CN105941295B - A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture - Google Patents

A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105941295B
CN105941295B CN201610251178.2A CN201610251178A CN105941295B CN 105941295 B CN105941295 B CN 105941295B CN 201610251178 A CN201610251178 A CN 201610251178A CN 105941295 B CN105941295 B CN 105941295B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
micro
ecological balance
port
aquaculture
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CN201610251178.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105941295A (en
Inventor
徐陈国
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佛山市百特利农业生态科技有限公司
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Publication of CN105941295A publication Critical patent/CN105941295A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, it includes: source water storage device, gas-liquid interface generating device, gas-liquid separator, micro dropwise addition adjuster;The gas-liquid interface generating device includes pump case, running wheel, first port, second port and third port;The first port is connected to source water storage device pipeline, which is used for input air, which is connected to gas-liquid separator;The gas-liquid separator is connected to gas-liquid interface generating device, micro dropwise addition adjuster pipeline respectively;The gas-liquid separator is additionally provided with exhaust outlet, which is connected to source water storage device.The superfine nanobubble water that ecological balance instrument of the invention provides is avoided that oxygen is rapidly losing, so that processing cost is greatly reduced and effect duration is long;It is recyclable that water body progress oxygenation, enhancing water body self-purification ability, change water quality can simultaneously be adjusted and water ecology maintained to balance to be suitable as cultivation water.

