CN105937898A - Fully-intelligent inclination measuring device and inclination measuring method - Google Patents

Fully-intelligent inclination measuring device and inclination measuring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105937898A
CN105937898A CN201610495097.7A CN201610495097A CN105937898A CN 105937898 A CN105937898 A CN 105937898A CN 201610495097 A CN201610495097 A CN 201610495097A CN 105937898 A CN105937898 A CN 105937898A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
measurement
measuring probe
master control
measuring
steering nozzle
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CN201610495097.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许卫
周武
张乾
窦臻荣
代贞龙
刘志峻
陈伟翔
易俗
易华
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WUHAN GEO-ENG YANGTZE AUSTRALIA Co Ltd
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WUHAN GEO-ENG YANGTZE AUSTRALIA Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610495097.7A priority Critical patent/CN105937898A/en
Publication of CN105937898A publication Critical patent/CN105937898A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/32Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring the deformation in a solid
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link

Abstract

The invention provides a fully-intelligent inclination measuring device and an inclination measuring method. The inclination measuring device comprises a measuring probe, a lifting mechanism connected with the measuring probe, a rotation mechanism, a connecting bushing and a main control system; the connecting bushing is in sleeving connection with the outer wall of a portion of an inclination measuring tube, wherein the portion of the inclination measuring tube extends out from the ground; the rotation mechanism comprises a rotation guide tube and a rotation motor which can drive the rotation guide tube to rotate; the rotation guide tube is inserted into the connecting bushing through the upper opening of the connecting bushing so as to be in butt joint with the inclination measuring tube; when in an initial position or a rotating state, the measuring probe is located in the rotation guide tube; the upper end of the measuring probe is connected with the lifting mechanism; and the measuring probe can rise and descend along the rotation guide tube and the inclination measuring tube under the effect of the lifting mechanism. According to the fully-intelligent inclination measuring device of the present invention, the high-precision wireless probe and a probe position and attitude automatic control device are matched with each other, and therefore, with only such an inclination measuring device adopted, fully-automatic measurement and data processing of an inclination measuring hole can be completed. The fully-intelligent inclination measuring device has the advantages of high automation degree, high measuring speed, little manual intervention, low labor intensity, low price, convenient installation and the like.

Description

A kind of full Intelligent testing ramp and tilt measurement
Technical field
The present invention relates to Geotechnical Engineering field, specifically a kind of full Intelligent testing ramp and survey Tiltedly method.
Background technology
Inclinometer is mainly used in measuring deep basal pit, side slope, ground, horizontal displacement and section and sinks Fall.Conventional inclinometer is typically made up of probe, cable, data collecting instrument.The sensing of probe Type formula has servo accelerometer formula, resistance-strain chip, steel chord type, differential resistance type etc. many Kind of pattern, currently used most be servo acceleration formula.
The operation principle of inclinometer is by bore mode, and inclinometer pipe is imbedded underground (inclinometer pipe Make with materials such as polrvinyl chloride, ABS plastic, aluminium alloys, in pipe, be mutually 90 degree Four gathering sills of angle), by cable, probe is put into inclinometer pipe, measure inclinometer pipe axis And the variable angle amount between plumb line, thus calculate the horizontal displacement size of soil layer each point. When foundation ditch, Bian Keng, ground produce deformation, inclinometer pipe deforms therewith, inclino-probe top sheave Lower pointwise test (general 50cm/ measuring point), piecemeal inclinometer pipe after measuring deformation along gathering sill Angle theta i between axis and vertical line, and press the section length of measuring point, obtain different high respectively Horizontal displacement increment Delta di at journey, i.e. Δ di=Lsin θ i.
(1) add up piecemeal by measuring point bottom inclinometer pipe, the actual bit at arbitrary elevation can be obtained Move, i.e. bi=Σ Δ di
(2) mouth of pipe cumulative horizontal displacement is: B=Σ Δ di
Thus can accurately measure horizontal displacement X, Y, according to the value size of Δ X, Y, make Forecast, guiding construction.
Inclinometer can be divided into portable and fixed two classes, according to different application scenarios, portable Formula inclinometer also can be divided into vertically and horizontally two kinds of inclinometers, fixed is divided into single shaft and twin shaft to survey Tiltedly instrument.The most most widely used is Portable vertical inclinometer, and the content that the present invention relates to is vertical Straight inclinometer, so inclinometer mentioned above refers both to vertical inclinometer.
The groundwork mode of now widely used inclinometer is:
(1) Portable dip instrument: this instrument is by measuring cable pulling clinometer probe edge The pulley groove of inclinometer pipe inwall measures, and measurement result is by the reading being connected with measurement cable Instrument reads, and Portable dip instrument is it is generally required to two people's manual operationss, and a people is responsible for folding and unfolding and measures Cable, a people is responsible for operating readout instrument and record data.According to the requirement of specification, need every 0.5 meter of spacing carries out one-shot measurement, and the measurement position of inclinometer need to be long by artificial folding and unfolding cable Degree determines, control accuracy and repeatability are poor.More severe and dangerous for some environment The highest place, completes the time spent by one-shot measurement and manpower and materials are the biggest, efficiency Lowly, and the data measured cannot real-time Transmission.
