CN105941295A - Ecological balancing instrument used for aquaculture - Google Patents

Ecological balancing instrument used for aquaculture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105941295A
CN105941295A CN201610251178.2A CN201610251178A CN105941295A CN 105941295 A CN105941295 A CN 105941295A CN 201610251178 A CN201610251178 A CN 201610251178A CN 105941295 A CN105941295 A CN 105941295A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
aquaculture
port
ecological balance
water
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CN201610251178.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105941295B (en
Inventor
徐陈国
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佛山市百特利农业生态科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610251178.2A priority Critical patent/CN105941295B/en
Publication of CN105941295A publication Critical patent/CN105941295A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps

Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological balancing instrument used for aquaculture. The instrument comprises a source water storage device, a gas-liquid interface generation device, a gas-liquid separator, and a microscale dropping regulator. The gas-liquid interface generation device comprises a pump case, a working impeller, a first port, a second port, and a third port. The first port is communicated with the pipeline of the source water storage device. The second port is used to input air. The third port is communicated with the gas-liquid separator. The gas-liquid separator is communicated with the pipelines of the gas-liquid interface generation device and the microscale dropping regulator. The gas-liquid separator is also provided with an exhaust port. The pipeline on the output end of the microscale dropping regulator is connected with the source water storage device. Ultrafine nano-bubble water provided by the ecological balancing instrument can prevent oxygen from rapidly losing, processing cost is greatly reduced, and effect duration time is long. The ecological balancing instrument can aerate water in a circulating manner, enhances water self-purification capability, improves water quality and adjusts and maintains water ecological balance, so the water is suitable to be used as aquaculture water.