Description

A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water treatment facilities more particularly to a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture.
Background technique
Aquatic animal lives in water, and all oxygen sources can only be the oxygen by being dissolved in water, so oxygenation is just It is life condition necessary to aquatile.Especially in the case where high-density breeding, under the conditions of circulating water cultivation, between not During disconnected feeding, the filtering of fish excreta, water body can generate a large amount of organic matter.The whole COD of water body is greatly improved. And the fish of high-density breeding are also in the oxygen being dissolved in water with these organic matters " contention ".Therefore, it is mentioned using special means The oxygen dissolved of high water body is most important.
Blower is one of most common oxygen increasing equipment.Blower in aquaculture will generally be designed using oil free type. If the oxygenation demand of water body less (total water body of such as one marine product is no more than 3 cubes), so that it may use the oil-free sky of electromagnetic type Press.The characteristics of this air compressor machine is exactly pressure foot, very power saving.But disadvantage is exactly narrow-minded.Area coverage is smaller.If The water surface of water body is bigger, so that it may consider Scroll-tupe air blower.This air blower is because using impeller high speed rotation band Dynamic air generates centrifugal force and generates pressure.General air quantity is bigger, but maximum disadvantage is exactly that pressure is smaller.For big Large fan is then used in the cultivation fish pond of area.This blower is driven with strong motor.The air pressure not only generated is high, Tolerance is also sufficiently large.It can satisfy large area, remote gas transmission needs in this way.The disadvantage of this large fan is exactly to consume Electricity is excessive.
Though conventional bleeding technique has certain ability that purifies water, all palliative, water ecosystem is certainly Net energy power does not obtain basic enhancing, and the solution key of this problem is to solve dissolved oxygen concentration in water body, changes water Body oxidability.Aeration aerating is already confirmed to the good result for increasing Dissolved Oxygen in Water, however conventional aeration process The common blister of generation is relatively large in diameter, and the rate of climb is fast, can not be detained for a long time in water body, therefore its oxidation effect is very It is micro-.And ultramicro air bubble, since its size is smaller, surface tension is lower compared with common blister, this allows for oxygen molecule and moisture Son is easier to combine and further realize sedimentation.By the sedimentation of bubble and the delay of long period, realize to water-bed direct Oxygenation effectively increases the content of oxygen in water, changes the living environment of water bottom aerobic microbiological, and has to bed mud Machine matter realizes effective resolution.Most of ultramicro air bubble can be dissolved into the water body of surrounding in uphill process, therefore not The ecologic structure of original water body can be destroyed, and can fundamentally change the habitable environment of deep water, realizes the purification of water body, And enhance the self-purification function of water ecosystem.
In conclusion needing to develop one kind suitable for cultivation water field, to water oxygenation and water environment can be maintained ecological simultaneously The device and method of balance.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of water treatment technologies, can carry out to the water body of cultivation water field Oxygenation, and the water environment ecological balance can be maintained, change the living environment of water bottom aerobic microbiological, and to bed mud organic matter Realize effective resolution.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention provides a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, the ecological balance instrument Include: source water storage device, gas-liquid interface generating device, gas-liquid separator, micro dropwise addition adjuster;The gas-liquid interface hair Generating apparatus includes pump case, running wheel, first port, second port and third port;The first port and source water storage device Pipeline connection, the second port are used for input air, which is connected to gas-liquid separator;The gas-liquid separator point It is not connected to gas-liquid interface generating device, micro dropwise addition adjuster pipeline;The gas-liquid separator is additionally provided with exhaust outlet, this is micro The pipeline at output that adjuster is added dropwise is connected to source water storage device.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the ecological balance instrument also includes: micro-nano air-bubble storage Cryopreservation device;The pipeline at output of the micro dropwise addition adjuster, which is communicated to, is connected to micro-nano air-bubble storage device, this is micro- The output end of nanobubble water storage device is connected to source water storage device pipeline.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the output of the micro-nano air-bubble storage device End is also connected to the first port of the gas-liquid interface generating device.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the output end of the gas-liquid separator is additionally provided with Air pocket automatic regulating valve, for discharging not broken air.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the source water storage device be cultivation water field or its His water storage container to be treated.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the ecological balance instrument also includes PLC control module, is used In the disposition situation of control air and source water.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the micro dropwise addition adjuster includes: Raw material pail, Solenoid valve, drop regulator and liquid droping speed detect optoelectronic switch.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, It is characterized in that, the micro dropwise addition adjuster also includes low liquid level device.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein the input terminal of the micro dropwise addition adjuster is also set It is equipped with liquid feeding control valve.Pass through gas-liquid interface generating device for air provided by the present invention for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture Be sufficiently mixed with source water and machinery smashed to form micro-nano air-bubble, the micro-nano air-bubble after mixed biologic preparation, according to Demand is back to source water storage device, to meet the needs of cultivation water field.Micro-nano air-bubble gas-liquid mixed provided by the invention Than being up to 90%, the superfine nanobubble water of formation has the gas-liquid interface for being not easy gas-water separation, is avoided that oxygen quickly flows It loses, so that processing cost is greatly reduced and effect duration is long.Special equipment provided by the invention is recyclable to carry out water body Oxygenation, enhancing water body self-purification ability change water quality and can adjust maintenance water ecology balance to be suitable as cultivation water.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture provided by the invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of knot of the gas-liquid interface generating device 20 of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture provided by the invention Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of the micro dropwise addition adjuster 40 of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture of the invention Figure.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1, be a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture provided by the invention, it includes: the storage of source water Device 10, gas-liquid interface generating device 20, gas-liquid separator 30, micro dropwise addition adjuster 40, micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50。
As shown in Fig. 2, the gas-liquid interface generating device 20 includes pump case 21, running wheel 22, first port 23, the Two-port netwerk 24 and third port 25.In some embodiments, first port 23 is used for input source water, and second port 24 is for inputting Air, third port 25 are used to export the micro-nano air-bubble generated.When the gas-liquid interface generating device 20 works, it will pump The source water entered mixes well with air, and due to the rotation of impeller, continuously machinery smashes air, is sufficiently mixed it with source water, Form micro-nano air-bubble.
