool-type beam forms, hold-down support includes an angled piece, fixing hole is offered in a face of angled piece, hold-down support is connected on beam bottom mother plate by fixing hole, another face of angled piece is fixedly connected with T-connecting piece, the horizontal plane of T-connecting piece is fixedly connected in angled piece, at least two connecting hole is offered on the vertical plane of T-connecting piece, the end that beam side horizontal support and beam skew back support is connected on the connecting hole of T-connecting piece.
6. for the tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system construction technique of cast-in-place concrete, it is characterised in that: described construction technology is divided into Reinforced Concrete Frame Construction Technique and reinforced concrete shear wall structure construction technology;
For Reinforced Concrete Frame Construction Technique employing following steps:
The first step: according to reinforced concrete frame structure engineering practice, the requirement with modulus is installed according to tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system template, carry out concrete structure formwork matching board design, complete tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;
Second step: become chi template back frame according to the processing of matching board construction drawing and become chi formwork parts plate face, preparing scale template plate back frame, scale template plate plate face and falsework, and be numbered according to matching board construction drawing;
3rd step: after concrete superstructure work surface provides, while pillar reinforced bar engineering colligation, coupled columns mould, falsework carry out levelling unwrapping wire according to matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;
4th step: after pillar reinforcing bar binding completes, with pin, four pieces of wood-plastic board in post mould and angle frame are fastenedly connected, complete post mould assembled, by locked to post mould root for a set of tie assembly fastening, according to post mould unwrapping wire position adjustment post mould horizontal level, and root tie is fixed on post root floor upper limit fixed column mould horizontal level;According to abovementioned steps mounting post upper mould, one tie is set every 500mm, completes the installation of this construction section post mould according to the method described above;
5th step: according to falsework layout drawing, installs at post mould and starts simultaneously at the interspersed installation carrying out post curb girder end template support, the triatic stay supported according to the fixing beam bottom board of bottom elevation levelling installation;
6th step: mounting post mould diagonal brace, correct post mould perpendicularity, fastening 900mm width scale template is installed as beam bottom mother plate, and beam bottom mother plate is attached by inner corner trim mould with post side form, and it is locked with connecting pin, all for this construction section column templates and beam bottom mother plate are linked to be an entirety, increase the globality of whole template system, template displacement when avoiding casting concrete, while mounting rail end template, complete the installation of slab form support in the middle part of each room, and require rationally to arrange falsework bridging according to job specfication;
7th step: jet mould plate interleaving agent pours post concrete maintenance;Beam bottom mother plate wide for 900mm during casting concrete is as pouring personnel channel, it is ensured that construction safety;
8th step: with 900mm wide beam end template as operation platform, carries out beam side horizontal level unwrapping wire, colligation beam steel, and arranges cushion block;
9th step: the beam side horizontal support of mounting rail side template and beam skew back support, mounting rail side template and the inner corner trim mould of connection slab form, supported by beam side horizontal support and beam skew back and adjust side template horizontal level and perpendicularity and fix;
Tenth step: adjust the stop nut on falsework screw mandrel, mounting bracket stigma cap and cradle top and connect seat;
11st step: with pin, slab form back frame is connected with side template inner corner trim mould and cradle top connects seat and is connected, complete this construction section building slab slab back frame and install, and carry out levelling;
12nd step: lay slab form plate face, fix with pin and spray interleaving agent;
13rd step: colligation floor bar also arranges cushion block and built-in fitting, and reinforcing bar binding completes after-pouring beam and floorslab concrete maintenance;
14th step: remove post mould bearing diagonal and post side template;
15th step: after beam and floorslab concrete reach early to tear intensity open, remove side template to support and side template, remove slab form mainboard, form removal support diagonal brace and segment template support level pull bar, retain all supported rod erectings, part of horizontal pull bar and cradle top and connect seat, realizing early-dismantling, next layer that forward in template week early removed continues construction;
According to job specfication, 16th step: after beam and floorslab concrete intensity reach normal intensity, requires that whole form removal supports and vertical rod top connect bearing, whole modular shuttering element weeks forwards next layer to and construct;
For reinforced concrete shear wall structure construction technology employing following steps:
(1st) step: according to reinforced concrete shear wall structure engineering practice, the requirement with modulus is installed according to this tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system template, carry out concrete structure formwork matching board design, complete tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;
(2nd) step: become chi template plate back frame according to the processing of matching board construction drawing and become chi plate plate face, preparing scale template plate back frame, scale template plate plate face and falsework, and be numbered according to matching board construction drawing;
(3rd) step: after concrete superstructure work surface provides, while wall steel bar engineering colligation, wall form, falsework are carried out levelling unwrapping wire according to matching board construction drawing and falsework layout drawing;