(2) stationary slope level: this instrument is by a number of deviational survey sensor is solid Dingan County is contained in the ad-hoc location of inclinometer pipe.By reading these tilt data measuring sensor, Obtain the displacement profile data of inclinometer pipe.Fixing inclinometer is applicable to continuous print, nobody stands fast at Monitoring works, it is also possible to realize the real-time Transmission of data.If but its shortcoming is it is also obvious that press Every 0.5 meter ampere of requirement according to specification fills a tilting sensor, and its price will allow people connect Being subject to, the most commonplace way is to strengthen the spacing of measuring point, and this result in certainty of measurement Reduction, nonetheless price is the highest.
In recent years, the problem existed for now widely used inclinometer, the most also have People proposes the improvement idea that some are new, mainly can be summarized as two kinds, and one is on existing basis On, increase electric lifting mechanism, communication cable as hoist cable and is taken into account power supply and communication Function, another kind be use steel wire replace hoist cable, use probe in battery to deviational survey Sensor power, uses wireless way for transmitting data.Both modes have its significant shortcoming, First kind of way is heavier due to cable, need to strengthen elevating mechanism accordingly, cause equipment swelling Swollen, it is impossible to realize Fast Installation and deployment, and need mains-supplied, adaptive capacity to environment to have Limit.The second way, does not the most fully take into account the use environment of instrument, it is known that Under the conditions of deep hole, having part hydrops in general hole, the underwater transmission range of wireless telecommunications is non- It is the most limited that (transmission range is relevant with the communication frequency of use and transmitting power, and powering by battery is Statistics is calculated, and ultimate range is not over 0.5 meter), this will cause instrument normally to use. What is more important, in inclinometer operating specification, in order to eliminate systematic error, is required to survey Amount probe needs should carry out twice measurement operation, and second time measurement when measuring gaging hole before First probe is horizontally rotated 180 degree on the basis of former coordinate system.Above-mentioned these improve or idea This code requirement the most unrealized, its precision measured and accuracy remain to be discussed.
In a word, existing tilt measurement, all there is also each self defect, it is difficult to real Realize accuracy, verity, real-time, convenience and the intelligence to horizontal displacement DATA REASONING The requirement changed.
Summary of the invention
For deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention is for measuring boring, foundation ditch, ground The drift angle of engineering structure such as basis, body of wall and dam body slope, azimuth provide a kind of accuracy, Verity, real-time, convenience and intelligentized full Intelligent testing ramp and tilt measurement.
A kind of full Intelligent testing ramp, including measuring probe, rotating mechanism, connection sleeve pipe, master The elevating mechanism that Ore-controlling Role is connected with measuring probe, connects sleeve pipe and inclinometer pipe and elevates above the soil portion The outer wall socket divided, rotating mechanism includes the rotation that steering nozzle and powered rotatable conduit rotate Rotating motor, steering nozzle inserts from the upper end open connecting sleeve pipe and docks with inclinometer pipe, measures and visit Head is positioned in steering nozzle when initial position or rotary state, the upper end of measuring probe and lifting Mechanism connects, and measuring probe can be carried out along steering nozzle, inclinometer pipe under elevating mechanism effect Lifting moving, when measuring probe move up along inclinometer pipe bottom inclinometer pipe start to measure time, The storage of described measuring probe is according to the time cycle gained measurement data of regulation, described master control system Then store each hoisting depth and corresponding time, after being measured, measuring probe quilt When being promoted to initial position, described master control system and measuring probe carry out radio communication, extract and survey In amount probe, storage needs to measure the measurement data of the most corresponding time with each.
Further, the inwall of steering nozzle is provided with two to the parallel guide slots to distribution, rotation The guide groove of conduit fit like a glove parallel guide slots arbitrary with in inclinometer pipe is docked, and measuring probe can be Under elevating mechanism effect, guide groove, the guide groove of inclinometer pipe along steering nozzle carry out lifting moving.
Further, described measuring probe includes measuring bar, deviational survey unit, battery and channel radio Letter module, deviational survey unit, battery are located to be measured in bar, and wireless communication module is located on measurement bar Portion, wireless communication module is connected with deviational survey unit, is used for surveyed for deviational survey unit data with wireless Communication mode is transferred to master control system.
Further, measure bar and be respectively provided with the stainless steel wheel with spring assembly up and down a pair, Stainless steel wheel is placed in the guide groove of steering nozzle, under spring force, and can be along steering nozzle Guide groove, the guide groove of inclinometer pipe slide up and down also be unlikely to abjection.
Further, the contact that the installed above and master control system of the guide groove of steering nozzle is connected is opened Closing, in measuring probe is promoted to steering nozzle, the uppermost stainless steel wheel of measuring probe touches This contact switch, the contact switch signal that will put in place is transferred to master control system, and master control system receives this Put in place and open electric rotating machine after signal and drive steering nozzle to carry out rotating or entering with measuring probe Row wireless data transmission.
Further, one is fixed along two guide groove relative directions of inwall are each in the middle part of steering nozzle outer wall Individual permanent magnet, connects on sleeve pipe permanent magnet height and position relatively and is provided with one and is connected with master control system Magnetic switch, when steering nozzle reaches 180 degree along the axle center anglec of rotation, magnetic switch is defeated Go out signal to master control system) control electric rotating machine stop motion.
