CN105940810A - Forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine - Google Patents

Forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105940810A
CN105940810A CN201610477170.8A CN201610477170A CN105940810A CN 105940810 A CN105940810 A CN 105940810A CN 201610477170 A CN201610477170 A CN 201610477170A CN 105940810 A CN105940810 A CN 105940810A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
subsoiling
forced vibration
deep loosening
crossbeam
axle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610477170.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李霞
汤明军
王维新
屈通
张思远
闫毅敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shihezi University
Original Assignee
Shihezi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shihezi University filed Critical Shihezi University
Priority to CN201610477170.8A priority Critical patent/CN105940810A/en
Publication of CN105940810A publication Critical patent/CN105940810A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting

Abstract

The invention relates to a forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine which is characterized by comprising a framework, a deep loosening device, a high-pressure air pump, a forced vibration device and a depth control device. The deep loosening device is arranged below a front beam of the framework, the forced vibration device and the high-pressure air pump are arranged on a transverse beam, and the high-pressure air pump is connected with air holes of a deep loosening shovel shaft in the deep loosening device by hoses; the depth control device is arranged on two sides of the transverse beam. The forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine has the advantages that rotation of a power output shaft of a tractor is transformed into vibration of a deep loosening shovel by the forced vibration device at first, so that deep loosening operation can be carried out on soil; the air holes are additionally formed in the deep loosening shovel shaft and a shovel tip, air can be injected by an air compressor in the high-pressure air pump and covers the shovel tip, accordingly, air films can be formed, and resistance reducing effects can be jointly realized by the air films and the forced vibration device; pulling resistance can be reduced by the forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine, plow soles can be broken through, the porosity of the soil can be improved, fertilizer absorption can be promoted, good operation effects can be realized, and the forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine is high in adaptability.