(4th) step: after wall steel bar colligation completes, with pin, wall side template is connected into entirety, split bolt is installed, vertical posts template master is installed stupefied, wall form diagonal brace and triatic stay are installed, with external corner mould connecting wall template end cap plate, with inner corner trim mould connecting wall corner, complete the assembly of shear wall formwork;
(5th) step: according to falsework layout drawing, install at shear wall formwork and start simultaneously at the interspersed installation carrying out slab form support, adjust the stop nut on the screw mandrel of falsework top, mounting bracket stigma cap and cradle top connect bearing, and require rationally to arrange falsework bridging according to job specfication;
(6th) step: according to height adjustment beam bottom board support rail height at the bottom of beam and be fixed, mounting rail end template connects inner corner trim mould and beam bottom mother plate, and mounting rail template is fixing to be supported;
(7th) step: adjust shear wall formwork diagonal brace and horizontal brace, shear wall formwork is fixed after correcting shear wall formwork horizontal level and perpendicularity, adjust beam form plate-girder side horizontal support and beam skew back supports, side template is fixed after straightening beam side template horizontal level and perpendicularity, connection wall template and side template connect the inner corner trim mould of floor, with pin, slab form back frame is connected with wall side template, side template inner corner trim mould and cradle top connects seat and is connected, complete this construction section building slab slab back frame to install, and carry out levelling;
(8th) step: lay slab form plate face, fix with pin and spray interleaving agent;
(9th) step: colligation floor bar also arranges cushion block and built-in fitting, after reinforcing bar binding completes, pours shear wall concrete, after shear wall concrete vibrating is heavy in fact, casting beams and floorslab concrete maintenance;
(10th) step: after concrete reaches wall side form strength of mould stripping, removes shear wall and side template supports and wall, side template;
(11st) step: after floorslab concrete reaches early to tear intensity open, remove slab form mainboard, form removal support diagonal brace and segment template support level pull bar, retain all supported rod erectings, part of horizontal pull bar and cradle top and connect bearing, realizing early-dismantling, next layer that forward in template week early removed continues construction;
According to job specfication, (12nd) step: after beam and floorslab concrete intensity reach normal intensity, requires that whole form removal supports and vertical rod top connect bearing, whole modular shuttering element weeks forwards next layer to and construct.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system construction technique for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: wherein tie is installed as follows with method for dismounting: around the column template of installation, make two tie mobile jibs intersect and present four directions space mounting in column template periphery;Regulation tool-type tie mobile jib spacing, makes four directions space size adapt with the size of column template peripheral space, and both are against gapless;Tool-type tie main body is added the spacing saddle of tie, according to the spacing saddle number on four side space length of side size suitably homogenous layout ties;The fixing spacing saddle of tie, inserts the spacing saddle reserving hole on tie, fixing tie saddle position with connecting crab-bolt;Installing the spacing saddle of tie at tool-type tie main body infall, tool-type tie is fixed by recycling locking angle steel;Having only to intersect tie the crab-bolt of fixed position, locking angle steel and fixing saddle during dismounting removes, and whole tie just can be removed.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system construction technique for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the installation that beam skew back supports with method for dismounting is: the installation that beam skew back supports first has to the approximate size that the distance according to beam side determines that beam skew back supports, and greater depth is regulated by the position, hole between two sleeve pipes;Beam skew back is supported one end linked together by flat head bolt with bearing diagonal hold-down support, rotate bearing diagonal mobile jib, make the other end be connected with the reinforcement fin in inner corner trim mould, fix with flat head bolt;First rotate support bar during the dismounting that beam skew back supports and be at relaxed state, then remove the bolt of fixed position, two ends, then remove bearing diagonal.
Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system construction technique for cast-in-place concrete the most according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the installation of fast support with method for dismounting is: the point determined according to workmen's unwrapping wire places fast support, often place 2 rack rods to be just attached with cross bar, a fast rack rod is an elementary cell with 4, fast support at location, room four end points start the most longitudinally to be evenly arranged according to 1100mm, support installs rear mounting bracket top and connects seat;Can first remove and connect cross bar, the most successively striking vertical rod from the beginning of the one side in room when propping up the dismounting of support soon.
CN201610328168.4A 2016-05-18 2016-05-18 Tool-type steel framework Wood-plastic formwork system and its construction technology for cast-in-place concrete CN105952140B (en)

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US3735953A (en) * 1970-04-22 1973-05-29 Mesa Ind Los Angeles Concrete beam forms
GB1534870A (en) * 1976-08-17 1978-12-06 Kwikform Ltd Supporting structures for shuttering
CN2319486Y (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-05-19 上海市第七建筑工程公司 Tool type adjustable column hoop
CN2558720Y (en) * 2002-08-01 2003-07-02 张厚 Tool type self-bearing combined beam form
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109184193A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-01-11 严雄 A kind of early-dismantling formwork system and its construction method

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