Further, connecting sleeve pipe top and use insertion to be slidably connected with steering nozzle, rotation is led Pipe outer wall bottom has a circle groove, and groove coordinates with being connected two spring-positioning devices on sleeve pipe Can realize steering nozzle not only can be to connect sleeve pipe transfer dynamic but also be unlikely to abjection.
Further, the outer wall circumference of steering nozzle, equipped with a swing pinion, is fixed on adapter sleeve The driving gear on electric rotating machine output shaft on pipe is connected with swing pinion engagement, electric rotating machine Steering nozzle can be driven to rotate by swing pinion during operating.
Further, described elevating mechanism include lift steel wire, lifting fixed pulley, lifting motor, Counter wheel, take-up pulley, wherein take-up pulley is fixed in the rotary shaft of lifting motor, lifts steel wire One end be connected with take-up pulley, the other end walk around lifting fixed pulley after is connected with measuring probe, liter Lifting steel wire between fall fixed pulley and take-up pulley is provided with counter wheel, and counter wheel is provided with main The angular encoder that Ore-controlling Role connects.
A kind of method utilizing said apparatus to carry out deviational survey, comprises the steps:
Step one, artificial input measurement parameter on the touch screen of master control system when measuring first, Described measurement parameter includes the degree of depth of tested metering-orifice, measurement dot spacing, measurement time, measures and open Time beginning, the frequency of measurement, temperature stabilization times, speed uplink, downstream rate measurement start Before, measuring probe is positioned at initial position, is i.e. positioned at the middle part of steering nozzle, and deviational survey unit is in Resting state;
Step 2, to the measurement time started preset time, system proceeds by automatically measurement, surveys Amount process is as follows:
Master control system first passes through wireless communication module and the deviational survey list being built in measuring probe Unit carries out clock synchronization, it is ensured that measurement data time tag is consistent;
Forward measures process: first master control system measures parameter with deviational survey elements exchange, determines survey The time point starting to measure of oblique cell, then master control system starts lifting motor, elevating mechanism By being placed to predeterminated position along inclinometer pipe by measuring probe according to default downstream rate, wait to pop one's head in After temperature at the bottom of temperature and measured hole is basically identical, elevating mechanism, under the commander of master control system, is pressed According to default speed uplink and measure dot spacing and measuring probe promoted and presses and measure dot spacing and exist In inclinometer pipe, relevant position stops the measurement time preset, until complete measurement a little, During this, deviational survey unit continual will measure according to the time cycle of regulation, and will be complete Portion's data are saved in internal memory, and after forward measurement process completes, deviational survey unit is again introduced into dormancy Phase;
Steering procedure: after forward is measured, under the drive of elevating mechanism, measuring probe will continue The continuous inclinometer pipe that lifts off enters in steering nozzle, and enhancing action is until measurement bar is uppermost not Rust steel wheel touches the contact switch being arranged on steering nozzle to be terminated, now, in master control system Commander under, steering nozzle is done coaxial with the connection sleeve pipe being fixed on inclinometer pipe by electric rotating machine Rotating, when the anglec of rotation reaches 180 degree, i.e. master control system receives from magnetic switch After output signal, steering procedure stops;
Reversely measure process: after steering procedure stops, master control system is again started up lifting motor, Complete to measure essentially identical measurement action with forward;
After reversely measurement process completes, measuring probe is promoted to initial position again, now leads Ore-controlling Role starts extraction and is saved in deviational survey cell memory relative with specified measurement high temporal The measurement data answered, after data exchanging completed, whole automatic deviational survey process terminates, inclination measurement device Entering rest period, measuring probe is in initial position, and inclination measurement device waits for the survey of next cycle Amount.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, design one be applicable to earth and rockfill dam, slip mass, Foundation ditch, dyke, hypogee, harbour affairs engineering etc. need the horizontal displacement to inside soil body to change The self-reacting device of monitoring;Dress is automatically controlled by high precision wireless probe and probe positions attitude Put and cooperate, it is only necessary to a measurement equipment can disposably complete the full-automatic survey to deviational survey hole Amount and data process, be really achieved the accuracy to deviational survey hole measurement, verity, real-time and The requirement of convenience;Compared with general measuring method and existing inclinometer equipment, this technology Research and development have automaticity height, measuring speed soon, can be monitored for a long time or temporarily, have The advantages such as manual intervention is little, and labor intensity is low, affordable, easy for installation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention full Intelligent testing one of them embodiment of ramp;
Fig. 2 is that in the embodiment of the present invention, steel wire relaxes the structural representation of alarm.
In figure: 1 measuring probe, 2 steering nozzles, 3 electric rotating machines, 4 swing pinions, 5 connect sleeve pipe, 6 inclinometer pipes, 7 elevating mechanisms, 8 master control systems, and 11 measure bar, 12 deviational survey unit, 13 batteries, 14 wireless communication modules, 15 stainless steel wheels, 21 Groove, 22 permanent magnets, 23 contact switch, 51 spring-positioning devices, 52 magnetic are opened Closing, 71 lifting steel wires, 72 lifting fixed pulleys, 73 lifting motors, 74 steel wires relax Alarm, 75 counter wheels, 76 angular encoders, 77 take-up pulleies, 741 regulating wheels, 742 pedestals, 743 push rods, 744 springs, 745 alarm actuating contact switches, 746 is sliding Block, 747 chutes, 748 tension wheel shafts.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the present invention, the technical scheme in the present invention is carried out clear, It is fully described by.
