CN105948700A - Domestic ceramic with high toughness, and production method thereof - Google Patents

Domestic ceramic with high toughness, and production method thereof Download PDF

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CN105948700A
CN105948700A CN201610288053.7A CN201610288053A CN105948700A CN 105948700 A CN105948700 A CN 105948700A CN 201610288053 A CN201610288053 A CN 201610288053A CN 105948700 A CN105948700 A CN 105948700A
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oxide powder
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CN105948700B (en
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王维娜
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Fujian Jiawei County of Dehua Province Ceramics Co. Ltd
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    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
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    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
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    • C04B2235/38Non-oxide ceramic constituents or additives
    • C04B2235/3852Nitrides, e.g. oxynitrides, carbonitrides, oxycarbonitrides, lithium nitride, magnesium nitride
    • C04B2235/3873Silicon nitrides, e.g. silicon carbonitride, silicon oxynitride

Abstract

The invention discloses a domestic ceramic with high toughness. The domestic ceramic comprises, by weight, 43-47 parts of china clay, 30-34 parts of kaolin, 8-12 parts of knar clay, 13-15 parts of quartz stones, 10-13 part sof spodumene, 14-17 parts of kyanite, 4-7 parts of sillimanite, 2-5 parts of silicon nitride powder, 1-3 parts of beryllia powder, 0.5-2 parts of iridium oxide powder and 1-2.5 parts of magnesium oxide powder. The invention also provides a production method of the domestic ceramic with high toughness. Cooperation of all raw materials of the domestic ceramic makes the domestic ceramic have the advantages of improved toughness, good bending strength, facilitation of reduction of the damage probability in the production, transportation and use process, and good market prospect.

Description

Domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic field, domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Domestic ceramics refers to life porcelain.As its name suggests, the generation of domestic ceramics can be described as because the demand of daily life is produced by people, and in daily life, people contact at most, are also most familiar of porcelain, and such as tableware, tea set, coffee tool, drinking utensils, meal tool etc., the life with people is closely bound up.
Domestic ceramics has the advantage that first, it is easy to washs and keeps clean;Second, better heat stability, heat transfer is slow, is used for containing boiling water or boiling hot food, and end is the most hot when taking;3rd, stable chemical nature is durable in use;4th, the pore of porcelain is few, and water absorption rate is the lowest, stores food with domestic porcelain, after tight sealing, can prevent moisture evaporation in food, infiltration and the infringement of extraneous antibacterial;Etc..Therefore domestic porcelain is liked by broad masses of the people for a long time and is used.But existing domestic ceramic product generally exists, and matter is crisp, the feature of poor toughness, in production and transport and during using, breakage, the therefore more preferable domestic ceramics of market demand toughness easily occur.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide high domestic ceramics of a kind of toughness and preparation method thereof, with the problem solving to propose in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
The domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high, is made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 43-47 part, Kaolin 30-34 part, camwood knag 8-12 part, quartz 13-15 part, spodumene 10-13 part, kyanite 14-17 part, sillimanite 4-7 part, alpha-silicon nitride powders 2-5 part, beryllium oxide powder 1-3 part, yttrium oxide powder 0.5-2 part, magnesium oxide powder 1-2.5 part.
As the further scheme of the present invention: be made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 44-46 part, Kaolin 31-33 part, camwood knag 9-11 part, quartz 13.5-14.5 part, spodumene 11-12 part, kyanite 15-16 part, sillimanite 5-6 part, alpha-silicon nitride powders 3-4 part, beryllium oxide powder 1.2-2.6 part, yttrium oxide powder 0.8-1.7 part, magnesium oxide powder 1.3-2.1 part.
As the present invention further scheme: be made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 45 parts, Kaolin 32 parts, camwood knag 10 parts, quartz 14 parts, spodumene 11.5 parts, kyanite 15 parts, sillimanite 6 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 3.5 parts, 1.8 parts of beryllium oxide powder, 1.2 parts of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 1.7 parts.
The preparation method of the domestic ceramics that described toughness is high, step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 150-200 mesh sieve, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1310-1320 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 1-2h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 8-10h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 12-15h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1350-1360 DEG C, sinter 6-8h, get product.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Domestic ceramics prepared by the present invention, by the cooperation of each raw material, improves the toughness of domestic ceramics, and bending strength performance is good, advantageously reduces the probability that domestic ceramics is damaged during producing, transporting and use, has good market prospect.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, technical scheme is described in more detail.
Embodiment 1
The domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high, is made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 43 parts, Kaolin 30 parts, camwood knag 8 parts, quartz 13 parts, spodumene 10 parts, kyanite 14 parts, sillimanite 4 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 2 parts, 1 part of beryllium oxide powder, 0.5 part of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 1 part.
The preparation method of the domestic ceramics that toughness described in the present embodiment is high, step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 150 mesh sieves, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1310 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 1h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 8h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 12h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1350 DEG C, sinter 6h, get product.
Embodiment 2
The domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high, is made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 44 parts, Kaolin 34 parts, camwood knag 12 parts, quartz 13 parts, spodumene 10 parts, kyanite 15 parts, sillimanite 7 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 2 parts, 1 part of beryllium oxide powder, 1 part of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 2.5 parts.
The preparation method of the domestic ceramics that toughness described in the present embodiment is high, step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 200 mesh sieves, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1315 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 2h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 8h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 12h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1350 DEG C, sinter 8h, get product.
Embodiment 3
The domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high, is made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 45 parts, Kaolin 32 parts, camwood knag 10 parts, quartz 14 parts, spodumene 11.5 parts, kyanite 15 parts, sillimanite 6 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 3.5 parts, 1.8 parts of beryllium oxide powder, 1.2 parts of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 1.7 parts.
The preparation method of the domestic ceramics that toughness described in the present embodiment is high, step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 180 mesh sieves, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1315 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 1.5h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 9h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 13h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1355 DEG C, sinter 7h, get product.
Embodiment 4
The domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high, is made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 47 parts, Kaolin 31 parts, camwood knag 12 parts, quartz 13 parts, spodumene 11 parts, kyanite 17 parts, sillimanite 4 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 3 parts, 2 parts of beryllium oxide powder, 2 parts of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 1 part.
The preparation method of the domestic ceramics that toughness described in the present embodiment is high, step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 200 mesh sieves, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1320 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 1h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 10h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 15h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1355 DEG C, sinter 7h, get product.
Embodiment 5
The domestic ceramics that a kind of toughness is high, is made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 47 parts, Kaolin 34 parts, camwood knag 12 parts, quartz 15 parts, spodumene 13 parts, kyanite 17 parts, sillimanite 7 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 5 parts, 3 parts of beryllium oxide powder, 2 parts of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 2.5 parts.
The preparation method of the domestic ceramics that toughness described in the present embodiment is high, step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 200 mesh sieves, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1320 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 2h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 10h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 15h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1360 DEG C, sinter 8h, get product.
Domestic ceramics prepared by embodiment 1-5 is carried out performance detection, water absorption rate≤0.25% of ceramic ware for daily use prepared by the present invention, lead-indium alloy≤0.1mg/L, occur at five flawlesses of 220 DEG C-20 DEG C exchanges, bending strength is 142-158Mpa, improves 34-38% than common domestic ceramics.
Domestic ceramics prepared by the present invention, by the cooperation of each raw material, improves the toughness of domestic ceramics, and bending strength performance is good, advantageously reduces the probability that domestic ceramics is damaged during producing, transporting and use, has good market prospect.
Above the better embodiment of the present invention is explained in detail, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art is possessed, it is also possible to various changes can be made on the premise of without departing from present inventive concept.

