CN105928353A - Low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer - Google Patents

Low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105928353A
CN105928353A CN201610271137.XA CN201610271137A CN105928353A CN 105928353 A CN105928353 A CN 105928353A CN 201610271137 A CN201610271137 A CN 201610271137A CN 105928353 A CN105928353 A CN 105928353A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature automatic
layer
hot
low temperature
elevator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610271137.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘吉勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Gofo Machinery Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Gofo Machinery Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Gofo Machinery Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Gofo Machinery Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610271137.XA priority Critical patent/CN105928353A/en
Publication of CN105928353A publication Critical patent/CN105928353A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B17/00Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement
    • F26B17/24Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement with movement performed by shooting or throwing the materials, e.g. after which the materials are subject to impact
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/06Controlling, e.g. regulating, parameters of gas supply
    • F26B21/10Temperature; Pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/02Heating arrangements using combustion heating
    • F26B23/028Heating arrangements using combustion heating using solid fuel; burning the dried product
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/06Grains, e.g. cereals, wheat, rice, corn

Abstract

The invention discloses a low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer. The low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer comprises a body and a hot-blast stove, wherein the body is successively provided with a tempering layer, a drying layer and a material conveying layer from top to bottom; an elevator is arranged on a side wall of the body; an upper auger is arranged at the upper end of the elevator and is positioned above the body; a throwing plate is arranged on one side, which is away from the elevator, of the upper auger; the hot-blast stove comprises a stove body and an exchanger; the exchanger is arranged in the stove body; a first fan is arranged on one side of the upper end of the stove body; a combustion chamber is formed in the stove body; a valve is arranged on one side of the combustion chamber; an air inlet pipe is arranged on the other side of the upper end of the stove body and communicates with the combustion chamber; a flow distributing pipe is arranged on one side, which is away from the hot-blast stove, of the air inlet pipe; and a second fan is arranged in the flow distributing pipe. The low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer is simple in structure, high in work efficiency and good in drying effect; and the labor force of workers is saved.