Fig. 1 show the structural representation of the present invention full Intelligent testing one of them embodiment of ramp Figure, described full Intelligent testing ramp include measuring probe 1, rotating mechanism, connection sleeve pipe 5, Elevating mechanism 7, master control system 8.
Connect the cylinder that sleeve pipe 5 is an aluminum alloy material, its internal diameter and inclinometer pipe 6 external diameter one Causing, described rotating mechanism is fixed on connection sleeve pipe 5 top, and measuring probe 1 is placed in rotating mechanism In.Connection sleeve pipe 5 bottom and inclinometer pipe 6 elevate above the soil and are partly bolted.
Described rotating mechanism includes steering nozzle 2, electric rotating machine 3, the outer wall of steering nozzle 2 Circumference, equipped with a swing pinion 4, is fixed on electric rotating machine 3 output shaft connected on sleeve pipe 5 The engagement of driving gear and swing pinion 4 be connected, such electric rotating machine 3 can pass through when operating Swing pinion 4 drives steering nozzle 2 to rotate.
Steering nozzle 2 external diameter and inner wall size are identical with inclinometer pipe 6, on inwall a pair to point The parallel guide slots of cloth also with inclinometer pipe in 6 arbitrary to guide barrel construction consistent size, rotation is led The bottom of pipe 2 dock with the upper end of inclinometer pipe 6 parallel guide slots so that steering nozzle 2 inwall with In inclinometer pipe, the guide groove of 6 coincide and connects.Connect sleeve pipe 5 top and use insertion with steering nozzle 2 Being slidably connected, steering nozzle 2 outer wall bottom has a circle groove 21, this groove 21 be connected On sleeve pipe 5 two spring-positioning devices 51 coordinate can realize steering nozzle 2 both can be at adapter sleeve Pipe 5 rotates and is unlikely to abjection.
A permanent magnetism is fixed along two guide groove relative directions of inwall are each in the middle part of steering nozzle 2 outer wall Ferrum 22, connects the identical height and position of permanent magnet 22 relatively on sleeve pipe 5 and is provided with a magnetic switch 53, when steering nozzle 2 is along axle center rotation turnback, magnetic switch 53 can be accurately detected The angle that steering nozzle 2 rotates, it is ensured that two guide grooves of steering nozzle 2 inwall and inclinometer pipe 3 In guide groove coincide location.
Owing to steering nozzle 2 outer wall is fixedly arranged above swing pinion 4, by being fixed on adapter sleeve Electric rotating machine 3 on pipe 3 promotes this swing pinion 4 thus drives steering nozzle 2 to rotate.Magnetic Property switch 53 be connected by cable communication with master control system 8, receiving magnetic switch 53 After the signal (representing that steering nozzle 2 has revolved turnback) gone out, master control system 8 controls to rotate Motor 3 stop motion.Magnetic switch 53, permanent magnet 22 coordinate can ensure with master control systems 8 The each anglec of rotation of steering nozzle 2 is 180 degree.
Described measuring probe 1 includes measuring bar 11, deviational survey unit 12, battery 13 and channel radio Letter module 14, measures bar 11 and is provided with the stainless steel wheel 15 (above 2 of four band spring assemblies Individual, below 2), described when measuring probe is entered inclinometer pipe 6 by steering nozzle 2, no Rust steel wheel 15 is under the effect of spring tension, along the guide groove slide downward of steering nozzle 2, After arriving inclinometer pipe 6, continue along inclinometer pipe 6 guide groove slide downward.Vice versa.Deviational survey list Unit 12, battery 13 are located in measurement bar 11, and wireless communication module 14 is located at measurement bar 11 Top, wireless communication module 14 is connected with deviational survey unit 12, for by deviational survey unit 12 institute Survey data and be transferred to master control system 8 with communication.It is understood that described master control System 8 also includes wireless with what the wireless communication module 14 of described measuring probe 1 communicated Communication module.
The contact that dress is connected with master control system 8 above one of them guide groove of steering nozzle 2 is opened Close 23, when measuring probe 1 is promoted to (i.e. measurement bar 11 bottom, middle part of steering nozzle 2 The fully out inclinometer pipe of stainless steel wheel 15 2 when reaching 5 centimetres), measuring probe 1 is topmost Stainless steel wheel 15 by this contact switch 23 of shake-up, contact switch 2 signal that will put in place is transferred to Master control system 8, informs that measurement bar 11 has promoted and puts in place, this position is defined as measuring initially Position (hereinafter referred to as initial position).Master control system 8 can be opened after receiving this signal that puts in place Electric rotating machine 3 drives steering nozzle 2 to carry out rotating or carrying out wireless data with measuring probe 1 Exchange.
Described elevating mechanism 7 include lift steel wire 71, lifting fixed pulley 72, lifting motor 73, Steel wire relaxes alarm 74, counter wheel 75, angular encoder 76, take-up pulley 77, Qi Zhongshou Line wheel 77, is fixed in the rotary shaft of lifting motor 73, one end of lifting steel wire 71 and receipts Line wheel 77 connection, the other end walk around lifting fixed pulley 72 after be connected with measuring probe 1, i.e. with The upper end measuring bar 11 connects.Lifting steel wire between lifting fixed pulley 72 and take-up pulley 77 71 are provided with steel wire relaxes alarm 74 and counter wheel 75, and counter wheel 75 is provided with and master control The angular encoder 76 that system 8 connects.
