CN105931493A - Intelligent parking space information management system and method based on internet of things technology - Google Patents

Intelligent parking space information management system and method based on internet of things technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105931493A
CN105931493A CN201610535565.9A CN201610535565A CN105931493A CN 105931493 A CN105931493 A CN 105931493A CN 201610535565 A CN201610535565 A CN 201610535565A CN 105931493 A CN105931493 A CN 105931493A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
light
parking stall
normally
green light
red light
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Application number
CN201610535565.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105931493B (en
Inventor
田瑜基
陈云
童丽闺
汤茂江
王晓强
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Xiamen Kingtop Information Technology Co Ltd
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Xiamen Kingtop Information Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610535565.9A priority Critical patent/CN105931493B/en
Publication of CN105931493A publication Critical patent/CN105931493A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105931493B publication Critical patent/CN105931493B/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/14Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
    • G08G1/145Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas where the indication depends on the parking areas
    • G08G1/146Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas where the indication depends on the parking areas where the parking area is a limited parking space, e.g. parking garage, restricted space

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent parking space information management system and a method based on an internet of things technology. Hardware of the intelligent parking space information management system comprises a photosensitive sensor, an MCU, a relay switch, a starting control sensitivity knob, a time delay adjustment knob, a red light, a green light and an LED screen, wherein the photosensitive sensor, the MCU, the relay switch, the starting control sensitivity knob and the time delay adjustment knob are installed on a circuit board, and the circuit board is installed in a hole at the center of a parking space with only the photosensitive sensor being exposed; the red light and the green light are installed at the top part inside a garage above the parking space, light captured by the photosensitive sensor becomes weak after a vehicle parks in the parking space, and he MCU controls the relay switch to turn on the red light and turn off the green light; light captured by the photosensitive sensor becomes strong after the vehicle drives away from the parking space, and the MCU controls the relay switch to turn on the green light and turn off the red light, so that people find a free parking space quickly according to the location of the green light. The LED screen is installed at the entrance of the garage and displays a planimetric map of the whole garage, free parking spaces are displayed as green, and occupied parking spaces are displayed as red, thereby guiding a parking direction for people.

