CN105939108A - Switch inductor type quasi-switch voltage-boosting DC-DC converter - Google Patents

Switch inductor type quasi-switch voltage-boosting DC-DC converter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105939108A
CN105939108A CN201610508664.8A CN201610508664A CN105939108A CN 105939108 A CN105939108 A CN 105939108A CN 201610508664 A CN201610508664 A CN 201610508664A CN 105939108 A CN105939108 A CN 105939108A
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diode
inductance
semiconductor
oxide
metal
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CN105939108B (en
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张波
朱小全
丘东元
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Fuhua Electronic Co., Ltd.
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/02Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/04Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/10Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode
    • H02M3/145Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/155Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M3/00Conversion of dc power input into dc power output
    • H02M3/02Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac
    • H02M3/04Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters
    • H02M3/10Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode
    • H02M3/145Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M3/155Conversion of dc power input into dc power output without intermediate conversion into ac by static converters using discharge tubes with control electrode or semiconductor devices with control electrode using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M3/1552Boost converters exploiting the leakage inductance of a transformer or of an alternator as boost inductor

Abstract

The invention provides a switch inductor type quasi-switch voltage-boosting DC-DC converter. The converter comprises a voltage source, a switch inductor unit which consists of a first inductor, a second inductor, a fourth diode, a fifth diode and a sixth diode, a two-end quasi-switch voltage-boosting unit which consists of a first capacitor, a first diode, a first MOS transistor, a third diode and the switch inductor unit, a second MOS transistor, a second capacitor, a third diode, an output diode, an output filtering capacitor and a load. The whole circuit is simple in structure, combines the single-level voltage-boosting characteristics of each of the quasi-switch voltage-boosting unit, the switch capacitor unit and the switch inductor unit, and expands the output voltage gain.

