CN105937769A - Ejection type combustion device and protective covers thereof - Google Patents

Ejection type combustion device and protective covers thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105937769A
CN105937769A CN201610542847.1A CN201610542847A CN105937769A CN 105937769 A CN105937769 A CN 105937769A CN 201610542847 A CN201610542847 A CN 201610542847A CN 105937769 A CN105937769 A CN 105937769A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
protective cover
injection type
layer
perforation
burner
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610542847.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑秋桐
刘稼瑾
张诗明
胡秀文
Original Assignee
深圳智慧能源技术有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 filed Critical 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司
Priority to CN201610542847.1A priority Critical patent/CN105937769A/en
Publication of CN105937769A publication Critical patent/CN105937769A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/46Details, e.g. noise reduction means
    • F23D14/465Details, e.g. noise reduction means for torches
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/06Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases
    • F23G7/08Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases using flares, e.g. in stacks
    • F23G7/085Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases using flares, e.g. in stacks in stacks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2209/00Specific waste
    • F23G2209/14Gaseous waste or fumes

Abstract

The invention provides an ejection type combustion device. The ejection type combustion device comprises a plurality of Venturi combustors and multiple layers of protective covers which are arranged around the Venturi combustors in the axial direction of the ejection type combustion device; each layer of the protective cover is circumferentially closed to form a flame cavity with an upper-end opening and a lower-end opening, the radial size of the previous-layer protective cover is larger than that of the next-layer protective cover in the every two axially-adjacent layers of protective covers, at least one layer of the protective cover is provided with ejection holes which penetrate through the wall faces of the bottom ends of the protective covers, and then the purpose of increasing the air ejection capacity is achieved. According to the ejection type combustion device, the design concept is ingenious, the structure is simple and easy to achieve, the cost is low, and the problems that an ejection type combustion device is insufficient in ejection capacity and combustion, poor in emission and the like can be effectively solved.

Description

Injection type burner and protective cover thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of injection type burner, particularly relate to a kind of injection type burning dress The protective roof structure put.

Background technology

In petrochemical equipment, prevention and control flare system can in time in process for producing device discharge unnecessary, Harmful, unbalanced waste gas, and the defective gas produced when can process test run, start-stop car, And a large amount of gases of instantaneous releasing during accident, it is ensured that device is normal, safe operation.

Venting and Flare Stack System typically uses injection type burner, if it includes that dried layer venturi fires Combustion gas is burnt by burner.If dried layer protective cover ring be located at around these venturi burners with Form flame chamber, block heat radiation.Meanwhile, the bottom of these protective covers injection to be formed district In the way of injection, suck air participate in burning.If injection volume is inadequate, then burn insufficient, Discharge poor.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the present invention proposes the protective cover of a kind of injection type burner, and it can increase Air injection volume.

The present invention also proposes a kind of injection type burner applying above-mentioned protective cover, and it can increase Air injection volume.

A kind of injection type burner, including some venturi burners and around described some Venturi burner and along the axial arranged multilayer proofing cover of described injection type burner, each Layer protective cover is closed to form the flame chamber with upper end open and lower ending opening in the circumferential, In described adjacent two-layer protective cover, the radial dimension of last layer protective cover is more than next Layer protective cover radial dimension thus between described adjacent two-layer protective cover formed with affiliated The injection district of flame chamber fluid communication, at least one of which protective cover is provided with perforation, described perforation Wall through the bottom of described at least one of which protective cover.

In one embodiment, described perforation is along the circumference of the bottom of described at least one of which protective cover It is spaced.

In one embodiment, described at least one of which protective cover is the bottom of described multilayer proofing cover Protective cover.

In one embodiment, described at least one of which protective cover includes that multilamellar is fired near described injection type Burn the protective cover of bottom of device.

In one embodiment, described some venturi burners include the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of multi-turn Venturi burner, the venturi burner of the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of described multi-turn is arranged on described many The periphery of layer protective cover bottom described injection type burner.

The present invention also proposes the protective cover of a kind of injection type burner, and described protective cover is in circumference Upper closing has the flame chamber of upper end open and lower ending opening to be formed, described lower ending opening in order to Allowing air enter described flame chamber, described protective cover is provided with perforation, and described perforation passes institute State the wall of protective cover and be configured in the way of injection suck air to described flame chamber.

In one embodiment, described perforation is opened on the wall of described lower ending opening.

In one embodiment, described perforation is square opening.

In one embodiment, described perforation percent opening in the circumference of described protective cover is more than 50%.