Description

A kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of traffic facilities, particularly relate to a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things and method.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of auto manufacturing, the vehicle price of main brand drops always, and it is in great demand that people purchase car, automobile pollution becomes quick growth trend, by the end of the end of the year 2015, China's automobile guarantee-quantity has reached 1.72 hundred million, and registration private car reaches 1.24 hundred million the most personally.Assuming that each car travels 20,000 kilometers every year, speed per hour 50 kilometers, then annual dynamic traffic transport condition only has 400 hours, and static parked state reaches 8000 hours, accounts for more than 95%, so parking problem has been increasingly becoming the common fault in each city.
Various places government, in order to solve parking problem, is all being continuously increased parking lot quantity, but owing to each parking lot structure is different, people devote a tremendous amount of time when stopping and look for vacant parking stall.Time is money, efficiency is most important, in allegro today, obtains information needed with the fastest speed and has become as successful essential condition.How quick obtaining parking space information is quickly to stop, and is that problem to be solved is needed in the most a lot of parking lot badly.
The information related between thing and people is exchangeed problem, and the technology of Internet of things that is just dependent on first expected solves.By sensing equipment, utilize the medium such as network or communication, it is achieved intelligentized identification, position, follow the trail of and manage so that people realize, with fine dynamic mode managerial life, improving resource utilization.So designing a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things, it is possible to allow people identify rapidly the particular location of idle parking stall, save the plenty of time, this is for advancing the development of means of transportation technology and raising resident living comfortableness significant.
Summary of the invention
In order to realize detecting building deformation situation fast and effectively, the present invention provides a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things and method, and it utilizes sensor, it is judged that whether parking stall parks, again by converting the ceiling light of different colours, people are allowed to quickly find idle parking stall.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things, including light sensor, MCU, relay switch, starts to control sensitivity knob, delay adjustment knob, red light, green light, LED screen;
Described light sensor, MCU, relay switch, start to control sensitivity knob, delay adjustment knob is all produced on same circuit board, circuit board is arranged in the centrical hole of each car, only exposes light sensor for catching light intensity;Described relay switch comprises three kinds of contacts, it is normally opened contact, common, normally-closed contact respectively, wherein normally opened contact and normally-closed contact are two independent auxiliary contacts, and being used for of common connects external input or output publicly, is also the common junction of normally opened contact and normally-closed contact simultaneously;Described sensitivity knob of starting to control is for adjusting the sensitivity of the inductive light intensity of light sensor, and described delay adjustment knob is used for extending the turn-off time of normally-closed contact;Described red light and green light are arranged on indoor top surface, garage, are mounted on a red light and a green light above each parking stall, when there is car corresponding parking stall, and when red, during the corresponding parking stall free time, green light, it is simple to people find rapidly idle position, parking stall;Described LED screen is arranged on garage port wall, the plane graph of whole garage stall shown above, during the corresponding parking stall free time, and display green in the parking stall rectangle frame above LED screen, when there is car corresponding parking stall, display redness in the parking stall rectangle frame above LED screen.
The mode of connection of each element in the present invention:
The terminals of circuit board are connected to 12V cathode power supply and ground wire, provide electric energy for whole circuit board;Live wire trunk roads are connected in the common of relay switch, and red light live wire is drawn from normally opened contact, receive on red light, separately have red light zero line to draw from red light;Green light live wire is drawn from normally-closed contact, receives on green light, separately has green light zero line to draw from green light.
The operation principle of the present invention:
Under original state, parking stall is idle, and the green light above parking stall is lighted;Car drives garage into, and when being parked on parking stall, the light luminance of light sensor capture reduces, and when MCU judges light luminance≤threshold value, connects certain pin, the coil electricity of normally opened contact, and normally opened contact closes, and red light live wire connects with live wire trunk roads, and red light lights;MCU connects another pin simultaneously, the coil electricity of normally-closed contact, and normally-closed contact disconnects, and green light live wire disconnects with live wire trunk roads, and green light extinguishes;Because normally-closed contact is controlled by delay adjustment knob, off delay, first lighting at red light, green light extinguishes again.
After car drives away, the light luminance of light sensor capture raises, and when MCU judges light luminance < threshold value, disconnects certain pin, the coil blackout of normally opened contact, and normally opened contact restores, and red light live wire disconnects with live wire trunk roads, and red light extinguishes;MCU disconnects another pin simultaneously, the coil blackout of normally-closed contact, and normally-closed contact restores, and green light live wire connects with live wire trunk roads, and green light lights.
A kind of method utilizing described device to carry out timing down time:
There is unique numbering each parking stall, in typing background data base, when car is parked on parking stall, MCU is controlling normally-closed contact disconnection, during normally opened contact Guan Bi, passing time information T1 to backstage, when car leaves parking stall, MCU is controlling normally-closed contact recovery, when normally opened contact restores, passing time information T2 to backstage, T2-T1, the i.e. down time of car, backstage is immediately according to charging down time.
The invention provides a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things and method, have the advantage that
(1) after make use of car to be parked in parking stall, the feature that the light on parking stall can weaken, carry out information capture in conjunction with light sensor, thinking is ingenious;
(2) utilize the switching of the different colours light of red light green light, improve the resolution of idle parking stall, fast practical;