Description

A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water treatment facilities, particularly relate to a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture.
Background technology
Aquatic animal is lived in water, and all of oxygen sources can only be the oxygen by being dissolved in water, so oxygen supplement is just It is the required conditions of existence of aquatile.Particularly in the case of high-density breeding, under the conditions of circulating water cultivation, between not During disconnected feeding, Fish Excreta filter, water body can produce substantial amounts of Organic substance.The overall COD of water body is greatly improved. And the Fish of high-density breeding also " are fighting for ", with these Organic substances, the oxygen being dissolved in water.Therefore, special means are utilized to carry The oxygen dissolved of high water body is most important.
Blower fan is one of modal oxygen increasing equipment.Blower fan on aquaculture typically will use oil free type to design.If The oxygen supplement demand of water body little (if total water body of a marine product is less than 3 cubes), it is possible to use electromagnetic type oilless air compressor. The feature of this air compressor machine is exactly pressure foot, very power saving.But shortcoming is exactly narrow-minded.Area coverage is smaller.If water body The water surface bigger, it is possible to consider Scroll-tupe aerator.This aerator drives sky because using impeller high speed rotating Gas produces centrifugal force and produces pressure.General air quantity is bigger, but the shortcoming of maximum to be exactly pressure smaller.For large area Cultivation fish pond, large fan to be used.The strong driven by motor of this blower fan.The air pressure not only produced is high, tolerance The most sufficiently large.So can meet large area, remote gas transmission needs.The disadvantage of this large fan is exactly power consumption Excessive.
Though conventional bleeding technique has certain ability that purifies water, but all cures the symptoms, not the disease, water ecosystem is certainly Net energy power does not obtain basic enhancing, and the solution of this problem it is critical only that dissolved oxygen concentration in solution water body, changes water Body oxidability.The good result increasing Dissolved Oxygen in Water is confirmed by aeration aerating already, but the aeration process of routine The common blister produced is relatively large in diameter, and the rate of climb is fast, can not be detained for a long time in water body, and therefore its oxidation effect is very Micro-.And ultramicro air bubble is less due to its size, surface tension is relatively low compared with common blister, and this allows for oxygen molecule and moisture Son is easier to combine and realize sedimentation further.By sedimentation and the delay of long period of bubble, it is achieved that direct to the bottom Oxygenation, effectively increases the content of oxygen in water, changes the living environment of water bottom aerobic microbiological, and has bed mud Achieving of machine matter is effectively cleared up.Most ultramicro air bubble can be dissolved in the water body of surrounding in uphill process, the most not The ecologic structure of original water body can be destroyed, and can fundamentally change the habitable environment of deep water, it is achieved the purification of water body, And strengthen the self-purification function of water ecosystem.
In sum, need exploitation one badly and be applicable to cultivate water field, can be simultaneously to water oxygenation and maintain water environment ecological The Apparatus and method for of balance.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of water technology, and the water body of cultivation water field can be carried out by it Oxygen supplement, and water environment ecological balance can be maintained, change the living environment of water bottom aerobic microbiological, and to bed mud organic matter Achieve and effectively clear up.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the invention provides a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, this ecological balance instrument Comprise: source water storage device, gas-liquid interface generating means, gas-liquid separator, trace dropping actuator;Described gas-liquid interface is sent out Generating apparatus comprises pump case, running wheel, the first port, the second port and the 3rd port;This first port and source water storage device Pipeline communication, this second port is used for input air, and the 3rd port connects with gas-liquid separator;Described gas-liquid separator divides Other and gas-liquid interface generating means, trace drip actuator pipeline communication;This gas-liquid separator is additionally provided with air vent, this trace The pipeline at output of dropping actuator is connected to source water storage device.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, this ecological balance instrument also comprises: micro-nano air-bubble stores up Cryopreservation device;The pipeline at output of described trace dropping actuator is communicated to be connected to micro-nano air-bubble storage device, and this is micro- The outfan of nanobubble water storage device and source water storage device pipeline communication.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, the output of described micro-nano air-bubble storage device End also the first port with described gas-liquid interface generating means connects.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, the outfan of described gas-liquid separator is additionally provided with Air pocket automatic regulating valve, for the air that release is the most broken.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, described source water storage device for cultivation water field or its He needs water to be processed to store container.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, this ecological balance instrument also comprises PLC control module, uses In the disposal situation controlling air and source water.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, described trace dropping actuator comprises: Raw material pail, Electromagnetic valve, drop regulator and liquid droping speed detection photoswitch.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, the described ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, its Being characterised by, described trace dropping actuator also comprises low liquid level meter.
The above-mentioned ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, wherein, the input of described trace dropping actuator also sets It is equipped with and adds hydraulic control valve.The ecological balance instrument for aquaculture that the present invention provides passes through gas-liquid interface generating means by air It is sufficiently mixed with source water and the micro-nano air-bubble of formation smashed by machinery, after this blended biological preparation of micro-nano air-bubble, according to Demand is back to source water storage device, with the demand of satisfied cultivation water field.The micro-nano air-bubble gas-liquid mixed that the present invention provides Ratio up to 90%, the superfine nanobubble water of formation has the gas-liquid interface being not easy gas-water separation, is avoided that oxygen quickly flows Lose so that processing cost is greatly reduced and effect duration is long.The special equipment of present invention offer is capable of circulation to be carried out water body Oxygen supplement, enhancing water body self-purification ability, change water quality also can adjust maintenance water ecology balance to be suitable as cultivation water.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture that the present invention provides.
Fig. 2 is the knot of the gas-liquid interface generating means 20 of a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture that the present invention provides Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the trace dropping actuator 40 of a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture of the present invention Figure.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described.
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture provided for the present invention, it comprises: source water stores Device 10, gas-liquid interface generating means 20, gas-liquid separator 30, trace dropping actuator 40, micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50。
As in figure 2 it is shown, described gas-liquid interface generating means 20 comprise pump case 21, running wheel the 22, first port 23, Two-port netwerk 24 and the 3rd port 25.In certain embodiments, the first port 23 is for input source water, and the second port 24 is used for inputting Air, the 3rd port 25 is for exporting the micro-nano air-bubble of generation.When described gas-liquid interface generating means 20 works, by pump The source water entered is sufficiently mixed with air, and due to the rotation of impeller, air smashed by machinery continuously so that it is be sufficiently mixed with source water, Form micro-nano air-bubble.
Described gas-liquid separator 30 drips actuator 40 pipeline communication with gas-liquid interface generating means 20, trace respectively. This gas-liquid separator 30 is additionally provided with air vent.In some embodiments, the outfan of described gas-liquid separator 30 is additionally provided with Air pocket automatic regulating valve 31.Gas-liquid interface generating means 20 generates micro-nano air-bubble and undissolved air pocket air leads to Crossing this gas-liquid separator 30 to separate, air pocket is discharged by air vent, and described micro-nano air-bubble is delivered to trace dropping and adjusts In joint device 40.
Controlled the amount of the biological preparation added by this trace dropping actuator 40, the biological preparation of this addition is with micro-nano Air-bubble is sufficiently mixed and reacts so that the microbial environment in air-bubble reaches ecological balance.The dropping regulation of this trace The outfan of device 40 is connected to micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50.
Described micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50 is also communicated to source water storage device 10, inputs micro-nano gas with backflow Soaked (the highest exposure heavy-oxygen-enriched water), is used as cultivation water.Alternatively, the outfan of described micro-nano air-bubble storage device 50 also with First port 23 of described gas-liquid interface generating means 20 connects.Described source water storage device 10 can be cultivation water field or Other need water to be processed to store container.
In some embodiments, the outfan that trace can drip actuator 40 is communicates directly to source water storage device 10.
In some embodiments, the described ecological balance instrument for aquaculture can also comprise PLC(Programmable Logic Controller, programmable logic controller (PLC)) control module, for controlling addition and the trace of air and source water The dripping quantity of dropping actuator 40.
As it is shown on figure 3, described trace dropping actuator 40 comprises: Raw material pail 41, electromagnetic valve 42, drop regulator 43, Liquid droping speed detection photoswitch 44.Preferably in embodiment, this trace dropping actuator 40 is also connected with PLC control module.Drip Liquid detection uses photoswitch to detect, and often drips a drop of liquid, and photoswitch sends a pulse to PLC control module, PLC Control module metrical pulse number, controls miniature electromagnetic valve according to the requirement set simultaneously, thus controls dripping quantity.More excellent In embodiment, described trace dropping actuator 40 comprises low liquid level meter 45, when in Raw material pail, liquid level is less than this low liquid level meter 45, PLC system will be reported to the police, and point out adding liquid.Some are preferably in embodiment, the input of described trace dropping actuator 40 It is additionally provided with and adds hydraulic control valve 46, for controlling the addition of biological preparation.
In some embodiments, all of pipeline communication is both provided with valve and is controlled.
The work process for the ecological balance instrument of aquaculture of the present invention is: open air simultaneously and source water stores dress Put the control valve of 10 so that air and source water are sufficiently mixed in gas-liquid interface generating means 20, and beat continuously through turbomachine Broken, generate micro-nano air-bubble, the micro-nano air-bubble of this generation is input to gas-liquid separator 30 and makes air pocket air with micro- Nanobubble water separates, and air pocket air discharges through air vent, and micro-nano air-bubble is input to trace dropping regulation through pipeline In device 40, control to be mixed into biological preparation and make micro-nano air-bubble reach ecological balance, then be input to the storage of micro-nano air-bubble In device 50, then it is transmitted back to flow in source water storage device 10 through pipeline, thus reaches cultivate Water warfare and reach ecological balance Purpose.
Although present disclosure has been made to be discussed in detail by above preferred embodiment, but it should be appreciated that above-mentioned Description is not considered as limitation of the present invention.After those skilled in the art have read foregoing, for the present invention's Multiple amendment and replacement all will be apparent from.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be limited to the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture, it is characterised in that this ecological balance instrument comprises: source water storage device (10), gas-liquid interface generating means (20), gas-liquid separator (30), trace dropping actuator (40);Described gas-liquid interface is sent out Generating apparatus (20) comprises pump case (21), running wheel (22), the first port (23), the second port (24) and the 3rd port (25); This first port (23) and source water storage device (10) pipeline communication, this second port (24) is used for input air, the 3rd end Mouth (25) connects with gas-liquid separator (30);Described gas-liquid separator (30) respectively with gas-liquid interface generating means (20), micro- Amount dropping actuator (40) pipeline communication;This gas-liquid separator (30) is additionally provided with air vent, this trace dropping actuator (40) Pipeline at output be connected to source water storage device (10).
2. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that this ecological balance instrument also wraps Contain: micro-nano air-bubble storage device (50);The pipeline at output of described trace dropping actuator (40) is communicated to micro-nano Air-bubble storage device (50), the outfan of this micro-nano air-bubble storage device (50) is with source water storage device (10) pipeline even Logical.
3. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described micro-nano air-bubble The outfan of storage device (50) also the first port (23) with described gas-liquid interface generating means (20) connects.
4. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described gas-liquid separator (30) outfan is additionally provided with air pocket automatic regulating valve (31).
5. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described source water storage device (10) container is stored for cultivation water field or other need water to be processed.
6. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that this ecological balance instrument also comprises PLC control module, for controlling the disposal situation of air and source water.
7. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described trace dropping regulation Device (40) comprises: Raw material pail (41), electromagnetic valve (42), drop regulator (43) and liquid droping speed detection photoswitch (44).
8. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that described trace dropping regulation Device (40) also comprises low liquid level meter (45).
9. the ecological balance instrument for aquaculture as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that described trace dropping regulation The input of device (40) is additionally provided with and adds hydraulic control valve (46).
CN201610251178.2A 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture CN105941295B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106719283A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-31 上海通凌化工有限公司 A kind of ecologic breeding balances robot control system(RCS) and its method