Description

Forced vibration air pressure subsoiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of forced vibration air pressure subsoiler.
Background technology
Owing to long-term turns over the shallow-layer tillage methods such as rotary tillage and the use of large farm machinery, soil is compacted, the block that hardens is formed at soil horizon about 30cm, stop moisture penetration, going down to make topsoil to shoal for a long time, soil erosion aggravates, soil degradation, have a strong impact on crop root and go deep into soil layer absorption water and nutrient, and then affect crop yield.For the problems referred to above, the Party Central Committee, State Council pay much attention to the deep-ploughing implement facilitation to increases in grain production, list Report on the Work of the Government in as a vital task.Soil subsoiling refers to use subsoiler or deep soil loosing shovel to break 15 centimetres of soil below to harden block, soil compaction block can be effectively broken by deep-ploughing implement, add chiselling thickness, deep-ploughing implement Main Function is as follows: break plough sole, improve soil plough horizon structure: soil compaction can be broken, and then intensification arable layer, soil subsoiling can be broken ploughing for many years or the hard plough sole of stubble-cleaning formation, increase arable layer thickness;Improve the utilization rate of water resource: deep-ploughing implement breaks plough sole, and beneficially surface water permeates downwards, reduce rainwash, self regulation of soil moisture can be realized, accumulate natural precipitation, expand " Soil Reservoir " capacity, not only improve the substantial amounts of rainwater of receiving, may utilize again the water drainage of Mus road;Improve the content of organic matter of soil: deep-ploughing implement can improve the utilization rate of land resource, subsoiling has loosened the soil of depths, the root system compact district allowing crop moves down, root system residuum increases, providing condition for microbe survival, make not topsoil have anaerobic soil environment, humification synthesis is moving phase to reinforcement, the content of organic matter improves, and plays the effect of " foster and apply fertilizer and increase soil fertility ";Crop root is conducive to grow, increase crop yield: it is firm that plough sole thickens laminated structure soil layer, the root system causing crop vertical distribution reduces, and the root system of horizontal distribution increases, and subsoiling can reduce the soil weight, increase soil porosity, reduce soil aggregate and the formation of the destruction of soil capillary, beneficially soil colloid, and the adsorbable more ammonium radical ion that increases of soil colloid anion supplies Crop, accelerate root system to grow downwards, promote early ripening of the crops high yield.
At present, existing soil deep-loosening machine there is the problem that current soil deep-loosening machine production efficiency is low and tractor repeatedly enter ground will compacting soil, such as working resistance is big present in subsoiling process, the power consumption problem such as too much greatly hinders the popularization of deep-ploughing implement.Ensureing on the premise of soil good farming effect how to reduce tillage resistance, reduce operation power consumption and become subsoiling facility development hot issue urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to, for problem above, first the forced vibration device that rotates through of tractor motive power output shaft is changed into the vibration of deep soil loosing shovel, it is achieved the Subsoiler to soil;On the other hand, injecting air by high-pressure pump to deep soil loosing shovel, both can crush soil with air pressure, air covers on spear simultaneously, forms air film, jointly plays drag reduction effect with vibration.In a word, the invention provides one and can reduce tractive resistance, reduce energy consumption, soil porosity can be expanded again, promote that fertilizer absorbs, effectively solution arable layer is thin, soil compression serious, the block that hardens is deep, be difficult to problems such as breaking, parts easy disassembly, tilling width adjustable forced vibration air pressure subsoiler.
It is an object of the invention to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
Its feature of the present invention is: be made up of frame, subsoiling device, high-pressure pump, forced vibration device and depth control apparatus, described frame is made up of front-axle beam, lower link plate, upper hanging plate, crossbeam, the back rest, described lower link plate is connected with front-axle beam, upper hanging plate is connected with front-axle beam and crossbeam, and front-axle beam is connected by crossbeam with the back rest;Described subsoiling device is located under the front-axle beam of frame;Described forced vibration device is located on crossbeam;Described high-pressure pump is located on crossbeam, and high-pressure pump is connected with the passage of subsoiling spade in subsoiling device by flexible pipe;Described depth control apparatus is located at the both sides of crossbeam.
Described forced vibration device is by bearing block, bevel gear wheel, bevel pinion, power input shaft, final drive shaft, driving gear, driven gear, eccentric shaft, eccentric bushing is constituted, bearing block is connected with the front-axle beam of frame, bearing block is provided with power input shaft, bevel pinion is connected with power input shaft rear end, bevel gear wheel is connected with bevel pinion, bevel gear wheel center is provided with final drive shaft, final drive shaft two ends are provided with driving gear, and fixed by bearing block, driven gear is connected by chain with driving gear, driven gear center is provided with eccentric shaft, and fixed by bearing block, eccentric bushing is connected with eccentric shaft.