(3) method that MCU controls relay switch is utilized, it is achieved intelligentized control method.
So, this intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things and method can easily be used in indoor garage, people can be allowed to identify rapidly the particular location of idle parking stall, saving the plenty of time, this is for advancing the development of means of transportation technology and raising resident living comfortableness significant.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will illustrate in the following description, or understand by implementing the present invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is only used for illustrating the purpose of specific embodiment, and is not considered as limitation of the present invention, and in whole accompanying drawing, identical reference marks represents identical parts.
Fig. 1 is the board structure of circuit schematic diagram in a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the connection schematic diagram of a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the display screen schematic diagram of a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the control flow chart of a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things of the present invention.
Label in figure: 1-light sensor, 2-MCU, 3-relay switch, the light-operated sensitivity knob of 4-, 5-delay adjustment knob, 6-red light, 7-green light, 8-LED screen, a-normally opened contact, b-common, c-normally-closed contact, d-12V cathode power supply, e-ground wire, g-live wire trunk roads, m-red light live wire, n-red light zero line, j-green light live wire, k-green light zero line.
Detailed description of the invention
It is described in further detail below with reference to drawings and Examples intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things a kind of to the present invention and method.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things and method, say more specificly, mainly include light sensor 1, MCU2, relay switch 3, light-operated sensitivity knob 4, delay adjustment knob 5, red light 6, green light 7, LED screen 8;
Described light sensor 1, MCU2, relay switch 3, start to control sensitivity knob 4, delay adjustment knob 5 is all produced on same circuit board, circuit board is arranged in the centrical hole of each car, only exposes light sensor 1 for catching light intensity;Described relay switch 3 comprises three kinds of contacts, it is normally opened contact a, common b, normally-closed contact c respectively, wherein normally opened contact a and normally-closed contact c is two independent auxiliary contacts, normally opened contact a i.e. coil not electric in the case of be off, normally-closed contact c i.e. coil not electric in the case of be Guan Bi, being used for of common b connects external input or output publicly, is also normally opened contact a and the common junction of normally-closed contact c simultaneously;Described sensitivity knob 4 of starting to control is for adjusting the sensitivity of the inductive light intensity of light sensor 1, and described delay adjustment knob 5 is used for extending the turn-off time of normally-closed contact c;Described red light 6 and green light 7 are arranged on indoor top surface, garage, are mounted on a red light 6 and a green light 7 above each parking stall, and when there is car corresponding parking stall, red light 6 is bright, and during the corresponding parking stall free time, green light 7 is bright, it is simple to people find rapidly idle position, parking stall;Described LED screen 8 is arranged on garage port wall, the plane graph of whole garage stall shown above, during the corresponding parking stall free time, and display green in LED screen 8 parking stall rectangle frame above, when there is car corresponding parking stall, display redness in LED screen 8 parking stall rectangle frame above.
Further, equipped with photoconductive resistance in light sensor 1, by varying strength photon impact, resistance can change, thus internal current intensity changes, in conjunction with electronic circuit processing and amplifying, and the most exportable effective signal of telecommunication.
Further, the resistance started to control in sensitivity knob 4 is connected with photoconductive resistance, by changing its resistance i.e. sensitivity of adjustable inductive light intensity.
Further, delay adjustment knob 5 is connected with normally-closed contact c, includes electric capacity and one-way SCR circuit, and electric capacity is charged to certain level after current just can flow into normally-closed contact coil, realizes adjusting delay time by regulation electric capacity.
The terminals of circuit board are connected to 12V cathode power supply d and ground wire e, provide electric energy for whole circuit board;As in figure 2 it is shown, live wire trunk roads g is connected in common b of relay switch 3, red light live wire m draws from normally opened contact a, receives on red light 6, separately has red light zero line n to draw from red light 6;Green light live wire j draws from normally-closed contact c, receives on green light 7, separately has green light zero line k to draw from green light 7.
Under original state, parking stall is idle, and the green light 7 above parking stall is lighted;Car drives garage into, and when being parked on parking stall, the light luminance of light sensor 1 capture reduces, when MCU judges light luminance≤threshold value, connect certain pin, the coil electricity of normally opened contact a, normally opened contact a closes, and red light live wire m connects with live wire trunk roads g, and red light 6 lights;MCU connects another pin, the coil electricity of normally-closed contact c simultaneously, and normally-closed contact c disconnects, and green light live wire j and live wire trunk roads g disconnects, and green light 7 extinguishes;Because normally-closed contact c is controlled by delay adjustment knob 5, off delay, so first lighting at red light 6, green light 7 extinguishes again.
The purpose of design normally-closed contact c off delay is to ensure that, when stopping, the indoor top above parking stall has the light of abundance all the time, it is to avoid owing to light transformation affects shut-down operation.
After car drives away, the light luminance of light sensor 1 capture raises, and when MCU judges light luminance < threshold value, disconnects certain pin, the coil blackout of normally opened contact a, and normally opened contact a restores, and red light live wire m and live wire trunk roads g disconnects, and red light 6 extinguishes;MCU disconnects another pin, the coil blackout of normally-closed contact c simultaneously, and normally-closed contact c restores, and green light live wire j connects with live wire trunk roads g, and green light 7 lights.
Above-mentioned threshold value needs the situation according to concrete garage, obtains threshold value several times by experiment, because the height in garage is different with the brightness of bulb, it is low that the domain of car also has height to have, so concrete decision threshold needs experiment to determine.