Description

A kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter
Technical field
The present invention relates to Power Electronic Circuit technical field, be specifically related to a kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit.
Background technology
In fuel cell power generation, photovoltaic generation, the DC voltage provided due to single solaode or single fuel cell is relatively low, the need for electricity of existing electrical equipment cannot be met, grid-connected demand can not be met, generally require the voltage reaching required that is together in series by multiple batteries.On the one hand this method greatly reduces the reliability of whole system, the most also needs to solve series average-voltage problem.For this reason, it may be necessary to can be high-tension high-gain DC-DC converter low voltage transition.The switching boost converter SBI proposed in recent years is little due to the excursion of its output voltage, and in the occasion of low-voltage high input voltage output, such as distributed energy grid-connected system and fuel cell system, tradition SBI changer becomes no longer to be suitable for.In order to expand the scope of application of tradition SBI changer, it is necessary to improved by topology and expand its output voltage gain.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit, concrete technical scheme is as follows.
A kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit, including voltage source, by the first inductance, the switched inductors unit that second inductance, the 4th diode, the 5th diode and the 6th diode are constituted, by the first electric capacity, the first diode, the first metal-oxide-semiconductor, the two ends quasi-boost switching unit that 3rd diode and switched inductors unit are constituted, second metal-oxide-semiconductor, the second electric capacity, the second diode, output diode, output filter capacitor and load are constituted.
In above-mentioned a kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit, the positive pole of described voltage source is connected with the negative pole of the first electric capacity and the anode of the 3rd diode respectively;The positive pole of described first electric capacity anode with negative electrode, the drain electrode of the first metal-oxide-semiconductor and the output diode of the first diode respectively is connected;The source electrode of described first metal-oxide-semiconductor anode with negative electrode, one end of the first inductance and the 4th diode of the 3rd diode respectively is connected;The negative electrode of described 4th diode is connected with the negative electrode of the 5th diode and one end of the second inductance respectively;The other end of described first inductance is connected with the anode of the 5th diode and the anode of the 6th diode respectively;The anode of described first diode negative electrode with the other end, the drain electrode of the second metal-oxide-semiconductor, the positive pole of the second electric capacity and the 6th diode of the second inductance respectively is connected;The negative pole of described second electric capacity one end with the anode of the second diode, the negative pole of output filter capacitor and load respectively is connected;The negative electrode of described output diode is connected with the positive pole of output filter capacitor and the other end of load respectively;The negative pole of described voltage source is connected with source electrode, the negative electrode of the second diode of the second metal-oxide-semiconductor respectively.
Compared with prior art, circuit of the present invention has the advantage that and technique effect: the whole circuit structure of the present invention is simple, and easy to control, output voltage gain is higher;Circuit of the present invention utilizes the single-stage buck characteristic of quasi-boost switching unit and switched inductors and switching capacity to charge parallel the characteristic of discharged in series, thus increases output voltage, it is achieved that the expansion of quasi-switching boost converter output voltage gain.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit in the specific embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 a, Fig. 2 b are the equivalent circuit diagram that a kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit shown in Fig. 1 simultaneously turned at its first metal-oxide-semiconductor and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor and simultaneously turn off the period respectively.
Fig. 3 is gain curve and Boost, switching capacity Boost, traditional Z source DC-DC converter and the gain curve comparison diagram of novel quasi-Z source DC-DC converter of circuit of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme is explained in detail by above content, is embodied as being further described to the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit of the present invention, including voltage source, by the first inductance, the second inductance, the 4th diode, the switched inductors unit that 5th diode and the 6th diode are constituted, by the first electric capacity, the first diode, first metal-oxide-semiconductor, the two ends quasi-boost switching unit that 3rd diode and switched inductors unit are constituted, the second metal-oxide-semiconductor, the second electric capacity, second diode, output diode Do, output filter capacitor and load RL.As the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2When simultaneously turning on, described first diode D1, the second diode D2, the 3rd diode D3With the 5th diode D5It is turned off, the 4th diode D4, the 6th diode D6Conducting;Described voltage source ViWith the first electric capacity C1Together to the first inductance L in parallel1With the second inductance L2Charging energy-storing;Meanwhile, voltage source Vi, the first electric capacity C1With the second electric capacity C2Together to output filter capacitor CfWith load RLPower supply.As the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2When simultaneously turning off, described first diode D1, the second diode D2, the 3rd diode D3With the 5th diode D5It is both turned on, the 4th diode D4, the 6th diode D6With output diode DoTurn off;First inductance L1With the second inductance L2With the first electric capacity C after series connection1Parallel connection, forms loop;Described voltage source ViWith the first inductance L1With the second inductance L2Together to the second electric capacity C2Charging, forms loop;Meanwhile, output filter capacitor CfTo load RLIt is powered.Whole circuit structure is simple, has higher output voltage gain.