The gas-liquid separator 30 is connected to gas-liquid interface generating device 20, micro 40 pipeline of dropwise addition adjuster respectively. The gas-liquid separator 30 is additionally provided with exhaust outlet.In some embodiments, the output end of the gas-liquid separator 30 is additionally provided with Air pocket automatic regulating valve 31.Micro-nano air-bubble is generated in gas-liquid interface generating device 20 and undissolved air pocket air is logical The gas-liquid separator 30 separation is crossed, air pocket is discharged by exhaust outlet, and the micro-nano air-bubble is delivered to micro dropwise addition and adjusts It saves in device 40.
By this it is micro be added dropwise adjuster 40 control be added biological agent amount, the biological agent of the addition with it is micro-nano Air-bubble is sufficiently mixed and reacts, so that the microbial environment in air-bubble reaches the ecological balance.The micro dropwise addition is adjusted The output end of device 40 is connected to micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50.
The micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50 is also communicated to source water storage device 10, inputs micro-nano gas with reflux Soaked (i.e. high exposure heavy-oxygen-enriched water) is used as cultivation water.Optionally, the output end of the micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50 also with The first port 23 of the gas-liquid interface generating device 20 is connected to.The source water storage device 10 can be cultivation water field or Other water storage containers to be treated.
In some embodiments, the micro output end that adjuster 40 is added dropwise can be communicates directly to source water storage device 10.
In some embodiments, the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture can also include PLC(Programmable Logic Controller, programmable logic controller (PLC)) control module, for controlling the additional amount of air and source water and micro The dripping quantity of adjuster 40 is added dropwise.
As shown in figure 3, the micro dropwise addition adjuster 40 includes: Raw material pail 41, solenoid valve 42, drop regulator 43, Liquid droping speed detects optoelectronic switch 44.Preferably in embodiment, which is also connected with PLC control module.Drop Liquid detection is detected using optoelectronic switch, and one drop of liquid of every dropwise addition, optoelectronic switch sends a pulse and gives PLC control module, PLC Control module metrical pulse number, while miniature electromagnetic valve is controlled according to the requirement of setting, to control dripping quantity.More preferably In embodiment, the micro dropwise addition adjuster 40 include low liquid level device 45, when in Raw material pail liquid level be lower than the low liquid level device 45, PLC system will alarm, and prompt adding liquid.In some preferably embodiments, the input terminal of the micro dropwise addition adjuster 40 It is additionally provided with liquid feeding control valve 46, for controlling the addition of biological agent.
In some embodiments, all pipeline connections are both provided with valve and are controlled.
The course of work of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture of the invention are as follows: open simultaneously air and source water storage dress 10 control valve is set, so that air and source water are sufficiently mixed in gas-liquid interface generating device 20, and is continuously beaten through turbomachine It is broken, generate micro-nano air-bubble, the micro-nano air-bubble of the generation be input to gas-liquid separator 30 make air pocket air with it is micro- Nanobubble water separation, air pocket air are discharged through exhaust outlet, and micro-nano air-bubble is input to micro dropwise addition through pipeline and adjusts In device 40, control is mixed into biological agent and micro-nano air-bubble is made to reach the ecological balance, then is input to micro-nano air-bubble storage It in device 50, then is back in source water storage device 10 through pipeline, to reach cultivation Water warfare and reach the ecological balance Purpose.
It is discussed in detail although the contents of the present invention have passed through above preferred embodiment, but it should be appreciated that above-mentioned Description is not considered as limitation of the present invention.After those skilled in the art have read above content, for of the invention A variety of modifications and substitutions all will be apparent.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be limited to the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, which is characterized in that the ecological balance instrument includes: source water storage device (10), gas-liquid interface generating device (20), gas-liquid separator (30), micro dropwise addition adjuster (40) and the storage of micro-nano air-bubble Device (50);The gas-liquid interface generating device (20) includes pump case (21), running wheel (22), first port (23), the Two-port netwerk (24) and third port (25);The first port (23) is connected to source water storage device (10) pipeline, the second port (24) it is used for input air, which to be connected to gas-liquid separator (30);The gas-liquid separator (30) is respectively It is connected to gas-liquid interface generating device (20), micro dropwise addition adjuster (40) pipeline;Gas-liquid separator (30) row of being additionally provided with Port, the micro output end that adjuster (40) are added dropwise are communicated to micro-nano air-bubble storage device (50), pass through the micro drop The amount for the biological agent for adding adjuster (40) control to be added, to adjust micro-nano air-bubble to the ecological balance;The micro-nano bubble The output end of water storage device (50) is connected to source water storage device (10) pipeline;Micro dropwise addition adjuster (40) packet Contain: Raw material pail (41), solenoid valve (42), drop regulator (43) and liquid droping speed detection optoelectronic switch (44).
2. being used for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the micro-nano air-bubble The output end of storage device (50) is also connected to the first port (23) of the gas-liquid interface generating device (20).
3. being used for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the gas-liquid separator (30) output end is additionally provided with air pocket automatic regulating valve (31).
4. being used for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the source water storage device It (10) is cultivation water field or other water storage containers to be treated.
5. being used for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the ecological balance instrument also includes PLC control module, for controlling the disposition situation of air Yu source water.
6. being used for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the micro dropwise addition is adjusted Device (40) also includes low liquid level device (45), and when Raw material pail (41) interior liquid level is lower than the low liquid level device (45), PLC control module will be reported It is alert, prompt adding liquid.
7. being used for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the micro dropwise addition is adjusted The input terminal of device (40) is additionally provided with liquid feeding control valve (46), for controlling the amount for the biological agent being added.
CN201610251178.2A 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture CN105941295B (en)

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CN106719283A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-31 上海通凌化工有限公司 A kind of ecologic breeding balances robot control system(RCS) and its method

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CN101790969A (en) * 2009-02-04 2010-08-04 郭丰时 High-efficiency oxygen dissolving and increasing device
CN102765773A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-11-07 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Air floatation device
CN102805051A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-12-05 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Sterilization and oxygenation equipment for aquaculture
CN104829007A (en) * 2015-05-10 2015-08-12 浙江美纳环保科技有限公司 Dissolved air flotation sewage processing device with self-cleaning function
CN205794519U (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-12-14 佛山市百特利农业生态科技有限公司 A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture

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Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101790969A (en) * 2009-02-04 2010-08-04 郭丰时 High-efficiency oxygen dissolving and increasing device
CN102805051A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-12-05 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Sterilization and oxygenation equipment for aquaculture
CN102765773A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-11-07 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Air floatation device
CN104829007A (en) * 2015-05-10 2015-08-12 浙江美纳环保科技有限公司 Dissolved air flotation sewage processing device with self-cleaning function
CN205794519U (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-12-14 佛山市百特利农业生态科技有限公司 A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture

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