In sum, the invention provides the protective cover of a kind of injection type burner, protective cover On perforation is set, perforation is through the described protective cover wall near lower end and is configured to draw The mode penetrated sucks air to the flame chamber of injection type burner, to increase injection type burning dress The air injection volume put.The present invention also provides for a kind of injection type burner, and this injection type burns Device includes multilayer proofing cover, increases draw by arranging perforation at least one of which protective cover Penetrate the air injection volume of formula burner.Design concept of the present invention is ingenious, and simple in construction easily realizes, And with low cost, can effectively solve injection type burner injection volume not enough, burn insufficient, The problems such as discharge difference.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of injection type burner.

Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of skid housing and protective cover.

Fig. 3 is the longitudinal sectional view of protective cover and the burner removing skid housing.

Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view of protective cover.

Detailed description of the invention

Before describing the embodiments in more detail, it should be understood that the invention is not restricted in the application Detailed construction hereafter or described in accompanying drawing or arrangement of elements.The present invention can be that alternate manner is real Existing embodiment.Furthermore, it is to be understood that wording used herein and term are solely for retouching State purposes, should being construed as limiting property not explain." including " used herein, " comprising ", " tool Have " etc. similar wording mean and comprise items listed thereafter, its equivalent and other additional thing ?.Particularly, when describing " certain element ", the present invention does not limit the number of this element Amount is one, it is also possible to include multiple.

The present invention provides a kind of injection type burner, and this injection type burner includes along vertically The multilayer proofing cover of direction layout and multilamellar venturi burner, every layer of protective cover seals in the circumferential Close to form the flame chamber with upper and lower two openings, the two-layer protection that in the vertical direction is adjacent In cover, the radial width of last layer protective cover is more than the radial width of next layer so that adjacent The injection district of one and flame chamber fluid communication is formed between two-layer protective cover.Multilamellar venturi burns Device includes at least one upper strata venturi burner and the bottom literary composition being arranged in orlop protective cover Burner in mound, described at least one upper strata venturi burner is arranged at the outer peripheral face of protective cover also Along its circumferentially-spaced distribution, the top of each upper strata venturi burner stretch into described injection district with The last layer that the flame making venturi burner be formed is close to the most in the horizontal direction is prevented Guard shield covers, and described bottom venturi burner is arranged in orlop protective cover.

In embodiment as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, described injection type burner includes injection Formula burner 10 and skid housing 12.Injection type burner 10 includes some venturi Burner 14 and around some venturi burners 14 and along injection type burner 10 axle To the multilayer proofing cover 16 arranged.Skid housing 12 is fixing with multilayer proofing cover 16 to be connected.

Skid housing 12 includes some housing bars 18 and is vertically connected at any two adjacent housing bars Some cross bars 19 between 18.In an illustrated embodiment, skid housing 12 includes outside four Frame bar 18, four housing bars 18 are axially in parallel with injection type burner 10, vertically connect Four cross bars 19 being connected between any two adjacent housing bars 18 form a square, and multilamellar is prevented Guard shield 16 is contained between four housing bars 18.

In an illustrated embodiment, multilayer proofing cover 16 includes four layers of protective cover, respectively One layer of protective cover 20 (bottom protective cover), second layer protective cover 22, third layer protective cover 24 and the 4th layer of protective cover 26, each layer of protective cover is closed in the circumferential to be had up and down to be formed The flame chamber 28 of two openings.In the two-layer protective cover that in the vertical direction is adjacent, last layer The radial width of protective cover is more than the radial width of next layer so that adjacent two layers protective cover it Between formed one with the injection district of flame chamber 28 fluid communication.Such as, for ground floor protective cover 20 and second layer protective cover 22, the radial width of second layer protective cover 22 is protected more than ground floor The radial width of cover 20, formation one and described flame chamber 28 fluid communication between two-layer protective cover Injection district 30.In other embodiments, at least one can also be arranged outside the 4th layer of protective cover 26 Layer protective cover.

In the embodiment shown, the cross section of every layer of protective cover is circular, the most above-mentioned " radially Width " it is actually the diameter of protective cover.If protective cover is other shapes, such as rectangle, The most above-mentioned " radial width " is and the size on the axially vertical direction of burner.In like manner, The term " circumferential " that will be used below also is not meant to that protective cover is circular, and its expression is enclosed Around the direction of protective cover, regardless of whether what shape the cross section of protective cover is, as escribed above circular or Rectangle.

Housing bar 18 is four in an illustrated embodiment, in other unillustrated embodiments, Housing bar 18 can also be more than four.

Described some venturi burners 14 include the venturi burning of the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of multi-turn Device, the venturi burner of the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of described multi-turn is arranged on multilamellar and fires near injection type The periphery of the protective cover 16 bottom burning device 10.