Description

A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop dryer technical field, particularly relate to a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer.
Background technology
Shi Chan grain big country of China, but the general year's harvest is owing to can not be dried in time the bread crop of results, causes the loss of cereal to be up to 5,000,000,000 kilograms.Cereal is heat energy material, and rate of drying and parameter select the improper damage easily causing grain quality, waist as quick-fried in paddy rice, wheat broken skin and Stress Cracks in Corn.When present drying equipment is to grain dry, easily causes cereal damage, and substantial amounts of heat waste can be caused, the most permissible after need to transforming.Temperature is too high and percent cracked rice controls the problems such as inaccurate controlling to exist in drying section temperature for existing low-temperature circulating grain drier, and drying efficiency is low, we have proposed a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer for this, is used for solving the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem existed based on background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer.
nullA kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer that the present invention proposes,Including body and hot-blast stove,Described body is sequentially provided with tempering layer from top to bottom、Drying layer and haul layer,The sidewall of described body is provided with elevator,The upper end of described elevator is provided with auger,And upper auger is positioned at the top of body,Described upper auger is provided with away from the side of elevator and throws dish,Described hot-blast stove includes body of heater and interchanger,Described interchanger is arranged in body of heater,The side, upper end of described body of heater is provided with the first blower fan,It is provided with combustion chamber in described body of heater,The side of described combustion chamber is provided with valve,The upper end opposite side of described body of heater is provided with intake stack,And intake stack and combustion chamber,Described intake stack is provided with shunt conduit away from the side of hot-blast stove,The second blower fan it is provided with in described shunt conduit,Described shunt conduit is arranged on the sidewall of drying layer away from the side of intake stack,And shunt conduit connects with drying layer,Under upper band, the first conveyer belt it is sequentially provided with in described drying layer、Second conveyer belt and the 3rd conveyer belt,The bottom of described haul layer is provided with lower auger,And the lower end of lower auger and elevator connects,Described first conveyer belt、It is equipped with multiple air-vent on second conveyer belt and the 3rd conveyer belt,The lower end of described elevator is provided with charging aperture,The lateral wall of described haul layer is provided with control cabinet,The side of described control cabinet is sequentially provided with display screen from top to bottom、Operation button and indicator lamp.
Preferably, throw dish described in be driven by driving means.
Preferably, controller, described controller electrical connection display screen, operation button and indicator lamp it are provided with in described control cabinet.
Preferably, the sidewall of described drying layer uses metal aluminum sheet, and the inner side of described metal aluminum sheet is provided with silica gel cotton heat-insulation layer.
Preferably, the madial wall of described intake stack is provided with temperature sensor.
Preferably, the lower end of described hot-blast stove is provided with road wheel.
Preferably, the thermal source of described hot-blast stove is coal, stalk, biomass granule fuel or dried firewood.
Preferably, the lower end of described body is fixed by fixing device, and described fixing device is lock-screw.
In the present invention, cereal is entered from charging aperture, by elevator, cereal is delivered to the top of body, uniformly shed by throwing dish after being carried by upper auger, after cereal enters drying layer, thered is provided hot blast that cereal is dried by hot-blast stove, hot blast can be fully by grain dry by the auxiliary air-supply of the second blower fan, wherein drying layer is by the first conveyer belt, second conveyer belt and the 3rd conveyer belt composition, grain dry efficiency can be greatly improved, finally by lower auger cyclic drying, when cereal moisture percentage reaches automatically to carry out when setting requires discharge, present configuration is simple, save workman labour, operating efficiency is high, drying effect is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer that the present invention proposes;
Fig. 2 is the drying layer structural representation of a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer that the present invention proposes;
Fig. 3 is the conveyer structure schematic diagram of a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer that the present invention proposes;
Fig. 4 is the control cabinet structural representation of a kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer that the present invention proposes.
In figure: 1 charging aperture, 2 drying layers, 3 elevators, auger on 4,5 throw dish, 6 tempering layers, 7 intake stacks, 8 first blower fans, 9 interchangers, 10 road wheels, 11 combustion chambers, 12 valves, 13 control cabinets, 14 haul layers, 15 times augers, 16 shunt conduit, 17 first conveyer belts, 18 second conveyer belts, 19 the 3rd conveyer belts, 20 second blower fans, 21 air-vents, 22 display screens, 23 operation button, 24 indicator lamps.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is explained orally further.
nullWith reference to Fig. 1-4,A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer that the present invention proposes,Including body and hot-blast stove,Body is sequentially provided with tempering layer 6 from top to bottom、Drying layer 2 and haul layer 14,The sidewall of body is provided with elevator 3,The upper end of elevator 3 is provided with auger 4,And upper auger 4 is positioned at the top of body,Upper auger 4 is provided with away from the side of elevator 3 and throws dish 5,By elevator 3, cereal is delivered to the top of body,Uniformly shed by throwing dish 5 after being carried by upper auger 4,Hot-blast stove includes body of heater and interchanger 9,Interchanger 9 is arranged in body of heater,The side, upper end of body of heater is provided with the first blower fan 8,Combustion chamber 11 it is provided with in body of heater,The side of combustion chamber 11 is provided with valve 12,The upper end opposite side of body of heater is provided with intake stack 7,And intake stack 7 connects with combustion chamber 11,Intake stack 7 is provided with shunt conduit 16 away from the side of hot-blast stove,The second blower fan 20 it is provided with in shunt conduit 16,Hot blast can be fully by grain dry by the auxiliary air-supply of the second blower fan 20,Shunt conduit 16 is arranged on the sidewall of drying layer 2 away from the side of intake stack 7,And shunt conduit 16 connects with drying layer 2,Under upper band, the first conveyer belt 17 it is sequentially provided with in drying layer 2、Second conveyer belt 18 and the 3rd conveyer belt 19,Grain dry efficiency can be greatly improved,After cereal enters drying layer 2,Thered is provided hot blast that cereal is dried by hot-blast stove,The bottom of haul layer 14 is provided with lower auger 15,And the lower end of lower auger 15 and elevator 3 connects,By lower auger 15 cyclic drying,First conveyer belt 17、It is equipped with multiple air-vent 21 on second conveyer belt 18 and the 3rd conveyer belt 19,The lower end of elevator 3 is provided with charging aperture 1,Cereal is entered from charging aperture 1,The lateral wall of haul layer 14 is provided with control cabinet 13,The side of control cabinet 13 is sequentially provided with display screen 22 from top to bottom、Operation button 23 and indicator lamp 24,When cereal moisture percentage reaches automatically to carry out when setting requires discharge.
In the present invention, throw dish 5 and driven by driving means.Controller, controller electrical connection display screen 22, operation button 23 and indicator lamp 24 it is provided with in control cabinet 13.The sidewall of drying layer 2 uses metal aluminum sheet, and the inner side of metal aluminum sheet is provided with silica gel cotton heat-insulation layer, it is possible to effectively reduce energy consumption.The position that drying layer 2 directly contacts with paddy uses corrosion resistant plate, wear-resistant, and tempering layer 6 uses cold-rolled steel sheet, and rust cleaning baking vanish is good.The madial wall of intake stack 7 is provided with temperature sensor, the temperature of temperature sensor detection hot blast, in order in good time adjust hot blast temperature.The lower end of hot-blast stove is provided with road wheel.The thermal source of hot-blast stove is coal, stalk, biomass granule fuel or dried firewood.The lower end of body is fixed by fixing device, and fixing device is lock-screw.
When the present invention works, cereal is entered from charging aperture 1, by elevator 3, cereal is delivered to the top of body, uniformly shed by throwing dish 5 after being carried by upper auger 4, after cereal enters drying layer 2, thered is provided hot blast that cereal is dried by hot-blast stove, hot blast can be fully by grain dry by the auxiliary air-supply of the second blower fan 20, wherein drying layer 2 is by the first conveyer belt 17, second conveyer belt 18 and the 3rd conveyer belt 19 form, grain dry efficiency can be greatly improved, finally by lower auger 15 cyclic drying, when cereal moisture percentage reaches automatically to carry out when setting requires discharge, this drying machine makes each cereal crops be fully contacted with air-flow, during drying, particle phenomenon is few, percent cracked rice is extremely low, can effectively ensure that crops original appearance color and luster and nutrition do not change, and drying rate is fast.
The above; it is only the present invention preferably detailed description of the invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any those familiar with the art is in the technical scope that the invention discloses; according to technical scheme and inventive concept equivalent or change in addition thereof, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