The concrete connected mode of circuit of the present invention is as follows: the positive pole of described voltage source is connected with the negative pole of the first electric capacity and the anode of the 3rd diode respectively;The positive pole of described first electric capacity anode with negative electrode, the drain electrode of the first metal-oxide-semiconductor and the output diode of the first diode respectively is connected;The source electrode of described first metal-oxide-semiconductor anode with negative electrode, one end of the first inductance and the 4th diode of the 3rd diode respectively is connected;The negative electrode of described 4th diode is connected with the negative electrode of the 5th diode and one end of the second inductance respectively;The other end of described first inductance is connected with the anode of the 5th diode and the anode of the 6th diode respectively;The anode of described first diode negative electrode with the other end, the drain electrode of the second metal-oxide-semiconductor, the positive pole of the second electric capacity and the 6th diode of the second inductance respectively is connected;The negative pole of described second electric capacity one end with the anode of the second diode, the negative pole of output filter capacitor and load respectively is connected;The negative electrode of described output diode is connected with the positive pole of output filter capacitor and the other end of load respectively;The negative pole of described voltage source is connected with source electrode, the negative electrode of the second diode of the second metal-oxide-semiconductor respectively.
Fig. 2 a, Fig. 2 b give the process chart of circuit of the present invention.Fig. 2 a, Fig. 2 b correspondence respectively is the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Simultaneously turn on and simultaneously turn off the equivalent circuit diagram of period.Having the part that electric current flows through during solid line represents changer in figure, dotted line represents the part that in changer, no current flows through.
The work process of the present invention is as follows:
Stage 1, such as Fig. 2 a: the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Simultaneously turn on, now the first diode D1, the second diode D2, the 3rd diode D3With the 5th diode D5It is turned off, the 4th diode D4, the 6th diode D6Conducting.Circuit defines two loops, respectively: voltage source ViWith the first electric capacity C1With the second electric capacity C2Give output filter capacitor C togetherfWith load RLCharging, forms loop;Voltage source ViWith the first electric capacity C1To the first inductance L in parallel1With the second inductance L2It is charged energy storage, forms loop.
Stage 2, such as Fig. 2 the b: the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Simultaneously turn off, now the first diode D1, the second diode D2, the 3rd diode D3With the 5th diode D5It is both turned on, the 4th diode D4, the 6th diode D6With output diode DoTurn off.Circuit defines three loops, respectively: voltage source ViWith the first inductance L1With the second inductance L2Give the second electric capacity C together2Charging energy-storing, forms loop;First inductance L1With the second inductance L2Together to the first electric capacity C after series connection1Charging, forms loop;Output filter capacitor CfGive load RLPower supply, forms loop.
To sum up situation, due to the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Switch triggering pulse identical, if switching tube S1And S2Dutycycle be D, switch periods is Ts.And set VL1And VL2It is respectively the first inductance L1With the second inductance L2The voltage at two ends, VC1、VC2It is respectively the first electric capacity C1With the second electric capacity C2Voltage, VS1For and VS2It is respectively the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Voltage between drain electrode and source electrode.Switch periods TsIn, making output voltage is Vo.After changer enters steady operation, draw following voltage relationship derivation.
Operation mode 1: the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Simultaneously turn on, shown in corresponding equivalent circuit diagram 2a, therefore have an equation below:
VL1on=VL2on=Vi+VC1 (1)
VO=Vi+VC1+VC2 (2)
VS1=VS2=0 (3) metal-oxide-semiconductor S1And S2ON time be DTs
Operation mode 2: the first metal-oxide-semiconductor S1With the second metal-oxide-semiconductor S2Being turned off, corresponding equivalent circuit as shown in Figure 2 b, therefore has an equation below:
VL1-off+VL2-off=-VC1
(4)
VL1-off+VL2-off=Vi-VC2 (5)
VS2=VC2 (6)
VS1=VC1 (7)
Metal-oxide-semiconductor S1And S2Turn-off time be (1-D) Ts
Analyze according to above, the first inductance L1 and the second inductance L2 use inductance Flux consumption conservation principle, simultaneous formula (1), formula (4), formula (5) can obtain respectively:
D(Vi+VC1)-(1-D)(VC1+VL2-off)=0 (8)
D(Vi+VC1)-(1-D)(VC1+VL1-off)=0 (9) simultaneous formula (8) and formula (9) can be tried to achieve:
V L 1 _ o f f = V L 2 _ o f f = - V C 1 2 - - - ( 10 )
Thus, simultaneous formula (8), formula (9) and formula (10) can draw the first electric capacity C1Voltage VC1, the second electric capacity C2Voltage VC2With voltage source ViBetween relational expression be:
V C 1 = 2 D 1 - 3 D V i - - - ( 11 )
V C 2 = 1 - D 1 - 3 D V i - - - ( 12 )
Then by formula (2), formula (11) and formula (12), the output voltage V of circuit of the present invention can be obtainedoExpression formula is:
V o = 2 ( 1 - D ) 1 - 3 D V i - - - ( 13 )
The expression formula of the output voltage gain of circuit the most of the present invention is:
G = V o V i = 2 ( 1 - D ) 1 - 3 D - - - ( 14 )