Specifically, in an illustrated embodiment, some venturi burners 14 include four layers Venturi burner, respectively ground floor venturi burner 32 (bottom venturi burner), Second layer venturi burner 34, third layer venturi burner 36 and the 4th layer of venturi combustion Burner 38.Wherein, ground floor venturi burner 32 is arranged at ground floor protective cover 20 Inside, second layer venturi burner 34 is arranged at outer peripheral face the edge of ground floor protective cover 20 Its circumferentially-spaced distribution, third layer venturi burner 36 is arranged at second layer protective cover 22 Outer peripheral face along its circumferentially-spaced distribution, the 4th layer of venturi burner 38 is arranged at third layer The outer peripheral face of protective cover 24 along its circumferentially-spaced distribution, and second and third, four layers of venturi The top of burner is respectively protruding into the injection district of correspondence so that second and third, the combustion of four layers of venturi The last layer protective cover that the flame that burner is formed is close to the most in the horizontal direction covers.At it In his embodiment, can arrange on more or less continuous multilayer on the lower or one layer of protective cover Venturi burner.

In described multilayer proofing cover 16, at least one of which protective cover is provided with for increasing injection type The perforation 40 of burner 10 air injection volume, perforation 40 be arranged through described in extremely The wall of the bottom of few one layer of protective cover, perforation 40 is along the end of described at least one of which protective cover The circumferentially-spaced arrangement of end.

In the present embodiment, described at least one of which protective cover is the bottom in multilayer proofing cover 16 Protective cover 20, i.e. ground floor protective cover 20.Carry out as a example by bottom protective cover 20 below in detail Describe in detail bright.

Refer to Fig. 4, bottom protective cover 20 is closed in the circumferential to be had upper end open to be formed Mouth 42 and the flame chamber 28 of lower ending opening 44, lower ending opening 44 enters flame in order to allow air Chamber 28 participates in burning, and bottom protective cover 20 is provided with some perforations 40, perforation 40 Through the wall of bottom protective cover 20 and be configured in the way of injection suck air to flame Chamber 28.In an illustrated embodiment, perforation 40 is square opening, is opened in and opens near lower end On the wall of mouth 44, and perforation 40 is along the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of bottom protective cover 20.

Injection type burner 10 also includes igniter (not shown), and protective cover is close The position of upper end open is provided with two openings substantially symmetrical about its central axis about injection type burner 10, Described igniter thinks the venturi burner ignition arranged in the inner in stretching into described opening. In an illustrated embodiment, described at least one of which protective cover on the lower includes bottom protective cover 20, bottom protective cover 20 is provided with near the position of upper end open 42 about injection type burning dress Put 10 two openings 46 substantially symmetrical about its central axis.In other embodiments, described at least one of which is leaned on Under protective cover can also include the multilayer proofing cover bottom the injection type burner 10, Such as ground floor protective cover 20, second layer protective cover 22 and third layer protective cover 24.

Owing to being provided with a lot of fuel conduit and control equipment below bottom protective cover, may send out The situation of the air injection volume deficiency of the most the lower layer of raw venturi burner.In above-described embodiment, Perforation 40 it is being provided with on the wall of lower ending opening 44, increase air injection volume, permissible Significantly improve the problem that air injection volume is not enough.But above-mentioned introduction is only the present invention one preferably to be implemented Example, in other embodiments, perforation 40 can also be opened in protective cover according to design requirement Other positions, as long as the air injection volume of injection type burner 10 can be increased.

Although it should also be understood that in an illustrated embodiment, perforation 40 side of being designed as Shape hole, and along the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of bottom protective cover 20, but in other embodiments, According to design needs, perforation 40 can also be designed to other shapes, the most circular or oval Shape, and otherwise arrange, such as arrange with corrugated.

In an illustrated embodiment, perforation 40 opening in the circumference of bottom protective cover 20 Porosity is more than 50%, and in this application, term " percent opening in circumference " refers to draw being provided with In this circumferential belt-like zone of perforation 40, perforate accounts for the percentage ratio of whole banding area, The percent opening of the present embodiment is more than 50%, in other embodiments, it is also possible to be other ratios Percent opening.

Above-mentioned be multilayer proofing cover 16 with described at least one of which protective cover bottom protective cover Illustrate as a example by 20, in other embodiments, according to the tool of injection type burner 10 Body injection volume situation, described at least one of which protective cover can also be to include that multilamellar is fired near injection type Burn the protective cover bottom device 10, such as, include ground floor protective cover 20 and second layer protective cover 22, i.e. perforation is offered in the wall lower end at ground floor protective cover 20 and second layer protective cover 22 40, increase air injection volume further, to meet the work requirements of injection type burner 10, This is not limited by the present invention.