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CN101790969A (en) * 2009-02-04 2010-08-04 郭丰时 High-efficiency oxygen dissolving and increasing device
CN102765773A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-11-07 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Air floatation device
CN102805051A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-12-05 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Sterilization and oxygenation equipment for aquaculture
WO2013132481A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Aqua Green Ltd Aquaculture system
CN104829007A (en) * 2015-05-10 2015-08-12 浙江美纳环保科技有限公司 Dissolved air flotation sewage processing device with self-cleaning function
CN205794519U (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-12-14 佛山市百特利农业生态科技有限公司 A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101790969A (en) * 2009-02-04 2010-08-04 郭丰时 High-efficiency oxygen dissolving and increasing device
WO2013132481A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Aqua Green Ltd Aquaculture system
CN102805051A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-12-05 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Sterilization and oxygenation equipment for aquaculture
CN102765773A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-11-07 北京中农天陆微纳米气泡水科技有限公司 Air floatation device
CN104829007A (en) * 2015-05-10 2015-08-12 浙江美纳环保科技有限公司 Dissolved air flotation sewage processing device with self-cleaning function
CN205794519U (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-12-14 佛山市百特利农业生态科技有限公司 A kind of ecological balance instrument for aquaculture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106719283A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-05-31 上海通凌化工有限公司 A kind of ecologic breeding balances robot control system(RCS) and its method

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