When lifting motor 73 drives take-up pulley 77 to rotate, at gravity and the liter of measuring probe 1 Under the drive of fall steel wire 71, measuring probe 1 is to be lifted or puts down;Counter wheel 75 is arranged on On angular encoder 76, lifting steel wire 71 is wound around a circle on counter wheel 75, when lifting steel Silk 71 motion time, drive counter wheel 75 is rotated, by angular encoder 76 thus realize The accurate measurement of the length (distance) that measuring probe 1 is lifted and puts down.
As in figure 2 it is shown, steel wire relaxes, alarm 74 includes regulating wheel 741, pedestal 742, top Bar 743, spring 744, alarm actuating contact switch 745, slide block 746, chute 747, regulating wheel Axle 748.Pedestal 742 is fixed on installing plate, has a vertical chute in the middle of pedestal 742 747, the rotary shaft of regulating wheel 741 is fixed in chute 747 (rotary shaft is rotatable), sliding Groove 747 top is push rod 743 equipped with slide block 746, slide block 746 top, and slide block 746 is built-in Spring 744, chute 747 bottom switchs 745 equipped with alarm actuating contact, and lifting steel wire 71 is from tensioning Take turns 741 bottoms to walk around.When normal use due to the action of gravity of measuring probe 1, make lifting Steel wire 71 is in tensioning state, and the slide block 746 equipped with regulating wheel 741 is positioned at chute 747 Top, when measuring probe 1 is when putting into inclinometer pipe 6, if owing to inclinometer pipe 6 deforms or The problems such as installation cause measuring probe 1 to be stuck in a certain position of inclinometer pipe 6, it is impossible to put to institute During the measurement position needed, owing to take-up pulley 77 continues to turn under the driving of lifting motor 73 Dynamic, but owing to having lacked the action of gravity of measuring probe 1, lifting steel wire 71 will produce pine Relaxing, regulating wheel 741 is not owing to lifting steel wire 71 tensioning, at spring 744 and push rod 743 Effect under, slide block 746 by promote regulating wheel 741 rotary shaft 748 move to chute 747 Bottom, triggers alarm actuating contact switch 745, and master control system 8 detects triggering alarm actuating contact switch The rotation of lifting motor 73 will be automatically stopped, it is to avoid lifting steel after 745 alarm signals sent Silk 71 is wound around, and sends alarm.Alarm actuating contact switch 745 can lead to master control system 8 Cross cable communication to connect.
The measuring staff 11 of measuring probe 1 uses rustless steel to make, and deviational survey unit 12 includes high accuracy Obliquity sensor, low-power microprocessor, precision interval clock, high-precision a/d converter, short Away from wireless communication module, rechargeable battery, Large Copacity flash memory etc..Deviational survey unit 12 Shell use rustless steel Seal Design, threaded with using between measuring staff 11.
Built-in its installation direction of obliquity sensor of deviational survey unit 12 is parallel with measuring bar 11.Survey During amount, measuring probe 1 entirety is placed in inclinometer pipe 6, and its four rustless steel guide wheels 15 exist Under spring effect, it is respectively clamped in the guide groove of inclinometer pipe 6, measures every time and start, deviational survey unit 12 will at predetermined intervals, gathers the angle data measured between bar 11 and vertical line, And the internal memory preserved to deviational survey unit 12, the i.e. internal memory of measuring probe 1 store press Time cycle gained measurement data according to regulation
Deviational survey unit 12 the overwhelming majority times in (non-measured cycle, rotation process etc.) all Being in resting state, the most connected wireless communication module 14 is according to some cycles quilt Wake up up as intercepting state (ensure with during the clock school of master control system 8 and data transmission), only When a measurement is started, just deviational survey unit 12 is waken up and is operated, such design be in order to Ensure that deviational survey unit 12, under limited battery electric power thus supplied, can work the long period, extend Change the time of battery.
Described master control system 8 is by Micro Energy Lose processor, precision interval clock, wireless communication module (example Such as short-distance wireless communication module), Large Copacity flash memory, solar power supply apparatus, GPRS Communication module, man machine interface etc. form, and man machine interface is the capacitive touch screen of 7 inches, It is used for arranging test parameter.Described master control system 8 measures parameter with deviational survey unit 12 exchange, Determine the time point starting to measure of deviational survey unit 12, during measuring, store each carry Rise and corresponding time.After being measured, measuring probe 1 is promoted to initial bit When putting, described master control system 8 carries out radio communication with measuring probe 1, extracts measuring probe 1 The measurement data of the measurement needed with each the most corresponding time of middle storage.
Measure according to the time cycle gained of regulation owing to the internal memory of measuring probe 1 storing Data, the time corresponding to each hoisting depth of described master control system 8 storage and measurement spy In the internal memory of 1, therefore the time of storage can extract corresponding measurement at needs with one_to_one corresponding During the measurement data of height, only need to be according to measuring the most corresponding time in measuring probe 1 Storage is searched, the corresponding measurement data of storage in the internal memory of measuring probe 1 can be looked for Go out.