Described subsoiling device is made up of shaker arm, connecting plate, subsoiling spade, subsoiling fixed plate, the deep soil loosing shovel wing, subsoiling spear, shaker arm is connected with the eccentric bushing of forced vibration device, connecting plate is connected with shaker arm, subsoiling spade is connected with connecting plate, subsoiling spade is connected with the back rest of frame by subsoiling fixed plate, subsoiling spade is drilled with passage, and be connected with high-pressure pump by flexible pipe, the deep soil loosing shovel wing is located at the both sides under subsoiling spade, it is provided with before the deep soil loosing shovel wing on subsoiling spear, the deep soil loosing shovel wing and subsoiling spear and is drilled with passage.
Described depth control apparatus is made up of land wheel, rotary handle, lifter, and rotary handle is located at lifter upper end, and both sides, lifter lower end are provided with land wheel.
The present invention increases passage on subsoiling spade, communicate with spear aperture, injecting air by the air compressor in high-pressure pump, air covers on spear, towards plough sole, chesson, auxiliary spear breaks the block that hardens, and plays drag reduction effect, slows down the spear extent of damage, expand soil porosity, promote that fertilizer absorbs.It addition, the subsoiling degree of depth, subsoiling between-line spacing, subsoiling line number, the fertile amount of fertilising all can easily be accommodated;And high-pressure pump injects gas chesson to plough sole, reduce operation tillage resistance;Increase the wing shovel can anthropogenic soil, reduce secondary mechanical enter geotechnique sequence, alleviate land charges.In a word, the present invention can reduce tractive resistance, can apply fertilizer again, and tilth is deep, and operation effectiveness is good, strong adaptability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the zoomed-in view of frame in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is forced vibration device zoomed-in view (in figure, frame draws the most completely) in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of Fig. 4 subsoiling spade;
In diagram: 1 is shaker arm, 2 is connecting plate, and 3 is subsoiling spade, and 4 is subsoiling fixed plate, and 5 is the deep soil loosing shovel wing, 6 is subsoiling spear, and 7 is frame, and 71 is front-axle beam, and 72 is lower link plate, 73 is upper hanging plate, and 74 is crossbeam, and 75 is the back rest, and 8 is bearing block, 9 is bevel gear wheel, and 10 is bevel pinion, and 11 is power input shaft, and 12 is land wheel, 13 is rotary handle, and 14 is lifter, and 15 is final drive shaft, and 16 is driving gear, 17 is high-pressure pump, and 18 is driven gear, and 19 is eccentric shaft, and 20 is eccentric bushing.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment: referring to the drawings 1~5, the present invention includes that frame 7, subsoiling device, high-pressure pump 17, forced vibration device and depth control apparatus are constituted, described frame 7 is made up of front-axle beam 71, lower link plate 72, upper hanging plate 73, crossbeam 74, the back rest 75, described lower link plate 71 is connected with front-axle beam 71, upper hanging plate 73 is connected with front-axle beam 71 and crossbeam 74, and front-axle beam 71 is connected by crossbeam 74 with the back rest 75;Described subsoiling device is located at the front-axle beam 71 times of frame 7;Described forced vibration device is located on crossbeam 74;Described high-pressure pump 17 is located on crossbeam 74, and high-pressure pump 17 is connected with the passage of subsoiling spade 3 in subsoiling device by flexible pipe;Described depth control apparatus is located at the both sides of crossbeam 74.
Described forced vibration device is by bearing block 8, bevel gear wheel 9, bevel pinion 10, power input shaft 11, final drive shaft 15, driving gear 16, driven gear 18, eccentric shaft 19, eccentric bushing 20 is constituted, bearing block 8 is connected with the front-axle beam 71 of frame 7, bearing block 8 is provided with power input shaft 11, bevel pinion 10 is connected with power input shaft 11 rear end, bevel gear wheel 9 is connected with bevel pinion 10, bevel gear wheel 9 center is provided with final drive shaft 15, final drive shaft 15 two ends are provided with driving gear 16, and fixed by bearing block 8, driven gear 18 is connected by chain with driving gear 16, driven gear 18 center is provided with eccentric shaft 19, and fixed by bearing block 8, eccentric bushing 20 is connected with eccentric shaft 19.
Described subsoiling device is by shaker arm 1, connecting plate 2, subsoiling spade 3, subsoiling fixed plate 4, the deep soil loosing shovel wing 5, subsoiling spear 6 is constituted, shaker arm 1 is connected with the eccentric bushing 20 of forced vibration device, connecting plate 2 is connected with shaker arm 1, subsoiling spade 3 is connected with connecting plate 2, subsoiling spade 3 is connected with the back rest 75 of frame 71 by subsoiling fixed plate 4, subsoiling spade 3 is drilled with passage, and be connected with high-pressure pump 17 by flexible pipe, the deep soil loosing shovel wing 5 is located at the both sides under subsoiling spade 3, subsoiling spear 6 it is provided with before the deep soil loosing shovel wing 5, it is drilled with passage on the deep soil loosing shovel wing 5 and subsoiling spear 6.
Described depth control apparatus is made up of land wheel 12, rotary handle 13, lifter 14, and rotary handle 13 is located at lifter 14 upper end, and both sides, lifter 14 lower end are provided with land wheel 12.

