CN105936601A - Cottonseed hull base oyster mushroom culture medium and preparing method thereof - Google Patents

Cottonseed hull base oyster mushroom culture medium and preparing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105936601A
CN105936601A CN201610555192.1A CN201610555192A CN105936601A CN 105936601 A CN105936601 A CN 105936601A CN 201610555192 A CN201610555192 A CN 201610555192A CN 105936601 A CN105936601 A CN 105936601A
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China
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parts
cotton seed
fermentation
seed hulls
bagasse
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CN201610555192.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孟德旺
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山东巧妻食品科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610555192.1A priority Critical patent/CN105936601A/en
Publication of CN105936601A publication Critical patent/CN105936601A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates

Abstract

The invention discloses a cottonseed hull base oyster mushroom culture medium and a preparing method thereof and belongs to the technical field of fungus culture. The culture medium is prepared from, by weight, 30-35 parts of cottonseed hull, 25-30 parts of bagasse, 15-20 parts of peanut hull, 5-10 parts of oat hull, 5-10 parts of rhizoma dioscoreae peel, 4-6 parts of plant ash, 3-5 parts of seaweed fermentation liquor, 3-5 parts of bean curd yellow water, 0.3-0.5 part of urea, 1-2 parts of superphosphate and 0.3-0.5 part of land plaster. The raw materials are cooked, dried in the sun, stirred, fermented, sterilized and bagged to obtain the culture medium. The carbon-nitrogen ratio is reasonable, nutrients are rich, nutrient supplement is sufficient, the culture medium does not cake, air permeability and water permeability are high, the yield of oyster mushroom can be increased remarkably, and market prospects are quite broad.

Description

A kind of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom cultivation technical field, relate to a kind of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Pleurotus ostreatus is because of its delicious flavour, nutritious and extensively liked by consumer, and it can only absorb nutrient substance from planting material, its Nutrition needed for growth promoter includes carbohydrate and nitrogen-containing compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and vitamin etc..Pleurotus ostreatus Cultivation period and output and quality are closely related with the physical state of cultivation compost, and even determiner directly affects mycelia pair The degree of decomposition of cultivation mechanism and the accumulation of mycelia nutrition, thus have influence on yield and quality.Generally, along with oyster mushroom culture medium Exhausting of nutrient substance, the porosity of compost also diminishes, breathability is significantly deteriorated, and the yield of every tide Pleurotus ostreatus is gradually lowered, and one As after having gathered in the crops 3-4 tide, yield significantly reduces, and the income brought to peasant household is limited.
Sargassum is the original Producer of marine organisms, have powerful absorbability, can concentrate be equivalent to self 440,000 times Ocean material, the extremely abundant equilibrium of nutrition.Marine alga fertilizer is using sea-plant Sargassum as primary raw material, is processed into through science Bio-feritlizer, main component be extract from Sargassum be conducive to the natural bioactivity substance of growth and development of plants and Sargassum from Ocean absorbs and is enriched in internal mineral nutrient element, including Sargassum polysaccharides, phenols poly-compounds, mannitol, Radix Betae Alkali, plant growth regulating substance (basic element of cell division, gibberellins, auxin and abscisic acid etc.) and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and ferrum, The trace element such as boron, molybdenum, iodine, can significantly improve the yield of crop.
Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae is the pod shell of peanut, and its main component is crude fibre, and content is 65.7%-79.3%, other nutrition Composition is the abundantest, such as crude protein 4.8%-7.2%, crude fat 1.2%-1.8%, soluble-carbohydrate 10.6% -21.2% (including monosaccharide and disaccharide and oligosaccharide), starch 0.7%, disaccharidase 1.7%-2.5%, reducing sugar 0.3%-1.8%, Pentose 16.1%-17.8%, mineral has calcium 0.20%, phosphorus 0.06%, magnesium 0.07%, potassium 0.57%, nitrogen 1.09%, Ferrum 262mg/kg, manganese 45mg/kg, zinc 13mg/kg, copper 10mg/kg, boron 13mg/kg, aluminum 454mg/kg, strontium 262mg/kg, Barium 16mg/kg, sodium 66mg/kg, additionally, possibly together with some medicinal ingredients in Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, such as luteolin, carotene, soap Grass glycosides, xylose etc..The side-product cotton seed hulls annual production of Cotton in China reaches 41.2 hundred million kilograms, and wherein the cotton seed hulls of 90% can not get filling Divide and utilize and waste, containing crude protein 4.0% crude fat 1.4% crude fibre 44.9% calcium 0.13% phosphorus 0.06% in cotton seed hulls.These Material all contains the nutrient substance needed for mushroom growth.
Summary of the invention
For solving the defect that prior art exists, it is desirable to provide a kind of low cost, it is possible to significantly improve yield, it is achieved carry Cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material of high peasant household extra earning and preparation method thereof.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme is that
A kind of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material, including the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 30-35 part, bagasse 25-30 part, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15-20 part, oat shell 5-10 part, yam skin 5-10 part, plant ash 4-6 part, fermentation of seaweed liquid 3-5 part, bean curd Yellow fluid 3-5 part, carbamide 0.3-0.5 part, calcium superphosphate 1-2 part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.3-0.5 part.
The present invention also has a following additional technical feature:
Preferably, including the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 33 parts, bagasse 28 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 18 parts, oat shell 7 Part, yam skin 8 parts, plant ash 5 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 4 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 4 parts, 0.4 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 1.5 Part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.4 part.
Preferably, including the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 30 parts, bagasse 30 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15 parts, oat shell 10 parts, yam skin 5 parts, plant ash 6 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 3 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 5 parts, 0.5 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 1 part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.3 part.
Preferably, including the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 35 parts, bagasse 25 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 20 parts, oat shell 5 Part, yam skin 10 parts, plant ash 4 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 5 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 3 parts, 0.3 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 2 Part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.5 part.
Preferably, described fermentation of seaweed liquid for by utilizing compound bacteria to obtain 25-30 DEG C of fermentation by Sargassum, and described compound bacteria is Candida tropicalis, its numbered CICC-32594, ocean yellow slip bacterium, its numbered CICC-10658, and microvesicle bacterium Belonging to, its numbered CICC-23821, described Sargassum is 100:(0.3-0.5 with the mass ratio of compound bacteria), the false silk ferment in the described torrid zone The mass ratio of female fermentation, ocean yellow slip bacterium and microvesicle Pseudomonas is 1:2:1.5, and described fermentation time is 56-90 hour.
Preferably, described Sargassum is Thallus Laminariae (Thallus Eckloniae) or Thallus Laminariae or a combination thereof.
Preferably, described Sargassum is that Thallus Laminariae (Thallus Eckloniae) mixes according to mass parts 1:1 with Thallus Laminariae.
The present invention also provides for the preparation method of above-mentioned cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material, comprises the following steps:
Step one, by cotton seed hulls, bagasse, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, oat shell, yam skin in temperature be 100 DEG C of steaming and decoctings 1 hour, shine Dry, pulverize 200 mesh sieves after mixing with plant ash and obtain mixed powder, moistening mixed powder after Gypsum Fibrosum powder is dissolved in water, add Bean curd yellow fluid, fermentation of seaweed liquid, carbamide and calcium superphosphate pile a diameter of 1-2 rice, the circular cone of a height of 0.4-1 rice after stirring Shape, cone leaves passage, covers straw screen or mat after fermentation 6-10 days;
Step 2, gains in step one are packed, after high pressure steam sterilization, to obtain final product.
In Pleurotus ostreatus incubation, other condition of culture is homogeneous while, it is more sensitive that compost is also showed by Pleurotus ostreatus, generally, The formula of compost have upper and lower 2% floating weight part can appreciable impact Pleurotus ostreatus part yield, therefore, rational formula to Pleurotus ostreatus produce The raising of amount is important.