The present invention automatically measures work process and is described below:
1, measure measuring probe 1 when starting and be positioned at initial position, measuring first need to be by manually existing Input on the touch screen of master control system 8 tested metering-orifice the degree of depth (rice), measure dot spacing (rice), The measurement time (second), measure the time started (time), measure frequency (my god), temperature stabilization The parameters such as time (dividing), speed uplink (m/min), downstream rate (m/min).
2, during every day to the measurement time started preset (or pressing start button), system starts Automatically measure, measure process as follows:
(1) master control system 8 first passes through wireless communication module and is built in measuring probe in 1 Deviational survey unit 12 carry out clock synchronization, it is ensured that measurement data time tag is consistent;
(2) forward measures process: first master control system 8 measures ginseng with deviational survey unit 12 exchange Number, determines the time point (this time point and the tested metering-orifice that start to measure of deviational survey unit 12 The factors such as the degree of depth, measuring probe 1 downstream rate are relevant, and deviational survey unit 12 really wakes up up and opens The start time beginning to measure should be the time after data have exchanged, and adds that measuring probe 1 is put Putting required measurement position needs time-consuming and measuring probe to arrive measuring probe 1 behind measurement position Reach required time consistent with gaging hole bottom temp), then master control system 8 starts lifting motor 73, measuring probe 1 will be placed along inclinometer pipe 6 by elevating mechanism 7 according to default downstream rate To predeterminated position.After the measurement once preset is arrived stabilization time, deviational survey unit 12 is called out automatically Wake up and start measure, meanwhile, elevating mechanism 7 under the commander of master control system 8, according to Measuring probe 1 is promoted and presses measurement dot spacing and exists by the speed uplink preset and measurement dot spacing In inclinometer pipe 6, relevant position stops the measurement time preset, until complete measurement a little, During this period, deviational survey unit 12 continual will be carried out according to the time cycle (1s) of regulation Measure, and total data is saved in internal memory.After forward measurement process completes, deviational survey unit 12 are again introduced into rest period;
(3) steering procedure: after forward is measured, measures under the drive of elevating mechanism 7 Probe will continue to lift up and leave inclinometer pipe 6 and enter in steering nozzle 2, and enhancing action is until measurement The uppermost stainless steel wheel 15 of bar touches the contact switch 23 being arranged on steering nozzle 2 and ties Bundle, now, under the commander of master control system 8, electric rotating machine 4 is by steering nozzle 2 and fixes Connection sleeve pipe 5 on inclinometer pipe 6 does coaxial rotating, after the anglec of rotation reaches 180 degree, Steering procedure stops;
(4) reversely measuring process: after steering procedure stops, master control system 8 is again started up rising Fall motor 73, completes to measure essentially identical measurement action with forward;
(5), after reversely measurement process completes, measuring probe 1 is promoted to initial position again, Now master control system 8 will carry out data exchange with deviational survey unit 12, in order to reduce data exchange Amount, master control system 8 is only extracted to be saved in the internal memory of deviational survey unit 12 and is being specified Spacing a little The data that moment measures, after data exchanging completed, whole automatic deviational survey process terminates, and deviational survey fills Putting entrance rest period, measuring probe 1 is in initial position, and inclination measurement device waits for next week Phase measures.
Through measuring and calculating, the technology of the present invention index is as follows:
1, resolution accuracy: 0.02mm/500mm
2, fathom scope: 1m-100m
3, temperature range :-20 ° to 50 °
4, classification of waterproof: IP65
Instrument performance:
1, measurement of dip angle resolution: 0.001 °
2, incline measurement precision: 0.01 ° (± 15 °), 0.02 ° (± 30 °)
3, measurement of dip angle scope: ± 15 ° or ± 30 ° optional
Mechanical rotation design, telecommunication technology and computer are deduced skill by the invention Art organically combines, it is proposed that the concept of a kind of brand-new intelligent inclination measurement device, by meticulously The high-acruracy survey probe of design and horizontal rotation apparatus cooperate, and achieve deviational survey cleverly Instrument automatically rotates and measures, and meets to align in specifications of surveys and surveys and the anti-requirement surveyed, it is only necessary to one Platform measure equipment can disposably complete automatically to measure multiple spot horizontal displacement in gaging hole size and Delta data, overall process, without manual intervention, has been truly realized full-automatic, has solved existing survey The defect that metering method exists, real realizes the accuracy measured, verity, real-time and just The requirement of profit;Deduce technology by wireless measurement method and computer, solve wireless telecommunications Cannot in aqueous deep hole remote data exchange a difficult problem.
Compared with general measuring method and existing deviational survey measurement apparatus, the present invention has intellectuality Degree is high, measuring speed fast, once can complete many cross section deformations measure, without manual intervention, The features such as easy for installation, labor intensity is low, automaticity is high, affordable, can meet and execute During work, Measure section is many, and the frequency is high, and the time is long, the requirement of measurement data real-time.
The present invention can store the section horizontal displacement data recording more than hundreds of groups automatically, also can lead to Cross communication interface and download to computer, use software analysis system to carry out envelope drafting, complete The time of deformation and trend analysis.