  1. null1. a low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer,Including body and hot-blast stove,It is characterized in that,Described body is sequentially provided with tempering layer (6) from top to bottom、Drying layer (2) and haul layer (14),The sidewall of described body is provided with elevator (3),The upper end of described elevator (3) is provided with auger (4),And upper auger (4) is positioned at the top of body,Described upper auger (4) is provided with away from the side of elevator (3) and throws dish (5),Described hot-blast stove includes body of heater and interchanger (9),Described interchanger (9) is arranged in body of heater,The side, upper end of described body of heater is provided with the first blower fan (8),Combustion chamber (11) it is provided with in described body of heater,The side of described combustion chamber (11) is provided with valve (12),The upper end opposite side of described body of heater is provided with intake stack (7),And intake stack (7) connects with combustion chamber (11),Described intake stack (7) is provided with shunt conduit (16) away from the side of hot-blast stove,The second blower fan (20) it is provided with in described shunt conduit (16),Described shunt conduit (16) is arranged on the sidewall of drying layer (2) away from the side of intake stack (7),And shunt conduit (16) connects with drying layer (2),Under upper band, the first conveyer belt (17) it is sequentially provided with in described drying layer (2)、Second conveyer belt (18) and the 3rd conveyer belt (19),The bottom of described haul layer (14) is provided with lower auger (15),And the lower end of lower auger (15) and elevator (3) connects,Described first conveyer belt (17)、It is equipped with multiple air-vent (21) on second conveyer belt (18) and the 3rd conveyer belt (19),The lower end of described elevator (3) is provided with charging aperture (1),The lateral wall of described haul layer (14) is provided with control cabinet (13),The side of described control cabinet (13) is sequentially provided with display screen (22) from top to bottom、Operation button (23) and indicator lamp (24).
  2. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described in throw dish (5) and driven by driving means.
  3. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with controller, described controller electrical connection display screen (22), operation button (23) and indicator lamp (24) in described control cabinet (13).
  4. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the sidewall of described drying layer (2) uses metal aluminum sheet, and the inner side of described metal aluminum sheet is provided with silica gel cotton heat-insulation layer.
  5. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the madial wall of described intake stack (7) is provided with temperature sensor.
  6. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower end of described hot-blast stove is provided with road wheel.
  7. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the thermal source of described hot-blast stove is coal, stalk, biomass granule fuel or dried firewood.
  8. A kind of low temperature automatic cycle crop dryer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower end of described body is fixed by fixing device, and described fixing device is lock-screw.
CN201610271137.XA 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer Pending CN105928353A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610271137.XA CN105928353A (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610271137.XA CN105928353A (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Low-temperature automatic circulation grain dryer

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107728683A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-23 广西田园生化股份有限公司 A kind of automatic drying control device that can remotely monitor
CN107861540A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-30 常德科祥机电制造有限公司 A kind of grain drying machine automaton and its control method
CN109028894A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-18 安徽辰宇机械科技有限公司 A kind of Mixed-Flow Grain Dryers

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FR2998952A1 (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-06 Sarl Sud Expl Device, useful for drying grains, comprises drying tower associated with hot air generator, where drying tower is connected to upper part of generator by conduit to cause recycling of air inside box having air
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US6279250B1 (en) * 1999-09-07 2001-08-28 Crown Iron Works Company Apparatus for enhanced solvent recovery from solvent extracted material
CN2606316Y (en) * 2003-03-16 2004-03-10 商水县福安粮机制造有限公司 Movable circulatnig grain drier
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CN201830831U (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-05-18 马庆生 Low-temperature circulating grain drier
CN202211117U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-05-09 东莞市泰通科技实业有限公司 Grain drying equipment
FR2998952A1 (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-06 Sarl Sud Expl Device, useful for drying grains, comprises drying tower associated with hot air generator, where drying tower is connected to upper part of generator by conduit to cause recycling of air inside box having air
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107728683A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-23 广西田园生化股份有限公司 A kind of automatic drying control device that can remotely monitor
CN107861540A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-30 常德科祥机电制造有限公司 A kind of grain drying machine automaton and its control method
CN109028894A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-18 安徽辰宇机械科技有限公司 A kind of Mixed-Flow Grain Dryers

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Application publication date: 20160907

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