The invention still further relates to a kind of method utilizing described device to carry out timing down time:
Each parking stall gives uniquely to number, in typing background data base, when car is parked on parking stall, MCU is controlling normally-closed contact c disconnection, during normally opened contact a Guan Bi, passing time information T1 to backstage, when car leaves parking stall, MCU is controlling normally-closed contact c recovery, when normally opened contact a restores, passing time information T2 to backstage, T2-T1, the i.e. down time of car, backstage is immediately according to charging down time.
The above; being only the present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; the change that can readily occur in or replacement, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. an intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things, it is characterised in that: it includes light sensor (1), MCU (2), relay switch (3), light-operated sensitivity knob (4), delay adjustment knob (5), red light (6), green light (7), LED screen (8);
Described light sensor (1), MCU (2), relay switch (3), start to control sensitivity knob (4), delay adjustment knob (5) is all produced on same circuit board, circuit board is arranged in the centrical hole of each car, only exposes light sensor (1) and is used for catching light intensity;Described relay switch (3) comprises three kinds of contacts, is normally opened contact (a), common (b), normally-closed contact (c) respectively;Described sensitivity knob (4) of starting to control is used for adjusting the sensitivity of the inductive light intensity of light sensor (1), and described delay adjustment knob (5) is used for extending the turn-off time of normally-closed contact (c);Described red light (6) and green light (7) are arranged on indoor top surface, garage, a red light (6) and a green light (7) it is mounted on above each parking stall, when having car on corresponding parking stall, red light (6) is bright, during the corresponding parking stall free time, green light (7) is bright;Described LED screen (8) is arranged on garage port wall, the plane graph of whole garage stall shown above, during the corresponding parking stall free time, display green in LED screen (8) parking stall rectangle frame above, when there is car corresponding parking stall, display redness in LED screen (8) parking stall rectangle frame above.
2. the circuit connection method of an intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things, it is characterised in that: the terminals of circuit board are connected to 12V cathode power supply (d) and ground wire (e), provide electric energy for whole circuit board;Live wire trunk roads (g) is connected in the common (b) of relay switch (3), red light live wire (m) is drawn from normally opened contact (a), receive on red light (6), separately have red light zero line (n) to draw from red light (6);Green light live wire (j) is drawn from normally-closed contact (c), receives on green light (7), separately has green light zero line (k) to draw from green light (7).
3. the idle parking stall recognition methods of an intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things, it is characterised in that:
Under original state, parking stall is idle, and the green light 7 above parking stall is lighted;Car drives garage into, and when being parked on parking stall, the light luminance of light sensor 1 capture reduces, when MCU judges light luminance≤threshold value, connect certain pin, the coil electricity of normally opened contact a, normally opened contact a closes, and red light live wire m connects with live wire trunk roads g, and red light 6 lights;MCU connects another pin, the coil electricity of normally-closed contact c simultaneously, and normally-closed contact c disconnects, and green light live wire j and live wire trunk roads g disconnects, and green light 7 extinguishes;Because normally-closed contact c is controlled by delay adjustment knob 5, off delay, so first lighting at red light 6, green light 7 extinguishes again;
After car drives away, the light luminance of light sensor 1 capture raises, and when MCU judges light luminance < threshold value, disconnects certain pin, the coil blackout of normally opened contact a, and normally opened contact a restores, and red light live wire m and live wire trunk roads g disconnects, and red light 6 extinguishes;MCU disconnects another pin, the coil blackout of normally-closed contact c simultaneously, and normally-closed contact c restores, and green light live wire j connects with live wire trunk roads g, and green light 7 lights.
4. the parking charge method of an intelligent car position information management system based on technology of Internet of things, it is characterized in that: each parking stall gives uniquely to number, in typing background data base, when car is parked on parking stall, MCU is controlling normally-closed contact (c) disconnection, during normally opened contact (a) Guan Bi, passing time information T1 is to backstage, when car leaves parking stall, MCU is controlling normally-closed contact (c) recovery, when normally opened contact (a) restores, passing time information T2 is to backstage, T2-T1, the i.e. down time of car, backstage is immediately according to charging down time.
CN201610535565.9A 2016-07-08 2016-07-08 A kind of intelligent car position information management system and method based on technology of Internet of things Expired - Fee Related CN105931493B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107610515A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-19 宇龙计算机通信科技(深圳)有限公司 A kind of parking space state determines method and apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202782860U (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-03-13 南京博鼎资讯科技有限公司 On-board intelligent light control device based on CAN bus technique
CN104008668A (en) * 2014-05-25 2014-08-27 高毓懋 Simple automobile parking space indicating device
KR20140121500A (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-16 인텔렉추얼디스커버리 주식회사 Parking guidance system
CN105679088A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-06-15 北京猛哥科技有限公司 Parking lock based on geomagnetic detection and parking management system
CN205881194U (en) * 2016-07-08 2017-01-11 厦门精图信息技术有限公司 Intelligence parking stall information management system based on internet of things

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202782860U (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-03-13 南京博鼎资讯科技有限公司 On-board intelligent light control device based on CAN bus technique
KR20140121500A (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-16 인텔렉추얼디스커버리 주식회사 Parking guidance system
CN104008668A (en) * 2014-05-25 2014-08-27 高毓懋 Simple automobile parking space indicating device
CN105679088A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-06-15 北京猛哥科技有限公司 Parking lock based on geomagnetic detection and parking management system
CN205881194U (en) * 2016-07-08 2017-01-11 厦门精图信息技术有限公司 Intelligence parking stall information management system based on internet of things

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107610515A (en) * 2017-09-25 2018-01-19 宇龙计算机通信科技(深圳)有限公司 A kind of parking space state determines method and apparatus

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