Claims (10)

1. a full Intelligent testing ramp, including measuring probe (1) and measuring probe (1) Connect elevating mechanism (7), it is characterised in that: also include rotating mechanism, connect sleeve pipe (5), Master control system (8), connect sleeve pipe (5) with inclinometer pipe (6) elevate above the soil part outer wall set Connecing, rotating mechanism includes the rotation that steering nozzle (2) and powered rotatable conduit (2) rotate Rotating motor (3), steering nozzle (2) inserts and deviational survey from the upper end open connecting sleeve pipe (5) Pipe (6) docking, measuring probe (1) is positioned at steering nozzle when initial position or rotary state (2) in, the upper end of measuring probe (1) is connected with elevating mechanism (7), measuring probe (1) Lifting moving can be carried out along steering nozzle (2), inclinometer pipe (6) under elevating mechanism effect, Start to survey when measuring probe (1) moves up along inclinometer pipe (6) bottom inclinometer pipe (6) During amount, described measuring probe (1) stores the time cycle gained measurement data according to regulation, Described master control system (8) then stores each hoisting depth and corresponding time, is measuring After completing, when measuring probe (1) is promoted to initial position, described master control system (8) with Measuring probe (1) carries out radio communication, extract storage in measuring probe (1) and each The measurement data of the measurement the most corresponding time needed.
2. the full Intelligent testing ramp described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: steering nozzle (2) inwall be provided with two to distribution parallel guide slots, the guide groove of steering nozzle (2) with Arbitrary docking that fits like a glove parallel guide slots in inclinometer pipe (6), measuring probe (1) can rise Under descending mechanism effect, guide groove, the guide groove of inclinometer pipe (6) along steering nozzle (2) rise Fall is mobile.
3. the full Intelligent testing ramp described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described measurement Probe (1) includes measuring bar (11), deviational survey unit (12), battery (13) and channel radio Letter module (14), it is interior that deviational survey unit (12), battery (13) are located at measurement bar (11), nothing Line communication module (14) is located at measurement bar (11) top, wireless communication module (14) and survey Oblique cell (12) connects, and is used for deviational survey unit (12) surveyed data with communication It is transferred to master control system (8).
4. the full Intelligent testing ramp described in claim 2, it is characterised in that: measure bar (11) It is respectively provided with the stainless steel wheel (15) with spring assembly, stainless steel wheel (15) up and down a pair It is placed in the guide groove of steering nozzle (2), under spring force, can be along steering nozzle (2) Guide groove, the guide groove of inclinometer pipe (6) slides up and down and also can not deviate from.
5. full Intelligent testing ramp as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: rotate and lead The contact switch (23) that the installed above and master control system (8) of the guide groove of pipe (2) is connected, In measuring probe (1) is promoted to steering nozzle (2), measuring probe (1) is uppermost Stainless steel wheel (15) touches this contact switch (23), contact switch (2) will put in place signal pass Being defeated by master control system (8), master control system (8) opens electric rotating machine after receiving this signal that puts in place (3) steering nozzle (2) is driven to carry out rotating or carrying out wireless number with measuring probe (1) According to transmission.
6. full Intelligent testing ramp as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: rotate and lead A permanent magnet (22) is fixed along two guide groove relative directions of inwall are each in the middle part of pipe (2) outer wall, Connect upper relative permanent magnet (22) height and position of sleeve pipe (5) be provided with one with master control system (8) The magnetic switch (53) connected, when steering nozzle (2) reaches 180 degree along the axle center anglec of rotation Time, magnetic switch (53) outputs signal to master control system (8)) control electric rotating machine (3) Stop motion.
7. full Intelligent testing ramp as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: adapter sleeve Pipe (5) top and steering nozzle (2) use insertion to be slidably connected, and steering nozzle (2) is outward Wall bottom has a circle groove (21), groove (21) be connected upper two springs of sleeve pipe (5) Positioner (51) cooperation can realize steering nozzle (2) both can connect sleeve pipe (5) transfer Move and be unlikely to again abjection.
8. full Intelligent testing ramp as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: rotate and lead The outer wall circumference of pipe (2), equipped with a swing pinion (4), is fixed on the rotation connected on sleeve pipe Driving gear on motor (3) output shaft is connected with swing pinion (4) engagement, electric rotating machine (3) steering nozzle (2) can be driven to rotate by swing pinion (4) during operating.
9. full Intelligent testing ramp as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described liter Descending mechanism (7) include lift steel wire (71), lifting fixed pulley (72), lifting motor (73), Counter wheel (75), take-up pulley (77), wherein take-up pulley (77) is fixed on lifting motor (73) Rotary shaft on, lifting steel wire (71) one end be connected with take-up pulley (77), the other end around Cross lifting fixed pulley (72) to be connected with measuring probe (1) afterwards, lifting fixed pulley (72) with Lifting steel wire (71) between take-up pulley (77) is provided with counter wheel (75), counter wheel (75) It is provided with the angular encoder (76) being connected with master control system (8).