It is illustrated in figure 3 gain curve and Boost, switching capacity Boost, traditional Z source DC-DC converter and the gain curve comparison diagram of novel quasi-Z source DC-DC converter of circuit of the present invention, figure includes the gain curve of circuit of the present invention, the gain curve of novel quasi-Z source DC-DC converter, the gain curve of traditional Z source DC-DC converter, the gain curve of switching capacity Boost, and the gain curve of Boost.As seen from the figure, circuit of the present invention is in the case of dutycycle D is less than 0.33, and gain G just can reach very big, and dutycycle D of circuit of the present invention is not over 0.33.Therefore, by contrast, the gain of circuit of the present invention is the highest.
In sum, circuit overall structure of the present invention is simple, easy to control, combine the characteristic of quasi-boost switching unit single-stage buck and switched inductors and switching capacity charges the characteristic of discharged in series parallel, achieve the further lifting of output voltage gain, and there is not inrush current and metal-oxide-semiconductor opens the dash current of moment.
Above-described embodiment is the present invention preferably embodiment; but embodiments of the present invention are also not restricted by the embodiments; the change made under other any spirit without departing from the present invention and principle, modify, substitute, combine, simplify; all should be the substitute mode of equivalence, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit, it is characterised in that include voltage source (Vi), switched inductors unit, quasi-boost switching unit, the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S2), the second electric capacity (C2) the second diode (D2), output diode (Do), output filter capacitor (Cf) and load (RL);Described switched inductors unit is by the first inductance (L1), the second inductance (L2), the 4th diode (D4), the 5th diode (D5), the 6th diode (D6) constitute;Described quasi-boost switching unit is by the first diode (D1), the first electric capacity (C1), the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S1), the 3rd diode (D3) and foregoing switched inductors unit composition.
A kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described voltage source (Vi) positive pole respectively with the first electric capacity (C1) negative pole and the 3rd diode (D3) anode connect;Described first electric capacity (C1) positive pole respectively with the first diode (D1) negative electrode, the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S1) drain electrode and output diode (Do) anode connect;Described first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S1) source electrode respectively with the 3rd diode (D3) negative electrode, the first inductance (L1) one end and the 4th diode (D4) anode connect;Described 4th diode (D4) negative electrode respectively with the 5th diode (D5) negative electrode and the second inductance (L2) one end connect;Described first inductance (L1) the other end respectively with the 5th diode (D5) anode and the 6th diode (D6) anode connect;Described first diode (D1) anode respectively with the second inductance (L2) the other end, the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S2) drain electrode, the second electric capacity (C2) positive pole and the 6th diode (D6) negative electrode connect;Described second electric capacity (C2) negative pole respectively with the second diode (D2) anode, output filter capacitor (Cf) negative pole and load (RL) one end connect;Described output diode (Do) negative electrode respectively with output filter capacitor (Cf) positive pole and load (RL) the other end connect;Described voltage source (Vi) negative pole respectively with the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S2) source electrode, the second diode (D2) negative electrode connect.
A kind of switched inductors type quasi-boost switching DC-DC converter circuit the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that as the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S1) and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S2) when simultaneously turning on, described first diode (D1), the second diode (D2), the 3rd diode (D3) and the 5th diode (D5) be turned off, the 4th diode (D4) and the 6th diode (D6) conducting, voltage source (Vi) and the first electric capacity (C1) give the first inductance (L in parallel1) and the second inductance (L2) charge simultaneously;Meanwhile, voltage source (Vi) and the first electric capacity (C1) and the second electric capacity (C2) together to output filter capacitor (Cf) and load (RL) power supply;As the first metal-oxide-semiconductor (S1) and the second metal-oxide-semiconductor (S2) when simultaneously turning off, described first diode (D1), the second diode (D2), the 3rd diode (D3) and the 5th diode (D5) be both turned on, the 4th diode (D4) and the 6th diode (D6) turn off, output diode (Do) turn off;Described first inductance (L1) and the second inductance (L2) after series connection with the first electric capacity (C1) in parallel, form loop;Described voltage source (Vi), the first inductance (L1) and the second inductance (L2) give the second electric capacity (C2) charging;Meanwhile, output filter capacitor (Cf) give load (RL) power supply.
CN201610508664.8A 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 A kind of quasi- boost switching DC-DC converter of switched inductors type Active CN105939108B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106849643A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-06-13 华南理工大学 A kind of switching capacity type mixes quasi- Z source converters
CN108429454A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-08-21 广东工业大学 A kind of biswitch DC-DC converter
CN110829842A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-21 哈尔滨理工大学 High-gain DC-DC converter of fuel cell for automobile

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CN105529925A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-04-27 浙江艾罗电源有限公司 Boost convertor based on switch inductor
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106849643A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-06-13 华南理工大学 A kind of switching capacity type mixes quasi- Z source converters
CN108429454A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-08-21 广东工业大学 A kind of biswitch DC-DC converter
CN110829842A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-21 哈尔滨理工大学 High-gain DC-DC converter of fuel cell for automobile
CN110829842B (en) * 2019-11-18 2021-03-19 哈尔滨理工大学 High-gain DC-DC converter of fuel cell for automobile

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