The invention have the benefit that cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material carbon-nitrogen ratio of the present invention is reasonable, nutrient is sufficient, nutrition supply Fully, culture medium is non-caked, breathability, good water permeability, it is possible to significantly improve Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus, more existing culture medium culturing Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus improves 1.5 times, stable yield, and edible safety is high, it is possible to achieve the quick extra earning of peasant household;The raw material of the present invention is cotton Seed shell wide material sources, low price, take full advantage of the resource of nature, market prospect is the most wide.
The additional aspect of the present invention and advantage will part be given in the following description, and part will become apparent from the description below, Or recognized by the practice of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with instantiation, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
Prepare fermentation of seaweed liquid:
Adding 10kg water, 3kg glucose after 5kg Thallus Laminariae (Thallus Eckloniae) and 5kg Thallus Laminariae being pulverized, after adding activation, the mass ratio of 40g is Candida tropicalis fermentation, ocean yellow slip bacterium and the microvesicle Pseudomonas compound bacteria of 1:2:1.5, aerobic fermentation under the conditions of being placed in 28 DEG C, The wherein numbered CICC-32594 of candida tropicalis, the ocean yellow numbered CICC-10658 of slip bacterium, microvesicle Pseudomonas is numbered For CICC-23821, ferment 70 hours, to obtain final product;
Prepare following raw material: cotton seed hulls 33 parts, bagasse 28 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 18 parts, oat shell 7 parts, yam skin 8 parts, Plant ash 5 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 4 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 4 parts, 0.4 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 1.5 parts, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.4 part.
The preparation method of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material, comprises the following steps:
Step one, by cotton seed hulls, bagasse, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, oat shell, yam skin in temperature be 100 DEG C of steaming and decoctings 1 hour, shine Dry, pulverize 200 mesh sieves after mixing with plant ash and obtain mixed powder, moistening mixed powder after Gypsum Fibrosum powder is dissolved in water, add Bean curd yellow fluid, fermentation of seaweed liquid, carbamide and calcium superphosphate pile a diameter of 1.5 meters after stirring, the cone of a height of 0.8 meter, Being inserted with passage on cone with pipe, cone leaves passage, covers straw screen or mat after fermentation 8 days;
Step 2, by step one gains packing load 33.2cm*17cm bag in, be 65-70% by water management water content, The pH of assessment compost prepared by this method is 6.5-7, uses high steam 200 DEG C sterilizing half an hour, and SK WT is 2kg ± 0.1kg, to obtain final product.
Embodiment 2
Prepare fermentation of seaweed liquid:
Add 10kg water, 3kg glucose after being pulverized by 10kg Thallus Laminariae (Thallus Eckloniae), add the heat that mass ratio is 1:2:1.5 of 50g after activating The fermentation of band candida mycoderma, ocean yellow slip bacterium and microvesicle Pseudomonas compound bacteria, be placed in 25 DEG C of aerobic fermentation, the wherein false silk ferment in the torrid zone Female numbered CICC-32594, ocean the yellow numbered CICC-10658 of slip bacterium, the numbered CICC-23821 of microvesicle Pseudomonas, Ferment 90 hours, to obtain final product;
Prepare following raw material: cotton seed hulls 30 parts, bagasse 30 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15 parts, oat shell 10 parts, yam skin 5 parts, Plant ash 6 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 3 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 5 parts, 0.5 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 1 part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.3 part;
The preparation method of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material, comprises the following steps:
Step one, by cotton seed hulls, bagasse, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, oat shell, yam skin in temperature be 100 DEG C of steaming and decoctings 1 hour, shine Dry, pulverize 200 mesh sieves after mixing with plant ash and obtain mixed powder, moistening mixed powder after Gypsum Fibrosum powder is dissolved in water, add Bean curd yellow fluid, fermentation of seaweed liquid, carbamide and calcium superphosphate pile a diameter of 1 meter after stirring, the cone of a height of 0.5 meter, Cone leaves passage, covers straw screen or mat after fermentation 8 days;
Step 2, by step one gains packing load 33.2cm*17cm bag in, be 65-70% by water management water content, Obtaining, the pH of assessment compost prepared by this method is 6.5-7, and SK WT is 2kg ± 0.1kg.