Claims (4)

1. the domestic ceramics that a toughness is high, it is characterized in that, be made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 43-47 part, Kaolin 30-34 part, camwood knag 8-12 part, quartz 13-15 part, spodumene 10-13 part, kyanite 14-17 part, sillimanite 4-7 part, alpha-silicon nitride powders 2-5 part, beryllium oxide powder 1-3 part, yttrium oxide powder 0.5-2 part, magnesium oxide powder 1-2.5 part.
The domestic ceramics that toughness the most according to claim 1 is high, it is characterized in that, be made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 44-46 part, Kaolin 31-33 part, camwood knag 9-11 part, quartz 13.5-14.5 part, spodumene 11-12 part, kyanite 15-16 part, sillimanite 5-6 part, alpha-silicon nitride powders 3-4 part, beryllium oxide powder 1.2-2.6 part, yttrium oxide powder 0.8-1.7 part, magnesium oxide powder 1.3-2.1 part.
The domestic ceramics that toughness the most according to claim 2 is high, it is characterized in that, be made up of according to the raw material of weight portion following: china clay 45 parts, Kaolin 32 parts, camwood knag 10 parts, quartz 14 parts, spodumene 11.5 parts, kyanite 15 parts, sillimanite 6 parts, alpha-silicon nitride powders 3.5 parts, 1.8 parts of beryllium oxide powder, 1.2 parts of yttrium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder 1.7 parts.
4. the preparation method of the domestic ceramics that the toughness as described in claim 1-3 is arbitrary is high, it is characterised in that step is as follows:
1) weigh camwood knag, quartz, spodumene, kyanite and sillimanite, after pulverizing, cross 150-200 mesh sieve, it is thus achieved that mixed-powder;
2) mixed-powder is put in calcining furnace, at 1310-1320 DEG C, carry out calcination processing 1-2h, it is thus achieved that calcining material;
3), after being pulverized by calcining material, 150 mesh sieves are crossed, it is thus achieved that calcined powder;
4) calcined powder is put in ball mill, add appropriate distilled water, ball milling 8-10h, it is thus achieved that a slurry;
5) weigh china clay, Kaolin, alpha-silicon nitride powders, beryllium oxide powder, yttrium oxide powder and magnesium oxide powder, and add to a slurry, continue ball milling 12-15h, it is thus achieved that secondary slurry;
6) secondary slurry is dried process, after being dried, old 10 days, it is thus achieved that blank;
7) by moulding for blank prepared base substrate;
8) by after base substrate glazing, at 1350-1360 DEG C, sinter 6-8h, get product.
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CN106565213A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-04-19 安徽青花坊瓷业股份有限公司 Surface nitridation ceramic tableware and manufacturing process
CN106565200A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-04-19 安徽青花坊瓷业股份有限公司 Anti-drop ceramic bowl and preparation technology thereof
CN106495654A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-03-15 金福英 A kind of magnetic induction ceramic package material and preparation method thereof

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