In sum, the invention provides the protective cover of a kind of injection type burner, protective cover On perforation is set, perforation is through the described protective cover wall near lower end and is configured to draw The mode penetrated sucks air to the flame chamber of injection type burner, to increase injection type burning dress The air injection volume put.The present invention also provides for a kind of injection type burner, and this injection type burns Device includes multilayer proofing cover, increases draw by arranging perforation at least one of which protective cover Penetrate the air injection volume of formula burner.Design concept of the present invention is ingenious, and simple in construction easily realizes, And with low cost, can effectively solve injection type burner injection volume not enough, burn insufficient, The problems such as discharge difference.

Concepts described herein may be embodied in the case of without departing from its spirit and characteristic Other form.Disclosed specific embodiment should be considered exemplary rather than restrictive.Cause This, the scope of the present invention is by appended claim rather than according to these descriptions before It is determined.Any change in the letter and equivalency range of claim all should belong to The scope of these claim.

Claims (10)

1. an injection type burner, including some venturi burners and around described Some venturi burners and along the axial arranged multilayer proofing cover of described injection type burner, Each layer of protective cover is closed to form the flame with upper end open and lower ending opening in the circumferential Chamber, described axially in adjacent two-layer protective cover, the radial dimension of last layer protective cover is big In next layer of protective cover radial dimension thus between described adjacent two-layer protective cover formed Injection district with affiliated flame chamber fluid communication, it is characterised in that at least one of which protective cover is provided with Perforation, described perforation is through the wall of the bottom of described at least one of which protective cover.
2. injection type burner as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described in draw Perforation is along the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of the bottom of described at least one of which protective cover.
3. injection type burner as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described extremely Few one layer of protective cover is the bottom protective cover of described multilayer proofing cover.
4. injection type burner as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described extremely Few one layer of protective cover includes multilamellar protective cover bottom described injection type burner.
5. injection type burner as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that if described Dry venturi burner includes the venturi burner of the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of multi-turn, described multi-turn week It is arranged on described multilamellar close described injection type burning dress to spaced venturi burner The periphery of the protective cover in bottom set portion.
6. a protective cover for injection type burner, described protective cover close in the circumferential with Forming the flame chamber with upper end open and lower ending opening, described lower ending opening enters in order to allow air Entering described flame chamber, it is characterised in that described protective cover is provided with perforation, described perforation is worn Cross the wall of described protective cover and be configured in the way of injection suck air to described flame chamber.
7. the protective cover of injection type burner as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that Described perforation is opened on the wall of described lower ending opening.
8. the protective cover of injection type burner as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that Described perforation is along the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of described protective cover.
9. the protective cover of the injection type burner as described in claim 6-8 any one, its Being characterised by, described perforation is square opening.
10. the protective cover of injection type burner as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that Described perforation percent opening in the circumference of described protective cover is more than 50%.
CN201610542847.1A 2016-07-09 2016-07-09 Ejection type combustion device and protective covers thereof CN105937769A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610542847.1A CN105937769A (en) 2016-07-09 2016-07-09 Ejection type combustion device and protective covers thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610542847.1A CN105937769A (en) 2016-07-09 2016-07-09 Ejection type combustion device and protective covers thereof

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018010052A1 (en) * 2016-07-09 2018-01-18 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Injection combustion device and protection cover thereof
WO2020019099A1 (en) * 2018-07-21 2020-01-30 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Ejection-type combustion device, burner assembly and protective cover thereof, and assembly method therefor

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100269509A1 (en) * 2007-01-23 2010-10-28 Siemens Power Generation, Inc. Anti-flashback features in gas turbine engine combustors
CN104421941A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Fuel gas nozzle for gas stove and gas stove with fuel gas nozzle
CN204554793U (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-08-12 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Thermal-radiating injection type burner can be reduced
CN105042591A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 北京市公用事业科学研究所 Low NOx gas burner and fuel gas configuration method thereof
CN205137462U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-04-06 西安航天源动力工程有限公司 A many fuel combustor for wind channel heating
CN205782994U (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-12-07 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Injection type burner and protective cover thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100269509A1 (en) * 2007-01-23 2010-10-28 Siemens Power Generation, Inc. Anti-flashback features in gas turbine engine combustors
CN104421941A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Fuel gas nozzle for gas stove and gas stove with fuel gas nozzle
CN204554793U (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-08-12 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Thermal-radiating injection type burner can be reduced
CN105042591A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 北京市公用事业科学研究所 Low NOx gas burner and fuel gas configuration method thereof
CN205137462U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-04-06 西安航天源动力工程有限公司 A many fuel combustor for wind channel heating
CN205782994U (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-12-07 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Injection type burner and protective cover thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018010052A1 (en) * 2016-07-09 2018-01-18 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Injection combustion device and protection cover thereof
WO2020019099A1 (en) * 2018-07-21 2020-01-30 深圳智慧能源技术有限公司 Ejection-type combustion device, burner assembly and protective cover thereof, and assembly method therefor

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Application publication date: 20160914

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