Embodiment 3
Prepare fermentation of seaweed liquid:
Adding 10kg water, 3kg glucose after being pulverized by 10kg Thallus Laminariae, adding the mass ratio of 30g after activating is 1:2:1.5's Candida tropicalis fermentation, ocean yellow slip bacterium and microvesicle Pseudomonas compound bacteria, be placed in 30 DEG C of aerobic fermentation, the wherein false silk in the torrid zone The numbered CICC-32594 of yeast, ocean the yellow numbered CICC-10658 of slip bacterium, the numbered CICC-23821 of microvesicle Pseudomonas, Ferment 56 hours, to obtain final product;
Prepare following raw material: cotton seed hulls 35 parts, bagasse 25 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 20 parts, oat shell 5 parts, yam skin 10 parts, Plant ash 4 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 5 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 3 parts, 0.3 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 2 parts, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.5 part;
The preparation method of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material, comprises the following steps:
Step one, by cotton seed hulls, bagasse, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, oat shell, yam skin in temperature be 100 DEG C of steaming and decoctings 1 hour, shine Dry, pulverize 200 mesh sieves after mixing with plant ash and obtain mixed powder, moistening mixed powder after Gypsum Fibrosum powder is dissolved in water, add Bean curd yellow fluid, fermentation of seaweed liquid, carbamide and calcium superphosphate pile a diameter of 2 meters after stirring, the cone of a height of 1 meter, Cone leaves passage, covers straw screen or mat after fermentation 8 days;
Step 2, by step one gains packing load 33.2cm*17cm bag in, be 65-70% by water management water content, Obtaining, the pH of assessment compost prepared by this method is 6.8-7.5, and SK WT is 2kg ± 0.1kg.
Comparative example 1
Removing fermentation of seaweed liquid in raw material, other is all identical with embodiment 1, prepares a kind of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material.
Comparative example 2
Removing bean curd yellow fluid in raw material, other is all identical with embodiment 1, prepares a kind of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material.
Comparative example 3
Removing yam skin in raw material, other is all identical with embodiment 1, prepares a kind of cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material.
Comparative example 4
Mushroom cultivation material is configured that cotton seed hulls 250kg, calcium superphosphate 5kg, carbamide 1kg, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 3.5kg, edible fungi three Dimension nutrition spermin 120g, adds pulverized limestone 5kg during sowing.
Effect test
Mushroom cultivation material embodiment 1-3 and comparative example 1-4 prepared cultivates Pleurotus ostreatus, the often training of group embodiment at identical conditions Supporting 30 bags of Pleurotus ostreatus, inoculum concentration, inoculating process and daily management etc. are the most identical, contrast Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus, the receipts of record Pleurotus ostreatus The amount of obtaining, calculates meansigma methods, is shown in Table 1.
In edible fungus culturing, biological efficiency is generally used to represent its substrate conversion ratio to mushroom.Biological efficiency refers to put down Massee fruiting bodies fresh weight and the percentage ratio of compost (substrate) dry weight.
The Pleurotus ostreatus harvest yield of table 1 different culture media
From table 1, the mushroom cultivation material of the present invention can significantly improve the yield of Pleurotus ostreatus, relative to prior art comparative example 4, Output increased nearly 0.5 times, uses the compost cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus of the present invention can dramatically increase the number of times of gathering of Pleurotus ostreatus, is carried High to 7 times, meanwhile, it is found that Pleurotus ostreatus is all supported by the use of fermentation of seaweed liquid and bean curd yellow fluid and yam skin from table 1 Growing yield and play key effect, laboratory observation finds, on the compost of embodiments of the invention 1-3 after inoculation, and about 25 days, Mycelia covers with bacterium bag, and the sturdy amount of mycelia is many, is covered with whole bacterium bag, and results peak period can reach first three tide, and comparative example 4 is only It is 2 tides.