10. the device utilized according to any one of claim 1-9 carries out the side of deviational survey Method, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
Step one, artificial input measurement on the touch screen of master control system (8) when measuring first Parameter, described measurement parameter include tested metering-orifice the degree of depth, measure dot spacing, the measurement time, Measure time started, the frequency of measurement, temperature stabilization times, speed uplink, downstream rate survey Before amount starts, measuring probe is positioned at initial position, is i.e. positioned at the middle part of steering nozzle, deviational survey list Unit (12) is in a dormant state;
Step 2, to the measurement time started preset time, system proceeds by automatically measurement, surveys Amount process is as follows:
Master control system (8) first passes through wireless communication module, and (1) is interior with being built in measuring probe Deviational survey unit (72) carry out clock synchronization, it is ensured that measurement data time tag is consistent;
Forward measures process: master control system (8) is first measured with deviational survey unit (12) exchange Parameter, determines the time point starting to measure of deviational survey unit (12), then master control system (8) Starting lifting motor (73), measurement will be visited by elevating mechanism (7) according to default downstream rate Head (1) is placed to predeterminated position along inclinometer pipe (6), treats temperature at the bottom of probe temperature and measured hole After basically identical, elevating mechanism (7) is under the commander of master control system (8), according to default Measuring probe (1) is promoted and presses measurement dot spacing at deviational survey by speed uplink and measurement dot spacing Pipe (6) interior relevant position stops the measurement time preset, until complete measurement a little, During this period, deviational survey unit (12) continual will measure according to the time cycle of regulation, And total data is saved in internal memory, after forward measurement process completes, deviational survey unit (12) It is again introduced into rest period;
Steering procedure: after forward is measured, measures spy under the drive of elevating mechanism (7) Head will continue to lift up and leave inclinometer pipe (6) to enter steering nozzle (2) interior, enhancing action until Measure the uppermost stainless steel wheel of bar (15) to touch to touching of being arranged on steering nozzle (2) Point switch (23) terminates, now, under the commander of master control system (8), and electric rotating machine (4) Steering nozzle (2) is done coaxial rotation with the connection sleeve pipe (5) being fixed on inclinometer pipe (6) Turning, when the anglec of rotation reaches 180 degree, i.e. master control system receives from magnetic switch (53) Output signal after, steering procedure stop;
Reversely measuring process: after steering procedure stops, master control system (8) is again started up lifting Motor (73), completes to measure essentially identical measurement action with forward;
After reversely measurement process completes, measuring probe (1) is promoted to initial position again, Now master control system (8) starts extraction and is saved in deviational survey unit (12) memorizer and appointment Measure the measurement data that high temporal is corresponding, after data exchanging completed, whole automatic deviational survey mistake Journey terminates, and inclination measurement device enters rest period, and measuring probe (1) is in initial position, deviational survey Device waits for next period measurement.
CN201610495097.7A 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 Fully-intelligent inclination measuring device and inclination measuring method Pending CN105937898A (en)

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CN106545334A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-29 中国电力科学研究院 The automatic inclination measurement device of porous
CN106843014A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-13 上海米度测控科技有限公司 For the inclination measurement system with data acquisition Yu control function of deep layer deviational survey
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CN107036585A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-08-11 合肥工业大学 A kind of cable-free type inclinometer of automatic lifting and automatic measurement
CN107604778A (en) * 2017-09-12 2018-01-19 北京启联恒通轨道交通科技有限公司 A kind of inclinometer
CN108088416A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-05-29 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of cold area's side slope place inclination monitoring system
CN108469247A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-31 湖南科技大学 A kind of karst area overlength anchor cable hole quality detection device and detection method
CN108507526A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-09-07 西南交通大学 A kind of foundation pit deformation measuring device and its measurement method
CN109296012A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-02-01 东南大学 NB-IoT wireless sensor, the method and system of diaphram wall earth horizontal displacement long term monitoring
CN109540085A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-03-29 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 A kind of integrated full-automatic inclinometer
CN111110167A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-05-08 三门未明鞋业科技有限公司 Device for cleaning shoes
CN111637868A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-08 无锡新蓝图测绘技术有限公司 Inclinometer with high measurement precision and use method thereof

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CN106482707B (en) * 2016-10-21 2019-08-30 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Self-propelled tracking inclination measurement device and method
CN106482707A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-03-08 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Self-propelled tracking inclination measurement device and method
CN106545334A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-03-29 中国电力科学研究院 The automatic inclination measurement device of porous
CN106885558A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-23 上海米度测控科技有限公司 A kind of data acquisition and transmitting device for deep layer deviational survey
CN106843014A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-13 上海米度测控科技有限公司 For the inclination measurement system with data acquisition Yu control function of deep layer deviational survey
CN107036585A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-08-11 合肥工业大学 A kind of cable-free type inclinometer of automatic lifting and automatic measurement
CN107604778A (en) * 2017-09-12 2018-01-19 北京启联恒通轨道交通科技有限公司 A kind of inclinometer
CN108088416A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-05-29 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of cold area's side slope place inclination monitoring system
CN108469247A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-31 湖南科技大学 A kind of karst area overlength anchor cable hole quality detection device and detection method
CN108507526B (en) * 2018-04-10 2020-07-17 西南交通大学 Foundation pit deformation measuring device and measuring method thereof
CN108507526A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-09-07 西南交通大学 A kind of foundation pit deformation measuring device and its measurement method
CN109296012A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-02-01 东南大学 NB-IoT wireless sensor, the method and system of diaphram wall earth horizontal displacement long term monitoring
CN109540085A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-03-29 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 A kind of integrated full-automatic inclinometer
CN109540085B (en) * 2018-11-13 2021-02-05 国电南瑞科技股份有限公司 Integrated full-automatic inclinometer
CN111110167A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-05-08 三门未明鞋业科技有限公司 Device for cleaning shoes
CN111637868A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-08 无锡新蓝图测绘技术有限公司 Inclinometer with high measurement precision and use method thereof

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