Claims (4)

1. a forced vibration air pressure subsoiler, it is characterized in that: be made up of frame, subsoiling device, high-pressure pump, forced vibration device and depth control apparatus, described frame is made up of front-axle beam, lower link plate, upper hanging plate, crossbeam, the back rest, described lower link plate is connected with front-axle beam, upper hanging plate is connected with front-axle beam and crossbeam, and front-axle beam is connected by crossbeam with the back rest;Described subsoiling device is located under the front-axle beam of frame;Described forced vibration device is located on crossbeam;Described high-pressure pump is located on crossbeam, and high-pressure pump is connected with the passage of subsoiling spade in subsoiling device by flexible pipe;Described depth control apparatus is located at the both sides of crossbeam.
A kind of forced vibration air pressure subsoiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described forced vibration device is by bearing block, bevel gear wheel, bevel pinion, power input shaft, final drive shaft, driving gear, driven gear, eccentric shaft, eccentric bushing is constituted, bearing block is connected with the front-axle beam of frame, bearing block is provided with power input shaft, bevel pinion is connected with power input shaft rear end, bevel gear wheel is connected with bevel pinion, bevel gear wheel center is provided with final drive shaft, final drive shaft two ends are provided with driving gear, and fixed by bearing block, driven gear is connected by chain with driving gear, driven gear center is provided with eccentric shaft, and fixed by bearing block, eccentric bushing is connected with eccentric shaft.
A kind of forced vibration air pressure subsoiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described subsoiling device is by shaker arm, connecting plate, subsoiling spade, subsoiling fixed plate, the deep soil loosing shovel wing, subsoiling spear is constituted, shaker arm is connected with the eccentric bushing of forced vibration device, connecting plate is connected with shaker arm, subsoiling spade is connected with connecting plate, subsoiling spade is connected with the back rest of frame by subsoiling fixed plate, subsoiling spade is drilled with passage, and be connected with high-pressure pump by flexible pipe, the deep soil loosing shovel wing is located at the both sides under subsoiling spade, subsoiling spear it is provided with before the deep soil loosing shovel wing, it is drilled with passage on the deep soil loosing shovel wing and subsoiling spear.
A kind of forced vibration air pressure subsoiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described depth control apparatus is made up of land wheel, rotary handle, lifter, and rotary handle is located at lifter upper end, and both sides, lifter lower end are provided with land wheel.
CN201610477170.8A 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine Pending CN105940810A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610477170.8A CN105940810A (en) 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610477170.8A CN105940810A (en) 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Forced vibration pneumatic deep loosening machine

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CN105940810A true CN105940810A (en) 2016-09-21

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109923959A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-25 吉林大学 A kind of dual-vibration drag reduction subsoiler
CN111165095A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-05-19 华南农业大学 Vibration subsoiler

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2400957C1 (en) * 2009-04-02 2010-10-10 Федеральное государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Бурятская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия им. В.Р. Филиппова" Soil dispersion complex arrangement
CN102823348A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-12-19 中国农业大学 Subsoiler vibrating in staggering way
US20150053437A1 (en) * 2013-08-21 2015-02-26 Cnh Industrial America Llc Actuator adjusted rolling baskets
CN204291750U (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-04-29 石河子大学 Viberation deep coosener
CN105393654A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-16 石河子大学 Vibration deep subsoiler
CN105432168A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-30 石河子大学 Pneumatic deep loosening and fertilizer applying machine
CN105493660A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 石河子大学 Pneumatic deep loosening machine
CN205694140U (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 石河子大学 Forced vibration air pressure subsoiler

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2400957C1 (en) * 2009-04-02 2010-10-10 Федеральное государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Бурятская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия им. В.Р. Филиппова" Soil dispersion complex arrangement
CN102823348A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-12-19 中国农业大学 Subsoiler vibrating in staggering way
US20150053437A1 (en) * 2013-08-21 2015-02-26 Cnh Industrial America Llc Actuator adjusted rolling baskets
CN204291750U (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-04-29 石河子大学 Viberation deep coosener
CN105393654A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-16 石河子大学 Vibration deep subsoiler
CN105432168A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-30 石河子大学 Pneumatic deep loosening and fertilizer applying machine
CN105493660A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-20 石河子大学 Pneumatic deep loosening machine
CN205694140U (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 石河子大学 Forced vibration air pressure subsoiler

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109923959A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-25 吉林大学 A kind of dual-vibration drag reduction subsoiler
CN109923959B (en) * 2019-04-12 2021-10-01 吉林大学 Dual-vibration drag reduction subsoiler
CN111165095A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-05-19 华南农业大学 Vibration subsoiler
CN111165095B (en) * 2020-01-07 2021-06-25 华南农业大学 Vibration subsoiler

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Application publication date: 20160921

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