The mushroom cultivation material of the present invention need not use the edible grain such as Semen Maydis powder, Testa Tritici, and these materials are easily after cultivation Phase bonds, and reduces breathability, affects mycelial growth, and most of raw material of the present invention is refuse reclamation, reduces raw material Cost, in the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus, early investment cost is relatively big, needs substantial amounts of compost, and this just reduces production for peasant household and throws Enter, save production cost, it addition, the compost of the present invention can dramatically increase Yield of Pleurotus Ostreatus, realize quick extra earning for peasant household, Therefore, reached the effect increased income and decreased expenditure, there is stronger practicality.
In the description of this specification, reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " concrete example " or The description of " some examples " etc. means that the specific features, structure, material or the feature that combine this embodiment or example description are contained in In at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term necessarily for It is identical embodiment or example.And, the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can at any one or Multiple embodiments or example combine in an appropriate manner.Additionally, those skilled in the art can be by described in this specification Different embodiments or example engage and combine.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: without departing from this These embodiments can be carried out multiple change in the case of the principle of invention and objective, revise, replace and modification, the present invention's Scope is limited by claim and equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. a cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 30-35 part, bagasse 25-30 part, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15-20 part, oat shell 5-10 part, yam skin 5-10 part, plant ash 4-6 part, fermentation of seaweed liquid 3-5 part, bean curd yellow fluid 3-5 part, carbamide 0.3-0.5 part, calcium superphosphate 1-2 part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.3-0.5 part.
Cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 33 parts, bagasse 28 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 18 parts, oat shell 7 parts, yam skin 8 parts, plant ash 5 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 4 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 4 parts, 0.4 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 1.5 parts, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.4 part.
Cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 30 parts, bagasse 30 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15 parts, oat shell 10 parts, yam skin 5 parts, plant ash 6 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 3 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 5 parts, 0.5 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 1 part, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.3 part.
Cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following weight portion: cotton seed hulls 35 parts, bagasse 25 parts, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 20 parts, oat shell 5 parts, yam skin 10 parts, plant ash 4 parts, fermentation of seaweed liquid 5 parts, bean curd yellow fluid 3 parts, 0.3 part of carbamide, calcium superphosphate 2 parts, Gypsum Fibrosum powder 0.5 part.
5. according to the cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material described in any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that, described fermentation of seaweed liquid for by utilizing compound bacteria to obtain 25-30 DEG C of fermentation by Sargassum, described compound bacteria is candida tropicalis, its numbered CICC-32594, ocean yellow slip bacterium, its numbered CICC-10658, with microvesicle Pseudomonas, its numbered CICC-23821, described Sargassum is 100:(0.3-0.5 with the mass ratio of compound bacteria), described candida tropicalis is fermented, the mass ratio of ocean yellow slip bacterium and microvesicle Pseudomonas is 1:2:1.5, described fermentation time is 56-90 hour.
6. the preparation method of the cotton seed hulls base mushroom cultivation material described in any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step one, by cotton seed hulls, bagasse, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, oat shell, yam skin in temperature be 100 DEG C of steaming and decoctings 1 hour, dry, pulverize 200 mesh sieves after mixing with plant ash and obtain mixed powder, moistening mixed powder after Gypsum Fibrosum powder is dissolved in water, add after bean curd yellow fluid, fermentation of seaweed liquid, carbamide and calcium superphosphate stir and pile a diameter of 1-2 rice, the cone of a height of 0.4-1 rice, cone leaves passage, covers straw screen or mat after fermentation 6-10 days;
Step 2, gains in step one are packed, after high pressure steam sterilization, to obtain final product.
CN201610555192.1A 2016-07-14 2016-07-14 Cottonseed hull base oyster mushroom culture medium and preparing method thereof CN105936601A (en)

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Application publication date: 20160914